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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921449/reduction-mammaplasty-with-the-modified-round-block-technique-in-chinese-patients-and-its-anatomy-study
#1
Wei Ding, Yinjia Ding, Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Although reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common procedures in plastic surgery, it is associated with some serious complications, especially in cases of severe hypertrophy or advanced ptosis, including necrosis of the nipple and areola, absence of normal sensation of the nipple-areolar complex, and loss of lactational function for future nursing. A thorough understanding of the breast anatomy is vital for successful reduction mammaplasty. This article describes the blood supply and innervation of the breasts, and introduces a modified round block technique for reduction mammaplasty based on this anatomy...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889373/-infant-respiratory-distress-revealing-jeune-syndrome
#2
J Page, E Bodart, J-L Hennecker
Jeune syndrome (asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy) is a rare autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasia with a variable degree of severity, clinically characterized by respiratory distress with a narrow chest and limb shortness. The reported incidence is one to five in 500,000 live births. Most patients develop severe respiratory failure during the first 2 years of life, leading to death in 60-80 % of cases. Survivors may suffer from renal, hepatic, or pancreatic complications. Expanding thoracic surgery can be used for severe cases...
November 23, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888350/totally-implantable-vascular-access-device-tivad-placement-a-modified-technique-that-takes-post-procedure-aesthetic-aspects-into-account
#3
Gabriel Liberale
Major progress has been made in breast cancer reconstruction surgery. The standard technique for totally implanted vascular access device (TIVAD) implantation generally requires an incision for port insertion on the anterior part of the thorax that leaves a scar in the middle of the neckline in patients who have undergone mastectomy with complex breast reconstruction. The aim of this technical note is to report our revised surgical technique for TIVAD placement. In patients with breast cancer, we take a lateralized approach, performing an oblique incision on the lowest part of the deltopectoral groove...
November 25, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869490/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-causing-cardiac-arrest-in-a-30-year-old-woman
#4
H J Manson, Y M Goh, P Goldsmith, P Scott, P Turner
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually presents in infancy with respiratory failure requiring urgent surgical correction. Mortality in this group of patients remains poor and persistent pulmonary hypertension is a significant contributor. It is therefore rare for patients to reach adulthood undiagnosed. CDH is often identified incidentally in adults but when symptoms arise, they relate to the organ involved, and include gastrointestinal symptoms of dyspepsia and obstruction, as well as respiratory complaints such as dyspnoea...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867576/resection-with-preserved-histologic-morphology-of-a-rare-tumour-via-bronchoscopic-cryosurgery
#5
Jessica Han Ying Tan, Angela Maria Takano, Anne Ann Ling Hsu
Tracheobronchial leiomyoma is a rare pulmonary neoplasm accounting for <2% of benign tumours of the lower airway. Published case series reported bronchoscopic resectability with laser ablation for lesions located in the large airway. Surgery was performed for tumours with wide-based and tumours located in segmental bronchus or lung parenchyma. This is the first reported case of complete bronchoscopic cryoresection of leiomyoma arising from the subsegmental bronchi and illustrating the cryopreservation of its histologic morphology...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852363/-hemothorax-caused-by-primary-pleural-chondrosarcoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literatureyuan
#6
Y Q Yuan, L Y Zhu, H H Zeng, R Zhou, P Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinical features of one case of spontaneous hemothorax caused by primary pleural chondrosarcoma and therefore to improve the understanding of this disease. Methods: The clinical features of a case with primary pleural chondrosarcoma were analyzed retrospectively and the related literatures were reviewed.The literature review was carried out with "primary pleural, chondrosarcoma" in Chinese and English respectively, as the search terms in Wanfang Data, CNKI and PubMed database from January 1980 to October 2015...
November 12, 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830889/sectioned-images-and-surface-models-of-a-cadaver-for-understanding-the-free-vascularized-anterior-rib-flap
#7
Dong Sun Shin, Hyung Jun Kim, Bong Chul Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to describe the vascularized anterior rib flap on sectioned images and surface models using Visible Korean for medical education and clinical training in the field of mandibular reconstructive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serially sectioned images of the thorax were obtained from a cadaver. Significant structures in the sectioned images were outlined and stacked to create a surface model. RESULTS: The PDF file (8...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823841/minimally-invasive-repair-of-pectus-excavatum-in-children-results-of-a-modified-nuss-procedure
#8
A Durry, C Gomes Ferreira, T Tricard, P Gicquel, F Becmeur
INTRODUCTION: Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common deformity of the anterior thoracic wall. The Nuss technique allows the thorax to be reshaped with the aid of a retrosternal metallic bar. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the complication rate between the original Nuss technique and a lightly modified approach. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We performed a retrospective single-center observational study based on the medical files of patients operated for PE in the Pediatric Surgery Unit between July 2004 and July 2015...
November 4, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806818/delayed-presentation-of-forgotten-thyroid-goiter-25-years-after-thyroidectomy
#9
Fazal Wahab Khan, Ayesha Muhammad, Mohsin Abbas, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Benish Fatima, Saulat H Fatimi
Forgotten goiter is a rare occurrence (2 - 16% of retrosternal thyroid cases) that depicts recurrence of retrosternal thyroid mass due to growth of remnant thyroid tissue overlooked during an initial thyroidectomy. The patient is a 59-year female who presented with dyspnea and stridor 25 years after total thyroidectomy. She was diagnosed as having a mediastinal mass on radiographic imaging. There were only localized pressure symptoms due to mass effect. The mass was excised employing an extra-cervical approach and using a partial sternotomy...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793168/physical-function-and-pain-after-surgical-or-conservative-management-of-multiple-rib-fractures-a-follow-up-study
#10
Monika Fagevik Olsén, Margareta Slobo, Lena Klarin, Eva-Corina Caragounis, David Pazooki, Hans Granhed
BACKGROUND: There is scarce knowledge of physical function and pain due to multiple rib fractures following trauma. The purpose of this follow-up was to assess respiratory and physical function, pain, range of movement and kinesiophobia in patients with multiple rib fractures who had undergone stabilizing surgery and compare with conservatively managed patients. METHODS: A consecutive series of 31 patients with multiple rib fractures who had undergone stabilizing surgery were assessed >1 year after the trauma concerning respiratory and physical function, pain, range of movement in the shoulders and thorax, shoulder function and kinesiophobia...
October 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789847/acidosis-induced-by-carbon-dioxide-insufflation-decreases-heparin-potency-a-risk-factor-for-thrombus-formation
#11
Karin A M Gorter, Marco C Stehouwer, Bart P Van Putte, Eline A Vlot, Rolf T Urbanus
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of CO2 insufflation during open heart surgery in our hospital, we incidentally observed thrombus formation in the dissected heart, in the pericardium and in the cardiotomy reservoir of the cardiopulmonary bypass system. Furthermore, we measured very high levels of pCO2, causing severe acidosis, in stagnant blood in the pericardium and cardiotomy reservoir. OBJECTIVES: In this in vitro study, we assessed the influence of acidosis and hypothermia on heparin potency and thrombin formation...
October 26, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764750/changes-of-posture-and-muscle-activities-in-the-trunk-and-legs-during-walking-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-after-decompression-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#12
Tsuyoshi Goto, Toshinori Sakai, Tetsuya Enishi, Nori Sato, Koji Komatsu, Koichi Sairyo, Shinsuke Katoh
Neurogenic intermittent claudication is a main symptom in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), and postural change is often observed during walking. This study aimed to identify the changes in posture and muscle activity in the trunk and legs during walking in patients with LSS by examining 6 patients who had undergone decompression surgery. None of them had significant paralysis. Gait analysis using Vicon motion capture system(®) with electromyographic recordings of the paravertebral muscles (PVM) and vastus lateralis muscle (VL) was performed preoperatively and 2 weeks postoperatively...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761448/non-intubated-simultaneous-en-bloc-resection-of-pulmonary-nodule-and-rib-chondrosarcoma
#13
Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Wenbin Wu, Dong Liu, Min Li, Zhengqun Hu, Hui Zhang
Adequate surgical resection was required for patients with rib chondrosarcoma. A 61-year-old woman was presented with a palpable chest wall mass. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed an isolated pulmonary nodule about 0.9 cm, and a giant rib tumor about 12 cm × 9 cm which penetrated through the 7(th) rib into thorax. CT reconstruction and simulated surgery was utilized for disease-free surgical margin (R0 resection), then a simultaneous en bloc resection of pulmonary nodule and rib tumor was performed along with chest wall reconstruction under local anesthesia and intravenous sedation without endotracheal intubation...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689518/a-retained-foreign-body-granuloma-mimicking-a-left-ventricular-psuedoanuerysm
#14
Davide Patrini, Mohamed Amirali Gulamhussein, Pasquale Pellegrino, Marianna Redaelli, Jonathan Pararajasingham, David Lawrence, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Gossypiboma, also referred to as a textiloma, gauzoma or muslinoma describe a mass in the body composed of a central cotton core surrounded by a foreign body reaction. It has an estimated incidence of 1/1000-1/10000 surgeries, occurring in the abdomen (56%), pelvis (18%) and least commonly the thorax (11%) and represents an unfortunate event for both the patient and the operating surgeon with severe liability implications. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 49-year-old male with Marfan Syndrome who was admitted to the cardiology department with a four day history of shortness of breath and associated dull, non-radiating chest pain...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683774/evaluation-of-the-thoracoabdominal-mobility-of-obese-subjects-in-pre-bariatric-surgery
#15
Ana Paula Limongi Richardelli Veloso, Karla Garcez Cusmanich
Background: Obesity can affect the thorax, diaphragm, and alterations in respiratory function even if the lungs are within normality. The respiratory compliance is very reduced by the increase in fat mass. Aim: To evaluate the effect of the physical therapeutic respiratory exercises on the thoracoabdominal mobility of obese individuals in pre-bariatric surgery. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study, which used the cirtometry (axillary, xiphoid and abdominal) to evaluate the mobility of 74 individuals, 27 men and 47 women, in pre-bariatric surgery, assisted by the team EMAD, after eight weeks of physiotherapy, following a protocol of exercises, reevaluating and compared the measures pre and post intervention...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672071/hemoptysis-in-a-patient-with-multifocal-primary-pulmonary-angiosarcoma
#16
Aleksandra Piechuta, Tadeusz Przybyłowski, Małgorzata Szołkowska, Rafał Krenke
Primary pulmonary angiosarcoma (PPA) is a rare tumour arising from arterial or venous pulmonary vessels of various size. It is characterized by aggressive course and poor prognosis. The early diagnosis is difficult due to diverse clinical and radiological manifestations. We present a case report of 70 year-old man, active cigarette-smoker, with a 2-month history of non-massive hemoptysis. The thorax CT revealed several solid pulmonary nodules surrounded by areas of ground glass opacity. As bronchoscopy failed to deliver adequate tissue samples, video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with pleura and lung biopsy was necessary...
2016: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666805/endovascular-treatment-of-late-aortic-erosive-lesion-by-pedicle-screw-without-screw-removal-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Antonio Eduardo Zerati, Dafne Braga Diamante Leiderman, William Gemio Jacobsen Teixeira, Douglas Kenji Narazaki, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante, Nelson Wolosker, Nelson de Luccia, Tarcísio Eloy Pessoa de Barros Filho
OBJECTIVE: To describe the endovascular treatment of late aortic erosive lesion by pedicle screw without screw removal. DESIGN: Case report. METHODS AND RESULTS: A breast cancer patient had a pathological fracture on T10, with spinal cord compression, and a pseudoaneurysm of the aorta in contact with an anterolateral pedicle screw. Endovascular surgery corrected the aortic lesion and allowed decompression, a week later, by posterior arthrodesis (T7-L1), with screw maintainance...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652187/traumatic-diaphragmatic-injuries-epidemiological-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects
#18
Ousmane Thiam, Ibrahima Konate, Mohamadou Lamine Gueye, Alpha Omar Toure, Mamadou Seck, Mamadou Cisse, Balla Diop, Elias Said Dirie, Ousmane Ka, Mbaye Thiam, Madieng Dieng, Abdarahmane Dia, Cheikh Tidiane Toure
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic injuries include wounds and diaphragm ruptures, due to a thoracoabdominal blunt or penetrating traumas. Their incidence ranges between 0.8 and 15 %. The diagnosis is often delayed, despite several medical imaging techniques. The surgical management remains controversal, particularly for the choice of the surgical approach and technique. The mortality is mainly related to associated injuries. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of diaphragmatic injuries occuring in thoraco-abdominal traumas, and to discuss their epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651935/asian-perspectives-in-thoracic-surgery-clinical-innovation-in-taiwan
#19
REVIEW
Chao-Yu Liu, Chen-Sung Lin, Chia-Chuan Liu
The development of minimally-invasive surgery of the thorax began in the 1990s, but not until the recent decade did we see dramatic improvements in patient care and refinement of technique. The current generation has witnessed the evolution from traditional thoracotomy, to a single-port, non-intubated thoracoscopic approach. The investigation of subxiphoid single-port, transumbilical approach, and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) in animal model are also undergoing. In Taiwan, several talented young surgeons have vigorously devoted their ideas and innovations to this field, making the Taiwan surgical society vivid and prosperous...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639653/assessment-of-kinematics-and-electromyography-following-arthroscopic-single-tendon-rotator-cuff-repair
#20
Jessica M Fritz, Ryan R Inawat, Brooke A Slavens, John R McGuire, Dean W Ziegler, Sergey S Tarima, Steven I Grindel, Gerald F Harris
BACKGROUND: The increasing demand for rotator cuff (RC) repair patients to return to work as soon as they are physically able has led to exploration of when this is feasible. Current guidelines from our orthopedic surgery clinic recommend a return to work at 9 weeks postoperation. To more fully define capacity to return to work, the current study was conducted using a unique series of quantitative tools. To date, no study has combined 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis with electromyography (EMG) assessment during activities of daily living (ADLs), including desk tasks, and commonly prescribed rehabilitation exercise...
September 14, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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