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Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843049/acute-hospital-administration-of-amiodarone-and-or-lidocaine-in-shockable-patients-presenting-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Chien-Hua Huang, Ping-Hsun Yu, Min-Shan Tsai, Po-Ya Chuang, Tzung-Dau Wang, Chih-Yen Chiang, Wei-Tien Chang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Wen-Jone Chen
BACKGROUND: Terminating ventricular fibrillation (VF) or pulseless ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT) is critical for successful resuscitation of patients with shockable cardiac arrest. In the event of shock-refractory VF, applicable guidelines suggest use of anti-arrhythmic agents. However, subsequent long-term outcomes remain unclear. A nationwide cohort study was therefore launched, examining 1-year survival rates in patients given amiodarone and/or lidocaine for cardiac arrest. METHODS: Medical records accruing between years 2004 and 2011 were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) for review...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831907/randomised-crossover-trial-of-rate-feedback-and-force-during-chest-compressions-for-paediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#2
Rachael Kathleen Gregson, Tim James Cole, Sophie Skellett, Emmanouil Bagkeris, Denise Welsby, Mark John Peters
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of visual feedback on rate of chest compressions, secondarily relating the forces used. DESIGN: Randomised crossover trial. SETTING: Tertiary teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Fifty trained hospital staff. INTERVENTIONS: A thin sensor-mat placed over the manikin's chest measured rate and force. Rescuers applied compressions to the same paediatric manikin for two sessions...
October 24, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820606/survival-rates-following-pediatric-in-hospital-cardiac-arrests-during-nights-and-weekends
#3
Farhan Bhanji, Alexis A Topjian, Vinay M Nadkarni, Amy H Praestgaard, Elizabeth A Hunt, Adam Cheng, Peter A Meaney, Robert A Berg
Importance: Nearly 6000 hospitalized children in the United States receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) annually. Little is known about whether the survival of these children is influenced by the time of the event (eg, nighttime or weekends). Differences in survival could have important implications for hospital staffing, training, and resource allocation. Objective: To determine whether outcomes after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrests differ during nights and weekends compared with days/evenings and weekdays...
November 7, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787571/-anesthesia-for-medical-students-a-brief-guide-to-practical-anesthesia-in-adults-with-a-web-based-video-illustration
#4
S Mathis, O Schlafer, J Abram, J Kreutziger, P Paal, V Wenzel
In Germany, Austria and Switzerland, anesthesiologists are the second largest group of physicians in hospitals, but this does not correspond to the amount of anesthesiology teaching that medical students receive in medical schools. Accordingly, the chances of medical students recognizing anesthesiology as a promising personal professional career are smaller than in other disciplines with large teaching components. Subsequent difficulties to recruit anesthesiology residents are likely, although many reasons support anesthesiology as a professional career...
October 27, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771299/sodium-nitroprusside-enhanced-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-improves-short-term-survival-in-a-porcine-model-of-ischemic-refractory-ventricular-fibrillation
#5
Demetris Yannopoulos, Jason A Bartos, Stephen A George, George Sideris, Sebastian Voicu, Brett Oestreich, Timothy Matsuura, Kadambari Shekar, Jennifer Rees, Tom P Aufderheide
INTRODUCTION: Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) enhanced CPR (SNPeCPR) demonstrates increased vital organ blood flow and survival in multiple porcine models. We developed a new, coronary occlusion/ischemia model of prolonged resuscitation, mimicking the majority of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests presenting with shockable rhythms. HYPOTHESIS: SNPeCPR will increase short term (4-h) survival compared to standard 2015 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines in an ischemic refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF), prolonged CPR model...
October 19, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756513/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-using-the-lifeline-arm-mechanical-chest-compression-device-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#6
Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Lukasz Czyzewski, Michael Frass, Oliver Robak
INTRODUCTION: European Resuscitation Council as well as American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stress the importance of uninterrupted and effective chest compressions (CCs). Manual CPR decreases in quality of CCs over time because of fatigue which impacts outcome. We report the first study with the Lifeline ARM automated CC device for providing uninterrupted CCs. METHODS: Seventy-eight paramedics participated in this randomized, crossover, manikin trial...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752648/part-8-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-education-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#7
Hyuk Jun Yang, Gi Woon Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Yang Ju Tak, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752647/part-7-neonatal-resuscitation-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#8
Ai-Rhan Ellen Kim, Han Suk Kim, Su Jin Cho, Yong Sung Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Hye Won Park, Yong Hoon Cheon, Moon Sung Park, Yoon Sil Chang, Young Han Kim, Dong Yeon Kim, Hee Jo Yoon, Yeon Hee Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752646/part-6-pediatric-advanced-life-support-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Do Kyun Kim, Won Kyoung Jhang, Ji Yun Ahn, Ji Sook Lee, Yoon Hee Kim, Bongjin Lee, Gi Beom Kim, Jin-Tae Kim, June Huh, June Dong Park, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752645/part-5-pediatric-basic-life-support-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#10
Ji Sook Lee, Ji Yun Ahn, Do Kyun Kim, Yoon Hee Kim, Bongjin Lee, Won Kyoung Jhang, Gi Beom Kim, Jin-Tae Kim, June Huh, June Dong Park, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752644/part-4-post-cardiac-arrest-care-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#11
Young-Min Kim, Kyu Nam Park, Seung Pill Choi, Byung Kook Lee, Kyungil Park, Jeongmin Kim, Ji Hoon Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752643/part-3-advanced-cardiac-life-support-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#12
Mi Jin Lee, Tai Ho Rho, Hyun Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, June Soo Kim, Sang Gyun Rho, Hyun Kyung Park, Dong Jin Oh, Seil Oh, Jin Wi, Sangmo Je, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752642/part-2-adult-basic-life-support-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#13
Keun Jeong Song, Jae-Bum Kim, Jinhee Kim, Chanwoong Kim, Sun Young Park, Chang Hee Lee, Yong Soo Jang, Gyu Chong Cho, Youngsuk Cho, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752641/part-1-the-update-process-and-highlights-2015-korean-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#14
Sung Oh Hwang, Sung Phil Chung, Keun Jeong Song, Hyun Kim, Tae Ho Rho, Kyu Nam Park, Young-Min Kim, June Dong Park, Ai-Rhan Ellen Kim, Hyuk Jun Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752634/comparison-between-an-instructor-led-course-and-training-using-a-voice-advisory-manikin-in-initial-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skill-acquisition
#15
Mun Ki Min, Seok Ran Yeom, Ji Ho Ryu, Yong In Kim, Maeng Real Park, Sang Kyoon Han, Seong Hwa Lee, Sung Wook Park, Soon Chang Park
OBJECTIVE: We compared training using a voice advisory manikin (VAM) with an instructor-led (IL) course in terms of acquisition of initial cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills, as defined by the 2010 resuscitation guidelines. METHODS: This study was a randomized, controlled, blinded, parallel-group trial. We recruited 82 first-year emergency medical technician students and distributed them randomly into two groups: the IL group (n=41) and the VAM group (n=37)...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751861/the-impact-of-post-resuscitation-feedback-for-paramedics-on-the-quality-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#16
Eduard Bleijenberg, Rudolph W Koster, Hendrik de Vries, Stefanie G Beesems
PURPOSE: The Guidelines place emphasis on high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aims to measure the impact of post-resuscitation feedback on the quality of CPR as performed by ambulance personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two ambulances are dispatched for suspected cardiac arrest. The crew (driver and paramedic) of the first arriving ambulance is responsible for the quality of CPR. The crew of the second ambulance establishes an intravenous access and supports the first crew...
October 14, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750266/implementation-of-feeding-guidelines-hastens-the-time-to-initiation-of-enteral-feeds-and-improves-growth-velocity-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#17
Christine Culpepper, Kendra Hendrickson, Susan Marshall, Jessica Benes, Theresa R Grover
BACKGROUND: Growth and nutrition are critical in neonatal care. Whether feeding guidelines improve growth and nutrition and reduce morbidity is unknown. PURPOSE: Feeding guidelines for very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants were implemented in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to start and achieve full enteral feeds sooner, and increase weight gain over the first month. METHODS: Feeding guidelines for VLBW infants were implemented in January 2014, stratified by birth weight (<750, 750-1000, and 1000-1500 g)...
October 7, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743122/analysis-of-actual-pressure-point-using-the-power-flexible-capacitive-sensor-during-chest-compression
#18
Kouichiro Minami, Yota Kokubo, Ichinosuke Maeda, Shingo Hibino
In chest compression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the lower half of the sternum is pressed according to the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines 2010. These have been no studies which identify the exact location of the applied by individual chest compressions. We developed a rubber power-flexible capacitive sensor that could measure the actual pressure point of chest compression in real time. Here, we examined the pressure point of chest compression by ambulance crews during CPR using a mannequin...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741068/the-use-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-prolonged-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-patients-is-it-time-to-expand-it
#19
Mohammed Absi, Susheel Tk Kumar, Hitesh Sandhu
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was instituted as an aid to in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) nearly 23 years ago, this led to remarkable improvement in survival considering the mortality rate associated with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Given this success, one begins to wonder whether the time has come for expanding the use of E-CPR to outside hospital cardiac arrests especially in the light of development of newer extracorporeal life support devices that are small, mobile, and easy to assemble...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729363/a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-conditional-external-cardiac-defibrillator-for-resuscitation-within-the-magnetic-resonance-imaging-scanner-bore
#20
Ehud J Schmidt, Ronald D Watkins, Menekhem M Zviman, Michael A Guttman, Wei Wang, Henry A Halperin
BACKGROUND: Subjects undergoing cardiac arrest within a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner are currently removed from the bore and then from the MRI suite, before the delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation, potentially increasing the risk of mortality. This precludes many higher-risk (acute ischemic and acute stroke) patients from undergoing MRI and MRI-guided intervention. An MRI-conditional cardiac defibrillator should enable scanning with defibrillation pads attached and the generator ON, enabling application of defibrillation within the seconds of MRI after a cardiac event...
October 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
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