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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630615/plant-based-nutrition-for-healthcare-professionals-implementing-diet-as-a-primary-modality-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#1
REVIEW
Julieanna Hever, Raymond J Cronise
Cardiovascular disease remains the world's leading cause of death. Yet, we have known for decades that the vast majority of atherosclerosis and its subsequent morbidity and mortality are influenced predominantly by diet. This paper will describe a health-promoting whole food, plant-based diet; delineate macro- and micro-nutrition, emphasizing specific geriatric concerns; and offer guidance to physicians and other healthcare practitioners to support patients in successfully utilizing nutrition to improve their health...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630614/a-plant-based-diet-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
Michelle McMacken, Sapana Shah
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, especially in older adults. Diet and lifestyle, particularly plant-based diets, are effective tools for type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Plant-based diets are eating patterns that emphasize legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds and discourage most or all animal products. Cohort studies strongly support the role of plant-based diets, and food and nutrient components of plant-based diets, in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616808/crop-3d-a-lidar-based-platform-for-3d-high-throughput-crop-phenotyping
#3
Qinghua Guo, Fangfang Wu, Shuxin Pang, Xiaoqian Zhao, Linhai Chen, Jin Liu, Baolin Xue, Guangcai Xu, Le Li, Haichun Jing, Chengcai Chu
With the growing population and the reducing arable land, breeding has been considered as an effective way to solve the food crisis. As an important part in breeding, high-throughput phenotyping can accelerate the breeding process effectively. Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) is an active remote sensing technology that is capable of acquiring three-dimensional (3D) data accurately, and has a great potential in crop phenotyping. Given that crop phenotyping based on LiDAR technology is not common in China, we developed a high-throughput crop phenotyping platform, named Crop 3D, which integrated LiDAR sensor, high-resolution camera, thermal camera and hyperspectral imager...
December 6, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574206/genome-wide-analyses-of-listeria-monocytogenes-from-food-processing-plants-reveals-clonal-diversity-and-dates-the-emergence-of-persisting-sequence-types
#4
Gitte M Knudsen, Jesper Boye Nielsen, Rasmus L Marvig, Yin Ng, Peder Worning, Henrik Westh, Lone Gram
Whole genome sequencing is increasing used in epidemiology, e.g. for tracing outbreaks of food-borne diseases. This requires in-depth understanding of pathogen emergence, persistence, and genomic diversity along the food production chain including in food processing plants. We sequenced the genomes of 80 isolates of Listeria monocytogenes sampled from Danish food processing plants over a time-period of 20 years, and analyzed the sequences together with 10 public available reference genomes to advance our understanding of inter- and intra-plant genomic diversity of L...
June 2, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559731/developing-a-molecular-identification-assay-of-old-landraces-for-the-genetic-authentication-of-typical-agro-food-products-the-case-study-of-the-barley-agordino
#5
Fabio Palumbo, Giulio Galla, Gianni Barcaccia
The orzo Agordino is a very old local variety of domesticated barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. distichum L.) that is native to the Agordo District, Province of Belluno, and is widespread in the Veneto Region, Italy. Seeds of this landrace are widely used for the preparation of very famous dishes of the dolomitic culinary tradition such as barley soup, bakery products and local beer. Understanding the genetic diversity and identity of the Agordino barley landrace is a key step to establish conservation and valorisation strategies of this local variety and also to provide molecular traceability tools useful to ascertain the authenticity of its derivatives...
March 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506271/agrobiodiversity-and-in-situ-conservation-in-ethnic-minority-communities-of-xishuangbanna-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#6
Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Diyu Li, David Roy Clements, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Jianyong Wu, Pingfang Wei, Song Lin, Dayuan Xue
BACKGROUND: Xishuangbanna of Yunnan Province, southwest of China belongs to a global biodiversity and cultural hotspot. Agrobiodiversity plays an essential role in local livelihoods and traditional culture in the region. However, preliminary studies suggest that diversity of crop plants and livestock species is declining. We hypothesized that agrobiodiversity and traditional means of preserving agrobiodiversity are threatened because of changes in government policy in favor of commercial plantations, land use change and changes in traditional agricultural practices...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492498/assessment-of-inheritance-and-fitness-costs-associated-with-field-evolved-resistance-to-cry3bb1-maize-by-western-corn-rootworm
#7
Aubrey R Paolino, Aaron J Gassmann
The western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, is among the most serious insect pests of maize in North America. One strategy used to manage this pest is transgenic maize that produces one or more crystalline (Cry) toxins derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). To delay Bt resistance by insect pests, refuges of non-Bt maize are grown in conjunction with Bt maize. Two factors influencing the success of the refuge strategy to delay resistance are the inheritance of resistance and fitness costs, with greater delays in resistance expected when inheritance of resistance is recessive and fitness costs are present...
May 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462769/automated-culture-of-aquatic-model-organisms-shrimp-larvae-husbandry-for-the-needs-of-research-and-aquaculture
#8
M Mutalipassi, M Di Natale, V Mazzella, V Zupo
Modern research makes frequent use of animal models, that is, organisms raised and bred experimentally in order to help the understanding of biological and chemical processes affecting organisms or whole environments. The development of flexible, reprogrammable and modular systems that may help the automatic production of 'not-easy-to-keep' species is important for scientific purposes and for such aquaculture needs as the production of alive foods, the culture of small larvae and the test of new culture procedures...
May 2, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455556/fusarium-diseases-of-maize-associated-with-mycotoxin-contamination-of-agricultural-products-intended-to-be-used-for-food-and-feed
#9
REVIEW
Elisabeth Oldenburg, Frank Höppner, Frank Ellner, Joachim Weinert
Infections of maize with phytopathogenic and toxinogenic Fusarium spp. may occur throughout the cultivation period. This can cause different types of diseases in vegetative and generative organs of the plant. Along with these infections, mycotoxins are often produced and accumulated in affected tissues, which could pose a significant risk on human and animal health when entering the food and feed chain. Most important fungal species infecting European maize belong to the Fusarium sections Discolour and Liseola, the first being more prevalent in cooler and humid climate regions than the second predominating in warmer and dryer areas...
April 28, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448589/morpho-physiological-analysis-of-tolerance-to-aluminum-toxicity-in-rice-varieties-of-north-east-india
#10
Jay Prakash Awasthi, Bedabrata Saha, Preetom Regon, Smita Sahoo, Umakanta Chowra, Amit Pradhan, Anupam Roy, Sanjib Kumar Panda
Aluminum (Al) is the third most abundant metal in earth crust, whose chemical form is mainly dependent on soil pH. The most toxic form of Al with respect to plants is Al3+, which exists in soil pH <5. Acidic soil significantly limits crop production mainly due to Al3+ toxicity worldwide, impacting approximately 50% of the world's arable land (in North-Eastern India 80% soil are acidic). Al3+ toxicity in plants ensues root growth inhibition leading to less nutrient and water uptake impacting crop productivity as a whole...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446498/diet-quality-of-us-adolescents-during-the-transition-to-adulthood-changes-and-predictors
#11
Leah M Lipsky, Tonja R Nansel, Denise L Haynie, Danping Liu, Kaigang Li, Charlotte A Pratt, Ronald J Iannotti, Katherine W Dempster, Bruce Simons-Morton
Background: Influences on diet quality during the transition from adolescence to adulthood are understudied.Objective: This study examined association of 3 diet-quality indicators-Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI), Whole Plant Foods Density (WPF), and Empty Calories (EC; the percentage of calories from discretionary solid fat, added sugar and alcohol)-with lifestyle behaviors, baseline weight status, and sociodemographic characteristics in US emerging adults.Design: Data come from the first 4 waves (annual assessments) of the NEXT Plus Study, a population-based cohort of 10th graders enrolled in 2010 (n = 566)...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369461/updated-foxtail-millet-genome-assembly-and-gene-mapping-of-nine-key-agronomic-traits-by-resequencing-a-ril-population
#12
Xuemei Ni, Qiuju Xia, Houbao Zhang, Shu Cheng, Hui Li, Guangyu Fan, Tao Guo, Ping Huang, Haitao Xiang, Qingchun Chen, Ning Li, Hongfeng Zou, Xuemei Cai, Xuejing Lei, Xiaoming Wang, Chengshu Zhou, Zhihai Zhao, Gengyun Zhang, Guohua Du, Wei Cai, Zhiwu Quan
Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides food and fodder in semi-arid regions and infertile land. Resequencing of 184 foxtail millet recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was carried out to aid essential research on foxtail millet improvement. A total 483 414 single nucleotide polymorphisms were determined. Bin maps were constructed based on the RILs' recombination data. Based on the high-density bin map, we updated Zhanggu reference with 416 Mb after adding 16 Mb unanchored scaffolds and Yugu reference with some assembly error correction and 3158 gaps filled...
February 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350517/anti-inflammatory-diet-in-clinical-practice
#13
Mari Anoushka Ricker, William Christian Haas
Recently, there has been an increase in the research regarding the impact of acute and chronic inflammation on health and disease. Specific foods are now known to exert strong effects on inflammatory pathways within the body. Carefully selecting foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature while avoiding foods that are proinflammatory is central to an anti-inflammatory diet plan. Ultimately, the plan models a pattern of eating that (1) focuses on eating whole, plant-based foods that are rich in healthy fats and phytonutrients and (2) maintains a stable glycemic response...
March 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319109/the-broad-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-using-a-whole-food-plant-based-diet-in-the-community-for-obesity-ischaemic-heart-disease-or-diabetes
#14
N Wright, L Wilson, M Smith, B Duncan, P McHugh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is little randomised evidence using a whole food plant-based (WFPB) diet as intervention for elevated body mass index (BMI) or dyslipidaemia. We investigated the effectiveness of a community-based dietary programme. Primary end points: BMI and cholesterol at 6 months (subsequently extended). SUBJECTS: Ages 35-70, from one general practice in Gisborne, New Zealand. Diagnosed with obesity or overweight and at least one of type 2 diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303148/differentiating-wheat-genotypes-by-bayesian-hierarchical-nonlinear-mixed-modeling-of-wheat-root-density
#15
Anton P Wasson, Grace S Chiu, Alexander B Zwart, Timothy R Binns
Ensuring future food security for a growing population while climate change and urban sprawl put pressure on agricultural land will require sustainable intensification of current farming practices. For the crop breeder this means producing higher crop yields with less resources due to greater environmental stresses. While easy gains in crop yield have been made mostly "above ground," little progress has been made "below ground"; and yet it is these root system traits that can improve productivity and resistance to drought stress...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274170/protective-effects-of-cassia-tora-leaves-in-experimental-cataract-by-modulating-intracellular-communication-membrane-co-transporters-energy-metabolism-and-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathway
#16
V Sreelakshmi, Annie Abraham
CONTEXT: Cataract is the clouding of eye lens which causes impairment in vision and accounts for the leading factor of global blindness. Functional food-based prevention of cataract finds application in vision research because of its availability and easy access to all classes of the society. Cassia tora Linn. (Caesalpinaceae) is an edible plant mentioned in the traditional systems of medicine for whole body health, especially to the eyes. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluates the potential of ethyl acetate fraction of Cassia tora leaves (ECT) on experimental cataract...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231112/a-comparison-of-carbon-footprint-and-production-cost-of-different-pasta-products-based-on-whole-egg-and-pea-flour
#17
Antonia Nette, Patricia Wolf, Oliver Schlüter, Andreas Meyer-Aurich
Feed and food production are inter alia reasons for high greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions could be reduced by the replacement of animal components with plant components in processed food products, such as pasta. The main components currently used for pasta are semolina, and water, as well as additional egg. The hypothesis of this paper is that the substitution of whole egg with plant-based ingredients, for example from peas, in such a product might lead to reduced greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and thus a reduced carbon footprint at economically reasonable costs...
March 4, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202499/dietary-phytochemical-intake-from-foods-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol-and-preliminary-scoping
#18
Yasmine C Probst, Vivienne X Guan, Katherine Kent
INTRODUCTION: Dietary phytochemicals are found in plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables and grains and may be categorised in a nested hierarchical manner with many hundred individual phytochemicals identified to date. To associate phytochemical intakes with positive health outcomes, a fundamental step is to accurately estimate the dietary phytochemical intake from foods reported. The purpose of this systematic review protocol is to describe the process to be undertaken to summarise the evidence for food-based dietary phytochemical intakes and health outcomes for adults...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193578/a-food-based-approach-that-targets-interleukin-6-a-key-regulator-of-chronic-intestinal-inflammation-and-colon-carcinogenesis
#19
Abigail Sido, Sridhar Radhakrishnan, Sung Woo Kim, Elisabeth Eriksson, Frank Shen, Qunhua Li, Vadiraja Bhat, Lavanya Reddivari, Jairam K P Vanamala
Studies have shown a causal link between high-calorie diet (HCD) and colon cancer. However, molecular mechanisms are not fully elucidated. To understand etiology of HCD-induced colon carcinogenesis, we screened 10 pathways linked to elevated colonic cell proliferation and chronic inflammation in an HCD-consuming human-relevant pig model. We observed elevated colonic mucosal interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in HCD-consuming pigs compared to standard diet controls (SD, P=.04), and IL-6 strongly correlated with Ki-67 proliferative index and zone, early biomarkers of colon cancer risk (r=0...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164795/comparative-genomic-analysis-of-the-genus-enterococcus
#20
Zhi Zhong, Wenyi Zhang, Yuqin Song, Wenjun Liu, Haiyan Xu, Xiaoxia Xi, Bilige Menghe, Heping Zhang, Zhihong Sun
As important lactic acid bacteria, Enterococcus species are widely used in the production of fermented food. However, as some strains of Enterococcus are opportunistic pathogens, their safety has not been generally accepted. In recent years, a large number of new species have been described and classified within the genus Enterococcus, so a better understanding of the genetic relationships and evolution of Enterococcus species is needed. In this study, the genomes of 29 type strains of Enterococcus species were sequenced...
March 2017: Microbiological Research
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