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randomised controlled trial,systematic review and meta-analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931870/effects-of-early-mobilisation-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
P M Ramos Dos Santos, N Aquaroni Ricci, É Aparecida Bordignon Suster, D de Moraes Paisani, L Dias Chiavegato
BACKGROUND: Early mobilisation is prescribed after cardiac surgery to prevent postoperative complications, decrease length of hospital stay, and augment return to daily activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the effects of early mobilisation in patients after cardiac surgery on length of hospital stay, functional capacity and postoperative complications. DATA SOURCES: The data sources used were Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
September 14, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919935/secondary-prevention-lifestyle-interventions-initiated-within-90-days-after-tia-or-minor-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rehabilitation-programmes
#2
Neil Heron, Frank Kee, Christopher Cardwell, Mark A Tully, Michael Donnelly, Margaret E Cupples
BACKGROUND: Strokes are often preceded by a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or 'minor' stroke. The immediate period after a TIA/minor stroke is a crucial time to initiate secondary prevention. However, the optimal approach to prevention, including non-pharmacological measures, after TIA is not clear. AIM: To systematically review evidence about the effectiveness of delivering secondary prevention, with lifestyle interventions, in comprehensive rehabilitation programmes, initiated within 90 days of a TIA/minor stroke...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912941/effects-of-dance-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-with-ageing-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Mauricio Krause, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Exercising, including dancing, has been recommended to improve cardiovascular health of older people. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis verifying the effects of dance interventions on cardiovascular risk (CVR) in the elderly, comparing dancers to non-exercise controls and other types of exercise, in randomised (RCTs) and non-randomised control trials (nRCTs). Primary/Secondary outcomes: peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak)/anthropometric measurements (body weight, BMI), and lipid profile...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911487/external-inspection-of-compliance-with-standards-for-improved-healthcare-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Gerd Flodgren, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Marie-Pascale Pomey
BACKGROUND: Inspection systems are used in healthcare to promote quality improvements (i.e. to achieve changes in organisational structures or processes, healthcare provider behaviour and patient outcomes). These systems are based on the assumption that externally promoted adherence to evidence-based standards (through inspection/assessment) will result in higher quality of healthcare. However, the benefits of external inspection in terms of organisational-, provider- and patient-level outcomes are not clear...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909040/association-between-organisational-and-workplace-cultures-and-patient-outcomes-systematic-review-protocol
#5
J Braithwaite, J Herkes, K Ludlow, G Lamprell, L Testa
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread interest in the topic, no current synthesis of research is available analysing the linkages between organisational or workplace cultures on the one hand, and patient outcomes on the other. This protocol proposes a systematic review to analyse and synthesise the literature to date on this topic. The resulting review will discuss characteristics of included studies in terms of the type of healthcare settings researched, the measurements of organisational and workplace culture, patient outcomes measured and the influence of these cultures on patient outcomes...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908607/impact-of-remote-ischaemic-preconditioning-on-major-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-32-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Shifei Wang, Hairui Li, Nvqin He, Yili Sun, Shengcun Guo, Wangjun Liao, Yulin Liao, Yanmei Chen, Jianping Bin
BACKGROUND: The impact of remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) on major clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery remains controversial. We systematically reviewed the available evidence to evaluate the potential benefits of RIPC in such patients. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) conducted between January 2006 and March 2016. The pooled population of patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery was divided into the RIPC and control groups...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903557/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-icbt-i-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#7
Yuan-Yuan Ye, Ni-Ka Chen, Jia Chen, Juan Liu, Ling Lin, Ya-Zhen Liu, Ying Lang, Xun-Jun Li, Xin-Ju Yang, Xiao-Jiang Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (ICBT-i) in adults. DESIGN: A meta-analysis of ICBT-i. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches of randomised controlled trials of ICBT-i were performed in the PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library databases up to 19 June 2016. REVIEW METHOD: 2 reviewers independently performed study selection, quality assessment and data extraction...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899362/antenatal-corticosteroids-for-maturity-of-term-or-near-term-fetuses-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899082/interventions-to-improve-gross-motor-performance-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#9
Barbara R Lucas, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sarah Coggan, Rafael Z Pinto, Tracy Jirikowic, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Jane Latimer
BACKGROUND: Gross motor skills are fundamental to childhood development. The effectiveness of current physical therapy options for children with mild to moderate gross motor disorders is unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions to improve gross motor performance in children with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894896/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-dual-versus-single-antiplatelet-therapy-in-carotid-interventions
#10
REVIEW
M Barkat, S Hajibandeh, S Hajibandeh, F Torella, G A Antoniou
BACKGROUND: The importance of antiplatelet therapy for the management and prevention of ischaemic stroke cannot be overstated. Despite the established guidelines, there is no clear consensus on how to manage antiplatelet therapy during and after carotid interventions. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to undertake a systematic literature review and perform a meta-analysis to assess the effects of dual antiplatelet therapy in carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and stenting (CAS)...
November 26, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894673/treatment-related-death-in-cancer-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
O Abdel-Rahman, D Helbling, J Schmidt, U Petrausch, A Giryes, A Mehrabi, O Schöb, M Mannhart, H Oweira
AIMS: We carried out a meta-analysis to determine the risk of treatment-related death associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor use in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined data from the Medline and Google Scholar databases. We also examined original studies and review articles for cross-references. Eligible studies included randomised phase II and phase III trials of patients with cancer treated with ipilimumab, pembrolizumab; nivolumab; tremelimumab and atezolizumab...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893176/desmopressin-for-treatment-of-platelet-dysfunction-and-reversal-of-antiplatelet-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
M J R Desborough, K A Oakland, G Landoni, M Crivellari, C Doree, L J Estcourt, S J Stanworth
BACKGROUND: Platelet dysfunction, including that caused by antiplatelet agents, increases the risk of perioperative bleeding. The optimal management of patients with platelet dysfunction undergoing surgery is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether desmopressin reduces perioperative allogeneic red cell transfusion and bleeding for patients with platelet dysfunction. PATIENTS/METHODS: We searched for randomised controlled trials in The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, the Transfusion Evidence Library and ISI Web of Science to 7(th) July 2016...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889585/devices-and-dressings-to-secure-peripheral-venous-catheters-a-cochrane-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Nicole Marsh, Joan Webster, Gabor Mihala, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous catheterisation is the most frequent invasive procedure performed in hospitalised patients; yet over 30% of peripheral venous catheters fail before treatment ends. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of peripheral venous catheter dressings and securement devices on the incidence of peripheral venous catheter failure. DATA SOURCES: We searched the Cochrane Wounds Group Register, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE; EMBASE and CINAHL for any randomised controlled trials comparing different dressings or securement devices used to stabilise peripheral venous catheters...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885778/single-dose-versus-multiple-dose-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
R Pinto-Lopes, B Sousa-Pinto, L F Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antibiotics are traditionally given as a single dose for caesarean section. However, inconsistent application of recommendations and recent evidence prompted a literature review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the optimal regimen for antibiotic prophylaxis in caesarean section by comparing single versus multiple doses of the same intervention. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, SCOPUS, CENTRAL and ongoing trials databases were searched...
November 24, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884855/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-psychological-therapies-compared-to-usual-postnatal-care-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-women-following-traumatic-birth-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Marie Furuta, Debbie Spain, Debra Bick, Edmond S W Ng, Jacqueline Sin
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mental health has been largely neglected in the literature. Women, however, may be vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress symptoms or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), following traumatic birth. In turn, this may affect their capacity for child rearing and ability to form a secure bond with their baby and impact on the wider family. Trauma-focused psychological therapies (TFPT) are widely regarded as effective and acceptable interventions for PTSD in general and clinical populations...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884841/herbal-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
Mi Ju Son, Songie Choi, Young-Eun Kim, Yun Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical evidence supporting the use of herbal medicines (HMs) for the treatment of otitis media with effusion (OME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, AMED, CINAHL and three trial registries were searched up to January 2015. We also searched five Korean medical databases (KoreaMed, RISS, OASIS, DBPIA and KISS) and three Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang and VIP)...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884719/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials-on-the-effectiveness-of-school-based-dental-screening-versus-no-screening-on-improving-oral-health-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Easter Joury, Eduardo Bernabe, Wael Sabbah, Kamal Nakhleh, Kurinchi Gurusamy
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of school-based dental screening versus no screening on improving oral health in children aged 3-18 years by a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Three sets of independent reviewers searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and other sources through April 2016 to identify published and nonpublished studies without language restrictions and extracted data...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883365/educational-interventions-for-the-management-of-cancer-related-fatigue-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Sally Bennett, Amanda Pigott, Elaine M Beller, Terry Haines, Pamela Meredith, Christie Delaney
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is reported as the most common and distressing symptom experienced by patients with cancer. It can exacerbate the experience of other symptoms, negatively affect mood, interfere with the ability to carry out everyday activities, and negatively impact on quality of life. Educational interventions may help people to manage this fatigue or to cope with this symptom, and reduce its overall burden. Despite the importance of education for managing cancer-related fatigue there are currently no systematic reviews examining this approach...
November 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880893/postoperative-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-following-hysterectomy-by-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-notes-compared-to-laparoscopy-in-women-with-a-non-prolapsed-uterus-and-benign-gynaecological-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jan Baekelandt, Peter A De Mulder, Ilse Le Roy, Chantal Mathieu, Annouschka Laenen, Paul Enzlin, Steven Weyers, Ben W J Mol, Jan J A Bosteels
OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise studies comparing benefits and harms in women with benign disease without prolapse undergoing hysterectomy by natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) versus laparoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: We followed the PRISMA guidelines. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL for randomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and cohort studies comparing NOTES with laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) or total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) in women bound to undergo removal of a non-prolapsed uterus for benign disease...
October 29, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879472/can-patient-reported-measurements-of-pain-be-used-to-improve-cancer-pain-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Rosalind Adam, Christopher D Burton, Christine M Bond, Marijn de Bruin, Peter Murchie
PURPOSE: Cancer pain is a distressing and complex experience. It is feasible that the systematic collection and feedback of patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) relating to pain could enhance cancer pain management. We aimed to conduct a systematic review of interventions in which patient-reported pain data were collected and fed back to patients and/or professionals in order to improve cancer pain control. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases were searched for randomised and non-randomised controlled trials in which patient-reported data were collected and fed back with the intention of improving pain management by adult patients or professionals...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
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