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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054573/simulation-as-a-surgical-teaching-model
#1
José Luis Ruiz-Gómez, José Ignacio Martín-Parra, Mónica González-Noriega, Carlos Godofredo Redondo-Figuero, José Carlos Manuel-Palazuelos
Teaching of surgery has been affected by many factors over the last years, such as the reduction of working hours, the optimization of the use of the operating room or patient safety. Traditional teaching methodology fails to reduce the impact of these factors on surgeońs training. Simulation as a teaching model minimizes such impact, and is more effective than traditional teaching methods for integrating knowledge and clinical-surgical skills. Simulation complements clinical assistance with training, creating a safe learning environment where patient safety is not affected, and ethical or legal conflicts are avoided...
October 17, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053519/a-low-cost-simulator-for-training-in-endoscopic-assisted-transaxillary-dual-plane-breast-augmentation
#2
Chenglong Wang, Lin Chen, Dali Mu, Minqiang Xin, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic-assisted transaxillary dual-plane (EATD) technique is a popular procedure for breast augmentation, especially for Chinese women. However, frustration is often expressed by plastic surgeons when first attempting EATD surgery. Simulation-based teaching is beneficial for EATD training, but it is expensive. This study presents a low-cost simulator to help plastic surgeons exercise psychomotor skills during EATD surgery. METHODS: The low-cost simulator was invented by Dr Jie Luan (the senior author) and made of some easily available materials including a mannequin, a T-shirt printed the bottom anatomical structure of the chest, the order of dissection, and the potential bleeding spot, and an elastic compression garment printed the upper anatomical structure and the cut-off position to sever the pectoralis major muscle...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049525/impact-of-the-haga-braincare-strategy-on-the-burden-of-haemodynamic-and-embolic-strokes-related-to-cardiac-surgery
#3
Friso Duynstee, Ruud W M Keunen, Agnes van Sonderen, Ali M Keyhan-Falsafi, Gerard J F Hoohenkerk, Gayleen Stephens, Erik Teeuws, Jan W K van Alphen, Dénes L J Tavy, Arne Mosch, Sebastiaan F T M de Bruijn, Hans van Overhagen, Frank E E Treurniet, Lucas C van Dijk, Paulien M van Kampen
OBJECTIVES: This study prospectively evaluates the impact of the Haga Braincare Strategy (HBS) on the occurrence of haemodynamic and embolic stroke in a cohort of patients who underwent coronay artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve replacement of a combination of both types of surgery between 2012 and 2015 at the Haga Teaching Hospitals. METHODS: The HBS is a dual strategy based on a preoperative vascular work-up of the cerebral circulation by transcranial Doppler and a perioperative monitoring of the cerebral circulation by cerebral oximetry...
June 15, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046091/crossing-the-bridge-to-vats-lobectomy
#4
P Tcherveniakov, C Bogdan, N Chaudhuri
Introduction The impact of the introduction of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) on the management of lung cancer 20 years ago has been well documented. However, the uptake of VATS lobectomy in surgical practice worldwide has been slower than expected. We believe that this is partly due to a lack of consensus on how this procedure should be integrated into training programmes. We present our initial experience with a newly developed training model, which could help bridge the divide between open and VATS lobectomy...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044398/trends-in-mortality-and-major-complications-for-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-among-urban-teaching-hospitals-in-china-2004-to-2013
#5
Xin Yuan, Heng Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Chenfei Rao, Yan Zhao, Yun Wang, Harlan M Krumholz, Shengshou Hu
Aims: Although the number of hospitals performing cardiac surgery has increased rapidly in China, information regarding the trends in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) outcomes remains unknown. Methods and results: We used data from the Chinese Cardiac Surgery Registry, the largest registry system that accounts for nearly 50% of total annual CABG volume in China, to assess trends of in-hospital mortality and major complication rates for patients receiving isolated CABG in 102 urban teaching hospitals in China from 25 January 2004 through 31 December 2013 (except 2006 and 2009)...
October 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043542/undergraduate-basic-surgical-skills-education-impact-on-attitudes-to-a-career-in-surgery-and-surgical-skills-acquisition
#6
P F McAnena, N O'Halloran, B M Moloney, D Courtney, R M Waldron, G Flaherty, M J Kerin
INTRODUCTION: Basic surgical skills modules in medical education are effective in teaching skills and increasing confidence among students approaching surgery. However, these modules are not delivered universally and their effect on the professional development of graduates has not been established. We aimed to assess the impact of a 10-week basic surgical skills module on attitudes and technical skills of first year medical students compared to interns. METHODS: Eighteen students participated and were assessed using a 4-part questionnaire...
October 17, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042844/designing-a-care-pathway-model-a-case-study-of-the-outpatient-total-hip-arthroplasty-care-pathway
#7
Robin I Oosterholt, Lianne Wl Simonse, Stella U Boess, Stephan Bw Vehmeijer
INTRODUCTION: Although the clinical attributes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) care pathways have been thoroughly researched, a detailed understanding of the equally important organisational attributes is still lacking. The aim of this article is to contribute with a model of the outpatient THA care pathway that depicts how the care team should be organised to enable patient discharge on the day of surgery. THEORY: The outpatient THA care pathway enables patients to be discharged on the day of surgery, shortening the length of stay and intensifying the provision and organisation of care...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037824/resource-usage-implementing-the-surgical-resident-prep-curriculum-at-a-single-institution
#8
Lily Owei, Chris Neylan, Rachel Kelz, Kristoffel R Dumon, Steve R Allen, Noel Williams, Daniel T Dempsey, Carla Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The Resident Prep Curriculum (RPC), published in 2014 and developed as a collaboration of the American College of Surgeons, Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and the Association for Surgical Education, was designed to improve the quality and consistency of medical student preparation for surgical residency. We aim to assess the feasibility of and resource usage for implementation of this curriculum at our institution. DESIGN: Our institution expanded upon a pre-existing 2-week surgical preparatory course, adding modules designed to meet the goals and objectives of the RPC...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034225/the-perception-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-heart-model-from-the-perspective-of-different-stakeholders-a-complex-case-of-truncus-arteriosus
#9
Giovanni Biglino, Sarah Moharem-Elgamal, Matthew Lee, Robert Tulloh, Massimo Caputo
The case of an 11-year-old male patient with truncus arteriosus is presented. The patient has a right aortic arch, a repaired truncus arteriosus, pulmonary artery stenosis, as well as conduit stenosis, with a complex surgical plan being discussed. In order to gather additional insight into the patient's anatomy prior to the surgery and to facilitate communication with the patient's parents, a three-dimensional (3D) model of his heart and main vessels was created from computed tomography data. Feedback was collected from different stakeholders...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033273/current-techniques-of-teaching-and-learning-in-bariatric-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#10
Mirjam Kaijser, Gabrielle van Ramshorst, Bart van Wagensveld, Jean-Pierre Pierie
OBJECTIVE: The gastric sleeve resection and gastric bypass are the 2 most commonly performed bariatric procedures. This article provides an overview of current teaching and learning methods of those techniques in resident and fellow training. DESIGN: A database search was performed on Pubmed, Embase, and the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) to identify the methods used to provide training in bariatric surgery worldwide. After exclusion based on titles and abstracts, full texts of the selected articles were assessed...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032910/venous-thromboembolism-after-laparoscopic-or-robotic-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-ninety-days-outcome-of-a-10-years-experience
#11
Hamzeh M Halawani, Charis F Ripley-Hager, Mary C Naglak, Fernando Bonanni, Gintaras Antanavicius
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a feared complication after bariatric surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is a complex bariatric procedure that is offered typically to super morbidly obese patients. Scarce data exist in reporting VTE outcome and identifying the risk factors associated with it after BPD-DS. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for VTE after BPD-DS at 90-day follow-up. SETTING: A nonprofit regional referral center and teaching hospital in Pennsylvania...
September 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031522/video-based-surgical-learning-improving-trainee-education-and-preparation-for-surgery
#12
Paulo Mota, Nuno Carvalho, Emanuel Carvalho-Dias, Manuel João Costa, Jorge Correia-Pinto, Estevão Lima
BACKGROUND: Since the end of the XIX century, teaching of surgery has remained practically unaltered until now. With the dawn of video-assisted laparoscopy, surgery has faced new technical and learning challenges. Due to technological advances, from Internet access to portable electronic devices, the use of online resources is part of the educational armamentarium. In this respect, videos have already proven to be effective and useful, however the best way to benefit from these tools is still not clearly defined...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029684/validation-of-the-three-web-quality-dimensions-of-a-minimally-invasive-surgery-e-learning-platform
#13
Juan Francisco Ortega-Morán, J Blas Pagador, Luisa Fernanda Sánchez-Peralta, Patricia Sánchez-González, José Noguera, Daniel Burgos, Enrique J Gómez, Francisco M Sánchez-Margallo
INTRODUCTION: E-learning web environments, including the new TELMA platform, are increasingly being used to provide cognitive training in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to surgeons. A complete validation of this MIS e-learning platform has been performed to determine whether it complies with the three web quality dimensions: usability, content and functionality. METHODS: 21 Surgeons participated in the validation trials. They performed a set of tasks in the TELMA platform, where an e-MIS validity approach was followed...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026989/the-pattern-peculiarities-and-management-challenges-of-spina-bifida-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-southwest-nigeria
#14
Edward O Komolafe, Chiazor Udochukwu Onyia, Ibironke O Ogunbameru, Oluwamuyiwa A Dada, Oluwafemi F Owagbemi, Fred S Ige-Orhionkpaibima, Oluseun A Olarewaju, Efosa O Obamwonyi, Muhammad I Abdullahi
PURPOSE: Spina bifida is a common congenital anomaly of the nervous system. It is frequently associated with significant morbidity and sometimes mortality in affected children. In this paper, we review the clinico-epidemiological pattern, peculiarities, and therapeutic challenges of this condition in our practice setting. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all cases of spina bifida managed from July 2000 to March 2016 at a tertiary health facility located in the southwest region of Nigeria...
October 12, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026963/an-evaluation-of-the-role-of-simulation-training-for-teaching-surgical-skills-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Nicholas J Campain, Mithun Kailavasan, Mumba Chalwe, Aberra A Gobeze, Getaneh Teferi, Robert Lane, Chandra Shekhar Biyani
BACKGROUND: An estimated 5 billion people worldwide lack access to any surgical care, whilst surgical conditions account for 11-30% of the global burden of disease. Maximizing the effectiveness of surgical training is imperative to improve access to safe and essential surgical care on a global scale. Innovative methods of surgical training have been used in sub-Saharan Africa to attempt to improve the efficiency of training healthcare workers in surgery. Simulation training may have an important role in up-scaling and improving the efficiency of surgical training and has been widely used in SSA...
October 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026234/compliance-with-the-guide-for-commissioning-oral-surgery-an-audit-and-discussion
#16
O Modgill, A Shah
Introduction The Guide for commissioning oral surgery and oral medicine published by NHS England (2015) prescribes the level of complexity of oral surgery and oral medicine investigations and procedures to be carried out within NHS services. These are categorised as Level 1, Level 2, Level 3A and Level 3B. An audit was designed to ascertain the level of oral surgery procedures performed by clinicians of varying experience and qualification working in a large oral surgery department within a major teaching hospital...
October 13, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025099/dutch-surgeons-views-on-the-volume-outcome-mechanism-in-surgery-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
R Mesman, M J Faber, G P Westert, H J J M Berden
Objective: To contribute to a better understanding of volume-outcome relationships in surgery by exploring Dutch surgeons' views on the underlying mechanism. Design: A qualitative study based on face-to-face semi structured interviews and an inductive content analysis approach. Setting: Interviews were conducted in eight hospitals in the Netherlands (2 university, 4 teaching and 2 general). Participants: Twenty surgeons (gastrointestinal, vascular and trauma)...
August 9, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021716/continuous-curvilinear-capsulorhexis-training-and-non-rhexis-related-vitreous-loss-the-specificity-of-virtual-reality-simulator-surgical-training-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#18
Colin A McCannel
PURPOSE: To assess the specificity of simulation-based virtual reality ophthalmic cataract surgery training on the Eyesi ophthalmic virtual reality surgical simulator, and test the hypothesis that microsurgical motor learning is highly specific. METHODS: Retrospective educational interventional case series. The rates of vitreous loss and retained lens material, and vitreous loss and retained lens material associated with an errant continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) were assessed among 1037 consecutive cataract surgeries performed during four consecutive academic years at a teaching hospital...
August 2017: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017863/surgical-volunteerism-as-a-collaborative-teaching-activity-can-benefit-surgical-residents-in-low-middle-income-countries
#19
EDITORIAL
Ryan A Hayton, Dustin K Donley, Arega Fekadu, Bradley K Woods, Cassandra K Graybill, Tamara N Fitzgerald
Surgical care is desperately needed in low-middle income countries (LMIC). Due to small numbers of faculty in local training programs, residents have limited exposure to subspecialists. We describe a teaching activity between visiting surgeons from the U.S. and a residency program in Malawi as an example for how surgeons in high income countries can meaningfully contribute. A short-term education activity was developed where residents participated in a pre-test on pediatric surgical management, lectures, intra-operative instruction, bedside rounds and a post-test...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017732/a-nationwide-evaluation-of-robotic-ventral-hernia-surgery
#20
Kathleen M Coakley, Stephanie M Sims, Tanushree Prasad, Amy E Lincourt, Vedra A Augenstein, Ronald F Sing, B Todd Heniford, Paul D Colavita
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine outcomes of robotic ventral hernia repair(RVHR) versus laparoscopic ventral hernia repair(LVHR). METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried from October 2008 to December 2013 for ventral hernia repairs. Demographics, morbidity, mortality, and charges were compared between RVHR and LVHR. RESULTS: From 2008-2013, 149,622 ventral hernia surgeries were identified; 117,028 open, 32,243 laparoscopic, and 351 robotic...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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