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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528370/systematic-radiographic-evaluation-of-three-potential-implantation-sites-for-a-semi-implantable-bone-conduction-device-in-52-patients-after-previous-mastoid-surgery
#1
Bernhard G Weiss, Mattis Bertlich, Rebecka Scheele, Martin Canis, Mark Jakob, Jan M Sohns, Friedrich Ihler
The aim of this study was the evaluation of three localizations for the implantation of a semi-implantable transcutaneous bone conduction device after previous mastoid surgery. This is a retrospective review of electronic datasets of cranial computed tomography studies. The study setting is one tertiary referral center and included 52 consecutive adult patients (60 temporal bones) with a history of mastoid surgery. The intervention was virtual placement of the device with a planning software within the remaining mastoid as well as dorsal of the sigmoid sinus and caudal of the transverse sinus (retrosigmoidal localization) and dorsocranial of the parietomastoid suture and cranial of the transverse sinus (parietal localization)...
May 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527841/a-comparison-of-2-and-3-dimensional-healing-assessment-after-endodontic-surgery-using-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-volumes-or-periapical-radiographs
#2
Tom Schloss, David Sonntag, Meetu R Kohli, Frank C Setzer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the assessment of healing after endodontic microsurgery using 2-dimensional (2D) periapical films versus 3-dimensional (3D) cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging. METHODS: The healing of 51 teeth from 44 patients was evaluated using Molven's criteria (2D) and modified PENN 3D criteria. The absolute area (2D) and volume (3D) changes of apical lesions preoperatively and at follow-up were calculated by segmentation using OsiriX software (Pixmeo, Bernex, Switzerland) and ITK-Snap (free software)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527552/postoperative-instructions-preoperatively-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-teaching-model-on-patient-satisfaction-regarding-instructions-for-home-care
#3
Jennifer Hovsepian, Cheryl McGah, Claire O'Brien
Patients in the ambulatory setting often receive home care instructions, primarily in the postoperative phase. Patient's retention and understanding of these instructions is one determinant of postoperative outcomes. This article highlights how we designed and implemented a teaching strategy to better prepare patients for discharge from an ambulatory surgical setting. Our methods included developing a day of surgery plan for teaching patients their discharge instructions upon arrival, creating on-line teaching videos, and revising post discharge pain medication instructions...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527544/a-prospective-study-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#4
Susan W Wesmiller, Catherine M Bender, Yvette P Conley, Dana H Bovbjerg, Gretchen Ahrendt, Marguerite Bonaventura, Susan M Sereika
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) continue to be common and disturbing complications experienced after surgery, particularly in women and especially in women undergoing breast cancer surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and risk factors associated with PONV and PDNV from preoperative to 48 hours postoperatively in 97 women scheduled for breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative design...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527155/status-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-china-a-national-survey
#5
Shibo Lin, Wei Guan, Pankaj Hans, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a favorable bariatric procedure. This study evaluated the status of LSG in China. METHODS: During the 4(th) International Forum of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in May 2016, Nanjing China, an on-the-spot questionnaire was filled out by 105 attending surgeons with experience of LSG. The feedback data was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: For preoperative preparations, surgeons preferred blood glucose control with insulin (61...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527031/choroidal-thickness-in-chronic-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-before-and-after-surgery-and-comparison-with-acute-cases
#6
Isil Sayman Muslubas, Mumin Hocaoglu, Mehmet Giray Ersoz, Serra Arf, Murat Karacorlu
PURPOSE: To evaluate subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) in cases with chronic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), before and after pars plana vitrectomy, and cases with acute RRD using optical coherence tomography. METHODS: This retrospective study included 24 eyes with chronic RRD and 26 eyes with recent-onset RRD. Best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and SCT were measured and compared between the two groups. Of 24 eyes with chronic RRD, 11 had primary pars plana vitrectomy...
May 19, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527004/comparative-volumetric-analysis-of-the-extent-of-resection-of-molecularly-and-histologically-distinct-low-grade-gliomas-and-its-role-on-survival
#7
Chikezie I Eseonu, Francisco Eguia, Karim ReFaey, Oscar Garcia, Fausto J Rodriguez, Kaisorn Chaichana, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
The authors investigate the role of extent of resection (EOR) and genetic markers on patient outcome and survival for LGGs. We conducted a retrospective cohort between 2005 and 2015, of 109 adult patients who underwent surgery for a LGG by a single surgeon. Volumetric computations of MRI studies were conducted to evaluate the EOR, and genetic markers (IDH1, 1p/19q co-deletion, and p53) were assessed and their effects on survival and neurological outcome were evaluated. The median EOR was 88.1%. Permanent postoperative neurological deficits were seen in 4...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526961/simultaneous-conversion-of-gastric-band-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-associated-with-increased-postoperative-complications-an-analysis-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#8
Zachary C Dietch, Bruce D Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has gained popularity for the treatment of morbid obesity as gastric banding (BAND) has fallen out of favor. As a result, simultaneous conversion (CONV) of BAND to LSG is commonly performed. We hypothesized that CONV is associated with higher 30-day risk-adjusted serious morbidity. METHODS: Preoperative characteristics and 30-day outcomes from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant Use Files 2010-2014 were selected for patients who underwent LSG...
May 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526604/extramural-perineural-invasion-in-pt3-and-pt4-rectal-adenocarcinoma-as-prognostic-factor-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy
#9
Leonardo S Lino-Silva, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernández, Alejandro España-Ferrufino, Erika B Ruiz-García, Miguel Ruiz-Campos, Alberto M León-Takahashi, Abelardo Meneses-García
Perineural invasion (PNI) is widely studied in malignant tumors, and its prognostic significance is well demonstrated in the head and neck and prostate carcinomas, but its significance in rectal cancer is controversial. Most studies have focused on evaluating mural PNI (mPNI); however, extramural PNI (ePNI) may influence the prognosis after rectal cancer resection. We evaluated the prognostic value of ePNI compared with mPNI and with non-PNI, in rectal resections after preoperative chemoradiotherapy in 148 patients with pT3 and pT4 rectal carcinomas...
May 16, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526568/analysis-of-complications-following-posterior-vertebral-column-resection-for-the-treatment-of-severe-angular-kyphosis-greater-than-100%C3%A2
#10
Yunus Atici, Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, Deniz Kargin, Muhammed Mert, Akif Albayrak, Mehmet Akif Kaygusuz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications, efficacy and safety of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) in severe angular kyphosis (SAK) greater than 100°. METHODS: The medical records of 17 patients (mean age 17.9 (range, 9-27) years) with SAK who underwent PVCR, were reviewed. Mean follow-up period was 32.2 (range, 24-64) months. Diagnosis of the patients included congenital kyphosis in 11 patients, post-tuberculosis kyphosis in 3 patients and neurofibromatosis in 3 patients...
May 16, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526500/pulmonary-function-tests-do-not-predict-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#11
Edo K S Bedzra, Todd F Dardas, Richard K Cheng, Jay D Pal, Claudius Mahr, Jason W Smith, Kent Shively, S Carolina Masri, Wayne C Levy, Nahush A Mokadam
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of pulmonary function testing on outcomes after continuous flow left ventricular assist device implantation. METHODS: A total of 263 and 239 patients, respectively, had tests of forced expiratory volume in 1 second and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide preoperatively for left ventricular assist device implantations between July 2005 and September 2015. Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariable Cox regressions were performed to evaluate mortality...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526236/management-of-severe-valgus-knee-by-total-unconstrained-arthroplasty-a-comparative-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#12
X Paredes-Carnero, A B Fernández-Cortiñas, J Escobar, J M Galdo, J G Babé
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of unconstrained implants in the correction of large valgus deformities using total knee arthroplasty (TKA). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 817 primary TKA operated between 1998 and 2006 were retrospectively assessed. 50 TKA were selected (group A) in 49 patients, with a minimum deformity of 15° of valgus, 41 cases were included. Another 50 ATR were selected (group B), with a maximum deformity of 15° of varus, finally including 44 cases in 42 patients...
May 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525894/postoperative-cyfra-21-1-and-cea-as-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-stage-i-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma
#13
Ying He, Yong Cui, Dong Chang, Tianyou Wang
BACKGROUND: Patients with pathological stage I pulmonary adenocarcinoma have different postoperative prognosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative and postoperative serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CYFRA 21-1 in patients with pathological stage I pulmonary adenocarcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 123 patients who had undergone a complete resection for pathological stage I pulmonary adenocarcinoma between 2004 and 2014...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525608/surgical-resection-for-advanced-lung-cancer-using-the-hemi-clamshell-approach
#14
Yasushi Shintani, Ryu Kanzaki, Tomohiro Kawamura, Soichiro Funaki, Masato Minami, Meinoshin Okumura, Eiji Okura, Yoshihisa Kadota, Mitsunori Ohta
OBJECTIVES: The hemi-clamshell (HCS) approach consists of partial sternotomy with antero-lateral thoracotomy. This study evaluated the utilities and outcomes of the HCS approach in advanced lung cancer patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 45 patients who underwent surgery for advanced lung cancer via the HCS procedure between 2000 and 2014, the indications for surgery being tumour invasion extending to the aorta arch in 5, descending aorta in 9, main pulmonary artery in 5, superior vena cava in 6, right or left atrium in 4, apical thoracic dome in 7 patients and mediastinal lymphadenopathy for left-sided lung cancer in 12...
May 19, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525494/optimal-entry-point-and-trajectory-for-anterior-c1-lateral-mass-screw
#15
Yong Hu, Wei-Xin Dong, William Ryan Spiker, Zhen-Shan Yuan, Xiao-Yang Sun, Jiao Zhang, Hui Xie, Todd J Albert
STUDY DESIGN: A radiographic analysis of the anatomy of the C1 lateral mass using computed tomography (CT) scans and Mimics software. OBJECTIVE: To define the anatomy of the C1 lateral mass and make recommendations for optimal entry point and trajectory for anterior C1 lateral mass screws. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although various posterior insertion angles and entry points for screw insertion have been proposed for posterior C1 lateral mass screws, no large series have been performed to assess the ideal entry point and optimal trajectory for anterior C1 lateral mass screw placement...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525489/minimum-5-year-follow-up-results-for-occipitocervical-fusion-using-the-screw-rod-system-in-craniocervical-instability
#16
Kei Ando, Shiro Imagama, Zenya Ito, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Hideki Yagi, Ryuichi Shinjo, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of patients who had undergone occipitocervical (OC) fusion using pedicle screws and rods over a minimum 5-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few studies have evaluated occipitocervical (OC) fusion using pedicle screws and rods for long-term follow-up. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients treated underwent posterior OC fusion using pedicle screws and rods over a minimum 5-year follow-up...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525487/metabolic-imaging-using-proton-magnetic-spectroscopy-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-after-surgery-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#17
Langston T Holly, Benjamin M Ellingson, Noriko Salamon
STUDY DESIGN: A single-center magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) imaging and surgical outcome study involving 16 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we assess the utility of MRS to quantify metabolic changes within the spinal cord and predict surgical outcome in CSM patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MRS is an advanced spinal imaging modality that can provide pertinent metabolic and biochemical information regarding spinal cord function...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525482/artificial-cervical-disk-replacement-for-the-treatment-of-adjacent-segment-disease-after-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion
#18
Sheng Bin, Huang Xiangwang, Xiao Sheng, Xiang Tiecheng, Liu Xiangyang, Zhang Yi, Liu Bin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of artificial cervical disk replacement (ACDR) for the treatment of adjacent segment disease (ASD) after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is the useful procedure for degenerative cervical diseases. However, studies have reported accelerated degeneration of functional spinal units adjacent to the fusion site after ACDF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2004 and January 2011, 32 inpatients (18 male, 14 female; age, 38-61 y; mean, 48 y) underwent ACDR for the treatment of ASD after previous ACDF (single-level: n=12; 2-level: n=15; 3-level: n=5)...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525479/outcome-of-bilateral-c1-laminar-hooks-combined-with-c2-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-c1-c2-instability-a-report-of-18-cases-from-a-single-chinese-center
#19
Lifeng Lao, Guibin Zhong, Qianyi Li, Xinfeng Li, Bin Chen, Lie Qian, Zude Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective technical report. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of bilateral C1 laminar hooks combined with C2 pedicle screw fixation for the treatment of C1-C2 instability. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Various posterior atlantoaxial fixations for C1-C2 instability have been developed. However, due to anatomic anomalies of the vertebral artery, the smallness of the pedicle, trajectories of broken screws, or a lack of surgical experience, a simple atlantoaxial fixation technique with good safety and effectiveness is urgently needed...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525471/cervical-disk-replacement-with-discover-versus-fusion-in-a-single-level-cervical-disk-disease-a-prospective-single-center-randomized-trial-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#20
Marjan Rožanković, Sergej M Marasanov, Miroslav Vukić
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcome after Discover arthroplasty versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in patients treated for symptomatic single-level cervical disk disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is still the gold standard for surgical treatment of cervical spine degenerative disk disease. However, results of many studies suggest that it may cause degenerative changes at levels immediately above and below the fusion, known as adjacent segment degenerative disease...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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