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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786877/morphomic-malnutrition-score-a-standardized-screening-tool-for-severe-malnutrition-in-adults
#1
Christopher Lee, Erica Raymond, Brian A Derstine, Joshua M Glazer, Rebecca Goulson, Avinash Rajasekaran, Jill Cherry-Bukowiec, Grace L Su, Stewart C Wang
BACKGROUND: Granular diagnostic criteria for adult malnutrition are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study uses analytic morphomics to define the Morphomic Malnutrition Score (MMS), a robust screening tool for severe malnutrition. METHODS: The study population (n = 643) consisted of 2 cohorts: 1) 124 emergency department patients diagnosed with severe malnutrition by a registered dietitian (RD) and an available computed tomography (CT) scan within 2 days of RD evaluation, and 2) 519 adult kidney donor candidates to represent a healthy cohort...
May 22, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779799/impact-of-low-skeletal-muscle-mass-on-non-lung-cancer-mortality-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Yukinori Matsuo, Takamasa Mitsuyoshi, Takashi Shintani, Yusuke Iizuka, Takashi Mizowaki
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate impact of pre-treatment skeletal muscle mass (SMM) on overall survival and non-lung cancer mortality after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: One-hundred and eighty-six patients whose abdominal CT before the treatment was available were enrolled into this study. The patients were divided into two groups of SMM according to gender-specific thresholds for unilateral psoas area...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779314/-impact-of-psoas-muscle-index-on-early-postoperative-mortality-and-complications-after-liver-transplantation
#3
J C Hou, H Zheng, Z Qiang, Y M Zhang, W T Jiang, W Gao, J Z Cai, J J Zhang, Z Y Shen
Objective: To investigate the relationship between psoas muscle index (PMI) and early postoperative survival rate and the incidence of complications after liver transplantation in adults. Methods: The clinical data of 225 patients (male, n =184; female, n =41) underwent liver transplantation at the Organ Transplantation Department of First Central Clinic Institute of Tianjin Medical University from January 2014 to December 2016 were analyzed, retrospectively.Original disease: hepatitis B liver cirrhosis(44 cases), hepatitis C cirrhosis(10 cases), autoimmune liver cirrhosis(29 cases), other benign liver diseases(24 cases), liver cirrhosis with liver cancer(116 cases), hilar cholangiocarcinoma(1 case) and hepatic vascular sarcoma(1 case)...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772368/volumetric-muscle-measurements-indicate-significant-muscle-degeneration-in-single-level-disc-herniation-patients
#4
Kaan Yaltırık, Burhan Oral Güdü, Yüksel Işık, Çiğdem Altunok, Ufuk Tipi, Başar Atalay
INTRODUCTION: There is a strong relationship between lower back pain and paraspinal muscle atrophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of lumbar paravertebral muscle atrophy in patients with and without single level disc herniation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 110 retrospectively analyzed patients in this study were divided into two groups. Group A included 55 patients with radiologically confirmed single level disc herniation with back pain and radiculopathy...
May 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761898/clinical-impact-of-muscle-quantity-and-quality-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#5
Yoshinaga Okugawa, Yuji Toiyama, Akira Yamamoto, Tsunehiko Shigemori, Chengzeng Yin, Aya Narumi, Yusuke Omura, Shozo Ide, Takahito Kitajima, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Hiromi Yasuda, Junichiro Hiro, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Toshimitsu Araki, Donald C McMillan, Chikao Miki, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of skeletal muscle mass, accompanied by decreased muscle strength, and consists of myopenia and myosteatosis. Recent evidence has suggested the predictive value of sarcopenia for the risk of perioperative and oncological outcomes in various malignancies. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical impact of myopenia and myosteatosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: We analyzed the preoperative psoas muscle mass index and intramuscular adipose tissue content using preoperative computed tomography images from 308 CRC patients using statistical methods...
May 15, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758569/relation-between-iliopsoas-cross-sectional-area-and-kicked-ball-speed-in-soccer-players
#6
Taku Wakahara, Manabu Chiba
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the maximal anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) of the iliopsoas muscle and ball speed in side-foot and instep kicks. The ACSA of the psoas major and iliacus was measured in 29 male collegiate soccer players by using magnetic resonance imaging. They performed maximal side-foot and instep kicks to a stationary ball. The kicked ball speed was measured with a high-speed camera. Ball speed in the side-foot and instep kicks was significantly correlated with body height (side-foot kick: r=0...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751180/radiographic-study-of-lumbar-sympathetic-trunk-in-the-oblique-lateral-interbody-fusion-surgery
#7
Hongli Wang, Yuxuan Zhang, Xiaosheng Ma, Xinlei Xia, Feizhou Lu, Jianyuan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) surgery provides a convenient and minimal access to the lesion disc with few complications, however, the left lumbar sympathetic trunk (LST) lies in the surgical field with an certain incidence of injury. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical structures of the left LST at risk for injury during oblique lateral interbody fusion at different lumbar segment levels based on radiological evaluations. METHODS: 44 healthy young people (22 males and 22 females) were recruited and routine lumbar MR radiograph were performed...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751134/sarcopenia-in-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-effect-on-postoperative-outcomes
#8
Ryota Nakamura, Yoshihisa Inage, Rika Tobita, Satoshi Yoneyama, Takeshi Numata, Kyoko Ota, Hidetoshi Yanai, Takeo Endo, Yukinori Inadome, Shingo Sakashita, Hiroaki Satoh, Kenji Yuzawa, Toru Terashima
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle depletion, referred to as sarcopenia, has recently been identified as a risk factor for poor outcomes in various malignancies. However, the prognostic significance of sarcopenia in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following surgery has not been adequately determined. This study investigated the impact of sarcopenia in patients undergoing pulmonary resection for lung cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of 328 patients with pathologically confirmed NSCLC who underwent curative resection between January 2005 and April 2017...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745763/influences-of-clinical-experience-in-the-quantification-of-morphometric-sarcopaenia-a-cohort-study
#9
Mohammed A Waduud, Michael Drozd, Emma Linton, Benjamin Wood, James Manning, Marc A Bailey, Christopher Hammond, Julian A Scott
OBJECTIVE: The measurement of total psoas muscle area (TPMA) on Computed Tomography (CT) imaging is commonly made using either manual tracing or a semi-automated technique. We examined whether clinical experience influenced measurement of TPMA when utilising these two commonly used methods and describe the relationship between techniques. METHODS: Pre-operative cross-sectional CT imaging of 114 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR were analysed. Retrospective measurements of the TPMA were performed by four independent investigators with a range of clinical experience (medical student to specialist surgical registrar) using either technique...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740069/sarcopenia-as-a-predictor-of-post-transplant-tumor-recurrence-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-beyond-the-milan-criteria
#10
Young Ri Kim, Sukhee Park, Sangbin Han, Joong Hyun Ahn, Seonwoo Kim, Dong Hyun Sinn, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Justin S Ko, Mi Sook Gwak, Gaab Soo Kim
To evaluate the association between sarcopenia and tumor recurrence after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we analyzed 92 males who underwent LDLT for treating HCC beyond the Milan criteria. Sarcopenia was defined when the height-normalized psoas muscle thickness was <15.5 mm/m at the L3 vertebra level on computed tomography based on an optimum stratification method using the Gray's test statistic. Survival analysis was performed with death as a competing risk event...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739009/muscle-mass-depletion-associated-with-poor-outcome-of-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department
#11
YoonJe Lee, Hyun Kyung Park, Won Young Kim, Myung Chun Kim, Woong Jung, Byuk Sung Ko
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Muscle mass depletion has been suggested to predict morbidity and mortality in various diseases. However, it is not well known whether muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcome in sepsis. We hypothesized that muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcome in sepsis. METHODS: Retrospective observational study was conducted in an emergency department during a 9-year period. Medical records of 627 patients with sepsis were reviewed...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713416/relationship-between-displacement-of-the-psoas-major-muscle-and-spinal-alignment-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#12
Yoshiaki Oda, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Ryo Ugawa, Yasuyuki Shiozaki, Haruo Misawa, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Masato Tanaka, Toshifumi Ozaki
Study Design: Cross sectional study. Purpose: To clarify the difference in position of the psoas muscle between adult spinal deformity (ASD) and lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Overview of Literature: Although it is known that the psoas major muscle deviates in ASD patients, no report is available regarding the difference in comparison with LSS patients. Methods: This study investigates 39 patients. For evaluating spinal alignment, pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope, lumbar lordosis (LL), PI-LL, Cobb angle, and the convex side, the lumbar curves were measured...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707557/prepsoas-oblique-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-in-deformity-surgery
#13
Catherine Miller, Puneet Gulati, Deepak Bandlish, Dean Chou, Praveen V Mummaneni
Interbody fusions are routinely used in deformity surgery to achieve both coronal and sagittal correction and attain increased fusion rates. Minimally invasive interbody techniques, including the prepsoas approach, are being utilized to decrease tissue disruption, blood loss, and patient morbidity with similar outcomes compared to traditional surgery. The prepsoas oblique lateral interbody fusion, accesses the spine between the iliac arteries or aorta and psoas muscle, and allows for exposure of the lumbar spine while avoiding some complications commonly seen with a direct lateral approach...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707553/minimally-invasive-anterior-lateral-and-oblique-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
David S Xu, Corey T Walker, Jakub Godzik, Jay D Turner, William Smith, Juan S Uribe
Lumbar interbody fusion involves insertion of a structural graft into an intervertebral disc space to promote bony arthrodesis. It is a well-established surgical strategy for multiple spinal disorders ranging from degenerative conditions to trauma, neoplastic diseases, and deformities requiring correction. Since the inception of lumbar interbody fusion, the most established techniques have been two posterior approaches, the posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and the transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707550/complications-on-minimally-invasive-oblique-lumbar-interbody-fusion-at-l2-l5-levels-a-review-of-the-literature-and-surgical-strategies
#15
REVIEW
Javier Quillo-Olvera, Guang-Xun Lin, Hyun-Jin Jo, Jin-Sung Kim
Fusion is the cornerstone in the treatment of an unstable degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Various techniques have been developed. Amongst these techniques exists the oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF), which is the ante-psoas approach. Adequate restoration of disc height with large cages placed in the intervertebral space, indirect decompression, and correction of sagittal and coronal alignment can be achieved with OLIF procedure with the advantage of minimal risk for the psoas muscle and lumbar plexus...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706058/clinical-usefulness-of-psoas-muscle-thickness-for-the-diagnosis-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#16
Dae Hoe Gu, Moon Young Kim, Yeon Seok Seo, Sang Gyune Kim, Han Ah Lee, Tae Hyung Kim, Young Kul Jung, Altay Kandemir, Ji Hoon Kim, Hyunggin An, Hyung Joon Yim, Jong Eun Yeon, Kwan Soo Byun, Soon Ho Um
Background/Aims: The most widely used method for diagnosing sarcopenia is the skeletal muscle index (SMI). Several studies have suggested that psoas muscle thickness per height (PMTH) is also effective for detecting sarcopenia and predicting prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the optimal cutoff values of PMTH for detecting sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. Methods: All cirrhotic patients who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan including L3 and umbilical levels for measuring SMI and transverse psoas muscle thickness, respectively, were included...
April 30, 2018: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703441/usefulness-of-psoas-muscle-area-and-volume-and-frailty-scoring-to-predict-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#17
Pawel Kleczynski, Tomasz Tokarek, Artur Dziewierz, Danuta Sorysz, Maciej Bagienski, Lukasz Rzeszutko, Dariusz Dudek
Numerous scales were implemented for frailty assessment. However, limited evidence and recommendations for frailty tools for everyday clinical practice in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) exist. Thus, we aimed to determine the long-term predictive value of different frailty scores and objective assessment of sarcopenia by imaging techniques in patients after TAVI. Frailty indexes according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) recommendations, as well as other available scales of frailty, were assessed at baseline...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691621/clinical-impact-of-preoperative-sarcopenia-on-the-postoperative-outcomes-after-pancreas-transplantation
#18
Yasunari Fukuda, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Kazuki Sasaki, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Takehiro Noda, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Toshinori Ito, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: The importance of evaluating sarcopenia is increasingly being recognized in the field of transplantation because sarcopenia can have an adverse effect on the treatment outcomes. However, the clinical significance of preoperative sarcopenia on the postoperative outcomes following pancreas transplantation (PTx) has been largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of preoperative sarcopenia in predicting the postoperative outcomes following PTx in recipients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D)...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678684/psoas-abscess-associated-to-pubic-symphysis-osteomyelitis
#19
F Garcia-Prieto, A Casillas-Villamor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676869/-coexistence-of-a-disc-herniation-and-psoas-hematoma-revealed-by-l3-deficiency
#20
J S Bemora, M Labidi, P Marijon, S Bouazza, N Aldahak, S Froelich
Radiculopathy is a constellation of symptoms secondary to a pathology affecting the nerve root, the most frequent cause of which is a herniated intervertebral disc. We report a case of a 58-year-old man under anticoagulant admitted to the neurosurgery department of Lariboisière hospital (Paris) for an L3 motor deficit that occurred progressively over a period of 24 hours with an L3-L4 disc herniation on the MRI. However, a psoas hematoma was also noted. Biological assessments revealed a hemostasis disorder...
April 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
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