keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Assisted surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814057/a-study-on-the-cough-augmentation-using-a-belt-driven-assistive
#1
Sang-Yoep Lee, Kyu-Jin Cho
Coughing is one of the most important mechanisms performed in human body in that it removes mucus. The absence of enough ability to remove mucus leads to accumulation of the mucus on the airway, followed by possible complications such as pneumonia and atelectasis. Patients with diseases or disorders such as spinal cord injury have weakened ability in coughing. So far, there have been various treatments such as intubation surgery, mechanical insufflation-exsufflation or manual assistance provided by paramedic...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813634/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Xubing Zhang, Qingbin Wu, Tao Hu, Chaoyang Gu, Liang Bi, Ziqiang Wang
AIM: This meta-analysis aims to compare hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) with conventional laparoscopic surgery (LAS) for colorectal cancer (CRC) in terms of intraoperative, postoperative, and survival outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search with no limits was performed in PubMed, Embase, and Medline. The last search was performed on March 31, 2017. The outcomes of interests included intraoperative outcomes (operative time, blood loss, length of incision, transfusion, conversion, and lymph nodes harvested), postoperative outcomes (length of hospital stay, time to first flatus, time to first bowel movement, postoperative complications, mortality, reoperation, ileus, anastomotic leakage, postoperative bleeding, wound infection, intra-abdominal abscess, urinary complication, cardiopulmonary complication, and readmission), and 5-year survival outcomes...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812257/robotic-assisted-microvascular-surgery-skill-acquisition-in-a-rat-model
#3
Nicholas S Clarke, Johnathan Price, Travis Boyd, Stefano Salizzoni, Kenton J Zehr, Alejandro Nieponice, Pietro Bajona
Microsurgery is a technically demanding field with long learning curves. Robotic-assisted microsurgery has the ability to decrease these learning curves. We, therefore, sought to assess the feasibility of robotic-assisted microvascular surgery in a rat model, and whether this could be translated into a worthwhile skills acquisition exercise for residents. Twenty-eight rats underwent microvascular anastomosis. Procedures were performed by a trained microvascular surgeon with no robotic experience (n = 14), or a trained robotic surgeon with no microvascular experience (n = 14)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812193/cost-analysis-of-robot-assisted-choledochotomy-and-common-bile-duct-exploration-as-an-option-for-complex-choledocholithiasis
#4
Ahmed Almamar, Nawar A Alkhamesi, Ward T Davies, Christopher M Schlachta
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of elective, robot-assisted choledochotomy and common bile duct exploration (RCD/CBDE) compared to open surgery for ERCP refractory choledocholithiasis. METHOD: A prospective database of all RCD/CBDE has been maintained since our first procedure in April 2007 though April 2016. With ethics approval, this database was compared with all contemporaneous elective open procedures (OCD/CBDE) performed since March 2005...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811987/early-complications-and-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-an-nsqip-study-based-on-5803-patients
#5
Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Kevin Phan, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Dante M Leven, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for short-term postoperative complications following elective adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to query the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811854/factors-associated-with-psycho-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-persistent-pain-after-surgery-for-femoral-neck-fracture
#6
Atsushi Kitayama, Mitsumasa Hida, Hidenobu Takami, Naoki Hirata, Yuko Deguchi, Kazuya Miyaguchi, Masako Nakazono, Rie Nakagawa, Noriyuki Fukumoto, Katsumi Hamaoka
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to address issues arising from fracture of the femoral neck in elderly individuals, the prevalence of which continues to increase in Japan. The prevalence is increasing in Japan and there have been many reports on physical functions such as prevention of a fall. However, there have been a few studies that focus on psycho-cognitive functions. We must examine factors in patients with fractured femur necks to develop methods to assist affected patients...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811552/deregulation-of-transcription-factors-controlling-intestinal-epithelial-cell-differentiation-a-predisposing-factor-for-reduced-enteroendocrine-cell-number-in-morbidly-obese-individuals
#7
Bettina K Wölnerhanssen, Andrew W Moran, Galina Burdyga, Anne Christin Meyer-Gerspach, Ralph Peterli, Michael Manz, Miriam Thumshirn, Kristian Daly, Christoph Beglinger, Soraya P Shirazi-Beechey
Morbidly obese patients exhibit impaired secretion of gut hormones that may contribute to the development of obesity. After bariatric surgery there is a dramatic increase in gut hormone release. In this study, gastric and duodenal tissues were endoscopically collected from lean, and morbidly obese subjects before and 3 months after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Tissue morphology, abundance of chromogranin A, gut hormones, α-defensin, mucin 2, Na(+)/glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1) and transcription factors, Hes1, HATH1, NeuroD1, and Ngn3, were determined...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811044/learning-how-to-teach-one-a-needs-assessment-of-the-state-of-faculty-development-within-the-consortium-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-accredited-education-institutes
#8
John T Paige, Nehal N Khamis, Jeffrey B Cooper
BACKGROUND: Developing faculty competencies in curriculum development, teaching, and assessment using simulation is critical for the success of the Consortium of the American College of Surgeons Accredited Education Institutes program. The state of and needs for faculty development in the Accredited Education Institute community are unknown currently. The Faculty Development Committee of the Consortium of the Accredited Education Institutes conducted a survey of Accredited Education Institutes to ascertain what types of practices are used currently, with what frequency, and what needs are perceived for further programs and courses to guide the plan of action for the Faculty Development Committee...
August 12, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807798/clinically-undetected-retinal-breaks-causing-retinal-detachment-options-for-management
#9
REVIEW
Deepak Gupta, Jared Ching, Paul E Tornambe
The successful detection of retinal breaks is a critical step in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) surgery in order to prevent persistent/recurrent RRDs. Not all retinal breaks causing retinal detachments are obvious. Retinal breaks may be obscured due to opacities that are either anterior-segment related, lens related or posterior-segment related. Rules to identify breaks based on sub-retinal fluid (SRF) configuration are more difficult to apply in pseudophakic, aphakic, encircled eyes, and eyes with repeat detachments and those with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR)...
August 11, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807397/colorectal-endometriosis-associated-infertility-should-surgery-precede-art
#10
Sofiane Bendifallah, Horace Roman, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Salma Touleimat, Jonathan Cohen, Emile Darai, Marcos Ballester
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of first-line assisted reproductive technology (ART; intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]-IVF) and first-line colorectal surgery followed by ART on fertility outcomes in women with colorectal endometriosis-associated infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study using propensity score (PS) matching (PSM) analysis. SETTING: University referral centers. PATIENT(S): A total of 110 women were analyzed from January 2005 to June 2014...
August 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807250/a-systematic-review-on-radiofrequency-assisted-laparoscopic-liver-resection-challenges-and-window-to-excel
#11
REVIEW
Isabella Reccia, Jayant Kumar, Tomokazu Kusano, Artur Zanellato, Ahmed Draz, Duncan Spalding, Nagy Habib, Madhava Pai
Laparoscopic liver resection has progressively gained acceptance as a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of benign and malignant liver neoplasms. However, blood loss remains the major challenge in liver surgery. Several techniques and devices have been introduced in liver surgery in order to minimize intraoperative haemorrhage during parenchymal transection. Radiofrequency (RF)-assisted liver resection has been shown to be an effective method to minimize bleeding in open and laparoscopic liver resection...
September 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806378/gummy-smile-correction-using-lingual-orthodontics-and-augmented-corticotomy-in-extremely-thin-alveolar-housing
#12
Kyung-Yen Nahm, Seung-Yun Shin, Hyo-Won Ahn, Seong-Hun Kim, Gerald Nelson
BACKGROUND: Tooth movement out of anatomic limitations was assisted by augmented corticotomy using deproteinized bovine bone mineral. METHODS: Lip protrusion can be reduced by premolar extraction followed by retraction of the anterior teeth. Surgical intervention is appropriate when the alveolar bone housing of the anterior region is insufficient for the tooth movement. In this patient, corticotomy in upper palatal area and anterior segmented osteotomy in the mandible were performed...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806174/left-ventricular-apex-venting-in-high-risk-redo-sternotomy-with-severe-aortic-insufficiency-a-case-report
#13
Brett J Wakefield, Alexander J Leone, Shiva Sale
Redo cardiac surgery in patients with severe aortic insufficiency can present unique challenges to the anesthesiologist. We report a case highlighting the challenge and importance of interdisciplinary planning between cardiothoracic surgeons and anesthesiologists prior to high-risk surgery. Failure to place an endoaortic balloon and percutaneous coronary sinus catheter due to anatomical abnormalities prompted the adoption of an alternate technique involving apical ventricular venting to assist sternal reentry...
August 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805779/-treatment-of-inflammatory-complications-of-colic-diverticular-disease-at-the-emergency-surgical-care-hospital
#14
P A Reznitsky, P A Yartsev, N V Shavrina
AIM: To assess an effectiveness of minimally invasive and laparoscopic technologies in treatment of inflammatory complications of colic diverticular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 150 patients who were divided into control and main groups. Survey included ultrasound, X-ray examination and abdominal computerized tomography. In the main group standardized treatment algorithm including minimally invasive and laparoscopic technologies was used. RESULTS: In the main group 79 patients underwent conservative treatment, minimally invasive (ultrasound-assisted percutaneous drainage of abscesses) and laparoscopic surgery that was successful in 78 (98...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805352/vagus-nerve-schwannoma-in-the-right-upper-mediastinum
#15
WeiPeng Zhu, DongHong Chen
A 35-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with an abnormal shadow on her chest roentgenogram. Computed tomography showed that a tumor was located in the right upper mediastinum. Resection of the tumor by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed. Operative findings determined that the tumor originated from the right vagus nerve and was diagnosed as schwannoma by pathological examination.
August 14, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#16
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804889/a-randomised-trial-comparing-real-time-double-lumen-endobronchial-tube-placement-with-the-disposcope-%C3%A2-with-conventional-blind-placement
#17
P T Chen, C K Ting, M Y Lee, H W Cheng, K H Chan, W K Chang
Double-lumen endobronchial tube placement is challenging. This study compared double-lumen tube placement with the Disposcope(®) , a wireless videostylet allowing real-time visualisation, with conventional blind placement. Patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery with normal airways requiring one-lung ventilation were randomly allocated into two groups (27 patients in each group). The Disposcope was used to assist left-sided double-lumen tube placement in one group, and conventional blind placement was performed in the control group...
September 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804703/hybrid-intraoperative-imaging-techniques-in-radioguided-surgery-present-clinical-applications-and-future-outlook
#18
REVIEW
S L Bugby, J E Lees, A C Perkins
PURPOSE: This review aims to summarise the hybrid modality radioguidance techniques currently in clinical use and development, and to discuss possible future avenues of research. Due to the novelty of these approaches, evidence of their clinical relevance does not yet exist. The purpose of this review is to inform nuclear medicine practitioners of current cutting edge research in radioguided surgery which may enter standard clinical practice within the next 5-10 years. Hybrid imaging is of growing importance to nuclear medicine diagnostics, but it is only with recent advances in technology that hybrid modalities are being investigated for use during radioguided surgery...
2017: Clinical and Translational Imaging: Reviews in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804633/fractalkine-c-x3-c-motif-chemokine-ligand-1-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-colorectal-cancer-patients
#19
Diego Oliveira Miranda, Elen Anatriello, Lucas Ribeiro Azevedo, Jessica Cristina Santos, Jessica Fernanda Correa Cordeiro, Fernanda Maris Peria, Milena Flória-Santos, Gabriela Pereira-Da-Silva
Fractalkine, a unique chemokine of the CX3C subfamily, is involved in the pathogenesis of different types of cancer and also in non-immune mechanisms associated with psychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between anxiety, depression and fractalkine serum levels in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in different stages of antitumor therapy. Four groups of patients undergoing treatment (n=20 per group) were evaluated: Patients with CRC who did not undergo surgical resection of the tumor; patients who underwent resection and who did not start adjuvant therapy; patients undergoing chemotherapy for ~3 months; and patients who had completed adjuvant chemotherapy regimen for ~6 months...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803806/the-use-of-computer-assisted-corticotomy-to-enhance-surgical-procedures
#20
Marco Finotti, Antonio Gracco, Mariarosa Del Torre, Laura Siviero, Alberto de Stefani, Giovanni Bruno
In recent years, several surgical techniques have been proposed with the main goal of reducing the length of orthodontic treatment. Some of these techniques use a piezoelectric surgical instrument to perform alveolar bone cuts and promote localized bone turnover. One of the main limitations of these surgical techniques is that corticotomies may damage dental roots since traditional radiographic examinations do not allow the surgeon to precisely determine the length and three-dimensional position of the roots...
August 10, 2017: International Orthodontics
keyword
keyword
66927
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"