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Fatty acid omega 3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453232/a-randomized-multicenter-phase-ii-study-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-in-patients-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer-premalignant-lesions-or-benign-breast-disease
#1
Ayca Gucalp, Xi K Zhou, Elise D Cook, Judy E Garber, Katherine D Crew, Julie R Nangia, Priya Bhardwaj, Dilip D Giri, Olivier Elemento, Akanksha Verma, Hanhan Wang, J Jack Lee, Lana A Vornik, Carrie Mays, Diane Weber, Valerie Sepeda, Holly O'Kane, Margaret Krasne, Samantha Williams, Patrick G Morris, Brandy M Heckman-Stoddard, Barbara K Dunn, Clifford A Hudis, Powel H Brown, Andrew J Dannenberg
Obesity, a cause of subclinical inflammation, is a risk factor for the development of postmenopausal breast cancer (BC) and is associated with poorer cancer outcomes. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid, possesses anti-inflammatory properties. We hypothesized that treatment with DHA would reduce the expression of proinflammatory genes and aromatase, the rate-limiting enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis, in benign breast tissue of overweight/obese women. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase II study of DHA given for 12 weeks to overweight/obese women with a history of stage I-III BC, DCIS/LCIS, Paget's disease, or proliferative benign breast disease was carried out...
February 16, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452758/supplementation-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-plasma-adiponectin-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Jorly Mejia-Montilla, Eduardo Reyna-Villasmil, Lorena Domínguez-Brito, Carmen Naranjo-Rodríguez, Delia Noriega-Verdugo, María Padilla-Samaniego, Vanessa Vargas-Olalla
OBJECTIVE: To study plasma adiponectin levels in women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome given omega-3 fatty acid supplements. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A study was conducted in 195 women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome treated with omega-3 fatty acids for 12weeks (n=97; groupA) and control women given placebo (n=98, groupB). General characteristics, metabolism, lipid profile, and hormone and adiponectin levels were compared. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in general characteristics...
February 13, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451828/the-effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-epa-and-or-dha-on-male-infertility-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Banafshe Hosseini, Mahdieh Nourmohamadi, Shima Hajipour, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Zatollah Asemi, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Sadegh Jafarnejad
The objective was to evaluate the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on sperm parameters including total sperm concentration, sperm motility, sperm DHA, and seminal plasma DHA concentration in infertile men. The literature search was conducted in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus from January 1, 1990 to December 20, 2017. The systematic review and meta-analysis were based on randomized controlled trials in infertile men with DHA or EPA treatments, either alone or in combination with other micronutrients...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449867/current-therapies-in-alleviating-liver-disorders-and-cancers-with-a-special-focus-on-the-potential-of-vitamin-d
#4
REVIEW
Shahida Khan, Ashraf Ali, Sarah Khan, Ahmed Bakillah, Ghazi Damanhouri, Aziz Khan, Ahmed Makki, Ibtehal AlAnsari, Naheed Banu
Background: Liver dysfunction is a topic of global concern with many advancing therapies being researched. Though vitamin D takes a center place, other therapies especially nutritional are also gaining ground. Vitamin D has gone beyond its role in skeletal disorders by showcasing its associations in other metabolic dysfunctions too. Result: Epidemiological evidences show a correlation between the status of vitamin D and different forms of cancer. Vitamin D receptors and alterations in gene expression appear decisive in the development of chronic liver disorders...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449103/salmon-calcitonin-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-exhibit-antagonistic-and-non-additive-effects-in-experimental-diabetes
#5
Wale Johnson Adeyemi, Luqman Aribidesi Olayaki
Because optimising therapy for the management of diabetes mellitus remains challenging, the study investigated the effects of salmon calcitonin (Sct) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (N-3 - eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid-3:2), compared to metformin, on selected biochemical parameters in male Wistar rats, in an experimental model of diabetes. Forty rats were used for this study. They were divided into eight groups of five rats each, which included: Normal control; Diabetic (D) control; D + N-3; D + low dose Sct (Sct...
February 9, 2018: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444356/long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-decline-rapidly-in-milk-from-mothers-delivering-extremely-preterm-indicating-the-need-for-supplementation
#6
Anders K Nilsson, Chatarina Löfqvist, Svetlana Najm, Gunnel Hellgren, Karin Sävman, Mats X Andersson, Lois E H Smith, Ann Hellström
AIM: Our aim was perform an in-depth analysis of the composition of fatty acids in milk from mothers delivering extremely preterm babies. We investigated longitudinal changes in milk fatty acid profiles and the relationship between several types of fatty acids, including omega-3 and omega-6. METHODS: Milk samples were collected at three stages of lactation from 78 mothers who delivered at less than 28 weeks of pregnancy at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden, from April 2013 to September 2015...
February 14, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442305/antioxidant-capacity-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-against-imidacloprid-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-japanese-quails
#7
Hazem Emam, Eman Ahmed, Mohamed Abdel-Daim
Imidacloprid (IM) is a neonicotinoid insecticide, used in a wide range of agricultural activities worldwide. However, it results in ecosystem disturbances and signs of toxicity in human and animals. The current study was designed to elucidate the protective effects of omega-3-fatty acids (OFAs) and vitamin E (Vit E) against IM hepatotoxicity in Japanese quails. Seventy male quails (30 days old) were divided into seven groups (n = 10); G1-ve control; G2received IM (+ve control); G3received OFA; G4received Vit E; and G5, G6, and G7received OFA and/or Vit E with IM for 30 days, respectively...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441322/effect-of-vitamin-e-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#8
Ashwitha Shruti Dass, Sarala Narayana, P N Venkatarathnamma
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications have been implicated in hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. Antioxidants can improve glycemic control, lipid profile, and cognitive functions. We assessed the effect of Vitamin E and omega 3 fatty acids (OFA) on the above parameters. One hundred patients with type 2 DM receiving metformin 500 mg and glimepiride 1 mg were randomized to receive add-on therapy of Vitamin E 400 mg or OFA once daily for 12 weeks and the third group served as control. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial blood sugar (PPBS), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), lipid profile, and mini-mental state examination were done at baseline and 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436756/alirocumab-versus-usual-lipid-lowering-care-as-add-on-to-statin-therapy-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-mixed-dyslipidaemia-the-odyssey-dm-dyslipidemia-randomized-trial
#9
Kausik K Ray, Lawrence A Leiter, Dirk Müller-Wieland, Bertrand Cariou, Helen M Colhoun, Robert R Henry, Francisco J Tinahones, Maja Bujas-Bobanovic, Catherine Domenger, Alexia Letierce, Rita Samuel, Stefano Del Prato
AIMS: Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and mixed dyslipidaemia represent a high-risk and difficult-to-treat population. ODYSSEY DM-DYSLIPIDEMIA (NCT02642159) compared alirocumab, a proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 inhibitor, with usual care (UC) in individuals with T2DM and mixed dyslipidaemia not optimally managed by maximally-tolerated statins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: UC options (no additional lipid-lowering therapy; fenofibrate; ezetimibe; omega-3 fatty acid; nicotinic acid) were selected prior to stratified randomization to open-label alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W; with increase to 150 mg Q2W at Week [W]12 if W8 non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [non-HDL-C] was ≥2...
February 13, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435611/electrophilic-derivatives-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-counteract-lung-cancer-cell-growth
#10
Liboria Siena, Chiara Cipollina, Serena Di Vincenzo, Maria Ferraro, Andreina Bruno, Mark Gjomarkaj, Elisabetta Pace
PURPOSE: 17-oxo-DHA is an electrophilic keto-derivative of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) endogenously generated by cyclooxygenase-2 and a cellular dehydrogenase. 17-oxo-DHA displays anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective actions. DHA, alone or in combination with standard chemotherapy, displays antitumor activity. However, the effects of electrophilic keto-derivatives of DHA on cancer growth have never been evaluated. We investigated whether 17-oxo-DHA, alone or in combination with gemcitabine, displayed antitumor effects...
February 12, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433780/nutritional-enhancement-of-sheep-meat-fatty-acid-profile-for-human-health-and-wellbeing
#11
Obert C Chikwanha, Payam Vahmani, Voster Muchenje, Michael E R Dugan, Cletos Mapiye
Dietary fatty acids (FA) consumed by sheep, like other ruminants, can undergo biohydrogenation resulting in high proportions of saturated FA (SFA) in meat. Biohydrogenation is typically less extensive in sheep than cattle, and consequently, sheep meat can contain higher proportions of omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated FA (PUFA), and PUFA biohydrogenation intermediates (PUFA-BHI) including conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans-monounsaturated FAs (t-MUFA). Sheep meat is also noted for having characteristically higher contents of branched chain FA (BCFA)...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433457/an-infant-formula-containing-dairy-lipids-increased-red-blood-cell-membrane-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-4%C3%A2-month-old-healthy-newborns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Maria Lorella Gianni, Paola Roggero, Charlotte Baudry, Catherine Fressange-Mazda, Claudio Galli, Carlo Agostoni, Pascale le Ruyet, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: When breastfeeding is not possible, infants are fed formulas (IF) in which lipids are usually of plant origin. However, the use of dairy fat in combination with plant oils enables a lipid profile closer to breast milk in terms of fatty acid (FA) composition, triglyceride structure, polar lipids and cholesterol contents. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of an IF containing a mix of dairy fat and plant oils on Omega-3 FA content in red blood cells (RBC)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428928/new-concepts-of-chronic-pain-and-the-potential-role-of-complementary-therapies
#13
Ken Wojcikowski, Vanessa J Vigar, Christopher J Oliver
Context • The mechanisms of chronic pain involve complex neuroplastic changes at all 3 orders of neurons involved in the transmission of pain as well as changes in the descending inhibitory pathway. Although traditional pharmaceutical therapies have some efficacy, substantial scope exists for a new model of individualized therapy, tailored to the specific response of each patient. Because changes occur at all levels of the pain pathway, successful treatment may require a combination of therapies with different mechanisms of action...
March 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426430/impact-of-us-brown-swiss-genetics-on-milk-quality-from-low-input-herds-in-switzerland-interactions-with-season
#14
Sokratis Stergiadis, Anna Bieber, Eleni Chatzidimitriou, Enrica Franceschin, Anne Isensee, Leonidas Rempelos, Marcin Baranski, Veronika Maurer, Giulio Cozzi, Beat Bapst, Gillian Butler, Carlo Leifert
This study investigated the effect of, and interactions between, US Brown Swiss (BS) genetics and season on milk yield, basic composition and fatty acid profiles, from cows on low-input farms in Switzerland. Milk samples (n = 1,976) were collected from 1,220 crossbreed cows with differing proportions of BS, Braunvieh and Original Braunvieh genetics on 40 farms during winter-housing and summer-grazing. Cows with more BS genetics produced more milk in winter but not in summer, possibly because of underfeeding potentially high-yielding cows on low-input pasture-based diets...
June 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425187/the-differential-effects-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Jacqueline K Innes, Philip C Calder
A large body of evidence supports the cardioprotective effects of the long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). There is increasing interest in the independent effects of EPA and DHA in the modulation of cardiometabolic risk factors. This systematic review aims to appraise the latest available evidence of the differential effects of EPA and DHA on such risk factors. A systematic literature review was conducted up to May 2017. Randomised controlled trials were included if they met strict eligibility criteria, including EPA or DHA > 2 g/day and purity ≥ 90%...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423081/pm2-5-inhalation-induces-intracranial-atherosclerosis-which-may-be-ameliorated-by-omega-3-fatty-acids
#16
Longfei Guan, Xiaokun Geng, Jiamei Shen, James Yip, Fengwu Li, Huishan Du, Zhili Ji, Yuchuan Ding
Background: Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICA) a major health problem. This study investigated whether inhalation of fine airborne particulate matters (PM2.5) causes ICA and whether omega-3 fatty acids (O3FA) attenuated the development of ICA. Results: Twelve but not 6 week exposure significantly increased triglycerides (TG) in normal chow diet (NCD), while PM2.5 enhanced all lipid profiles (TG, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and cholesterol (CHO)) after both 6 and 12-week exposure with high-cholesterol diet (HCD)...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415593/maternal-obesity-fish-intake-and-recurrent-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#17
Marcela C Smid, Alison M Stuebe, Tracy A Manuck, Sarbattama Sen
OBJECTIVE: Moderate fish intake in early pregnancy is associated with decreased risk of preterm birth (PTB). Obesity during pregnancy is characterized by inflammation and insufficiency of essential fatty acids. The objective of this study was to measure the association between fish intake during pregnancy and risk of recurrent spontaneous (s)PTB among lean, overweight and obese women. DESIGN: This is secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation for recurrent PTB prevention, 2005-2006...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415482/long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-protects-against-adriamycin-and-cyclophosphamide-chemotherapy-induced-bone-marrow-damage-in-female-rats
#18
Chia-Ming Fan, Yu-Wen Su, Peter R Howe, Cory J Xian
Although bone marrow and bone toxicities have been reported in breast cancer survivors, preventative strategies are yet to be developed. Clinical studies suggest consumption of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFA) can attenuate age-related bone loss, and recent animal studies also revealed benefits of LCn3PUFA in alleviating bone marrow and bone toxicities associated with methotrexate chemotherapy. Using a female rat model for one of the most commonly used anthracycline-containing breast cancer chemotherapy regimens (adriamycin + cyclophosphamide) (AC) chemotherapy, this study investigated potential effects of daily LCn3PUFA consumption in preserving bone marrow and bone microenvironment during chemotherapy...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413492/attenuation-of-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-by-fish-oil-supplementation-is-associated-with-improved-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-function-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#19
Amanda R Martins, Amanda R Crisma, Laureane N Masi, Catia L Amaral, Gabriel N Marzuca-Nassr, Lucas H M Bomfim, Bruno G Teodoro, André L Queiroz, Tamires D A Serdan, Rosangela P Torres, Jorge Mancini-Filho, Alice C Rodrigues, Tatiana C Alba-Loureiro, Tania C Pithon-Curi, Renata Gorjao, Leonardo R Silveira, Rui Curi, Philip Newsholme, Sandro M Hirabara
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have been reported to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis in animal models of insulin resistance, but the involved mechanisms still remain unresolved. In this study, we evaluated the effects of fish oil (FO), a source of n-3 PUFAs, on obesity, insulin resistance and muscle mitochondrial function in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). C57Bl/6 male mice, 8 weeks old, were divided into four groups: control diet (C), high-fat diet (H), C+FO (CFO) and H+FO (HFO)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413364/arachidonic-acid-supplementation-modulates-blood-and-skeletal-muscle-lipid-profile-with-no-effect-on-basal-inflammation-in-resistance-exercise-trained-men
#20
James F Markworth, Cameron J Mitchell, Randall F D'Souza, Kirsten M M Aasen, Brenan R Durainayagam, Sarah M Mitchell, Alex H C Chan, Andrew J Sinclair, Manohar Garg, David Cameron-Smith
Arachidonic acid (ARA), an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), is the metabolic precursor to the eicosanoid family of lipid mediators. Eicosanoids have potent pro-inflammatory actions, but also act as important autocrine/paracrine signaling molecules in skeletal muscle growth and development. Whether dietary ARA is incorporated into skeletal muscle phospholipids and the resulting impact on intramuscular inflammatory and adaptive processes in-vivo is not known. In the current study, resistance trained men (≥1 year) received dietary supplementation with 1...
January 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
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