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Josefine Larsson, Katarzyna Smolarz, Justyna Świeżak, Magda Turower, Natalia Czerniawska, Mats Grahn
Anthropogenic pollution including metals, petroleum, toxins, nutrients and many others is a growing problem in the marine environment. These are important factors altering the environment and by that the fate of many local populations of marine organisms. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of selected point pollution sources on resident populations of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis trossulus) in the Baltic Sea using multiple biomarker approach. The study used a nested sampling scheme in which sites from reference (REF) habitats are geographically paired with selected sites from sewage treatment plants (STP) and harbors (HAR)...
March 1, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Tatiana Robledo-Mahón, Elisabet Aranda, Chiara Pesciaroli, Alfonso Rodríguez-Calvo, Gloria Andrea Silva-Castro, Jesús González-López, Concepción Calvo
Sewage sludge composting is a profitable process economically viable and environmentally friendly. In despite of there are several kind of composting types, the use of combined system of semipermeable cover film and aeration air-floor is widely developed at industrial scale. However, the knowledge of the linkages between microbial communities structure, enzyme activities and physico-chemical factors under these conditions it has been poorly explored. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the bacterial dynamic and community structure using next generation sequencing coupled to analyses of microbial enzymatic activity and culturable dependent techniques in a full-scale real composting plant...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Namita Maharjan, Naoki Nomoto, Tadashi Tagawa, Tsutomu Okubo, Shigeki Uemura, Nadeem Khalil, Masashi Hatamoto, Takashi Yamaguchi, Hideki Harada
This paper assesses the technical and economic sustainability of a combined system of an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)- down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) for sewage treatment. Additionally, this study compares UASB-DHS with current technologies in India like trickling filters (TF), sequencing batch reactor (SBR), moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR), and other combinations of UASB with post-treatment systems such as final polishing ponds (FPU) and extended aeration sludge process (EASP). The sustainability of the sewage treatment plants (STPs) was evaluated using a composite indicator, which incorporated environmental, societal and economic dimensions...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Technology
Qingdong Zhang, Na Liu, Yen Wei, Lin Feng
The facile fabrication of a hydrogel-networks coated membrane for efficient oil-in-water emulsion separation was successfully achieved through the photo-initiated free radical polymerization of 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid (AMPS). Due to the combination of the special wettability of the PAMPS hydrogel with the microscale multi-porous structure of the substrate, such a membrane is able to achieve the separation of sundry surfactants stabilized oil-in-water emulsions with high separation efficiency, large permeation flux and excellent stability...
March 20, 2018: Soft Matter
Renju Rajan, Delvin T Robin, Vandanarani M
Biomedical waste management is an integral part of traditional and contemporary system of health care. The paper focuses on the identification and classification of biomedical wastes in Ayurvedic hospitals, current practices of its management in Ayurveda hospitals and its future prospective. Databases like PubMed (1975-2017 Feb), Scopus (1960-2017), AYUSH Portal, DOAJ, DHARA and Google scholar were searched. We used the medical subject headings 'biomedical waste' and 'health care waste' for identification and classification...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
M X Lima, K Q Carvalho, F H Passig, A C Borges, T C Filippe, J C R Azevedo, A Nagalli
The present study aimed to assess removal potential of chemical oxygen demand (COD), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), total phosphorus (TP) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in synthetic wastewater simulating low-strength sewage by sequencing-batch mode constructed wetlands (CWs). Six CWs with three substrates (gravel, light expanded clay and clay bricks) and one CW of each substrate was planted with E. crassipes to verify the feasibility of using a floating macrophyte in CWs and verify the best optimized substrate...
March 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jae-Min Choi, Sun-Kee Han, Chae-Young Lee
This study was performed to optimize thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP) of sewage sludge for enhanced anaerobic digestion (AD). Using the response surface methodology (RSM), the optimal conditions were found 180 °C of reaction temperature and 76 min of reaction time. Through THP under optimal conditions, high molecular substances in sewage sludge such as soluble microbial by-products (SMPs) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) were hydrolyzed into low molecular ones without the generation of refractory compounds...
February 27, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Jieqiong Jiang, Di Mu, Mengyu Ding, Shiyi Zhang, Hong Zhang, Jianying Hu
While phthalates monoesters have been recognized as the bioactive metabolites of phthalates, the knowledge on their environmental occurrence and sources is limited. In this study, monomethyl phthalate (MMP), monoethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-iso-butyl phthalate (MiBP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), and mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) were frequently detected in water samples from the Taihu Lake in China using an improved SPE-LC-MS-MS method. The mean concentrations for MMP, MEP, MiBP, MnBP, and MEHP were 51...
March 13, 2018: Chemosphere
Mohamadreza Masoudinejad, Mansour Ghaderpoori, Ahmad Zarei, Jamal Nasehifar, Alireza Malekzadeh, Jalil Nasiri, Afshin Ghaderpoury
Due to the great possibility of water contamination of many rivers by human activities in Iran, the study of water quality is crucial for water resource protection and human health. High level of phosphorous is the main reason for eutrophication of freshwater systems. The main aim of this study was to investigate the concentration of phosphorus in the rivers feeding into Taham dam in Zanjan, using GIS software. 40 sampling stations were selected along Taham and Ghalharod Rivers with respect to sewage discharge points and feeding characteristics of water entering to Taham dam...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Yan Lin, Zhihao Chen, Minquan Dai, Shiwen Fang, Yanfen Liao, Zhaosheng Yu, Xiaoqian Ma
In this study, the kinetic models of bagasse, sewage sludge and their mixture were established by the multiple normal distributed activation energy model. Blending with sewage sludge, the initial temperature declined from 437 K to 418 K. The pyrolytic species could be divided into five categories, including analogous hemicelluloses I, hemicelluloses II, cellulose, lignin and bio-char. In these species, the average activation energies and the deviations situated at reasonable ranges of 166.4673-323.7261 kJ/mol and 0...
March 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Diego Averaldo Guiguet Leal, Doris Sobral Marques Souza, Karin Silva Caumo, Gislaine Fongaro, Lua Ferreira Panatieri, Maurício Durigan, Marilise Brittes Rott, Célia Regina Monte Barardi, Regina Maura Bueno Franco
Waterborne, food-borne and sewage-borne pathogens are a major global concern, with the annual recurrence, most notably during the summer, of outbreaks of gastroenteritis of unconfirmed etiology associated with recreational activities in marine environments. The consumption of contaminated water-based foodstuffs is also related to outbreaks of human illness. The main goals of the present study were: i) to identify the genetic assemblages of Giardia duodenalis cysts in growing and depurated oysters destined for human consumption on the southern coast of São Paulo, Brazil; ii) to verify the main circulating G...
March 9, 2018: Water Research
Lijian Leng, Songqi Leng, Jie Chen, Xingzhong Yuan, Jun Li, Kun Li, Yunpu Wang, Wenguang Zhou
Co-liquefaction of municipal sewage sludge (MSS) and heavy metal (HM) contaminated lignocellulosic biomass (rice straw or wood sawdust) was conducted at 300 °C with ethanol as the solvent to study the transformation behavior of HMs (e.g., Cu, Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn, and Ni). The results indicate that HMs in rice straw or wood sawdust transferred heavily to bio-oils (up to 10-25% of the total Cu, Cd, and Zn) when they were liquefied individually, compared with MSS with only ∼5% distributed to bio-oil. The bio-available fraction of HMs in bio-chars and bio-oils produced from liquefaction of individual biomass were assessed to show medium to high risk to the environment...
March 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Qingqing Huang, Yao Yu, Yanan Wan, Qi Wang, Zhang Luo, Yuhui Qiao, Dechun Su, Huafen Li
A four-year field trial was conducted in a rice paddy in southern China to determine the effects of continuous phosphate fertilizer, pig manure, chicken manure, and sewage sludge application on soil Cd accumulation in soil and Cd uptake by rice. The results showed that continuous application of fertilizers with higher Cd levels caused Cd to accumulate and redistribute in various soil fractions. In turn, these effects influenced Cd bioavailability in rice plants. After four years of phosphate fertilizer, pig manure, chicken manure, and sewage sludge application, the annual soil Cd accumulation rates were 0...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Sidy Ba, Lounès Haroune, Lassine Soumano, Jean-Phillipe Bellenger, J Peter Jones, Hubert Cabana
The increasing presence of pharmaceutical products (PPs) and other organic contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in aquatic systems has become one of the major global environmental contamination concerns. Sewage treatment plants (STPs) are one of the major sources of PPs discharge into natural waters due to the deficiencies of conventional treatment processes to deal with these micropollutants. Numerous new treatment processes and technologies have been investigated for the removals of CECs in wastewaters with more or less success...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Huihui Han, Hengfeng Miao, Yajing Zhang, Minfeng Lu, Zhenxing Huang, Wenquan Ruan
Disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursors in wastewater during the reversed anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A2 /O) process, as well as their molecular weight (MW) and polarity-based fractions, were characterized with UV scanning, fluorescence excitation emission matrix, Fourier transform infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Their DBP formation potentials (DBPFPs) after chlorination were further tested. Results indicated that the reversed A2 /O process could not only effectively remove the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved total nitrogen in the wastewater, but also affect the MW distribution and hydrophilic-hydrophobic properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM)...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Roberto Raga, Alberto Pivato, Maria Cristina Lavagnolo, Laura Megido, Raffaello Cossu
In this study, a top cover system is investigated as a control for emissions during the aftercare of new landfills and for old landfills where biogas energy production might not be profitable. Different materials were studied as landfill cover system in lab-scale columns: mechanical-biological pretreated municipal solid waste (MBP); mechanical-biological pretreated biowaste (PB); fine (PBSf ) and coarse (PBSc ) mechanical-biological pretreated mixtures of biowaste and sewage sludge, and natural soil (NS). The effectiveness of these materials in removing methane and sulphur compounds from a gas stream was tested, even coupled with activated carbon membranes...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Tingting Zhang, Xiaowei Wang, Jiti Zhou, Yu Zhang
Methanotrophic-heterotrophic communities were selectively enriched from sewage sludge to obtain a mixed culture with high levels of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) accumulation capacity from methane. Methane was used as the carbon source, N2 as sole nitrogen source, and oxygen and Cu content were varied. Copper proved essential for PHB synthesis. All cultures enriched with Cu could accumulate high content of PHB (43.2%-45.9%), while only small amounts of PHB were accumulated by cultures enriched without Cu (11...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Xuan Shi, Huu Hao Ngo, Langtao Sang, Pengkang Jin, Xiaochang C Wang, Guanghua Wang
In this study, a pilot combined sewer system was constructed to characterize the pollutant transformation in sewer sediment. The results showed that particulate contaminants deposited from sewage could be transformed into dissolved matter by distinct pollutant transformation pathways. Although the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) was varied from -80 mV to -340 mV in different region of the sediment, the fermentation was the dominant process in all regions of the sediment, which induced hydrolysis and decomposition of particulate contaminants...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Daoping Zha, Ying Li, Cunman Yang, Chi Yao
Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) have been detected in the surface water, suspended sediments, and river sediments from the Yangtze River in China. A modified polar organic chemical integrative sampler (m-POCIS) was successfully used to quantify the OPFR concentrations in surface water. The OPFR concentrations estimated by the field m-POCIS at six sampling locations ranged from 8.99 to 112.45 ng/L with an average concentration of 47.04 ng/L. The OPFR concentrations in suspended sediments were related to the sediment particle size distribution...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Paul G Cantalupo, James M Pipas
We present the complete genome sequence of a virus found in raw sewage collected in Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Pittsburgh sewage-associated virus 1 (PSAV1) encodes one large open reading frame with conserved domains typically found in the Picornavirales order of viruses. PSAV1 is closely related to Biomphalaria virus 2 (BV2).
March 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
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