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Lihua Li, Shaorong Zhang, Xunshuo Jiang, Yuehui Liu, Ke Liu, Chunping Yang
The present study aimed to explore the microRNA-let-7e (miR-let-7e) expression in allergic rhinitis (AR), and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. miR-let-7e expression in the nasal mucosa of mice and patients with AR were detected. The expression levels of three inflammatory factors, including histamine, immunoglobulin E and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), in the blood of AR mice and in interleukin (IL)-13-stimulated nasal epithelial cells (NECs) were also measured. Furthermore, the target gene of miR-let-7e was predicted and validated using a luciferase reporter assay...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Daisuke Chino, Tomoyo Sone, Kumi Yamazaki, Yuri Tsuruoka, Risa Yamagishi, Shunsuke Shiina, Keisuke Obara, Fumiko Yamaki, Koji Higai, Yoshio Tanaka
Object We aimed to identify the β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) subtypes involved in isoprenaline-induced relaxation of guinea pig colonic longitudinal smooth muscle using pharmacological and biochemical approaches. Methods Longitudinal smooth muscle was prepared from the male guinea pig ascending colon and contracted with histamine prior to comparing the relaxant responses to three catecholamines (isoprenaline, adrenaline, and noradrenaline). The inhibitory effects of subtype-selective β-AR antagonists on isoprenaline-induced relaxation were then investigated...
2018: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research, Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai Kikanshi
Li Xu, Hong-Bo Jiang, Xiao-Feng Chen, Ying Xiong, Xue-Ping Lu, Yu-Xia Pei, Guy Smagghe, Jin-Jun Wang
Biogenic amines perform many kinds of important physiological functions in the central nervous system (CNS) of insects, acting as neuromodulators, neurotransmitters, and neurohormones. The five most abundant types of biogenic amines in invertebrates are dopamine, histamine, serotonin, tyramine, and octopamine (OA). However, in beetles, an important group of model and pest insects, the role of tyramine β-hydroxylase (TβH) in the OA biosynthesis pathway and the regulation of behavior remains unknown so far...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Andrea Angeli, Fatmah A S Alasmary, Sonia Del Prete, Sameh M Osman, Zeid AlOthman, William A Donald, Clemente Capasso, Claudiu T Supuran
The activation of the δ-class carbonic anhydrase (CAs, EC from the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii (TweCAδ) was investigated using a panel of natural and non-natural amino acids and amines. The most effective activator of TweCAδ was d-Tyr (KA of 51 nM), whereas several other amino acids and amines, such as L-His, L-Trp, d-Trp, dopamine and serotonin were submicromolar activators (KA s from 0.51 to 0.93 µM). The most ineffective activator of TweCAδ was 4-amino-l-Phe (18.9 µM), whereas d-His, l-/d-Phe, l-/d-DOPA, l-Tyr, histamine, some pyridyl-alkylamines, l-adrenaline and aminoethyl-piperazine/morpholine were moderately potent activators (KA s from 1...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
G Authried, S C Prasad, E Rye Rasmussen, A Bygum
A subset of patients with angioedema (AE) and urticaria has histamine releasing autoanti-boies. The histamine release test (HR-test) has been used as a tool in chronic urticaria to de-fine the autoimmune subgroup and may possibly guide the clinician to a more personalized therapy, like omalizumab and cyclosporine. The prevalence and value of positive histamine releasing autoantibodies in monosymptomatic AE is sparsely described in the literature. The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of positive histamine releasing autoanti-bodies in a cohort of patients with recurrent AE and evaluate the usefulness of this test in AE patients...
February 19, 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Kyung-Ah Cho, Minhwa Park, Yu-Hee Kim, Hea-Young Park Choo, Kyung Ho Lee
Mast cells are central regulators of allergic inflammation that function by releasing various proallergic inflammatory mediators, including histamine, eicosanoids and proinflammatory cytokines. Occasionally, bacterial infections may initiate or worsen allergic inflammation. A number of studies have indicated that activation of lipoxygenase in mast cells positive regulates allergic inflammatory responses by generating leukotrienes and proinflammatory cytokines. In the present study, the effects of benzoxazole derivatives on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced expression of proinflammatory cytokines, production of histamine and surface expression of co‑stimulatory molecules on bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) were studied...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yun-Mi Kang, Kyung-Sook Chung, In-Hoon Kook, Yoon-Bum Kook, Hyunsu Bae, Minho Lee, Hyo-Jin An
Although bee venom (BV) is a toxin that causes bee stings to be painful, it has been widely used clinically for the treatment of certain immune‑associated diseases. BV has been used traditionally for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases. In this regard, the present study analyzed the effect of BV on the regulation of inflammatory mediator production by mast cells and their allergic inflammatory responses in an animal model. HMC‑1 cells were treated with BV prior to stimulation with phorbol‑12‑myristate 13‑acetate plus calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yu-Na Im, Yu-Dong Lee, Jeong-Soo Park, Hae-Kyoung Kim, Suhn-Young Im, Hwa-Ryung Song, Hern-Ku Lee, Myung-Kwan Han
Many itch mediators activate G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), and trigger itch via activation of GPCR-mediated signaling pathways. GPCRs are desensitized by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs). The aim of this study is to explore the role of GRKs in itch response and the linkage between GRKs and glutamine (Gln), an amino acid previously demonstrated as an itching reliever. Itch responses were evoked by histamine, chloroquine (CQ), and dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced contact dermatitis (CD). Phosphorylation and protein expression were detected by immunofluorescent staining and Western blotting...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Mohammad Saiful Islam, Myung-Jo You
Tick saliva is critically important for continuous attachment to the host, blood feeding for days, and transmission of tick-borne pathogens. To characterize the patterns of inflammatory cytokine gene expression during its attachment and blood sucking time, peripheral blood samples of rabbits infested with Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks were collected at different intervals. Blood histamine concentration was evaluated as well as gene encoding IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-6, IL-4, and IL-10 were compared with non-infested rabbits...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Sabine Buhner, Hannes Hahne, Kerstin Hartwig, Qin Li, Sheila Vignali, Daniela Ostertag, Chen Meng, Gabriele Hörmannsperger, Breg Braak, Christian Pehl, Thomas Frieling, Giovanni Barbara, Roberto De Giorgio, Ihsan Ekin Demir, Güralp Onur Ceyhan, Florian Zeller, Guy Boeckxstaens, Dirk Haller, Bernhard Kuster, Michael Schemann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The causes of gastrointestinal complaints in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remain poorly understood. Altered nerve function has emerged as an important pathogenic factor as IBS mucosal biopsy supernatants consistently activate enteric and sensory neurons. We investigated the neurally active molecular components of such supernatants from patients with IBS and quiescent ulcerative colitis (UC). METHOD: Effects of supernatants from 7 healthy controls (HC), 20 IBS and 12 UC patients on human and guinea pig submucous neurons were studied with neuroimaging techniques...
2018: PloS One
O Somasundaram, Ponnudurai Ratnaraj
Period of Custodial Care Only: The magnificent "Institute of Mental Health" has its history almost from 1795 when the East India company appointed Surgeon Valentine Conolly to be in charge of a "House for accommodating persons of unsound mind." After a few transitions, backed by a government order for the construction of a lunatic asylum in a 66 1/2 acre site, the asylum started functioning from 1871. The period of about six decades from its inception could be referred to as "the period of custodial care...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Junliang Han, Feifei Tong, Ping Chen, Xiancai Zeng, Zhengyong Duan
This paper used piezoelectric sensor to study the dysfunction of endothelial cell monolayer barrier caused by inflammatory factors. The biocompatible conductive polymer membrane of pPy[pGlu]-pLys was prepared on the surface of the ITO work electrode to improve the interface between the endothelial cell and the electrode. Both the impedance analysis data and the stable plateau stage of sensor's frequency shift indicated that endothelial cells formed a good monolayer barrier on this polymer surface. The response frequency shifts of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and histamine-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction were different, which distinguished their different stimulation mechanism...
March 2, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Carolina Mondillo, María Luisa Varela, Adriana María Belén Abiuso, Ramiro Vázquez
Histamine (HA) is a pleiotropic biogenic amine synthesized exclusively by histidine decarboxylase (HDC) in most mammalian tissues. The literature on the role of HA within the male gonad has expanded over the last years, attracting attention to potential unexpected side-effects of anti-histamines on testicular function. In this regard, HA receptors (HRH1, HRH2 and HRH4) have been described in Leydig cells of different species, including human. Via these receptors, HA has been reported to trigger positive or negative interactions with the LH/hCG signaling pathway depending upon its concentration, thereby contributing to the local control of testicular androgen levels...
March 9, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Bryan D Loy, Michelle H Cameron, Patrick J O'Connor
Persistent fatigue is a common problem (∼20-45% of U.S. population), with higher prevalence and severity in people with medical conditions such as cancer, depression, fibromyalgia, heart failure, sleep apnea and multiple sclerosis. There are few FDA-approved treatments for fatigue and great disagreement on how to measure fatigue, with over 250 instruments used in research. Many instruments define fatigue as "a lack of energy", thus viewing energy and fatigue states as opposites on a single bipolar continuum...
April 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Colin A Nurse, Erin M Leonard, Shaima Salman
Mammalian carotid bodies (CB) are chemosensory organs that mediate compensatory cardiorespiratory reflexes in response to low blood PO2 (hypoxemia) and elevated CO2 /H+ (acid hypercapnia). The chemoreceptors are glomus or type I cells which occur in clusters enveloped by neighboring glial-like type II cells. During chemoexcitation type I cells depolarize, leading to Ca2+ -dependent release of several neurotransmitters, some excitatory and others inhibitory, which help shape the afferent carotid sinus nerve (CSN) discharge...
March 9, 2018: Physiological Genomics
Dinesh Puri, Anil Bhandari, Praveen Kumar Gaur, Mohd Yasir, S Sadish Kumar, Deepak Choudhary
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present research work was to develop a herbal fast disintegrating tablet containing Fagonia schweinfurthii Hadidi dried extract and determining its antihistaminic activity using guinea pig ileum. METHOD: The tablets were formulated by wet granulation technique using three different superdisintegrants (croscarmillose, crospovidone and sodium starch glycolate) at three different use levels. The tablets were evaluated for various physical properties like hardness, friability weight variation etc...
March 9, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
David Ribas, M Carmen Fernández-Carranco, Nabil Hajji, Pedro Bobadilla, Javier Monteseirín
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis develops through an inflammatory process caused by an infection at the microbial biofilm, followed by tissue destruction mediated by leukocytes, which cause clinically significant destruction of connective tissue and bone. Several elements derived from the bacteria cause the inflammatory response and the release of mediators involved in destruction of the periodontium. There are number of inflammatory mediators released by leukocytes, mainly neutrophils, upon bacterial challenge...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
A Belin-Rauscent, J Lacoste, O Hermine, A Moussy, B J Everitt, David Belin
RATIONALE: Accumulating evidence shows that cocaine, and also heroin, influence several tyrosine kinases, expressed in neurons and in non-neuronal populations such as microglia, astrocytes and mast-cells. Drug-induced activation of mast cells both triggers inflammatory processes in the brain mediated by the glial cells they activate, and facilitates histamine release which may directly influence the dopamine system. Thus, by triggering the activation and degranulation of mast cells dependent on the tyrosine kinase c-kit and Fyn, the latter being also involved in NMDA-dependent synaptic plasticity, cocaine and heroin may indirectly influence the neural mechanisms that mediate their reinforcing properties...
March 8, 2018: Psychopharmacology
Cícera Datiane de Morais Oliveira-Tintino, Renata Torres Pessoa, Maria Neyze Martins Fernandes, Isabel Sousa Alcântara, Bruno Anderson Fernandes da Silva, Maria Rayane Correia de Oliveira, Anita Oliveira Brito Pereira Bezerra Martins, Maria do Socorro da Silva, Saulo Relison Tintino, Fábio Fernandes Galvão Rodrigues, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Sidney Gonçalo de Lima, Marta Regina Kerntopf, Teresinha Gonçalves da Silva, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes
BACKGROUND: Inflammation makes up a set of vascularized tissue reactions acting in the defense of the body against harmful stimuli. Natural products are a lower cost alternative with better benefit, often used in popular medicine in the treatment of inflammatory processes. Several species from the genus Croton have scientifically proven anti-inflammatory action. PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze the chemical composition of the Croton campestris A. St.-Hil essential oil (EOCC), derived from fresh leaves, as well as to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential and the possible mechanisms of action of the EOCC and its constituent β-caryophyllene...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Sapan Kumar Behera, Saibal Das, Alphienes Stanley Xavier, Sandhiya Selvarajan
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a serious and potentially fatal adverse effect to therapeutic medications. The incidence of this condition varies among different ethnicities because of the difference in the genetic makeup. Though fever, rash and eosinophilia are essential features for the diagnosis of this syndrome, these vary from patient to patient along with the involvement of various organs such as liver, kidney, lungs, pancreas, etc. Some of the atypical features are dysphagia, agranulocytosis, and chylous ascites...
March 15, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
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