keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multiple drug user

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076644/main-mental-disorders-in-crack-cocaine-users-treated-at-psychosocial-care-centers-for-alcohol-and-drugs-in-the-city-of-recife-brazil
#1
Antonio Gomes de Castro, Diego César Nunes da Silva, Magda da Silva Figueiroa
Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076533/similarities-and-differences-in-crack-cocaine-use-patterns-in-santa-catarina-brazil-capital-vs-midwest
#2
Maria Terezinha Zeferino, Vivian Costa Fermo, Marcelo Brandt Fialho, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Crack cocaine has been a major public health problem in Brazil due to the individual and social harms and risks deriving from its use. This article aims to assess the characteristics of drug scenes in the capital and Midwest of Santa Catarina state. The project used the Time-Location Sampling. Between January and June 2011, 41 crack cocaine scenes were mapped in capital of Santa Catarina, whereas 33 were mapped in the Midwest of that state. Such scenes were randomly selected to be observed, as well as their days and shifts (time periods/day) for in-depth observation...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073289/generation-and-characterization-of-hiv-1-transmitted-and-founder-virus-consensus-sequence-from-intravenous-drug-users-in-xinjiang-china
#3
Fan Li, Liying Ma, Yi Feng, Jing Hu, Na Ni, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao
HIV-1 transmission in intravenous drug users (IDUs) have been characterized by high genetic multiplicity, suggests a greater challenge for HIV-1 infection blocking. We investigated a total of 749 sequences of full length gp160 gene obtained by single genome sequencing(SGS) from 22 HIV-1 early infected IDUs in Xinjiang province, northwest China, and generated a transmitted and founder virus (T/F virus) consensus sequence(IDU.CON). All the T/F virus was classified as subtype CRF07_BC, and predicted to be CCR5-tropic virus...
January 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069041/understanding-how-primary-care-practitioners-perceive-an-online-intervention-for-the-management-of-hypertension
#4
Katherine Bradbury, Katherine Morton, Rebecca Band, Carl May, Richard McManus, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve successful implementation an intervention needs to be acceptable and feasible to its users and must overcome barriers to behaviour change. The Person-Based Approach can help intervention developers to improve their interventions to ensure more successful implementation. This study provides an example of using the Person-Based Approach to refine a digital intervention for hypertension (HOME BP). METHODS: Our Person-Based Approach involved conducting qualitative focus groups with practice staff to explore their perceptions of HOME BP and to identify any potential barriers to implementation of the HOME BP procedures...
January 9, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058567/sexual-risk-and-transmission-behaviors-partnerships-and-settings-among-young-adult-nonmedical-opioid-users-in-new-york-city
#5
S R Friedman, P Mateu-Gelabert, K V Ruggles, E Goodbody, C Syckes, L Jessell, Jennifer Teubl, H Guarino
Nonmedical prescription opioid use has become widespread. It can lead to heroin use, drug injection and HIV infection. We describe young adult opioid users' sexual risk behavior, partnerships and settings. 464 youth aged 18-29 who reported opioid use in the past 30 days were recruited using Respondent-Driven Sampling. Eligible participants completed a computer-assisted, interviewer-administered risk questionnaire and were tested for STIs and HIV. Participants (33% female; 66% white non-Hispanic) almost all had sex in the prior 90 days; 42% reported more than one partner...
January 5, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057079/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-use-of-khat-a-survey-of-patients-entering-hiv-treatment-programs-in-ethiopia
#6
Alan R Lifson, Sale Workneh, Tibebe Shenie, Desalegn Admassu Ayana, Zenebe Melaku, Lemlem Bezabih, Hiwot Tekle Waktola, Behailu Dagne, Rose Hilk, Ken C Winters, Lucy Slater
BACKGROUND: Khat, a plant native to East Africa, has psychoactive constituents similar to amphetamine. Chronic khat use can lead to psychological dependence with multiple physical and mental health harms, complicating clinical management of people living with HIV. In two Ethiopian cities where khat is common, we evaluated prevalence and correlates of khat use among patients new to HIV care. METHODS: During 2013-2014, we surveyed 322 patients recently enrolled in HIV clinics in Dire Dawa and Harar about khat use, demographics, smoking and alcohol use, clinical illness, food insecurity, and social support...
January 6, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056780/kinmap-a-web-based-tool-for-interactive-navigation-through-human-kinome-data
#7
Sameh Eid, Samo Turk, Andrea Volkamer, Friedrich Rippmann, Simone Fulle
BACKGROUND: Annotations of the phylogenetic tree of the human kinome is an intuitive way to visualize compound profiling data, structural features of kinases or functional relationships within this important class of proteins. The increasing volume and complexity of kinase-related data underlines the need for a tool that enables complex queries pertaining to kinase disease involvement and potential therapeutic uses of kinase inhibitors. RESULTS: Here, we present KinMap, a user-friendly online tool that facilitates the interactive navigation through kinase knowledge by linking biochemical, structural, and disease association data to the human kinome tree...
January 5, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050786/multicenter-prospective-study-on-the-safety-of-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-in-antithrombotic-drug-users
#8
Yoshiyasu Kono, Minoru Matsubara, Tatsuya Toyokawa, Ryuta Takenaka, Seiyu Suzuki, Junichirou Nasu, Masao Yoshioka, Masahiro Nakagawa, Motowo Mizuno, Hiroyuki Sakae, Makoto Abe, Tatsuhiro Gotoda, Ko Miura, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Masaya Iwamuro, Keisuke Hori, Takao Tsuzuki, Masahide Kita, Seiji Kawano, Yoshiro Kawahara, Hiroyuki Okada
BACKGROUND: The Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society updated its guidelines for gastroenterological endoscopy in patients undergoing antithrombotic treatment in July 2012. However, the safety of endoscopic procedures in antithrombotic drug users has not been fully investigated. AIMS: To evaluate the safety of upper gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures in antithrombotic drug users. METHODS: From September 2013 to September 2015, patients who were taking antithrombotic drugs and who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures were prospectively enrolled at five hospitals...
January 3, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050250/bacillus-cereus-bacteraemia-comparison-between-haematologic-and-nonhaematologic-patients
#9
S Tusgul, G Prod'hom, L Senn, R Meuli, P-Y Bochud, S G Giulieri
Bacillus cereus bacteraemia can be severe, especially among patients with haematologic malignancy. We retrospectively reviewed first episodes of true B. cereus bacteraemia (more than one positive bottle plus signs of infection) at our institution between 1997 and 2013 with the aim to compare haematologic versus nonhaematologic patients and analyse episodes with complicated outcome. Among 56 episodes of positive-blood cultures for B. cereus, 21 were considered significant. Median age was 54 years (range 23-82 years)...
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043634/mycobacterial-excretory-secretory-31-protein-with-serine-protease-and-lipase-activities-an-immunogen-and-drug-target-against-tuberculosis-infection
#10
Bhaskar C Harinath
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) has been declared as a global emergency by the World Health Organization in 1993 and still remains one of the world's biggest threats. Worldwide, 9.6 million people have been estimated to have fallen ill with TB in 2014: 5.4 million men, 3.2 million women, and 1.0 million children. To reduce this burden, detection and treatment gaps must be addressed and new tools developed (Global TB report 2015). METHODS: Seroreactivity of the purified excretory secretory (ES) antigens ES-31, ES-43, ES-41, and ES-6 have been assessed in pulmonary TB (fresh, relapse, chronic, and latent), extrapulmonary TB, and in human immunodeficiency virus-TB coinfection...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035931/psychotropic-polypharmacy-in-patients-with%C3%A2-dementia-prevalence-and-predictors
#11
Ane Nørgaard, Christina Jensen-Dahm, Christiane Gasse, Elsebet Steno Hansen, Gunhild Waldemar
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics and other psychotropics are frequently used to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with dementia, even though the evidence for effect is limited. Concerns have been raised about the safety of antipsychotics, but concomitant use of multiple psychotropic drug classes (psychotropic polypharmacy) may also pose a risk for patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and predictors associated with use of psychotropic polypharmacy in patients with dementia...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025347/hedd-the-human-epigenetic-drug-database
#12
Yunfeng Qi, Dadong Wang, Daying Wang, Taicheng Jin, Liping Yang, Hui Wu, Yaoyao Li, Jing Zhao, Fengping Du, Mingxia Song, Renjun Wang
Epigenetic drugs are chemical compounds that target disordered post-translational modification of histone proteins and DNA through enzymes, and the recognition of these changes by adaptor proteins. Epigenetic drug-related experimental data such as gene expression probed by high-throughput sequencing, co-crystal structure probed by X-RAY diffraction and binding constants probed by bio-assay have become widely available. The mining and integration of multiple kinds of data can be beneficial to drug discovery and drug repurposing...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999646/higher-rate-of-microscopic-hematuria-in-elderly-patients-who-take-regular-doses-of-aspirin-result-from-ahap-study
#13
Emadouddin Moudi, Seyed-Reza Hosseini, Ali Bijani
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is the most widely used drug in medicine for cardiovascular and as recently for its role in cancer prevention. Although the risk of bleeding events increased following regular use of aspirin, little is known about the association of aspirin and hematuria. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of regular aspirin use and microscopic hematuria in elderly. METHODS: In this study, we have extracted the data of elderly people who participated in Amirkola Health and Aging Project (AHAP) and taking regular doses of aspirin...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979017/inhalation-devices-delivery-systems-and-patient-technique
#14
Harold S Nelson
BACKGROUND: In real-life clinical settings, physicians often consider the properties of various inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), but typically little consideration is given to the properties of different inhalers and formulations. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the effects of inhalation devices and user technique on efficacy, safety, and adherence with the aim of improving asthma management. METHODS: Relevant publications were selected to augment discussion...
December 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968886/recreational-drug-use-among-chinese-msm-results-from-a-national-wide-cross-sectional-study
#15
Peizhen Zhao, Songyuan Tang, Cheng Wang, Ye Zhang, John Best, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Weiming Tang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, recreational drug use has considerably increased among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). This increase has a great potential to worsen the scenario of the heavy burden of HIV among Chinese MSM. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of recreational drug use, and to explore the association between poppers use and testing history for HIV or STIs, gay app use, and other sexual behaviours. METHODS: We recruited MSM who were born male and were aged 16 years or older through a nation-wide online survey in 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943542/hbv-hcv-co-infection-is-associated-with-a-high-level-of-hcv-spontaneous-clearance-among-drug-users-and-blood-donors-in-china
#16
H Xiong, X Rong, M Wang, R Xu, K Huang, Q Liao, J Huang, J Chen, C Li, X Tang, Z Shan, M Zhang, K Nelson, Y Fu
Understanding the biology of spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection could lead to improved strategies to prevent the sequelae associated with chronic HCV infection. Chronic infections with hepatitis virus are very common in China, but the factors associated with spontaneous clearance of HCV have not been adequately studied. We evaluated the spontaneous clearance of HCV among 1918 drug users and 1526 HCV-seropositive blood donors in Guangzhou, China. Among participants who were co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), 41...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930590/low-mortality-but-increasing-incidence-of-staphylococcus-aureus-endocarditis-in-people-who-inject-drugs-experience-from-a-swedish-referral-hospital
#17
Hilmir Asgeirsson, Anders Thalme, Ola Weiland
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of infective endocarditis in people who inject drugs (PWID). The management of S aureus endocarditis (SAE) in PWID can be problematic. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to assess the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and mortality of S aureus endocarditis (SAE) in PWID in Stockholm, Sweden.The Department of Infectious Diseases at the Karolinska University Hospital serves as a regional referral center for drug users with severe infections...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924032/the-antismash-database-a-comprehensive-database-of-microbial-secondary-metabolite-biosynthetic-gene-clusters
#18
Kai Blin, Marnix H Medema, Renzo Kottmann, Sang Yup Lee, Tilmann Weber
Secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms are the main source of bioactive compounds that are in use as antimicrobial and anticancer drugs, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides. In the last decade, the increasing availability of microbial genomes has established genome mining as a very important method for the identification of their biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). One of the most popular tools for this task is antiSMASH. However, so far, antiSMASH is limited to de novo computing results for user-submitted genomes and only partially connects these with BGCs from other organisms...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898577/decline-in-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-among-non-injecting-heroin-and-cocaine-users-in-new-york-city-2005-to-2014-prospects-for-avoiding-a-resurgence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
Don C Des Jarlais, Kamyar Arasteh, Jonathan Feelemyer, Courtney McKnight, Susan Tross, David C Perlman, Aimee N C Campbell, Holly Hagan, Hannah L F Cooper
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection increases both susceptibility to and transmissibility of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and HSV-2 and HIV are often strongly associated in HIV epidemics. We assessed trends in HSV-2 prevalence among non-injecting drug users (NIDUs) when HIV prevalence declined from 16% to 8% among NIDUs in New York City. METHODS: Subjects were current non-injecting users of heroin and/or cocaine and who had never injected illicit drugs...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845738/drug-dependence-treatment-awareness-among-japanese-female-stimulant-drug-offenders
#20
Shinzo Yatsugi, Koji Fujita, Saori Kashima, Akira Eboshida
Few stimulant drug users receive adequate treatment. This cross-sectional study describes the characteristics of female drug offenders that use stimulants and clarifies the factors related to the awareness of treatment for drug dependencies. We included 80 females imprisoned due to stimulant control law violations from 2012 to 2015. The characteristics of the female prisoners were stratified according to various treatment awareness levels, and associations between each characteristic and treatment awareness were evaluated using logistic regression models...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
67021
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"