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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635522/dietary-intake-among-opioid-and-alcohol-using-pregnant-women
#1
Shikhar Shrestha, Elizabeth Jimenez, Laura Garrison, Peter Pribis, Dennis W Raisch, Julia M Stephen, Ludmila N Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse in nonpregnant adults has been associated with increased intake in calories and decreased intake of nutrient-dense foods; however, studies examining dietary intake in opioid-using and alcohol-using pregnant women are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate dietary intake in opioid-using pregnant women with or without concurrent light-to-moderate alcohol use as compared to abstaining controls. METHODS: This prospective birth cohort included 102 pregnant women classified into four study groups: controls (n = 27), medication-assisted treatment (MAT; n = 26), alcohol (ALC; n = 22), and concurrent use of both substances (MAT + ALC; n = 27)...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633691/dietary-gap-assessment-an-approach-for-evaluating-whether-a-country-s-food-supply-can-support-healthy-diets-at-the-population-level
#2
Edye M Kuyper, Reina Engle-Stone, Joanne E Arsenault, Mary Arimond, Katherine P Adams, Kathryn G Dewey
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity, and in particular consumption of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and animal-source foods, is linked to greater nutrient adequacy. We developed a 'dietary gap assessment' to evaluate the degree to which a nation's food supply could support healthy diets at the population level. Design/Setting In the absence of global food-based dietary guidelines, we selected the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an example because there is evidence it prevents diet-related chronic disease and supports adequate micronutrient intakes...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633690/early-solid-additional-feeding-of-suckling-rabbits-from-3-to-15-days-of-age
#3
L Kacsala, Zs Szendrő, Zs Gerencsér, I Radnai, M Kovács, R Kasza, I Nagy, M Odermatt, T Atkári, Zs Matics
Studies have shown that nutrient requirement of suckling kits is not satisfied, but they can be fed a double quantity of milk (double nursing) resulting in improved BW and weight gain. The aim of our trials was to give additional solid feed during the early suckling period (3 to 15 days of age) when rabbit kits drink exclusively milk. Two experiments were conducted with animals from Pannon Rabbit Breeding Program. In experiment 1 (n=77 does, 734 kits) the does received commercial feed (C) or C pellet supplemented with 0...
June 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633392/can-estimation-of-sodium-intake-be-improved-by-borrowing-information-from-other-variables
#4
Lawrence J Appel, David R Jacobs
Estimation of dietary sodium intake is problematic. The most accurate measure is average sodium excretion from multiple 24 hour urine collections, but such an approach is impractical. Using data from the Women's Health Initiative, Prentice and colleagues assessed the relationship of calibrated estimates of sodium and potassium excretion with cardiovascular outcomes. The calibrated estimates are a function of self-reported sodium/potassium ratio from a food frequency questionnaire, age, body mass index, race, supplement use, smoking status, education, income, and aspirin use...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632997/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-pharmacologic-treatment-options
#5
Vignesh Shettar, Sarang Patel, Srividya Kidambi
Prevalence of obesity and its related morbidity have increased to alarming levels in adults and children in the United States and globally. Weight loss results in improvement of much of the obesity-related morbidity. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy form the crux of weight management. However, many individuals need additional assistance (pharmacologic or surgical) to initiate or sustain weight loss. Pharmacologic therapy consists of a number of agents that work by decreasing appetite, gastric emptying, or nutrient absorption or by increasing satiety...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632732/fructo-oligosaccharides-and-intestinal-barrier-function-in-a-methionine-choline-deficient-mouse-model-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#6
Kotaro Matsumoto, Mayuko Ichimura, Koichi Tsuneyama, Yuki Moritoki, Hiromichi Tsunashima, Katsuhisa Omagari, Masumi Hara, Ichiro Yasuda, Hiroshi Miyakawa, Kentaro Kikuchi
Impairments in intestinal barrier function, epithelial mucins, and tight junction proteins have been reported to be associated with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Prebiotic fructo-oligosaccharides restore balance in the gastrointestinal microbiome. This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary fructo-oligosaccharides on intestinal barrier function and steatohepatitis in methionine-choline-deficient mice. Three groups of 12-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were studied for 3 weeks; specifically, mice were fed a methionine-choline-deficient diet, a methionine-choline-deficient diet plus 5% fructo-oligosaccharides in water, or a normal control diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632162/beyond-food-access-the-impact-of-parent-home-and-neighborhood-level-factors-on-children-s-diets
#7
Lauren Futrell Dunaway, Thomas Carton, Ping Ma, Adrienne R Mundorf, Kelsey Keel, Katherine P Theall
Despite the growth in empirical research on neighborhood environmental characteristics and their influence on children's diets, physical activity, and obesity, much remains to be learned, as few have examined the relationship between neighborhood food availability on dietary behavior in children, specifically. This analysis utilized data from a community-based, cross-sectional sample of children (n = 199) that was collected in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 2010. This dataset was linked to food environment data to assess the impact of neighborhood food access as well as household and parent factors on children's diets...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630616/a-plant-based-diet-for-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Trisha Mandes, Anthony Crimarco
The goal of this paper is to review the evidence related to the effect of plant-based dietary patterns on obesity and weight loss, including both observational and intervention trials. Literature from plant-based diets (PBDs) epidemiological and clinical trial research was used to inform this review. In addition, data on dietary quality, adherence, and acceptability were evaluated and are presented. Both clinical trials and observational research indicate an advantage to adoption of PBDs for preventing overweight and obesity and promoting weight loss...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630250/amplification-of-mglu5-endocannabinoid-signaling-rescues-behavioral-and-synaptic-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-adolescent-and-adult-dietary-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-imbalance
#9
Antonia Manduca, Anissa Bara, Thomas Larrieu, Olivier Lassalle, Corinne Joffre, Sophie Layé, Olivier J Manzoni
Energy-dense, yet nutritionally-poor food is a high-risk factor for mental health disorders. This is of particular concern during adolescence, a period often associated with increased consumption of low nutritional content food and higher prevalence of mental health disorders. Indeed, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms linking unhealthy diet and mental disorders. Deficiency in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFAs) is a hallmark of poor nutrition and mood disorders. Here, we developed a mouse model of n-3 PUFAs deficiency lasting from adolescence into adulthood...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629424/evaluation-of-the-international-standardized-24-h-dietary-recall-methodology-globodiet-for-potential-application-in-research-and-surveillance-within-african-settings
#10
Elom Kouassivi Aglago, Edwige Landais, Geneviève Nicolas, Barrie Margetts, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Olaide Aderibigbe, Victoire Damienne Agueh, Paul Amuna, George Amponsah Annor, Jalila El Ati, Jennifer Coates, Brooke Colaiezzi, Ella Compaore, Hélène Delisle, Mieke Faber, Robert Fungo, Inocent Gouado, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Amoin Georgette Konan, Saloua Labzizi, James Ledo, Carol Mahachi, Segametsi Ditshebo Maruapula, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Muniirah Mbabazi, Mandy Wilja Mirembe, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Clement Diby Nzi, Pedro Terrence Pisa, Karima El Rhazi, Francis Zotor, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Collection of reliable and comparable individual food consumption data is of primary importance to better understand, control and monitor malnutrition and its related comorbidities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including in Africa. The lack of standardised dietary tools and their related research support infrastructure remains a major obstacle to implement concerted and region-specific research and action plans worldwide. Citing the magnitude and importance of this challenge, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO) launched the "Global Nutrition Surveillance initiative" to pilot test the use of a standardized 24-h dietary recall research tool (GloboDiet), validated in Europe, in other regions...
June 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629389/cancer-chemoprevention-through-dietary-flavonoids-what-s-limiting
#11
REVIEW
Haneen Amawi, Charles R Ashby, Amit K Tiwari
Flavonoids are polyphenols that are found in numerous edible plant species. Data obtained from preclinical and clinical studies suggest that specific flavonoids are chemo-preventive and cytotoxic against various cancers via a multitude of mechanisms. However, the clinical use of flavonoids is limited due to challenges associated with their effective use, including (1) the isolation and purification of flavonoids from their natural resources; (2) demonstration of the effects of flavonoids in reducing the risk of certain cancer, in tandem with the cost and time needed for epidemiological studies, and (3) numerous pharmacokinetic challenges (e...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628680/current-perspectives-among-u-s-dermatologists-on-chemoprevention-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-survey-based-study
#12
Brittany Oliver, Serena Durrani, Joel L Cohen, Adam J Friedman
<p>Introduction: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy in the US Primary prevention of NMSC with physical photoprotective measures are often not sufficient to impact skin cancer incidence in high-risk individuals. Chemoprevention is the use of agents to prevent, suppress, and reverse carcinogenic progression. Many agents have been investigated, but preclinical and clinical studies are often inconsistent.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess current practices, perceptions, and general knowledge of U...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627203/association-between-meal-intake-behavior-and-blood-pressure-in-spanish-adults
#13
Kristin Keller, Santiago Rodríguez López, Margarita Carmenate Moreno
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Eating frequency has been suggested to modify blood pressure. Yet, the results are inconclusive, possibly because eating frequency, particularly meal intake behavior (MIB), does not differentiate between meals and snacks. Hence, the aim of this study was to examine the association between more specific MIBs, like the consumption of the three main meals, the intake of forenoon and afternoon meals and snacking between the regular meals, and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#14
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627067/a-by-product-of-swine-slaughtering-as-a-protein-source-in-broiler-diets-effects-on-performance-composition-of-excreta-litter-quality-and-on-foot-pad-health
#15
M Kölln, A Loi-Brügger, J Kamphues
Foot pad dermatitis (FPD) is of great concern in poultry industry, and dietary strategies are needed to improve foot pad health because of animal welfare and economic reasons. As the main factor for the development of FPD is the DM content of litter (consisting mainly of excreta; Kamphues et al., 2011), there are different dietary approaches to influence this disease pattern. In two consecutive trials, a total of 200 broilers were kept from day 7 until the 35th day of life. They were divided into four groups at each trial and fed with one of four experimental diets, based on wheat and corn mainly, but differing in the protein source: Group 1 was fed a diet with soya bean meal (SBM) as the main protein source, whereas Group 2, Group 3 and Group 4 were assigned to diets with 4, 8 and 12% of a protein-rich (66...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627054/effect-of-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-supplementation-on-growth-performance-and-intestinal-morphology-in-broiler-chickens
#16
I Khan, H Zaneb, S Masood, M S Yousaf, H F Rehman, H Rehman
Due to public health hazards of subtherapeutic use of antibiotics in poultry feed, there is a need for alternatives. Moringa oleifera is a phytobiotic, which is reported to possess antimicrobial and immuno-modulatory properties. This study aimed to investigate effects of M. oleifera leaf powder (MOLP) supplementation on growth performance and intestinal microarchitecture of broiler chickens. Day-old broiler chicks (n = 100) were randomly divided into five groups with four replicates each having five birds...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626807/the-association-between-western-and-prudent-dietary-patterns-and-fasting-blood-glucose-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-and-normal-glucose-metabolism-in-older-australian-adults
#17
Erin I Walsh, Felice N Jacka, Peter Butterworth, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin
High blood glucose and type 2 diabetes are associated with a range of adverse health and cognitive outcomes. One factor that contributes to high blood glucose and type 2 diabetes is dietary intake. This study investigated the relationship between dietary patterns, fasting blood glucose and diabetes status in a sample of 209 participants aged 60-65. Blood plasma glucose was measured from venous blood samples. Individual Prudent and Western dietary patterns were estimated from a self-completed food frequency questionnaire...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626611/discrimination-factors-of-carbon-and-nitrogen-stable-isotopes-in-meerkat-feces
#18
Shaena Montanari
Stable isotope analysis of feces can provide a non-invasive method for tracking the dietary habits of nearly any mammalian species. While fecal samples are often collected for macroscopic and genetic study, stable isotope analysis can also be applied to expand the knowledge of species-specific dietary ecology. It is somewhat unclear how digestion changes the isotope ratios of animals' diets, so more controlled diet studies are needed. To date, most diet-to-feces controlled stable isotope experiments have been performed on herbivores, so in this study I analyzed the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in the diet and feces of the meerkat (Suricata suricatta), a small omnivorous mammal...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625540/effects-of-breaking-up-sitting-on-adolescents-postprandial-glucose-after-consuming-meals-varying-in-energy-a-cross-over-randomised-trial
#19
Elly A Fletcher, Jo Salmon, Sarah A McNaughton, Liliana Orellana, Glenn D Wadley, Clinton Bruce, Paddy C Dempsey, Kathleen E Lacy, David W Dunstan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of uninterrupted sitting versus sitting with resistance-type activity breaks on adolescents' postprandial glucose responses while consuming a diet varying in energy. DESIGN: Cross-over randomised trial. METHODS: Thirteen healthy participants (16.4±1.3years) completed a four-treatment cross-over trial: (1) uninterrupted sitting+high-energy diet; (2) sitting with breaks+high-energy diet; (3) uninterrupted sitting+standard-energy diet; and (4) sitting with breaks+standard-energy diet...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625335/provision-of-information-to-consumers-about-the-calorie-content-of-alcoholic-drinks-did-the-responsibility-deal-pledge-by-alcohol-retailers-and-producers-increase-the-availability-of-calorie-information
#20
M Petticrew, N Douglas, C Knai, N Maani Hessari, M A Durand, E Eastmure, N Mays
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a significant source of dietary calories and is a contributor to obesity. Industry pledges to provide calorie information to consumers have been cited as reasons for not introducing mandatory ingredient labelling. As part of the Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) in England, alcohol retailers and producers committed to providing consumers with information on the calorie content of alcoholic drinks. This study examines what was achieved following this commitment and considers the implications for current industry commitments to provide information on alcohol calories...
May 27, 2017: Public Health
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