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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225793/recent-advances-in-acute-pain-management-understanding-the-mechanisms-of-acute-pain-the-prescription-of-opioids-and-the-role-of-multimodal-pain-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Richa Wardhan, Jacques Chelly
In this review, we discuss advances in acute pain management, including the recent report of the joint American Pain Society and American Academy of Pain Medicine task force on the classification of acute pain, the role of psychosocial factors, multimodal pain management, new non-opioid therapy, and the effect of the "opioid epidemic". In this regard, we propose that a fundamental principle in acute pain management is identifying patients who are most at risk and providing an "opioid free anesthesia and postoperative analgesia"...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225750/opioid-free-anesthesia-using-continuous-dexmedetomidine-and-lidocaine-infusions-in-spine-surgery
#2
David J Kim, Raheel Bengali, T Anthony Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215139/a-novel-and-selective-nociceptin-receptor-nop-agonist-1-1-cis-4-isopropylcyclohexyl-piperidin-4-yl-1h-indol-2-yl-methanol-at-312-decreases-acquisition-of-ethanol-induced-conditioned-place-preference-in-mice
#3
Nurulain T Zaveri, Paul V Marquez, Michael E Meyer, Willma E Polgar, Abdul Hamid, Kabirullah Lutfy
BACKGROUND: Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), the endogenous peptide agonist for the opioid receptor-like (ORL1) receptor (also known as NOP or the nociceptin receptor), has been shown to block the acquisition and expression of ethanol-induced conditioned place preference (CPP). Here, we report the characterization of a novel small-molecule NOP ligand AT-312 (1-(1-((cis)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl)-1H-indol-2-yl)methanol) in receptor binding and GTPγS functional assays in vitro...
December 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199145/acetaminophen-induced-acute-liver-failure-is-more-common-and-more-severe-in-women
#4
Jessica B Rubin, Bilal Hameed, Michelle Gottfried, William M Lee, Monika Sarkar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acetaminophen overdose is the leading cause of acute liver injury (ALI) and acute liver failure (ALF) in the developed world. Sex differences in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity have not been described. METHODS: We collected data from the Acute Liver Failure Study Group cohort, a national registry of 32 academic medical centers in North America of adults with ALI or ALF, including 1162 patients with acetaminophen-induced ALI (n=250) or acetaminophen-induced ALF (n=912) from January 2000 through September 2016...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198673/pain-control-glucose-control-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-after-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-a-preliminary-report
#5
J Solomina, J Gołębiewska, M R Kijek, A Kotukhov, P J Bachul, L Basto, K Gołąb, E Konsur, K Cieply, N Fillman, L-J Wang, C C Thomas, L H Philipson, M Tibudan, A Dębska-Ślizień, J Fung, A Gelrud, J B Matthews, P Witkowski
BACKGROUND: Total pancreatectomy (TP) is offered as a last treatment option for pain relief in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Concurrent islets autotransplantation (TP-IAT) may improve glucose control. METHODS: We analyzed results in 20 recent patients who underwent TP-IAT at The University of Chicago. The median observation period was 28 months (2-38). Data were collected prospectively then analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The number of patients requiring opioids daily for pain control decreased from 16 (80%) prior to surgery to 2 (13%) 1 year after, with only 1 (6...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188799/computational-insights-into-the-g-protein-biased-activation-and-inactivation-mechanisms-of-the-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor
#6
Jian-Xin Cheng, Tao Cheng, Wei-Hua Li, Gui-Xia Liu, Wei-Liang Zhu, Yun Tang
The μ opioid receptor (OR), a member of the class A subfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), is a major target for the treatment of pain. G-protein biased μ-OR agonists promise to be developed as analgesics. Thus, TRV130, the first representative μ-OR ligand with G-protein bias, has entered into phase III clinical trials. To identify the detailed G-protein-biased activation and inactivation mechanisms of the μ-OR, we constructed five μ-OR systems that were in complexes with the G-protein-biased agonists TRV130 and BU72, the antagonists β-FNA and naltrexone, as well as the free receptor...
November 30, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185250/management-of-hepatitis-c-in-decentralised-versus-centralised-drug-substitution-programmes-and-minimally-invasive-point-of-care-tests-to-close-gaps-in-the-hcv-cascade
#7
Andrea Bregenzer, Anna Conen, Jürg Knuchel, Andrée Friedl, Franz Eigenmann, Martin Näf, Peter Ackle, Martin Roth, Christoph Andreas Fux
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, intravenous drug use accounts for the majority of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Early HCV treatment prevents further transmissions and reduces morbidity and mortality due to decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nevertheless, patients in drug substitution programmes are often insufficiently screened and treated. AIM: The aim was to compare the current state of HCV management in centralised and decentralised drug substitution programmes of the canton Aargau...
November 29, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180552/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-receipt-of-opioid-medication-for-new-back-pain-diagnosis
#8
Sarah Gebauer, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer
BACKGROUND: Although treatment for new back pain is heavily guideline driven, deviations occur frequently. Neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) may contribute to these deviations. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether nSES is associated with type of treatment provided for patients seeking treatment for new back pain in primary care clinics. METHODS: This retrospective cohort was conducted in academic internal and family medicine practices. Data were examined from the Primary Care Patient Data Registry...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176408/prescription-opioid-use-among-opioid-naive-women-undergoing-immediate-breast-reconstruction
#9
Daniel P Marcusa, Rachel A Mann, David C Cron, Brooklyn R Fillinger, Alexandra K Rzepecki, Jeffrey H Kozlow, Adeyiza Momoh, Michael Englesbe, Chad Brummett, Jennifer F Waljee
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients may be particularly vulnerable to the deleterious effects of prolonged opioid use. The authors explored the factors that influence postoperative opioid prescription fills among women following postmastectomy reconstruction. METHODS: Using the Truven Health MarketScan Research Databases, the authors identified a cohort of 4113 opioid-naive patients undergoing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction between January of 2010 and August of 2014...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176373/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-bariatric-surgical-guidelines-summary-and-update
#10
Christel A L de Raaff, Nico de Vries, Bart A van Wagensveld
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing numbers of bariatric surgical procedures and the high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in this population have resulted in a growing interest in the perioperative management of OSA in bariatric surgery. This review provides a summary of the first consensus guideline on this topic as well as an update of the newest literature available. RECENT FINDINGS: All bariatric patients should be screened for OSA and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) to reduce the risk of perioperative complications...
November 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175775/neuroprotective-effect-of-bacopa-monnieri-against-morphine-induced-histopathological-changes-in-the-cerebellum-of-rats
#11
Muhammad Shahid, Fazal Subhan, Gowhar Ali, Ihsan Ullah, Javaid Alam, Sami Ullah, Khalid Rauf
Opioid addiction is associated with oxidative cell injury in neuronal cells. In this study, Bacopa monnieri (L.), a reputed nootropic plant, was evaluated against morphine-induced histopathological changes in the cerebellum of rats. B. monnieri methanolic extract (mBME) (40 mg/kg, p.o) and ascorbic acid (50 mg/kg, i.p) were administered two hours before morphine (20 mg/kg, i.p) for 14 and 21 days. The in vitro antioxidant activity of mBME was determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free-radical scavenging assay...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150198/comparative-effectiveness-of-extended-release-naltrexone-versus-buprenorphine-naloxone-for-opioid-relapse-prevention-x-bot-a-multicentre-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Joshua D Lee, Edward V Nunes, Patricia Novo, Ken Bachrach, Genie L Bailey, Snehal Bhatt, Sarah Farkas, Marc Fishman, Phoebe Gauthier, Candace C Hodgkins, Jacquie King, Robert Lindblad, David Liu, Abigail G Matthews, Jeanine May, K Michelle Peavy, Stephen Ross, Dagmar Salazar, Paul Schkolnik, Dikla Shmueli-Blumberg, Don Stablein, Geetha Subramaniam, John Rotrosen
BACKGROUND: Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX), an opioid antagonist, and sublingual buprenorphine-naloxone (BUP-NX), a partial opioid agonist, are pharmacologically and conceptually distinct interventions to prevent opioid relapse. We aimed to estimate the difference in opioid relapse-free survival between XR-NTX and BUP-NX. METHODS: We initiated this 24 week, open-label, randomised controlled, comparative effectiveness trial at eight US community-based inpatient services and followed up participants as outpatients...
November 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146243/current-progress-and-challenges-of-nanoparticle-based-therapeutics-in-pain-management
#13
REVIEW
Vanesa Andreu, Manuel Arruebo
Pain is a widespread and growing health problem worldwide that exerts a considerable social and economic impact on both patients and healthcare systems and, therefore, on society in general. Although current treatment modalities include a wide variety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches, due to the complexity of pain and individual differences in clinical response these options are not always effective in mitigating and relieving pain. In addition, some pain drugs such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), local anesthetics and opioids show several unfavorable side effects...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141871/potential-approaches-to-prevent-hypoglycemia-associated-autonomic-failure
#14
REVIEW
Eric Lontchi-Yimagou, Jee Young You, Michelle Carey, Ilan Gabriely, Harry Shamoon, Meredith Hawkins
Clear health benefits are associated with intensive glucose control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, maintaining near-normal glycemia remains an elusive goal for many patients, in large part owing to the risk of severe hypoglycemia. In fact, recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia lead to 'hypoglycemia-associated autonomic failure' (HAAF), characterized by defective counter-regulatory responses to hypoglycemia. Extensive studies to understand the mechanisms underlying HAAF have revealed multiple potential etiologies, suggesting various approaches to prevent the development of HAAF...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135678/can-it-be-done-opioid-free-recovery-commentary-on-an-article-by-gijs-t-t-helmerhorst-md-et-al-pain-relief-after-operative-treatment-of-an-extremity-fracture-a-noninferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111148/effects-of-opioid-and-nonopioid-analgesics-on-canine-wheal-formation-and-cultured-human-mast-cell-degranulation
#16
Eric Schmidt-Rondon, Zhenping Wang, Shelle A Malkmus, Anna Di Nardo, Keith Hildebrand, Linda Page, Tony L Yaksh
Mast cell (MC) degranulation has been implicated in the side effect profile of a variety of clinically useful agents. Thus, after intrathecal delivery, formation of space-occupying, meningeally-derived masses may be related to local MC degranulation. We systematically characterized degranulating effects of opioid and nonopioid analgesics on cutaneous flares in the dog and in primary human MC (hMC) cultures. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with IV propofol and received intradermal (ID) injections (50μL)...
October 27, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103736/the-impact-of-intraoperative-opioid-use-on-survival-after-oral-cancer-surgery
#17
Miguel A Patino, Rafael E Ramirez, Carlos A Perez, Lei Feng, Pranav Kataria, Jeffrey Myers, Juan P Cata
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of opioid use on cancer recurrence after oral cancer surgery. We hypothesized that the amount of opioids administered during oral cancer surgery is an independent predictor of recurrence free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, we collected demographic, tumor related, intraoperative and survival data of patients who had oral cancer surgery. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the impact of important covariates on RFS and OS...
November 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092079/pharmacokinetics-and-abuse-potential-of-benzhydrocodone-a-novel-prodrug-of-hydrocodone-after-intranasal-administration-in-recreational-drug-users
#18
Travis C Mickle, Sven M Guenther, Andrew C Barrett, Kathryn Ann Roupe, Jing Zhou, Daniel Dickerson, Lynn R Webster
Objective: Developing an acetaminophen-free, immediate-release hydrocodone product remains an unmet medical need; however, new opioid analgesics should not introduce new abuse risks. Benzhydrocodone is a prodrug of hydrocodone that must be metabolized into hydrocodone by enzymes in the intestinal tract to optimally deliver its pharmacologic effects. This study evaluated the intranasal pharmacokinetics and abuse potential of benzhydrocodone active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) compared with hydrocodone bitartrate (HB) API...
October 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059389/pilot-study-of-a-tailored-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-individuals-in-treatment-for-opioid-dependence
#19
Nina A Cooperman, Shou-En Lu, Kimber P Richter, Steven L Bernstein, Jill M Williams
Introduction: Over 85% of opioid-dependent individuals in methadone treatment smoke cigarettes; however, smoking cessation interventions are minimally effective in this population. To better help opioid-dependent individuals quit smoking, we developed and pilot-tested an intervention, based in the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model of behavior change, which could be tailored to address individual barriers to smoking cessation in this population. Methods: We randomized participants (n=83) in methadone treatment to the eight-session, IMB model-based, intervention plus nicotine replacement therapy (intervention, n=41) or a facilitated referral to the state Quitline (control, n=42)...
August 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055360/neuropathic-corneal-pain-approaches-for-management
#20
REVIEW
Gabriela Dieckmann, Sunali Goyal, Pedram Hamrah
Neuropathic pain is caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system and can occur in the cornea. However, neuropathic corneal pain (NCP) is currently an ill-defined disease. Patients with NCP are extremely challenging to manage, and evidence-based clinical recommendations for the management of patients with NCP are scarce. The objectives of this review are to provide guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of patients with NCP and to summarize current evidence-based literature in this area. We performed a systematic literature search of all relevant publications between 1966 and 2017...
November 2017: Ophthalmology
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