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Physical therapy, orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025357/deconstructing-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-older-adult-step-by-step-evidence-and-expert-based-recommendations-for-evaluation-and-treatment-part-xii-leg-length-discrepancy
#1
Mark Havran, Joel D Scholten, Paula Breuer, Jennifer Lundberg, Gary Kochersberger, Dave Newman, Debra K Weiner
 To present the last in a 12-part series designed to deconstruct chronic low back pain (CLBP) in older adults. This article focuses on leg length discrepancy (LLD) and presents an algorithm outlining approaches to diagnosis and management of LLD in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS : Using a modified Delphi approach, the LLD evaluation and treatment algorithm was developed by a multidisciplinary expert panel representing expertise in physical therapy, geriatric medicine, and physical medicine and rehabilitation...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018908/partial-cranial-cruciate-ligament-tears-treated-with-stem-cell-and-platelet-rich-plasma-combination-therapy-in-36-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#2
Sherman O Canapp, Christopher S Leasure, Catherine Cox, Victor Ibrahim, Brittany J Carr
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes in 36 dogs with a partial cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) tear treated with autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) or adipose-derived progenitor cells (ADPC) with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of client-owned dogs diagnosed with an early partial (≤50%) tear of the craniomedial band of the CCL that was treated with BMAC-PRP or ADPC-PRP were reviewed from 2010 to 2015. Signalment, medical history, physical and orthopedic examination, objective temporospatial gait analyses, radiographs, day 0 and day 90 diagnostic arthroscopy findings, treatment, and outcome were among the data collected...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009632/anti-nerve-growth-factor-therapy-increases-spontaneous-day-night-activity-in-mice-with-orthopedic-surgery-induced-pain
#3
Lisa A Majuta, Jean-Marc G Guedon, Stefanie A T Mitchell, Michael H Ossipov, Patrick W Mantyh
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) are two of the most common and successful surgical interventions to relieve osteoarthritis pain. Control of postoperative pain is critical for patients to fully participate in the required physical therapy which is the most influential factor in effective postoperative knee rehabilitation. Currently opiates are a mainstay for managing postoperative orthopedic surgery pain including TKA/THA pain. Recently, issues including efficacy, dependence, overdose and death from opiates have made clinicians and researchers more critical of use of opioids for treating non-malignant skeletal pain...
December 15, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984493/anti-nerve-growth-factor-therapy-increases-spontaneous-day-night-activity-in-mice-with-orthopedic-surgery-induced-pain
#4
Lisa A Majuta, Jean-Marc G Guedon, Stefanie A T Mitchell, Michael H Ossipov, Patrick W Mantyh
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) are two of the most common and successful surgical interventions to relieve osteoarthritis pain. Control of postoperative pain is critical for patients to fully participate in the required physical therapy which is the most influential factor in effective postoperative knee rehabilitation. Currently opiates are a mainstay for managing postoperative orthopedic surgery pain including TKA/THA pain. Recently, issues including efficacy, dependence, overdose and death from opiates have made clinicians and researchers more critical of use of opioids for treating non-malignant skeletal pain...
December 15, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941188/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenital-multidisciplinary-care-including-own-experience
#5
Anna Binkiewicz-Glińska, Jolanta Wierzba, Edyta Szurowska, Katarzyna Ruckeman-Dziurdzińska, Stanisław Bakuła, Michał Sokołów, Anna Reńska
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenital (AMC) is a heterogeneous disorder, characterized by nonprogressive multiple intra-articular contractures, which can be recognized at birth. The prevalence in Europe is estimated at about 1 per 12,000. Etiopathogenesis of arthrogryposis is multifactorial. Symptoms of some forms of arthrogryposis can be found in the clinical presentation of selected genetic disorders, e.g. Pena Shokeir syndrome. Arthrogryposis can also result from environmental factors such as medication, trauma or chronic illness during pregnancy, as well as from oligohydramnios or abnormal structure of the uterus...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925640/diagnosis-and-management-of-distal-clavicle-osteolysis
#6
Steven F DeFroda, Christopher Nacca, Gregory R Waryasz, Brett D Owens
Distal clavicle osteolysis is an uncommon condition that most commonly affects weight lifters and other athletes who perform repetitive overhead activity. Although this condition most commonly presents in young active men, it is becoming increasing more common in women with the rise in popularity of body building and extreme athletics. Distal clavicle osteolysis can be debilitating, especially in those with rigorous training regimens, preventing exercise because of pain with activities such as bench presses and chest flies...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#7
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904790/current-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-gross-patellofemoral-instability
#8
Grant Buchanan, LeeAnne Torres, Brian Czarkowski, Charles E Giangarra
: Patellofemoral instability is a painful and commonly recurring condition, which often must be managed surgically. Diagnosis can be aided by the use of a variety of physical exam signs, such as the Q angle, Beighton hypermobility score, glide test, J sign, patellar tilt test, and apprehension test. Imaging modalities including x-ray, CT, and MRI guide both diagnosis and management by revealing trochlear dysplasia, bony malalignment, and ligamentous injury that contribute to instability...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902173/escobar-multiple-pterygium-syndrome-multidisciplinary-approach-to-a-very-rare-syndrome
#9
Murat Celal Sözbilen, Hüseyin Günay, Funda Atamaz Çalış
Escobar (multiple pterygium) syndrome is progressive and a very rare syndrome. It is generally characterized by multiple pterygia that are found in the cervical, antecubital and popliteal regions. In this report, we present the treatment management of a 14-year-old case with late stage Escobar syndrome who was admitted due to multiple pterygia and bilateral knee contractures. The treatment of this case was conducted in collaboration with the department of orthopedics and the department of physical therapy. The treatment of the case was done in three stages: soft tissue procedures, femoral recurvatum osteotomy and triple arthrodesis, respectively...
December 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829093/postoperative-pulmonary-complications-early-mortality-and-hospital-stay-following-noncardiothoracic-surgery-a-multicenter-study-by-the-perioperative-research-network-investigators
#10
Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Gyorgy Frendl, Juraj Sprung, Daryl J Kor, Bala Subramaniam, Ricardo Martinez Ruiz, Jae-Woo Lee, William G Henderson, Angela Moss, Nitin Mehdiratta, Megan M Colwell, Karsten Bartels, Kerstin Kolodzie, Jadelis Giquel, Marcos Francisco Vidal Melo
Importance: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs), a leading cause of poor surgical outcomes, are heterogeneous in their pathophysiology, severity, and reporting accuracy. Objective: To prospectively study clinical and radiological PPCs and respiratory insufficiency therapies in a high-risk surgical population. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a multicenter prospective observational study in 7 US academic institutions...
November 9, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822310/anaphylactic-shock-during-cement-implantation-of-a-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-underlying-mastocytosis-case-report-of-a-rare-intraoperative-complication
#11
Anita Ten Hagen, Pieter Doldersum, Tom van Raaij
BACKGROUND: Cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a safe and common procedure. In rare cases life threatening bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) may occur, which is commonly caused by pulmonary embolism (PE). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the rare case of a 70-year old patient who underwent an elective total hip replacement. Before surgery he was diagnosed with underlying systemic indolent mastocytosis, a rare pathological disorder that may result in anaphylaxis after massive systemic mast cell activation...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821950/the-effects-of-maitland-orthopedic-manual-therapy-on-improving-constipation
#12
Ja-Pung Koo, Jung-Hyun Choi, Nyeon-Jun Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of interventions on constipation and to provide basic data for physical therapy in internal medicine. [Subjects and Methods] The colon transit times of 30 subjects were measured and after the interventions. Fifteen subjects were assigned to a Maitland orthopedic manual therapy group, and 15 subjects were assigned to a dietary fiber group. [Results] The analysis of changes in colon transit time showed statistically significant differences in left colon transit time, rectosigmoid colon transit time, and total colon transit time for the Maitland orthopedic manual therapy group and statistically significant differences in rectosigmoid colon transit time and total colon transit time for the dietary fiber group...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813341/pharmacological-and-biological-therapeutic-strategies-for-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#13
REVIEW
Ronit Marom, Yi-Chien Lee, Ingo Grafe, Brendan Lee
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass, and bone deformities. The majority of cases are caused by autosomal dominant pathogenic variants in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes that encode type I collagen, the major component of the bone matrix. The remaining cases are caused by autosomal recessively or dominantly inherited mutations in genes that are involved in the post-translational modification of type I collagen, act as type I collagen chaperones, or are members of the signaling pathways that regulate bone homeostasis...
December 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798714/patellar-sleeve-fracture-with-ossification-of-the-patellar-tendon
#14
Derek S Damrow, Scott E Van Valin
Patellar sleeve fractures make up greater than 50% of all patellar fractures. They are essentially only seen in the pediatric population because of the thick periosteum and the distal patellar pole apophysis in this group. These fractures can lead to complications if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion. Complications of missed or untreated patellar sleeve fractures include patella alta, anterior knee pain, and quadriceps atrophy. These can all result in severe limitations in activity. The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation...
October 31, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#15
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769805/bodybuilding-induced-mondor-s-disease-of-the-chest-wall
#16
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735980/challenges-of-fracture-management-for-adults-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#17
Joseph A Gil, Steven F DeFroda, Kunal Sindhu, Aristides I Cruz, Alan H Daniels
Osteogenesis imperfecta is caused by qualitative or quantitative defects in type I collagen. Although often considered a disease with primarily pediatric manifestations, more than 25% of lifetime fractures are reported to occur in adulthood. General care of adults with osteogenesis imperfecta involves measures to preserve bone density, regular monitoring of hearing and dentition, and maintenance of muscle strength through physical therapy. Surgical stabilization of fractures in these patients can be challenging because of low bone mineral density, preexisting skeletal deformities, or obstruction by instrumentation from previous surgeries...
October 13, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728933/-effects-of-a-combined-orthopedic-and-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-concept
#18
J Dannenmaier, S Jankowiak, R Kaluscha, G Müller, G Krischak
Objective: Effects of a combined orthopedic and psychosomatic rehabilitation (VOP) concept are evaluated in contrast to psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation. Therefore both mental and physical health of rehabilitants are compared. Methods: A prospective case-control study was performed in order to gather psychic strain and bodily constitution. Covariance analysis was conducted to expose significant differences between groups. Results: An equal clinically relevant reduction of psychological distress could be achieved with psychosomatic rehabilitation (N=322) and VOP (N=511)...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722115/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-acute-lower-extremity-compartment-syndrome-at-a-major-trauma-hospital
#19
Loreto Lollo, Andreas Grabinsky
BACKGROUND: Acute lower extremity compartment syndrome (CS) is a condition that untreated causes irreversible nerve and muscle ischemia. Treatment by decompression fasciotomy without delay prevents permanent disability. The use of intracompartmental pressure (iCP) measurement in uncertain situations aids in diagnosis of severe leg pain. As an infrequent complication of lower extremity trauma, consequences of CS include chronic pain, nerve injury, and contractures. The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical and functional outcomes for patients with lower extremity CS after fasciotomy...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684078/treatment-of-massive-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
Jason R Kang, Aaron T Sin, Emilie V Cheung
Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears cause significant shoulder pain and dysfunction. Physical therapy (PT), arthroscopic debridement with biceps tenotomy (AD-BT), and hemiarthroplasty (HA) are treatments shown to reduce pain and improve quality of life. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is a newer surgical treatment option that may offer improved function. A cost-effectiveness analysis of these interventions has never been performed, and no head-to-head comparative effectiveness trials currently exist...
September 29, 2016: Orthopedics
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