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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452722/traumatic-lingual-hematoma-resulting-in-bilateral-temporal-mandibular-joint-dislocations
#1
Dhara P Amin, Michael N Cooper, Kim I Newton
BACKGROUND: Lingual hematoma (LH) is a relatively uncommon entity seen after both medical and traumatic etiologies. Regardless of the cause, the feared complication is acute airway obstruction. CASE REPORT: Our case involves a 39-year-old man who presented to the Emergency Department via emergency medical services with an enlarging LH after an unwitnessed fall, suspected to be an alcohol withdrawal seizure. The bleeding was likely exacerbated by previously undiagnosed thrombocytopenia...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445598/small-incisions-major-complications-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-management-of-intraoperative-complications
#2
William Grossi, Gianluca Masullo, Francesco Londero, Angelo Morelli
The object of our study is to show the causes leading to conversion, in order to observe the responsible variables and analyses if conversion influences the patient's outcome. Between January 2013 and December 2016, Udine Thoracic Department performed 180 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomies, and 24 cases were converted to thoracotomy due to an intra-operative complication such as arterial or venous bleeding, airway and other injuries. The VATS lobectomies' number increased over the three years: from 27 in 2013 to 55 in 2015 and 48 in 2016...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441123/circulation-first-the-time-has-come-to-question-the-sequencing-of-care-in-the-abcs-of-trauma-an-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multicenter-trial
#3
Paula Ferrada, Rachael A Callcut, David J Skarupa, Therese M Duane, Alberto Garcia, Kenji Inaba, Desmond Khor, Vincent Anto, Jason Sperry, David Turay, Rachel M Nygaard, Martin A Schreiber, Toby Enniss, Michelle McNutt, Herb Phelan, Kira Smith, Forrest O Moore, Irene Tabas, Joseph Dubose
Background: The traditional sequence of trauma care: Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC) has been practiced for many years. It became the standard of care despite the lack of scientific evidence. We hypothesized that patients in hypovolemic shock would have comparable outcomes with initiation of bleeding treatment (transfusion) prior to intubation (CAB), compared to those patients treated with the traditional ABC sequence. Methods: This study was sponsored by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma multicenter trials committee...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416454/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-c-mac-d-blade-and-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-nasotracheal-intubation-in-patients-undergoing-surgeries-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#4
Hrishikesh Hazarika, Anudeep Saxena, Pradeep Meshram, Ajay Kumar Bhargava
Purpose: Several devices are available to take care of difficult airway, but C-MAC D-Blade has scant evidence of its use in nasotracheal intubation in a difficult airway scenario. Aims and Objectives: We compared the C-MAC D-Blade videolaryngoscope™, and the standard Macintosh laryngoscope for nasal intubation in patients with difficult airways selected by El-Ganzouri risk index using parameters of time and attempts required for intubation, glottic view in terms of Cormack-Lehane grade, ease of intubation, success rate, use of accessory maneuvers, incidence of complications, and hemodynamic changes...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401075/comparison-of-nasal-intubations-by-glidescope-with-and-without-a-bougie-guide-in-patients-who-underwent-maxillofacial-surgeries-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Pejman Pourfakhr, Ailar Ahangari, Farhad Etezadi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Ayat Ahmadi, Negin Saeedi, Atabak Najafi
BACKGROUND: Nasotracheal intubation is commonly performed to provide a secure airway for the maintenance of general anesthesia in maxillofacial surgeries. Routine nasotracheal intubation is performed under general anesthesia by direct laryngoscopy, frequently with the aid of Magill forceps. This method can be time-consuming and may cause bleeding in the field of view. A gum elastic bougie (GEB) is a cheap, slender, and flexible device that could expedite nasotracheal intubation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a GEB during nasotracheal intubation to facilitate the procedure and reduce the rate of complications...
February 2, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392071/comparison-of-early-period-results-of-nasal-splint-and-merocel-nasal-packs-in-septoplasty
#6
Fatih Bingöl, Ali Budak, Eda Şimşek, Korhan Kılıç, Buket Özel Bingöl
Objective: Several types of nasal packs are used postoperatively in septoplasty. In this study, we compared two commonly used nasal packing materials, the intranasal septal splint with airway and Merocel tampon, in terms of pain, bleeding, nasal obstruction, eating difficulties, discomfort in sleep, and pain and bleeding during removal of packing in the early period. Methods: The study group included 60 patients undergoing septoplasty. Patients were divided into two groups (n=30 in each group)...
September 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391159/cricothyroid-membrane-puncture-guided-tracheostomy-a-new-technique-for-emergency-airway-access
#7
Youbai Chen, Yan Han, Meredith August, Nalton F Ferraro, Qixu Zhang, Haizhong Zhang
PURPOSE: We sought to compare cricothyroid membrane puncture-guided tracheostomy (CMPGT) with surgical cricothyroidotomy (SC) and percutaneous tracheostomy with Griggs' guidewire dilating forceps (GWDF) for establishing an emergency airway in a porcine model. We hypothesized that CMPGT would be associated with a shorter time to ventilation and more rapid restoration of oxygenation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We implemented a small pilot animal study. Eighteen miniature pigs were randomly assigned to undergo CMPGT, SC, or GWDF...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387622/knowledge-attitude-and-perceived-confidence-in-the-management-of-medical-emergencies-in-the-dental-office-a-survey-among-the-dental-students-and-interns
#8
Haifa Fahad Albelaihi, Athar Ibrahim Alweneen, Abeer Ettish, Faleh Ali Alshahrani
Aims and Objectives: Many situations in the dental office can provoke medical emergencies. Lack of training and inability to overcome the medical emergencies can lead to serious consequences and legal actions. The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the knowledge, attitude, and perceived confidence of dental students and interns in the management of medical emergency. Materials and Methods: A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed to 153 of the undergraduate dental students and interns in Qassim province...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362976/the-abc-and-pain-in-trauma
#9
REVIEW
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Andreas Kostroglou, Kostis Kostopanagiotou, Theodosis Saranteas
Musculoskeletal trauma in the emergency setting is a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. Life- and limb-threatening injuries of the extremities should be treated as soon as possible, since major musculoskeletal trauma can be the cause of significant bleeding. However, musculoskeletal trauma is often related to thoracic trauma. Management of the former should be performed only after patient's airway is maintained and breathing is secured with appropriate pain monitoring and management by expert anesthesiologists...
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358892/emergent-single-balloon-enteroscopy-for-overt-bleeding-of-small-intestinal-vascular-malformation
#10
Chen-Shuan Chung, Kuan-Chih Chen, Yueh-Hung Chou, Kuo-Hsin Chen
A 28-year-old man presented with anemia symptoms and intermittent tarry stool passage for three days. No stigmata of hemorrhage were identified using esophagogastroduodenoscopy, ileocolonoscopy, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography. He then developed massive tarry stool passage with profound hypovolemic shock and hypoxic respiratory failure. Emergent angiography revealed active bleeder, probably from the jejunal branches of the superior mesenteric artery, but embolization was not performed due to possible subsequent extensive bowel ischemia...
January 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357402/sudden-death-from-cardiopulmonary-arrest-on-arrival-of-a-patient-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-case-diagnosed-by-postmortem-ct-and-autopsy
#11
Daizo Yaguchi, Motoshi Ichikawa, Noriko Inoue, Daisuke Kobayashi, Masato Shizu, Naoyuki Imai, Kazuko Watanabe
Sudden death due to massive hemoptysis during management of tuberculosis occurs in a considerable number of patients. However, when massive airway hemorrhage occurs in a patient in whom tuberculosis has not been confirmed and a blood is not apparent externally on the face/body, it is difficult to immediately identify the cause of death as airway obstruction by tuberculous bleeding in the airway. We encountered an 83-year-old Japanese woman with her medical history included treatment of tuberculosis in her 20s who was in cardiopulmonary arrest on arrival (CPAOA), and the cause of sudden death could not initially be identified...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351111/novel-bronchoscopic-management-of-airway-bleeding-with-absorbable-gelatin-and-thrombin-slurry
#12
A Rolando Peralta, Mohit Chawla, Robert P Lee
BACKGROUND: Airway bleeding, either spontaneous or as a result of bronchoscopy, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Multiple bronchoscopic techniques are available to achieve complete hemostasis or as a bridge to definitive therapies. METHODS: We report our experience on the feasibility of endobronchial instillation of an absorbable gelatin and thrombin slurry (GTS) for the treatment of spontaneous hemoptysis and procedure-related bleeding. RESULTS: We identified 13 cases in which GTS was used for endobronchial hemostasis when standard bronchoscopic measures like cold saline, epinephrine, and in some cases balloon occlusion were not successful...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349487/lay-first-responder-training-in-eastern-uganda-leveraging-transportation-infrastructure-to-build-an-effective-prehospital-emergency-care-training-program
#13
Peter G Delaney, Richard Bamuleke, Yang Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Though road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major cause of mortality in East Africa, few countries have emergency medical services. The aim was to create a sustainable and efficient prehospital lay first responder program, creating a system with lay first responders spread through the 53 motorcycle taxi stages of Iganga Municipality. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four motorcycle taxi riders were taught a first aid curriculum in partnership with a local Red Cross first aid trainer and provided with a first aid kit following WHO guidelines for basic first aid...
January 18, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336401/bleeding-in-the-lung-complicates-a-routine-intracardiac-repair-what-went-wrong
#14
Neeti Makhija, Rohan Magoon, Minati Choudhury, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan
Cyanotic congenital heart disease presents an increased tendency to bleed in view of subtle coagulation defects. Airway bleeding can be particularly difficult to manage while maintaining an adequate ventilation. An isolated lung bleed with the exclusion of possible traumatic, medical and surgical causes of bleeding, should alert the attending anesthesiologist to the possibility of the collateral-related bleeding. Preoperative coil embolization remains an important initial management step in a case of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with major aortopulmonary collaterals...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284881/postoperative-chylothorax-of-unclear-etiology-in-a-patient-with-right-sided-subclavian-central-venous-catheter-placement
#15
Samie Asghar, Faisal Shamim
A young male underwent decompressive craniotomy for an intracerebral bleed. A right-sided subclavian central venous catheter was placed in the operating room after induction of anesthesia. Postoperatively, he was shifted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for mechanical ventilation due to low Glasgow coma scale. He had an episode of severe agitation and straining on the tracheal tube in the evening same day. On the 2nd postoperative day in ICU, his airway pressures were high, and chest X-ray revealed massive pleural effusion on right side...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277883/effects-of-different-anesthetic-agents-on-surgical-site-hemorrhage-during-circumcision
#16
Derya Karasu, Canan Yilmaz, Seyda Efsun Ozgunay, Isra Karaduman, Demet Ozer, Mete Kaya
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of ketamine+midazolam and propofol+sevoflurane anesthesia on surgical site hemorrhage during circumcision procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The boys undergoing circumcision surgery were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups. In Group 1 (n = 50), 0.01 mg/kg midazolam and 2 mg/kg IV ketamine were administered. In Group 2 (n = 50), 1 ?g/kg fentanyl, 1 mg/kg lidocaine 2%, and 2-3 mg/kg IV propofol were administered, and patency of airway was ensured with a laryngeal mask airway...
December 26, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247265/end-of-life-care-pathway-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-single-institution-experience
#17
T Heinonen, V Loimu, K Saarilahti, T Saarto, A Mäkitie
BACKGROUND: Studies on palliative care of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients are scarce although the affected patient population is quite large. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of a specialised palliative-care pathway of HNC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on all HNC patients who were treated at the Helsinki University Hospital Palliative Care Center during 1 year were retrospectively reviewed. The analysis comprised 60 patients (49 males; mean age 67 years; range 28-88)...
December 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230562/risks-of-bleeding-and-thrombosis-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-haematological-malignancies
#18
Lene Russell, Lars Broksø Holst, Lars Kjeldsen, Jakob Stensballe, Anders Perner
BACKGROUND: Patients with malignant haematological disease and especially those who require intensive care have an increased risk of bleeding and thrombosis, but none of these data were obtained in ICU patients only. We assessed the incidence of bleeding and thrombotic complications, use of blood products and risk factors for bleeding in an adult population of ICU patients with haematological malignancies. METHODS: We screened all patients with acute leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome admitted to a university hospital ICU during 2008-2012...
December 11, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224657/cta-as-an-adjuvant-tool-for-acute-intra-abdominal-or-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#19
REVIEW
Mitchell Storace, Jonathan G Martin, Jay Shah, Zachary Bercu
Hematemesis and acute postsurgical upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage are common emergent on-call consultations for the interventional radiologist. Upper GI bleleding (UGIB) is a relatively frequent problem. The incidence and mortality vary among patient populations, but studies have shown an overall incidence ranging from 36-172 cases per 100,000 adults per year, with a mortality rate of 5%-14%. The incidence is significantly higher in men. Peptic ulcer disease is the predominant etiology, responsible for 28%-59% of UGIB...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214062/management-of-oral-antiplatelet-agents-and-anticoagulation-therapy-before-bronchoscopy
#20
REVIEW
Houssein A Youness, Jean Keddissi, Ilya Berim, Ahmed Awab
Although, bronchoscopy is a relatively safe procedure, small amount of bleeding in the airway can have serious consequences. Careful consideration of the risks of diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopic intervention can help minimize potential complications. With increasing number of patients using antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapies, strategies for minimizing thromboembolic and operative bleeding events need to be included in the risk and benefit analyses. Growing evidence suggests that aspirin is safe and does not increase bleeding during bronchoscopy...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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