Read by QxMD icon Read

Pregnancy and migrain

Qingmei Nie, Baohua Su, Jianping Wei
Epilepsy is one of the few neurologic disorders that requires a constant treatment during pregnancy. Epilepsy affects 0.3-0.8% of pregnant women. Prescription of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to pregnant women with epilepsy requires monitoring and maintaining a balance between limiting seizures and decreasing fetal exposure to the potential teratogenic effects. AEDs are also commonly used for psychiatric disorders, pain disorders, and migraines. The types of malformations that can result in fetuses exposed to AEDs include minor anomalies, major congenital malformations, intrauterine growth retardation, cognitive dysfunction, low IQ, microcephaly, and infant mortality...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Mollie E Wood, Jean A Frazier, Hedvig M E Nordeng, Kate L Lapane
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether changes in neurodevelopmental outcomes between 18 and 36 months of age were associated with prenatal exposure to triptan medications, a class of 5-HT receptor agonists used in the treatment of migraine. METHOD: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, a prospective birth cohort that includes nearly 40% of all pregnancies in Norway from 1999 to 2008, we identified 50 469 mother-child dyads who met inclusion criteria and were present for at least one follow-up assessment at 18 or 36 months postpartum...
September 13, 2016: BMJ Open
Siri Amundsen, Torunn G Øvrebø, Netta Marie S Amble, Anne Christine Poole, Hedvig Nordeng
PURPOSE: Migraine is highly prevalent among women of fertile age. The main objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence and patterns of use of antimigraine medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding and to identify maternal and migraine-related factors associated with medication use during pregnancy. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional internet-based survey among pregnant women and new mothers with migraine conducted in Norway from October 1, 2013 to February 1, 2014...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
(no author information available yet)
Assessing the risk: high vs. low antibiotic prescribing rates for RTIs ● RCOG guidance on nausea and vomiting in pregnancy ● Medical devices-USA vs. EU ● More on opioids for RLS ● Acupuncture for migraine prevention ● NICE guidance on oral health in care homes ● Liraglutide and cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes ● How useful is the study you are reading or writing?
September 2016: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Maryna Skliut, Dara G Jamieson
Pregnant women are most likely to have primary headaches, such as migraine and tension-type headaches, which can be diagnosed and treated without brain imaging. Primary headaches may even start de novo during pregnancy, especially in the first few months. However, when the headache occurs late in pregnancy or in the peripartum period, secondary causes of headaches need to be considered and evaluated by brain and/or vascular imaging, generally using magnetic resonance techniques. There is considerable overlap between the cerebrovascular complications of pregnancy, including preeclampsia/eclampsia, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), and both hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes; although, their imaging may be distinctive...
October 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Audrey Binette, Kerry Howatt, Ashley Waddington, Robert L Reid
Despite the introduction of promising products into the contraceptive market, the rate of unintended pregnancies remains high. Women with underlying medical conditions should have access to safe and effective contraceptive methods for various reasons, including the potential deleterious effect of the disease on the pregnancy or the effect of the pregnancy on the disease process. Healthcare providers are often confronted with cases in which contraception counseling is problematic due to controversial evidence and persistent myths...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Majed S Faden, Natalie Bottega, Alice Benjamin, Richard N Brown
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare and potentially lethal cause of myocardial infarction (MI). The purpose of our study was to estimate the prevalence and maternal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by SCAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study on all births identified in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2008 to 2012. Disease prevalence was calculated and logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for risk factors and different maternal complications...
July 13, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
(no author information available yet)
MHRA: avoid live vaccines in immunosuppressed patients ● Topical NSAIDs for musculoskeletal pain in adults ● Adherence to pregnancy prevention measures during isotretinoin treatment ● Impact of the NHS Health Check programme ● Ibuprofen: first choice for migraine in young people? ● Neuropsychiatric safety of ▼ varenicline and bupropion ● Effects of anticholinergic medication in cognitively normal older adults ● New NICE guidance for controlled drugs.
July 2016: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Bengt Källén, Margareta Reis
The article discusses possible effects of the use of analgesics during pregnancy. It summarizes the pertinent literature and reports some previously unpublished data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. Most likely the use of analgesics does not cause spontaneous abortion. Only small malformation risk increases are seen after the use of opioids and perhaps non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use. If possible, the latter should be avoided during the first trimester. If exposure has occurred there is no reason to consider an interruption of the pregnancy...
June 2016: Drugs
Julianne R Lauring, Erik B Lehman, Timothy A Deimling, Richard S Legro, Cynthia H Chuang
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use recommends that combined hormonal contraceptives (ie, birth control pills, contraceptive patch, vaginal ring) should be avoided in women with specific medical conditions because of the increased risk of cardiovascular events associated with estrogen use. Whether women with category 3 (theoretical or proven risk usually outweigh the advantages) or category 4 (unacceptable health risk) contraindications are appropriately avoiding estrogen-containing combined hormonal contraceptives is unknown...
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Adrien Flahault, Denis Trystram, Marie Fouchard, Bertrand Knebelmann, François Nataf, Dominique Joly
BACKGROUND: Despite a high prevalence of intracranial aneurysm (ICA) in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), rupture events are rare. The current recommendations for ICA screening are based on expert opinions and studies with low levels of evidence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to describe the attitudes of practicing nephrologists in Europe towards screening for ICA using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey among 1315 European French-speaking nephrologists and nephrology residents...
2016: PloS One
Carlos Alberto Bordini, Célia Roesler, Deusvenir de Souza Carvalho, Djacir Dantas P Macedo, Élcio Piovesan, Eliana Meire Melhado, Fabiola Dach, Fernando Kowacs, Hilton Mariano da Silva Júnior, Jano Alves de Souza, Jayme Antunes Maciel, João José de Freitas de Carvalho, José Geraldo Speciali, Liselotte Menke Barea, Luiz Paulo Queiroz, Marcelo Cedrinho Ciciarelli, Marcelo Moraes Valença, Márcia Maria Ferreira Lima, Maurice Borges Vincent
In this article, a group of experts in headache management of the Brazilian Headache Society developed through a consensus strategic measurements to treat a migraine attack in both the child and the adult. Particular emphasis was laid on the treatment of migraine in women, including at pregnancy, lactation and perimenstrual period.
March 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Ann Pakalnis
This article discusses the role that hormones play in adolescent girls and young women with headaches, which are very common in adolescent girls, in particular, migraine. In many cases, migraine onset may occur shortly around the time of menarche, prevalence of recurrent migraine in this population approaches 15%, and typically the symptoms continue through adulthood. Hormonal changes associated with puberty and the menstrual cycle may significantly influence migraine in young women. This article reviews the following topics: management of menstrually related headaches, changes in ovarian hormones and their relationship to migraine, and oral contraceptives and pregnancy effects on migraine...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
Lauren E Friedman, Bizu Gelaye, Marta B Rondon, Sixto E Sanchez, B Lee Peterlin, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of maternal death globally, and suicide prevalence rates have been shown to be increased in those with migraine. No previous study has examined the association between migraine and suicidal ideation during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between migraine and suicidal ideation among a cohort of pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 3372 pregnant women attending prenatal care clinics in Lima, Peru...
April 2016: Headache
Tamara Strohm, Burhan Chaudhry, Mary A Willis, Steven Shook
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) has been associated with multiple medications, cocaine, pregnancy, migraine, and other conditions. OBJECTIVES: RCVS associated with interferon beta use has never before been described. METHODS: We describe the case of a 20-year-old female who developed acute onset severe headache and was found to have subarachnoid hemorrhage 2 months after initiating Rebif (Interferon beta-1a) for multiple sclerosis (MS)...
March 24, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Rebecca Erwin Wells, Dana P Turner, Michelle Lee, Laura Bishop, Lauren Strauss
While over half of women with migraine report improvement during pregnancy, having a history of migraine may increase the chance of negative health outcomes. The state of pregnancy increases the risk of several dangerous secondary headache disorders, especially those associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and providers need to know the red flags to diagnose and treat emergently. Non-pharmacological migraine treatments can be instituted in advance of pregnancy as many are considered the safest options during pregnancy, but understanding the safety of medications and dietary supplements ensures appropriate care for the refractory migraine patient...
April 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Richard C Frazee, Stephen W Abernathy, Claire L Isbell, Travis Isbell, Justin L Regner, Randall D Smith
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic appendectomy is typically associated with inpatient hospitalization averaging between 1 and 2 days. In July 2010, a prospective protocol for outpatient laparoscopic appendectomy was adopted at our institution. Patients were dismissed from the post-anesthesia recovery room or day surgery if they met certain predefined criteria. Patients admitted to a hospital room as either full admission or observation status were considered failures of outpatient management. STUDY DESIGN: An IRB-approved, retrospective review of a prospective database was performed on all patients having laparoscopic appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis from July 2010 through December 2014...
April 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Angelo A Izzo, Sung Hoon-Kim, Rajan Radhakrishnan, Elizabeth M Williamson
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses represent the uppermost ladders in the hierarchy of evidence. Systematic reviews/meta-analyses suggest preliminary or satisfactory clinical evidence for agnus castus (Vitex agnus castus) for premenstrual complaints, flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) for hypertension, feverfew (Tanacetum partenium) for migraine prevention, ginger (Zingiber officinalis) for pregnancy-induced nausea, ginseng (Panax ginseng) for improving fasting glucose levels as well as phytoestrogens and St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) for the relief of some symptoms in menopause...
May 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Mariam Mathew, Ayesha Salahuddin, Namitha R Mathew, Ramachandiran Nandhagopal
Postpartum headache is described as headache and neck or shoulder pain during the first 6 weeks after delivery. Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical vein thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome, brain tumor, cerebral ischemia, meningitis, and so forth. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare cause of postpartum headache...
January 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Nazan Kaymaz, Şule Yıldırım, Naci Topaloğlu, Meryem Gencer, Fatih Köksal Binnetoğlu, Mustafa Tekin, Fahime Erdem Sürecek, Hakan Aylanç, Fatih Battal, Emine Coşar
AIM: To examine maternal prenatal risk factors for infantile colic (IC). METHODS: Mothers were asked to complete a standard pre-coded questionnaire form. Inclusion in the study consisted of four criteria. The case group comprised healthy children with infantile colic according to Wessel's definition. The control group comprised healthy children with no history of IC. Prenatal period characteristics of mothers were examined to determine associations with IC. RESULTS: Children with mothers who had prophylactic iron supplementation therapy during pregnancy suffered more from IC...
December 2015: Nursing Children and Young People
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"