keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psoas

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526385/prevalence-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-loss-and-its-association-with-swallowing-function-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#1
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of skeletal muscle mass loss and its association with swallowing function in patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 65 consecutive patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery who were prescribed speech therapy. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523382/adult-spinal-deformity-effectiveness-of-interbody-lordotic-cages-to-restore-disc-angle-and-spino-pelvic-parameters-through-completely-mini-invasive-trans-psoas-and-hybrid-approach
#2
Giuseppe Barone, Laura Scaramuzzo, Antonino Zagra, Fabrizio Giudici, Andrea Perna, Luca Proietti
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to assess and quantify the effectiveness of interbody lordotic cages applied by trans-psoas approach to improve radiographic parameters, showing the differences between completely mini-invasive and hybrid approach. METHODS: We collected data of 65 patients affected by degenerative lumbar deformity/diseases and underwent mini-invasive lateral interbody fusion followed by percutaneous (group A, completely mini-invasive) or open (group B, hybrid) posterior instrumentation...
May 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513088/psoas-muscle-area-is-not-representative-of-total-skeletal-muscle-area-in-the-assessment-of-sarcopenia-in-ovarian-cancer
#3
Iris J G Rutten, Jorne Ubachs, Roy F P M Kruitwagen, Regina G H Beets-Tan, Steven W M Olde Damink, Toon Van Gorp
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography measurements of total skeletal muscle area can detect changes and predict overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. This study investigates whether assessment of psoas muscle area reflects total muscle area and can be used to assess sarcopenia in ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (n = 150) treated with induction chemotherapy and interval debulking were enrolled retrospectively in this longitudinal study...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501129/loss-of-muscle-mass-a-significant-predictor-of-postoperative-complications-in-acute-diverticulitis
#4
Kazuhide Matsushima, Kenji Inaba, Vidhi Jhaveri, Vincent Cheng, Keith Herr, Stefano Siboni, Aaron Strumwasser, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Severe muscle mass depletion, sarcopenia, has been shown to be associated with poor operative outcomes. However, its impact on emergency abdominal operations remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between low muscle mass (LMM) and outcomes after emergency operations for acute diverticulitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients ≥18 y requiring an emergency operation for acute diverticulitis between January 2007 and September 2014 were included...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497065/a-low-psoas-muscle-index-before-treatment-can-predict-a-poorer-prognosis-in-advanced-bladder-cancer-patients-who-receive-gemcitabine-and-nedaplatin-therapy
#5
Ryo Kasahara, Takashi Kawahara, Shinji Ohtake, Yoko Saitoh, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Noboru Nakaigawa, Masahiro Yao, Kazuki Kobayashi, Hiroji Uemura
Introduction. Gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) is a gold-standard first-line systemic chemotherapy for advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). However, it may cause severe adverse effects such as renal toxicity, gastrointestinal toxicity, and neurotoxicity. Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass. A correlation between sarcopenia and the oncological prognosis has been reported. In UC, several studies have noted that patients with sarcopenia had a greater incidence of complications and worse survival after radical cystectomy or chemotherapy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489785/effect-of-psoas-muscle-mass-after-endoscopic-therapy-for-patients-with-esophageal-varices
#6
Hiroki Nishikawa, Yukihisa Yuri, Hirayuki Enomoto, Akio Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Yuho Miyamoto, Noriko Ishii, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Takashi Nishimura, Kazunori Yoh, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Ryo Takata, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
We aimed to investigate the impact of decrease of muscle mass on survival after eradication of esophageal varices (EVs) treated by endoscopic therapies as a primary prophylaxis in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). In all, 177 LC individuals with EVs undergoing endoscopic therapies were analyzed. We retrospectively examined the impact of muscle mass decrease as determined by psoas muscle mass (PMM) at the third lumber on computed tomography (depletion of PMM [DPMM]) on survival as compared with serum sodium combined Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD-Na)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489769/retroperitoneal-metastatic-poorly-differentiated-carcinoma-with-%C3%AE-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-secretion-presenting-as-a-psoas-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Bingjin Wang, Weifang Liu, Zengwu Shao, Xianlin Zeng
RATIONALE: Psoas abscesses generally arise from a contiguous intra-abdominal or pelvic infectious process or hematogenous spreading of bacteria. The serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin has been used to detect normal or ectopic pregnancy. It also can be utilized in following up carcinomas. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we reported a case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with a left psoas mass presumptively diagnosed as an abscess secondary to lumbar tuberculosis In addition, the patient had abnormal increase of β-human chorionic gonadotropin...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466104/imaging-evaluation-of-the-hip-after-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#8
REVIEW
Julia Crim
Arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is increasingly frequently performed. Initial reports were that complications were very low, but as experience has increased, a number of long-term complications, in addition to factors related to poor clinical outcomes, have been identified. This review describes the normal and abnormal postoperative imaging appearance of the hip after arthroscopy for FAI. Abnormalities discussed include incomplete resection or over-resection of the impingement lesion, heterotopic ossification, cartilage damage, chondrolysis, instability and dislocation, recurrent labral tear, adhesions, psoas atrophy, infection, and avascular necrosis...
May 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462759/reduced-protein-diets-increase-intramuscular-fat-of-psoas-major-a-red-muscle-in-lean-and-fatty-pig-genotypes
#9
M S Madeira, P A Lopes, P Costa, D Coelho, C M Alfaia, J A M Prates
The present study aims to assess the effects of pig's genotype (lean v. fatty) and dietary protein level (control v. reduced) on intramuscular fat (IMF) content, fatty acid composition and fibre profile of psoas major, a representative red muscle in pig's carcass scarcely studied relative to white longissimus lumborum. The experiment was conducted on 40 intact male pigs (20 Alentejana purebred and 20 Large White×Landrace×Pietrain crossbred) from 60 to 93 kg of live weight. Pigs were divided and allocated to four dietary groups: control protein diet equilibrated for lysine (17...
May 2, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456736/endoscope-assisted-extreme-lateral-interbody-fusion-xlif-preliminary-experience-and-technical-note
#10
Claudio Schonauer, Martin Nikolaus Stienen, Oliver Pascal Gautschi, Karl Schaller, Enrico Tessitore
BACKGROUND: The XLIF technique is safe and effective. The deep and tight surgical corridor, however, makes visual identification of important landmark structures as well as sufficient endplate and contralateral preparation challenging. The present analysis aims to assess the safety and feasibility of endoscope-assisted (EA-) extreme lateral lumbar interbody fusion (XLIF) procedures. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study on consecutive patients undergoing XLIF procedures between 02/2014 and 07/2016...
April 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434808/-psoas-abscess-secondary-to-perforated-acute-diverticulitis
#11
A García-Morán, M T Campoamor-Serrano, B de la Fuente-García, G Viejo-Guerra, R Fernández-Regueiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433070/effects-of-nicorandil-on-renal-function-and-histopathology-in-rats-with-partial-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction
#12
Hayrettin Ozturk, Tulin Firat, Buket Kin Tekce, Fahri Yilmaz, Hulya Ozturk
To evaluate the effects of nicorandil in a rat kidney model of partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (PUUO). Thirty male rats were randomly divided into three groups as follows: (1) Group 1 (Sham-control), ureters of the rats were manipulated but not ligated; (2) Group 2 (PUUO-untreated), PUUO was performed with two-thirds of the left ureter embedded in the psoas muscle; and (3) Group 3 (PUUO-nicorandil treated). After PUUO was established, nicorandil (15 mg/kg/day) was administered by gastric lavage for 21 days to determine its effects on PUUO-induced histopathological-, functional-, and oxidative stress-induced changes...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404199/bowel-function-after-laparoscopic-posterior-sutured-rectopexy-versus-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-for-rectal-prolapse-a-double-blind-randomised-single-centre-study
#13
Lilli Lundby, Lene H Iversen, Steen Buntzen, Pål Wara, Katrine Høyer, Søren Laurberg
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy for rectal prolapse has been widely used over the past decade to reduce postoperative functional bowel disorders. We aimed to compare changes in functional outcome 12 months after laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy versus laparoscopic posterior sutured rectopexy in patients with rectal prolapse. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomised trial, consecutive patients aged 18 years or older at a single centre in Denmark with full-thickness rectal prolapse were randomly assigned (1:1) to either laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy or laparoscopic posterior sutured rectopexy by drawing numbers from opaque envelopes, in blocks of four for patients with or without preoperative constipation...
December 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383432/atypical-spinal-tuberculosis-involved-noncontiguous-multiple-segments-case-series-report-with-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Lin-Nan Wang, Lei Wang, Li-Min Liu, Yue-Ming Song, Yue Li, Hao Liu
In its typical form, spinal tuberculosis (TB) presents as destroyed contiguous vertebral bodies with involvement of intervertebral discs and paravertebral or psoas abscesses. Atypical forms are uncommonly reported. Here, we describe 8 patients with noncontiguous multisegmental spinal TB with no intervertebral disc involvement. From 2013 to 2014, we surgically treated 384 patients with spinal TB to relieve spinal cord compression, re-establish spinal stability, confirm the diagnosis, and debride the TB foci...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379730/paraspinal-edema-is-the-most-sensitive-feature-of-lumbar-spinal-epidural-abscess-on-unenhanced-mri
#15
Anna Shifrin, Qin Lu, Michael H Lev, Timothy M Meehan, Ranliang Hu
OBJECTIVE: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a serious infection requiring prompt treatment and potential neurosurgical intervention. Although contrast-enhanced spine MRI is the mainstay for diagnosis of SEA, unenhanced MRI is typically performed for patients with nonspecific symptoms or insufficient clinical information. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of imaging features suggestive of SEA at unenhanced spine MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched our database for contrast-enhanced lumbar spine MRI examinations from January 1, 2000, through August 1, 2014, with "epidural abscess" in the report...
April 5, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375661/pain-management-of-malignant-psoas-syndrome-under-epidural-analgesia-during-palliative-radiotherapy
#16
Takayo Ota, Masaru Makihara, Hiroshi Tsukuda, Ryuji Kajikawa, Masayuki Inamori, Nozomi Miyatake, Noriko Tanaka, Masahiro Tokunaga, Yoshikazu Hasegawa, Takuhito Tada, Masahiro Fukuoka
Malignant psoas syndrome is a rare malignant condition presenting as lumbosacral plexopathy and painful fixed flexion of the hip. Metastasis to the psoas muscle is observed, which damages the nerve bundles in the lumbosacral plexuses. The syndrome presents as refractory lower back pain with several other neurological symptoms. The pain is difficult to control because it is a mixture of nociceptive and neuropathic pain, which indicates that treatment requires a versatile approach. The authors report a case of severe back pain caused by metastasis to the psoas muscle of advanced gastric cancer in a patient who underwent palliative radiotherapy under epidural analgesia...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372243/comparative-proteomics-to-reveal-muscle-specific-beef-color-stability-of-holstein-cattle-during-post-mortem-storage
#17
Qianqian Yu, Wei Wu, Xiaojing Tian, Fei Jia, Lei Xu, Ruitong Dai, Xingmin Li
Label-free strategy was applied to elucidate muscle-specific beef (M. longissimuss lumborum (LL) and M. psoas major (PM)) color stability of Holstein cattle during post-mortem storage at 4°C±1°C. LL showed greater (p<0.05) redness (a(∗)) value than PM at day 4 and 9 storage, while the proportion of metmyoglobin in PM exhibited a greater increase than in LL muscle. Furthermore, an overabundance of proteins with the functions of antioxidation, protection, and repair in LL were conducive to its color stability, whereas the overabundant proteins/subunits involved in tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) in PM indicated greater oxidative metabolism and degradation of ETC complexes, resulting in poor color stability...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369482/impact-of-sarcopenia-on-the-outcomes-of-elective-total-arch-replacement-in-the-elderly%C3%A2
#18
Yuki Ikeno, Yutaka Koide, Noriyuki Abe, Takashi Matsueda, Naoto Izawa, Takahiro Yamazato, Shunsuke Miyahara, Yoshikatsu Nomura, Shunsuke Sato, Hiroaki Takahashi, Takeshi Inoue, Masamichi Matsumori, Hiroshi Tanaka, Satoshi Ishihara, Shinichi Nakayama, Koji Sugimoto, Yutaka Okita
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the cut-off value of sarcopenia based on the psoas muscle area index and evaluate early and late outcomes following elective total arch replacement in the elderly. METHODS: Sarcopenia was assessed by the psoas muscle area index [defined as the psoas muscle area at the L3 level on computed tomography (cm 2 )/body surface area (m 2 )]. The cut-off value for sarcopenia was defined as > 2 standard deviations below the mean psoas muscle area index value obtained from 464 normal control patients...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366222/infections-of-the-spine
#19
REVIEW
Maja Babic, Claus S Simpfendorfer
Pyogenic infections of the bony spinal column and the intervertebral discs are on a steady rise in an aging western population. Despite advanced medical imaging, this clinical entity of devastating consequences if missed, still presents a diagnostic conundrum and is plagued by an unacceptably long diagnostic delay. The aim of this article is to raise awareness of the heterogeneity of spinal infections paralleling the complex structure of the spinal column and neighboring soft tissues. Emphasis is placed on the clinical presentation and management of septic facet joints and psoas muscle abscesses associated with lumbar spondylodiscitis...
June 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365495/relationship-of-the-lumbar-plexus-branches-to-the-lumbar-spine-anatomical-study-with-application-to-lateral-approaches
#20
Richard Isaiah Tubbs, Brandon Gabel, Shiveindra Jeyamohan, Marc Moisi, Jens R Chapman, R David Hanscom, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, Richard Shane Tubbs
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Injuries to the lumbar plexus during lateral approaches to the spine are not uncommon and may result in permanent deficits. However, the literature contains few studies that provide landmarks for avoiding the branches of the lumbar plexus. PURPOSE: The present anatomical study was performed to elucidate the course of these nerves in relation to lateral approaches to the lumbar spine. STUDY DESIGN: This is a quantitative anatomical cadaveric study...
March 30, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
keyword
keyword
67124
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"