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Ureteral calculi

Ahmed Mohey, Mohamed Alhefnawy, Mostafa Mahmoud, Rabea Gomaa, Tarek Soliman, Shabieb Ahmed, Yasser A Noureldin
INTRODUCTION: To assess the conversion rate during fluoroless-ureteroscopy (URS) and evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of fluoroless-URS as a definitive management of distal ureteral calculi. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May 2013 and August 2015, patients with radio-opaque distal ureteral calculi of ≤ 1 cm in size were randomized to undergo fluoroless-URS or standard URS. Patients with previous ureteral surgery, ureteral kinking, ureteral stricture, single kidney, additional proximal ureteral or renal calculi, uncontrolled coagulopathy, and/or congenital anomalies of the urinary tract were excluded...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
Ho Won Kang, Kang Su Cho, Won Sik Ham, Dong Hyuk Kang, Hae Do Jung, Jong Kyou Kwon, Young Deuk Choi, Joo Yong Lee
Purpose: This study aims to assess the predictive factors and treatment outcomes of Steinstrasse formation following shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for ureter stone. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 1,418 ureter stone patients who underwent one-session SWL from November 2005 to May 2013 at our medical institute were retrospectively reviewed. Finally, 551 patients met inclusion criteria. Maximal length and location of stone, stone attenuation (Hounsfield units), and skin-to-stone distance (SSD) were determined on pretreatment non-contrast computed tomography...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Shifeng Liu, Hong Wang, Weihua Feng, Xiaokun Hu, Jian Guo, Qingjun Shang, Zixiang Li, Hongsheng Yu
Urinary calculus is a common and recurrent condition that affects kidney function. The present study evaluated the use of digital tomosynthesis (DTS) and Kidneys-Ureters-Bladder (KUB) radiography as methods of diagnosing urinary calculi. Unenhanced multidetector computed tomography (UMDCT) was used in the diagnosis of calculi. KUB radiography and DTS procedures were conducted on patients prior to and following bowel preparation to detect kidney, ureteral and bladder calculi. Differences in diagnostic performance of KUB radiography and DTS imaging on prepared and unprepared bowel were evaluated using the χ2 test...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
F D Bai, H F Wu, J M Wen, N Zhang, Y C Zheng, J M Chen, C J Du
Objective: To evaluate the clinical application and effect of preseting Double-J ureteric stent in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. Method: 74 cases of renal calculi treated with PCNL in our hospital during June 2014 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 74 cases, 54 was male, 20 was female. All cases were aged 27 to 78, the mean age was (49.5±12.3) years old. The diameter of the stone was 20 to 59 mm, and the mean diameter was of (29.4±4.3) mm.Our Surgical methods was first putingFr6 double J tube in abnormal ureteral in advance in lithotomy position, then indwellingthree-way Foley catheter and clipping drainage port, perfusingirrigation port with 3 000 ml saline from 60-80 cm height...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Patrick Fox, Michael C Ost
In recent years, the incidence of nephrolithiasis in the pediatric population appears to be increasing.1 This has placed a new emphasis on surgical management of stones in children. In the past, extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) was the preferred management technique for stones in children.2 More recently, though, advances in endoscopy have allowed ureteroscopy to be adapted to the pediatric population and this approach has become more frequently utilized not just for lower ureteral calculi but also for proximal ureteral and renal stones...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Kandarp Priyakant Parikh, Ravi Jineshkumar Jain, Aditya Parikh Kandarp
Introduction: Success of any modality for stone disease needs to be evaluated in terms of Stone Free Rates (SFR), auxiliary procedures needed; complications and follow up. SFR in RIRS is subject to parameters like stone burden, location, number, hardness, composition; calyceal and ureter anatomy; use of ureteric access sheath (UAS); surgeon experience etc. Methods: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RIRS for managing upper tract stones...
January 2018: Urology Annals
Sergio Landa-Juárez, Bárbara M Rivera-Pereira, Ana M Castillo-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive procedures have become the standard option for treatment of urinary stones; the use of more invasive techniques is not a common practice currently. This emergent technology is not always available and laparoscopy is the alternative option. There are few reports of laparoscopic management for urinary lithiasis in pediatric patients. This study is about the use of laparoscopic surgery combined with pyeloscopy as a feasible first-line treatment for pediatric urolithiasis in renal and proximal ureteral locations...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Gregory Roberts, Robert Leslie, Sylvia Robb, D Robert Siemens, Darren Beiko
INTRODUCTION: Ureteral stent and ureteral manipulation-related pain is a significant complication for patients undergoing ureteroscopy. Herein, we report a phase 2, randomized trial to assess efficacy of direct instillation of intraureteral lidocaine in reducing postoperative pain and ureteral stent symptoms. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blinded trial of patients undergoing elective ureteroscopy for ureteral calculi. Patients were randomized to direct instillation of 2% lidocaine plus bicarbonate, or to normal saline as control...
October 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
I Jubber, P R Patel, S Hori, S Al-Hayek
Ureteroscopy and laser fragmentation of stones is a commonly used method to treat ureteric and renal calculi. We report the exceedingly rare finding of a renal pseudoaneurysm in an interpolar renal artery following ureteroscopy and laser stone fragmentation, which was successfully managed with angioembolisation.
January 24, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Kelly A Healy, Ojas Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
Pietro Castellan, Michele Nicolai, Piergustavo De Francesco, Luciano Di Tizio, Roberto Castellucci, Maida Bada, Michele Marchioni, Luca Cindolo, Luigi Schips
Background: Vaginal stones are rare and often unknown entities. Most urologists may never see a case in their careers. Case Presentation: We present the case of a 34-year-old bedridden Caucasian woman with mental and physical disabilities who presented with a large primary vaginal calculus, which, surprisingly, had remained undiagnosed until the patient suffered a right renal colic caused by a ureteral stone. The vagina was completely filled and a digital examination was not possible. For this reason, the stone was removed using surgical pliers with some maneuvering...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Sagar Sabharwal, L Jeyaseelan, Arabind Panda, Lionel Gnanaraj, Nitin S Kekre, Antony Devasia
Objective: To assess the effect of diuretics with shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) on the treatment of renal and upper ureteric calculi. Patients and methods: Adult patients with a solitary non-obstructive radio-opaque renal or upper ureteric calculus with normal renal function were included. They were prospectively randomised to receive either SWL with placebo or SWL with diuretics (40 mg parenteral furosemide) in a double-blind manner with a sample size of 48 patients in each arm...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
De-Li Zhao, Guang-Sheng Jia, Peng Chen, Xin-Ding Liu, Sheng-Jie Shu, Zai-Sheng Ling, Ting-Ting Fan, Xiu-Fen Shen, Jin-Ling Zhang
The present study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of 64-slice spiral computed tomography (CT) imaging of the urinary tract during the excretory phase for urinary tract obstruction. CT imaging of the urinary tract during the excretory phase was performed in 46 patients that had been diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction by B-mode ultrasound imaging or clinical manifestations. It was demonstrated that out of the 46 patients, 18 had pelvic and ureteral calculi, 12 cases had congenital malformations, 3 had ureteral stricture caused by urinary tract infection and 13 cases had malignant tumors of the urinary tract...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Alfredo Berrettini, Luca Boeri, Emanuele Montanari, Mirella Mogiatti, Pietro Acquati, Elisa De Lorenzis, Andrea Gallioli, Erika Adalgisa De Marco, Dario Guido Minoli, Gianantonio Manzoni
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of pediatric kidney stones has changed dramatically in recent years because of the miniaturization of surgical instruments and the availability of intracorporeal lithotripters. The retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) technique is nowadays considered an effective and safe procedure but studies in very young children are lacking and use of a ureteral access sheath (UAS) has also been debated. OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and efficacy of RIRS using UAS in children weighing < 20 kg...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Guanlin Liu, Yue Cheng, Weijie Wu, Xiaolong Jia, Jiasheng Hu, Guohai Xie, Xueqin Chen
INTRODUCTION: The obstruction of the urinary tract by calculi at the narrowest anatomical areas leads to impaired drainage and severe pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new technology, extracorporeal physical vibrational lithecbole (EPVL) combined with tamsulosin, as a treatment for distal ureteral calculi (DUC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2013 and July 2014, 672 patients diagnosed with DUC were randomly divided into three groups; a group receiving EPVL plus 0...
February 2018: Journal of Endourology
Malaka Dharmakeerthi Jayawardene, Balasingam Balagobi, A L A M C Ambegoda, Sanjeewa Vidanapathirana, G W A S K Wijayagunawardane, V Senthan, D D Ranasinghe, Anuruddha M Abeygunasekera
OBJECTIVE: Although medical expulsive therapy (MET) is shown to be effective for ureteric calculi, the optimum duration and the stone size suitable for MET are not well established yet. The objectives of the study were to determine the optimum duration and maximum stone size suitable for MET. RESULTS: All patients with radiologically confirmed uncomplicated ureteric calculi treated with MET using tamsulosin over a period of 6 months in the outpatient setting were followed up...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Christopher R Lamb, Stefano Cortellini, Zoe Halfacree
Objectives The objective was to identify clinical or ultrasonographic results associated with ureteral obstruction or outcome in cats with azotaemia. Methods This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of cats with azotaemia (serum creatinine >180 μmol/l) that had ultrasonography of the urinary tract, ultrasound images available for review and received treatment for azotaemia. Cats with pre-renal azotaemia or urethral obstruction were excluded. Associations between clinical and ultrasonographic results and the dependent variables 'tentative diagnosis of ureteral obstruction', 'pyelography positive for ureteral obstruction' and 'death in hospital' were tested using binary logistic regression...
January 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Bhaskar K Somani, Stephen Griffin
We describe our 'Tips and tricks' of ureteroscopy and lasertripsy (URSL) for paediatric ureteric calculi. All regional referrals directed to the paediatric urologist are discussed in a formal stone multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting with urologists, radiologists, and biochemical pathologist. A paediatric urologist (SG) and an experienced adult endourologist (BS) do these stone procedures jointly as a twin-surgeon team approach for each patient.
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Yu Fan, Zhen-Hua Liu, Qiang Wei, Zhuang Tang, Liang-Ren Liu, Bi-Hua Ren, Xiang Li, Yi-Ge Bao, Lu Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of CT attenuation value (CTvalue) to predict the composition of upper urinary calculi and the number of shock waves (NSW) and success rate (SR) of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). METHODS: A total of 146 patients with upper urinary calculi treated by ESWL were included. CT scan was performed before ESWL. Upper urinary calculi with the maximum diameters of less than or equal to 2 cm were included. Infrared spectroscopy was used to analyze the composition of calculi...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Makoto Taguchi, Takaaki Inoue, Kouei Muguruma, Takashi Murota, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda
Purpose: To evaluate urination-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with an indwelling ureteral stent immediately after ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) for upper urinary calculi. We compared the effects of loop-tail and pigtail ureteral stents on urination-related QoL. Materials and Methods: Of 135 patients who underwent URSL between May 2014 and March 2015 at our hospital, we retrospectively analyzed the records of 70 patients (42 men, 28 women; median age, 63 years) in whom the stent tail was positioned inside the bladder without crossing the midline and who completed the core lower urinary tract symptoms score (CLSS) questionnaire pre- and postoperatively...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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