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Duplex Kidney

Sanjay Khadgi, Babu Shrestha, Hamdy Ibrahim, Sunil Shrestha, Mohammed S ElSheemy, Ahmed M Al-Kandari
To evaluate safety and efficacy of minipercutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini-PNL) in management of stones in different types of renal anomalies. Patients with stones ≥2 cm or SWL-resistant stones in anomalous-kidneys treated by Mini-PNL between March 2010 and September 2012 were included prospectively. Mini-PNL was done under regional anesthesia in prone position with fluoroscopic guidance through 18 Fr sheath using semirigid ureteroscope (8.5/11.5 Fr) and pneumatic lithotripter. All patients were followed-up for 2-3 years...
October 4, 2016: Urolithiasis
Alok Sharma, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi, Akshay Kumar Saxena, Anmol Bhatia, Prema Menon, Katragadda L N Rao, Niranjan Khandelwal
AIMS: To compare intravenous urography (IVU) and magnetic resonance urography (MRU) in the preoperative evaluation of pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 children up to 10 years of age in whom unilateral or bilateral PUJO were suspected on ultrasonography were enrolled in this prospective study. All children underwent IVU and MRU, and the findings were compared. RESULTS: Of the 70 kidneys evaluated, 14 (20%) were not visualized on IVU because of nonexcretion of contrast, whereas all the 70 (100%) kidneys were visualized on MRU...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Mittul Gulati, Suzanne L Palmer, Michael Y Im, Hossein Jadvar, Yasir A Qazi, Umer Fazli, Edward G Grant
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine a velocity threshold in the main renal vein (MRV) of renal transplants and evaluate the cause and clinical significance of elevated velocity. METHODS: Maximum MRV velocity from 331 consecutive renal transplant Doppler ultrasounds in 170 patients was recorded. A priori, twice the median MRV velocity was selected as the threshold for elevation. Ultrasounds were divided into "early" and "late" periods based on time after transplantation...
August 26, 2016: Clinical Imaging
Peiyan Liu, Yueling Sun, Guangbin Qiu, Hongkun Jiang, Guangrong Qiu
Congenital heart diseases (CHDs) are the most common birth defects due to abnormal cardiac development. The T-box 20 (TBX20) gene is a member of the T‑box family of transcription factors and encodes TBX20, which is essential for early heart development. In the present study, reduced TBX20 expression was observed in CHD tissue samples compared with normal tissues, and the function of TBX20 in Rattus norvegicus myocardial cells [H9c2(2-1)] and human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) was investigated. TBX20 was silenced in H9c2 and HEK293 cells via transfection of small interfering RNA and short hairpin RNA duplexes, respectively, and TBX20 mRNA and protein levels were subsequently examined using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) and western blot analysis...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wei Liu, Liujuan Zhang, Rui Ma, Rongde Wu
BACKGROUND: Duplex kidney is a common congenital anomaly of the urinary tract, while ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in lower unit of duplex kidney is rare. Surgical treatment can be challenging in such cases. The aim was to report our experience in managements of UPJO in lower moiety of duplex kidney. METHODS: Among the pediatric patients with duplex system from 2007-2013, 7 children were diagnosed with UPJO in lower moiety. Their medical records were retrospectively analyzed, mainly focused on anatomic aspects and operation details...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Luc Joyeux, Isabelle Lacreuse, Anne Schneider, Raphael Moog, Josephine Borgnon, Manuel Lopez, François Varlet, François Becmeur, Emmanuel Sapin
BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneoscopic upper pole heminephrectomy (RUHN) in duplex kidney in children remains a challenging procedure with a need for postoperative functional assessment of the remnant lower pole. We aimed to calculate the incidence of long-term functional renal outcomes in these children and examine the effect of age on those outcomes. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of 9 years included all patients undergoing RUHN and evaluated by renal ultrasound (US) and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy pre and postoperatively...
July 15, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Weiran Shen, Xuefeng Deng, Wei Zou, John F Engelhardt, Ziying Yan, Jianming Qiu
UNLABELLED: Parvoviruses are single-stranded DNA viruses that use the palindromic structures at the ends of the viral genome for their replication. The mechanism of parvovirus replication has been studied mostly in the dependoparvovirus adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV2) and the protoparvovirus minute virus of mice (MVM). Here, we used human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1) to understand the replication mechanism of bocaparvovirus. HBoV1 is pathogenic to humans, causing acute respiratory tract infections, especially in young children under 2 years old...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Aleksandra Policha, Patrick Lamparello, Mikel Sadek, Todd Berland, Thomas Maldonado
OBJECTIVES: Nutcracker syndrome, or mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein (LRV), with associated symptoms related to venous hypertension in the left kidney, is a rare entity that may result in severe symptoms requiring operative intervention. We report on three patients who presented with nutcracker syndrome, including one patient with a circumaortic LRV resulting in posterior nutcracker syndrome, who underwent successful endovascular treatment with renal vein stenting. A review of existing literature on endovascular management of nutcracker syndrome follows...
June 16, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Georges Ephrem, Sireesha Garikipati, Ivan D Hanson
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous endovascular revascularization requires the use of fluoroscopic guidance and radiopaque contrast. We present a successful intervention without the use of iodinated contrast. CASE: A 92-year-old man with dry gangrene involving the second and fourth left toes had acute on chronic kidney injury. Arterial duplex showed severe stenosis in bilateral superficial femoral arteries (SFAs). Fluoroscopic and ultrasound guidance and intravascular imaging were used to avoid iodinated contrast...
September 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Patrícia Barreto, Paulo Almeida, Norton de Matos, José Alexandre Queirós, Joaquim Pinheiro, Fernanda Silva, Telmo Carvalho, Rui Almeida, António Cabrita
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis (HD) is the main treatment modality in stage 5 chronic kidney disease, and vascular access planning is a crucial step in the path to dialysis treatment. Beyond detailed patient history and physical examination, duplex ultrasound (DU) evaluation is essential in preoperative vascular mapping. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive nonrandomized study was performed and included 108 end-stage kidney disease patients referred from eight HD centers to be assessed for creation of an arteriovenous (AV) access (AV fistula or AV graft)...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Ha T Dong, Warachin Gangnonngiw, Kornsunee Phiwsaiya, Walaiporn Charoensapsri, Vuong V Nguyen, Pål Nilsen, Padmaja J Pradeep, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul, Saengchan Senapin, Channarong Rodkhum
Conventional isolation and identification based on phenotypic characteristics is challenging with the highly fastidious, intracellular bacterium Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (Fno). Here, we developed a duplex PCR method for simultaneous detection of the Francisella genus and Fno in one PCR reaction and an in situ hybridization method for paraffin section based diagnosis of Fno. The PCR results showed genus- and species-specific bands (1140 and 203 bp) from Fno but only one genus-specific band (1140 bp) from F...
June 15, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Jillian Casey, Allan Jenkinson, Alex Magee, Sean Ennis, Ahmad Monavari, Andrew Green, Sally A Lynch, Ellen Crushell, Joanne Hughes
We report a female child from an Irish Traveller family presenting with severe intellectual disability, dysmorphic features, renal anomalies, dental caries and cyclical vomiting. Current health issues include global developmental delay, mild concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, dental malocclusion and caries and a single duplex left kidney. The proband and her mother also have multiple epiphyseal dysplasia. Whole-exome sequencing was performed to identify the underlying genetic cause. DNA from the proband was enriched with the Agilent Sure Select v5 Exon array and sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq...
October 2016: Clinical Dysmorphology
M C Kihm, B Vogel, M Zeier, L P Kihm
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is one of the most relevant long-term complications of atherosclerotic disease. It is associated both with hypertension and increased renal and cardiovascular risk and overall mortality. Diagnostic modalities include non-invasive duplex ultrasound, dynamic magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computer tomography angiography (CTA) and are confirmed by using invasive renal angiography. Percutaneous revascularization of renal artery stenosis has been studied in various clinical trials...
June 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Masaru Motojima, Sho Tanimoto, Masato Ohtsuka, Taiji Matsusaka, Tsutomu Kume, Koichiro Abe
Foxc1 and Foxc2 play key roles in mouse development. Foxc1 mutant mice develop duplex kidneys with double ureters, and lack calvarial and sternal bones. Foxc2 null mice have been reported to have glomerular abnormalities in the kidney and axial skeletal anomalies. Expression patterns of Foxc1 and Foxc2 overlap extensively and are believed to have interactive roles. However, cooperative roles of these factors in glomerular and skeletal development are unknown. Therefore, we examined the kidneys and skeleton of mice that were double heterozygous for Foxc1 and Foxc2...
2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Honghan Gong, Lei Gao, Xi-Jian Dai, Fuqing Zhou, Ning Zhang, Xianjun Zeng, Jian Jiang, Laichang He
BACKGROUND: Duplex kidney is a common anomaly that is frequently associated with multiple complications. Typical computed tomography urography (CTU) includes four phases (unenhanced, arterial, parenchymal and excretory) and has been suggested to considerably aid in the duplex kidney diagnosi. Unfortunately, regarding duplex kidney with prolonged dilatation, the affected parenchyma and tortuous ureters demonstrate a lack of or delayed excretory opacification. We used prolonged-delay CTU, which consists of another prolonged-delay phase (1- to 72-h delay; mean delay: 24 h) to opacify the duplicated ureters and affected parenchyma...
2016: BMC Urology
Sung Min Kim, Youngjin Han, Hyunwook Kwon, Hee Sun Hong, Ji Yoon Choi, Hojong Park, Tae-Won Kwon, Yong-Pil Cho
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the possible predictors of primary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure and examine the impact of a preoperative evaluation on AVF outcomes. METHODS: A total of 539 patients who underwent assessment for a suitable site for AVF creation by physical examination alone or additional duplex ultrasound were included in this study. Demographics, patient characteristics, and AVF outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: AVF creation was proposed in 469 patients (87...
April 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Takashi Mizowaki, Atsushi Fujita, Taichiro Imahori, Atsushi Uyama, Satoshi Inoue, Masaaki Kohta, Hirotoshi Hamaguchi, Takashi Sasayama, Kohkichi Hosoda, Eiji Kohmura
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the safety and feasibility of duplex-assisted carotid artery stenting (CAS) without administration of contrast medium for the prevention of adverse reactions. METHODS: Fifteen patients (9 % of all CASs) with severe carotid stenosis (≥70 %) associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (stage ≥3) or allergy to contrast medium underwent duplex-assisted CAS without administration of contrast medium over 4 years. The procedural success rate and perioperative complication rates were compared between the duplex-assisted CAS (n = 15) and conventional CAS (n = 153) groups...
July 2016: Neuroradiology
Elias Noory, Aljoscha Rastan, Ulrich Beschorner, Roland Macharzina, Thomas Zeller
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation between the transstenotic pressure gradient as determined by a pressure wire and the decrease in the intrarenal resistance index (RI) > 0.05 measured by duplex ultrasound in significant unilateral renal artery stenosis (RAS). Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was correlated to the angiographic degree of RAS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 17 patients, transstenotic pressure gradient measurements, IVUS and RI measurements were obtained before and after stenting...
2016: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Sander Groen In 't Woud, Kirsten Y Renkema, Michiel F Schreuder, Charlotte H W Wijers, Loes F M van der Zanden, Nine V A M Knoers, Wout F J Feitz, Ernie M H F Bongers, Nel Roeleveld, Iris A L M van Rooij
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) comprise a heterogeneous group of birth defects with a variety of genetic and nongenetic factors suspected of involvement in the etiology. However, little is known about risk factors in specific CAKUT phenotypes. Therefore, we studied potential maternal risk factors in individual phenotypes within the CAKUT spectrum. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected from parents of 562 children with CAKUT and 2139 healthy controls within the AGORA data- and biobank...
July 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Anna Obiegala, Dietlinde Woll, Carolin Karnath, Cornelia Silaghi, Susanne Schex, Sandra Eßbauer, Martin Pfeffer
Small mammals serve as most important reservoirs for Leptospira spp., the causative agents of Leptospirosis, which is one of the most neglected and widespread zoonotic diseases worldwide. The knowledge about Leptospira spp. occurring in small mammals from Germany is scarce. Thus, this study's objectives were to investigate the occurrence of Leptospira spp. and the inherent sequence types in small mammals from three different study sites: a forest in southern Germany (site B1); a National Park in south-eastern Germany (site B2) and a renaturalised area, in eastern Germany (site S) where small mammals were captured...
March 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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