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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317762/evaluation-of-aroma-enhancement-for-ecolly-dry-white-wines-by-mixed-inoculation-of-selected-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#1
Xing-Chen Wang, Ai-Hua Li, Marta Dizy, Niamat Ullah, Wei-Xuan Sun, Yong-Sheng Tao
To improve the aroma profile of Ecolly dry white wine, the simultaneous and sequential inoculations of selected Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were performed in wine making of this work. The two yeasts were mixed in various ratios for making the mixed inoculum. The amount of volatiles and aroma characteristics were determined the following year. Mixed fermentation improved both the varietal and fermentative aroma compound composition, especially that of (Z)-3-hexene-1-ol, nerol oxide, certain acetates and ethyls group compounds...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317538/families-genera-and-species-of-botryosphaeriales
#2
Tao Yang, Johannes Z Groenewald, Ratchadawan Cheewangkoon, Fahimeh Jami, Jafar Abdollahzadeh, Lorenzo Lombard, Pedro W Crous
Members of Botryosphaeriales are ecologically diverse, but most commonly associated with leaf spots, fruit and root rots, die-back or cankers of diverse woody hosts. Based on morphology and DNA sequence data, the Botryosphaeriales have to date been shown to contain eight families, with an additional two, Endomelanconiopsisaceae (Endomelanconiopsis) and Pseudofusicoccumaceae (Pseudofusicoccum) being newly described in this study. Furthermore, Oblongocollomyces is introduced as new genus, while Spencermartinsia is reduced to synonymy under Dothiorella...
April 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314477/extraction-of-nobiletin-from-citrus-unshiu-peels-by-supercritical-fluid-and-its-cre-mediated-transcriptional-activity
#3
Chisato Oba, Masaki Ota, Koichiro Nomura, Hironori Fujiwara, Jiro Takito, Yoshiyuki Sato, Yasushi Ohizumi, Hiroshi Inomata
BACKGROUND: Polymethoxyflavone (PMF) is one of bioactive compounds in Citrus Unshiu and included mainly in the peels rather than the fruits, seeds and leaves. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Supercritical CO2 extraction is one candidate for selective extraction of polymethoxyflavone and in this study, supercritical CO2 extraction with/without ethanol entrainer from Citrus Unshiu peels was examined at a temperature of 333K and a pressure of 30MPa. METHODS: CRE (cyclic AMP response element)-mediated transcriptional assay was examined by using the extracts from supercritical fluid extraction...
April 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314181/photocatalytic-degradation-effect-of-malachite-green-and-catalytic-hydrogenation-by-uv-illuminated-ceo2-cdo-multilayered-nanoplatelet-arrays-investigation-of-antifungal-and-antimicrobial-activities
#4
C Maria Magdalane, K Kaviyarasu, J Judith Vijaya, C Jayakumar, M Maaza, B Jeyaraj
CeO2/CdO multi-layered nanoplatelet arrays have been synthesized by sol-gel method at two different temperatures using Citrus limonum fruit extract and the effect of particle size on the photocatalytic performance is studied. The particle size and phases was analysed by X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) which brought out the formation of cubic phase in the synthesized samples. Field Emission Scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) revealed the surface morphology and made up of cumulative form of platelet shaped arrays with an average size of 10nm...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303540/exploiting-fruit-byproducts-for-eco-friendly-nanosynthesis-citrus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-clementina-peel-extract-mediated-fabrication-of-silver-nanoparticles-with-high-efficacy-against-microbial-pathogens-and-rat-glial-tumor-c6-cells
#5
Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Han-Seung Shin, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Giovanni Benelli, Gajanan S Ghodake, Yuan Yuan Jiang, Dong Su Kim, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale
Process byproducts from the fruit industry may represent a cheap and reliable source of green reducing agents to be used in current bio-nanosynthesis. This study reports the use of orange (Citrus × clementina) peel aqueous extract (OPE) for one-pot green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with high effectiveness against various microbial pathogens as well as rat glial tumor C6 cells. The effects of various operational parameters on the synthesis of AgNPs were systematically investigated. The morphology, particle size, and properties of synthesized AgNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303464/new-species-of-tenuisvalvae-duverger-coleoptera-coccinellidae-feeding-on-parthenolecanium-perlatum-cockerell-hemiptera-coccidae-in-citrus-crop
#6
P B Santos, C F Castro-Guedes, A L B G Peronti, L M Almeida
A new species of Hyperaspidini, Tenuisvalvae quadripunctata sp. nov. is described and illustrated. The genus is now represented by 11 species, all native of South America, and the new taxon is integrated into the existing key to species of the genus. Ecological data for T. quadripunctata sp. nov. and a list with prey and host plants to the species of the genus Tenuisvalvae are provided.
March 16, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302413/characterization-of-daboia-russelii-and-naja-naja-venom-neutralizing-ability-of-an-undocumented-indigenous-medication-in-sri-lanka
#7
Madhushika M Silva, Sampath S Seneviratne, Devaka K Weerakoon, Charitha L Goonasekara
BACKGROUND: Indigenous medicinal practice in Sri Lanka talks about powerful compounds extracted from native plants for treating venomous snake bites which are hardly documented in literature but are used by the indigenous doctors for thousand years. OBJECTIVE: We screened the neutralizing ability of a herbal preparation practiced in indigenous medicine of Sri Lanka, consisting of Sansevieria cylindrica, Jatropha podagrica and Citrus aurantiifolia, for its ability to neutralize venom toxins of Naja naja (Common Cobra) and Daboia russelii (Russell's viper)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300606/one-step-multiplex-rt-qpcr-detects-three-citrus-viroids-from-different-genera-in-a-wide-range-of-hosts
#8
Fatima Osman, Tyler Dang, Sohrab Bodaghi, Georgios Vidalakis
A one-step multiplex reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) based on species-specific minor groove binding (MGB) probes, was developed for the simultaneous detection, identification, and quantification of three citrus viroids belonging to different genera. Citrus exocortis viroid (Pospiviroid), Hop stunt viroid (Hostuviroid), and Citrus bark cracking viroid (Cocadviroid) cause a variety of maladies in agriculturally significant crops. Therefore, reliable assays for their detection are essential tools for various government and industry organizations implementing disease management programs...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298151/effect-of-exclusion-of-frequently-consumed-dietary-triggers-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-chronic-primary-headache
#9
Sepideh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Although dietary factors are known to trigger headaches, the relationship between food and headache in children remains unclear. This prospective, observational case series aimed to evaluate the effect of exclusion of frequently-consumed foods in a cohort of children with headache. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen children aged 3-15 (mean 10.5) years with primary headache were followed in a paediatric outpatient clinic. Patients who frequently consumed foods or food additives known to trigger headaches were advised to exclude them for six weeks and to return for follow-up with headache and food diary...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295383/recovery-of-pectic-hydrocolloids-and-phenolics-from-huanglongbing-related-dropped-citrus-fruit
#10
Randall G Cameron, Hoa K Chau, Arland T Hotchkiss, John A Manthey
BACKGROUND: Citrus preharvest fruit drop, caused by Huanglongbing infection, has increased dramatically concomitant with declining tree health and crop harvest size. This loss of harvestable fruit is damaging to both growers and juice processors. Recovering and converting this fruit to alternative value added products would benefit the citrus industry. Therefore, we have explored the potential for using this fruit as a feedstock in our newly developed pilot scale continuous steam explosion process...
March 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293765/rutin-increases-the-cytotoxicity-of-temozolomide-in-glioblastoma-via-autophagy-inhibition
#11
Pingde Zhang, Stella Sun, Ning Li, Amy Suk Wai Ho, Karrie Mei Yee Kiang, Xiaoqin Zhang, Yin Stephen Cheng, Ming Wai Poon, Derek Lee, Jenny Kan Suen Pu, Gilberto Ka Kit Leung
The chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide (TMZ) is widely used in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Rutin, a citrus flavonoid ecglycoside found in edible plants, has neuroprotective and anticancer activities. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and the underlying mechanisms of rutin used in combination with TMZ in GBM. In vitro cell viability assay demonstrated that rutin alone had generally low cytotoxic effect, but it enhanced the efficacy of TMZ in a dose-dependent manner. Subcutaneous and orthotopic xenograft studies also showed that tumor volumes were significantly lower in mice receiving combined TMZ/Rutin treatment as compared to TMZ or rutin alone treatment...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290539/corrigendum-the-citrus-flavanone-naringenin-impairs-dengue-virus-replication-in-human-cells
#12
Sandra Frabasile, Andrea Cristine Koishi, Diogo Kuczera, Guilherme Ferreira Silveira, Waldiceu Aparecido Verri, Claudia Nunes Duarte Dos Santos, Juliano Bordignon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289383/the-citrus-flavanone-naringenin-produces-cardioprotective-effects-in-hearts-from-1-year-old-rat-through-activation-of-mitobk-channels
#13
Lara Testai, Eleonora Da Pozzo, Ilaria Piano, Luisa Pistelli, Claudia Gargini, Maria Cristina Breschi, Alessandra Braca, Claudia Martini, Alma Martelli, Vincenzo Calderone
Background and Purpose: Incidence of cardiovascular disorders increases with age, because of a dramatic fall of endogenous self-defense mechanisms and increased vulnerability of myocardium. Conversely, the effectiveness of many cardioprotective drugs is blunted in hearts of 1 year old rat. The Citrus flavanone naringenin (NAR) was reported to promote cardioprotective effects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, through the activation of mitochondrial large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (mitoBK)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285621/antidiarrheal-activity-of-hexane-extract-of-citrus-limon-peel-in-an-experimental-animal-model
#14
Olasupo Stephen Adeniyi, James Omale, Samuel Chukwuma Omeje, Victoria Ojimaojo Edino
OBJECTIVE: Acute diarrhea is one of the major illnesses that cause death in children, despite clinical interventions and the use of oral rehydration therapy. Thus, there is need to discover other effective, affordable and accessible treatments for this disease. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the effects of hexane extract of Citrus limon peel (HECLP) on castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats. METHODS: Diarrhea was induced in male albino Wistar rats weighing 100-150 g...
March 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283313/risk-factors-associated-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-relapse-in-primary-care-patients-successfully-treated-with-a-proton-pump-inhibitor
#15
A López-Colombo, M S Pacio-Quiterio, L Y Jesús-Mejenes, J E G Rodríguez-Aguilar, M López-Guevara, A J Montiel-Jarquín, J C López-Alvarenga, E R Morales-Hernández, V R Ortiz-Juárez, L Ávila-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on the factors associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) relapse in primary care patients. AIM: To identify the risk factors associated with GERD relapse in primary care patients that responded adequately to short-term treatment with a proton pump inhibitor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted that included GERD incident cases. The patients received treatment with omeprazole for 4 weeks...
March 7, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282882/maternal%C3%A2-consumption%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-hesperidin%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-naringin%C3%A2-flavanones%C3%A2-exerts%C3%A2-transient%C3%A2-effects%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-tibia%C3%A2-bone%C3%A2-structure%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-female%C3%A2-cd-1%C3%A2-offspring
#16
Sandra M Sacco, Caitlin Saint, Paul J LeBlanc, Wendy E Ward
Hesperidin (HSP) and naringin (NAR), flavanones rich in citrus fruits, support skeletal integrity in adult and aging rodent models. This study determined whether maternal consumption of HSP and NAR favorably programs bone development, resulting in higher bone mineral density (BMD) and greater structure and biomechanical strength (i.e., peak load) in female offspring. Female CD-1 mice were fed a control diet or a HSP + NAR diet five weeks before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and lactation. At weaning, female offspring were fed a control diet until six months of age...
March 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282380/oral-delivery-of-double-stranded-rnas-induces-mortality-in-nymphs-and-adults-of-the-asian-citrus-psyllid-diaphorina-citri
#17
Diogo Manzano Galdeano, Michèle Claire Breton, João Roberto Spotti Lopes, Bryce W Falk, Marcos Antonio Machado
The Asian citrus psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, is one of the most important citrus pests. ACP is the vector of the phloem-limited bacteria Candidatus Liberibacter americanus and Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agents of the devastating citrus disease huanglongbing (HLB). The management of HLB is based on the use of healthy young plants, eradication of infected plants and chemical control of the vector. RNA interference (RNAi) has proven to be a promising tool to control pests and explore gene functions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279804/self-interaction-of-citrus-tristeza-virus-p33-protein-via-n-terminal-helix
#18
Sung-Hwan Kang, Thi Nguyet Minh Dao, Ok-Kyung Kim, Svetlana Y Folimonova
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), the most economically important viral pathogen of citrus, encodes a unique protein, p33. CTV p33 shows no similarity with other known proteins, yet plays an important role in viral pathogenesis: it extends the virus host range and mediates virus ability to exclude superinfection by other variants of the virus. Previously we demonstrated that p33 is an integral membrane protein and appears to share characteristics of viral movement proteins. In this study, we show that the p33 protein self-interacts in vitro and in vivo using co-immunoprecipitation, yeast two hybrid, and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays...
March 6, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278248/sclerenchymatous-ring-as-a-barrier-to-phloem-feeding-by-asian-citrus-psyllid-evidence-from-electrical-penetration-graph-and-visualization-of-stylet-pathways
#19
Justin George, El-Desouky Ammar, David G Hall, Stephen L Lapointe
Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri) feeding behaviors play a significant role in the transmission of the phloem-limited Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) bacterium that causes the economically devastating citrus greening disease. Sustained phloem ingestion by D. citri on CLas infected plants is required for pathogen acquisition and transmission. Recent studies have shown a fibrous ring of thick-walled sclerenchyma around the phloem in mature, fully expanded citrus leaves that is more prominent on the abaxial compared with the adaxial side...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278188/spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-the-southern-california-asian-citrus-psyllid-diaphorina-citri-invasion
#20
Brett R Bayles, Shyam M Thomas, Gregory S Simmons, Elizabeth E Grafton-Cardwell, Mathew P Daugherty
Biological invasions are governed by spatial processes that tend to be distributed in non-random ways across landscapes. Characterizing the spatial and temporal heterogeneities of the introduction, establishment, and spread of non-native insect species is a key aspect of effectively managing their geographic expansion. The Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri), a vector of the bacterium associated with huanglongbing (HLB), poses a serious threat to commercial and residential citrus trees. In 2008, D. citri first began expanding northward from Mexico into parts of Southern California...
2017: PloS One
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