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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323591/treatment-and-monitoring-of-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-pilots
#1
Ari Shinojima, Ryusaburo Mori, Kyoko Fujita, Mitsuko Yuzawa
BACKGROUND: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), which has the characteristics of a serous retinal detachment (SRD) in the macular area, affects mostly men in the 30- to 50-yr age range. Some patients have persistent SRD, which may cause retinal thinning and photoreceptor impairment. CSC symptoms are gradual vision loss and/or metamorphopsia. Some commercial airline pilots are concerned about CSC symptoms, which can disqualify them from flying for months and can also reoccur. Thus, careful monitoring and treatment of CSC are critical for pilots, especially those with chronic or recurrent CSC...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319064/oct4-controls-mitotic-stability-and-inactivates-the-rb-tumor-suppressor-pathway-to-enhance-ovarian-cancer-aggressiveness
#2
E Comisso, M Scarola, M Rosso, S Piazza, S Marzinotto, Y Ciani, M Orsaria, L Mariuzzi, C Schneider, S Schoeftner, R Benetti
OCT4 (Octamer-binding transcription factor 4) is essential for embryonic stem cell self-renewal. Here we show that OCT4 increases the aggressiveness of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HG-SOC) by inactivating the Retinoblastoma tumor suppressor pathway and enhancing mitotic stability in cancer cells. OCT4 drives the expression of Nuclear Inhibitor of Protein Phosphatase type 1 (NIPP1) and Cyclin F (CCNF) that together inhibit Protein Phosphatase 1 (PP1). This results in pRB hyper-phosphorylation, accelerated cell proliferation and increased in vitro tumorigenicity of ovarian cancer cells...
March 20, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306346/risk-factors-for-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-multivariate-approach-in-a-case-control-study
#3
Irini Chatziralli, Stamatina A Kabanarou, Efstratios Parikakis, Alexandros Chatzirallis, Tina Xirou, Panagiotis Mitropoulos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the potential risk factors associated independently with central serous retinopathy (CSR) in a Greek population, using multivariate approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in the study were 183 consecutive patients diagnosed with CSR and 183 controls, matched for age. All participants underwent complete ophthalmological examination and information regarding their sociodemographic, clinical, medical and ophthalmological history were recorded, so as to assess potential risk factors for CSR...
March 17, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283732/comparison-of-half-dose-photodynamic-therapy-and-689-nm-laser-treatment-in-eyes-with-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#4
Andrea Russo, Raffaele Turano, Francesco Morescalchi, Elena Gambicorti, Anna Cancarini, Sarah Duse, Ciro Costagliola, Francesco Semeraro
PURPOSE: To compare visual and anatomical outcomes between half-dose photodynamic therapy (hd-PDT) and 689 nm laser therapy (689-LT) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: Forty eyes of 40 patients with symptomatic chronic CSC were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either hd-PDT or 689-LT delivering 95 J/cm(2) via an intensity application of 805 mW/cm(2) over 118 s. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings were compared between the two treatment groups...
March 10, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277988/therapy-rationale-for-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-acetazolamide-and-a-switch-of-therapy-in-nonresponders-in-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#5
Anne Rübsam, Claudia E Thieme, Juliane Schlomberg, Sibylle Winterhalter, Bert Müller, Antonia M Joussen, Nicole Stübiger
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonists in comparison to acetazolamide and observation in the treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy. METHODS: Retrospective, interventional cohort study on 93 patients with acute or chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (37 patients: acetazolamide group, 20 patients: mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonist group, 8 patients: observation group, and 27 patients with a therapy switch between both medications)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267114/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-flat-irregular-pigment-epithelium-detachment-in-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#6
Elodie Bousquet, Sophie Bonnin, Sarah Mrejen, Valérie Krivosic, Ramin Tadayoni, Alain Gaudric
PURPOSE: To assess the rate of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) detected by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in flat irregular pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. METHODS: Data on all consecutive patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy who underwent OCTA over a 1-year period were reviewed. The presence of flat irregular PED, which was defined as an irregular elevation of the retinal pigment epithelium allowing the visualization of a distinct Bruch's membrane was assessed on high-resolution OCT B-scan...
March 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247011/population-pharmacokinetics-of-abt-767-in-brca1-or-brca2-mutation-carriers-with-advanced-solid-tumors-or-in-subjects-with-high-grade-serous-ovarian-primary-peritoneal-or-fallopian-tube-cancer
#7
Rajendar K Mittapalli, Silpa Nuthalapati, Stacie Peacock Shepherd, Hao Xiong
PURPOSE: The objective of the manuscript is to describe the development of a population pharmacokinetic model for ABT-767, a potent and orally bioavailable inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase enzyme, and to evaluate the potential influence of patient demographics and baseline covariates on the pharmacokinetics of ABT-767. METHODS: A total of 1809 plasma ABT-767 concentrations from 90 subjects were used for population pharmacokinetic modeling. Covariates screened for influence on pharmacokinetic parameters were body weight, lean body weight, body surface area, albumin, creatinine clearance, serum creatinine, liver function tests, and age...
February 28, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242123/bilateral-exudative-retinal-detachment-associated-with-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-a-patient-treated-with-corticosteroids
#8
T Rueda-Rueda, J L Sánchez-Vicente, L Llerena-Manzorro, A Medina-Tapia, L González-García, A Alfaro-Juárez, C Vital-Berral, F López-Herrero, A Muñoz-Morales, L S Ortega, Á Herrador-Montiel
CASE REPORT: The case is presented on a 54-year-old woman with a central serous chorioretinopathy, misdiagnosed as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, and treated with systemic corticosteroids. The patient presented with a bilateral bullous exudative retinal detachment. DISCUSSION: Discontinuation of corticosteroid therapy, surgical drainage of subretinal fluid, and photodynamic therapy, led to anatomical and functional improvement. The recognition of an atypical presentation of central serous chorioretinopathy may avoid complications of the inappropriate treatment with corticosteroids...
February 24, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241069/early-post-treatment-choroidal-thickness-to-alert-sunset-glow-fundus-in-patients-with-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-treated-with-systemic-corticosteroids
#9
Kiriko Hirooka, Wataru Saito, Kenichi Namba, Kazuomi Mizuuchi, Daiju Iwata, Yuki Hashimoto, Susumu Ishida
PURPOSE: To determine if early post-treatment central choroidal thickness (CCT) changes can predict sunset glow fundus (SGF) development in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease treated using systemic corticosteroids. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 39 eyes of 21 treatment-naïve patients with acute VKH disease who could be followed up for more than 12 months after systemic corticosteroid therapy. The eyes were divided into two groups according to whether SGF was present or absent at 12 months (9 eyes of 5 patients versus 30 eyes of 16 patients, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239828/the-relation-of-the-serum-aldosterone-level-and-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-a-pilot-study
#10
Q Gong, X-H Sun, S-T Yuan, Q-H Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the serum aldosterone level and abnormal levels of mineral corticoid in patients with the central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All recruited patients with CSC received fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and serum aldosterone assay. The patients were classified into spontaneously resolved group and unresolved group according to a 3-months follow-up of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) examination...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237171/atypical-transient-subretinal-exudation-following-photodynamic-therapy-for-chronic-central-serous-retinopathy-a-case-report
#11
Ahmad Al-Awadi, Efrem D Mandelcorn, Sohel Somani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210185/neoplastic-leptomeningeal-disease-masquerading-as-central-serous-retinopathy-a-case-report
#12
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Hanif J Suleman, Peter Cikatricis, Helen Palmer
A 69-year-old man became aware of people's speech being out of synch with their lip movements alongside persistent headaches, both of which progressively worsened. A few weeks later, he developed progressive and painless visual loss in one eye. Initial neurological evaluation, inflammatory markers and head computed tomography scan were normal. Ophthalmological examination and OCT scan revealed right macular subretinal fluid with choroidal indentation, which prompted urgent further investigations including head MRI revealing extensive leptomeningeal disease...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202118/-clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-macrophage-activation-syndrome
#13
Li Guo, Mei-Ping Lu, Gui-Juan Dong, Li-Ping Teng, Yi-Ping Xu, Li-Xia Zou, Qi Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and laboratory features of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) at the early stage of diagnosis, and to explore a method for early identification of MAS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the demographic data, clinical and laboratory features, and treatment outcomes of 21 MAS patients. RESULTS: Of the 21 MAS patients, 14 had systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, 5 had Kawasaki disease (KD), and 2 had connective tissue disease (CTD) as primary diseases...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195007/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#14
Hyun-Jae Woo, Peter H Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188952/risk-factors-for-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#15
Mamoru Morikawa, Kazutoshi Cho, Takashi Kojima, Kentaro Chiba, Satoshi Ishikawa, Takeshi Umazume, Kinuko Nakagawa, Takashi Yamada, Takahiro Yamada, Hisanori Minakami
AIM: This study was performed to determine risk factors for central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in pregnant women. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was performed in a cohort of all 1881 women giving birth at a single center. The hospital database was searched to abstract all women diagnosed with pre-eclampsia (PE) as well as those visiting the eye clinic during the current pregnancy. Medical chart review was performed in all women diagnosed with CSC and PE...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186886/joint-segmentation-of-retinal-layers-and-focal-lesions-in-3d-oct-data-of-topologically-disrupted-retinas
#16
Jelena Novosel, Koenraad Vermeer, Jan H de Jong, Ziyuan Wang, Lucas Van Vliet
Accurate quantification of retinal structures in 3D optical coherence tomography data of eyes with pathologies provides clinically relevant information. We present an approach to jointly segment retinal layers and lesions in eyes with topology-disrupting retinal diseases by a loosely coupled level sets framework. In the new approach, lesions are modelled as an additional space-variant layer delineated by auxiliary interfaces. Furthermore, the segmentation of interfaces is steered by local differences in the signal between adjacent retinal layers thereby allowing the approach to handle local intensity variations...
February 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181178/the-ocular-manifestations-of-drugs-used-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis
#17
REVIEW
Gregory Heath, Archana Airody, Richard Peter Gale
Recent times have seen an increase in the number of options to treat multiple sclerosis. Ocular manifestations of multiple sclerosis are well known to treating physicians; however, the medications used to treat multiple sclerosis can also have ocular side effects. This review article focuses on the ocular manifestations of corticosteroids and disease-modifying agents such as interferon, fingolomod, natalizumab, alemtuzumab and mitoxantron used to treat the disease. The ocular manifestations of multiple sclerosis treatments can be varied depending on the drug used, and include retinopathy, chronic central serous chorioretinopathy, macular oedema, Graves' ophthalmopathy and cortical blindness...
February 8, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171877/a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-study-of-antioxidant-supplementation-with-lutein-for-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#18
Ari Shinojima, Miki Sawa, Tetsuju Sekiryu, Yuji Oshima, Ryusaburo Mori, Chikako Hara, Yukinori Sugano, Aki Kato, Hitomi Asato, Mitsuko Yuzawa, Fumi Gomi, Yuichiro Ogura, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Tomoaki Nanri, Tsutomu Yasukawa
PURPOSE: To investigate functional and morphological changes in patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy after supplementation with antioxidants containing lutein or a placebo. PROCEDURES: One hundred eyes of 100 patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, one taking tablets with lutein plus other antioxidants and the other taking a placebo for 6 months. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the subfoveal fluid height on optical coherence tomography were measured...
February 8, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171871/effect-of-photodynamic-therapy-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-eyes-with-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#19
Yishuang Xu, Yu Su, Lu Li, Hang Qi, Hongmei Zheng, Changzheng Chen
PURPOSE: To analyze the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in order to observe the changes in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CCSC) after half-dose photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: This is a retrospective study evaluating an imaging technique in a cohort of patients. Fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) (Heidelberg Spectralis, Heidelberg, Germany), OCT, and OCTA with the split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm (XR Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA) were performed prior to half-dose PDT...
February 8, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160192/study-of-aqueous-cytokines-in-patients-with-different-patterns-of-diabetic-macular-edema-based-on-optical-coherence-tomography
#20
Sabyasachi Bandyopadhyay, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Mita Saha, Abhik Sinha
PURPOSE: To compare aqueous angiogenic and inflammatory cytokine concentrations in different patterns of diabetic macular edema (DME) based on optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted between July 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016, for 9 months. Aqueous samples were obtained from 52 consecutive DME patients and 16 controls. DME patients were divided according to OCT patterns into diffuse retinal thickening (DRT; n = 17), cystoid macular edema (CME; n = 20) and serous retinal detachment (SRD; n = 15) groups...
February 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
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