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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543671/patient-centred-dietetic-care-from-the-perspectives-of-older-malnourished-patients
#1
E Hazzard, L Barone, M Mason, K Lambert, A McMahon
BACKGROUND: Governing organisations for health services currently recommend a patient-centred (PC) approach to practice for all health professions, including dietetics. For the vulnerable older malnourished patient, this approach needs to be prioritised to improve outcomes. The paucity of patient experience data likely limits evidence-based, patient-centred care (PCC) from being implemented effectively. The present study aimed to identify quality indicators of dietetic services from the perspectives of older malnourished patients to inform evidence-based PC dietetic care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543426/predictors-and-pathways-of-language-and-motor-development-in-four-prospective-cohorts-of-young-children-in-ghana-malawi-and-burkina-faso
#2
Elizabeth L Prado, Souheila Abbeddou, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Mary Arimond, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Jaden Bendabenda, Kenneth H Brown, Sonja Y Hess, Emma Kortekangas, Anna Lartey, Kenneth Maleta, Brietta M Oaks, Eugenia Ocansey, Harriet Okronipa, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Anna Pulakka, Jérôme W Somé, Christine P Stewart, Robert C Stewart, Stephen A Vosti, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Kathryn G Dewey
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have identified 44 risk factors for poor early child development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries. Further understanding of their relative influence and pathways is needed to inform the design of interventions targeting ECD. METHODS: We conducted path analyses of factors associated with 18-month language and motor development in four prospective cohorts of children who participated in trials conducted as part of the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) Project in Ghana (n = 1,023), Malawi (n = 675 and 1,385), and Burkina Faso (n = 1,122)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542317/systematic-review-of-dietary-salt-reduction-policies-evidence-for-an-effectiveness-hierarchy
#3
Lirije Hyseni, Alex Elliot-Green, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Chris Kypridemos, Martin O'Flaherty, Rory McGill, Lois Orton, Helen Bromley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Simon Capewell
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies now prioritise four major risk factors: food, tobacco, alcohol and physical activity. Dietary salt intake remains much higher than recommended, increasing blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stomach cancer. Substantial reductions in salt intake are therefore urgently needed. However, the debate continues about the most effective approaches. To inform future prevention programmes, we systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of possible salt reduction interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541498/how-food-insecurity-could-lead-to-obesity-in-lmics-%C3%A2-when-not-enough-is-too-much-a-realist-review-of-how-food-insecurity-could-lead-to-obesity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Penny Farrell, Anne Marie Thow, Seye Abimbola, Neha Faruqui, Joel Negin
While food insecurity is a well-known cause of under-nutrition and stunting, in recent decades it has also been linked with obesity. Understanding and thus minimising the risk factors for obesity in low- and middle-income country contexts, which often lack the health system capacity to treat the consequent obesity-related illnesses, is crucial. This study adopted realist review methodology because it enabled us to analyse and organise the evidence from low- and middle-income countries into a coherent scheme...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539223/dietary-effects-of-raphanus-sativus-cv-sango-on-lipid-and-oxysterols-accumulation-in-rat-brain-a-lipidomic-study-on-a-non-genetic-obesity-model
#5
V Cardenia, F Vivarelli, S Cirillo, M Paolini, Maria Teresa Rodriguez-Estrada, Donatella Canistro
The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of Raphanus sativus cv Sango sprout juice (SSJ) administration (75mg/kg b.w. SSJ/day) on the brain lipidomic profile (fatty acid, sterols, cholesterol oxidation) of rats (non-genetic model) subjected to a high-fat (34% crude fat) dietary regimen. The SSJ did not affect the lipid infiltration (7.7-9.3%) and the fatty acid composition of the rat brain, which was mainly composed by unsaturated fatty acids (∼58%); however, the high-fat diet regimen significantly halved linoleic acid (LA)...
May 21, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537363/the-use-of-diet-diaries-in-general-dental-practice-in-england
#6
A Arheiam, S L Brown, G Burnside, S M Higham, S Albadri, R V Harris
Objectives: Diet diaries are recommended as a tool to support behaviour change in dental patients at high risk of dental diseases. However, little is known about their use in dental practice. This study aimed to investigate whether and how general dental practitioners (GDPs) use diet diaries and identify factors which influence their use. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to a stratified random sample of general dental practitioners. The questionnaire asked about demographic and professional characteristics of the GDPs and their practices regarding diet advice, collection of dietary information, diet diaries usage (e...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537331/diet-modeling-in-older-americans-the-impact-of-increasing-plant-based-foods-or-dairy-products-on-protein-intake
#7
J A Houchins, C J Cifelli, E Demmer, V L Fulgoni Iii
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods or dairy products on protein intake in older Americans by performing diet modeling. DESIGN: Data from What We Eat in America (WWEIA), the dietary component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2007-2010 for Americans aged 51 years and older (n=5,389), divided as 51-70 years (n=3,513) and 71 years and older (n=1,876) were used. MEASUREMENTS: Usual protein intake was compared among three dietary models that increased intakes by 100%: (1) plant-based foods; (2) higher protein plant-based foods (i...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537057/physician-directed-diabetes-education-without-a-medication-change-and-associated-patient-outcomes
#8
Hun Sung Kim, Hyunah Kim, Hae Kyung Yang, Eun Young Lee, Yoo Jin Jeong, Tong Min Kim, So Jung Yang, Seo Yeon Baik, Seung Hwan Lee, Jae Hyoung Cho, In Young Choi, Hyeon Woo Yim, Bong Yun Cha
BACKGROUND: When patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are first referred to a hospital from primary health care clinics, physicians have to decide whether to administer an oral hypoglycemic agent (OHA) immediately or postpone a medication change in favor of diabetes education regarding diet or exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of diabetes education alone (without alterations in diabetes medication) on blood glucose levels. METHODS: The study was conducted between January 2009 and December 2013 and included patients with DM...
May 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537012/nutraceutical-effects-on-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism-in-patients-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial-on-a-combined-product
#9
Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Martino Morbini, Alessandro Colletti, Marilisa Bove, Maddalena Veronesi, Marina Giovannini, Claudio Borghi
INTRODUCTION: A number of natural compounds have individually demonstrated to improve glucose and lipid levels in humans. AIM: To  evaluate the short-term glucose and lipid-lowering activity in subjects with impaired fasting glucose. METHODS: To assess the effects of a combination of nutraceuticals based on Lagerstroemia speciosa, Berberis aristata, Curcuma longa, Alpha-lipoic acid, Chrome picolinate and Folic acid, we performed a double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial in 40 adults affected by impaired fasting glucose (FPG = 100-125 mg/dL) in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
May 23, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536569/dietary-high-zinc-oxide-modulates-the-microbiome-of-ileum-and-colon-in-weaned-piglets
#10
Ting Yu, Cui Zhu, Shicheng Chen, Lei Gao, Hang Lv, Ruowei Feng, Qingfeng Zhu, Jinsong Xu, Zhuang Chen, Zongyong Jiang
Dietary zinc oxide (ZnO) at pharmacological level has been widely used to prevent and treat diarrhea in weaning piglets. Despite its importance for promoting animal health and performance, the influence of microbiome profiles in intestinal tracts by ZnO needs to be comprehensively investigated. In this study, we conducted a comparative microbial community analysis in the ileum and colon of piglets fed by either control diet, high ZnO (3,000 mg/kg) supplement or antibiotics (300 mg/kg chlortetracycline and 60 mg/kg colistin sulfate) supplement...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535956/highly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-hufa-mediate-and-monitor-food-s-impact-on-health
#11
REVIEW
Bill Lands
A hyperbolic, saturable, competitive dynamic of ligand binding to metabolic enzymes and lipid mediator receptors gives non-linear dose-response interactions that need careful management when planning or interpreting nutrient-based interventions. Relatively indiscriminate metabolism during accumulation of HUFA from n-3 and n-6 nutrients allows the amounts of n-3 and n-6 nutrients to determine the HUFA balance accumulated in tissue phospholipids. However, when HUFA-based eicosanoid actions are more intense with n-6 than n-3 mediators, they cause healthy physiology to shift toward pathophysiology...
May 20, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534124/parental-misperception-of-child-s-weight-and-related-factors-within-family-norms
#12
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Chutima Jalayondeja
PURPOSE: Parental perception of their child's weight may be a crucial factor in parental ability for action with regard to their child's weight problem. This aim of this study was to investigate parental perception of their child's weight status and dietary healthiness, amount of food consumed and physical activity level and its related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among children (Grades 4-6) selected by cluster sampling in two schools...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534027/current-concepts-and-unresolved-questions-in-dietary-protein-requirements-and-supplements-in-adults
#13
REVIEW
Stuart M Phillips
Protein needs for otherwise healthy individuals older than 19 years are defined by the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) at 0.80 g protein/kg/day. There is no recommendation in the current RDA for subpopulations of older adults or people in various pathological situations. Despite the lack of a separate recommendation, there exists a growing body of evidence that is strongly suggestive of an increased need and/or benefit for protein in older persons. That is, intakes beyond the RDA are, in older persons, associated with benefits...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531790/an-initial-evaluation-of-newly-proposed-biomarker-of-zinc-status-in-humans-linoleic-acid-dihomo-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-la-dgla-ratio
#14
Marija Knez, James C R Stangoulis, Manja Zec, Jasmina Debeljak-Martacic, Zoran Pavlovic, Mirjana Gurinovic, Maria Glibetic
BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential micronutrient for humans with important physiological functions. A sensitive and specific biomarker for assessing Zn status is still needed. OBJECTIVE: The major aim of this study was to examine if the changes in the content of plasma phospholipid LA, DGLA and LA: DGLA ratio can be used to efficiently predict the dietary Zn intake and plasma Zn status of humans. METHODS: The study was performed on healthy human volunteers, 25-55 years of age...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531563/what-do-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-report-as-a-usual-dietary-intake-a-narrative-review-of-available-evidence
#15
Cathy M Harbury, Elisabeth E Verbruggen, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In several developed countries, as obesity prevalence doubles it has quadrupled for morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kgm(-2)). As more individuals with morbid obesity present for weight loss treatment there is a greater need to understand their dietary habits. No reviews were found in the literature, therefore this systematic review aims to identify and describe the existing evidence on the usual dietary intake of individuals with morbid obesity including those from a general population and those seeking treatment such as weight loss surgery...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#16
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531128/linoleic-acid-a-nutritional-quandary
#17
REVIEW
Ronald J Jandacek
Over the course of the twentieth century, there was a 20-fold increase in consumption of vegetable oils resulting both from their increased availability and from recommendations to consume these oils as an aid to lower blood cholesterol levels. This dietary change markedly increased the consumption of linoleic acid to current levels of approximately 6% of total dietary energy. While considerable research has focused on the effects of dietary linoleic acid on cardiovascular health, questions about optimum dietary levels remain...
May 20, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#18
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530530/is-fish-oil-a-potential-treatment-for-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#19
Mark Anthony Yorek
BACKGROUND: Peripheral neuropathy affects about 50% of the diabetic population. The manifestations range from pain, numbness, paresthesia and ulceration in the extremities and it is the major cause of non-traumatic amputations. Currently there is no effective treatment for peripheral neuropathy. With the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes and associated complications reaching epidemic levels there is a critical need for finding a treatment to preserve nerve function. INTRODUCTION: This article will review the potential for fish oil as a treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy...
May 22, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530326/-serum-thyroglobulin-levels-and-estimated-iodine-intake-in-adults-exposed-to-iodine%C3%A2-diluted-desalinated-drinking-water
#20
Dov Gefel, Svetlana Turkot, Dorit Aharoni, Shlomo Fytlovich, Yaniv S Ovadia
AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe thyroglobulin levels and iodine intake estimations in a convenience sample of Israeli adults without TD in the Ashkelon District, where SWRO desalination has become the major source of drinking water. BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) is a significant risk factor for thyroid disease (TD). Recently, there were increases in both selfreported use of TD medication among Israeli adults and the national use of sea water reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalinated water...
August 2016: Harefuah
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