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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099682/feasibility-of-using-pessaries-for-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-rural-nepal
#1
Magali Robert, A Jane Govan, Uma Lohani, Aruna Uprety
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability, feasibility, and outcomes of pessary fitting in rural Nepali communities. METHODS: A 1-year prospective cohort study was conducted in the Ramechhap district of Nepal in January 2013-January 2014 among women attending a free gynecology health camp. All women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) were offered ring pessaries. Demographic information was collected and questionnaires on POP were completed. A urogynecologic examination was performed...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095812/maternal-sepsis-complicating-arabin-cervical-pessary-placement-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-case-report
#2
Begoña Martinez de Tejada
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is a major health problem and contributes to more than 50% of all neonatal and infant deaths. Recently, there has been a renewed interest in the use of cervical pessaries as a safe and effective intervention with few maternal side-effects for the prevention of preterm birth in both single and twin pregnancies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old gravida 5, para 1 (previous preterm birth at 24 weeks) patient with an in vitro fertilization twin pregnancy had an Arabin cervical pessary placed at 19 weeks of pregnancy due to the presence of cervical funneling identified by ultrasound screening...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078670/levator-ani-muscle-avulsion-is-a-risk-factor-for-vaginal-pessary-expulsion-within-1-year-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#3
Rachel Yau Kar Cheung, Jacqueline Ho Sze Lee, Lai Loi Lee, Tony Kwok Hung Chung, Symphorosa Shing Chee Chan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether presence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion was associated with expulsion of vaginal pessary for women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This prospective observational study recruited consecutive women with symptomatic POP. Vaginal pessary was offered and offline analysis of the 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound volume data of women was performed. Volume acquisition had been performed before pessary insertion...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#4
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067748/levator-ani-muscle-defects-in-patients-with-surgical-failure
#5
Allison M Wyman, Kristie A Greene, Renee Bassaly, Lindsey Hahn, Simon Patton, Branko Miladinovic, Lennox Hoyte
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to use a well-described system of measuring levator ani (LA) muscle defects from magnetic resonance images to evaluate whether major defects are correlated to an increased risk of surgical failure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study performed on patients who underwent laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension from 2010 to 2012. Surgical failure was defined as a composite score of anatomic bulge beyond the hymen with sensation of bulge or repeat treatment of prolapse via pessary or surgery by 1-year follow-up...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033675/bacteriophage-formulated-into-a-range-of-semisolid-and-solid-dosage-forms-maintain-lytic-capacity-against-isolated-cutaneous-and-opportunistic-oral-bacteria
#6
Teagan L Brown, Tereen Thomas, Jessica Odgers, Steve Petrovski, Marion Joy Spark, Joseph Tucci
BACKGROUND: Resistance of bacteria to antimicrobial agents is of grave concern. Further research into the development of bacteriophage as therapeutic agents against bacterial infections may help alleviate this problem. OBJECTIVES: To formulate bacteriophage into a range of semisolid and solid dosage forms and investigate the capacity of these preparations to kill bacteria under laboratory conditions. METHODS: Bacteriophage suspensions were incorporated into dosage forms such as creams, ointments, pastes, pessaries and troches...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942793/pessary-types-and-discontinuation-rates-in-patients-with-advanced-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#7
Birte Wolff, Kathryn Williams, Allen Winkler, Lawrence Lind, Dara Shalom
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with long-term pessary use in patients with advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients with POP of stage ≥2 managed with a pessary. Patients were excluded if the date of fitting or follow-up was unavailable. Long-term use was defined as more than 1 year. Patient demographics, pessary fitting, and follow-up visit dates were collected...
December 10, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924659/foetal-fibronectin-and-cervical-length-measurement-following-arabin-pessary-insertion-in-a-high-risk-twin-pregnancy-a-case-report
#8
Emily Watts, Natasha L Hezelgrave, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Andrew H Shennan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918338/female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-in-canada-a-survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-and-urologists
#9
Marie K Christakis, Eliane M Shore, Ariel Pulver, Colleen D McDermott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the current status of female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) in Canada, including level of training, practice patterns, barriers to practice and opinions among obstetrician-gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and urologists. METHODS: Electronic surveys were distributed to 737 OB/GYNs through the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and to 489 urologists through the Canadian Urological Association...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915496/cervical-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-twin-pregnancies-with-short-cervical-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Gabriele Saccone, Andrea Ciardulli, Serena Xodo, Lorraine Dugoff, Jack Ludmir, Francesco D'Antonio, Simona Boito, Elena Olearo, Carmela Votino, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Giuseppe Rizzo, Pasquale Martinelli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of cervical pessary for preventing spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in twin pregnancies with an asymptomatic transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) in the second trimester Methods: We performed a meta-analysis including all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing the use of cervical pessary (i.e. intervention group) with expectant management (i.e. control group). The primary outcome was incidence of SPTB <34 weeks. RESULTS: Three trials, including 481 twin pregnancies with short cervix, were analyzed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871275/rationale-and-design-of-support-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-compare-three-treatments-cervical-cerclage-cervical-pessary-and-vaginal-progesterone-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-women-who-develop-a-short-cervix
#11
Natasha L Hezelgrave, Helena A Watson, Alexandra Ridout, Falak Diab, Paul T Seed, Evonne Chin-Smith, Rachel M Tribe, Andrew H Shennan
BACKGROUND: Clinically, once a woman has been identified as being at risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) due to a short cervical length, a decision regarding prophylactic treatment must be made. Three interventions have the potential to improve outcomes: cervical cerclage (stitch), vaginal progesterone and cervical pessary. Each has been shown to have similar benefit in reduction of sPTB, but there have been no randomised control trials (RCTs) to compare them. METHODS: This open label multi-centre UK RCT trial, will evaluate whether the three interventions are equally efficacious to prevent premature birth in women who develop a short cervix (<25 mm on transvaginal ultrasound)...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866958/use-of-concomitant-stress-incontinence-surgery-at-time-of%C3%A2-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-since-release-of-the-2011-fda-health-notification-on-serious-complications-associated-with-transvaginal-mesh
#12
Alice Drain, Aqsa Khan, Erin L Ohmann, Benjamin M Brucker, Scott Smilen, Nirit Rosenblum, Victor W Nitti
PURPOSE: There is controversy regarding the performance of concomitant anti-incontinence procedures at the time of pelvic organ prolapse repair. Data support improvement in stress urinary incontinence with a concomitant sling but increased adverse events. We assessed trends in preoperative stress urinary incontinence evaluation, concomitant anti-incontinence procedure at pelvic organ prolapse surgery and postoperative anti-incontinence procedures at our institution before and after the 2011 FDA (Food and Drug Administration) Public Health Notification pertaining to vaginal mesh...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843353/prevention-of-preterm-delivery-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Maud D van Zijl, Bouchra Koullali, Ben Wj Mol, Eva Pajkrt, Martijn A Oudijk
Preterm birth (PTB), defined as delivery at <37 weeks of gestation, is the most important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, preventing PTB is one of the main goals in obstetric care. In this review, we provide an overview of the current available literature on screening for risk factors for PTB and a summary of preventive strategies in both low-risk and high-risk women with singleton or multiple gestations. Furthermore, current challenges and future prospects on PTB are discussed. For an optimal prevention of PTB, risk stratification should be based on a combination of (maternal) risk factors, obstetric history, and screening tools...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836378/-cervical-pessary-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#14
S Brun
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of the cervical pessary for the prevention of preterm delivery and to propose recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We searched the MedLine and the Cochrane Library and checked the international guidelines: ACOG and SOGC. RESULTS: The data concerning the efficacy of the cervical pessary for the prevention of preterm birth in a population of asymptomatic women with a singleton pregnancy with a short cervix≤25mm between 20 and 24 weeks 6 days of gestation and in a population of asymptomatic women with a twin pregnancy at high risk of preterm delivery defined by a short cervix are contradictory...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836377/-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-excluding-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#15
L Sentilhes, M-V Sénat, P-Y Ancel, E Azria, G Benoist, J Blanc, G Brabant, F Bretelle, S Brun, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, A Evrard, G Kayem, E Maisonneuve, L Marcellin, S Marret, N Mottet, S Paysant, D Riethmuller, P Rozenberg, T Schmitz, H Torchin, B Langer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the measures to prevent spontaneous preterm birth (excluding preterm premature rupture of membranes)and its consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: In France, premature birth concerns 60,000 neonates every year (7.4 %), half of them are delivered after spontaneous onset of labor...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824746/readmission-and-prolapse-recurrence-after-abdominal-and-vaginal-apical-suspensions-in-older-women
#16
Tatiana V D Sanses, Jan M Hanley, Peter Zhang, Holly E Richter, Steven R Gambert, Chris S Saigal
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate 30-day readmission, 12-month prolapse recurrence, and complications after apical surgeries in older women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 2002-2011 Medicare data in women 65 years or older who underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy with synthetic mesh, vaginal uterosacral, or sacrospinous colpopexy with 12 months follow-up. Vaginal mesh procedures were excluded. The primary outcome was 30-day inpatient readmission...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796427/is-hysterectomy-or-prior-reconstructive-surgery-associated-with-unsuccessful-initial-trial-of-pessary-fitting-in-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#17
Zoltan Nemeth, Nelli Farkas, Balint Farkas
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is little data in the literature regarding the feasibility and limitations of pessary therapy after pelvic reconstructive surgery for symptom recurrence for treating urinary incontinence. Hysterectomy is an important risk factor for failure of pessary fitting. We aimed to evaluate the influence of these prior surgeries on subsequent initial trials of fitting a pessary. METHODS: Six hundred and twenty-nine women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) were included in a prospective cohort study from January 2014 to December 2015...
October 28, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796423/pessary-migration-into-the-bladder-a-rare-episode-of-removal-and-repair-of-a-vesicovaginal-fistula
#18
Joseph Gauta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752749/variability-in-practice-patterns-in-stress-urinary-incontinence-and-pelvic-organ-prolapse-results-of-an-iuga-survey
#19
Dorothy Kammerer-Doak, Kamil Svabik, Tony Bazi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Members of the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) come from different geographic locations and practice settings. A member survey regarding practice patterns provides valuable information for practitioners and researchers alike, and allows the IUGA to discover areas to focus on education and information dissemination. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed by the IUGA Research and Development committee and distributed electronically to IUGA surgeons...
October 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738734/patient-satisfaction-and-regret-with-decision-differ-between-outcomes-in-the-composite-definition-of-success-after-reconstructive-surgery
#20
Waseem Khoder, Emily Hom, Anna Guanzon, Sarah Rose, Douglass Hale, Michael Heit
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate patient satisfaction and regret with their decision for reconstructive surgery, and determine if they valued each item equally in the composite definition of success after making the decision for surgery. METHODS: A list was created including all patients who underwent laparoscopic sacral colpopexy or laparoscopic uterosacrocolpopexy. Patients were placed in mutually exclusive outcome categories (retreatment, symptomatic failure, anatomic failure, and surgical success)...
October 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
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