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sexual disfunction in female

G E Borella, P Borella
The body is the place where the dimensions of space, time, subjectivity and objectivity meet and interact. These dimensions are considered with regard to eating, sleeping and sex within the couple. When a disfunctioning appears in one of these three fundamental aspects, it is, in general, treated alone. Eating, sleeping and sex are, on the contrary, interdependant, and in this perspective, a therapeutical intervention on one of these vital functions can lead to an amelioration of another one of them.
March 20, 2013: Revue Médicale Suisse
Livio Casarini, Elisa Pignatti, Manuela Simoni
Gonadotropins, the action of which is mediated at the level of their gonadal receptors, play a key role in sexual development, reproductive functions and in metabolism. The involvement of the gonadotropins and their receptor genotypes on reproductive function are widely studied. A large number of gonadotropins and their receptors gene polymorphisms are known, but the only one considerable as a clear, absolute genetic marker of reproductive features or disfunctions is the FSHR Asn680Ser polymorphism, since it modulates ovarian response to FSH...
December 2011: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Alessandro Del Rosso, Gianna Pace, Ezio Domenico Di Pierro, Stefano Masciovecchio, Giuseppe Paradiso Galatioto, Carlo Vicentini
INTRODUCTION: Overactive Bladder (OAB) and Urge Urinary Incontinence (UUI) are both debilitating and bothersome conditions. OAB negatively impact on women’s quality of life affecting their own ability and personal relationships. Our aim has been to evaluate how OAB and UUI affect women’s sexual function and the possible role of antimuscarinic drugs in improving their sexual condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2009 to May 2010, 58 women diagnosed with OAB filled in the self-administered questionnaires: Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the short form of Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7)...
July 2011: Urologia
B Marchetti, M C Morale, F Gallo, N Batticane, Z Farinella, M Cioni
The interactions between the nervous, endocrine and immune systems require a complex communication network. The central nervous system (CNS) affects the immune system through endocrine, paracrine and neuronal mechanisms. Evidence that this bidirectional communication plays a vital role in the regulation of physiological homeostatic mechanisms while a disfunction of the neuroendocrineimmune balance favors the susceptibility to a number of diseases is derived largely by animal models but also by an increasing number of clinical studies in different fields, including endocrinology, reproductive physiology, pediatrics, oncology, neurology and psychiatry...
December 1995: Endocrine
Giorgio Pigato, Tommaso Toffanin, Giovanni Ferri, Arianna Di Florio, Valeria Giannunzio, Giulia Ida Perini
UNLABELLED: AIMS. To compare, in a "real world" setting, the efficacy and tolerability of two initial duloxetine starting doses: 30 mg once daily (q.d.) for 1 week, followed by escalation to 60 mg q.d. versus 60 mg q.d. without titolation, evaluating expecially the effects on sexual dysfunction. METHODS: The sample is constituted by outpatients meeting diagnostic criteria for mild-severe (HAMD17 > or =24 and CGI-S > or =4) Major Depressive Episode as defined by DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistic Manual for Mental Disorder, Fourth Edition-Text Revision), based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, MINI)...
November 2009: Rivista di Psichiatria
J C van der Heyden, L P F Janssens, S L S Drop
Investigations were carried out in 2 women of 17 and 18 years with primary amenorrhea, normal external female genitalia and delayed secondary sexual characteristics, for the reasons for delayed puberty. The 17-year-old patient had reduced values of FSH, LH and oestradiol. This disturbance in the hypothalamo-hypophysary axis was caused by hydrocephalus. Menarche occurred following drainage of the fluid. The 18-year-old patient had raised values ofFSH and LH and a lowered oestradiol value. There was therefore a disfunction existing at ovarian level, which appeared to be caused by an XX-gonadal dysgenesis...
July 1, 2006: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Ludomir Ficek, Paweł Miotła, Tomasz Rechberger
AIM: Aim of the study is a review of women's sexual life quality assessment questionnaires available in literature, analysis of their construction, special properties and usability in clinical trials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medline database and accessible literature has been reviewed. Seven questionnaires have been chosen for analysis. Analysis in scope of potential and usability of those questionnaires in clinical tests has been performed. CONCLUSIONS: Suitability of The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and The Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women (BISF-W) have been shown as universal tools for sexual function assessment in clinical trials...
December 2005: Ginekologia Polska
Luciano Janussi Vacanti, Bruno Caramelli
OBJECTIVE: Data on sexual disfunction (SD) after myocardial infarction (MI) are sketchy, especially in our community and in regard to predictors. Both males and females, with active sexual life and no sexual dysfunction prior to MI were evaluated in order to investigate SD incidence after MI, as well as to identify the possible variables associated. METHODS: Forty-three patients were studied consecutively, through structured questionnaires for SD and psychological disorders (PD) diagnosis...
August 2005: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Sheila Assunção, José Jiménez, Nora Pacheco, Fabiola Navarro Marún, Douglas Quintero, Isabel Aspilcueta Flores, Carlos L Pérez Desanti, Arsenio Rosado-Franco, Guillermo Tapia Paniagua, Amado Nieto Caraveo, Sergio Sanchez Cázares, Jaime Aguilar Gasca, Erick Landa Fournais, Joanna Leadbetter
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a 12 months antipsychotic monotherapy treatment with Olanzapine, risperidone and an atypical antipsychotic drug in Latin American patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: The outcomes of effectiveness and tolerability were evaluated in outpatients with schizophrenia belonging to a large sample (N=7658) in a prospective, international trial carried out in 27 countries. The results for the population of Latin America were presented...
July 2005: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Henryk Futyma, Grzegorz Jakiel
This research discusses the issues of erectile disfunction in diabetes, which constitute not only a medical but, what results from its spread, also a social problem. Diabetes as a social disease causes many metabolic disorders, dysfunction of many organs, including erectile dysfunction. Because of the fact that there are so many disorders in organs, people who suffer from diabetes should be especially carefully treated in view of metabolism. Erectile dysfunctions in diabetes have definitely an organic background: connected with vessels, neurologic, endocrinologic and psychological functions...
April 2005: Ginekologia Polska
Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Dominique De Ziegler
Sexual dysfunction is defined as a disturbance in the sexual response cycle or as a pain with sexual intercourse. The prevalence of sexual dysfunctions is approximately 40% in the female population. The disorders affecting sexual desire are the most common sexual dysfunctions encountered in women. Whereas recent studies have demonstrated clear influences of hormones on sexual dysfunctions, no pharmacological treatment has been approved for that indication. We will review here several pharmacological treatment strategies proposed in case of sexual dysfunction, underlying the fact that they are effective only to treat specific cases of sexual disorders but cannot replace the sex therapies...
March 16, 2005: Revue Médicale Suisse
Irene María Elenitza
Psychotropic drugs affect the regulatory mechanisms of different neuroendocrine axis. This chapter reviews the interactions between psychotropic drugs and prolactin, the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Hyperprolactinemia can cause galactorrhea, amenorrhea, sexual disfunction, impaired spermatogenesis and increased risk for osteoporosis and fractures. Atypical antipsychotics cause less hyperprolactinemia than conventional antipsychotics. Lithium has important effects on thyroid function...
January 2005: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
M Szczepkowski
The aim of this paper is to answer the question: do we still need a permanent colostomy and present the quality of life of patients operated on for rectal cancer. A comparative analysis of patients after abdomino-perineal resection of the rectum vs. patients after low anterior resection of the rectum with preservation of sphincters is presented. When assessing the quality of life of patients, the following issues were considered: a) function of the whole organism and general condition (physical function); b) psychological well-being (psychological function); c) professional activity, relations with relatives and friends, leisure activities (social function) and d) intimate relations (sexual function)...
2002: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
S M Neill, C M Ridley
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a skin condition that affects genital and extra genital epithelia in both males and females of all ages and it may occur in association with other autoimmune disease. Currently, the first line effective treatment is an ultra-potent topical corticosteroid. The long-term sequelae of LS include scarring, malignancy, which is rare, and psychosexual disfunction, which is common.
November 2001: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
A Zieba, M Jawor, D Dudek
Disturbances in sexual functioning in patients with endogenous mental disorders are frequently reported. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of sexual disfunctions in patients hospitalised for major depression (unipolar affective disorder). The investigations covered 53 persons remaining in stable partnership. Apart from the assessment of psychological state, depressive symptoms and the course of treatment, we analysed the quality of relations with the partner, sexual satisfaction, willingness to and frequency of sexual intercourse, satisfaction with oneself as a sexual partner...
July 2000: Psychiatria Polska
J Pimentel
Issues linked to epileptic women are being reviewed. Ovarian steroid hormones have a number of effects on the brain that predispose to epileptic activity. In particular, estradiol produces changes in the hippocampus synapses predisposing hyperexcitability associated with seizures. Also, menses and menopause periods, in which there are changing levels of steroid ovarian hormones, are associated with a particular appearing of seizures (catamenial epilepsy) and with phenotypic changes of previous ones. Epilepsy can affect the reproductive system, inducing endocrinal abnormalities (through disruption of cortical regulation of hypothalamus hormone release, and changes in the central nervous system concentration of steroid hormones induced by antiepileptics), infertility (linked to abnormalities in menstrual cycle or to the occurrence of polycytic ovaries, particularly in association with valproate treatment), and sexual disfunction (namely related to physiologic defects)...
May 2000: Current Pharmaceutical Design
E Monteiro, R Perdigoto, A L Furtado
Familiar Amyloid Polyneuropathy (FAP), an autosomal dominant inherited multisystemic disorder was first observed by Corino de Andrade, a Portuguese neurologist, in 1939. This disease of Portuguese origin was probably spread by fishermen, mainly to Sweden and Japan. It is characterized by a progressive peripheral polyneuropathy and autonomic neuropathy (erectile sexual disfunction, gastrointestinal disfunction, bladder dysfunction and cardio vascular disease) and malnutrition. There are neural and systemic amiloid deposits...
September 1998: Hepato-gastroenterology
T G Borovaia, O V Volkova, S B Kosarevich
On the base of the complex of experiments modeling disfunctional states of the thyroid gland were proved the most importance of the thyroid gland hormones in regulation of development and histophysiology of the ovary. There were analyzed possible mechanizmes by with thyroid gland hormones influence on this biological processes and its role in general system of the neurohumoral regulation of sexual function.
January 1996: Uspekhi Fiziologicheskikh Nauk
D Kiełkiewicz, M Medraś, J Rabczyński
A case is presented of a 23-year-old female hospitalized for infertility in whom full Morris syndrome was diagnosed. In the patient apart from testosterone level typical of a sexually mature man, high "castration" LH and FSH values and extreme hyper-estrogen secretion were found in hormonal investigation. In the histopathological pattern of the testicles removed from both inguinal canals numerous adenomas were demonstrated, originating from Sertoli cells and also, to a lesser degree, from Leydig cells. The unusual character of the case results also from complete insensitivity of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal system to circulating oestrogens and androgens (LH and FSH levels were not significantly changed after castration, and the GnRH stimulation test gave similar results before and after the operation)...
December 1993: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
P Balestrazzi, S Bernasconi, F C Medioli, L Corrini, G Villani
Mental retardation and natural sexual development appear to be a more consistent feature in the autosomal rather than in the sex chromosome anomalies. On the contrary the anatomical and functional sexual disfunction characterize the sex chromosome syndromes. An early diagnosis and a better knowledge of the chromosomal abnormalities are important for the social integration and the control of the sexual development and behaviour of this patients.
1980: L'Ateneo Parmense. Acta Bio-medica: Organo Della Società di Medicina e Scienze Naturali di Parma
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