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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813030/an-overview-of-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-lifestyle-modification-programs-for-weight-management-in-adults
#1
REVIEW
Alice W Y Leung, Ruth S M Chan, Mandy M M Sea, Jean Woo
This review aims to provide an overview of the factors associated with adherence reported in existing literature on lifestyle modification programs for weight management among the adult population. An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLE to identify studies that examined the factors of adherence to lifestyle modification programs with explicit definition of adherence indicators. We identified 19 studies published between 2004 and 2016. The most commonly used indicator of adherence was attrition, followed by attendance, self-monitoring and dietary adherence...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812189/nutrient-intake-of-swiss-toddlers
#2
Thomas A Brunner, Luca Casetti, Petra Haueter, Pascal Müller, Andreas Nydegger, Johannes Spalinger
PURPOSE: During the first years of life, food preferences are shaped that might last throughout a person's entire life affecting his/her health in the long term. However, knowledge on early feeding habits is still limited for toddlers. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to: (1) assess toddlers' nutrient intake; (2) compare the findings to past studies as well as to national feeding recommendations and (3) identify major food sources for energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A food survey using a 4-day diary was conducted...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811828/nonvitamin-nonmineral-dietary-supplement-use-among-adults-with-fibromyalgia-united-states-2007-2012
#3
Termeh Feinberg, Christa Lilly, Kim Innes
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FMS) is a pain condition affecting 2-6% of US adults; effective treatment remains limited. Determinants of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplement (NVNM) use among adults with FMS are not well-studied. We investigated the relation of NVNM use to FMS, and trends, in two nationally representative samples of US adults ≥18 years. METHODS: Data were drawn from 2007 and 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (N's = 20127 and 30672, resp.)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810024/effect-of-an-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Mette Yun Johansen, Christopher Scott MacDonald, Katrine Bagge Hansen, Kristian Karstoft, Robin Christensen, Maria Pedersen, Louise Seier Hansen, Morten Zacho, Anne-Sophie Wedell-Neergaard, Signe Tellerup Nielsen, Ulrik Wining Iepsen, Henning Langberg, Allan Arthur Vaag, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Mathias Ried-Larsen
Importance: It is unclear whether a lifestyle intervention can maintain glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Objective: To test whether an intensive lifestyle intervention results in equivalent glycemic control compared with standard care and, secondarily, leads to a reduction in glucose-lowering medication in participants with type 2 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized, assessor-blinded, single-center study within Region Zealand and the Capital Region of Denmark (April 2015-August 2016)...
August 15, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809867/-risk-perception-and-biological-parameters-related-to-obesity-in-a-sample-population-of-the-city-of-rome-italy-nurses-contribution-to-supporting-health-related-decisions
#5
Eduardo Mazza, Daniele I La Milia, Caterina Galletti, Stefano Gambioli, Umberto Moscato, Gianfranco Damiani, Patrizia Laurenti
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major public health problem because it is a risk factor for various chronic diseases and its incidence is constantly increasing due to changes in diet and lifestyle. In Italy, studies show that 32% of the population aged between 18 and 69 years is overweight and 10% is obese. The aim of this study was to measure the anthropometric characteristics of a sample population of the city of Rome (Italy) and correlate these with dietary habits and socio-demographic characteristics of participants in order to evaluate their specific health and educational needs...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807637/a-need-for-empirical-evidence-concerning-the-accuracy-of-joint-parent-child-reports-of-children-s-dietary-intake
#6
Suzanne D Baxter, Caroline H Guinn, Albert F Smith, Julie A Royer, David B Hitchcock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806418/seasonality-affects-dietary-diversity-of-school-age-children-in-northern-ghana
#7
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is relatively easy to measure and is shown to be a very useful indicator of the probability of adequate micronutrient intake. Dietary diversity, however, is usually assessed during a single period and little is known about the effect of seasonality on it. This study investigates whether dietary diversity is influenced by seasonality. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two different seasons-dry season (October 2010) and rainy season (May 2011) among the same school-age children (SAC) in two rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806407/low-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-improves-symptoms-in-adults-suffering-from-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-compared-to-standard-ibs-diet-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-studies
#8
Péter Varjú, Nelli Farkas, Péter Hegyi, András Garami, Imre Szabó, Anita Illés, Margit Solymár, Áron Vincze, Márta Balaskó, Gabriella Pár, Judit Bajor, Ákos Szűcs, Orsolya Huszár, Dániel Pécsi, József Czimmer
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional digestive tract disorders, e.g. functional bloating, carbohydrate maldigestion and intolerances, are very common disorders frequently causing significant symptoms that challenge health care systems. A low Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols (FODMAP) diet is one of the possible therapeutic approaches for decreasing abdominal symptoms and improving quality of life. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to meta-analyze data on the therapeutic effect of a low-FODMAP diet on symptoms of IBS and quality of life and compare its effectiveness to a regular, standard IBS diet with high FODMAP content, using a common scoring system, the IBS Symptom Severity Score (IBS-SSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806179/interpreting-magnesium-status-to-enhance-clinical-care-key-indicators
#9
Rebecca B Costello, Forrest Nielsen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To update advances in identifying factors affecting magnesium (Mg) status that assist in providing improved evidence-based clinical decision-making for assessing Mg status. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings from recent cohort studies, small randomized control trials, and multiple meta-analyses reinforce earlier work that serum Mg concentrations, urinary Mg excretion, and Mg dietary intakes are inversely associated with cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804727/development-of-a-prediction-model-for-stress-fracture-during-an-intensive-physical-training-program-the-royal-marines-commandos
#10
Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Trish Davey, Kirsten M Leyland, Adrian J Allsopp, Susan A Lanham-New, Andrew Judge, Nigel K Arden, Joanne L Fallowfield
BACKGROUND: Stress fractures (SFs) are one of the more severe overuse injuries in military training, and therefore, knowledge of potential risk factors is needed to assist in developing mitigating strategies. PURPOSE: To develop a prediction model for risk of SF in Royal Marines (RM) recruits during an arduous military training program. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: RM recruits (N = 1082; age range, 16-33 years) who enrolled between September 2009 and July 2010 were prospectively followed through the 32-week RM training program...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803880/vitamin-d-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-and-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Aya Mousa, Negar Naderpoor, Maximilian P J de Courten, Barbora de Courten
Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may contribute to increased risk of depression. However, previous studies are limited by variability in participant characteristics including vitamin D deficiency status and presence of existing diseases, use of low doses of vitamin D supplementation for short durations, and use of co-interventions or psychotropic drugs. We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were associated with symptoms of depression, as well as whether vitamin D supplementation reduced symptoms of depression in overweight or obese and vitamin D-deficient, but otherwise healthy adults...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803598/adapting-the-standardised-computer-and-interview-based-24-h-dietary-recall-method-globodiet-for-dietary-monitoring-in-latin-america
#12
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Viktoria Knaze, Genevieve Nicolas, Dirce M Marchioni, Josiane Steluti, Aline Mendes, Sandra P Crispim, Regina M Fisberg, Rosangela A Pereira, Marina C Araujo, Rosely Sichieri, Edna M Yokoo, Tania Sánchez-Pimienta, Tania C Aburto, Lilia S Pedraza, Nadia Slimani
OBJECTIVE: The present study describes the procedure and approaches needed to adapt and harmonise the GloboDiet methodology, a computer- and interview-based 24 h dietary recall, for use in two Latin American pilot countries, Brazil and Mexico. DESIGN: About seventy common and country-specific databases on foods, recipes, dietary supplements, quantification methods and coefficients were customised and translated following standardised guidelines, starting from existing Spanish and Portuguese versions...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803594/does-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-reduce-asthma-symptoms-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#13
Maria M Papamichael, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Nugroho H Susanto, Bircan Erbas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present systematic review was to synthesize evidence from the literature to assess efficacy of the Mediterranean dietary pattern in childhood asthma. Design/Setting A systematic search of six databases, three clinical trial registries and hand-search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted up to 29 October 2016. Inclusion criteria included exposure to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, measurement of asthma symptoms and study population of children aged <18 years...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803581/nutrition-facts-panel-use-is-associated-with-diet-quality-and-dietary-patterns-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Grace Kollannoor-Samuel, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Fatma M Shebl, Nicola L Hawley, Grace Damio, Jyoti Chhabra, Sonia Vega-López, Maria Luz Fernandez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to (i) identify determinants of Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP) use and (ii) describe the association between NFP use and dietary intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Baseline cross-sectional data from a clinical trial were used to assess the association between NFP use and dietary intake. Diet was measured using two methods: (i) a diet quality score (the Healthy Eating Index-2010) derived from a single 24 h recall and (ii) dietary pattern (exploratory factor analyses) from an FFQ...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803558/global-comparison-of-national-individual-food-consumption-surveys-as-a-basis-for-health-research-and-integration-in-national-health-surveillance-programmes
#15
Inge Huybrechts, Elom K Aglago, Amy Mullee, Willem De Keyzer, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Agnieszka Balcerzak, Francis B Zotor, Marc J Gunter
Individual food consumption surveys (IFCS) are performed to evaluate compliance with food/nutrient intake requirements or exposure to potential harmful dietary contaminants/components. In this review, we inventoried methods and designs used in national IFCS and discussed the methodologies applied across countries. Literature searches were performed using fixed sets of search terms in different online databases. We identified IFCS in thirty-nine countries from six world continents. National IFCS systems are available in most of the high-income countries, while such surveys are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (e...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802574/-doing-our-best-to-keep-a-routine-how-low-income-mothers-manage-child-feeding-with-unpredictable-work-and-family-schedules
#16
Tara Agrawal, Tracy Jean Farrell, Elaine Wethington, Carol M Devine
Significant changes in work and family conditions over the last three decades have important implications for understanding how young children are fed. The new conditions of work and family have placed pressures on families. The aim of this study was to explore the work and family pressures shaping the ways parents feed their young children on a day-to-day basis. Twenty-two purposively recruited low-income employed mothers of 3-4 year old children from a rural county Head Start program in Upstate New York reported details about the context of their children's eating episodes in a 24-h qualitative dietary recall...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800894/examining-unanswered-questions-about-the-home-environment-and-childhood-obesity-disparities-using-an-incremental-mixed-methods-longitudinal-study-design-the-family-matters-study
#17
Jerica M Berge, Amanda Trofholz, Allan Tate, Maureen Beebe, Angela Fertig, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
There are disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity for children from low-income and minority households. Mixed-methods studies that examine home environments in an in-depth manner are needed to identify potential mechanisms driving childhood obesity disparities that have not been examined in prior research. The Family Matters study aims to identify risk and protective factors for childhood obesity in low-income and minority households through a two-phased incremental, mixed-methods, and longitudinal approach...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800770/knowledge-of-pharmacy-students-about-doping-and-the-need-for-doping-education-a-questionnaire-survey
#18
Keita Shibata, Koichi Ichikawa, Naomi Kurata
BACKGROUND: Anti-doping activities are carried out on a global scale. Based on these activities, the specialty of "sports pharmacist," which entails a deeper comprehension of doping, use of supplements, and appropriate drug use for athletes, was established in 2009 in Japan. It is difficult to say whether the education on doping is adequate for pharmacy students who will be eligible to become sports pharmacists. It is also unclear how well these students understand doping. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate pharmacy students' current knowledge of appropriate drug use, doping and use of supplements, and to explore the need for further education on these topics...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799845/how-does-young-women-s-weight-perception-affect-their-nutrient-intake-korean-young-women-s-dietary-consumption-and-nutritional-deficiency
#19
Seonglim Lee, Jaehye Suk, Minjeong Kim, Hyesun Hwang
We investigated the relationship between Korean young women's weight perception and nutritional deficiency to understand the effect of culturally fostered ideals of women's bodies on dietary life. We analyzed 585 participants' responses from the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey by using logistic regressions. Women who overestimated their weight were more likely to suffer from nutritional deficiency. Overestimating weight was significantly associated with increased relative risks of deficient carbohydrate and protein intake...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799798/abstracts-from-dietetic-research-event-june-8-and-9-2017
#20
(no author information available yet)
St John's, Newfoundland was the host city of the 2017 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2017 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts included: Clinical Research; Community-based Nutritional Care; Determinants of Food Choice; Dietary Intake; Dietetic Practice and Education; Food Security; Nutrition and Health Education; Nutritional Assessment and Therapy; Nutrition Attitudes; Nutrition Strategy Development Patient Services; Professional Development; Vulnerable Groups and their Nutritional Needs; and, Wellness and Public Health...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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