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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913379/the-role-of-social-support-in-family-socio-economic-disparities-in-depressive-symptoms-during-early-pregnancy-evidence-from-a-chinese-birth-cohort
#1
Dong-Mei Wei, Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Jian-Rong He, Wan-Qing Xiao, Jin-Hua Lu, Si Tu, Nian-Nian Chen, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Kar-Keung Cheng, Gabriel M Leung, Hui-Min Xia, C Mary Schooling, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between a composite measure of family socio-economic position (SEP)2 and depressive symptoms among Chinese pregnant women, nor any potential underlying mechanisms which may be amenable to preventative interventions. METHODS: We investigated the association between a composite SEP measure and depressive symptoms during early pregnancy, and tested for mediation by social support and moderation by parity in the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study (n = 12,382) using adjusted logistic regression and causal mediation analysis...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913303/re-entry-experiences-of-black-men-living-with-hiv-aids-after-release-from-prison-intersectionality-and-implications-for-care
#2
Shufang Sun, Natasha Crooks, Rebecca Kemnitz, Ryan P Westergaard
RATIONALE: Both the HIV epidemic and incarceration disproportionately affect Black men in the United States. A critical period for incarcerated Black men living with HIV/AIDS is re-entry into the community, which is often associated with adverse health outcomes. Additionally, Black men living with HIV/AIDS involved in the criminal justice system are burdened by multiple, intersecting disadvantaged identities and social positions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine community re-entry experiences among Black men living with HIV/AIDS from an intersectional perspective...
June 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913283/tuning-functions-for-automatic-detection-of-brief-changes-of-facial-expression-in-the-human-brain
#3
Arnaud Leleu, Milena Dzhelyova, Bruno Rossion, Renaud Brochard, Karine Durand, Benoist Schaal, Jean-Yves Baudouin
Efficient decoding of even brief and slight intensity facial expression changes is important for social interactions. However, robust evidence for the human brain ability to automatically detect brief and subtle changes of facial expression remains limited. Here we built on a recently developed paradigm in human electrophysiology with full-blown expressions (Dzhelyova et al., 2017), to isolate and quantify a neural marker for the detection of brief and subtle changes of facial expression. Scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded from 18 participants during stimulation of a neutral face changing randomly in size at a rapid rate of 6 Hz...
June 16, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913137/memantine-rescues-prenatal-citalopram-exposure-induced-striatal-and-social-abnormalities-in-mice
#4
Aqeela Zahra, Jinxiang Jiang, Yunan Chen, Cheng Long, Li Yang
Prenatal exposure to citalopram (CTM), an antidepressant drug, has been associated with altered behavior, including autism-like symptoms in both human and rodent offspring. However, the neurological basis underlying these abnormal behaviors is not well understood. Here, we examined behavioral, morphological, and biochemical alterations in the male and female offspring of C57BL/6 mouse mothers that had been exposed to CTM during the last trimester of gestation. We observed abnormal behavior such as anxiety, altered locomotion and disordered social interactions in 2-5 month old offspring with prenatal CTM exposure...
June 15, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913070/the-cancer-may-come-back-experiencing-and-managing-worries-of-relapse-in-a-north-norwegian-village-after-treatment
#5
Magdalena Skowronski, Mette Bech Risør, Rikke Sand Andersen, Nina Foss
Little is known about how people living in the aftermath of cancer treatment experience and manage worries about possible signs of cancer relapse, not as an individual enterprise but as socially embedded management. One-year ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in a coastal village of under 3000 inhabitants in northern Norway. Ten villagers who had undergone cancer treatment from six months to five years earlier were the main informants. During fieldwork, the first author conducted qualitative, semi-structured monthly interviews with them, and participated in their everyday activities and relationships, including families, friends and co-villagers...
June 18, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911901/patient-reported-experiences-of-using-community-rehabilitation-and-or-support-services-whilst-living-with-a-long-term-neurological-condition-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-aggregation
#6
Katherine Jackson, Sharon Hamilton, Susan Jones, Steven Barr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to identify patient reported experiences of using community rehabilitation and/or support services whilst living with a long-term neurological condition, and perceptions of their impact on quality of life. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed qualitative studies from 2005 to 2016, which met the inclusion criteria. Critical appraisal, data extraction, and quality assessment of 37 included papers were performed by three reviewers...
June 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911881/who-s-to-blame-dissimilarity-as-a-cue-in-moral-judgments-of-observed-ostracism-episodes
#7
Selma Carolin Rudert, Daniela Sutter, Veronique Charlotte Corrodi, Rainer Greifeneder
When observing an ostracism episode, observers may wish to know whether ostracism is justified or not. If ostracism appears unjustified, observers will likely blame the sources and sympathize with the target; if it appears justified, observers will likely blame and devalue the target. Here we introduce the "social dissimilarity rule," which holds that observers base their moral judgments on dissimilarities between the members of the observed group. In five studies, participants either recalled observed ostracism episodes or observed group interactions in which one group member was ostracized (e...
July 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911878/influence-of-homogeneity-of-student-characteristics-in-a-group-based-social-competence-intervention
#8
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Emily Malugen, Alexander M Schoemann
Although some literature reviews cited mixed results for group-based social competence interventions in schools, existing descriptions of intervention efficacy often lack attention on important factors that may moderate differential response. Some studies suggest that individual characteristics such as diagnosis (i.e., specific deficit clusters) or behavioral profiles may be important social outcome moderators. Given the interactive nature of group-based interventions, understanding how individual characteristics combine to influence outcomes for the group as a whole is an important next step...
June 18, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911506/a-systematic-review-of-dating-violence-risk-factors-among-undergraduate-college-students
#9
Alicia Duval, Beth A Lanning, Megan S Patterson
College students are a vulnerable population for dating violence (DV) because of the social environment in which they live and interact with other students. Campus climate surveys are considered best practice for gathering information about the severity and cause of college DV; however, there are still unanswered questions as to why DV remains an alarming public health concern among college students. The aim of this systematic literature review was to examine DV risk factors specific to college students with a special focus on methodological factors and gaps in the literature...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911461/neighborhood-disorder-social-support-and-outcomes-among-violence-exposed-african-american-women
#10
Alison M Pickover, Jabeene Bhimji, Shufang Sun, Anna Evans, Lucy J Allbaugh, Sarah E Dunn, Nadine J Kaslow
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women, particularly those living in poverty who have multiple marginalized identities, is a significant public health issue. IPV is associated with numerous mental health concerns including depression, hopelessness, and suicidal behavior. The present study examined the ecological determinants of these mental health outcomes in a high-risk sample of 67 low-income, African American women survivors of IPV. Based on an ecological framework that conceptualizes individuals as nested in multiple, interactive systems, we examined, longitudinally, the main and interactive effects of self-reported neighborhood disorder and social support from family members and friends on participants' mental health (i...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911387/his-and-her-retirement-effects-of-gender-and-familial-caregiving-profiles-on-retirement-timing
#11
Rachel R Stoiko, JoNell Strough
Objectives Retirement timing has been linked to a host of outcomes for individuals, families, and societies. The present study predicted retirement timing using profiles of preretirement family caregiving and gender. Method Using longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study, cluster analysis was used to create profiles of preretirement family caregiving (operationalized as time and financial transfers to aging parents and adult children). These profiles, as well as gender, were used to predict later retirement timing...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911180/mammalian-trim67-functions-in-brain-development-and-behavior
#12
Nicholas P Boyer, Caroline Monkiewicz, Shalini Menon, Sheryl S Moy, Stephanie L Gupton
Class I members of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family of E3 ubiquitin ligases evolutionarily appeared just prior to the advent of neuronal like cells and have been implicated in neuronal development from invertebrates to mammals. The single Class I TRIM in Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans and the mammalian Class I TRIM9 regulate axon branching and guidance in response to the guidance cue netrin, whereas mammalian TRIM46 establishes the axon initial segment. In humans, mutations in TRIM1 and TRIM18 are implicated in Opitz Syndrome, characterized by midline defects and often intellectual disability...
May 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910769/assessment-of-perceived-attractiveness-usability-and-societal-impact-of-a-multimodal-robotic-assistant-for-aging-patients-with-memory-impairments
#13
Justyna Gerłowska, Urszula Skrobas, Katarzyna Grabowska-Aleksandrowicz, Agnieszka Korchut, Sebastian Szklener, Dorota Szczęśniak-Stańczyk, Dimitrios Tzovaras, Konrad Rejdak
The aim of the present study is to present the results of the assessment of clinical application of the robotic assistant for patients suffering from mild cognitive impairments (MCI) and Alzheimer Disease (AD). The human-robot interaction (HRI) evaluation approach taken within the study is a novelty in the field of social robotics. The proposed assessment of the robotic functionalities are based on end-user perception of attractiveness, usability and potential societal impact of the device. The methods of evaluation applied consist of User Experience Questionnaire (UEQ), AttrakDiff and the societal impact inventory tailored for the project purposes...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910617/acetaminophen-antibiotics-ear-infection-breastfeeding-vitamin-d-drops-and-autism-an-epidemiological-study
#14
Seth Scott Bittker, Kathleen Roberta Bell
Background: While many studies have examined environmental risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), much of the research focus has been on prenatal or perinatal factors. Yet, the postnatal environment may affect the risk of ASD as well. Objective: To determine whether a set of five postnatal variables are associated with ASD. These variables are: acetaminophen exposure, antibiotic exposure, incidence of ear infection, decreased duration of breastfeeding, and decreased consumption of oral vitamin D drops...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909795/post-conflict-household-structures-and-underweight-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-community-based-study-in-northern-uganda
#15
Stine Schramm, Jannie Nielsen, Felix O Kaducu, Ceaser L Okumu, Emilio Ovuga, Morten Sodemann
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between household-level characteristics and underweight in a post-conflict population. DESIGN: Nutritional status of residents in the Gulu Health and Demographic Surveillance Site was obtained during a community-based cross-sectional study, ~6 years after the civil war. Household-level factors included headship, polygamy, household size, child-to-adult ratio, child crowding, living with a stunted or overweight person, deprived area, distance to health centre and socio-economic status...
June 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908406/peer-support-intervention-for-postpartum-depression-participant-satisfaction-and-program-effectiveness
#16
Betty-Shannon Prevatt, Evan M Lowder, Sarah L Desmarais
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum mood disorders represent a serious problem affecting 10-20% of women and support groups offer a promising intervention modality. The current study examined participant satisfaction with and effectiveness of a peer-facilitated postpartum support group. INTERVENTION: The program consists of a free, peer-support group, developed to increase social support and destigmatise postpartum mood symptoms. The weekly group is co-facilitated by former group attendees and maternal health professionals...
May 31, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908235/the-effect-of-antibiotics-on-social-aversion-following-early-life-inflammation
#17
Amanda C Kentner, Urma Khan, M MacRae, Scot E Dowd, Siyang Yan
Epidemiological evidence suggests that exposure to infection during early development increases the risk for neurodevelopmental disorders associated with symptoms such as a decreased desire to engage in social interactions. This disruption in social behavior can be modelled in animals by administering bacterial mimetics such as liposaccharide (LPS). However, when evaluating social interactions in the laboratory, attention is rarely directed on the reciprocal relationship as a whole, which is important as peers may drive social withdrawal...
June 13, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907804/administration-of-molecular-hydrogen-during-pregnancy-improves-behavioral-abnormalities-of-offspring-in-a-maternal-immune-activation-model
#18
Kenji Imai, Tomomi Kotani, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Tomoko Nakano, Takafumi Ushida, Akira Iwase, Taku Nagai, Shinya Toyokuni, Akio Suzumura, Fumitaka Kikkawa
The aim of the present study was to investigate long-term outcomes of the offspring in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced maternal immune activation (MIA) model and the effect of maternal molecular hydrogen (H2 ) administration. We have previously demonstrated in the MIA mouse model that maternal administration of H2 attenuates oxidative damage and neuroinflammation, including induced pro-inflammatory cytokines and microglial activation, in the fetal brain. Short-term memory, sociability and social novelty, and sensorimotor gating were evaluated using the Y-maze, three-chamber, and prepulse inhibition (PPI) tests, respectively, at postnatal 3 or 4 weeks...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907782/sociality-does-not-drive-the-evolution-of-large-brains-in-eusocial-african-mole-rats
#19
Kristina Kverková, Tereza Bělíková, Seweryn Olkowicz, Zuzana Pavelková, M Justin O'Riain, Radim Šumbera, Hynek Burda, Nigel C Bennett, Pavel Němec
The social brain hypothesis (SBH) posits that the demands imposed on individuals by living in cohesive social groups exert a selection pressure favouring the evolution of large brains and complex cognitive abilities. Using volumetry and the isotropic fractionator to determine the size of and numbers of neurons in specific brain regions, here we test this hypothesis in African mole-rats (Bathyergidae). These subterranean rodents exhibit a broad spectrum of social complexity, ranging from strictly solitary through to eusocial cooperative breeders, but feature similar ecologies and life history traits...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907777/social-status-and-prenatal-testosterone-exposure-assessed-via-second-to-fourth-digit-ratio-affect-6-9-year-old-children-s-prosocial-choices
#20
Lisa Horn, Niklas A Hungerländer, Sonja Windhager, Thomas Bugnyar, Jorg J M Massen
Prosocial behaviour (i.e., voluntary behaviour intended to benefit another) seems to be fully developed in children by the age of 6 years. However, questions about which factors modify prosocial behaviour at that age remain understudied. Here we used a resource allocation paradigm to test prosocial behaviour in 6-9-year-old school children. They could decide between a "selfish" (i.e., one sticker for themselves) and a "prosocial" option (i.e., one sticker for themselves and one for the receiver) and we tested whether friendship, social status and prenatal androgen exposure (approximated by the 2nd to 4th digit ratio; 2D:4D) influenced children's prosocial choices...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
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