keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dietary needs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786802/-treatment-with-neurostimulation-and-ketogenic-diet-for-people-with-medically-refractory-epilepsy
#1
Eva Kumlien, Tove Hallbook, Maria Dahlin
For some people with medically refractory epilepsy adjunct treatment with neurostimulation and ketogenic diet can be an option. Vagal nerve stimulation, VNS, consists of chronic intermittent electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve. VNS is effective and well tolerated in adolescents and adults. There is insufficient evidence on the efficacy of deep brain stimulation, DBS, and brain-responsive neurostimulation, RNS. Ketogenic diet is an established treatment in epilepsy with an increased number of indications, especially in neurometabolic diseases, where dietary therapy can completely eliminate epilepsy and improve cognitive and motor development...
May 22, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786586/-eating-habits-of-the-youth-from-ruda-slaska
#2
Anita Bielawska, Katarzyna Tomczyk, Brygida Adamek, Barbara Rybus-Kalinowska, Jakub Warakomski, Beata Łabuz-Roszak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, interests on dietary and health food have grown considerably. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits determined in the youth have an impact on the health condition in adulthood. The aim: To evaluate the eating habits in the population of young people from Silesian province. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted in the group of high school students aged 17-21 years coming from Silesian province, randomly chosen from high schools in Ruda Slaska...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#3
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783630/does-molimina-indicate-ovulation-prospective-data-in-a-hormonally-documented-single-cycle-in-spontaneously-menstruating-women
#4
Jerilynn C Prior, Chiaki Konishi, Christine L Hitchcock, Elaine Kingwell, Patti Janssen, Anthony P Cheung, Nichole Fairbrother, Azita Goshtasebi
Approximately 33% of normal-length (21⁻35 days) cycles have subclinical ovulatory disturbances and lack sufficient progesterone, although their normal length ensures enough estrogen. Subclinical ovulatory disturbances are related to significant premenopausal spine bone loss (-0.86%/year). Molimina, non-distressing premenstrual experiences, may detect ovulation within normal-length cycles. This prospective study assessed the relationship between molimina and ovulation. After 1-cycle of daily diary and first morning urine collections, women answered the Molimina Question (MQ): " Can you tell by the way you feel that your period is coming? " and were invited to share (a) predictive premenstrual experience(s)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783622/risk-mitigation-for-immunocompromised-consumers-of-mucormycete-spoiled-and-fermented-foods-germain-guidance-and-remaining-needs
#5
REVIEW
Abigail B Snyder, Randy W Worobo
Mucoralean invasive fungal infections, while unusual among the general population, have a high mortality rate among immunocompromised individuals who become infected. They are also common spoilage organisms in cultured dairy products, some fresh produce, and baked goods. Additionally, Mucor and Rhizopus spp. are utilized in the production of traditional fermented foods including mold ripened cheeses and fermented soy products. The risk that consumption of these foods poses to immunocompromised consumers has been previously identified...
May 18, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782898/incorporation-of-absorption-and-metabolism-into-liver-toxicity-prediction-for-phytochemicals-a-tiered-in-silico-qsar-approach
#6
Yitong Liu
An increased use of herbal dietary supplements has been associated with adverse liver effects such as elevated serum enzymes and liver failure. The safety assessment for herbal dietary supplements is challenging since they often contain complex mixtures of phytochemicals, most of which have unknown pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties. Rapid tools are needed to evaluate large numbers of phytochemicals for potential liver toxicity. The current study demonstrates a tiered approach combining identification of phytochemicals in liver toxic botanicals, followed by in silico quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) evaluation of these phytochemicals for absorption (e...
May 18, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782640/drug-gut-microbiota-interactions-implications-for-neuropharmacology
#7
REVIEW
Jacinta Walsh, Brendan T Griffin, Gerard Clarke, Niall P Hyland
The fate and activity of drugs are frequently dictated not only by the host per se but also by the microorganisms present in the gastrointestinal tract. The gut microbiome is known to, both directly and indirectly, affect drug metabolism. More evidence now hints at the impact that drugs can have on the function and composition of the gut microbiome. Both microbiota-mediated alterations in drug metabolism and drug-mediated alterations in the gut microbiome can have beneficial or detrimental effects on the host...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781353/clinical-trials-with-multiple-endpoints-can-establish-a-correlation-but-not-yet-causality-between-dietary-supplementation-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca
#8
Roger Lee Mendoza
AIM: We review clinical evidence of therapeutic efficacy and effectiveness of omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3s) in keratoconjunctivitis sicca, colloquially known as dry eye disease. In doing so, we identify relevant literature to address the following questions: 1) What definitive guidance can clinical evidence offer eye physicians and their patients? 2) What aspects of omega-3 supplementation lack definitive evidence, and how might economic assessments help? METHODS: A targeted and systematic search strategy based on PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) was designed in this study for refereed clinical trials of omega-3s in dry eye treatment...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780808/real-time-observations-of-food-and-fluid-timing-during-a-120-km-ultramarathon
#9
Floris C Wardenaar, Daan Hoogervorst, Joline J Versteegen, Nancy van der Burg, Karin J Lambrechtse, Coen C W G Bongers
The aim of the present case study was to use real-time observations to investigate ultramarathon runners' timing of food and fluid intake per 15 km and per hour, and total bodyweight loss due to dehydration. The study included 5 male ultramarathon runners observed during a 120 km race. The research team members followed on a bicycle and continuously observed their dietary intake using action cameras. Hourly carbohydrate intake ranged between 22.1 and 62.6 g/h, and fluid intake varied between 260 and 603 mL/h...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779673/how-food-rules-at-home-influence-independent-adolescent-food-choices
#10
Jennifer Wang, Priya Fielding-Singh
PURPOSE: The prevalence of unhealthy dietary behaviors among adolescents is high. We examined the effect of having health-oriented food rules at home on the healthiness of adolescents' independent food choices, and the necessity of parental oversight for such rules to be effective. METHODS: We surveyed a socioeconomically and racially diverse San Francisco Bay Area public high school in May 2017 (N = 1,246). We used ordinal logistic regressions to assess the relationships between adolescent-reported presence of health-oriented food rules at home and the healthiness of snacks selected by adolescents in a raffle, which included a randomized controlled experiment to manipulate the level of parental approval students needed to pick up their snacks...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#11
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#12
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778665/a-novel-system-to-quantify-intestinal-lipid-digestion-and-transport
#13
Øystein Sæle, Kari Elin L Rød, Vanessa H Quinlivan, Shengrong Li, Steven A Farber
The zebrafish larva is a powerful tool for the study of dietary triglyceride (TG) digestion and how fatty acids (FA) derived from dietary lipids are absorbed, metabolized and distributed to the body. While fluorescent FA analogues have enabled visualization of FA metabolism, methods for specifically assaying TG digestion are badly needed. Here we present a novel High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method that quantitatively differentiates TG and phospholipid (PL) molecules with one or two fluorescent FA analogues...
May 17, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777041/evolving-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Arie Levine, Rotem Sigall Boneh, Eytan Wine
Recent advances in basic and clinical science over the last 3 years have dramatically altered our appreciation of the role of diet in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The marked increase in incidence of these diseases along with the important role of non-genetic susceptibility among patients with IBD has highlighted that these diseases have a strong environmental component. Progress in the field of microbiome and IBD has demonstrated that microbiome appears to play an important role in pathogenesis, and that diet may in turn impact the composition and functionality of the microbiome...
May 18, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776365/nutrient-intake-disparities-in-the-us-modeling-the-effect-of-food-substitutions
#16
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775592/dietary-and-microbial-oxazoles-induce-intestinal-inflammation-by-modulating-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-responses
#17
Shankar S Iyer, Thomas Gensollen, Amit Gandhi, Sungwhan F Oh, Joana F Neves, Frederic Collin, Richard Lavin, Carme Serra, Jonathan Glickman, Punyanganie S A de Silva, R Balfour Sartor, Gurdyal Besra, Russell Hauser, Anthony Maxwell, Amadeu Llebaria, Richard S Blumberg
Genome-wide association studies have identified risk loci associated with the development of inflammatory bowel disease, while epidemiological studies have emphasized that pathogenesis likely involves host interactions with environmental elements whose source and structure need to be defined. Here, we identify a class of compounds derived from dietary, microbial, and industrial sources that are characterized by the presence of a five-membered oxazole ring and induce CD1d-dependent intestinal inflammation. We observe that minimal oxazole structures modulate natural killer T cell-dependent inflammation by regulating lipid antigen presentation by CD1d on intestinal epithelial cells (IECs)...
May 17, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774776/memory-deficit-in-an-object-location-task-after-mild-tbi-is-associated-with-impaired-early-object-exploration-and-both-are-restored-by-branched-chain-amino-acid-dietary-therapy
#18
Rosalia Paterno, Hannah Metheny, Akiva S Cohen
The relation between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and memory dysfunction is well established, yet imprecise. Here, we investigate whether mild TBI causes a specific deficit in spatial episodic memory. Fifty-eight (29 TBI, 29 Sham) mice were run in a spatial recognition task. To determine which phase of memory might be affected in our task, we assessed rodent performance at three different delay times (3 min, 1 hour, and 24 hours). We found that sham and TBI mice performed equally well at 3 minutes, but TBI mice had significantly impaired spatial recognition memory after a delay time of one hour...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774588/patient-involvement-is-essential-in-identifying-drug-related-problems
#19
Heini Kari, Hanna Kortejärvi, Marja Airaksinen, Raisa Laaksonen
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate how critical patient involvement is in pharmacist-led clinical medication reviews (CMRs) and in identifying the most significant clinical drug-related problems (DRPs). METHODS: Pharmacist-led CMRs were conducted with 161 consenting patients aged >75 years with 7+ prescribed medicines, living independently at home in Finland. A pharmacist, a nurse and a physician evaluated the clinical significance of the DRPs identified during the patient interview at an interprofessional case conference...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774337/fermentation-alters-the-bioaccessible-phenolic-compounds-and-increases-the-alpha-glucosidase-inhibitory-effects-of-aronia-juice-in-a-dairy-matrix-following-in-vitro-digestion
#20
Xue Du, Angela D Myracle
The prevalence of diabetes reached 415 million worldwide in 2015. Polyphenol-rich food intake can benefit the glycemic control for individuals with diabetes. Fermentation may increase the bioavailability of polyphenols, which is generally low. Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) is a polyphenol-rich berry that is native to North America. Proanthocyanins and anthocyanins are the major phenolic compounds in aronia. In this study, aronia kefir was made by fermenting cow's milk with added aronia juice. The changes in bioaccessible polyphenols of aronia kefir during digestion were assessed using an in vitro model...
May 18, 2018: Food & Function
keyword
keyword
66965
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"