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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786804/-protein-deficiency-a-rare-nutrient-deficiency
#1
Gunnar Johansson
There is a widespread myth that we have to be careful about what we eat so that we do not cause protein deficiency. We know today that it is virtually impossible to design a calorie-sufficient diet, whether it is based on meat, fish, eggs, various vegetarian diets or even unprocessed whole natural plant foods, which is lacking in protein and any of the amino acids. The body is capable of taking incomplete proteins and making them complete by utilizing the amino acid recycling mechanism. The majority of amino acids absorbed from the intestinal tract are derived from recycled body protein...
May 21, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#2
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754736/unrevealing-variation-of-microbial-communities-and-correlation-with-environmental-variables-in-a-full-culture-cycle-of-undaria-pinnatifida
#3
Zelong Zhao, Yongjia Pan, Jingwei Jiang, Shan Gao, Hongjuan Sun, Ying Dong, Pihai Sun, Xiaoyan Guan, Zunchun Zhou
Bacteria are the most abundant organisms in natural environment and dominant drivers of multiple geochemical functions. Drawing a global picture of microbial community structure and understanding their ecological status remain a grand challenge. As a typical artificial process, aquaculture provides a large amount of foods and creates great economic benefits for human beings. However, few studies are aimed at the microbial community in the aquaculture environment of aquatic plants. We analyzed microbial communities from 21 water samples in a coastal aquaculture area during the whole cultural process of Undaria pinnatifida by using high-throughout sequencing of 16S rRNA gene...
May 8, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716403/-antioxidant-effect-of-the-fibre-content-of-foods
#4
Miklós Mézes, Márta Erdélyi
Antioxidants have some health benefit, but up to now there was less attention paid to the antioxidant properties of dietary fibre. The antioxidant effect of dietary fibre is based on the polyphenol compounds bound to polysaccharide complexes, which are released in the gut and functioning as antioxidants. Another type of antioxidant, calcium fructoborate was also isolated from plant cell wall. It has a marked antioxidant capacity, however, its active component is not a polyphenol, but the boron. There are lots of food plants which have relatively high antioxidant dietary fibre content, thus they support the antioxidant defence of the gastrointestinal tract, and consequently the whole body...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674964/botanical-provenance-of-traditional-medicines-from-carpathian-mountains-at-the-ukrainian-polish-border
#5
REVIEW
Weronika Kozlowska, Charles Wagner, Erin M Moore, Adam Matkowski, Slavko Komarnytsky
Plants were an essential part of foraging for food and health, and for centuries remained the only medicines available to people from the remote mountain regions. Their correct botanical provenance is an essential basis for understanding the ethnic cultures, as well as for chemical identification of the novel bioactive molecules with therapeutic effects. This work describes the use of herbal medicines in the Beskid mountain ranges located south of Krakow and Lviv, two influential medieval centers of apothecary tradition in the region...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662481/-listeria-monocytogenes-sequence-types-121-and-14-repeatedly-isolated-within-one-year-of-sampling-in-a-rabbit-meat-processing-plant-persistence-and-ecophysiology
#6
Frédérique Pasquali, Federica Palma, Laurent Guillier, Alex Lucchi, Alessandra De Cesare, Gerardo Manfreda
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen adapted to survive and persist in multiple environments. Following two previous studies on prevalence and virulence of L. monocytogenes ST121 and ST14 repeatedly collected in a the same rabbit-meat processing plant, the research questions of the present study were to: (1) assess persistence of L. monocytogenes isolates from the rabbit-plant; (2) select genes associated to physiological adaptation to the food-processing environment; (3) compare presence/absence/truncation of these genes in newly sequenced and publicly available ST121 and ST14 genomes...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615506/coexistence-of-multiple-endemic-and-pandemic-lineages-of-the-rice-blast-pathogen
#7
Pierre Gladieux, Sébastien Ravel, Adrien Rieux, Sandrine Cros-Arteil, Henri Adreit, Joëlle Milazzo, Maud Thierry, Elisabeth Fournier, Ryohei Terauchi, Didier Tharreau
The rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae (syn., Pyricularia oryzae ) is both a threat to global food security and a model for plant pathology. Molecular pathologists need an accurate understanding of the origins and line of descent of M. oryzae populations in order to identify the genetic and functional bases of pathogen adaptation and to guide the development of more effective control strategies. We used a whole-genome sequence analysis of samples from different times and places to infer details about the genetic makeup of M...
April 3, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580543/the-relevance-of-supply-chain-characteristics-in-ghg-emissions-the-carbon-footprint-of-maltese-juices
#8
L Roibás, S Rodríguez-García, V P Valdramidis, A Hospido
AIMS: Foods and drinks are major contributors (17%) to the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by private consumption in Europe. The carbon footprint (CF) of a certain product expresses the total GHG emissions over its whole life cycle, and its calculation for foodstuff is a necessary first step to reduce their contribution to global warming. The calculation of the CF of Maltese food products is especially relevant for two reasons: the economic characteristics of the island, whose food sector is highly dependent on imports, implying longer transport distances; and the Maltese electricity production mix, based almost exclusively on oil combustion...
May 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576363/hyperlipidemia-secondary-to-acitretin-therapy-for-lamellar-ichthyosis-associated-with-a-nipal4-mutation-improves-on-a-plant-based-diet-and-relapses-on-a-standard-western-diet
#9
Jonathan C Lin, Daniele Massera, Mohammad Ghalib, Robert Marion, Lauren Graf, Steven R Cohen, Robert J Ostfeld
Oral retinoids are commonly prescribed for many dermatological conditions and may induce hyperlipidemia. We document the case of a 35-year-old man taking acitretin for congenital lamellar ichthyosis associated with a homozygous deleterious mutation in NIPAL4 who developed retinoid-induced hyperlipidemia that responded dramatically to a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) diet. On presentation, his diet consisted of chicken, fish, low fat meats and dairy, grains, and some fruits and vegetables. He then adopted a WFPB diet without making changes to his medications...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556741/application-of-chloroplast-phylogenomics-to-resolve-species-relationships-within-the-plant-genus-amaranthus
#10
Erika Viljoen, Damaris A Odeny, Martin P A Coetzee, Dave K Berger, David J G Rees
Amaranthus species are an emerging and promising nutritious traditional vegetable food source. Morphological plasticity and poorly resolved dendrograms have led to the need for well resolved species phylogenies. We hypothesized that whole chloroplast phylogenomics would result in more reliable differentiation between closely related amaranth species. The aims of the study were therefore: to construct a fully assembled, annotated chloroplast genome sequence of Amaranthus tricolor; to characterize Amaranthus accessions phylogenetically by comparing barcoding genes (matK, rbcL, ITS) with whole chloroplast sequencing; and to use whole chloroplast phylogenomics to resolve deeper phylogenetic relationships...
April 2018: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545734/relative-validity-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-assessing-adherence-to-the-norwegian-dietary-guidelines-among-colorectal-cancer-patients
#11
Hege Berg Henriksen, Monica Hauger Carlsen, Ingvild Paur, Sveinung Berntsen, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Anne Juul Skjetne, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Christine Henriksen, Lene Frost Andersen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
Background: The Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) aim at reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases and promote overall health. We studied the effect of the Norwegian FBDG in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. There is a need for a time-efficient dietary assessment tool measuring adherence to these guidelines in patients treated for dietary dependent cancer, such as CRC patients. Objective: To evaluate a new short food frequency questionnaire (NORDIET-FFQ), developed to estimate adherence to the Norwegian FBDG among CRC patients...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531675/macroinvertebrate-identity-mediates-the-effects-of-litter-quality-and-microbial-conditioning-on-leaf-litter-recycling-in-temperate-streams
#12
Mathieu Santonja, Laura Pellan, Christophe Piscart
Plant litter decomposition is an essential ecosystem function that contributes to carbon and nutrient cycling in streams. Aquatic shredders, mainly macroinvertebrates, can affect this process in various ways; they consume leaf litter, breaking it down into fragments and creating suitable habitats or resources for other organisms through the production of fine particulate organic matter (FPOM). However, measures of litter-feeding traits across a wide range of aquatic macroinvertebrates are still rare. Here, we assessed the contributions of 11 species of freshwater macroinvertebrates to litter decomposition, by measuring consumption rate, FPOM production, and assimilation rate of highly decomposable ( Alnus glutinosa ) or poorly decomposable ( Quercus robur ) leaf litter types...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528772/functional-food-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-treatment-a-review
#13
Sedigheh Asgary, Ali Rastqar, Mahtab Keshvari
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of death globally and is a growing health concern. Lifestyle factors, including nutrition, play an important role in the etiology and treatment of CVD. Functional foods based on their basic nutritional functions can decrease the risk of many chronic diseases and have some physiological benefits. They contain physiologically active components either from plant or animal sources, marketed with the claim of their ability to reduce heart disease risk, focusing primarily on established risk factors, which are hyperlipidemia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity/overweight, elevated lipoprotein A level, small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and elevated inflammatory marker levels...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522524/uneven-recombination-rate-and-linkage-disequilibrium-across-a-reference-snp-map-for-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#14
Matthew W Blair, Andrés J Cortés, Andrew D Farmer, Wei Huang, Daniel Ambachew, R Varma Penmetsa, Noelia Carrasquilla-Garcia, Teshale Assefa, Steven B Cannon
Recombination (R) rate and linkage disequilibrium (LD) analyses are the basis for plant breeding. These vary by breeding system, by generation of inbreeding or outcrossing and by region in the chromosome. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a favored food legume with a small sequenced genome (514 Mb) and n = 11 chromosomes. The goal of this study was to describe R and LD in the common bean genome using a 768-marker array of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) based on Trans-legume Orthologous Group (TOG) genes along with an advanced-generation Recombinant Inbred Line reference mapping population (BAT93 x Jalo EEP558) and an internationally available diversity panel...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498272/potential-mechanisms-of-action-of-dietary-phytochemicals-for-cancer-prevention-by-targeting-cellular-signaling-transduction-pathways
#15
REVIEW
Hongyu Chen, Rui Hai Liu
Cancer is a severe health problem that significantly undermines life span and quality. Dietary approach helps provide preventive, nontoxic, and economical strategies against cancer. Increased intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are linked to reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases. The anticancer activities of plant-based foods are related to the actions of phytochemicals. One potential mechanism of action of anticancer phytochemicals is that they regulate cellular signal transduction pathways and hence affects cancer cell behaviors such as proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496410/plant-based-diets-and-cardiovascular-health
#16
REVIEW
Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu
Plant-based diets, defined in terms of low frequency of animal food consumption, have been increasingly recommended for their health benefits. Numerous studies have found plant-based diets, especially when rich in high quality plant foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts, to be associated with lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes and intermediate risk factors. This review summarizes the current evidence base examining the associations of plant-based diets with cardiovascular endpoints, and discusses the potential biological mechanisms underlying their health effects, practical recommendations and applications of this research, and directions for future research...
February 13, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496170/studies-on-detection-and-analysis-of-proteases-in-leaf-extract-of-medicinally-important-plants
#17
Gandhi Shree Chinnadurai, Sivakumar Krishnan, Palani Perumal
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The whole plant or the extracts obtained from them have long been used as medicine to treat various human diseases and disorders. Notably, those plants endowed with protease activity have been traditionally used as the agents for treating tumors, digestion disorders, swelling, blood coagulation, fibrinolysis and also for immune-modulation. AIM OF THE STUDY: Proteases occupy a pivotal position in enzyme based industries. Plant proteases have been increasingly exploited for pharmaceutical, food, leather and textile processing industries...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433211/effects-of-cooking-and-food-matrix-on-estimated-mineral-bioavailability-in-mloukhiya-a-mediterranean-dish-based-on-jute-leaves-and-meat
#18
Sondos Njoumi, Sihem Bellagha, Christèle Icard-Vernière, Christian Picq, Marie Josèphe Amiot, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
Traditional Mediterranean plant-based dishes could allow tackling malnutrition while preserving the cultural heritage. To determine the effect of the cooking method on mineral bioavailability, the content in minerals and chelators of Mloukhiya, a Mediterranean dish based on jute leaves (Corchorus olitorius) that contains also meat, was monitored during the whole cooking process. Mineral bioaccessibility was assessed by measuring in vitro dialyzability. Model equation was also used to estimate mineral bioavailability...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414317/genomic-resequencing-combined-with-quantitative-proteomic-analyses-elucidate-the-survival-mechanisms-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-p-8-in-a-long-term-glucose-limited-experiment
#19
Qiuwen He, Chenxia Cao, Wenyan Hui, Jie Yu, Heping Zhang, Wenyi Zhang
Lactobacillus plantarum, commonly isolated from plant material, is widely used to produce various types of fermented foods. However, nutrient-limiting conditions are often encountered during industrial applications. The present study aimed to investigate the response of L. plantarum P-8 to glucose-limited conditions in a long-term experiment. Genotypic and proteomic changes in L. plantarum P-8 were monitored over 3 years in glucose-limited and glucose-normal media using whole-genome resequencing and tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomic analysis...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414001/detection-and-identification-of-multiple-adulterants-in-plant-food-supplements-using-attenuated-total-reflectance-infrared-spectroscopy
#20
E Deconinck, C Aouadi, J L Bothy, P Courselle
Due to the rising popularity of dietary supplements, especially plant food supplements, and alternative herbal medicines, a whole market developed and these products became freely available through internet. Though several searches revealed that at least a part of these products, especially the ones obtained from websites disclosing their physical identity, are aldulterated with pharmaceutical compounds. This causes a threat for public health, since these compounds are not declared and therefore adverse effects will not immediately be related to the product...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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