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type 2 diabetes, surgery

Geoffrey P Roberts, Richard G Kay, James Howard, Richard H Hardwick, Frank Reimann, Fiona M Gribble
BACKGROUND: Altered enteroendocrine hormone responses are widely believed to underlie the beneficial effects of bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetes. While elevated postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is considered one of the mediators, increased postprandial glucagon levels have recently been implicated. OBJECTIVES: We investigated hormonal responses in lean patients after prophylactic total gastrectomy (PTG), as a model of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass without the confounding effects of obesity or massive weight loss...
February 3, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Belén Pérez-Pevida, Daniela Stefania Trifu, Anna Kamocka, Julia Álvarez Hernández
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery has beneficial effects on obesity and associated comorbidities such as glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, and renal and hepatic function. Nevertheless, this surgery is not free of complications and possible side effects due to restrictive and/or malabsorptive related components. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 60-year-old woman whose past medical history included morbid obesity, hypertension and Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with duodenal switch in 1998...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Gladys Witt Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Purva Sharma, Yash Jobanputra, Karen Lewin, Stuart Bagatell, Daniel Lichtstein
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of diabetes seen commonly in autoimmune Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), however patients with Type 2 diabetes are also at risk. Diabetic ketoacidosis may be precipitated by the catabolic stress of acute illness such as trauma, surgery, or infections. Recent studies have suggested that sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors precipitate DKA in Type 2 diabetes. We present a case series of four patients on SGLT-2 inhibitors who presented with DKA...
March 13, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Laurentiu M Pop, Andrea Mari, Tong-Jin Zhao, Lori Mitchell, Shawn Burgess, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Ildiko Lingvay
AIM: To investigate the physiological mechanisms leading to rapid improvement in diabetes after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB). In particular, the roles of concurrent peri-operative dietary restrictions, which may also alter glucose metabolism, have not been completely elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess the differential contributions of diet and surgery to the mechanisms leading to the rapid improvement in diabetes after RYGB we enrolled ten patients with type 2 diabetes scheduled to undergo RYGB...
March 13, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Thomas H Inge, Lori M Laffel, Todd M Jenkins, Marsha D Marcus, Natasha I Leibel, Mary L Brandt, Morey Haymond, Elaine M Urbina, Lawrence M Dolan, Philip S Zeitler
Importance: Because of the substantial increase in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in the pediatric population and the medical complications of this condition, therapies are urgently needed that will achieve better glycemic control than standard medical management. Objective: To compare glycemic control in cohorts of severely obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes undergoing medical and surgical interventions. Design, Setting, and Participants: A secondary analysis of data collected by the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) and Treatment Options of Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) consortia was performed...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Robyn L Houlden, Joy L Yen, Sarah Moore
OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes and refractory obesity; however, many patients have nonoptimal glycemic control preoperatively. We created an interprofessional bariatric glycemic optimization clinic. Patients were seen monthly and received weekly phone calls. We analyzed the effectiveness in assisting patients reach a preoperative glycated hemoglobin (A1C) level of <7.5%. METHODS: Data were analyzed for the first 75 patients...
December 26, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Jung-Chien Chen, Nan-Yung Hsu, Wei-Jei Lee, Shu-Chun Chen, Kong-Han Ser, Yi-Chih Lee
BACKGROUND: Metabolic surgery has become increasingly accepted for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, there is limited evidence regarding the optimal candidate and surgical procedure. Although a new individualized metabolic surgery (IMS) score was recently proposed for procedure selection, it has yet to be validated. OBJECTIVE: To validate the IMS score with regard to remission of T2D after metabolic surgery and compare it with the age, body mass index, C-peptide level, and duration of T2D (ABCD) score...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Suriya Punchai, Stacy A Brethauer, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
INTRODUCTION: While bariatric surgery leads to significant prevention and improvement of type 2 diabetes, patients may rarely develop diabetes after bariatric surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the characteristic of new-onset diabetes after bariatric surgery over a 17-year period at our institution. METHODS: Non-diabetic patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single academic center (1997-2013) and had a postoperative glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥ 6...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Hanifi Ucpunar, Ismet Yalkin Camurcu, Serda Duman, Esra Ucpunar, Hakan Sofu, Avni Ilhan Bayhan
Background and purpose - Patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) are phenotypically overweight or obese and may therefore require clinical follow-up of obesity-related disorders. We evaluated obesity-related disorders such as dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and vitamin-D deficiency during the postoperative period in patients with SCFE. Patients and methods - 51 patients who were operated and followed-up for SCFE and 62 healthy adolescents without SCFE (control group) were included in this retrospective study...
March 9, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Ivy N Haskins, Julietta Chang, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Tavankit Singh, Neal Mehta, Arthur J McCullough, Stacy A Brethauer, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases the risk of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and is also strongly correlated with extrahepatic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This risk of NAFLD among obese individuals who are otherwise metabolically healthy is not well characterized. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of NAFLD in individuals with metabolically healthy obesity. SETTING: A tertiary, academic, referral hospital...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
Daniel Coelho, Eudes Paiva de Godoy, Igor Marreiros, Vinicius Fernando da Luz, Antônio Manuel Gouveia de Oliveira, Josemberg Marins Campos, Silvio da Silva Caldas-Neto, Mirella Patrícia Cruz de Freitas
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has a high long-term remission rate after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), but few studies have analyzed patients with BMI<35 kg/m2. AIM: To compare glycemic control after LRYGB between BMI 30-35 kg/m2 (intervention group or IG) and >35 kg/m2 patients (control group or CG) and to evaluate weight loss, comorbidities and surgical morbidity. METHODS: Sixty-six diabetic patients (30 in IG group and 36 in CG group) were submitted to LRYGB...
March 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Rajiv Ananthakrishna, William Kristanto, Li Liu, Siew-Pang Chan, Poay Huan Loh, Edgar L Tay, Koo Hui Chan, Mark Y Chan, Chi-Hang Lee, Adrian F Low, Huay Cheem Tan, Joshua P Loh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the target lesion failure (TLF) rate of the SYNERGY stent in all-comers, multiethnic Asian population. BACKGROUND: Currently, most drug eluting stents deliver anti-proliferative drugs from a durable polymer which is associated with a risk of late stent thrombosis. The novel everolimus-eluting, platinum chromium SYNERGY stent is coated with a bioabsorbable abluminal polymer that resolves within 4 months. METHODS: This was a prospective, single center registry of consecutive patients treated with the SYNERGY stent between December 2012 and April 2015...
March 7, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Rieko Kikuchi, Junichiro Irie, Nobuko Yamada-Goto, Eri Kikkawa, Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Hiroshi Itoh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery improves metabolic diseases and alters the intestinal microbiota in animals and humans, but different procedures reportedly have different impacts on the intestinal microbiota. We developed laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal bypass (LSG-DJB) as an alternative to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in addition to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for Japanese patients with obesity. We investigated the precise change in the intestinal microbiota induced by these procedures in the present study...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
Bahendeka Silver, Kaushik Ramaiya, Swai Babu Andrew, Otieno Fredrick, Sarita Bajaj, Sanjay Kalra, Bavuma M Charlotte, Karigire Claudine, Anthony Makhoba
A diagnosis of diabetes or hyperglycemia should be confirmed prior to ordering, dispensing, or administering insulin (A). Insulin is the primary treatment in all patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) (A). Typically, patients with T1DM will require initiation with multiple daily injections at the time of diagnosis. This is usually short-acting insulin or rapid-acting insulin analogue given 0 to 15 min before meals together with one or more daily separate injections of intermediate or long-acting insulin...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
H K Akturk
Breuker et al. [1] highlighted that patients with Type 1 diabetes have an approximately twofold higher risk of medication errors at hospital admission compared with those with Type 2 diabetes. There are certain differences in the pathophysiology of the two types of diabetes that need to be considered during diabetes care at hospitals. Patients with Type 1 diabetes have higher glucose variability than those with Type 2 diabetes during the hospital stay [2]. Inpatient mortality is higher in patients with Type 1 diabetes [3]...
March 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Kazuki Yasuda, Renzo Yokoyama, Jose Paolo Porciuncula, Yoshimochi Kurokawa
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal bypass (LSG-DJB) is a combination of sleeve gastrectomy and proximal intestinal bypass through duodenal exclusion. This technique has shown excellent weight loss and anti-diabetic effects in severely obese patients. In this retrospective study, we examined the clinical effects of LSG-DJB on mildly obese patients (body mass index (BMI) < 35 kg/m2 ) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and analyzed factors contributing to the successful postoperative glycemic control...
March 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Lizbeth Guilbert, Cristian J Ortiz, Omar Espinosa, Elisa M Sepúlveda, Tatiana Piña, Paul Joo, Carlos Zerrweck
BACKGROUND: The latest diabetes consensus identified obesity as key component of the metabolic syndrome. The role of bariatric surgery over such syndrome has been less explored with a lack of long term studies, and especially among Mexicans. METHODS: Retrospective study including patients with metabolic syndrome submitted to laparoscopic gastric bypass at a single institution with complete data after 24 months. The objective was to analyze the improvement of the syndrome and each component...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Danila Capoccia, Federica Coccia, Gloria Guarisco, Moira Testa, Roberta Rendina, Francesca Abbatini, Gianfranco Silecchia, Frida Leonetti
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the major health challenges throughout the world. The association between obesity and diabetes is well established because 90% of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show excess body weight. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the long-term follow-up. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five obese patients, 78 with T2DM, were evaluated before and after LSG up to 10 years, to identify complete diabetes remission (FPG < 100 mg/dl, A1c < 6...
March 1, 2018: Obesity Surgery
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