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microparticle coating

Lacey Johnson, Shereen Tan, Emily Jenkins, Ben Wood, Denese C Marks
BACKGROUND: Alternatives to room temperature storage of platelets (PLTs) are of interest to support blood banking logistics. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of biologic response modifiers (BRMs) in PLT concentrates stored under conventional room temperature conditions with refrigerated or cryopreserved PLTs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A three-arm pool-and-split study was carried out using buffy coat-derived PLTs stored in 30% plasma/70% SSP+. The three matched treatment arms were as follows: room temperature (20-24°C), cold (2-6°C), and cryopreserved (-80°C with DMSO)...
January 12, 2018: Transfusion
Zeinab Heidariyan, Mohammad Hossein Ghanian, Mohsen Ashjari, Zahra Farzaneh, Mostafa Najarasl, Mehran Rezaei Larijani, Abbas Piryaei, Massoud Vosough, Hossein Baharvand
Biomedical application of human pluripotent stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells (hPSC-HLCs) relies on efficient large-scale differentiation, which is commonly performed by a suspension culture of three-dimensional (3D) multicellular spheroids in bioreactors. However, this approach requires large amounts of growth factors (GFs) and the need to overcome limited diffusional transport posed by the inherent 3D structure of hPSC spheroids. Here, we have hypothesized that localized delivery of GFs by incorporation of GF-laden degradable polymeric microparticles (MPs) within the hPSC spheroids would circumvent such limitations...
January 2, 2018: Biomaterials
Rachael M Kenney, Matthew W Boyce, Nathan Whitman, Brenden P Kromhout, Matthew R Lockett
Paper-based cultures are an emerging platform for preparing 3D tissue-like structures. Chemical gradients can be imposed upon these cultures, generating microenvironments similar to those found in poorly vascularized tumors. There is increasing evidence that the tumor microenvironment is responsible for promoting drug resistance and increased invasiveness. Acidosis, or the acidification of the extracellular space, is particularly important in promoting these aggressive cancer phenotypes. To better understand how cells respond to acidosis there is a need for 3D culture platforms that not only model relevant disease states, but also contain sensors capable of quantifying the extracellular environment...
January 11, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Hui-Jiuan Chen, Tian Hang, Chengduan Yang, Guishi Liu, Di-An Lin, Jiangming Wu, Shuolin Pan, Bo-Ru Yang, Jun Tao, Xi Xie
In situ effective separation of oil pollutants including oil spills and oil emulsions from water is an emerging technology yet remains challenging. Hydrophobic micro- or nano-materials with ferromagnetism have been explored for oil removal, yet the separation efficiency of an oil emulsion was compromised due to the limited dispersion of hydrophobic materials in water. A surfactant coating on microparticles prevented particle aggregation, but reduced oil absorption and emulsion cleaning ability. Recently, polystyrene microbeads covered with nanospikes have been reported to display anomalous dispersion in phobic media without surfactants...
January 10, 2018: Nanoscale
Dana Westmeier, Gernot Posselt, Angelina Hahlbrock, Sina Bartfeld, Cecilia Vallet, Carmen Abfalter, Dominic Docter, Shirley K Knauer, Silja Wessler, Roland H Stauber
Enteric bacteria may cause severe diseases, including gastric cancer-associated Helicobacter pylori. Their infection paths overlap with the oro-gastrointestinal uptake route for nanoparticles, increasingly occurring during environmental or consumer/medical exposure. By comprehensive independent analytical methods, such as live cell fluorescence, electron as well as atomic force microscopy and elemental analysis, we show that a wide array of nanoparticles (NPs) but not microparticles form complexes with H. pylori and enteric pathogens without the need for specific functionalization...
January 5, 2018: Nanoscale
Chun Y Wong, Hani Al-Salami, Crispin R Dass
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic health disease affecting the homeostasis of blood sugar levels. However, subcutaneous injection of insulin can lead to patient non-compliance, discomfort, pain and local infection. Sub-micron sized drug delivery systems have gained attention in oral delivery of insulin for diabetes treatment. In most of the recent literature, the terms "microparticles" and "nanoparticle" refer to particles where the dimensions of the particle are measured in micrometers and nanometers respectively...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Hyeri Kim, Jangwoo Cho, Jaehong Cho, Bum Jun Park, Jin Woong Kim
We present a straightforward and robust method for the synthesis of Janus colloid surfactants with distinct amphiphilicity and magnetic responsiveness. To this end, hydroxyl-functionalized amphiphilic Janus microparticles are synthesized by seeded monomer swelling and subsequent photo-polymerization. By incorporating controlled amounts of hydroxyl groups on poly (styrene-co-vinyl alcohol) seed particles, we adjust the interfacial tension between the seed polymer and the poly (tetradecyl acrylate) secondary polymer (γ13)...
December 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaoying Xing, Xiuyun Zhao, Jia Ding, Dongming Liu, Gaofu Qi
Surfactin, a lipopeptide produced by Bacillus species, has been used for the oral delivery of insulin. In this study, another lipopeptide of iturin was tested for its ability to orally delivery insulin alone or plus surfactin. Iturin could form co-precipitate with insulin at acidic pH values. After treatment by ultrasonification, the structure of coprecipitate was destroyed that led to a significant decrease in hypoglycemic effect after oral administration. Iturin weakly binds to (Kd = 257 μM) and induce insulin structure more compact that is favorable for insulin uptake by the intestine...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Alexander Heiss, Birger Freisinger, Evi Held-Föhn
The oxidation based antimicrobial activity of silver is long known. Microparticles with a particular silver-ruthenium coating and specific physical properties were developed. The coating showed a considerably increased silver ion release rate in comparison to a plain silver coating. Accordingly, an exposure of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus to these silver-ruthenium coated microparticles resulted in a time and concentration dependent cell killing. Even though contact killing may contribute to this efficacy, rather a release associated diffusion gradient dependent killing was observed...
December 5, 2017: Biointerphases
Feng Li, Yan Chen, Shubo Liu, Jian Qi, Weiying Wang, Chenhua Wang, Ruiyue Zhong, Zhijun Chen, Xiaoming Li, Yuanzhou Guan, Wei Kong, Yong Zhang
Zein-based nano/microparticles have been demonstrated to be promising carrier systems for both the food industry and biomedical applications. However, the fabrication of size-controlled zein particles has been a challenging issue. In this study, a modified anti-solvent precipitation method was developed, and the effects of various factors, such as mixing method, solvent/anti-solvent ratio, temperature, zein concentrations and the presence of sodium caseinate (SC) on properties of zein particles were investigated...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Andréia B Meneguin, Eric Beyssac, Ghislain Garrait, Hassana Hsein, Beatriz S F Cury
Gellan gum microparticles coated with colon-specific films based on retrograded starch and pectin was developed for enhancing the oral release of insulin (INS). The system developed promoted an impressive protection of INS (80%) after 120 min of incubation with trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin, while only 3% of free INS remained intact after the same time, possibility due to the calcium chelating activity of the polymers in inhibiting the proteolytic activity. In vitro INS release in media simulating the gastrointestinal portions revealed a pH-dependent behavior, as well as the significance of the coating in lowering the release rates in relation to their counterparts...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Grégory Beaune, Andy Y W Lam, Sylvie Dufour, Françoise M Winnik, Françoise Brochard-Wyart
We study the spreading of cell aggregates deposited on adhesive substrates decorated with microparticles (MPs). A cell monolayer expands around the aggregate. The cells on the periphery of the monolayer take up the MPs, clearing the substrate as they progress and forming an aureole of cells filled with MPs. We study the dynamics of spreading and determine the width of the aureole and the level of MP internalization in cells as a function of MP size, composition, and density. From the radius and width of the aureole, we quantify the volume fraction of MPs within the cell, which leads to an easy, fast, and inexpensive measurement of the cell - particle internalization...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Darena Schymanski, Christophe Goldbeck, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Peter Fürst
Microplastics are anthropogenic contaminants which have been found in oceans, lakes and rivers. Investigations focusing on drinking water are rare and studies have mainly been using micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (μ-FT-IR). A major limitation of this technique is its inability to detect particles smaller than 20 μm. However, micro-Raman spectroscopy is capable of detecting even smaller particle sizes. Therefore, we show that this technique, which was used in this study, is particularly useful in detecting microplastics in drinking water where particle sizes are in the low micrometer range...
November 6, 2017: Water Research
Farogh Ahsan, Tarique Mahmood Ansari, Shazia Usmani, Paramdeep Bagga
Silks are naturally occurring polymers that have been used clinically as sutures for hundreds of years. It's so for obtained from insects or worms, silk consists of a filament core protein, termed fibroin, and a glue-like coating made up of sericin proteins. An important component of silk has an extended history of being discarded as a waste in the course of silk processing. The cost of sericin for tissue engineering is underestimated and its capability in using as regenerative remedy has simply began to be explored...
November 13, 2017: Drug Research
Guankui Wang, Halli Benasutti, Jessica F Jones, Guixin Shi, Michael Benchimol, Sandeep Pingle, Santosh Kesari, Yasan Yeh, Li-En Hsieh, Yu-Tsueng Liu, Anthony Elias, Dmitri Simberg
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are extremely rare cells found in blood of metastatic cancer patients. There is a need for inexpensive technologies for fast enrichment of CTCs from large blood volumes. Previous data showed that antibody-conjugated lipid shell immuno-microbubbles (MBs) bind and isolate cells from biological fluids by flotation. Here, blood-stable MBs targeted to several surface markers for isolation of breast tumor cells were developed. MBs coated with anti-human EpCAM antibodies showed efficient binding of EpCAM(+) breast cancer cell lines SKBR-3, MCF-7, and MDA-MB-453, whereas anti-human EGFR MBs showed binding of EpCAM(LOW/NEGATIVE) cell lines MDA-MB-231 and BT-549...
October 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Andrew S Khalil, Xiaohua Yu, Angela W Xie, Gianluca Fontana, Jennifer M Umhoefer, Hunter J Johnson, Tracy A Hookway, Todd C McDevitt, William L Murphy
Gene delivery to primary human cells is a technology of critical interest to both life science research and therapeutic applications. However, poor efficiencies in gene transfer and undesirable safety profiles remain key limitations in advancing this technology. Here, we describe a materials-based approach whereby application of a bioresorbable mineral coating improves microparticle-based transfection of plasmid DNA lipoplexes in several primary human cell types. In the presence of these mineral-coated microparticles (MCMs), we observed up to 4-fold increases in transfection efficiency with simultaneous reductions in cytotoxicity...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jian Li, Zhen-Yu Yao, Chang She, Jian Li, Bin Ten, Chang Liu, Shu-Bin Lin, Qi-Rong Dong, Pei-Gen Ren
Low-dose irradiation (LDI) has been used in clinics to treat human diseases, including chronic inflammation. This study assessed the effects of LDI on the inflammatory response of activated mouse primary peritoneal macrophages, and the underlying signal pathways. Primary peritoneal macrophages were isolated from mice and then incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-coated Ti microparticles (Ti-positive control) with or without brief exposure to LDI (X-ray, 0.5 Gy) 1 h later (Ti-LDI group) or left untreated in culture medium (Ti-negative control)...
2017: PloS One
Weiluan Chen, Chiara di Carlo, Donal Devery, Donnacha J McGrath, Peter E McHugh, Kathrin Kleinsteinberg, Stefan Jockenhoevel, Wim E Hennink, Robbert J Kok
The purpose of the present study was to develop gefitinib-loaded polymeric foams that can be used as coating of drug-eluting stents for palliative treatment of bronchotracheal cancer. Release of such an anticancer drug from such stent coating can retard tumor regrowth into the bronchial lumen. Gefitinib-loaded polyurethane (PU) foams were prepared by embedding either gefitinib micronized crystals or gefitinib-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres in water-blown films, with up to 10% w/w loading for gefitinib microcrystals and 15% w/w for gefitinib microspheres (corresponding to 1...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Maximilian Ackermann, Xiaohong Wang, Shunfeng Wang, Meik Neufurth, Heinz C Schröder, Friedrich-Eckart Isemer, Werner E G Müller
Prostethic mesh material such as nonabsorbable polypropylene used in open and laparoscopic hernia repair are characterized by controllable mechanical properties but may elicit undesirable physiological reactions due to the nonphysiological inert polymer material. We succeeded in developing a biocompatible coating for these meshes, based on a physiological inorganic polymer, polyphosphate (polyP) that is morphogenetically active and used as a metabolic energy source, and a collagen matrix. The polyP/collagen hydrogel material was prepared by a freeze-extraction method, with amorphous Ca-polyP microparticles...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Ali Q Alorabi, Mark D Tarn, Jenifer Gómez-Pastora, Eugenio Bringas, Inmaculada Ortiz, Vesselin N Paunov, Nicole Pamme
Polyelectrolyte (PE) microcapsules for drug delivery are typically fabricated via layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition of PE layers of alternating charge on sacrificial template microparticles, which usually requires multiple incubation and washing steps that render the process repetitive and time-consuming. Here, ferrofluid droplets were explored for this purpose as an elegant alternative of templates that can be easily manipulated via an external magnetic field, and require only a simple microfluidic chip design and setup...
November 7, 2017: Lab on a Chip
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