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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909667/haematomas-after-carotid-endarterectomy-can-be-reduced-by-direct-pressure-to-the-neck-postoperatively
#1
R Saghir, G Humm, T Rix
Introduction A recognised complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is postoperative haematoma, which can threaten the airway. Previous studies have looked at medical methods of preventing this complication. This study aims to evaluate the impact of simple direct pressure postoperatively on the development of haematoma. Materials and methods From 2011 to 2016, 161 consecutive CEA were performed by a single surgeon or trainee under supervision. After 80 operations, the postoperative technique was altered, with additional pressure being applied by the surgeon to the skin incision from completion of suturing until each patient was awake in the recovery room...
June 18, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881387/a-decade-of-th9-cells-role-of-th9-cells-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Shachi Pranjal Vyas, Ritobrata Goswami
T helper cell subsets play a critical role in providing protection against offending pathogens by secreting specific cytokines. However, unrestrained T helper cell responses can promote chronic inflammation-mediated inflammatory diseases. Dysregulated T helper cell responses have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of multiple inflammatory diseases, including allergic airway inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) among others. Aberrant pro-inflammatory responses induced by Th1, Th2, and Th17 subsets are known to trigger IBD...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872865/-successful-prehospital-emergency-thoracotomy-after-blunt-thoracic-trauma-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#3
Janosch Dahmen, Marko Brade, Christian Gerach, Martin Glombitza, Jan Schmitz, Simon Zeitter, Eva Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: The European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest recommend the immediate treatment of all reversible causes, if necessary even prior to continuous chest compression. In the case of cardiac tamponade immediate emergency thoracotomy should also be considered. OBJECTIVE: The authors report the case of a 23-year-old male patient with multiple injuries including blunt thoracic trauma, which caused a witnessed cardiac arrest...
June 5, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844704/the-location-histologic-type-and-stage-of-lung-cancer-are-associated-with-bleeding-during-endobronchial-biopsy
#4
Saibin Wang, Qian Ye, Junwei Tu, Yong Song
Background: Several risk factors have been proposed for bleeding during bronchoscopy, including immunosuppression, thrombocytopenia, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and mechanical ventilation. However, research on bronchoscopic biopsy-induced bleeding in the population of lung cancer without these "proposed risk factors" remains lacking. Patients and methods: A total of 531 lung cancer patients with endobronchial biopsy (EBB) were enrolled in this retrospective observational study...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804406/-impacts-of-different-methods-in-laryngeal-mask-airway-positioning-on-the-airway-management-of-elderly-patients-with-general-anesthesia
#5
F Yan, J Li, H J Wang, X Yang, J B Yang, X J Tu
Objective: By observing the clinical effect of ultrasound, fiberoptic bronchoscopy and traditional standard in positioning the general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation in elderly patients, the superiority of laryngeal mask positioning with visualization technique of ultrasound and fiberoptic bronchoscope on airway management in elderly patients with general anesthesia was analyzed. Methods: One hundred and twenty cases of elderly patients with general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation from the People's Hospital of Yuyao city from October 2016 to October 2017 were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups( n =40)according to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading criteria Ⅰ-Ⅲ...
May 15, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804131/de-mucosalized-pharyngeal-flap-a-modified-technique-for-selected-cases-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#6
Sherif M Askar
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Superiorly based posterior pharyngeal flap is performed via rotation of tissues of the posterior pharyngeal wall anteriorly and anchoring it to the soft palate. Unfortunately, bad healing of the donor site defect might be a considerable cause of morbidity of the surgery. With some modifications of flap elevation we could achieve better surgical outcomes. The aim of this study was to present the new modification of the conventional maneuver and its surgical/functional outcomes...
July 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798392/-preoperative-airway-management-and-perioperative-period-asphyxia-prevention-in-patients-with-tumors-invasion-in-the-cervical-tracheal
#7
Q Cai, Y H Liu, K L Wu, J Wu, Y Zhao, C Y Yao
Objective: To investigate the effect of preoperative airway treatment and postoperative asphyxiation preventive measures in patients with tumors invasion in the cervical tracheal. Method: The clinical date of 35 patients with different degree of tumors invasion in the cervical tracheal were analyzed retrospectively. Anesthesia including normal endotracheal intubation anesthesia, awake intubation anesthesia with visual laryngoscope assisted after topical anesthesia, intubation anesthesia with preoperative tracheotomy, intubation anesthesia after transection of trachea and anesthesia with extracoporeal circulation was selected according to the patient's situation such as whether exist forced position, or the extent of dyspnea, or the range of recurrent tumor...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789134/fluoroscopy-guided-removal-of-individualised-airway-covered-stents-for-airway-fistulas
#8
Y Bi, H Chen, J Li, P Fu, J Ren, X Han, G Wu
AIM: To report the techniques and complications associated with fluoroscopy-guided removal of individual covered stents for airway fistula disease over a 6-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 85 patients, 72 male and 13 female, who underwent fluoroscopy-guided stent removal from January 2011 to June 2017. Patients ranged in age from 15 to 81 years (mean, 54.9±12.3 years). Before removal, 90 stents had been placed for airway fistula disease...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775015/-the-safety-study-of-percutaneous-dilational-tracheostomy-in-a-large-sample
#9
X Zhai, J L Zhang, J C He, G Liu
Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the safety of a large number cases of percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy. Method: Retrospective analyzed the clinical data of PDT (1 200 cases) and TT (326 cases) patients which were recruited. The postoperative complications were analyzed statistically. PDT and TT randomized controlled trials (PDT and TT) were conducted with 80 cases in each group. The intraoperative conditions (including operative time, intraoperative bleeding volume and incision size) and postoperative complications in the two groups were statistically analyzed...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755814/massive-hemoptysis-from-a-pulmonary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-during-cardiac-surgery
#10
Alfredo Giuseppe Cerillo, Elisa Barberi, Francesca Amoretti, Sergio Berti
Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening condition usually related to a pathology of the bronchial arteries. Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysms represent a relatively rare cause of severe airway bleeding, but are associated with a mortality rate of over 50%. A case of massive intraoperative hemoptysis treated with temporary occlusion of the right pulmonary artery and delayed endovascular occlusion of the feeding segmental artery is described.
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747958/emergency-department-intubation-success-with-succinylcholine-versus-rocuronium-a-national-emergency-airway-registry-study
#11
Michael D April, Allyson Arana, Daniel J Pallin, Steven G Schauer, Andrea Fantegrossi, Jessie Fernandez, Joseph K Maddry, Shane M Summers, Mark A Antonacci, Calvin A Brown
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although both succinylcholine and rocuronium are used to facilitate emergency department (ED) rapid sequence intubation, the difference in intubation success rate between them is unknown. We compare first-pass intubation success between ED rapid sequence intubation facilitated by succinylcholine versus rocuronium. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data from the National Emergency Airway Registry, a multicenter registry collecting data on all intubations performed in 22 EDs...
May 7, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742667/total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-under-regional-anesthesia
#12
Nash S Moawad, Estefania Santamaria Flores, Linda Le-Wendling, Martina T Sumner, F Kayser Enneking
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic hysterectomies comprise a large proportion of all hysterectomies in the United States. Procedures completed under regional anesthesia pose a number of benefits to patients, but laparoscopic hysterectomies traditionally have been performed under general anesthesia. We describe a case of total laparoscopic hysterectomy under epidural anesthesia with the patient fully awake. CASE: A 51-year-old woman with abnormal uterine bleeding underwent an uncomplicated total laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, and excision of endometriosis...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742224/massive-hemoptysis-successfully-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-endobronchial-thrombolysis
#13
Antônio Aurélio de Paiva Fagundes Júnior, Renato Bueno Chaves, Amanda Robassini Dos Santos, Humberto Alves de Oliveira, Marcello Henrique Paschoal
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used to treat refractory hypoxemia in numerous clinical scenarios. The fundamental principles for the management of massive hemoptysis patients include protecting the airway and healthy lung, locating the source of bleeding and controlling the hemorrhage. We report the case of a patient with acute respiratory failure associated with massive hemoptysis secondary to lung laceration during cardiac surgery. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation allowed patient survival...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706113/neck-haematoma-after-carotid-endarterectomy-risks-rescue-and-prevention
#14
Tomonori Tamaki, Akio Morita
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to identify risk factors for neck haematoma requiring re-exploration after carotid endarterectomy. Neck haematoma is a well-known complication after carotid endarterectomy, but there has been little discussion about intraoperative techniques for its prevention. We also investigated an intraoperative neck flexion technique for prevention of neck haematoma. METHODS: A retrospective study reviewed 384 carotid endarterectomies performed at our institution from 2003 to 2016...
April 28, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706054/heparin-free-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-a-patient-with-severe-pulmonary-contusions-and-bronchial-disruption
#15
Kyoung Min Ryu, Sung Wook Chang
Pulmonary contusion complicated with endobronchial hemorrhage is potentially life-threatening, particularly in patients with tracheobronchial tree disruption and severe airway bleeding after blunt trauma, and pose a high mortality risk. In such cases, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be used as a salvage treatment modality. However, the use of ECMO for moribund trauma patients with respiratory failure may be limited for several reasons, such as intractable bleeding. In this case report, we describe a patient with severe bilateral pulmonary contusions with tracheobronchial tree disruption that was successfully treated using heparin-free venovenous ECMO...
April 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701367/severe-intraoperative-complications-during-vats-anatomical-ressections-and-their-surgical-resolution-in-a-portuguese-thoracic-surgery-centre-a-9-year-review
#16
João Eurico Reis, Ana Rita Costa, Manuel Godinho, João Santos Silva, Rita Barata, Ivan Bravio, Fernando Martelo, Paulo Calvinho, José Fragata
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have demonstrated that video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is not only feasible and safe but is actually the approach chosen for an increasing number of pulmonary anatomic resections. There are however few studies reporting on severe intraoperative complications during VATS anatomical ressections and their resolution. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to analyse the incidence of severe intraoperative complications during VATS anatomical ressections, at our department, in the past nine years, and describe their technical resolution during the surgery...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682267/an-unusual-deceptive-delayed-of-profuse-haemorrhage-after-mandibular-implant-dentistry-risk-planning-and-medico-legal-instruction
#17
R M Gaudio, E El Haddad, G El Haddad, D Lauritano, F Carinci
Mandibular implant placement (MIP) has been accepted and widely used for decades all over the world, and has reached a very high level of therapeutic reliability. MIP is used mostly in elderly edentulous patients who lost their teeth when dentistry was not oriented to fixed or removable prosthetic. Notwithstanding this, every year cases of severe complications during MIP due to haemorrhage causing life-threatening airway's obstruction are reported. These severe complications of MIP need immediate therapy, usually with hospitalization, and may be potentially fatal...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674495/platelet-munc13-4-regulates-hemostasis-thrombosis-and-airway-inflammation
#18
Eduardo I Cardenas, Keegan Breaux, Qi Da, Jose R Flores, Marco A Ramos, Michael J Tuvim, Alan R Burns, Rolando E Rumbaut, Roberto Adachi
Platelet degranulation is crucial for hemostasis and may participate in inflammation. Exocytosis in platelets is mediated by SNARE proteins and should be controlled by Munc13 proteins. We found that platelets express Munc13-2 and -4. We assessed platelet granule exocytosis in Munc13-2 and -4 global and conditional KO mice, and observed that deletion of Munc13-4 ablates dense granule release and indirectly impairs alpha granule exocytosis. We found no exocytic role for Munc13-2 in platelets, not even in the absence of Munc13-4...
April 19, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644281/thyrohyoid-membrane-transection-caused-by-a-stab-injury
#19
Dongsub Noh, Kwang Hee Yeo, Hyun Min Cho, Chan Yong Park
Background: The thyrohyoid membrane is located between the hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage. Transection of the thyrohyoid membrane can be fatal. Case presentation: A 54-year-old man presented to the emergency room after attempting to commit suicide by cutting his neck. An endotracheal tube was inserted through the thyrohyoid membrane, which had been cut almost completely. After a tracheostomy, temporary wound closure was performed due to coagulopathy caused by hemorrhagic shock...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628601/i-gel%C3%A2-may-be-the-device-of-choice-for-controlled-ventilation-in-patients-with-hemophilia-undergoing-abdominal-laparoscopic-surgery
#20
Sreyashi Sen, Koel Mitra, Shanta Ganguli, Sudakshina Mukherji
Haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder with variable deficiency of Factor VIII in the plasma and is characterised by bleeding into joints, muscles and tissues either spontaneously or in response to trivial trauma. Perioperative care requires multidisciplinary involvement. Perioperative management involves the risk of excessive bleeding from surgical site as well as spontaneous bleeding into the brain in response to surgical stress in patients with previous history of intracerebral haemorrhage. Airway management of such patients during anaesthetic intervention is a challenge and entails the risk of life threatening haemorrhage into the airway...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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