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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730241/muscle-metastases-from-cervical-carcinoma-case-report
#1
Dana Maria Albulescu, Nina Ionovici, HoraŢiu Remus Moldovan, Alin Dragoş Demetrian, Violeta Serenada Bălă, Cristian Constantin, Ana Maria Bumbea, Camelia Pănuş, Valeria Carmen Albu
Muscular metastases are rarely found in medical practice, and the reported cases in literature are not numerous. The diagnosis of these lesions involves an interdisciplinary collaboration. We present a case of secondary determination in the psoas muscle, with a starting point of cervical squamous carcinoma. In establishing the diagnosis, there contributed the clinical, imagistic and magnetic resonance evaluation and computed tomography (CT), the histopathological diagnosis being determined after the CT-guided biopsy puncture...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728382/effects-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-and-its-extraction-on-muscle-fiber-characteristics-in-finishing-pigs-porcine-cell-proliferation-and-isoforms-of-myosin-heavy-chain-gene-expression-in-myocytes
#2
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Xiao Jun He, Fan Wu, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zou
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula (TCMF) on muscle fiber characteristics in finishing pigs and the effects of the formula's extract (distilled water, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extraction) on porcine cell proliferation and isoforms of MyHC gene expression in myocytes. Methods: XThe psoas major muscle was obtained from pigs at the end of the experiment. Muscle fiber characteristics in the psoas major muscle were analyzed using myosin ATPase staining...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726081/psoas-muscle-volume-as-a-predictor-of-peripheral-neurotoxicity-induced-by-primary-chemotherapy-in-ovarian-cancers
#3
Tomoyuki Yoshikawa, Masashi Takano, Morikazu Miyamoto, Isao Yajima, Yukihiro Shimizu, Yusuke Aizawa, Yuki Suguchi, Miki Moriiwa, Tadashi Aoyama, Hiroaki Soyama, Tomoko Goto, Junko Hirata, Ayako Suzuki, Hidenori Sasa, Isao Nagaoka, Hitoshi Tsuda, Kenichi Furuya
PURPOSE: Low skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) has been reported to have an influence on survival and toxicities of chemotherapy in several solid tumors. The impact of sarcopenia on the treatment of ovarian cancers has not been determined. The present study aimed to evaluate correlation between sarcopenia and toxicities of chemotherapy in ovarian cancers. METHODS: Medical charts of the ovarian cancer patients that received chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin at our hospital between 2010 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724597/multifocal-septic-arthritis-gluteal-abscess-and-spondylodiscitis-by-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-after-an-intramuscular-injection
#4
Rita Marques Pocinho, Liliana Antunes, Pedro Pires, Isabel Baptista
We present the case of a 63-year-old man, admitted for hand cellulitis and acute kidney injury. A Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp equisimilis (SDSE) was isolated in blood cultures and despite directed intravenous antibiotherapy, the patient evolved unfavourably, with dorsolumbar spondylodiscitis, multifocal septic arthritis and abscesses. CT also showed densification of the gluteal muscles, multiple air bubbles in the psoas, paraspinal muscles and spinal canal that were associated with an intramuscular injection administered 1 week earlier for a backache...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723466/clinical-case-discussion-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-psoas-abscess-as-a-complication-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillations
#5
A C Witjens, J A Witjes
After an infectious complication caused by bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), consider a dose reduction. Treatment of a mycotic aneurysm with an endostent seems safe; however, continuation of BCG after mycotic aneurysm treatment is not advised.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723465/case-presentation-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-psoas-abscess-as-a-complication-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillations
#6
R Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Willem Wisselink
To prevent life-threatening aortic ruptures, it is important that primary care physicians and urologists are aware of the symptoms of a mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm, even several months or years after bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720750/tuberculous-psoas-abscess-and-worsening-vascular-aneurysm-all-from-bacillus-calmette-guerin-bcg-therapy
#7
Emmanuel Okon, Janelle Stearns, Arun Kumar Durgam
BACKGROUND Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is used in the treatment and prophylaxis of carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder and for the prophylaxis of primary or recurrent stage Ta and T1 papillary tumors following transurethral resection. Significant systemic complications are rare but have been reported. CASE REPORT We describe this case of Mycobacterium bovis psoas abscess and worsening abdominal aortic aneurysm following BCG therapy for bladder cancer. A 76-year-old male presented with a fever of a few days...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709979/reconstruction-after-ureteral-resection-during-hipec-surgery-re-implantation-with-uretero-neocystostomy-seems-safer-than-end-to-end-anastomosis
#8
U Pinar, J-F Tremblay, G Passot, M Dazza, O Glehen, J-J Tuech, M Pocard
INTRODUCTION: Resection of the pelvic ureter may be necessary in cytoreductive surgery for peritoneal carcinomatosis in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). As the morbidity for cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC has decreased, expert teams have begun to perform increasingly complex surgical procedures associated with HIPEC, including pelvic reconstructions. After ureteral resection, two types of reconstruction are possible: uretero-ureteral end-to-end anastomosis and uretero-vesical re-implantation or uretero-neocystostomy (the so-called psoas hitch technique)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709946/frailty-and-sarcopenia-do-not-predict-adverse-events-in-an-elderly-population-undergoing-non-complex-primary-elective-surgery-for-degenerative-conditions-of-the-lumbar-spine
#9
Raphaële Charest-Morin, John Street, Honglin Zhang, Taren Roughead, Tamir Ailon, Michael Boyd, Marcel Dvorak, Brian Kwon, Scott Paquette, Nicolas Dea, Charles G Fisher, Alana M Flexman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sarcopenia measured by normalized total psoas area (NTPA) has been shown to predict mortality and adverse events (AE) in numerous surgical populations. The relationship between sarcopenia and postoperative outcomes after surgery for degenerative spine disease (DSD) has not been investigated. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationships between sarcopenia, frailty and postoperative adverse events in the elderly DSD population. Secondary objectives were to describe the distribution and predictors of NTPA and to determine the relationship between sarcopenia, frailty and length of stay, discharge to a facility and in-hospital mortality...
July 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700223/metabolomics-profiling-to-determine-the-effect-of-postmortem-aging-on-color-and-lipid-oxidative-stabilities-of-different-bovine-muscles
#10
Danyi Ma, Yuan H Brad Kim, Bruce R Cooper, Ji-Hwan Oh, Hyonho Chun, Juhui Choe, J P Schoonmaker, Kolapo Matthew Ajuwon, Byungrok Min
The objective of this study was to identify the metabolites that could be associated with oxidative stability of aged bovine muscles. Three muscles (longissimus lumbrum (LL), semimembranosus (SM), and psoas major (PM)) from 7 beef carcasses at 1 day postmortem were divided into three sections and assigned to three aging periods (9, 16 and 23 days). While an increase in discoloration was found in all muscles with aging, LL was the most color/lipid oxidative stable, followed by SM and PM (P < 0.05). Lower myoglobin and non-heme iron contents were observed in LL compared to SM and PM (P < 0...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698963/change-in-fatty-infiltration-of-lumbar-multifidus-erector-spinae-and-psoas-muscles-in-asymptomatic-adults-of-asian-or-caucasian-ethnicities
#11
Rebecca J Crawford, James M Elliott, Thomas Volken
PURPOSE: Fatty infiltration (FI) is a feature of degenerating muscle that predominates in the low lumbar spine, associates with pain, and is confounded by age, spinal degeneration, and curvature. We determined rates for decline of lumbar muscle quality according to ethnicity, muscle, and spinal level in asymptomatic subjects. METHODS: Cross-sectional simulation study assessing aggregated data; 650 Asians aged 20-89 years versus 80 Caucasians aged 20-62 years. Change in lumbar multifidus, erector spinae (ES), and psoas fat content were computed using synthetic data and Monte Carlo simulations...
July 11, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690946/a-rare-case-of-double-headed-psoas-minor-muscle-with-review-of-its-known-variants
#12
Matthew Protas, Vlad Voin, Joy Mh Wang, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
Variations of the muscles of humans are important to remember for those who interpret imaging and for those who operate near these anomalies. Herein, we describe a rare two-headed psoas minor muscle found incidentally during dissection of the posterior abdominal wall. This case is presented with a detailed review of all known variations of the minor psoas and is analyzed through a literature review.
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675689/psoas-as-a-sentinel-muscle-for-sarcopenia-a-flawed-premise
#13
EDITORIAL
Vickie E Baracos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670404/role-of-anatomical-landmarks-in-identifying-normal-and-transitional-vertebra-in-lumbar-spine-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Devimeenal Jagannathan, Venkatraman Indiran, Fouzal Hithaya, M Alamelu, S Padmanaban
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: Identification of transitional vertebra is important in spine imaging, especially in presurgical planning. Pasted images of the whole spine obtained using high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are helpful in counting vertebrae and identifying transitional vertebrae. Counting vertebrae and identifying transitional vertebrae is challenging in isolated studies of lumbar spine and in studies conducted in low-field MRI...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665444/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-dysphagia-in-cancer-patients-who-require-rehabilitation
#15
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sarcopaenia and the association between sarcopaenia, activities of daily living, and dysphagia in cancer patients who require rehabilitation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 83 consecutive cancer patients referred to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Skeletal muscle index was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared. Sarcopaenia was diagnosed using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658039/radiographic-analysis-of-psoas-morphology-and-its-association-with-neurovascular-structures-at-l4-5-with-reference-to-lateral-approaches
#16
Philip K Louie, Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Alem Yacob, Kelly H Yom, Frank M Phillips, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective imaging review. OBJECTIVE: Utilize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to expand the anatomical description of psoas morphology and its association with neurovascular structures at L4-5. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Anatomical psoas muscle variants may present a greater risk of neurovascular injury at the L4-5 level during lateral transpsoas approaches. METHODS: Axial L4-5 sections of consecutive patients who obtained lumbar MRIs were analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650196/effects-of-circadian-cortisol-on-the-development-of-a-health-habit
#17
Marion Fournier, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Carole Rovere, Christopher S Easthope, Lars Schwabe, Jonathan El Methni, Rémi Radel
OBJECTIVE: Given the impact of individuals' habits on health, it is important to study how behaviors can become habitual. Cortisol has been well documented to have a role in habit formation. This study aimed to elucidate the influence of the circadian rhythm of cortisol on habit formation in a real-life setting. METHOD: Forty-eight students were followed for 90 days during which they attempted to adopt a health behavior (psoas iliac stretch). They were randomly assigned to perform the stretch either upon waking in the morning, when cortisol concentrations are high, or before evening bedtime, when cortisol levels approach the nadir...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649793/characteristics-of-acute-groin-injuries-in-the-hip-flexor-muscles-a-detailed-mri-study-in-athletes
#18
Andreas Serner, Adam Weir, Johannes L Tol, Kristian Thorborg, Frank Roemer, Ali Guermazi, Eduardo Yamashiro, Per Hölmich
Hip flexor injuries account for one third of acute groin injuries; however, little is known about specific injury characteristics. The aims of this study was to describe acute hip flexor injuries using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in athletes with acute groin pain, and to compare specific muscle injuries with reported injury situations. Male athletes with acute groin pain were prospectively and consecutively included during 3 sports seasons. MRI was performed within 7 days of injury using a standardized protocol and a reliable assessment approach...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647740/integrative-assessment-of-pretreatment-inflammation-nutrition-and-muscle-based-prognostic-markers-in-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#19
Makito Miyake, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Nobumichi Tanaka, Keiji Shimada, Noboru Konishi, Kiyohide Fujimoto
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the clinical relevance of an integrative preoperative assessment of inflammation-, nutrition-, and muscle-based markers for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) undergoing curative radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS: The analysis enrolled 117 patients and the variables included age, body mass index (BMI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), Controlling Nutritional Status score, psoas muscle index (PMI), and peak expiratory flow (PEF)...
June 24, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640481/using-analytic-morphomics-to-describe-body-composition-associated-with-post-kidney-transplantation-diabetes-mellitus
#20
David C Cron, Kelly A Noon, Devan R Cote, Michael N Terjimanian, Joshua J Augustine, Stewart C Wang, Michael J Englesbe, Kenneth J Woodside
BACKGROUND: Better risk assessment tools are needed to predict post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM). Using analytic morphomic measurements from computed tomography (CT) scans, we aimed to identify specific measures of body composition associated with PTDM. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 99 non-diabetic kidney transplant recipients who received pre-transplant CT scans at a single institution between 1/2005 and 5/2014. Analytic morphomic techniques were used to measure abdominal adiposity, abdominal size, and psoas muscle area and density, standardized by gender...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
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