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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220705/therapeutic-landscapes-and-longevity-wellness-tourism-in-bama
#1
Liyuan Huang, Honggang Xu
Due to the rising demand for healthcare products and concern over environmental pollution, wellness tourism has been booming in China in recent years. The therapeutic landscape theory provides a multi-scale interpretation of wellness tourism to explore how wellness tourists achieve health in healing places. By presenting the results of 83 interviews conducted in Bama, China, this study reveals that the "longevity village" Bama, endorsed by centenarians, provides a retreat that combines natural beauty and a harmonious neighbourhood for wellness tourists...
November 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220590/social-desirability-bias-in-pornography-related-self-reports-the-role-of-religion
#2
Kyler R Rasmussen, Joshua B Grubbs, Kenneth I Pargament, Julie J Exline
In a large online survey of undergraduates, we examined the degree to which social desirability concerns might bias pornography-related self-reports and whether these biases are stronger among highly religious participants than among less-religious ones. Recent state-level analyses have put forward a controversial suggestion that religious individuals tend to search for pornography more than their less-religious peers, despite self-reports to the contrary. Such results could be explained by a social-desirability bias against reporting the consumption of pornography, one that applies specifically to religious individuals...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218412/epilepsy-surgery-in-infants-safety-issues-and-developmental-outcome
#3
Gudrun Gröppel, Christian Dorfer, Anastasia Dressler, Angelika Mühlebner, Barbara Porsche, Thomas Czech, Daniela Prayer, Martha Feucht
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of epilepsy surgery in infants. METHODS: Included were patients with epilepsy onset during the first year of life, epilepsy surgery before the age of 36 months at the study center and a minimum follow-up of 24 months after surgery. Patients who were surgically treated before the age of 12 months were compared with those between 13 and 36 months. Group differences with respect to efficacy (seizure outcomes and developmental progress measured by the social interaction quotient, SIQ) as well as safety (i...
December 7, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218400/-emotional-robots-in-a-nursing-context-empirical-analysis-of-the-present-use-and-the-effects-of-paro-and-pleo
#4
REVIEW
Stefanie Baisch, Thorsten Kolling, Saskia Rühl, Barbara Klein, Johannes Pantel, Frank Oswald, Monika Knopf
BACKGROUND: It has been questioned by researchers in robotics as well in the general public to what extent companion-type robots can support the elderly with the fulfillment of their psychological and social needs. Although these robots have already been used in care settings in Germany, research has referred little to this practical experience in order to analyze their impact and benefit. To start to close this gap, the current article reports on the current use of companion-type robots in care settings, on the effects reported by professional caregivers as well as on the role of psychosocial needs in the acceptance and use of companion-type robots by the elderly...
December 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218022/association-between-unintentional-interpersonal-postural-coordination-produced-by-interpersonal-light-touch-and-the-intensity-of-social-relationship
#5
Tomoya Ishigaki, Ryota Imai, Shu Morioka
Interpersonal postural coordination (IPC) produced by interpersonal light touch (ILT), whereby time-series variations in the postural sway between two people unintentionally resemble each other, may be a possible social interaction. From a sociopsychological standpoint, close mutual behavioral coordination is recognized as "social glue," which represents the closeness of relationships and contributes to the building of a good rapport. Therefore, we hypothesized that if IPC functions as social glue, then IPC produced by ILT also represents a social relationship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218005/distributed-neural-activity-patterns-during-human-to-human-competition
#6
Matthew Piva, Xian Zhang, J Adam Noah, Steve W C Chang, Joy Hirsch
Interpersonal interaction is the essence of human social behavior. However, conventional neuroimaging techniques have tended to focus on social cognition in single individuals rather than on dyads or groups. As a result, relatively little is understood about the neural events that underlie face-to-face interaction. We resolved some of the technical obstacles inherent in studying interaction using a novel imaging modality and aimed to identify neural mechanisms engaged both within and across brains in an ecologically valid instance of interpersonal competition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217718/social-networks-leisure-activities-and-maximum-tongue-pressure-cross-sectional-associations-in-the-nagasaki-islands-study
#7
Mako Nagayoshi, Miho Higashi, Noboru Takamura, Mami Tamai, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Koichiro Kadota, Shimpei Sato, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Zenya Koyama, Toshiyuki Saito, Takahiro Maeda
OBJECTIVES: Social environment is often associated with health outcomes, but epidemiological evidence for its effect on oral frailty, a potential risk factor for aspiration, is sparse. This study aimed to assess the association between social environment and tongue pressure, as an important measure of oral function. The study focused on family structure, social networks both with and beyond neighbours, and participation in leisure activities. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217683/insulin-like-growth-factor-ii-targets-the-mtor-pathway-to-reverse-autism-like-phenotypes-in-mice
#8
Adam B Steinmetz, Sarah A Stern, Amy S Kohtz, Giannina Descalzi, Cristina M Alberini
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by impairments in social interaction and repetitive behavior, and is also associated with cognitive deficits. There is no current treatment that can ameliorate most of the ASD symptomatology; thus, identifying novel therapies is urgently needed. We used male BTBR T+Itpr3tf /J (BTBR) mice, a model that reproduces most of the core behavioral phenotypes of ASD, to test the effects of systemic administration of insulin like growth factor II (IGF-II), a polypeptide that crosses the blood brain barrier and acts as a cognitive enhancer...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216608/short-term-effects-of-brief-need-based-psychoeducation-on-knowledge-self-stigma-and-burden-among-siblings-of-persons-with-schizophrenia-a-prospective-controlled-trial
#9
Anekal C Amaresha, Sunil Vasu Kalmady, Boban Joseph, Sri Mahavir Agarwal, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Daliboina Muralidhar, Doddaballapura K Subbakrishna
Siblings of persons with schizophrenia are important in providing long-term social support to the patients. Interventions addressing their needs are very sparse. Hence, this study aimed at testing the short-term effects of brief need based psychoeducation on knowledge, self-stigma, and burden among siblings of persons with schizophrenia. In this prospective controlled open label trial, 80 siblings of persons with schizophrenia were allocated in equal numbers to the brief need based psychoeducation group and the treatment-as-usual group...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216596/understanding-social-and-behavioral-drivers-and-impacts-of-air-quality-sensor-use
#10
Bryan J Hubbell, Amanda Kaufman, Louie Rivers, Kayla Schulte, Gayle Hagler, Jane Clougherty, Wayne Cascio, Dan Costa
BACKGROUND: Lower-cost air quality sensors (hundreds to thousands of dollars) are now available to individuals and communities. This technology is undergoing a rapid and fragmented evolution, resulting in sensors that have uncertain data quality, measure different air pollutants and possess a variety of design attributes. Why and how individuals and communities choose to use sensors is arguably influenced by social context. For example, community experiences with environmental exposures and health effects and related interactions with industry and government can affect trust in traditional air quality monitoring...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216439/gender-differences-in-social-cognition-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-of-recently-diagnosed-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-subjects
#11
Guillem Navarra-Ventura, Sol Fernandez-Gonzalo, Marc Turon, Esther Pousa, Diego Palao, Narcis Cardoner, Merce Jodar
OBJECTIVES: This study had 2 objectives: First, to explore the gender-related differences in emotional processing (EP) and theory of mind-both cognitive (CToM) and affective (AToM)-in patients with schizophrenia and in a control group of healthy subjects; and, second, to examine, from a gender perspective, the possible association between EP and CToM in the AToM performance. METHODS: Forty patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder were recruited and matched by gender, age and years of education with 40 healthy subjects...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216238/mother-infant-interaction-assessment-at-discharge-and-at-6-months-in-a-french-cohort-of-infants-born-very-preterm-the-olimpe-study
#12
Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Baptiste Muller, Virginie Ehlinger, Joël Roy, Antoine Guédeney, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, Corine Alberge, Sophie Denizot, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215902/words-matter-implementing-the-electronically-activated-recorder-in-schizotypy
#13
Kyle S Minor, Beshaun J Davis, Matthew P Marggraf, Lauren Luther, Megan L Robbins
In schizophrenia-spectrum populations, analyzing the words people use has offered promise for unlocking information about affective states and social behaviors. The electronically activated recorder (EAR) is an application-based program that is combined with widely used smartphone technology to capture a person's real-world interactions via audio recordings. It improves on the ecological validity of current methodologies by providing objective and naturalistic samples of behavior. This study is the first to implement the EAR in people endorsing elevated traits of schizophrenia-spectrum personality disorders (i...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215153/the-role-of-municipal-public-policies-in-oral-health-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-brazil-a-multilevel-study
#14
Violeta Rodrigues Aguiar, Marcos Pascoal Pattussi, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: It is known that fluoridation has a contextual effect on oral health socioeconomic inequalities, but broad public policies have not been investigated. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of municipal public policies on oral health across different social strata. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 7328 12-year-old children and 5445 15-19-year-old adolescents from 177 Brazilian municipalities. Information at municipal level was collated for dental services, educational services, sanitation and water fluoridation...
December 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214929/-for-me-pressure-at-school-is-the-most-relevant-in-my-life-empirical-based-implications-for-life-world-orientation-in-health-promotion-at-school
#15
Anna Lena Rademaker
"For me, Pressure at School is the Most Relevant in my Life" - Empirical Based Implications for Life World Orientation in Health Promotion at School School is a key system that supports all processes of adolescent development. Next to qualification, as one part of personality development, all developmental tasks of adolescence can take place within the school environment, through close interplay. This interplay both influences, and is influenced by young people's health which is essential to promote adolescent development and foster wellbeing in everyday life for young people...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214843/weaving-social-reality-around-the-grandparent-great-grandparent-with-dementia-to-maintain-relational-presence-a-verbal-and-non-verbal-dementia-interactions-model
#16
Anca M Miron, Alexandria R Ebert, Susan H McFadden, Ashley E Thompson
We proposed a dementia interactions model based on analyses of five focus groups with grandchildren of grandparents with dementia. Interactions with their grandparent with dementia motivate grandchildren to maintain connection with a grandparent who is relationally present. To do so, they weave a social reality around the grandparent. To help the grandparent remain connected, grandchildren engage in scripts and routines and employ three intertwined psychological processes: perspective taking, vigilance, and knowledge about the grandparent's preferences, personality, state of mind, and context...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214731/perception-of-human-interaction-based-on-motion-trajectories-from-aerial-videos-to-decontextualized-animations
#17
Tianmin Shu, Yujia Peng, Lifeng Fan, Hongjing Lu, Song-Chun Zhu
People are adept at perceiving interactions from movements of simple shapes, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Previous studies have often used object movements defined by experimenters. The present study used aerial videos recorded by drones in a real-life environment to generate decontextualized motion stimuli. Motion trajectories of displayed elements were the only visual input. We measured human judgments of interactiveness between two moving elements and the dynamic change in such judgments over time...
December 7, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214658/identifying-environmental-barriers-to-participation-usability-of-a-health-literacy-informed-problem-identification-approach-for-parents-of-young-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#18
J M Kramer, I T Hwang, M Levin, D Acevedo-García, L Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Parents of very young children recently diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD) need to identify environmental barriers to their children's participation and adopt an adaptive orientation to solving these problems. Given the health service disparities for diverse families, parents may benefit from easy to use problem-identification approaches that address environmental barriers stemming from community and policy contexts. This feasibility study evaluated the usability of a health literacy-informed, structured, environment-focused problem-identification approach for parents of young children with DD...
December 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214372/a-review-of-the-clinical-utility-of-systematic-behavioral-observations-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#19
Franziska Minder, Agnieszka Zuberer, Daniel Brandeis, Renate Drechsler
This review evaluates the clinical utility of tools for systematic behavioral observation in different settings for children and adolescents with ADHD. A comprehensive search yielded 135 relevant results since 1990. Observations from naturalistic settings were grouped into observations of classroom behavior (n = 58) and of social interactions (n = 25). Laboratory observations were subdivided into four contexts: independent play (n = 9), test session (n = 27), parent interaction (n = 11), and peer interaction (n = 5)...
December 6, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214137/speak-up-increasing-conversational-volume-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Leigh Edgerton, Byron Wine
Deficits in social interactions are a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder. This study examined one relatively uncommon aspect of social interactions that has not received much attention from the literature: appropriate conversational volume. Conversational speech volume was measured using a commercially available application, and a package intervention was developed that consisted of feedback from the voice measuring application, signaling from a wrist bracelet, and differential reinforcement. The intervention was evaluated in an ABAB design and speaking at conversational volume was significantly increased when the intervention was in place and in probe conditions...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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