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Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Lukasz Czyzewski, Michael Frass, Oliver Robak
INTRODUCTION: European Resuscitation Council as well as American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stress the importance of uninterrupted and effective chest compressions (CCs). Manual CPR decreases in quality of CCs over time because of fatigue which impacts outcome. We report the first study with the Lifeline ARM automated CC device for providing uninterrupted CCs. METHODS: Seventy-eight paramedics participated in this randomized, crossover, manikin trial...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hyuk Jun Yang, Gi Woon Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Yang Ju Tak, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Ai-Rhan Ellen Kim, Han Suk Kim, Su Jin Cho, Yong Sung Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Hye Won Park, Yong Hoon Cheon, Moon Sung Park, Yoon Sil Chang, Young Han Kim, Dong Yeon Kim, Hee Jo Yoon, Yeon Hee Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Do Kyun Kim, Won Kyoung Jhang, Ji Yun Ahn, Ji Sook Lee, Yoon Hee Kim, Bongjin Lee, Gi Beom Kim, Jin-Tae Kim, June Huh, June Dong Park, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Ji Sook Lee, Ji Yun Ahn, Do Kyun Kim, Yoon Hee Kim, Bongjin Lee, Won Kyoung Jhang, Gi Beom Kim, Jin-Tae Kim, June Huh, June Dong Park, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Young-Min Kim, Kyu Nam Park, Seung Pill Choi, Byung Kook Lee, Kyungil Park, Jeongmin Kim, Ji Hoon Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Mi Jin Lee, Tai Ho Rho, Hyun Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, June Soo Kim, Sang Gyun Rho, Hyun Kyung Park, Dong Jin Oh, Seil Oh, Jin Wi, Sangmo Je, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Keun Jeong Song, Jae-Bum Kim, Jinhee Kim, Chanwoong Kim, Sun Young Park, Chang Hee Lee, Yong Soo Jang, Gyu Chong Cho, Youngsuk Cho, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Sung Oh Hwang, Sung Phil Chung, Keun Jeong Song, Hyun Kim, Tae Ho Rho, Kyu Nam Park, Young-Min Kim, June Dong Park, Ai-Rhan Ellen Kim, Hyuk Jun Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Mun Ki Min, Seok Ran Yeom, Ji Ho Ryu, Yong In Kim, Maeng Real Park, Sang Kyoon Han, Seong Hwa Lee, Sung Wook Park, Soon Chang Park
OBJECTIVE: We compared training using a voice advisory manikin (VAM) with an instructor-led (IL) course in terms of acquisition of initial cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills, as defined by the 2010 resuscitation guidelines. METHODS: This study was a randomized, controlled, blinded, parallel-group trial. We recruited 82 first-year emergency medical technician students and distributed them randomly into two groups: the IL group (n=41) and the VAM group (n=37)...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Eduard Bleijenberg, Rudolph W Koster, Hendrik de Vries, Stefanie G Beesems
PURPOSE: The Guidelines place emphasis on high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aims to measure the impact of post-resuscitation feedback on the quality of CPR as performed by ambulance personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two ambulances are dispatched for suspected cardiac arrest. The crew (driver and paramedic) of the first arriving ambulance is responsible for the quality of CPR. The crew of the second ambulance establishes an intravenous access and supports the first crew...
October 14, 2016: Resuscitation
Christine Culpepper, Kendra Hendrickson, Susan Marshall, Jessica Benes, Theresa R Grover
BACKGROUND: Growth and nutrition are critical in neonatal care. Whether feeding guidelines improve growth and nutrition and reduce morbidity is unknown. PURPOSE: Feeding guidelines for very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants were implemented in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to start and achieve full enteral feeds sooner, and increase weight gain over the first month. METHODS: Feeding guidelines for VLBW infants were implemented in January 2014, stratified by birth weight (<750, 750-1000, and 1000-1500 g)...
October 7, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Kouichiro Minami, Yota Kokubo, Ichinosuke Maeda, Shingo Hibino
In chest compression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the lower half of the sternum is pressed according to the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines 2010. These have been no studies which identify the exact location of the applied by individual chest compressions. We developed a rubber power-flexible capacitive sensor that could measure the actual pressure point of chest compression in real time. Here, we examined the pressure point of chest compression by ambulance crews during CPR using a mannequin...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Mohammed Absi, Susheel Tk Kumar, Hitesh Sandhu
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was instituted as an aid to in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) nearly 23 years ago, this led to remarkable improvement in survival considering the mortality rate associated with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Given this success, one begins to wonder whether the time has come for expanding the use of E-CPR to outside hospital cardiac arrests especially in the light of development of newer extracorporeal life support devices that are small, mobile, and easy to assemble...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ehud J Schmidt, Ronald D Watkins, Menekhem M Zviman, Michael A Guttman, Wei Wang, Henry A Halperin
BACKGROUND: Subjects undergoing cardiac arrest within a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner are currently removed from the bore and then from the MRI suite, before the delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation, potentially increasing the risk of mortality. This precludes many higher-risk (acute ischemic and acute stroke) patients from undergoing MRI and MRI-guided intervention. An MRI-conditional cardiac defibrillator should enable scanning with defibrillation pads attached and the generator ON, enabling application of defibrillation within the seconds of MRI after a cardiac event...
October 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Claudio Sandroni, Sonia D'Arrigo, Clifton W Callaway, Alain Cariou, Irina Dragancea, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Massimo Antonelli
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of brain death in patients with hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury after resuscitation from cardiac arrest creates opportunities for organ donation. However, its prevalence is currently unknown. METHODS: Systematic review. MEDLINE via PubMed, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for eligible studies (2002-2016). The prevalence of brain death in adult patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest and the rate of organ donation among brain dead patients were summarised using a random effect model with double-arcsine transformation...
October 3, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Sarah M Perman, Emily Stanton, Jasmeet Soar, Robert A Berg, Michael W Donnino, Mark E Mikkelsen, Dana P Edelson, Matthew M Churpek, Lin Yang, Raina M Merchant
BACKGROUND: In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is a major public health problem with significant mortality. A better understanding of where IHCA occurs in hospitals (intensive care unit [ICU] versus monitored ward [telemetry] versus unmonitored ward) could inform strategies for reducing preventable deaths. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective study of adult IHCA events in the Get with the Guidelines-Resuscitation database from January 2003 to September 2010...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
K Fink, B Schmid, H-J Busch
The revised guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation were implemented by the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) in October 2015. There were few changes concerning basic and advanced life support; however, some issues were clarified compared to the ERC recommendations from 2010. The present paper summarizes the procedures of basic and advanced life support according to the current guidelines and highlights the updates of 2015. Furthermore, the article depicts future prospects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation that may improve outcome of patients after cardiac arrest in the future...
September 27, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Chiwon Ahn, Yongtak Cho, Jaehoon Oh, Yeongtak Song, Tae Ho Lim, Hyunggoo Kang, Juncheol Lee
Objective. There are many smartphone-based applications (apps) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. We investigated the conformity and the learnability/usability of these apps for CPR training and real-life supports. Methods. We conducted a mixed-method, sequential explanatory study to assess CPR training apps downloaded on two apps stores in South Korea. Apps were collected with inclusion criteria as follows, Korean-language instruction, training features, and emergency supports for real-life incidents, and analyzed with two tests; 15 medical experts evaluated the apps' contents according to current Basic Life Support guidelines in conformity test, and 15 nonmedical individuals examined the apps using System Usability Scale (SUS) in the learnability/usability test...
2016: BioMed Research International
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