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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550803/discourse-in-action-parents-use-of-medical-and-social-models-to-resist-disability-stigma
#1
Bianca Manago, Jenny L Davis, Carla Goar
For parents of children with disabilities, stigmatization is part of everyday life. To resist the negative social and emotional consequences of stigma, parents both challenge and deflect social devaluations. Challenges work to upend the stigmatizing structure, while deflections maintain the interaction order. We examine how parents of children with disabilities deploy deflections and challenges, and how their stigma resistance strategies combine with available models of disability discourse. Disability discourse falls into two broad categories: medical and social...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550624/social-contexts-modulate-neural-responses-in-the-processing-of-others-pain-an-event-related-potential-study
#2
Fang Cui, Xiangru Zhu, Yuejia Luo
Two hypotheses have been proposed regarding the response that is triggered by observing others' pain: the "empathizing hypothesis" and the "threat value of pain hypothesis." The former suggests that observing others' pain triggers an empathic response. The latter suggests that it activates the threat-detection system. In the present study, participants were instructed to observe pictures that showed an anonymous hand or foot in a painful or non-painful situation in a threatening or friendly social context. Event-related potentials were recorded when the participants passively observed these pictures in different contexts...
May 26, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550016/genomic-analysis-of-genotype-by-social-environment-interaction-for-drosophila-aggressive-behavior
#3
Palle Duun Rohde, Bryn Gaertner, Kirsty Wards, Peter Sørensen, Trudy F C Mackay
Human psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and attention-deficit/hyper-activity disorder often include adverse behaviors including increased aggressiveness. Individuals with psychiatric disorders often exhibit social withdrawal, which can further increase the probability of conducting a violent act. Here, we used the inbred, sequenced lines of the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP) to investigate the genetic basis of variation in male aggressive behavior for flies reared in a socialized and socially isolated environment...
May 26, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#4
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549101/loneliness-and-objectively-measured-physical-capability-in-middle-aged-adults
#5
Rikke Lund, Jelena Laban, Gitte L Petersen, Agnete Dissing, Åse Marie Hansen, Naja H Rod
Loneliness is associated with poor functional ability in older people. Little is known about this association in the middle-aged. The aim is to investigate if perceived loneliness is associated with lower physical capability among middle-aged men and women and if the associations of loneliness with physical capability interact with socioeconomic position and cohabitation status. 5224 participants from Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) aged 49-62 years (mean age 54) were included. Handgrip strength (measured by a dynamometer) and maximal number of chair rises in 30 s was recorded...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548873/students-with-asthma-and-its-impacts
#6
Elif Isik, Ismet S Isik
Asthma is a common chronic disease in children. Uncontrolled asthma is a significant contributor to school absenteeism, emergency room visits, and hospitalization, all of which can lead to low school performance, financial burdens, and emotional problems for children and their parents. Asthma in children restricts the activities of school-aged children, such as participating in before- and after-school activity and extracurricular activities such as sports. Uncontrolled asthma has the potential to impact a student's self-confidence and social interactions...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548461/attending-learning-and-socioeconomic-disadvantage-developmental-cognitive-and-social-neuroscience-of-resilience-and-vulnerability
#7
REVIEW
Kylie Schibli, Kyle Wong, Nina Hedayati, Amedeo D'Angiulli
We review current findings associating socioeconomic status (SES), development of neurocognitive functions, and neurobiological pathways. A sizeable interdisciplinary literature was organized through a bifurcated developmental trajectory (BiDeT) framework, an account of the external and internal variables associated with low SES that may lead to difficulties with attention and learning, along with buffers that may protect against negative outcomes. A consistent neurocognitive finding is that low-SES children attend to information nonselectively, and engage in late filtering out of task-irrelevant information...
May 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548263/remembering-my-friends-medial-prefrontal-and-hippocampal-contributions-to-the-self-reference-effect-on-face-memories-in-a-social-context
#8
Rie Yamawaki, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toshihiko Aso, Yayoi Shigemune, Hidenao Fukuyama, Takashi Tsukiura
Memories associated with the self are remembered more accurately than those associated with others. The memory enhancement related to the self is known as the self-reference effect (SRE). However, little is known regarding the neural mechanisms underlying the SRE in a social context modulated by social relationships. In the present fMRI study, we investigated encoding-related activation of face memories encoded with the self-referential process in a social context that was manipulated by imagining a person-to-person relationship...
May 26, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546784/doing-laboratory-ethnography-reflections-on-method-in-scientific-workplaces
#9
Neil Stephens, Jamie Lewis
Laboratory ethnography extended the social scientist's gaze into the day-to-day accomplishment of scientific practice. Here we reflect upon our own ethnographies of biomedical scientific workspaces to provoke methodological discussion on the doing of laboratory ethnography. What we provide is less a 'how to' guide and more a commentary on what to look for and what to look at. We draw upon our empirical research with stem cell laboratories and animal houses, teams producing robotic surgical tools, musicians sonifying data science, a psychiatric genetics laboratory, and scientists developing laboratory grown meat...
April 2017: Qualitative Research: QR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546653/biosocial-conservation-integrating-biological-and-ethnographic-methods-to-study-human-primate-interactions
#10
Joanna M Setchell, Emilie Fairet, Kathryn Shutt, Siân Waters, Sandra Bell
Biodiversity conservation is one of the grand challenges facing society. Many people interested in biodiversity conservation have a background in wildlife biology. However, the diverse social, cultural, political, and historical factors that influence the lives of people and wildlife can be investigated fully only by incorporating social science methods, ideally within an interdisciplinary framework. Cultural hierarchies of knowledge and the hegemony of the natural sciences create a barrier to interdisciplinary understandings...
2017: International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545796/is-type-d-personality-a-risk-factor-for-all-cause-mortality-a-prospective-population-based-study-among-2625-colorectal-cancer-survivors-from-the-profiles-registry
#11
Dounya Schoormans, Olga Husson, Johan Denollet, Floortje Mols
Objective Our goal was to examine whether Type D personality and its components, negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), were associated with all-cause mortality among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: CRC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2009, as registered in the Dutch population-based Eindhoven Cancer Registry, received a questionnaire on Type D (DS14) on average 5.3years after diagnosis. Survival status (31-12-2013) was obtained from the Central Bureau for Genealogy...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545792/living-alone-and-activation-of-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-differential-effects-depending-on-alexithymic-personality-features
#12
Jan Terock, Anke Hannemann, Deborah Janowitz, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Harald-Jürgen Freyberger, Henri Wallaschofski, Hans Jörgen Grabe
OBJECTIVE: Living alone is considered as a chronic stress factor predicting different health conditions and particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD). Alexithymia is associated with increased psychological distress, less social skills and fewer close relationships, making alexithymic subjects particularly susceptible to chronic stress imposed by "living alone". Only few studies investigated the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) activity in response to chronic stress. We aimed at evaluating the effects of "living alone" as a paradigm for chronic stress on RAAS activity and putatively differential effects depending on alexithymic personality features...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545524/an-unsupervised-learning-approach-for-tracking-mice-in-an-enclosed-area
#13
Jakob Unger, Mike Mansour, Marcin Kopaczka, Nina Gronloh, Marc Spehr, Dorit Merhof
BACKGROUND: In neuroscience research, mouse models are valuable tools to understand the genetic mechanisms that advance evidence-based discovery. In this context, large-scale studies emphasize the need for automated high-throughput systems providing a reproducible behavioral assessment of mutant mice with only a minimum level of manual intervention. Basic element of such systems is a robust tracking algorithm. However, common tracking algorithms are either limited by too specific model assumptions or have to be trained in an elaborate preprocessing step, which drastically limits their applicability for behavioral analysis...
May 25, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545425/mental-health-training-programmes-for-non-mental-health-trained-professionals-coming-into-contact-with-people-with-mental-ill-health-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness
#14
Alison Booth, Arabella Scantlebury, Adwoa Hughes-Morley, Natasha Mitchell, Kath Wright, William Scott, Catriona McDaid
BACKGROUND: The police and others in occupations where they come into close contact with people experiencing/with mental ill health, often have to manage difficult and complex situations. Training is needed to equip them to recognise and assist when someone has a mental health issue or learning/intellectual disability. We undertook a systematic review of the effectiveness of training programmes aimed at increasing knowledge, changing behaviour and/or attitudes of the trainees with regard to mental ill health, mental vulnerability, and learning disabilities...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545399/general-cognitive-status-among-baby-boomers-and-pre-boomers-in-taiwan-the-interplay-between-mid-life-socioeconomic-status-and-city-residence
#15
Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to assess the interaction between mid-life socioeconomic status (SES) and city residence on the cognitive status of Baby Boomers and pre-Boomers in Taiwan, a non-Western society with a distinct cultural and family context, taking apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymophism and life stressors into consideration. METHODS: The data used was from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study (SEBAS) collected in Taiwan during 2006, this involved 1245 individuals from 23 communities and used multilevel regression...
May 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545347/family-composition-and-marital-dissolution-in-rural-nepal-1945-2008
#16
Elyse A Jennings
The presence, number, sex, and age composition of children within families can have important influences on couples' marital outcomes. Children are valued across settings, but their value in settings where there is an absence of formalized social security is distinctive. This paper explores the influences of childlessness, and different number, age, and sex compositions of children, on the odds of marital dissolution among couples in rural Nepal. Results reveal that childless couples face significantly higher odds of dissolution than couples with at least one child, and each additional child-up to three children-reduces couples' odds of dissolution...
July 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545125/causal-interactions-in-resting-state-networks-predict-perceived-loneliness
#17
Yin Tian, Li Yang, Sifan Chen, Daqing Guo, Zechao Ding, Kin Yip Tam, Dezhong Yao
Loneliness is broadly described as a negative emotional response resulting from the differences between the actual and desired social relations of an individual, which is related to the neural responses in connection with social and emotional stimuli. Prior research has discovered that some neural regions play a role in loneliness. However, little is known about the differences among individuals in loneliness and the relationship of those differences to differences in neural networks. The current study aimed to investigate individual differences in perceived loneliness related to the causal interactions between resting-state networks (RSNs), including the dorsal attentional network (DAN), the ventral attentional network (VAN), the affective network (AfN) and the visual network (VN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544991/associations-of-neighborhood-social-environment-attributes-and-physical-activity-among-9-11-year-old-children-from-12-countries
#18
Samaah M Sullivan, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T Katzmarzyk
We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9-11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers...
May 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544926/understanding-the-influence-of-power-and-empathic-perspective-taking-on-collaborative-natural-resource-management
#19
Dara M Wald, Elizabeth A Segal, Erik W Johnston, Ajay Vinze
Public engagement in collaborative natural resource management necessitates shared understanding and collaboration. Empathic perspective-taking is a critical facilitator of shared understanding and positive social interactions, such as collaboration. Yet there is currently little understanding about how to reliably generate empathic perspective-taking and collaboration, particularly in situations involving the unequal distribution of environmental resources or power. Here we examine how experiencing the loss or gain of social power influenced empathic perspective-taking and behavior within a computer-mediated scenario...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544871/signs-of-social-class-the-experience-of-economic-inequality-in-everyday-life
#20
Michael W Kraus, Jun Won Park, Jacinth J X Tan
By some accounts, global economic inequality is at its highest point on record. The pernicious effects of this broad societal trend are striking: Rising inequality is linked to poorer health and well-being across countries, continents, and cultures. The economic and psychological forces that perpetuate inequality continue to be studied, and in this theoretical review, we examine the role of daily experiences of economic inequality-the communication of social class signals between interaction partners-in this process...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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