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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935389/the-effect-of-interaction-anxiousness-scale-and-brief-social-phobia-scale-for-screening-social-anxiety-disorder-in-college-students-a-study-on-discriminative-validity
#1
Jianqin Cao, Jinwei Yang, Yuqiu Zhou, Fuliu Chu, Xiwu Zhao, Weiren Wang, Yunlong Wang, Tao Peng
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most prevalent mental health problems, but there is little research concerning the effective screening instruments in practice. METHODS: This study was designed to examine the discriminative validity of Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS) and Brief Social Phobia Scale (BSPS) for the screening of SAD through the compared and combined analysis. Firstly, 421 Chinese undergraduates were screened by the IAS and BSPS...
December 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933541/social-interactions-and-indirect-genetic-effects-on-complex-juvenile-and-adult-traits
#2
David G Ashbrook, Reinmar Hager
Most animal species are social in one form or another, yet many studies in rodent model systems use either individually housed animals or ignore potential confounds caused by group housing. While such social interaction effects on developmental and behavioral traits are well established, the genetic basis of social interactions has not been researched in as much detail. Specifically, the effects of genetic variation in social partners on the phenotype of a focal individual have mostly been studied at the phenotypic level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933364/behavioral-alterations-of-zebrafish-larvae-after-early-embryonic-exposure-to-ketamine
#3
Luís M Félix, Luís M Antunes, Ana M Coimbra, Ana M Valentim
RATIONALE: Ketamine has been associated with pediatric risks that include neurocognitive impairment and long-term behavioral disorders. However, the neurobehavioral effects of ketamine exposure in early development remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test stage- and dose-dependent effects of ketamine exposure on certain brain functions by evaluating alterations in locomotion, anxiety-like and avoidance behaviors, as well as socialization. METHODS: Embryos were exposed to different concentrations of ketamine (0, 0...
December 8, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933164/effect-of-elevated-carbon-dioxide-on-shoal-familiarity-and-metabolism-in-a-coral-reef-fish
#4
Lauren E Nadler, Shaun S Killen, Mark I McCormick, Sue-Ann Watson, Philip L Munday
Atmospheric CO2 is expected to more than double by the end of the century. The resulting changes in ocean chemistry will affect the behaviour, sensory systems and physiology of a range of fish species. Although a number of past studies have examined effects of CO2 in gregarious fishes, most have assessed individuals in social isolation, which can alter individual behaviour and metabolism in social species. Within social groups, a learned familiarity can develop following a prolonged period of interaction between individuals, with fishes preferentially associating with familiar conspecifics because of benefits such as improved social learning and greater foraging opportunities...
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933028/autism-in-action-reduced-bodily-connectedness-during-social-interactions
#5
C Lieke E Peper, Sija J van der Wal, Sander Begeer
Autism is a lifelong disorder, defined by deficits in social interactions and flexibility. To date, diagnostic markers for autism primarily include limitations in social behavior and cognition. However, such tests have often shown to be inadequate for individuals with autism who are either more cognitively able or intellectually disabled. The assessment of the social limitations of autism would benefit from new tests that capture the dynamics of social initiative and reciprocity in interaction processes, and that are not dependent on intellectual or verbal skills...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#6
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933006/system-to-detect-racial-based-bullying-through-gamification
#7
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, Africa Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María Del Mar Simón-Marquez
Prevention and detection of bullying due to racial stigma was studied in school contexts using a system designed following "gamification" principles and integrating less usual elements, such as social interaction, augmented reality and cell phones in educational scenarios. "Grounded Theory" and "User Centered Design" were employed to explore coexistence inside and outside the classroom in terms of preferences and distrust in several areas of action and social frameworks of activity, and to direct the development of a cell phone app for early detection of school bullying scenarios...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932551/antigen-unmasking-enhances-visualization-efficacy-of-the-oocyte-activation-factor-phospholipase-c-zeta-in-mammalian-sperm
#8
Junaid Kashir, Luke Buntwal, Michail Nomikos, Brian L Calver, Panagiotis Stamatiadis, Peter Ashley, Vyronia Vassilakopoulou, David Sanders, Paul Knaggs, Evangelia Livaniou, Adnan Bunkheila, Karl Swann, F Anthony Lai
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to improve clinical visualization of phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ) as a diagnostic marker of sperm oocyte activation capacity and male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Poor PLCζ visualization efficacy using current protocols may be due to steric or conformational occlusion of native PLCζ, hindering antibody access, and is significantly enhanced using antigen unmasking/retrieval (AUM) protocols. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mammalian oocyte activation is mediated via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations induced by sperm-specific PLCζ...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931925/investigating-interactions-between-uk-horse-owners-and-prescribers-of-anthelmintics
#9
Stephanie Easton, Gina L Pinchbeck, Thomas Tzelos, David J Bartley, Emily Hotchkiss, Jane E Hodgkinson, Jacqueline B Matthews
Helminths are common pathogens of equids and anthelmintic resistance is a major issue in cyathostomin species and Parascaris equorum. At the heart of mitigating the impact of increasing anthelmintic resistance levels, is the responsible dissemination and use of these medicines following best practice principles. There is a paucity of information on interactions between horse owners and anthelmintic prescribers and how this shapes control. Here, a study was undertaken to determine opinions and experiences of horse owners as they relate to anthelmintics purchase and implementation of best practice control...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930959/social-support-negative-maltreatment-related-cognitions-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
A Münzer, H G Ganser, L Goldbeck
Social support by family, friends and significant others is known to buffer the impact of adverse life events on children's well-being and functioning, however little is known about pathways explaining this association. We investigated whether maltreatment-related cognitions mediate the association between social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Furthermore, age was introduced as moderator. We assessed the history of maltreatment in 200 maltreated children and adolescents (age 8-17 years) using a semi-structured interview...
December 5, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930904/computations-underlying-social-hierarchy-learning-distinct-neural-mechanisms-for-updating-and-representing-self-relevant-information
#11
Dharshan Kumaran, Andrea Banino, Charles Blundell, Demis Hassabis, Peter Dayan
Knowledge about social hierarchies organizes human behavior, yet we understand little about the underlying computations. Here we show that a Bayesian inference scheme, which tracks the power of individuals, better captures behavioral and neural data compared with a reinforcement learning model inspired by rating systems used in games such as chess. We provide evidence that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) selectively mediates the updating of knowledge about one's own hierarchy, as opposed to that of another individual, a process that underpinned successful performance and involved functional interactions with the amygdala and hippocampus...
December 7, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930714/social-context-modulates-facial-imitation-of-children-s-emotional-expressions
#12
Peter A Bos, Nadine Jap-Tjong, Hannah Spencer, Dennis Hofman
Children use emotional facial expressions of others for guiding their behavior, a process which is important to a child's social-emotional development. Earlier studies on facial interaction demonstrate that imitation of emotional expressions of others is automatic, yet can be dynamically modulated depending on contextual information. Considering the value of emotional expressions for children especially, we tested whether and to what extent information about children's temperament and domestic situation alters mimicry of their emotional expressions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930592/self-reported-psychological-development-in-cosmetic-breast-surgery-patients
#13
María Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, María Jesús Arias-Moreno, María Esther Rincón-Fernández, José Ignacio Ortega-Martínez
Cosmetic breast surgery is the only therapeutic alternative for psychological and physical complications associated with micromasty, breast ptosis, and macromasty. We analyzed the effects of 2 variables, time, and type of cosmetic breast surgery, on anxiety symptomatology and quality of life.Following a mixed 3 × 4 design, 3 groups of women with breast augmentation (n = 63), mastopexy (n = 42), and breast reduction (n = 30) were selected and evaluated using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey at 4 different times, the preoperative stage, and at 1, 6, and 12 months postoperative...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930284/racial-ethnic-differences-in-associations-between-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-united-states-2013-2014
#14
Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Irene H Yen, Simona C Kwon
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood factors are increasingly recognized as determinants of health. Neighborhood social cohesion may be associated with physical activity, but previous studies examined data aggregated across racial/ethnic groups. We assessed whether neighborhood social cohesion was associated with physical activity in a nationally representative data set and explored the role of race/ethnicity. METHODS: We combined National Health Interview Survey data from 2013 and 2014 (n = 64,754) and constructed a neighborhood social cohesion score by summing responses to 4 questions...
December 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929330/differential-relationships-between-social-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-by-hiv-status-and-racial-ethnic-identity
#15
Timothy J Williamson, Zanjbeel Mahmood, Taylor P Kuhn, April D Thames
OBJECTIVE: Historically marginalized groups are likely to be exposed to social adversity, which predicts important mental health outcomes (e.g., depression). Despite the well-established relationship between adversity and poor health, few studies have examined how adversity differentially predicts mental health among people living with multiple, co-occurring marginalized identities or statuses. The current study fills this gap by examining whether relationships between social adversity and depressive symptoms differed between those living with or without a stigmatized disease (i...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929314/unique-contributions-of-emotion-regulation-and-executive-functions-in-predicting-the-quality-of-parent-child-interaction-behaviors
#16
Anne Shaffer, Jelena Obradović
Parenting is a cognitive, emotional, and behavioral endeavor, yet limited research investigates parents' executive functions and emotion regulation as predictors of how parents interact with their children. The current study is a multimethod investigation of parental self-regulation in relation to the quality of parenting behavior and parent-child interactions in a diverse sample of parents and kindergarten-age children. Using path analyses, we tested how parent executive functions (inhibitory control) and lack of emotion regulation strategies uniquely relate to both sensitive/responsive behaviors and positive/collaborative behaviors during observed interaction tasks...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929100/oxytocin-improves-synchronisation-in-leader-follower-interaction
#17
L Gebauer, M A G Witek, N C Hansen, J Thomas, I Konvalinka, P Vuust
The neuropeptide oxytocin has been shown to affect social interaction. Meanwhile, the underlying mechanism remains highly debated. Using an interpersonal finger-tapping paradigm, we investigated whether oxytocin affects the ability to synchronise with and adapt to the behaviour of others. Dyads received either oxytocin or a non-active placebo, intranasally. We show that in conditions where one dyad-member was tapping to another unresponsive dyad-member - i.e. one was following another who was leading/self-pacing - dyads given oxytocin were more synchronised than dyads given placebo...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928745/perceived-emotion-genuineness-normative-ratings-for-popular-facial-expression-stimuli-and-the-development-of-perceived-as-genuine-and-perceived-as-fake-sets
#18
Amy Dawel, Luke Wright, Jessica Irons, Rachael Dumbleton, Romina Palermo, Richard O'Kearney, Elinor McKone
In everyday social interactions, people's facial expressions sometimes reflect genuine emotion (e.g., anger in response to a misbehaving child) and sometimes do not (e.g., smiling for a school photo). There is increasing theoretical interest in this distinction, but little is known about perceived emotion genuineness for existing facial expression databases. We present a new method for rating perceived genuineness using a neutral-midpoint scale (-7 = completely fake; 0 = don't know; +7 = completely genuine) that, unlike previous methods, provides data on both relative and absolute perceptions...
December 7, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928515/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
Maheen F Siddiqui, Clare Elwell, Mark H Johnson
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are classified as neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by diminished social communication and interaction. Recently, evidence has accrued that a significant proportion of individuals with autism have concomitant diseases such as mitochondrial disease and abnormalities of energy generation. This has therefore led to the hypothesis that autism may be linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. We review such studies reporting decreased activity of mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) complexes and reduced gene expression of mitochondrial genes, in particular genes of respiratory chain complexes, in individuals with autism...
September 27, 2016: Autism-open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927662/development-of-a-model-of-dementia-support-and-pathway-for-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-communities-using-co-creation-and-participatory-action-research
#20
Dianne Goeman, Jordan King, Susan Koch
OBJECTIVE: To develop an inclusive model of culturally sensitive support, using a specialist dementia nurse (SDN), to assist people with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities and their carers to overcome barriers to accessing health and social care services. DESIGN: Co-creation and participatory action research, based on reflection, data collection, interaction and feedback from participants and stakeholders. SETTING: An SDN support model embedded within a home nursing service in Melbourne, Australia was implemented between October 2013 and October 2015...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
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