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age-related macular degeneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430321/comments-to-visual-and-anatomic-outcomes-after-conversion-to-aflibercept-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-12-month-results
#1
Dan Călugăru, Mihai Călugăru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430181/supervised-learning-and-dimension-reduction-techniques-for-quantification-of-retinal-fluid-in-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#2
A Breger, M Ehler, H Bogunovic, S M Waldstein, A-M Philip, U Schmidt-Erfurth, B S Gerendas
PurposeThe purpose of the present study is to develop fast automated quantification of retinal fluid in optical coherence tomography (OCT) image sets.MethodsWe developed an image analysis pipeline tailored towards OCT images that consists of five steps for binary retinal fluid segmentation. The method is based on feature extraction, pre-segmention, dimension reduction procedures, and supervised learning tools.ResultsFluid identification using our pipeline was tested on two separate patient groups: one associated to neovascular age-related macular degeneration, the other showing diabetic macular edema...
April 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429669/what-can-pharmacological-models-of-retinal-degeneration-tell-us
#3
M H Reisenhofer, J Balmer, V Enzmann
Animal models with pharmacologically induced retinal degeneration including sodium iodate (NaIO3) and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) have been extensively used in ophthalmic research to investigate retinal degeneration. NaIO3 induces degeneration of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) followed by photoreceptor (PRC) cell death, mimicking features of age-related macular degeneration. In contrast, MNU leads to rapid destruction of the PRCs only, enabling the use of the MNU model to investigate degeneration induced in retinitis pigmentosa...
March 31, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428049/stem-cells-for-retinal-disease-a-perspective-on-the-promise-and-perils
#4
Rajesh C Rao, Vaidehi S Dedania, Mark W Johnson
PURPOSE: To summarize key concepts, and early safety and efficacy signals from clinical trials for stem/progenitor cell-based interventions for retinal disease. DESIGN: Interpretive essay. METHODS: Review and synthesis of selected recent reports of stem/progenitor cell-based approaches for retinal disease, with interpretation and perspective. RESULTS: Stem/progenitor cell-based interventions represent a novel class of potential therapies for retinal diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration, inherited retinal dystrophies, and others...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427081/choroidal-thickness-and-microperimetry-sensitivity-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#5
Geoffrey K Broadhead, Thomas Hong, Peter McCluskey, John R Grigg, Timothy E Schlub, Andrew A Chang
PURPOSE: To assess choroidal thickness (CT) and its relationship to retinal sensitivity in mild/moderate age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Seventy-two eyes of 51 participants with mild/moderate AMD and 36 eyes of 18 age-matched normal participants were prospectively recruited to undergo enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) imaging and microperimetry (MP) functional assessment. OCT-measured CT and retinal thickness (RT) were matched with MP sensitivity at 13 retinal loci, and correlations were analysed...
April 21, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425969/the-pharmacological-effects-of-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-on-visual-disorders-and-cognition-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Yu-Ping Jia, Lei Sun, He-Shui Yu, Li-Peng Liang, Wei Li, Hui Ding, Xin-Bo Song, Li-Juan Zhang
Lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) are dietary carotenoids derived from dark green leafy vegetables, orange and yellow fruits that form the macular pigment of the human eyes. It was hypothesized that they protect against visual disorders and cognition diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), age-related cataract (ARC), cognition diseases, ischemic/hypoxia induced retinopathy, light damage of the retina, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal detachment, uveitis and diabetic retinopathy. The mechanism by which they are involved in the prevention of eye diseases may be due their physical blue light filtration properties and local antioxidant activity...
April 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424788/fully-automated-robust-system-to-detect-retinal-edema-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-from-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#7
Samina Khalid, M Usman Akram, Taimur Hassan, Ammara Nasim, Amina Jameel
Maculopathy is the excessive damage to macula that leads to blindness. It mostly occurs due to retinal edema (RE), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), or age related macular degeneration (ARMD). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging is the latest eye testing technique that can detect these syndromes in early stages. Many researchers have used OCT images to detect retinal abnormalities. However, to the best of our knowledge, no research that presents a fully automated system to detect all of these macular syndromes is reported...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424619/retinal-and-circulating-mirnas-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-an-in-vivo-animal-and-human-study
#8
Giovanni L Romano, Chiara B M Platania, Filippo Drago, Salvatore Salomone, Marco Ragusa, Cristina Barbagallo, Cinzia Di Pietro, Michele Purrello, Michele Reibaldi, Teresio Avitabile, Antonio Longo, Claudio Bucolo
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among people aged 50 and over. Retinal deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregates in AMD patients has suggested a potential link between AMD and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have evaluated the differential retinal expression profile of miRNAs in a rat model of AMD elicited by Aβ. A serum profile of miRNAs in AMD patients has been also assessed using single TaqMan assay. Analysis of retina from rats intravitreally injected with Aβ revealed that miR-27a, miR-146a, and miR-155 were up-regulated in comparison to control rats...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422552/rapid-assessment-of-avoidable-blindness-and-diabetic-retinopathy-in-gilan-province-iran
#9
Marzieh Katibeh, Hassan Behboudi, Siamak Moradian, Yousef Alizadeh, Ramin Beiranvand, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Hamid Ahmadieh
PURPOSE: To conduct an assessment of avoidable blindness and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Gilan, 2014. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based survey was performed on a representative sample of urban and rural individuals aged ≥50 years of the province. Blindness was defined as presenting visual acuity (PVA) <3/60 in the better eye. Moderate visual impairment (MVI) and severe visual impairment (SVI) were defined as 6/60 ≤ PVA <6/18 and 3/60 ≤ PVA <6/60 in the better eye, respectively...
April 19, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421399/effect-of-intravitreal-aflibercept-eylea-%C3%A2-on-retrobulbar-hemodynamics-in-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Mustafa Gok, Hasan Burhanettin Kapti
PURPOSE: To investigate the short-term effect of single intravitreal aflibercept injection on retrobulbar blood flow in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 patients with nAMD scheduled for single intravitreal aflibercept (Eylea(®)) injection and 20 fellow eyes (uninjected) were enrolled in this prospective interventional study. The hemodynamic parameters of the ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA) and posterior ciliary artery (PCA) comprising peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and resistive index (RI) were measured by using color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in both injected and uninjected fellow eyes at baseline and 1 week after the injection...
April 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419398/pre-existing-rpe-atrophy-and-defects-in-the-external-limiting-membrane-predict-early-poor-visual-response-to-ranibizumab-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
Souska Zandi, Florian Weisskopf, Justus G Garweg, Isabel B Pfister, Christian Pruente, Florian Sutter, Katja Hatz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the rate of early visual acuity poor responders in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after the first intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) and to determine potential predictors for early response. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to AMD were evaluated before and 1 month after their first ranibizumab treatment...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419397/influence-of-retinal-pathology-on-the-reliability-of-macular-thickness-measurement-a-comparison-between-optical-coherence-tomography-devices
#12
Bobak Bahrami, Shaun Y P Ewe, Thomas Hong, Meidong Zhu, Germane Ong, Kehui Luo, Andrew Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the repeatability, reliability, and comparability of macular thickness measurements between three optical coherence tomography (OCT) machines in healthy eyes, eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME), and eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three eyes with DME, 26 eyes with nAMD, and 24 healthy eyes as controls were evaluated. Scans were performed using the swept-source Triton (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan), the spectral-domain Cirrus (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), and the Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) machines...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419396/correlation-between-mesopic-retinal-sensitivity-and-optical-coherence-tomographic-metrics-of-the-outer-retina-in-patients-with-non-atrophic-dry-age-related-macular-degeneration
#13
Tudor C Tepelus, Amir H Hariri, Mayss Al-Sheikh, SriniVas R Sadda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between mesopic retinal sensitivity and optical coherence tomographic metrics of the outer retina in patients with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants with nonatrophic dry AMD underwent mesopic MP-3 microperimetry (Nidek, Padova, Italy) and both Nidek and Cirrus (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The volume of the outer retinal layers was measured on the Nidek SD-OCT scans using the automatic segmentation algorithm of Navis-EX software...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418494/prevalence-natural-course-and-prognostic-role-of-refractile-drusen-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#14
Akio Oishi, Sarah Thiele, Jennifer Nadal, Maho Oishi, Monika Fleckenstein, Matthias Schmid, Frank G Holz, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg
Purpose: To report prevalence, clinical characteristics, and prognostic significance of refractile drusen in eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Presence of refractile drusen by color fundus photography (CFP), corresponding findings by multimodal imaging, and longitudinal changes with annual examinations for up to 4 years were analyzed within a prospective natural history study of 98 eyes with non-late AMD of 98 patients (Age-Related Eye Disease Study [AREDS] stages 3 and 4)...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415701/wogonin-induces-retinal-neuron-like-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-stem-cells-by-inhibiting-notch-1-signaling
#15
Qinmeng Shu, Hong Zhuang, Jiawen Fan, Xin Wang, Gezhi Xu
Age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa are major causes of irreversible vision loss in the elderly and, despite sustained efforts, current treatments are largely ineffective. Wogonin is a bioactive plant flavonoid possessing a range of beneficial properties, including neuroprotective effects. We investigated the ability of wogonin to promote retinal neuron-like differentiation of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) and assessed the involvement of Notch-1 signaling in this process. Cultured mouse BMSCs were left untreated or exposed to neurotrophic factors in the presence or absence of wogonin, and western blotting, RT-PCR and immunofluorescence were used to identify changes in molecular markers of stemness and neuroretinal differentiation...
March 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412773/massive-subretinal-and-subretinal-pigment-epithelial-hemorrhage-displacement-with-perfluorocarbon-liquid-using-a-two-step-vitrectomy-technique
#16
Efrat Fleissig, Adiel Barak, Michaela Goldstein, Anat Loewenstein, Shulamit Schwartz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and visual outcome of massive submacular hemorrhage (SMH) displacement with a planned two-step pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) using tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) tamponade. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with age related macular degeneration and SMH was used. All patients underwent a 23G PPV, subretinal tPA injection and a medium term PFCL tamponade...
April 15, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410712/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-to-screen-for-macular-pathology-in-eyes-having-routine-cataract-surgery
#17
Sidra Zafar, M A Rehman Siddiqui, Rida Shahzad, Masroor H Shahzad
PURPOSE: To determine the incremental benefit of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in identifying occult macular disease preoperatively in patients scheduled for routine cataract surgery. SETTING: Shahzad Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Preoperative SS-OCT scans were performed in all patients scheduled to have cataract surgery between January and March 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408876/effects-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-on-postural-sway
#18
Hortense Chatard, Laure Tepenier, Olivier Jankowski, Antoine Aussems, Alain Allieta, Talal Beydoun, Sawsen Salah, Maria P Bucci
Purpose: To compare the impact of unilateral vs. bilateral age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on postural sway, and the influence of different visual conditions. The hypothesis of our study was that the impact of AMD will be different between unilateral and bilateral AMD subjects compared to age-matched healthy elderly. Methods: Postural stability was measured with a platform (TechnoConcept®) in 10 elderly unilateral AMD subjects (mean age: 71.1 ± 4.6 years), 10 elderly bilateral AMD subjects (mean age: 70...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407919/analytical-validation-of-an-ultraviolet-visible-procedure-for-determining-lutein-concentration-and-application-to-lutein-loaded-nanoparticles
#19
Jéssica Thaís do Prado Silva, Anderson Clayton da Silva, Julia Maria Tonin Geiss, Pedro Henrique Hermes de Araújo, Daniela Becker, Lívia Bracht, Fernanda Vitória Leimann, Evandro Bona, Gustavo Petri Guerra, Odinei Hess Gonçalves
Lutein is a carotenoid presenting known anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Lutein-rich diets have been associated with neurological improvement as well as reduction of the risk of vision loss due to Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). Micro and nanoencapsulation have demonstrated to be effective techniques in protecting lutein against degradation and also in improving its bioavailability. However, actual lutein concentration inside the capsules and encapsulation efficiency are key parameters that must be precisely known when designing in vitro and in vivo tests...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406859/visual-acuity-improvement-when-switching-from-ranibizumab-to-aflibercept-is-not-sustained
#20
Cecilia S Lee, Alisa J Kim, Douglas Baughman, Catherine Egan, Clare Bailey, Robert L Johnston, Salim Natha, Rehna Khan, Christopher Brand, Toks Akerele, Martin McKibbin, Louise Downey, Saher Al-Husainy, Aaron Y Lee, Adnan Tufail
PURPOSE: To assess whether visual benefits exist in switching to aflibercept in patients who have been chronically treated with ranibizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: A multicenter, national, electronic medical record database study was performed. Patients undergoing six continuous monthly ranibizumab injections and then switched to continuous aflibercept were matched to those on continuous ranibizumab therapy. Matching was performed in a 2:1 ratio and based on visual acuity 6 months before and at the time of the switch, and the number of previous ranibizumab injections...
April 11, 2017: Retina
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