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Multisystem organ failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780651/fatal-outcome-of-imatinib-in-a-patient-with-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome
#1
Ashraf Abugroun, Ahmed Chaudhary, Gabriel Rodriguez
Cytokine storm is a poorly explained clinical entity caused by an undesired and aggrandized immune system response leading to unregulated activation of the proinflammatory cascade, often contributing to multisystem organ failure and even death. Its potentially diverse etiologies and sepsis-like presentation have made it even more challenging to diagnose, and so far, no well-established treatment protocol has been proposed. Its association with certain medications, especially with monoclonal antibodies, has well been reported in literature...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757759/mechanical-circulatory-support-of-the-right-ventricle-for-adult-and-pediatric-patients-with-heart-failure
#2
Steven G Chopski, Nohra M Murad, Carson S Fox, Randy M Stevens, Amy L Throckmorton
The clinical implementation of mechanical circulatory assistance for a significantly dysfunctional or failing left ventricle as a bridge-to-transplant or bridge-to-recovery is on the rise. Thousands of patients with left-sided heart failure are readily benefitting from these life-saving technologies, and left ventricular failure often leads to severe right ventricular dysfunction or failure. Right ventricular failure (RVF) has a high rate of mortality caused by the risk of multisystem organ failure and prolonged hospitalization for patients after treatment...
May 10, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723777/circulating-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-mif-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#3
Peter Luedike, Georgios Alatzides, Maria Papathanasiou, Martin Heisler, Julia Pohl, Nils Lehmann, Tienush Rassaf
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is characterized by impaired systolic ejection capacity and/or diastolic filling of the heart, leading to a multisystem disorder. Remote organ failure, systemic inflammation or pulmonary hypertension (PH) are hallmarks of the pathophysiological changes in HF. The Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that is involved in a variety of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Circulating MIF levels and their potential role as a disease marker in the different subgroups of HF have not been investigated yet...
April 30, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616049/regulation-of-the-development-and-function-of-b-cells-by-zbtb-transcription-factors
#4
REVIEW
Can Zhu, Ge Chen, Ying Zhao, Xiao-Ming Gao, Jun Wang
The large ZBTB family comprises a diverse group of transcriptional factors. Several ZBTB proteins have emerged as critical factors that regulate the lineage commitment, differentiation, and function of lymphoid cells as well as many other developmental events. For instance, dysfunctions of ZBTB20 or ZBTB24 have been linked to multisystem failures in humans. Within the B-cell lineage, BCL6, ZBTB7A, ZBTB17, and ZBTB1 regulate the development/differentiation of B cells in both bone marrow and peripheral lymphoid organs, while ZBTB20 and ZBTB32 seem to mainly impact the maintenance of terminal plasma cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605064/acute-liver-failure-mechanisms-of-disease-and-multisystemic-involvement
#5
REVIEW
Steven Krawitz, Vivek Lingiah, Nikolaos T Pyrsopoulos
Acute liver failure is accompanied by a pathologic syndrome common to numerous different etiologies of liver injury. This acute liver failure syndrome leads to potentially widespread devastating end-organ consequences. Systemic dysregulation and dysfunction is likely propagated via inflammation as well as underlying hepatic failure itself. Decoding the mechanisms of the disease process and multisystemic involvement of acute liver failure offers potential for targeted treatment opportunities and improved clinical outcomes in this sick population...
May 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601557/-the-diagnostic-algorithm-of-practice-in-pulmonary-and-extrapulmonary-sarcoidosis
#6
REVIEW
Anna Dubaniewicz
Sarcoidosis (SA) is a granulomatous multisystem disease of unknown ethiology. Pulmonary, lymphadenopathy, liver, spleen, skin, and bone sarcoidosis are more frequent but also SA of the heart, central nervous system, eye, and hypercalcemia with following kidney failure also occur. Sarcoidosis may co-exist with extrapulmonary forms, which may overtake or precede each other. SA may occur as acute or chronic with the possibility of complete remission in the early stages of disease. Due to frequent occurrence of asymptomatic SA in threatening vital organs a diagnostic algorithm of practice in pulmonary and extrapulmonary sarcoidosis has been proposed by the author of the article...
March 27, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573962/natural-history-and-management-of-splanchnic-artery-aneurysms-in-a-single-tertiary-referral-center
#7
Young Erben, Adam J Brownstein, Sareh Rajaee, Yupeng Li, John A Rizzo, Hamid Mojibian, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
OBJECTIVE: Splanchnic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are rare, and little is known about their natural history and management. We reviewed our single-center experience in managing this population of patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Yale radiologic database from January 1999 to December 2016 was performed. Only patients with an SAA and a computed tomography scan of the abdomen were selected for review. Demographics of the patients, aneurysm characteristics, management, postoperative complications, and follow-up data were collected...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569810/a-case-report-of-fatal-disseminated-mycobacterium-colombiense-infection-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#8
Jasmine Gosal, B Craig Lee
We report the first case of disseminated Mycobacterium colombiense infection in a solid organ transplant recipient. Co-infection with Cryptococcus neoformans led to fatal multisystem organ failure. We review the pathogen and host factors contributing to these opportunistic infections. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 23, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557269/acute-diffuse-alveolar-haemorrhage-accompanied-by-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-patient-with-serious-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-report
#9
Jing Du, Ying Wang, Yan-Chun Li, Tong-Tong Wang, Yong-Lie Zhou, Zhen-Hua Ying
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that affects many organs, but multisystem dysfunction is rare. Here, we report a case of a 29-year-old woman who was initially diagnosed with SLE complications including lupus nephritis, lupus encephalopathy, renal hypertension, thrombocytopenia, anaemia and hyperkalaemia. She recovered following treatment with high dose methylprednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). However, a few days after hospital discharge, she developed gastrointestinal bleeding...
May 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532238/is-the-brain-spared-in-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-an-mr-swi-study-to-reveal-cns-involvement
#10
Bilge Öztoprak, İbrahim Öztoprak, Aynur Engin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the central nervous system involvement in Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in conjunction with clinical and laboratory findings. METHODS: Between July 2015 and August 2016, 36 patients with CCHF were undergone brain MRI including SWI. Two MRIs, one at the time of admission and the second in the convalescent period, were performed for each patient in order to see if there is any sign of central nervous system (CNS) involvement, especially in terms of intracranial haemorrhage or viral encephalitis...
March 12, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524230/transfusion-transmitted-malaria-masquerading-as-sickle-cell-crisis-with-multisystem-organ-failure
#11
Cheryl L Maier, Phillip J Gross, Christina L Dean, Satheesh Chonat, Andrew Ip, Morgan McLemore, Fuad El Rassi, Sean R Stowell, Cassandra D Josephson, Ross M Fasano
BACKGROUND: Fever accompanying vaso-occlusive crisis is a common presentation in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and carries a broad differential diagnosis. Here, we report a case of transfusion-transmitted malaria in a patient with SCD presenting with acute vaso-occlusive crisis and rapidly decompensating to multisystem organ failure (MSOF). CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old African American male with SCD was admitted after multiple days of fever and severe generalized body pain...
March 9, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492365/cryptic-but-deadly-a-serious-killer-in-patients-with-advanced-liver-disease-that-should-not-be-missed
#12
Jeffrey Berinstein, Alisa Likhitsup, Sai Charan Vedula, Hari Conjeevaram
Cryptococcal peritonitis is an under-recognized disease that is an important cause of mortality in end-stage liver disease. We report a 43-year old male with decompensated cirrhosis secondary to refractory autoimmune hepatitis on immunosuppression with hepatocellular carcinoma who developed cryptococcal peritonitis. The patient subsequently developed ischemic bowel and multisystem organ failure secondary to abdominal compartment syndrome, leading to rapid deterioration and death. Frequently, these patients experience delays in diagnosis and treatment, which leads to a rapid and high mortality...
December 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479156/seroprevalence-of-selected-viral-pathogens-in-pigs-reared-in-organized-farms-of-meghalaya-from-2014-to-16
#13
Priyanka Mukherjee, Amarjit Karam, Uttam Singh, Amit Kumar Chakraborty, Surmani Huidrom, Arnab Sen, Indu Sharma
Aim: A pilot study was carried out to find out the seroprevalence of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), and Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRS) in pig population of Meghalaya. Materials and Methods: Serum samples were collected from piglets of 40-45 days age group, growers, and sows reared under organized and unorganized management in 11 districts of Meghalaya situated in the Khasi, Jaintia, and Garo hills divisions in the time period of 2014-2016 from apparently healthy and suspected pigs...
January 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443814/danger-signals-in-the-icu
#14
Edward J Schenck, Kevin C Ma, Santosh B Murthy, Augustine M K Choi
OBJECTIVES: Sterile and infectious critical illnesses often result in vasoplegic shock and a robust systemic inflammatory response that are similar in presentation. The innate immune system is at the center of the response to both infectious and traumatic insults. Damage-associated molecular patterns are small molecules that are released from stressed or dying cells. Damage-associated molecular patterns activate pattern recognition receptors and coordinate the leading edge of the innate immune response...
May 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420341/is-overall-mortality-the-right-composite-endpoint-in-clinical-trials-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
Jesús Villar, Domingo Martínez, Fernando Mosteiro, Alfonso Ambrós, José M Añón, Carlos Ferrando, Juan A Soler, Raquel Montiel, Anxela Vidal, Luís A Conesa-Cayuela, Jesús Blanco, Regina Arrojo, Rosario Solano, Lucía Capilla, Rafael Del Campo, Belén Civantos, María Mar Fernández, César Aldecoa, Laura Parra, Andrea Gutiérrez, Chanel Martínez-Jiménez, Jesús M González-Martín, Rosa L Fernández, Robert M Kacmarek
OBJECTIVES: Overall mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is a composite endpoint because it includes death from multiple causes. In most acute respiratory distress syndrome trials, it is unknown whether reported deaths are due to acute respiratory distress syndrome or the underlying disease, unrelated to the specific intervention tested. We investigated the causes of death after contracting acute respiratory distress syndrome in a large cohort. DESIGN: A secondary analysis from three prospective, multicenter, observational studies...
June 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413280/outcome-after-radiation-therapy-for-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-is-dependent-on-site-of-involvement
#16
James Laird, Jennifer Ma, Karen Chau, Monica Chelius, Weiji Shi, Zhigang Zhang, Benjamin H Lok, Joachim Yahalom
PURPOSE: To characterize the efficacy and safety of radiation therapy in a contemporary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) cohort and to explore whether there are sites at higher risk for local recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1995 and 2015 we identified 39 consecutive LCH patients who were treated primarily with radiation therapy. Patients were staged by single/multisystem involvement and established risk organ criteria. In 46 irradiated lesions, clinical and radiologic responses were evaluated at multiple time points after radiation therapy...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373368/adenosine-2a-receptor-activation-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-during-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#17
James H Mehaffey, Dustin Money, Eric J Charles, Sarah Schubert, Angela Fernandez Piñeros, Di Wu, Sai Vineela Bontha, Robert Hawkins, Nicholas R Teman, Victor E Laubach, Valeria R Mas, Curtis G Tribble, Daniel G Maluf, Ashish K Sharma, Zequan Yang, Irving L Kron, Mark E Roeser
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that systemic administration of an A2AR agonist will reduce multiorgan IRI in a porcine model of ECPR. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Advances in ECPR have decreased mortality after cardiac arrest; however, subsequent IRI contributes to late multisystem organ failure. Attenuation of IRI has been reported with the use of an A2AR agonist. METHODS: Adult swine underwent 20 minutes of circulatory arrest, induced by ventricular fibrillation, followed by 6 hours of reperfusion with ECPR...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344295/peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-as-a-new-tool-in-treatment-refractory-sarcoidosis-initial-experience-in-two-patients
#18
Constantin Lapa, Malte Kircher, Heribert Hänscheid, Andreas Schirbel, Götz Ulrich Grigoleit, Erdwine Klinker, Markus Böck, Samuel Samnick, Theo Pelzer, Andreas K Buck
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology that can involve virtually all organ systems. Whereas most patients present without symptoms, progressive and disabling organ failure can occur in up to 10% of subjects. Somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-directed peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has recently received market authorization for treatment of SSTR-positive neuroendocrine tumors. Methods: We describe the first case series comprising two patients with refractory multi-organ involvement of sarcoidosis who received 4 cycles of PRRT...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296722/proliferation-through-activation-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-hematologic-malignancy
#19
REVIEW
Eric J Vick, Kruti Patel, Philippe Prouet, Mike G Martin
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of cytokine-driven immune activation. Cardinal features include fever, hemophagocytosis, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphocytic infiltration, and hypercytokinemia that result in multisystem organ dysfunction and failure. Familial HLH is genetically driven, whereas secondary HLH (SHL) is caused by drugs, autoimmune disease, infection, or cancer. SHL is associated with worse outcomes, with a median overall survival typically of less than 1 year. This reflects difficulty in both diagnostic accuracy and in establishing reliable treatments, especially in cases of malignancy-induced SHL, which have significantly worse outcomes...
May 9, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290244/surgical-transfer-decision-making-how-regional-resources-are-allocated-in-a-regional-transfer-network
#20
Kristy Kummerow Broman, Michael J Ward, Benjamin K Poulose, Margaret L Schwarze
BACKGROUND: Tertiary care centers often operate above capacity, limiting access to emergency surgical care for patients at nontertiary facilities. For nontraumatic surgical emergencies there are no guidelines to inform patient selection for transfer to another facility. Such decisions may be particularly difficult for gravely ill patients when the benefits of transfer are uncertain. METHODS: To characterize surgeons' decision-making strategies for transfer, a qualitative analysis of semistructured interviews was conducted with 16 general surgeons who refer and accept patients within a regional transfer network...
January 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
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