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Exudative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333932/a-comparison-between-dacc-with-chlorhexidine-acetate-soaked-paraffin-gauze-and-foam-dressing-for-skin-graft-donor-sites
#1
Jun Won Lee, Seong Hoon Park, In Suck Suh, Hii Sun Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Retrograde infections often occur with excessive or incomplete drainage of exudate, or as a result of adherence of dressings to wounds. Dialkylcarbamoyl chloride (DACC) irreversibly binds to bacterial surfaces and physically removes bacteria when dressings are changed. Chlorhexidine acetate-soaked paraffin gauze provides a moist wound-healing environment. We hypothesise that when DACC is combined with chlorhexidine acetate-soaked paraffin gauze, wound healing times decrease...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333905/linear-nevus-sebaceous-syndrome-presenting-as-circumscribed-choroidal-hemangioma
#2
Jose J Echegaray, Rachel Chen, Claudine Bellerive, Arun D Singh
A 4-year-old female with a unilateral circumscribed choroidal hemangioma and secondary total exudative retinal detachment. A nasal skin scar-like lesion incised to confirm a histopathologic diagnosis of linear nevus sebaceous. Further imaging disclosed asymmetry of the lateral ventricle frontal horns, suggestive of the diagnosis of linear nevus sebaceous syndrome. The choroidal hemangioma was treated with I-125 episcleral brachytherapy (apical dose of 45 Gy). At 6 months post-radiation, the tumor showed regression with total resolution of exudative retinal detachment...
January 15, 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333824/eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-esophageal-atresia-coincidence-or-causality
#3
Karen V Stave Salgado, Ana M Rocca
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an immune-mediated chronic disease of the esophagus characterized by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and tissue eosinophilia. In the endoscopy, the esophageal mucosa may appear normal or show exudates, rings, edema, furrows, and strictures. Its management is based on elimination diet, topical corticosteroids and/or esophageal dilation. Atresia is the most common congenital alteration of the esophagus; it requires surgical repair and poses potential complications, such as gastroesophageal reflux, strictures, and esophageal dysmotility...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331719/regulated-effects-of-prorocentrum-donghaiense-lu-exudate-on-nickel-bioavailability-when-cultured-with-different-nitrogen-sources
#4
Xu-Guang Huang, Shun-Xing Li, Feng-Jiao Liu, Wang-Rong Lan
Exudates by marine phytoplankton and metals coexist in the seawater, but little is known about their interaction. In this study, cultures of Prorocentrum donghaiense Lu were grown in urea and ammonium, and then exposed to different Ni ion levels in order to study the effects of Ni ions on algal growth. The regulatory mechanisms of P. donghaiense Lu for coping with different Ni ion levels was investigating by characterizing dissolved organic carbon (DOC), carbohydrate and protein content released per cell, hydropathy properties (hydrophilic and hydrophobic fractions) and thiol compounds (cysteine-like or glutathione-like)...
January 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331349/effect-of-a-lect2-on-the-immune-response-of-peritoneal-lecukocytes-against-vibrio-anguillarum-in-roughskin-sculpin
#5
Yingmei Chai, Bailin Cong, Shanshan Yu, Yingying Liu, Xin Man, Lujie Wang, Qian Zhu
Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a multi-functional protein that is mainly synthesized by the liver. However, its role in roughskin scalping is less known. Here, we cloned a leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (TfLECT2) genes in the liver of roughskin scalping, Trachidermus fasciatus, and studied its possible role involved in the immune response against Vibrio anguillarum (V. anguillarum) of peritoneal lecukocytes under in vivo conditions. The cDNA sequence of TfLECT2 is 566 bp in size. Its deduced amino acid (aa) sequence comprises 151 residues, of which the first 16 residues form a putative signal peptide and 101 residues compose a typical peptidase M23 domain in the C-terminal region...
January 10, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330956/craniomandibular-variation-in-phalangeriform-marsupials-functional-comparisons-with-primates
#6
Elizabeth M St Clair, Nicholas Reback, Jonathan M G Perry
Phalangeriform marsupials have often been compared with primates because of similarity in the range of external morphology, ecological niches, and body size between the two radiations. We explore morphological convergence in the masticatory anatomy of strepsirrhine primates and phalangeriforms, through osteological measurements of the mandible and facial skeleton, and through dissection of the masticatory musculature, presenting new data on the arrangement and proportions of jaw adductors in phalangeriforms...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330694/volatile-compounds-from-beneficial-or-pathogenic-bacteria-differentially-regulate-root-exudation-transcription-of-iron-transporters-and-defense-signaling-pathways-in-sorghum-bicolor
#7
Erasto Hernández-Calderón, Maria Elizabeth Aviles-Garcia, Diana Yazmín Castulo-Rubio, Lourdes Macías-Rodríguez, Vicente Montejano Ramírez, Gustavo Santoyo, José López-Bucio, Eduardo Valencia-Cantero
Our results show that Sorghum bicolor is able to recognize bacteria through its volatile compounds and differentially respond to beneficial or pathogens via eliciting nutritional or defense adaptive traits. Plants establish beneficial, harmful, or neutral relationships with bacteria. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) emit volatile compounds (VCs), which may act as molecular cues influencing plant development, nutrition, and/or defense. In this study, we compared the effects of VCs produced by bacteria with different lifestyles, including Arthrobacter agilis UMCV2, Bacillus methylotrophicus M4-96, Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021, the plant pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, and the commensal rhizobacterium Bacillus sp...
January 12, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329844/use-of-an-isoelectric-solubilization-precipitation-process-to-modify-the-functional-properties-of-pse-pale-soft-exudative-like-chicken-meat-protein-a-mechanistic-approach
#8
Xue Zhao, Yun Bai, Tong Xing, Xing-Lian Xu, Guanghong Zhou
The functionality of pale, soft, exudative (PSE)-like chicken protein was improved by isoelectric solubilization/precipitation (ISP) treatment. PSE-like chicken proteins were solubilized at an acidic pH 3.5 or an alkaline pH 11.0, followed by precipitating at pH 5.5 and 6.2. PSE-like meat paste was treated as control (CON). Precipitated at pH 6.2 led to a more elastic gel than at pH 5.5. Water distribution of ISP-isolated protein was affected by precipitation pH. More tryptophan residues exposed and -SH was partially oxidized to disulfide bond after ISP treatment, which led to large aggregates formation and higher viscosity of ISP isolated proteins than of CON...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327719/the-histomorphological-spectrum-of-restrictive-chronic-lung-allograft-dysfunction-and-implications-for-prognosis
#9
Jan H von der Thüsen, Elly Vandermeulen, Robin Vos, Birgit Weynand, Erik K Verbeken, Stijn E Verleden
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction continues to be the main contributor to poor long-term allograft survival after lung transplantation. The restrictive phenotype of chronic lung allograft dysfunction carries a particularly poor prognosis. Little is known about the pathogenetic mechanisms involved in restrictive chronic lung allograft dysfunction. In this study, we performed histomorphological and immunohistochemical analysis of restrictive chronic lung allograft dysfunction lungs. Explant lung tissue from 21 restrictive chronic lung allograft dysfunction patients was collected and histopathologic patterns of rejection, fibrosis and vascular changes were scored after routine histochemical stains and additional immunohistochemistry for endothelial markers and C4d...
January 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325120/strigolactone-biosynthesis-genes-of-rice-is-required-for-the-punctual-entry-of-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-into-the-roots
#10
Yoshihiro Kobae, Hiromu Kameoka, Yusaku Sugimura, Katsuharu Saito, Ryo Ohtomo, Toru Fujiwara, Junko Kyozuka
Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) is a mutualistic association between most plant species and the ancient fungal phylum Glomeromycota in roots, and it plays a key role in a plant's nutrient uptake from the soil. Roots synthesize strigolactones (SLs), derivatives of carotenoids, and exude them to induce energy metabolism and hyphal branching of AM fungi. Despite the well-documented roles of SLs in the presymbiotic phase, little is known about the role of SLs in the process of root colonization. Here we show that the expansion of root colonization is suppressed in the mutants of rice (Oryza sativa) SL biosynthesis genes, carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase D10 and more severely in D17...
January 9, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322690/microbially-mediated-aluminosilicate-formation-in-acidic-anaerobic-environments-a-cell-scale-chemical-perspective
#11
J Sánchez-España, K Wang, C Falagán, I Yusta, W D Burgos
Through the use of scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) combined with other complementary techniques (SEM, cryo-TEM, HRTEM, and EELS), we have studied the interaction of microorganisms inhabiting deep anoxic waters of acidic pit lakes with dissolved aluminum, silica, sulfate, and ferrous iron. These elements were close to saturation (Al, SiO2 ) or present at very high concentrations (0.12 m Fe(II), 0.12-0.22 m SO42- ) in the studied systems. The anaerobic conditions of these environments allowed investigation of geomicrobial interactions that are difficult to see in oxidized, Fe(III)-rich environments...
January 2018: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321926/lung-injury-associated-with-electronic-cigarettes-inhalation-diagnosed-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#12
Masayuki Itoh, Kazutetsu Aoshiba, Yoriko Herai, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Tamiko Takemura
A 46-year-old healthy man developed respiratory distress, night sweats, fever, and weight loss after using electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) for approximately 1 month. He presented to the hospital when the symptoms worsened 2 months after onset. The findings of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid examination and the following transbronchial lung biopsy examination led to the diagnosis of acute alveolitis: intra-alveolar fibrosis accompanied with exudate containing abundant lipid-laden macrophages, eosinophils, and neutrophils...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321199/coats-disease-with-exudative-retinal-detachment-simulating-cysticercus-cyst-misleading-ultrasonography
#13
Vineet Mutha, Sahil Agrawal, Parijat Chandra, Atul Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319243/to-study-efficacy-of-medical-thoracoscopy-in-undiagnosed-pleural-effusions
#14
Sachin S Dole, Gauri P Godbole, Himanshu S Pophale
Background: Medical thoracoscopy has received interest in recent past for diagnostic as well as therapeutic uses. In this study we describe our experience with diagnostic medical thoracoscopy in pleural effusions of undiagnosed etiology. Objectives: 1.To detect diagnostic yield of medical thoracoscopy in pleural effusions of unknown etiology. 2.To find complication rate in these patients. Methodology: In a retrospective analysis of thoracoscopic procedures performed between March 2011 and December 2014, diagnostic yield and complications of thoracoscopic pleural biopsy for achieving a diagnosis in undiagnosed pleural effusions were evaluated...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318442/an-exudate-detection-method-for-diagnosis-risk-of-diabetic-macular-edema-in-retinal-images-using-feature-based-and-supervised-classification
#15
D Marin, M E Gegundez-Arias, B Ponte, F Alvarez, J Garrido, C Ortega, M J Vasallo, J M Bravo
The present paper aims at presenting the methodology and first results of a detection system of risk of diabetic macular edema (DME) in fundus images. The system is based on the detection of retinal exudates (Ex), whose presence in the image is clinically used for an early diagnosis of the disease. To do so, the system applies digital image processing algorithms to the retinal image in order to obtain a set of candidate regions to be Ex, which are validated by means of feature extraction and supervised classification techniques...
January 10, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317590/the-association-between-variants-of-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-rage-gene-polymorphisms-and-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
Mantas Banevicius, Alvita Vilkeviciute, Loresa Kriauciuniene, Rasa Liutkeviciene, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva
BACKGROUND Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in people aged 65 years and older in developed countries. The pathogenesis of AMD has been linked to mechanisms involving inflammation, oxidative stress, and basal laminar deposit formation between retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells and the basal membrane, caused by advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs are implicated in the pathogenesis of AMD through the AGE-and receptor for AGE (RAGE) interaction, which can be altered by polymorphisms of the RAGE gene...
January 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317570/bilateral-exudative-retinal-detachment-in-septo-optic-dysplasia
#17
Maftuhim Addenan, Choo May May
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306743/sieve-element-differentiation-and-phloem-sap-contamination
#18
REVIEW
Michael Knoblauch, Winfried S Peters, Karen Bell, Timothy J Ross-Elliott, Karl J Oparka
Sieve elements (SEs) degrade selected organelles and cytoplasmic structures when they differentiate. According to classical investigations, only smooth ER, mitochondria, sieve element plastids, and, in most cases, P-proteins remain in mature SEs. More recent proteomics and immuno-histochemical studies, however, suggested that additional components including a protein-synthesizing machinery and a fully developed actin cytoskeleton operate in mature SEs. These interpretations are at odds with conventional imaging studies...
January 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306396/variable-allelopathy-among-phytoplankton-reflected-in-red-tide-metabolome
#19
Remington X Poulin, Kelsey L Poulson-Ellestad, Jessie S Roy, Julia Kubanek
Harmful algae are known to utilize allelopathy, the release of compounds that inhibit competitors, as a form of interference competition. Competitor responses to allelopathy are species-specific and allelopathic potency of producing algae is variable. In the current study, the biological variability in allelopathic potency was mapped to the underlying chemical variation in the exuded metabolomes of five genetic strains of the red tide dinoflagellate Karenia brevis using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
January 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304863/gm-csf-overexpression-after-influenza-a-virus-infection-prevents-mortality-and-moderates-m1-like-airway-monocyte-macrophage-polarization
#20
E Scott Halstead, Todd M Umstead, Michael L Davies, Yuka Imamura Kawasawa, Patricia Silveyra, Judie Howyrlak, Linlin Yang, Weichao Guo, Sanmei Hu, Eranda Kurundu Hewage, Zissis C Chroneos
BACKGROUND: Influenza A viruses cause life-threatening pneumonia and lung injury in the lower respiratory tract. Application of high GM-CSF levels prior to infection has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from pathogenic influenza infection in mice, but the mechanisms of protection and treatment efficacy have not been established. METHODS: Mice were infected intranasally with influenza A virus (PR8 strain). Supra-physiologic levels of GM-CSF were induced in the airways using the double transgenic GM-CSF (DTGM) or littermate control mice starting on 3 days post-infection (dpi)...
January 5, 2018: Respiratory Research
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