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Ectopic Ureter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135146/-laparoscopic-heminephrureterectomy-for-duplex-kidney-in-children
#1
I M Kagantsov, V V Sizonov, V I Dubrov, S G Bon-Darenko, N R Akramov, O S Shmyrov, G I Kuzovleva, N V Markov, D E Sablin, R V Surov, A V Pirogov, A A Logval
INTRODUCTION: Duplication of the upper urinary tract is one of the most common congenital urological anomalies. In patients with critically decreased or lost function of one of the renal segments, heminephrureterectomy is usually the treatment of choice. Until recently, this was an open surgery; in cases of complete removal of the ureter, an additional incision in the iliac region was required. Currently, heminephrureterectomy is increasingly performed laparoscopically. We report the experience in laparoscopic heminephrureterectomy (LHNUE) in 10 clinics in Russia and Belarus...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109083/activated-hedgehog-gli-signaling-causes-congenital-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#2
Sepideh Sheybani-Deloui, Lijun Chi, Marian V Staite, Jason E Cain, Brain J Nieman, R Mark Henkelman, Brandon J Wainwright, S Steven Potter, Darius J Bagli, Armando J Lorenzo, Norman D Rosenblum
Intrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction is the most common cause of congenital hydronephrosis, yet the underlying pathogenesis is undefined. Hedgehog proteins control morphogenesis by promoting GLI-dependent transcriptional activation and inhibiting the formation of the GLI3 transcriptional repressor. Hedgehog regulates differentiation and proliferation of ureteric smooth muscle progenitor cells during murine kidney-ureter development. Histopathologic findings of smooth muscle cell hypertrophy and stroma-like cells, consistently observed in obstructing tissue at the time of surgical correction, suggest that Hedgehog signaling is abnormally regulated during the genesis of congenital intrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983458/a-rare-association-of-anorectal-malformation-with-bladder-agenesis-bilateral-ectopic-ureter-and-left-pelviureteric-junction-obstruction
#3
Müslim Yurtçu, Alaeddin Dilsiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974870/preperitoneal-bladder-augmentation-feasibility-and-results
#4
Dhruva Nath Ghosh, Sampath Karl, Sudipta Sen
INTRODUCTION: Bladder augmentation is an important part of pediatric reconstructive urology. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility and results of our technique of preperitoneal bladder augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three children underwent preperitoneal bladder augmentation for small inelastic bladders who had failed medical management or needed undiversion. The underlying diagnosis included neurogenic bladder, valve bladder, bladder exstrophy, non-neurogenic neurogenic, ectopic ureters, and urogenital sinus...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943272/clinical-outcomes-of-the-upper-urinary-tract-after-ureteral-clipping-for-the-treatment-of-low-or-non-functioning-renal-moieties
#5
Roberto Iglesias Lopes, Nicolas Fernandez, Martin A Koyle, Joana Dos Santos, Jaime Perez, Rodrigo Romao, Armando J Lorenzo
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence suggest it is safe to ligate the ureter of poorly functioning renal moieties during renal transplantation. Herein, we present clinical outcomes and data on hydronephrosis progression in pediatric cases associated with ectopic ureters and obstructive ureteroceles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective data collection on 35 consecutive patients (23 female, 12 male) who underwent ureteral clipping between 02/2011 and 08/2016. Patients were divided in four groups [I: duplex system (DS) with ectopic ureter (45...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928250/coexistent-duplication-of-urethra-and-a-refluxing-ectopic-ureter-presenting-as-recurrent-epididymo-orchitis-in-a-child
#6
Ferzine Mohamed, Susan Jehangir
Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUTs) occur in 3-6 per 1000 live births, accounting for most cases of paediatric end-stage kidney disease.(1) However, the molecular basis of CAKUT and anomalies of the external genitalia is poorly understood. We, herein, describe a case with left recurrent epididymo-orchitis with a coexistent urethral duplication and an ectopic ureter with an ipsilateral non-functioning kidney, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of its kind...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702364/robotic-assisted-common-sheath-ureteroneocystostomy-of-an-injured-ectopic-ureter-diagnosed-in-the-acute-post-operative-setting-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#7
Matthew Rohloff, Cody Christensen, Thomas Maatman
Radical prostatectomies are one of the most commonly performed operations for the robotic urologist. When a rare anatomic anomaly leads to an unrecognized intraoperative injury, standard postoperative management becomes complicated. We present the case of a patient with an iatrogenic injury to an ectopic ureter that under went a robotic assisted common sheath ureteroneocystostomy three days post robotic assisted radical prostatectomy.
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551690/neonatal-gartner-duct-cyst-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Charu Tiwari, Hemanshi Shah, Jayesh Desale, Mukta Waghmare
Vaginal cysts are rare, particularly in the newborn. They usually present as one of these three entities in the newborn: paraurethral cysts (Skene duct cysts), Gartner duct cysts (mesonephric ductal remnants) or a covered ectopic ureter. Abdominal ultrasound should always be included in the clinical evaluation in search of renal anomalies. We report two cases of Gartner cysts in neonates.
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403495/-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-in-kidney-ureter-and-bladder-trauma
#9
Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390102/surgical-management-of-ectopic-ureters-in-dogs-clinical-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-for-long-term-continence
#10
Stéphanie M Noël, Stéphanie Claeys, Annick J Hamaide
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes after surgical correction of ectopic ureters (EU) and identify prognostic factors for long-term continence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-seven dogs (36 females and 11 males). METHODS: Medical records (1999-2016) of dogs with surgical correction of EU were reviewed. A continence score (1 = incontinent, 2 = sporadic incontinence, 3 = continent) was attributed preoperatively, at discharge, 1 month postoperatively, and at long-term evaluation...
July 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319023/isolated-bilateral-simplex-ureteric-ectopia-bladder-capacity-as-an-indicator-of-continence-outcome
#11
Vasilis Stavrinides, Paul Charlesworth, Dan Wood, Divyesh Desai, Abraham Cherian, Imran Mushtaq, Peter Cuckow, Naima Smeulders
INTRODUCTION: Isolated bilateral simplex ectopic ureters (BSEUs) are rare but pose a therapeutic challenge: ureteric reimplantation alone does not accomplish continence in all. Identifying the patients needing additional procedures for continence early could prevent multiple operations. OBJECTIVE: Potential preoperative indicators for postoperative continence are explored in eight BSEU girls without cloacal, anorectal, or spinal anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: With institutional approval, all patients with BSEU between 1985 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264537/-locally-advanced-ureteral-cancer-seen-in-an-ectopic-kidney-a-case-report
#12
REVIEW
Koki Maeda, Yusaku Okada, Susumu Kageyama, Mitsuhiro Narita, Akihiro Kawauchi
An ectopic kidney is a common congenital anomaly of the urogenital system, but malignant tumor in an ectopic kidney has been rarely reported. We report a case of ureteral carcinoma arising from an ectopic kidney in an 83-year-old male. He visited a hospital complaining of gross hematuria. Computed tomography revealed right ectopic kidney, right ureteral tumor and bladder tumor around the right ureteral orifice. Transurethral resection of the bladder tumor was performed and histopathological diagnosis was urothelial carcinoma...
February 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167691/robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-duplex-kidney-with-ectopic-ureter-draining-in-the-vagina-in-an-adult-patient-with-urinary-incontinence
#13
Humza Mahmood, Marios Hadjipavlou, Raj Das, Chris Anderson
A duplex kidney system with an ectopic ureter draining into the vagina is a congenital malformation that typically presents as refractory urinary incontinence. Diagnosis is often difficult to establish and delayed due to a low incidence. We present the case of a patient aged 26 years with a life-long history of persistent urinary incontinence. Initial presentation was at childhood; however, the diagnosis went undetermined for 22 years. CT urography revealed a duplex kidney with an atrophic upper pole associated with an ectopic ureter that drained into the vaginal vault...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126394/laparoscopic-selective-clipping-of-upper-moiety-vasculature-and-ureter-without-partial-nephrectomy-a-novel-technique-for-pediatric-urinary-incontinence-due-to-ectopic-ureter-associated-with-poor-functioning-upper-renal-moiety
#14
S H Hosseini Sharifi, B Nabavizadeh, S Mozafarpour, A-M Kajbafzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a novel laparoscopic technique for persistent urinary incontinence in pediatrics due to ectopic ureter associated with poor functioning upper renal moiety. METHODS: This technique consisted of laparoscopic clipping of the upper moiety artery and vein. The ectopic ureter was also clipped afterwards without upper pole partial nephrectomy. RESULTS: The patient was a seven-year-old girl with persistent urinary incontinence and confirmation of duplex kidney with poor functioning upper moiety in pre-operative investigations...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935666/comparison-of-transverse-computed-tomographic-excretory-urography-images-and-maximum-intensity-projection-images-for-diagnosing-ectopic-ureters-in-dogs
#15
Scott Secrest, Andrew Bugbee, Kenneth Waller, David A Jiménez
Computed tomographic maximum intensity projection (MIP) images have been shown to improve reader confidence in their diagnoses and to improve detection of vascular structures and pulmonary nodules. The objectives of this method comparison study were to compare transverse source computed tomographic excretory urography (CTEU) images to two, five, and 10 slab thick MIP images for diagnosing canine ectopic ureters, compare reader confidence, and evaluate interobserver agreement. Two board-certified veterinary radiologists and a board-certified small animal internist blindly reviewed transverse source CTEU and two, five, and 10 slab thick MIP images of 24 dogs enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932430/bladder-agenesis-ectopic-ureters-and-a-multicystic-dysplastic-horseshoe-kidney-in-one-twin-newborn-with-normal-amniotic-fluid-index-in-utero
#16
Marium Naveed Khan, William F Walsh
A monochorionic-diamniotic twin baby presented with intrauterine growth restriction and anuria. The baby was found to have bladder agenesis, a pelvic dysplastic horseshoe kidney, vertebral anomalies, a ventricular septal defect and facial dysmorphisms. It was surprising to find no abnormalities in amniotic fluid indices prenatally, suggesting the possibility of urine output that declined as the pregnancy proceeded. Some degree of twin-to-twin transfusion of amniotic fluid was also possible, which could have rescued the oligohydramnios known to be associated with kidney and urinary tract abnormalities...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882234/dysgerminoma-developing-from-an-ectopic-ovary-in-a-patient-with-wagr-syndrome-a-case-report
#17
Rie Miura, Yoshihito Yokoyama, Tatsuhiko Shigeto, Masayuki Futagami, Hideki Mizunuma, Akira Kurose, Kazushi Tsuruga, Shinya Sasaki, Kiminori Terui, Etsuro Ito
WAGR syndrome is caused by an 11p13 deletion and includes Wilms' tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies and mental retardation. We encountered a case of a dysgerminoma originating in an ectopic ovary in a woman with WAGR syndrome. Our patient was a 24-year-old nulliparous woman who was diagnosed with WAGR syndrome. The patient had undergone left nephrectomy for a Wilms' tumor and postoperative chemotherapy at the age of 7 months. She also had a history of glaucoma surgery in both eyes, and was followed up at the Department of Pediatrics for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver dysfunction and hyperuricemia...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861623/clinical-implications-of-obstructed-hemivagina-and-ipsilateral-renal-anomaly-ohvira-syndrome-in-the-prepubertal-age-group
#18
Jang Hee Han, Yong Seung Lee, Young Jae Im, Sang Woon Kim, Mi-Jung Lee, Sang Won Han
PURPOSE: Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by Müllerian duct and renal anomalies. It is usually regarded as a disease of adolescence; however, due to a number of possible problems, the management of patients before puberty should not be overlooked. We assessed the clinical course of prepubertal patients to propose appropriate management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 43 prepubertal OHVIRA syndrome patients who were diagnosed and followed up at our institution from July 2004 to June 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843215/extravesical-modified-gregoir-lich-versus-intravesical-cohen-s-ureteric-reimplantation-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-a-single-center-experience
#19
Krishnamoorthy Sriram, Ramesh Babu
INTRODUCTION: There are multiple techniques for surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). We compared the outcomes of extravesical versus Cohen's reimplantation for VUR in children. METHODS: Records of all children (n = 118) who underwent reimplantation for VUR between 2003 and 2014 were analyzed (male: female = 43:75). Children with secondary VUR, duplication anomalies, and ectopic ureter were excluded from our study. Extravesical reimplantation (EVR) was performed bilateral in 32 children (Group 1a) and unilateral in 19 (Group 1b), while bilateral Cohen's reimplantation was performed in 67 (Group 2)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803533/single-system-ectopic-ureter-a-late-diagnosis-and-successful-management
#20
Savita Ashutosh Somalwar, Swanand Eknath Chaudhary, Sulabha Avinash Joshi, Anuja Vivek Bhalerao, Sheela Hemant Jain, Medha Keshao Nagpure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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