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Radial nerve palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895575/synkinetic-wrist-extension-in-distinguishing-cortical-hand-from-radial-nerve-palsy
#1
Francesco Brigo, Giammario Ragnedda, Piera Canu, Raffaele Nardone
We describe a patient with pseudoradial nerve palsy caused by acute ischaemic stroke ('cortical hand') to emphasise how preserved synkinetic wrist extension following fist closure can distinguish this from peripheral causes of wrist drop.
June 12, 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879053/ultrasound-guided-perineural-injection-with-dextrose-for-treatment-of-radial-nerve-palsy-a-case-report
#2
Si-Ru Chen, Yu-Ping Shen, Tsung-Yen Ho, Liang-Cheng Chen, Yung-Tsan Wu
RATIONALE: Perineural injection with dextrose could be a novel intervention for peripheral entrapment neuropathy. However, this intervention has not been reported for treating radial nerve palsy (RNP). Here, we present a case with RNP having outstanding improvement after 2 sessions of ultrasound-guided perineural injection with 5% dextrose (D5W). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old woman presented with difficulty and weakness in extension of her left wrist and fingers after she slept with the arm compressed against her body...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861628/management-of-ao-type-12c-humerus-proximal-metadiaphyseal-fractures-with-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-in-geriatric-patients
#3
Firat Seyfettinoğlu, Hasan Ulaş Oğur, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hakan Çiçek, Ahmet Kapukaya
Background: To evaluate the treatment efficacy and complications of the lateral minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) method in geriatric patients with a humerus diaphyseal fracture with proximal extension. Patients and methods: The study included a total of 21 patients (18 females, 3 males; mean age 74±6.3 years, range 65-89 years) who underwent surgery with the lateral MIPO technique for a humerus diaphyseal fracture with proximal extension during the period January 2011 to December 2016...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795972/low-level-laser-therapy-for-radial-nerve-palsy-patients-our-experience
#4
Chikara Oshima, Hitoshi Nakazawa, Hideaki Izukura, Midori Miyagi, Akito Mizutani, Takashi Harada, Toshio Ohshiro, Satoru Ebihara
Background and Aims: Peripheral nerve injury is one of the frequent complaints which is seen in the outpatient clinic of our medical institute. In previous studies we have reported on the benefits of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for central nerve system disorders, namely cerebrovascular accidents and cerebral palsy. The present study is a report on our experience of the effects of LLLT for peripheral nerve palsy. Materials and Methods: Over the past 5 years, 13 subjects visited the out-patient clinic with the chief complaint of radial nerve palsy caused by compression of the nerve through with abnormal positioning, and sleeping posture at night...
March 31, 2018: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725505/outcome-of-tendon-transfers-for-radial-nerve-palsy-in-a-malaysian-tertiary-centre
#5
J Richford, S Abdullah, M Norhafizah, I Juliana, F Rashdeen, A Razana
Tendon transfers for radial nerve palsy is a common operation with good results. We did a retrospective study on twenty patients with radial nerve palsy who underwent tendon transfer surgery and recovered between January 2008 and December 2012. Outcomes measured were motor power of wrist extension, finger extension, grip strength and DASH scores. There was significant improvement of motor power of wrist and finger extension between the preoperative period and three months post-operatively, between the pre operative period and six months post operatively and between three and six months postoperatively (p = 0...
March 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600269/acute-combined-median-and-radial-nerve-palsies-after-distal-humeral-shaft-fracture
#6
Shalin Patel, Dafang Zhang, Brandon E Earp
We report a case of a 29-year-old man who presented with a distal humeral shaft fracture sustained by blunt trauma. Physical examination and nerve conduction study were consistent with injury to the median and radial nerves proximal to the elbow. The patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation of the humeral shaft fracture with neurolysis of the median and radial nerves. Repeat electromyography at 6 months postoperatively showed recruitment of motor units in all muscles sampled, in keeping with clinical improvement...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503945/atypical-tolosa-hunt-syndrome-with-bilateral-sclerokeratitis-and-optic-atrophy-in-takayasu-s-arteritis
#7
Kalpana Babu, Deepika C Parameswarappa
Purpose: We report an interesting case of atypical Tolosa Hunt syndrome with bilateral Sclerokeratitis and optic atrophy in a patient with Takayasu's arteritis. Observations: A 31-year- old lady presented with severe retroorbital pain in the right eye and right sided headache of 2 weeks duration. She had a history of 6th and 7th nerve palsies which improved with oral corticosteroids. Her BCVA was no perception of light in OD and 6/6 in OS. Slitlamp examination showed bilateral old sclerokeratitis and fundus examination showed bilateral optic atrophy...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483014/endovascular-stent-coiling-of-a-giant-basilar-artery-aneurysm-through-a-previous-radial-artery-bypass
#8
Burak Ozdemir, Cory M Kelly, Michael R Levitt, Louis J Kim
Giant, partially-thrombosed basilar artery (BA) aneurysms are extraordinarily difficult to treat. Due to the high risk of rupture exclusion of these aneurysms from the circulation is imperative. In certain instances, direct clipping is unsuitable, and high-flow bypass and proximal parent vessel clip occlusion is required. We report a case of a recurrent partially-thrombosed giant BA apex aneurysm treated with endovascular stent-coiling through a previous radial artery bypass graft. Following the initial bypass and aneurysm trapping six years prior, the patient was neurologically stable until three months prior to admission when he developed new diplopia and left third nerve palsy...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400678/a-comparative-study-of-rehabilitation-therapy-in-traumatic-upper-limb-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#9
Cristian Milicin, Elena Sîrbu
INTRODUCTION: Lower motor neurons are the only neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) with the ability to regenerate without any intervention after an axotomy. AIM: This present study was conducted to analyze clinical and electrophysiological parameters in four groups of upper limb peripheral neuropathies, before and after treatment, comparing the results obtained after three cures of complex rehabilitation therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected a number of 107 patients (66 women and 41 men) aged between 29 and 77 years (mean age = 49...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398228/transient-trochlear-nerve-palsy-following-percutaneous-angioplasty
#10
I Roberts Martínez-Aguirre, M E de Las Heras Gómez de Liaño, V Lacosta Asín, M E Zarzosa Martín, J M Alonso Maroto, E Pérez-Salvador García
CASE REPORT: A case is presented of a 63-year-old man who suffered a unilateral isolated trochlear nerve palsy with vertical diplopia following an elective radial coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention, which resolved spontaneously within 2 months. DISCUSSION: Ophthalmoplegia following coronary percutaneous angioplasty is rare. Only internuclear ophthalmoplegia, III and VI cranial nerve palsy have been previously reported following percutaneous angioplasty...
February 1, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382110/intraneural-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-for-the-treatment-of-radial-nerve-section-a-case-report
#11
Unai García de Cortázar, Sabino Padilla, Enrique Lobato, Diego Delgado, Mikel Sánchez
The radial nerve is the most frequently injured nerve in the upper extremity. Numerous options in treatment have been described for radial nerve injury, such as neurolysis, nerve grafts, or tendon transfers. Currently, new treatment options are arising, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP), an autologous product with proved therapeutic effect for various musculoskeletal disorders. We hypothesized that this treatment is a promising alternative for this type of nerve pathology. The patient was a healthy 27-year-old man who suffered a deep and long cut in the distal anterolateral region of the right arm...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339841/role-of-autologous-non-vascularised-intramedullary-fibular-strut-graft-in-humeral-shaft-nonunions-following-failed-plating
#12
Sreekanth Kashayi-Chowdojirao, Aashish Vallurupalli, Vijay Krishna Chilakamarri, Chandrasekhar Patnala, Lalith Mohan Chodavarapu, Nageswara Rao Kancherla, Asif Hussain Khazi Syed
Background: Non-union humeral shaft fractures are seen frequently in clinical practice at about 2-10% in conservative management and 30% in surgically operated patients. Osteosynthesis using dynamic compression plate (DCP), intramedullary nailing, locking compression plate (LCP), Ilizarov technique along with bone grafting have been reported previously. In cases of prior failed plate-screw osteosynthesis the resultant osteopenia, cortical defect, bone loss, scalloping around screws and metallosis, make the management of non-union more complicated...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216775/value-of-ultrasound-in-diagnosis-of-radial-nerve-palsy-with-hourglass-like-constrictions-without-extrinsic-compression-a-case-report
#13
Chul-Hyung Lee, Taehyeon Jeon, Cheol-U Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201302/antibiotic-spacers-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-comparison-of-stemmed-and-stemless-implants
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Eric M Padegimas, Alexia Narzikul, Cassandra Lawrence, Benjamin A Hendy, Joseph A Abboud, Matthew L Ramsey, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
Background: Antibiotic spacers in shoulder periprosthetic joint infection deliver antibiotics locally and provide temporary stability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences between stemmed and stemless spacers. Methods: All spacers placed from 2011 to 2013 were identified. Stemless spacers were made by creating a spherical ball of cement placed in the joint space. Stemmed spacers had some portion in the humeral canal. Operative time, complications, reimplantation, reinfection, and range of motion were analyzed...
December 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182131/lateral-pinning-versus-others-procedures-in-the-treatment-of-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-in-children
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N Begovic, Z Paunovic, Z Djuraskovic, L Lazovic, T Mijovic, S Babic
We compared results of lateral pinning procedure with crossed pinning, closed reduction, and open reduction in a retrospective review of 184 patients with displaced supracondylar humeral fractures. All patients had a minimum of 2 years follow-up (range 36-90 months). Patients were separated into 4 groups. Success was estimated by Flynn's criteria. We compared success of the lateral pinning to others procedures. Incidence of nerve palsy was recorded and compared. Esthetic effect of lateral pinning is significantly better than closed reduction (p=0...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169591/radial-nerve-palsy-after-humeral-shaft-fractures-the-case-for-early-exploration-and-a-new-classification-to-guide-treatment-and-prognosis
#16
REVIEW
Gerard Chang, Asif M Ilyas
Radial nerve palsies are a common complication associated with humeral shaft fractures. The authors propose classifying these injuries into 4 types based on intraoperative findings: type 1 stretch/neuropraxia, type 2 incarcerated, type 3 partial transection, and type 4 complete transection. The initial management of radial nerve palsies associated with closed fractures of the humerus remains a controversial topic, with early exploration reserved for open fractures, fractures that cannot achieve an adequate closed reduction requiring fracture repair, fractures with associated vascular injuries, and polytrauma patients...
February 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166638/predictors-of-surgical-outcomes-of-traumatic-peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-children-an-institutional-experience
#17
Bhagavatula Indira Devi, Subhas K Konar, Dhananjaya I Bhat, Dhaval P Shukla, R Bharath, M S Gopalakrishnan
AIM: This study was undertaken to address the epidemiological characteristics, operative details, and surgical outcome of peripheral nerve injuries in children treated in a tertiary hospital in India (NIMHANS, Bangalore). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of epidemiology, operative findings, and surgical outcomes over the period of 2000-2016. Our series includes 102 children with peripheral nerve injuries of various causes. RESULTS: Intramuscular injections were the most common cause (52...
2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122119/avoiding-radial-nerve-palsy-in-proximal-radius-shaft-plating-a-cadaver-study
#18
Angelika M Schwarz, Gloria M Hohenberger, Andreas H Weiglein, Regina Riedl, Mario Staresinic, Stephan Grechenig
BACKGROUND: Opinions vary concerning the position of forearm rotation during detachment of the supinator in radial nerve palsy Henry's and Thompson's approaches. PURPOSE: To define the optimal forearm position for a safe detachment of the supinator during these approaches and to clarify their close relationship to the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN). METHODS: The study sample comprised 90 upper extremities of 45 human adult cadavers, embalmed using Thiel's method...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122115/humeral-shaft-cerclage-wiring-a-safe-technique-to-prevent-radial-nerve-injury
#19
Stephan Grechenig, Gloria Hohenberger, Bore Bakota, Mario Staresinic, Peter Grechenig, Antonio Ernstberger
Humeral periprosthetic fractures are a challenging problem and their occurrence has increased, particularly over the last decade. The role of cerclage wires or cables in these fractures includes revisions with longer stems, and augmentation of a plate osteosynthesis in which the stem does not allow additional screw placement or structural bone grafts as supplementary fixation. These procedures are demanding because of the proximity of the radial nerve within the operating field. Placing a cerclage wire or cable around the fractured fragments offers a simple and safe procedure to avoid radial nerve injury or palsy in the treatment of complex humeral shaft fractures...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103824/modified-anterolateral-approach-for-internal-fixation-of-holstein-lewis-humeral-shaft-fractures
#20
Ho Min Lee, Young Sung Kim, Suk Kang, Min Young Lee, Jong Pil Kim
BACKGROUND: The authors modified the anterolateral approach for Holstein-Lewis humeral shaft fractures using a plating technique to achieve sufficient distal fixation by minimal splitting of the brachioradialis muscle to fix the most distal screws. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of our modified anterolateral approach for Holstein-Lewis humeral fractures and document clinical and functional results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2014, 18 patients (mean age 35...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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