keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exudative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816072/calcium-electroporation-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-metastases-a-randomized-double-blinded-phase-ii-study-comparing-the-effect-of-calcium-electroporation-with-electrochemotherapy
#1
H Falk, L W Matthiessen, G Wooler, J Gehl
BACKGROUND: Calcium electroporation is a novel anticancer treatment, which utilizes high voltage pulses to permeabilize cell membranes and expose the cell to supraphysiological doses of calcium. Preclinical studies on calcium electroporation have shown strikingly high tumor response with cell necrosis. Calcium electroporation builds on the treatment electrochemotherapy, where chemotherapeutic drugs, mostly bleomycin, are internalized by electroporation. This double-blinded randomized study compared calcium electroporation to electrochemotherapy in terms of objective response measured 6 months after treatment...
August 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815457/overexpression-of-a-peroxidase-gene-atprx64-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-in-tobacco-improves-plant-s-tolerance-to-aluminum-stress
#2
Yuanshuang Wu, Zhili Yang, Jingyi How, Huini Xu, Limei Chen, Kunzhi Li
AtPrx64 is one of the peroxidases gene up-regulated in Al stress and has some functions in the formation of plant second cell wall. Its overexpression may improve plant tolerance to Al by some ways. Studies on its function under Al stress may help us to understand the mechanism of plant tolerance to Al stress. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the expressions of some genes (AtPrxs) encoding class III plant peroxidases have been found to be either up-regulated or down-regulated under aluminum (Al) stress. Among 73 genes that encode AtPrxs in Arabidopsis, AtPrx64 is always up-regulated by Al stress, suggesting this gene plays protective roles in response to such stress...
August 16, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815057/giant-retinal-tear-after-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-advanced-unilateral-retinoblastoma
#3
Camila V Ventura, Audina M Berrocal, Jennifer Thomson, Fiona J Ehlies, Azeema Latiff, Timothy G Murray
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma is considered the most common intraocular malignancy in childhood, comprising 4% of all pediatric cancers. Management of retinoblastoma has evolved over the past two decades and intra-ophthalmic artery chemotherapy has emerged as a new modality of globe-conserving treatment with excellent results. This treatment achieves effective tumor reduction by delivering localized chemotherapy, decreases enucleation rate, and minimizes systemic and local side effects. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an 8-year-old girl with a late presentation of an advanced unilateral retinoblastoma associated to diffuse exudative retinal detachment in the right eye, classified as group E by the International Classification of Retinoblastoma...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814287/early-onset-coats-disease-initially-treated-as-unilateral-rop-at-39%C3%A2-weeks-postmenstrual-age-a-case-report
#4
Jie Peng, Qi Zhang, Chunli Chen, Qiujing Huang, Yian Li, Peiquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: This is the youngest case of Coats' disease, in terms of postmenstrual age (PMA), to be reported in the literature. This case highlights the remarkable variations in the clinical manifestations and the very early onset of Coats' disease. This case is unusual in both the age of onset and atypical clinical features, which resemble retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a preterm boy born at 31 5/7 weeks gestational age who presented with atypical Coats' disease and was initially diagnosed as having ROP of only one eye at 39 weeks PMA...
August 16, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813577/spatial-correspondence-between-intraretinal-fluid-subretinal-fluid-and-pigment-epithelial-detachment-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#5
Sophie Klimscha, Sebastian M Waldstein, Thomas Schlegl, Hrvoje Bogunovic, Amir Sadeghipour, Ana-Maria Philip, Dominika Podkowinski, Eleonore Pablik, Li Zhang, Michael D Abramoff, Milan Sonka, Bianca S Gerendas, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth
Purpose: To identify the spatial distribution of exudative features of choroidal neovascularization in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) based on the localization of intraretinal cystoid fluid (IRC), subretinal fluid (SRF), and pigment-epithelial detachment (PED). Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included spectral-domain optical coherence tomography volume scans (6 × 6 mm) of 1341 patients with treatment-naïve nAMD. IRC, SRF, and PED were detected on a per-voxel basis using fully automated segmentation algorithms...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812373/evaluation-of-factors-in-development-of-vis-nir-spectroscopy-models-for-discriminating-pse-dfd-and-normal-broiler-breast-meat
#6
Hongzhe Jiang, Seung-Chul Yoon, Hong Zhuang, Wei Wang, Yi Yang
1. To evaluate the performance of visible and near-infrared (Vis/NIR) spectroscopic models for discriminating true pale, soft and exudative (PSE), normal and dark, firm and dry (DFD) broiler breast meat in different conditions of preprocessing methods, spectral ranges, characteristic wavelengths selection and water-holding capacity (WHC) indexes. 2. Quality attributes of 214 intact chicken fillets (pectoralis major), such as lightness (L*), pH, and WHC indicators including drip loss (DL), water gain (WG), and expressible fluid (EF) were measured...
August 16, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810657/anti-exudation-effects-of-sodium-ferulate-and-oxymatrine-combination-via-modulation-of-aquaporin-1
#7
Songmei Sun, Xing Du, Mengxin Xu, Meijuan Liu, Zhifeng Liu
The present study aimed to investigate the anti-exudative effects of sodium ferulate combined with oxymatrine in a mouse model of acetic acid-induced peritonitis. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms were explored by determining the effects of these drugs on the volume and aquaporin 1 (AQP1) expression in vascular endothelial cells on omentum majus and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Treatment with sodium ferulate combined with oxymatrine was shown to significantly inhibit acetic acid-induced vascular permeability in the peritonitis model mice and furthermore to significantly decrease the optical density of Evans blue, the leukocyte number and the levels of interleukin-6, C-reactive protein and interferon-γ in peritoneal lavage fluid...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810564/clinical-efficacy-of-conjunctival-flap-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-fungal-keratitis
#8
Honorine Nizeyimana, Dan-Dan Zhou, Xiu-Fen Liu, Xiao-Tao Pan, Cong Liu, Cheng-Wei Lu, Ji-Long Hao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the use and effectiveness of a selective, partial, pedunculated (tongue-shaped) conjunctival flap (CF) for the treatment of refractory fungal keratitis (FK) with or without perforation. A total of 31 cases of corneal diseases treated by CF surgery between April 2014 and October 2015 were evaluated. Among the 31 cases, 16 cases (male:female, 11:5) with FK were selected. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate factors associated with complications of CF surgery...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808944/effect-of-ha330-resin-directed-hemoadsorption-on-a-porcine-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-model
#9
Xuefeng Xu, Chune Jia, Sa Luo, Yanming Li, Fei Xiao, Huaping Dai, Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: Blood purification is an emerging approach to dampening the cytokine storm. This study aims to assess the efficacy of HA330 resin-directed hemoadsorption (HA) on endotoxin-induced porcine acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) model. METHODS: Twenty-four Chinese domestic pigs were allocated into saline group receiving intravenous infusion of saline (N = 6) and endotoxin group receiving intravenous infusion of LPS (N = 18). When ALI model was initially diagnosed, six pigs in the LPS and saline group were killed for BALF and histopathological analysis...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807798/clinically-undetected-retinal-breaks-causing-retinal-detachment-options-for-management
#10
REVIEW
Deepak Gupta, Jared Ching, Paul E Tornambe
The successful detection of retinal breaks is a critical step in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) surgery in order to prevent persistent/recurrent RRDs. Not all retinal breaks causing retinal detachments are obvious. Retinal breaks may be obscured due to opacities that are either anterior-segment related, lens related or posterior-segment related. Rules to identify breaks based on sub-retinal fluid (SRF) configuration are more difficult to apply in pseudophakic, aphakic, encircled eyes, and eyes with repeat detachments and those with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR)...
August 11, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806214/choroidal-nevi-with-focal-choroidal-excavation-and-polypoidal-choroidal-neovascularization
#11
Daniel Simhaee, Rosa Dolz-Marco, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To report two cases of choroidal nevi associated with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) and polypoidal choroidal neovascularization (PCN). METHODS: Report of two patients with choroidal nevi showing FCE and PCN who underwent multimodal imaging including color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, swept-source optical coherence tomography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
August 10, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804253/effect-of-microbial-activity-on-penetrometer-resistance-and-elastic-modulus-of-soil-at-different-temperatures
#12
W Gao, V Muñoz-Romero, T Ren, R W Ashton, M Morin, I M Clark, D S Powlson, W R Whalley
We explore the effect of microbial activity stimulated by root exudates on the penetrometer resistance of soil and its elastic modulus. This is important because it is a measure of the mechanical strength of soil and it correlates closely with the rate of elongation of roots. A sandy soil was incubated with a synthetic root exudate at different temperatures, for different lengths of time and with selective suppression of either fungi or bacteria. The shape of the temperature response of penetrometer resistance in soil incubated with synthetic exudate was typical of a poikilothermic temperature response...
July 2017: European Journal of Soil Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803528/the-role-of-endoscopy-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-from-diagnosis-to-therapy
#13
Alfredo J Lucendo, Ángel Arias, Javier Molina-Infante, Laura Arias-González
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has arisen as a common disorder in current clinical and endoscopic gastroenterology practice. Areas covered: A comprehensive review of the literature to summarize and update different aspects related with the use of endoscopy in the diagnostic workout and treatment of pediatric and adult EoE patients is conducted. Expert commentary: Endoscopic features in EoE are frequently subtle, so were inadverted in some initial reports of the disease. Literature has described a wide number of EoE-associated features, systematized in the EREFS classification, which standardized the grade and severity of exudates, rings, edema, furrows, and strictures...
August 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801761/milonine-a-morphinandienone-alkaloid-has-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-effects-by-inhibiting-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-1%C3%AE-production
#14
Larissa Rodrigues Silva, Adriano Francisco Alves, Luiz Henrique Agra Cavalcante-Silva, Renan Marinho Braga, Reinaldo Nóbrega de Almeida, José Maria Barbosa-Filho, Márcia Regina Piuvezam
Milonine is a morphinandienone alkaloid from Cissampelos sympodialis Eichl (Menispermaceae), a plant used in Brazil to treat inflammatory disorders. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of milonine (MIL) by using classical experimental models of inflammation and nociception. The results showed that MIL reduced the paw edema formation induced by lipopolysaccharide, prostaglandin E2, and bradykinin, without interfering with the serotonin-induced edema. With respect to the nociception experiments, MIL decreased the exudate into the peritoneum induced by acetic acid, maintaining the tissue morphology...
August 11, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799971/macroaneurysms-associated-with-congenital-retinal-macrovessels
#15
Dov B Sebrow, Eduardo Cunha de Souza, José Belúcio Neto, Marina Roizenblatt, Claudio Zett Lobos, Pedro Paulo Bonomo, Yasha Modi, Joel S Schuman, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: Congenital retinal macrovessels are large aberrant retinal blood vessels that cross the horizontal raphe and can traverse the central macula. Using multimodal imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography, we describe 2 cases of congenital retinal macrovessel associated with macroaneurysms. METHODS: Two patients presented for evaluation and were found to have congenital retinal macrovessels associated with macroaneurysms. Color photography, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography angiography were performed and used to establish the diagnosis and monitor resolution at follow-up visits...
August 9, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799302/clinical-profile-of-patients-presenting-with-malignant-pleural-effusion-to-a-tertiary-health-care-centre
#16
Nitin Gadewad, Kunal Deokar, Shivhari Ghorpade
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusions are one of the leading causes of exudative pleural effusions. We studied the clinical profile of patients presenting with malignant pleural effusion, their cytological and histopathological features and the efficacy of pleurodesis in preventing recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 patients who were positive for malignant cells in pleural fluid cytology or pleural biopsy were recruited. After history and clinical examination, Chest radiographs, Computed tomography of chest were performed...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798953/the-ethanolic-stem-bark-extract-of-antrocaryon-micraster-inhibits-carrageenan-induced-pleurisy-and-pedal-oedema-in-murine-models-of-inflammation
#17
Leslie B Essel, David D Obiri, Newman Osafo, Aaron O Antwi, Babatunde M Duduyemi
We investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of a 70% v/v ethanol extract of the stem bark of Antrocaryon micraster on murine models of carrageenan-induced pleurisy and paw oedema. Rat pleural fluid was analysed for volume, protein content, and leucocytes, while lung histology was assessed for damage. Lung tissue homogenates were assayed for glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the stem bark...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798755/pearl-millet-genetic-traits-shape-rhizobacterial-diversity-and-modulate-rhizosphere-aggregation
#18
Papa M S Ndour, Mariama Gueye, Mohamed Barakat, Philippe Ortet, Marie Bertrand-Huleux, Anne-Laure Pablo, Damien Dezette, Lydie Chapuis-Lardy, Komi Assigbetsé, Ndjido Ardo Kane, Yves Vigouroux, Wafa Achouak, Ibrahima Ndoye, Thierry Heulin, Laurent Cournac
Root exudation contributes to soil carbon allocation and also to microbial C and energy supply, which subsequently impacts soil aggregation around roots. Biologically-driven soil structural formation is an important driver of soil fertility. Plant genetic determinants of exudation and more generally of factors promoting rhizosphere soil aggregation are largely unknown. Here, we characterized rhizosphere aggregation in a panel of 86 pearl millet inbred lines using a ratio of root-adhering soil dry mass per root tissue dry mass (RAS/RT)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797944/siderophore-mediated-iron-removal-from-chrysotile-implications-for-asbestos-toxicity-reduction-and-bioremediation
#19
Sanjay K Mohanty, Cedric Gonneau, Ashkan Salamatipour, Ralph A Pietrofesa, Brenda Casper, Melpo Christofidou-Solomidou, Jane K Willenbring
Asbestos fibers are highly toxic (Group 1 carcinogen) due to their high aspect ratio, durability, and the presence of iron. In nature, plants, fungi, and microorganisms release exudates, which can alter the physical and chemical properties of soil minerals including asbestos minerals. We examined whether exudates from bacteria and fungi at environmentally relevant concentrations can alter chrysotile, the most widely used asbestos mineral, and lower its toxicity. We monitored the release of iron from chrysotile in the presence of organic acid ligands and iron-specific siderophores derived from bacteria and fungi and measured any change in fiber toxicity toward peritoneal macrophages harvested from mice...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797071/effects-of-salting-treatment-on-the-physicochemical-properties-textural-properties-and-microstructures-of-duck-eggs
#20
Lilan Xu, Yan Zhao, Mingsheng Xu, Yao Yao, Xuliang Nie, Huaying Du, Yong-Gang Tu
In order to illuminate the forming process of salted egg, the effects of the brine solution with different salt concentrations on the physicochemical properties, textural properties, and microstructures of duck eggs were evaluated using conventional physicochemical property determination methods. The results showed that the moisture contents of both the raw and cooked egg whites and egg yolks, the springiness of the raw egg yolks and cooked egg whites exhibited a decreasing trend with the increase in the salting time and salt concentration...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
66920
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"