Read by QxMD icon Read

Multisystem organ failure

Bilge Öztoprak, İbrahim Öztoprak, Aynur Engin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the central nervous system involvement in Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in conjunction with clinical and laboratory findings. METHODS: Between July 2015 and August 2016, 36 patients with CCHF were undergone brain MRI including SWI. Two MRIs, one at the time of admission and the second in the convalescent period, were performed for each patient in order to see if there is any sign of central nervous system (CNS) involvement, especially in terms of intracranial haemorrhage or viral encephalitis...
March 12, 2018: European Radiology
Cheryl L Maier, Phillip J Gross, Christina L Dean, Satheesh Chonat, Andrew Ip, Morgan McLemore, Fuad El Rassi, Sean R Stowell, Cassandra D Josephson, Ross M Fasano
BACKGROUND: Fever accompanying vaso-occlusive crisis is a common presentation in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and carries a broad differential diagnosis. Here, we report a case of transfusion-transmitted malaria in a patient with SCD presenting with acute vaso-occlusive crisis and rapidly decompensating to multisystem organ failure (MSOF). CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old African American male with SCD was admitted after multiple days of fever and severe generalized body pain...
March 9, 2018: Transfusion
Jeffrey Berinstein, Alisa Likhitsup, Sai Charan Vedula, Hari Conjeevaram
Cryptococcal peritonitis is an under-recognized disease that is an important cause of mortality in end-stage liver disease. We report a 43-year old male with decompensated cirrhosis secondary to refractory autoimmune hepatitis on immunosuppression with hepatocellular carcinoma who developed cryptococcal peritonitis. The patient subsequently developed ischemic bowel and multisystem organ failure secondary to abdominal compartment syndrome, leading to rapid deterioration and death. Frequently, these patients experience delays in diagnosis and treatment, which leads to a rapid and high mortality...
December 21, 2017: Curēus
Priyanka Mukherjee, Amarjit Karam, Uttam Singh, Amit Kumar Chakraborty, Surmani Huidrom, Arnab Sen, Indu Sharma
Aim: A pilot study was carried out to find out the seroprevalence of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), and Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRS) in pig population of Meghalaya. Materials and Methods: Serum samples were collected from piglets of 40-45 days age group, growers, and sows reared under organized and unorganized management in 11 districts of Meghalaya situated in the Khasi, Jaintia, and Garo hills divisions in the time period of 2014-2016 from apparently healthy and suspected pigs...
January 2018: Veterinary World
Edward J Schenck, Kevin C Ma, Santosh B Murthy, Augustine M K Choi
OBJECTIVES: Sterile and infectious critical illnesses often result in vasoplegic shock and a robust systemic inflammatory response that are similar in presentation. The innate immune system is at the center of the response to both infectious and traumatic insults. Damage-associated molecular patterns are small molecules that are released from stressed or dying cells. Damage-associated molecular patterns activate pattern recognition receptors and coordinate the leading edge of the innate immune response...
February 13, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Jesús Villar, Domingo Martínez, Fernando Mosteiro, Alfonso Ambrós, José M Añón, Carlos Ferrando, Juan A Soler, Raquel Montiel, Anxela Vidal, Luís A Conesa-Cayuela, Jesús Blanco, Regina Arrojo, Rosario Solano, Lucía Capilla, Rafael Del Campo, Belén Civantos, María Mar Fernández, César Aldecoa, Laura Parra, Andrea Gutiérrez, Chanel Martínez-Jiménez, Jesús M González-Martín, Rosa L Fernández, Robert M Kacmarek
OBJECTIVES: Overall mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is a composite endpoint because it includes death from multiple causes. In most acute respiratory distress syndrome trials, it is unknown whether reported deaths are due to acute respiratory distress syndrome or the underlying disease, unrelated to the specific intervention tested. We investigated the causes of death after contracting acute respiratory distress syndrome in a large cohort. DESIGN: A secondary analysis from three prospective, multicenter, observational studies...
February 7, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
James Laird, Jennifer Ma, Karen Chau, Monica Chelius, Weiji Shi, Zhigang Zhang, Benjamin H Lok, Joachim Yahalom
PURPOSE: To characterize the efficacy and safety of radiation therapy in a contemporary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) cohort and to explore whether there are sites at higher risk for local recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1995 and 2015 we identified 39 consecutive LCH patients who were treated primarily with radiation therapy. Patients were staged by single/multisystem involvement and established risk organ criteria. In 46 irradiated lesions, clinical and radiologic responses were evaluated at multiple time points after radiation therapy...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
James H Mehaffey, Dustin Money, Eric J Charles, Sarah Schubert, Angela Fernandez Piñeros, Di Wu, Sai Vineela Bontha, Robert Hawkins, Nicholas R Teman, Victor E Laubach, Valeria R Mas, Curtis G Tribble, Daniel G Maluf, Ashish K Sharma, Zequan Yang, Irving L Kron, Mark E Roeser
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that systemic administration of an A2AR agonist will reduce multiorgan IRI in a porcine model of ECPR. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Advances in ECPR have decreased mortality after cardiac arrest; however, subsequent IRI contributes to late multisystem organ failure. Attenuation of IRI has been reported with the use of an A2AR agonist. METHODS: Adult swine underwent 20 minutes of circulatory arrest, induced by ventricular fibrillation, followed by 6 hours of reperfusion with ECPR...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Constantin Lapa, Malte Kircher, Heribert Hänscheid, Andreas Schirbel, Götz Ulrich Grigoleit, Erdwine Klinker, Markus Böck, Samuel Samnick, Theo Pelzer, Andreas K Buck
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology that can involve virtually all organ systems. Whereas most patients present without symptoms, progressive and disabling organ failure can occur in up to 10% of subjects. Somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-directed peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has recently received market authorization for treatment of SSTR-positive neuroendocrine tumors. Methods: We describe the first case series comprising two patients with refractory multi-organ involvement of sarcoidosis who received 4 cycles of PRRT...
2018: Theranostics
Eric J Vick, Kruti Patel, Philippe Prouet, Mike G Martin
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of cytokine-driven immune activation. Cardinal features include fever, hemophagocytosis, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphocytic infiltration, and hypercytokinemia that result in multisystem organ dysfunction and failure. Familial HLH is genetically driven, whereas secondary HLH (SHL) is caused by drugs, autoimmune disease, infection, or cancer. SHL is associated with worse outcomes, with a median overall survival typically of less than 1 year. This reflects difficulty in both diagnostic accuracy and in establishing reliable treatments, especially in cases of malignancy-induced SHL, which have significantly worse outcomes...
May 9, 2017: Blood Advances
Kristy Kummerow Broman, Michael J Ward, Benjamin K Poulose, Margaret L Schwarze
BACKGROUND: Tertiary care centers often operate above capacity, limiting access to emergency surgical care for patients at nontertiary facilities. For nontraumatic surgical emergencies there are no guidelines to inform patient selection for transfer to another facility. Such decisions may be particularly difficult for gravely ill patients when the benefits of transfer are uncertain. METHODS: To characterize surgeons' decision-making strategies for transfer, a qualitative analysis of semistructured interviews was conducted with 16 general surgeons who refer and accept patients within a regional transfer network...
January 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Ching-Fen Lee, Chi-Hua Chen, Yu-Chuan Wen, Tsung-Yen Chang, Ming-Wei Lai, Tang-Her Jaing
RATIONALE: We report a complicated case of cholestatic hepatitis with suspected autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and copper toxicity syndrome after HSCT and donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 19-year-1-month-old girl presented with a history of CML. She underwent matched unrelated donor HSCT and donor lymphocyte infusion subsequently. Three months later, yellowish discoloration of the skin was found, which was accompanied by progressive itchy skin, easy fatigability, insomnia, and dark urine output...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Javier J Lasa, Daniel A Castellanos, Susan W Denfield, William J Dreyer, Sebastian C Tume, Henri Justino, Athar M Qureshi
There is a growing interest in the use of percutaneously delivered ventricular assist devices (PVAD) in the pediatric patient population. A 16 year old female and 18 year old male both status post heart transplantation presented with evidence of graft rejection and acute severe global systolic and diastolic heart failure necessitating hemodynamic catheterization and inotropic support. Both underwent percutaneous Impella CP LVAD (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) placement with close monitoring of right ventricular function...
December 11, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Raymond Lam, Sara L Swenson, Thomas J Nuckton, Merrill Nisam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Kai-Qian Kam, Shui Yen Soh, Rajat Bhattacharyya
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) can progress rapidly, often leading to multisystem organ failure and death. Prompt recognition of the syndrome and institution of appropriate treatment are crucial steps in improving the outcome. Dengue virus infection is not commonly known to be associated with secondary HLH. We present a case of a child with dengue fever who subsequently developed classical features of HLH. He was treated successfully with 4 weeks of steroid monotherapy instead of the multidrug therapy proposed in the HLH 2004 protocol...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Adam M Szewc, Steve Taylor, Gary D Cage, Daphne de Mello
Legionellaceae are composed of a single genus, Legionella, which is currently comprised of over 52 species. L. pneumophila, L. micdadei, L. longbeachae, and L. dumoffi are clinically considered the most important, with L. pneumophila causing >90%1,7 of cases of legionnaires disease (LD). Since LD's recognition in 1976 following an outbreak of pneumonia involving delegates of an American Legion convention in Philadelphia, there has been increased awareness and importance of the isolation, detection, and reporting of these cases...
December 22, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
Amita Ray, Sujoy Ray
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific multi-organ disorder, which is characterised by hypertension and multisystem organ involvement and which has significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Failure of the placental vascular remodelling and reduced uteroplacental flow form the etiopathological basis of pre-eclampsia. There are several established therapies for pre-eclampsia including antihypertensives and anticonvulsants. Most of these therapies aim at controlling the blood pressure or preventing complications of elevated blood pressure, or both...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shanti Balasubramaniam, Lisa G Riley, Anand Vasudevan, Mark J Cowley, Velimir Gayevskiy, Carolyn M Sue, Caitlin Edwards, Edward Edkins, Reimar Junckerstorff, C Kiraly-Borri, P Rowe, J Christodoulou
Vici syndrome is a rare, under-recognised, relentlessly progressive congenital multisystem disorder characterised by five principal features of callosal agenesis, cataracts, cardiomyopathy, combined immunodeficiency and oculocutaneous hypopigmentation. In addition, three equally consistent features (profound developmental delay, progressive failure to thrive and acquired microcephaly) are highly supportive of the diagnosis. Since its recognition as a distinct entity in 1988, an extended phenotype with sensorineural hearing loss, skeletal myopathy and variable involvement of virtually any organ system, including the lungs, thyroid, liver and kidneys, have been described...
November 21, 2017: JIMD Reports
Ilitch Diaz-Gutierrez, Madhuri Vasudev Rao, Rafael Santiago Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We describe an alternative surgical technique for the treatment of chylothorax in patients who have had failure of or are not candidates for transthoracic ligation or embolization by interventional radiology. METHODS: We describe our experience with laparoscopic ligation of the cisterna chyli in 3 such patients and compare our results with published literature. We used a 5-port approach as for foregut surgery. We retracted the liver, transected the gastrohepatic ligament, and retracted the stomach to the left...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Soo Ran Noh, Eun Lee, Jisun Yoon, Sungsu Jung, Song I Yang, Jinho Yu, Soo Jong Hong
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive inherited multisystem disorder caused by mutations of the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein. Respiratory failure remains the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality. Lung transplantation is the only option to treat end-stage lung disease. Very few cases of CF occur in Koreans. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with respiratory failure due to CF who underwent lung transplantation. She had been diagnosed with CF 8 years previously after being treated for recurrent Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia and malnutrition based on sweat chloride concentrations and the CFTR protein gene mutation test...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"