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Preoperative evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936121/impact-of-reclassification-on-thyroid-nodules-with-architectural-atypia-from-non-invasive-encapsulated-follicular-variant-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas-to-non-invasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features
#1
Min Ji Jeon, Dong Eun Song, Chan Kwon Jung, Won Gu Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Yu-Mi Lee, Tae-Yon Sung, Jong Ho Yoon, Ki-Wook Chung, Suck Joon Hong, Jung Hwan Baek, Jeong Hyun Lee, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
BACKGROUND: The follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer (FVPTC), especially the encapsulated non-invasive subtype, is a controversial entity. Recent study suggested using 'non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP)' for these indolent carcinomas. We evaluated the impact of reclassification from non-invasive encapsulated FVPTCs (EFVPTCs) to NIFTPs in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules with architectural atypia. METHODS: We reviewed 1301 thyroid nodules with architectural atypia in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens obtained from March 2012 to February 2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936020/y-shape-osteotomy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-prospective-case-series-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#2
Wenhao Hu, Jiayi Yu, Huawei Liu, Xuesong Zhang, Yan Wang
The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of a spinal osteotomy technique, Y shape osteotomy, for correcting kyphosis in AS patients planned preoperatively with computer software-assistance. 36 consecutive AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis were treated with one-stage posterior Y shape osteotomy and preoperative surgical planning was done with the aid of the Surgimap Spine. Radiological parameters of simulation and immediate postoperation were documented. Clinical and radiological results were evaluated in the preoperative, the early postoperative periods and during the last follow-up...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935925/clinical-evaluation-of-fused-ankylosed-hip-with-severe-flexion-deformity-after-conversion-to-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
S K Suwal, P Songming, L Gang, H Kui
INTRODUCTION: Fused or Ankylosed hip is late complication of chronic inflammatory disorder with progressive changes in and around articular as well as periarticular structures with alteration in bio-force line of body which later lead to severe flexion deformity of joint. This not only results decreased movements of hip, it's also increase pain around the hip, back and contralateral hip. METHODS: Retrospectively, all patients aged 18 years or older undergoing THA between June 2006 to June 2012 were reviewed with selection criteria...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935449/multiple-hook-fixation-in-revision-spinal-deformity-surgery-for-patients-with-a-previous-multilevel-fusion-mass-technical-note-and-preliminary-outcomes
#4
Ning Liu, Kirkham B Wood
OBJECTIVE A previous multilevel fusion mass encountered during revision spinal deformity surgery may obscure anatomical landmarks, making instrumentation unworkable or incurring substantial blood loss and operative time. This study introduced a surgical technique of multiple-hook fixation for fixating previous multilevel fusion masses in revision spinal deformity surgeries and then evaluated its outcomes. METHODS Patients with a previous multilevel fusion mass who underwent revision corrective surgery down to the lumbosacral junction were retrospectively studied...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935164/kaolin-activated-thromboelastography-and-standard-coagulation-assays-in-cyanotic-and-acyanotic-infants-undergoing-complex-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Alessandra Rizza, Zaccaria Ricci, Chiara Pezzella, Isabella Favia, Giovina Di Felice, Marco Ranucci, Paola Cogo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies report the use of thromboelatography (TEG) to monitor coagulation in pediatric cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to compare baseline and intraoperative TEG, TEG-functional fibrinogen, and standard coagulation assays in children with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of 63 children aged <24 months undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...
December 9, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935005/preoperative-low-level-laser-therapy-in-dogs-undergoing-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-a-blinded-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Cleo P Rogatko, Wendy I Baltzer, Rachel Tennant
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of preoperative low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on therapeutic outcomes of dogs undergoing tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO). METHODS: Healthy dogs undergoing TPLO were randomly assigned to receive either a single preoperative LLLT treatment (800-900 nm dual wavelength, 6 W, 3.5 J/cm(2), 100 cm(2) area) or a sham treatment. Lameness assessment and response to manipulation, as well as force plate analysis, were performed preoperatively, then again at 24 hours, two weeks, and eight weeks postoperatively...
December 9, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934557/surgical-complications-after-kidney-transplantation
#7
Mehmet Haberal, Fatih Boyvat, Aydıncan Akdur, Mahir Kırnap, Ümit Özçelik, Feza Yarbuğ Karakayalı
Since the first successful organ transplant conducted between twins in 1954, kidney transplant has evolved considerably over the past 50 years. Kidney transplant plays an important role in the treatment of end-stage kidney disease to improve the quality of life and prolong the life of patients. Despite significant advances, postoperative medical and surgical complications still represent important causes of morbidity and mortality. Many problems can be avoided through prophylactic correction of abnormalities detected during the preoperative evaluation; however, it is critical that technical mishaps at all stages of the transplant process (donor nephrectomy, benchwork preparation, and implant) be prevented and that careful postoperative monitoring be carried out, including thorough examination by attending physicians...
December 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933616/efficacy-of-preoperative-ibuprofen-and-meloxicam-on-the-success-rate-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-for-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#8
Yazdan Shantiaee, Sahar Javaheri, Amir Movahhedian, Sarah Eslami, Omid Dianat
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether premedication with ibuprofen or meloxicam increases the success rate of anaesthesia in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this parallel, double-blind clinical trial, 92 patients diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis were randomly divided into four groups of 23 patients. The first group (the no-premedication group) received no premedication, the second group (the meloxicam group) received 7...
December 8, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933266/nonstrict-and-individual-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-in-partial-hepatectomy
#9
Xingwei Xu, Yingbin Wang, Tao Feng, Xin Zhao, Yannian Liao, Wu Ji, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate postoperative recovery and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing partial hepatectomy managed with a nonstrict and individual enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 168 partial hepatectomy patients in our institution was included. The discharged day and the respective impact of element application throughout the duration were analyzed. RESULTS: When all the required elements of ERAS were fully implemented, the median discharge day was 6...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933229/mid-term-shoulder-functional-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-shoulder-replacement-in-obese-patients
#10
Heather K Vincent, Aimee M Struk, Austin Reed, Thomas W Wright
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and loss of function are directly associated with obesity. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We hypothesized that significant interactions would exist between total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and obesity status on functional and quality of life (QOL) outcomes over the long term. Clinical and QOL outcomes (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Evaluation form, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating scale, Medical Outcomes Short Form 12 (SF-12), range of motion (ROM), and strength) were longitudinally compared in patients with low and high body mass index (BMI) after a TSA or a RSA...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932961/patient-specific-electric-field-simulations-and-acceleration-measurements-for-objective-analysis-of-intraoperative-stimulation-tests-in-the-thalamus
#11
Simone Hemm, Daniela Pison, Fabiola Alonso, Ashesh Shah, Jérôme Coste, Jean-Jacques Lemaire, Karin Wårdell
Despite an increasing use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) the fundamental mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. Simulation of electric entities has previously been proposed for chronic DBS combined with subjective symptom evaluations, but not for intraoperative stimulation tests. The present paper introduces a method for an objective exploitation of intraoperative stimulation test data to identify the optimal implant position of the chronic DBS lead by relating the electric field (EF) simulations to the patient-specific anatomy and the clinical effects quantified by accelerometry...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932888/preoperative-risk-factors-in-total-thyroidectomy-of-substernal-goiter
#12
Aldo Bove, Raffaella Maria Di Renzo, Gauro D'Urbano, Manuela Bellobono, Vincenzo D' Addetta, Alfonso Lapergola, Giuseppe Bongarzoni
The definition of substernal goiter (SG) is based on variable criteria leading to a considerable variation in the reported incidence (from 0.2% to 45%). The peri- and postoperative complications are higher in total thyroidectomy (TT) for SG than that for cervical goiter. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative risk factors associated with postoperative complications. From 2002 to 2014, 142 (8.5%; 98 women and 44 men) of the 1690 patients who underwent TT had a SG. We retrospectively evaluated the following parameters: sex, age, histology, pre- and retrovascular position, recurrence, and extension beyond the carina...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932769/-correction-of-posttraumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-with-modified-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#13
Fei Chen, Yijun Kang, Bin Zhou, Zhehao Dai
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy for treatment of thoracolumbar old fracture with kyphosis.
 Methods: From January 2003 to January 2013, 58 patients of thoracolumbar kyphosis, who underwent modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy, were reviewed. Among them, 45 cases underwent initial operation and 13 cases underwent revision surgery. Preoperative and postoperative kyphotic Cobb's angle, score of back pain, as well as the incidence of complication were accessed by using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932200/the-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-hepatitis-c-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-patients-undergoing-septoplasty
#14
Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ela Araz Server, Bahtiyar Hamit, Özgür Yiğit
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus are major health problems. Healthcare workers are at risk of transmitting blood-borne viruses, and surgeons have a higher risk of exposure to blood and higher rates of percutaneous injury than other healthcare workers. Septoplasty is among the 3 most commonly performed otolaryngological surgeries worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen, Hepatitis C virus antibody, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus antibody in patients undergoing septoplasty with and without turbinate surgery under general anesthesia, and to determine if preoperative testing should be performed in such patients...
November 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932196/a-mini-volume-loading-test-mvlt-using-2-5-mlkg-1-boluses-of-crystalloid-for-indication-of-perioperative-changes-in-hydration-status
#15
Audrius Andrijauskas, Christer H Svensen, Narūnas Porvaneckas, Jūratė Šipylaitė, Edgaras Stankevičius, Darius Činčikas, Valentinas Uvarovas, Saulė Švedienė, Igoris Šatkauskas, Saulius Vosylius, Giedrius Kvederas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A mini volume loading test (mVLT) evaluating hemodilution during step-wise crystalloid infusion has established that the arterio-capillary plasma dilution difference is inversely correlated to the body hydration level of subjects. This observational study aimed to test whether this can be replicated in a perioperative setting using a 2.5-mLkg(-1) boluses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mVLT was performed before induction of regional anesthesia and 24h later...
November 25, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932125/survival-outcomes-in-liver-transplantation-with-elderly-donors-analysis-of-andalusian-transplant-register
#16
C Cepeda-Franco, C Bernal-Bellido, L Barrera-Pulido, J M Álamo-Martínez, J H Ruiz-Matas, G Suárez-Artacho, L M Marín-Gómez, J Tinoco-González, C Díaz-Aunión, F J Padillo-Ruiz, M Á Gómez-Bravo
Recently, there has been a large discrepancy between the number of patients on the waiting list for a liver transplant and the availability of deceased donors, with an increase in annual wait list mortality rates. Elderly donor livers are thought to be marginal grafts; however, in recent years, their utilization has constantly increased. The aim of this study is to evaluate the utilization of elderly donors in Andalusia and post-transplant outcomes. This retrospective observational study of 2408 liver transplants, performed in Andalusia between 2000 and 2014, analyzes the outcomes from donors aged 70 plus (n = 423) in terms of survival rates of the graft and the recipient, the type of transplant, donor age, and D-MELD score (product of donor age and preoperative Model for End-stage Liver Disease score)...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931948/nonmissile-penetrating-head-injuries-nphis-surgical-management-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Xi-Sheng Li, Jun Yan, Chang Liu, Yu Luo, Xing-Sheng Liao, Liang Yu, Shao-Wen Xiao
BACKGROUND: Nonmissile penetrating head injuries (NPHIs) in the civilian population are rare but with potentially fatal features. While numerous cases have been reported in the literature, the surgical management of such injuries is still ambiguous, especially with surgical techniques updating. Here we will illustrate 5 cases of NPHIs managed with different surgical techniques and review the literature on surgical treatment of these injuries to outline the appropriate management for these patients from neurosurgical perspective...
December 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931723/psoas-muscle-area-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#18
Lohit Garg, Sahil Agrawal, Timothy Pew, George S Hanzel, Amr E Abbas, Michael J Gallagher, Francis L Shannon, Ivan D Hanson
Frailty is a powerful predictor of outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Sarcopenia as assessed by psoas muscle area (PMA) is a validated tool to assess frailty before surgical procedures. We evaluated PMA as a predictor of outcomes after TAVI in 152 consecutive patients who underwent this procedure at our institution from 2011 to 2014. Preoperative computed tomography scans were used to measure PMA, which then was indexed to body surface area. Outcomes evaluated included (1) early poor outcome (30 days mortality, stroke, dialysis, and prolonged ventilation), (2) 1-year mortality, and (3) high-resource utilization (length of stay >7 days, discharge to rehabilitation, or readmission within 30 days)...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931701/preoperative-stress-an-operating-room-nurse-intervention-assessment
#19
Ayla Gürsoy, Bahar Candaş, Şirin Güner, Serpil Yılmaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of preoperative visits by the operating room (OR) nurse on patient stress levels before undergoing surgery. DESIGN: This research was a quasi-experimental study. METHODS: The research sample included patients (N = 179) who were hospitalized for surgery during 6 months in the general surgery department of a public hospital in the Eastern Black Sea Region. The OR nurse, part of the medical staff for surgery, visited patients in the experimental group 1 day before surgery...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931580/changes-in-muscle-strength-and-six-minute-walk-distance-before-and-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#20
Y Mizuno, S Ito, K Hattori, M Nagaya, T Inoue, Y Nishida, Y Onishi, H Kamei, N Kurata, Y Hasegawa, Y Ogura
BACKGROUND: Impaired exercise capacity and muscle weakness are important characteristics of liver transplantation recipients. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of patients and to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications. However, it is unknown how physical status recovers during the hospital stay after a liver transplant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in clinical indicators that represent the functional exercise capacity and muscle strength before and after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT)...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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