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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635237/-comparison-of-the-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-and-open-surgery-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#1
H Y He, Z J Yang, D Y Zeng, D S Yao, J T Fan, R F Zhao, J Q Zhang, X X Hu, Z Lin, Y M Jiang, L Li
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic surgery compared with traditional laparotomy in cases of stage ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 1 863 patients diagnosed as FIGO stages ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer in 6 third-grade class-A hospitals in Guangxi province between January 2007 and May 2014. One thousand and seventy-one received laparoscopy, and 792 received laparotomy. T-test, U-test and χ(2) test were used to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628565/open-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-for-advanced-low-rectal-cancer-a-large-multicenter-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study-in-japan
#2
Koya Hida, Ryosuke Okamura, Yoshiharu Sakai, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Tomonori Akagi, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Takashi Akiyoshi, Meiki Fukuda, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Michio Yamamoto, Tatsuto Nishigori, Kenji Kawada, Suguru Hasegawa, Satoshi Morita, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is widely performed all over the world and several randomized controlled trials have been reported. However, the usefulness of laparoscopic surgery compared with open surgery has not been demonstrated sufficiently, especially for the low rectal area. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that laparoscopic primary tumor resection is safe and effective when compared with the open approach for locally advanced low rectal cancer...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621510/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-an-analysis-of-early-versus-delayed-cholecystectomy-and-predictive-factors-for-conversion
#3
Joel C Goh, Jarrod K Tan, Janice W Lim, Iyer G Shridhar, Krishnakumar Madhavan, Alfred W Kow
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing preference for early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) as compared to delayed LC (DLC) in the management of acute cholecystitis (AC). Conversion to open cholecystectomy (LOC) remains an important outcome. We aim to compare ELC and DLC outcomes and identify LOC predictors. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 466 patients who underwent LC for AC from June 2010 - June 2015 was performed. Patients were divided into ELC and DLC groups, defined as LC performed within 7 days and between 4 to 24 weeks of symptom onset respectively...
June 16, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619689/risks-and-benefits-of-opportunistic-salpingectomy-during-vaginal-hysterectomy-a-decision-analysis
#4
Lauren A Cadish, Jonathan P Shepherd, Emma L Barber, Beri Ridgeway
BACKGROUND: Fallopian tubes are commonly removed during laparoscopic and open hysterectomy to prevent ovarian and tubal cancer, but are not routinely removed during vaginal hysterectomy due to perceptions of increased morbidity, difficulty, or inadequate surgical training. OBJECTIVE: We sought to quantify complications and costs associated with a strategy of planned salpingectomy during vaginal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: We created a decision analysis model using TreeAgePro...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614579/an-instrumental-variable-analysis-comparing-medicare-expenditures-for-laparoscopic-vs-open-colectomy
#5
Kyle H Sheetz, Edward C Norton, Scott E Regenbogen, Justin B Dimick
Importance: Numerous study findings suggest that the use of laparoscopy is associated with lower health care costs for many operations, including colectomy. The extent to which these differences are due to the laparoscopic approach itself or selection bias from healthier patients undergoing the less invasive procedure is unclear. Objective: To evaluate the differences in Medicare expenditures for laparoscopic and open colectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based study was conducted of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing laparoscopic or open colectomy between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012...
June 14, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614043/antibiotics-vs-appendectomy-for-acute-uncomplicated-appendicitis-in-adults-review-of-the-evidence-and-future-directions
#6
Jared M Huston, Lillian S Kao, Phillip K Chang, James M Sanders, Sara Buckman, Charles A Adams, Christine S Cocanour, Sarah E Parli, Julia Grabowski, Jose Diaz, Jeffrey M Tessier, Therese M Duane
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency in the United States, with a lifetime risk of 7%-8%. The treatment paradigm for complicated appendicitis has evolved over the past decade, and many cases now are managed by broad-spectrum antibiotics. We determined the role of non-operative and operative management in adult patients with uncomplicated appendicitis. METHODS: Several meta-analyses have attempted to clarify the debate. Arguably the most influential is the Appendicitis Acuta (APPAC) Trial...
June 14, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602526/resident-operative-experience-at-independent-academic-medical-centers-a-comparison-to-the-national-cohort
#7
Amit R T Joshi, Amber W Trickey, Benjamin T Jarman, Kara J Kallies, Robert Josloff, Jonathan M Dort, Ravi Kothuru
PURPOSE: Independent Academic Medical Centers (IAMCs) comprise one-third of U.S. general surgery training programs. It is unclear whether IAMCs offer qualitatively or quantitatively different operative experiences than the national cohort. We analyzed a large representative sample of IAMCs to compare operative volume and variety, with a focus on low-volume procedures. METHODS: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Program Case Reports from 27 IAMCs were collected and analyzed for 3 academic years (2012-2015)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597281/gangrenous-cholecystitis-innovative-laparoscopic-techniques-to-facilitate-subtotal-fenestrating-cholecystectomy-when-a-critical-view-of-safety-cannot-be-achieved
#8
Rebekah Kirkwood, Lauren Damon, Jennifer Wang, Esther Hong, Kimberly Kirkwood
BACKGROUND: Gangrenous cholecystitis is associated with a higher conversion rate of conversion from laparoscopic to open than acute non-gangrenous cholecystitis. New strategies and techniques are needed to decrease conversion rates and improve outcomes. METHODS: In this article, we provide a richly detailed, illustrated description of a modified fundus-first technique that we have developed over the last 15 years and now use routinely with rare conversions. We also compared outcomes of laparoscopic (LC) and open (OC) approaches for pathologically confirmed gangrenous cholecystitis in 146 patients during 1995-2005, the first 10 years during which these two approaches were performed contemporaneously at our institution on comparable patients...
June 8, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594740/the-importance-of-registries-in-the-postmarketing-surveillance-of-surgical-meshes
#9
Ferdinand Köckerling, Thomas Simon, Martin Hukauf, Achim Hellinger, Rene Fortelny, Wolfgang Reinpold, Reinhard Bittner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of registries in the postmarketing surveillance of surgical meshes. BACKGROUND: To date, surgical meshes are classified as group II medical devices. Class II devices do not require premarket clearance by clinical studies. Ethicon initiated a voluntary market withdrawal of Physiomesh for laparoscopic use after an analysis of unpublished data from the 2 large independent hernia registries-Herniamed German Registry and Danish Hernia Database...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593412/does-laparoscopic-adhesiolysis-decrease-the-risk-of-recurrent-symptoms-in-small-bowel-obstruction-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#10
Siyuan Yao, Eiji Tanaka, Yugo Matsui, Atsushi Ikeda, Teppei Murakami, Tatsuo Okumoto, Takehisa Harada
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of laparoscopic adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction have generally been satisfactory over the short term. However, the long-term outcomes, including recurrence of symptoms and management of recurrence, remain controversial. This study compares the long-term outcomes of a series of laparoscopic and open surgery procedures for the treatment of small bowel obstruction. METHODS: Patients who underwent adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction at our institution between 2008 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585429/laparoscopic-versus-open-distal-pancreatectomy-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-a-single-center-experience
#11
Ai-Bin Zhang, Ye Wang, Chen Hu, Yan Shen, Shu-Sen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare complications and oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) at a single center. METHODS: Distal pancreatectomies performed for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma during a 4-year period were included in this study. A retrospective analysis of a database of this cohort was conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients underwent LDP for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, in comparison to seventy-six patients with comparable tumor characteristics treated by ODP...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584502/laparoscopic-splenectomy-in-hemodynamically-stable-blunt-trauma
#12
Gregory S Huang, Elisha A Chance, Barbara M Hileman, Eric S Emerick, Emily A Gianetti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No criteria define indications for laparoscopic splenectomy in trauma. This investigation compared characteristics of trauma patients and outcomes between laparoscopic and open splenectomies. METHODS: Patients were identified retrospectively by using ICD-9 codes. Included patients were 18 or older, with a blunt splenic injury from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2014, and required splenectomy. Excluded patients had penetrating trauma, successful nonoperative management, or successful embolization...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576429/population-level-surgical-outcomes-for-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#13
Nick Lansdale, Nadeem Al-Khafaji, Patrick Green, Simon E Kenny
OBJECTIVES: Determine national outcomes for pyloromyotomy; how these are affected by: (i) surgical approach (open/laparoscopic), or (ii) centre type/volume and establish potential benchmarks of quality. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics data were analysed for admissions 2002-2011. Data presented as median (IQR). RESULTS: 9686 infants underwent pyloromyotomy (83% male). Surgery was performed in 22 specialist (SpCen) and 39 nonspecialist centres (NonSpCen)...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576262/total-laparoscopic-pelvic-exenteration-for-a-laterally-recurrent-cervical-carcinoma-with-a-vesicovaginal-fistula-that-developed-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#14
Hiroyuki Kanao, Yoichi Aoki, Tsuyoshi Hisa, Nobuhiro Takeshima
OBJECTIVE: For locally advanced cervical carcinoma, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is the standard treatment, however, CCRT can lead to development of a vesicovaginal or rectovaginal fistula [1]. Treatment options are limited for patients with laterally recurrent cervical carcinoma and fistula formation after CCRT. Chemotherapy with bevacizumab is now used for recurrent or advanced cervical carcinoma, but this treatment is associated with fistula formation [2]. When the recurrent mass is confined to the pelvic cavity, complete surgical resection with negative margins offers the most promise; however, the resectability rate is low in cases of laterally recurrent tumor [3], which may include bony structures, and survival outcomes seem to be poor in cases of a laterally recurrent vs...
May 30, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569137/optimal-timing-of-cholecystectomy-after-percutaneous-gallbladder-drainage-for-severe-cholecystitis
#15
Koetsu Inoue, Tatsuya Ueno, Orie Nishina, Daisuke Douchi, Kentaro Shima, Shinji Goto, Michinaga Takahashi, Chikashi Shibata, Hiroo Naito
BACKGROUND: The Tokyo guideline for acute cholecystitis recommended percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage followed by cholecystectomy for severe acute cholecystitis, but the optimal timing for the subsequent cholecystectomy remains controversial. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients who underwent either laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage for severe acute cholecystitis were enrolled and divided into difficult cholecystectomy (group A) and non-difficult cholecystectomy (group B)...
May 31, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567575/analysis-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-laparoscopic-pancreatoduodenectomy
#16
Michael H Gerber, Daniel Delitto, Cristina J Crippen, Thomas J George, Kevin E Behrns, Jose G Trevino, Jessica L Cioffi, Steven J Hughes
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD) is a cost-effective alternative to open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD). METHODS: Hospital cost data, discharge disposition, readmission rates, and readmission costs from periampullary cancer patient cohorts of LPD and OPD were compared. The surgical cohorts over a 40-month period were clinically similar, consisting of 52 and 50 patients in the LPD and OPD groups, respectively. RESULTS: The total operating room costs were higher in the LPD group as compared to the OPD group (median US$12,290 vs US$11,299; P = 0...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567187/introduction-of-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-in-a-western-tertiary-referral-centre-a-prospective-cost-analysis-during-the-learning-curve
#17
Juul J Tegels, Charlotte E Silvius, Frederique E Spauwen, Karel W Hulsewé, Anton G Hoofwijk, Jan H Stoot
AIM: To evaluate the costs of the introduction of a laparoscopic surgery program for gastric cancer in a Western community training hospital and tertiary referral centre for gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: All patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer with curative intent in 2013 and 2014 were prospectively included. Primary outcomes were costs regarding surgery and hospital stay. RESULTS: Laparoscopic gastrectomy was used in 52 patients [mean age 68 years (± 9, range 50 to 87)] and open gastrectomy was used in 25 patients [mean age 70 years (± 10, range 46 to 85)]...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552812/retroinfundibular-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-versus-standard-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-difficult-cases
#18
Alaa M Sewefy, Aymen M Hassanen, Ahmed M Atyia, Amr M Gaafar
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy becomes the gold standard surgical procedure for treating gallstones. Standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC) requires proper dissection of Calot's triangle to achieve the critical view of safety. This may be difficult in certain conditions, resulting in higher incidence of bile duct injury and conversion to open. We aimed to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy by retroinfundibular (RI) approach to that of SLC, in difficult cases...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552811/periumbilical-vs-transumbilical-laparoscopic-incision-a-patients-satisfaction-centered-randomised-trial
#19
Audrey Bouffard-Cloutier, Alex Paré, Nathalie McFadden
BACKGROUND: While studies suggested that transumbilical incisions (TUI) incur better postoperative cosmetic satisfaction scores (CSS) and shorter operative time (OT) than periumbilical incisions (PUI) during general surgery laparoscopic interventions, others did not. Concerns have been raised toward the potential negative impact of TUI on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) but this issue is under documented. METHODS: A controlled trial was conducted between August 2014 and August 2015 in our hospital...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549014/robot-assisted-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-phase-ii-open-label-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Min Jung Kim, Sung Chan Park, Ji Won Park, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Yong Kim, Byung-Ho Nam, Dae Kyung Sohn, Jae Hwan Oh
OBJECTIVE: The phase II randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the outcomes of robot-assisted surgery with those of laparoscopic surgery in the patients with rectal cancer. BACKGROUND: The feasibility of robot-assisted surgery over laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has not been established yet. METHODS: Between February 21, 2012 and March 11, 2015, patients with rectal cancer (cT1-3NxM0) were enrolled. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either robot-assisted or laparoscopic surgery, and stratified per sex and administration of preoperative chemoradiotherapy...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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