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organ phosphorus intoxication

R C Collicchio-Zuanaze, M Sakate, L Langrafe, R K Takahira, C Burini
Sodium fluoroacetate (SFAC) is a potent rodenticide, largely used for rodent and domestic pest control. The toxic effects of SFAC are caused by fluoroacetate, a toxic metabolite, whose toxic action blocks the Krebs cycle and also induces the accumulation of citrate in the body, which is a serum calcium chelator. The most common clinical signs of this intoxication are the cardiac and neurological effects. However, the hematological, biochemical and histopathological findings occurring in intoxication are still unknown in different species...
November 2010: Human & Experimental Toxicology
A E Taylor
588.780 grm. of frogs, all of the same sex, of the same comparative approximate weights, taken from the ground about the same time, kept awake and without food for nearly the same time, were divided into equal groups; the one group was poisoned with phosphorus, the other group held as a control. The frogs in the poisoned group lost in dried residue 8.821 grm. or 16.5 per cent of the dried residue of the control group; 1.182 grm. of nitrogen, corresponding to 7.388 of proteid, or 18.45 per cent of the nitrogen and protein in the control frogs; 1...
May 1, 1899: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Alexander Panossian, Georg Wikman
Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Bail. is often referred to as an example of a medicinal plant with use in modern Chinese medicine. However, Schisandra chinensis first gained recognition as an adaptogen in the official medicine of the USSR in the early 1960s, principally as a result of the large number of pharmacological and clinical studies carried out by Russian scientists in the preceding two decades. Schizandra has now secured an established position within the medicine of Russia/USSR as evidenced by the inclusion of the drug in recent editions of the National Pharmacopoeia of the USSR and in the State Register of Drugs...
July 23, 2008: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
T A Charova
The paper presents the data of a clinical study of the functional status of the thyroid in patients who experienced acute sarin and soman intoxication that was a cause of various psychoneurological disorders. The reduced blood level of thyroid hormones in the examinees and the absence of its normalization suggest severe thyroid dysfunction, which allows necessary therapeutic measures to be warranted.
March 2007: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Mercedes Masó, Esther Garcés
HAB occurrence is becoming more frequent and problematic in marine recreational waters. However, the exploitation of the coastal area for recreational use is promoting the necessary conditions for the HAB increase. In terms of the harmful effects, we can consider two types of causative organism: the toxic producers and the high-biomass producers. Toxic events can be produced by a very low concentration of the causative organism. This characteristic implies a difficulty for the monitoring programs in relation to human health...
2006: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Wen-Hung Huang, Ja-Liang Lin
Fertilizers are used to promote the survival and growth of plants and crops and have a good safety record when used properly. The basic elements in fertilizer include phosphorus, nitrite, and potassium. In addition, there are additive agents that vary for different crops and which may include some metals. Acute intoxication by ingesting fertilizer includes damage to various organ systems as well as severe cardiovascular or respiratory distress. We report the case of a 64-year-old man who ingested about 700 mL of fertilizer and suffered acute renal failure, hyperkalemia, and mild methemoglobinemia...
2004: Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 1963: Prensa Médica Argentina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1961: Algérie Médicale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1958: Voprosy Medit︠s︡inskoĭ Khimii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1954: Medizinische Monatsschrift
I O Baĭdaulet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2003: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Tetsuya Endo, Koichi Haraguchi, Masakatsu Sakata
Some people living in Japan have traditionally eaten the internal organs of small cetaceans (toothed whales and dolphins), and a mixed package of boiled liver, kidney, lung, and so on is still marketed for human consumption. Recently, we reported that these organs are highly contaminated with mercury. In this study, we investigated the absorption, distribution, excretion, and biochemical parameters in serum and urine after a single oral administration of boiled whale liver containing 1980 microg/g of total mercury and 23...
April 2003: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Hélène Roche, Astrid Buet, François Ramade
The Reserve of Biosphere of Camargue [French National Nature Reserve of Camargue (NNRC)] is a protected area frequently exposed to natural and anthropogenic environmental alterations. To evaluate potential contamination of fish with lipophilic chemicals-organochlorines (OCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)-a biological monitoring survey was carried out. Metabolic reserve levels were evaluated to select appropriate biological indicators able to be significant biomarkers. In addition, the incorporation of xenobiotic molecules in the lipid compartments was investigated...
November 2002: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Ismail Hamdi Kara, Cahfer Güloğlu, Aziz Karabulut, Murat Orak
In this study, sociodemographic, laboratory, and clinical features of cases of organic phosphorus (OP) intoxication in the Southeast Anatolian region of Turkey were investigated. Patients with OP intoxication admitted to the Emergency Service of Dicle University Hospital in Diyarbakyir City between May and August 1998 were evaluated. This prospective cohort study included five male (M) and 19 female (F) consecutive patients. Five cases were accidental intoxication; however, 19 cases were suicide attempts. Mean age of cases was 24+/-11 years; 54...
February 2002: Environmental Research
V Petkova
Complete clinical examination covered 37 patients in various stages after acute occupational poisonings with pesticides (8 examinees), with explosive gases (9 subjects), with carbon oxide (3 examinees), with cadmium oxides (1 examinee), with nitrogen compounds (4 ones), with sulfurous gases (2 examinees), with organic solvents (10 subjects) including chlorinated hydrocarbons (2 subjects). Post-intoxication period appeared to include syndromes characteristic for each poison and corresponding to severity of acute state (from cephalgia to parkinsonism and thyrotoxicosis after acute poisoning with carbon oxide, organic neurologic signs and toxic hepatitis after acute poisoning with phosphorus organic compounds, cerebral asthenia after acute exposure to organic solvents, severe encephalopathy and toxic auditory and optic neuropathy after hydrogen sulfide)...
2001: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
J M Levengood, G C Sanderson, W L Anderson, G L Foley, P W Brown, J W Seets
Changes in hematological and serum biochemistry parameters in female zinc (Zn)-dosed farm-raised mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) fed four different diets were examined. Sixty ducks received an average dose of 0.97 g of Zn in the form of eight, 3.30-mm diameter shot pellets containing 98% Zn and 2% tin, and another 60 ducks were sham-dosed as controls. Fifteen ducks from each of the two dosing groups were assigned to one of four dietary treatments: corn only, corn with soil, commercial duck ration only, or commercial duck ration with soil...
January 2000: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
I S Dobzhanskiĭ, E G Gershteĭn, T P Abaeva
The authors discuss a possibility to estimate risk of chronic intoxication by 2,4-D agricultural preparations and phosphorus organic pesticides among rural inhabitants having occupational contact with the chemicals. The estimation could be based on lipid metabolism parameters.
1996: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
T Morita, T Awakura, A Shimada, T Umemura, T Nagai, A Haruna
A pathological study on 5 of 21 cats affected naturally with systemic calcinosis was performed. The animals ranged in age from 1 to 9 years. Hematology and serum chemistry analyses showed the elevated values of phosphorus, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine. X-ray examination disclosed the increased density of systemic bones. Histologically, marked calcification was present at the vascular walls of almost all the organs including the lungs, trachea, kidneys, heart, aorta, alimentary tracts, choroid plexus and bones...
October 1995: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
H Boulahdour, J L Poncy, J P Berry, P Galle
Two methods, electron microscopy and wavelength dispersive electron probe microanalysis, were used to determine the intracellular sites and chemical form of concentrations of neptunium nitrate 237 after chronic intoxication by the intraperitoneal route in two organs in the rat known to concentrate this element (kidney, liver). Abnormal intranuclear formations in the form of clusters of dense granules containing neptunium, phosphorus, sulphur, and calcium were found in the nuclei of kidney proximal tubule cells and hepatocytes...
July 1995: International Journal of Radiation Biology
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