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ankle RM

Young-Jun Shin, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the immediate effect of ankle balance taping on balance ability of soccer players with acute ankle sprain. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with 16 subjects who were diagnosed with ankle sprain. A cross-over randomized design was used. Each subject performed three interventions in a random order. Subjects were randomly assigned to an ankle balance taping, placebo taping, and no taping. For dynamic and static balance, ability was measured using BIORescue (RM Ingenierie, Rodes, France)...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Nuno Casanova, Joana F Reis, João R Vaz, Rita Machado, Bruno Mendes, Duane C Button, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Sandro R Freitas
Two experiments (n = 10) were conducted to determine the effects of roller massager (RM) on ankle plantar flexor muscle recovery after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Experiment 1 examined both functional [i.e., ankle plantar flexion maximal isometric contraction and submaximal (30%) sustained force; ankle dorsiflexion maximal range of motion and resistance to stretch; and medial gastrocnemius pain pressure threshold] and morphological [cross-sectional area, thickness, fascicle length, and fascicle angle] variables, before and immediately, 1, 24, 48, and 72 h after an EIMD stimulus...
January 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Andrew Chia Chen Chou, Sean Yung Chuan Ng, David Hsien Ching Su, Inderjeet Rikhraj Singh, Kevin Koo
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency microtenotomy (RM) is effective for treating plantar fasciitis. No studies have compared it to the plantar fasciotomy (PF). We hypothesized that RM is equally effective and provides no additional benefit when performed with PF. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, all patients who underwent either or both procedures concurrently at our institution were analyzed. Data collected included demographics, SF-36 Health Survey, AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Scale, and two questions regarding satisfaction and expectations, all of which were assessed pre-operatively and post-operatively at 6-months and 1-year...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
(no author information available yet)
Oliver SM, Coetzee JC, Nilsson LJ, Samuelson KM, Stone RM, Fritz JE, Giveans MR. Early patient satisfaction results on a modern generation fixed-bearing total ankle arthroplasty. Foot Ankle Int. 2016;37(9):938-943. (Original DOI: 10.1177/1071100716648736 ).
February 2017: Foot & Ankle International
Kristof Kipp, Chad Harris
Kipp, K, and Harris, C. Muscle-specific effective mechanical advantage and joint impulse in weightlifting. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1905-1910, 2017-Lifting greater loads during weightlifting exercises may theoretically be achieved through increasing the magnitudes of net joint impulses or manipulating the joints' effective mechanical advantage (EMA). The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle-specific EMA and joint impulse as well as impulse-momentum characteristics of the lifter-barbell system across a range of external loads during the execution of the clean...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Kristof Kipp, Philip J Malloy, Jordan Smith, Matthew D Giordanelli, Michael T Kiely, Christopher F Geiser, Timothy J Suchomel
The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint- and load-dependent changes in the mechanical demands of the lower extremity joints during the hang power clean (HPC) and the jump shrug (JS). Fifteen male lacrosse players were recruited from an NCAA DI team, and completed three sets of the HPC and JS at 30%, 50%, and 70% of their HPC 1-Repetition Maximum (1-RM HPC) in a counterbalanced and randomized order. Motion analysis and force plate technology were used to calculate the positive work, propulsive phase duration, and peak concentric power at the hip, knee, and ankle joints...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
James R Debenham, William I Gibson, Mervyn J Travers, Amity C Campbell, Garry T Allison
CONTEXT: Eccentric exercises are increasingly being used to treat lower-limb musculoskeletal conditions such as Achilles tendinopathy. Despite widespread clinical application and documented efficacy, mechanisms underpinning clinical benefit remain unclear. Positive adaptations in motor performance are a potential mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how an eccentric loading intervention influences measures of stretch-shortening-cycle (SSC) behavior during a hopping task...
April 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Henrik Kirk, Svend S Geertsen, Jakob Lorentzen, Kasper B Krarup, Thomas Bandholm, Jens B Nielsen
Kirk, H, Geertsen, SS, Lorentzen, J, Krarup, KB, Bandholm, T, and Nielsen, JB. Explosive resistance training increases rate of force development in ankle dorsiflexors and gait function in adults with cerebral palsy. J Strength Cond Res 30(10): 2749-2760, 2016-Alterations in passive elastic properties of muscles and reduced ability to quickly generate muscle force contribute to impaired gait function in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). In this study, we investigated whether 12 weeks of explosive and progressive heavy-resistance training (PRT) increases rate of force development of ankle dorsiflexors (RFDdf), improves gait function, and affects passive ankle joint stiffness in adults with CP...
October 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
James R Debenham, William I Gibson, Mervyn J Travers, Amity C Campbell, Garry T Allison
CONTEXT: Eccentric exercises are increasingly being used to treat lower limb musculoskeletal conditions such as Achilles tendinopathy. Despite widespread clinical application and documented efficacy, mechanisms underpinning clinical benefit remain unclear. Positive adaptations in motor performance are one potential mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how an eccentric loading intervention influences measures of stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) behaviour during a hopping task...
January 18, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kowshik Jain, Philip N Murphy, Timothy M Clough
INTRODUCTION: Intractable plantar fasciitis can be a difficult condition to treat. Early results of platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection have been promising. We compared PRP to traditional cortisone injection in the treatment of chronic cases of plantar fasciitis resistant to traditional nonoperative management. The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of PRP to that of Steroid at 3, 6 and 12 months after injection. METHODS: 60 heels with intractable plantar fasciitis who had failed conservative treatment were randomised to receive either PRP or Steroid injection...
December 2015: Foot
N Demeter, N Josman, E Eisenberg, D Pud
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to identify predicting factors affecting experimental pain stimuli reduction by using 'EyeToy', which is an Immersive Virtual Reality System (IVRS). METHODS: Sixty-two healthy subjects (31 M, 31 F) underwent a battery of pain tests to determine each participant's baseline sensitivity to nociceptive. The battery included thermal pain tests (hot and cold) as well as a paradigm to induce conditioned pain modulation (CPM). Later on, each subject participated in two study conditions in random order: (1) An exposure to tonic heat stimulation (46...
November 2015: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Arturo Figueroa, Alexei Wong, Amber Kinsey, Roy Kalfon, Wyatt Eddy, Michael J Ormsbee
BACKGROUND: Obesity and reduced muscle strength are associated with increased blood pressure (BP). We examined the impact of milk proteins and combined exercise training (CET) on BP, arterial function, and muscle strength (one-repetition maximum (1-RM)). METHODS: Thirty-three obese sedentary women (age = 30 ± 1 years; body mass index = 35.2 ± 0.9 kg/m(2); systolic BP (SBP) = 129 ± 2 mm Hg) were randomized to control carbohydrate (n = 11), whey (n = 11), and casein (n = 11) supplementation for 4 weeks...
March 2014: American Journal of Hypertension
T Yasuda, K Fukumura, T Fukuda, Y Uchida, H Iida, M Meguro, Y Sato, T Yamasoba, T Nakajima
Previous studies have shown that blood flow-restricted low-intensity resistance training (BFR-RT) causes muscle hypertrophy while maintaining arterial function in young adults. We examined the effects of BFR-RT on muscle size and arterial stiffness in older adults. Healthy subjects (ages 61-84 years) were divided into BFR-RT (n = 9) or non-training control (CON; n = 10) groups. The BFR-RT group performed 20% and 30%, respectively, of one-repetition maximal (1-RM) knee extension and leg press exercises, 2 days/wk for 12 weeks...
October 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Joseph F Seay, Peter N Frykman, Shane G Sauer, David J Gutekunst
During group marches, soldiers must walk in step with one another at the same imposed cadence. The literature suggests that shorter trainees may be more susceptible to injury due to overstriding that can occur when taller recruits dictate marching cadence. This study assessed the effects of fixed cadence simulated marching at cadences above and below preferred step rate (PSR) on lower extremity joint mechanics in individuals who were unaccustomed to marching. During three separate visits, 13 volunteers walked with a 20 kg load on a force-sensing treadmill at self-selected PSR, PSR+15% (shorter strides), and PSR-15% (longer strides) at 1...
February 2014: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Hannah Rice, Michael Nunns, Carol House, Joanne Fallowfield, Adrian Allsopp, Sharon Dixon
BACKGROUND: Ankle inversion injury is common in military populations but associated biomechanical risk factors are largely unknown. This prospective study examined the association between pressure and kinematic variables, and ankle inversion injury risk in Royal Marine (RM) recruits. It was hypothesised that a more medially concentrated pressure at the heel-off phase of stance, greater impulse and peak pressure at the first metatarsal head, greater peak rearfoot eversion angle and greater eversion excursion would be associated with ankle inversion injury...
September 2013: Gait & Posture
João L Ellera Gomes, Humberto M Palma, Roberto Ruthner
PURPOSE: This study investigated variables associated with hip restriction (reduced range of motion) in a group of soccer players presenting with noncontact rerupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and compared results with a group of sport-matched healthy professional athletes. METHODS: In this case series, 28 male soccer players with noncontact ACL rerupture were examined for clinical hip range of motion findings potentially associated with ACL rerupture, namely anterior knee displacement, internal-external hip rotation, and cruciate ligament insufficiency...
January 2014: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Gavin L Moir, Jared M Gollie, Shala E Davis, John J Guers, Chad A Witmer
To investigate the effects of different loads on system and lower-body kinetics during jump squats, 12 resistance-trained men performed jumps under different loading conditions: 0%, 12%, 27%, 42%, 56%, 71%, and 85% of 1-repetition maximum (1-RM). System power output was calculated as the product of the vertical component of the ground reaction force and the vertical velocity of the bar during its ascent. Joint power output was calculated during bar ascent for the hip, knee, and ankle joints, and was also summed across the joints...
November 2012: Sports Biomechanics
MinHyuk Kwon, Harsimran S Baweja, Evangelos A Christou
The purpose of this study was to determine the neuromuscular mechanisms of the involved muscles that contribute to the greater positional variability at the ankle joint in older adults compared with young adults. Eleven young adults (25.6±4.9 years) and nine older adults (76.9±5.9 years) were asked to accurately match and maintain a horizontal target line with 5° dorsiflexion of their ankle for 20 s. The loads were 5 and 15% of the one repetition maximum load (1 RM). The visual gain was kept constant at 1° for all trials...
December 2012: Human Movement Science
Kristof Kipp, Josh Redden, Michelle Sabick, Chad Harris
The purpose of this study was to identify multijoint lower extremity kinematic and kinetic synergies in weightlifting and compare these synergies between joints and across different external loads. Subjects completed sets of the clean exercise at loads equal to 65, 75, and 85% of their estimated 1-RM. Functional data analysis was used to extract principal component functions (PCF's) for hip, knee, and ankle joint angles and moments of force during the pull phase of the clean at all loads. The PCF scores were then compared between joints and across loads to determine how much of each PCF was present at each joint and how it differed across loads...
July 2012: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Victoria H Stiles, Igor N Guisasola, Iain T James, Sharon J Dixon
Integrated biomechanical and engineering assessments were used to determine how humans responded to variations in turf during running and turning. Ground reaction force (AMTI, 960 Hz) and kinematic data (Vicon Peak Motus, 120 Hz) were collected from eight participants during running (3.83 m/s) and turning (10 trials per condition) on three natural turf surfaces in the laboratory. Surface hardness (Clegg hammer) and shear strength (cruciform shear vane) were measured before and after participant testing. Peak loading rate during running was significantly higher (p < ...
February 2011: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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