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Luminal a breast cancer radiation

Anna Niwińska, Katarzyna Pogoda, Wojciech Michalski, Michał Kunkiel, Agnieszka Jagiełło-Gruszfeld
The study aimed to assess factors affecting survival of breast cancer patients suffering leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) and to compare survivals in patients with LM as the first and only site of metastases at presentation to patients with LM and metastases in other organs, along with selecting a patient group which had the best survival outcomes. Subject groups consisted of 187 patients consecutively referred during 1999-2015. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify factors associated with prolonged survival from LM...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Tinne Laurberg, Trine Tramm, Torsten Nielsen, Jan Alsner, Silje Nord, Simen Myhre, Therese Sørlie, Samuel Leung, Cheng Fan, Charles Perou, Karen Gelmon, Jens Overgaard, David Voduc, Aleix Prat, Maggie Chon U Cheang
BACKGROUND: The study of the intrinsic molecular subtypes of breast cancer has revealed differences among them in terms of prognosis and response to chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. However, the ability of intrinsic subtypes to predict benefit from adjuvant radiotherapy has only been examined in few studies. METHODS: Gene expression-based intrinsic subtyping was performed in 228 breast tumors collected from two independent post-mastectomy clinical trials (British Columbia and the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group 82b trials), where pre-menopausal patients with node-positive disease were randomized to adjuvant radiotherapy or not...
January 2018: Acta Oncologica
Karolina Zaleska, Anna Przybyła, Katarzyna Kulcenty, Mateusz Wichtowski, Andrzej Mackiewicz, Wiktoria Suchorska, Dawid Murawa
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease occurring in women. Conservative breast cancer surgery followed by radiation therapy is currently the standard treatment for this type of cancer. The majority of metastases occur within the scar, which initiated a series of studies. As a result, clinical trials aimed to assess whether localized radiotherapy, as intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), may more effective in inhibiting the formation of local recurrence compared with the standard postoperative whole breast radiotherapy...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
Cecilia T Ong, Samantha M Thomas, Rachel C Blitzblau, Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Tristen S Park, Jennifer K Plichta, Laura H Rosenberger, Terry Hyslop, E Shelley Hwang, Rachel A Greenup
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z0011 trial established the safety of omitting axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for early-stage breast cancer patients with limited nodal disease undergoing lumpectomy. We examined the extent of axillary surgery among women eligible for Z0011 based on patient age and tumor subtype. METHODS: Patients with cT1-2, cN0 breast cancers and one or two positive nodes diagnosed from 2009 to 2014 and treated with lumpectomy were identified in the National Cancer Data Base...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Chen-Ting Lee, Yingchun Zhou, Kingshuk Roy-Choudhury, Sharareh Siamakpour-Reihani, Kenneth Young, Peter Hoang, John P Kirkpatrick, Jen-Tsan A Chi, Mark W Dewhirst, Janet K Horton
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed among women and represents a heterogeneous group of subtypes. Radiation therapy is a critical component of treatment for breast cancer patients. However, little is known about radiation response among these intrinsic subtypes. In previous studies, we identified a significant induction of FAS after irradiation in biologically favorable breast cancer patients and breast cancer cell lines. Here, we expanded our study and investigated radiation response in a mouse model of breast cancer...
August 2017: Radiation Research
Pang-Kuo Lo, Benjamin Wolfson, Qun Zhou
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a category of early stage, non-invasive breast tumor defined by the intraductal proliferation of malignant breast epithelial cells. DCIS is a heterogeneous disease composed of multiple molecular subtypes including luminal, HER2 and basal-like types, which are characterized by immunohistochemical analyses and gene expression profiling. Following surgical and radiation therapies, patients with luminal-type, estrogen receptor-positive DCIS breast tumors can benefit from adjuvant endocrine-based treatment...
May 10, 2016: World Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jacob A Miller, Rupesh Kotecha, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Alireza M Mohammadi, Samuel T Chao, Gene H Barnett, Erin S Murphy, Michael A Vogelbaum, Lilyana Angelov, David M Peereboom, John H Suh
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to investigate survival and the response to radiotherapy among patients with molecular subtypes of breast cancer brain metastases treated with or without targeted therapies. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with breast cancer brain metastases at a single tertiary care institution were included. The primary outcome was overall survival, whereas secondary outcomes included the cumulative incidences of distant intracranial failure, local failure, and radiation necrosis...
June 15, 2017: Cancer
Soichiro Ueno, Takashi Nakakuma, Osamu Murata, Norihiko Sengoku, Kazuhiro Karikomi, Megumi Honma
Of the 210 patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer and received radiation therapy for 3 years from April 2012 to March 2015 at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology of our hospital, 6 were diagnosed with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia(COP)-like pneumonia and treated as reported. The mean age of the patients was 51years(40- 65 years), and the pathological subtypes were the luminal type(5 cases)and HER2 type(1case ), all of which were treated with radiation therapy for breast conservation...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
J Barrou, M Bannier, M Cohen, E Lambaudie, A Gonçalves, P Bertrand, M Buttarelli, P Opinel, N Sterkers, A Tallet, C Zinzindohoué, G Houvenaeghel
CONTEXT: Even if neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and oncoplastic techniques have increased the breast conserving surgery rate, mastectomy is still a standard for multifocal or extensive breast cancers (BC). In the prospect of increasing breast reconstruction, an alternative therapeutic protocol was developed combining NACT with neoadjuvant radiation therapy (NART), followed by mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction (IBR). The oncological safety of this therapeutic plan still needs further exploration...
April 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Lars Johan Sandberg, Mark W Clemens, W F Symmans, Vicente Valero, Abigail S Caudle, Benjamin Smith, Henry M Kuerer, Limin Hsu, Steven J Kronowitz
BACKGROUND: Molecular profiling using breast cancer subtype has an increasing role in the multidisciplinary care of the breast cancer patient. We sought to determine the role of breast cancer subtyping in breast reconstruction and specifically if breast cancer subtyping can determine the need for postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) and predict recurrence-free survival (RFS) to plan for the timing and technique of breast reconstruction. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data from 1931 reconstructed breasts in breast cancer patients who underwent mastectomy between November 1999 and December 2012...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Sang-Won Kim, Mison Chun, Sehwan Han, Yong Sik Jung, Jin Hyuk Choi, Seok Yun Kang, Hyunee Yim, Seung Hee Kang
PURPOSE: The effects of biological subtypes within breast cancer on prognosis are influenced by age at diagnosis. We investigated the association of young age with locoregional recurrence (LRR) between patients with luminal subtypes versus those with nonluminal subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 524 breast cancer patients with positive lymph nodes between 1999 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients received curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy based on contemporary guidelines...
April 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Naoki Nakamura, Satoko Arahira, Sadamoto Zenda, Kimiyasu Yoneyama, Hirofumi Mukai, Masakatsu Onozawa, Masamichi Toshima, Atsushi Motegi, Yasuhiro Hirano, Hidehiro Hojo, Yuichi Kibe, Tetsuo Akimoto
To clarify the efficacy and toxicity of post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) without usage of a bolus, we identified 129 consecutive patients who received PMRT at the National Cancer Center Hospital East between 2003 and 2012. Seven of the 129 patients who received breast reconstruction before PMRT were excluded. All patients received PMRT of 6 MV photons, without usage of a bolus. The median follow-up duration for all eligible patients was 47.7 months (range: 4.0-123.2). Local, locoregional and isolated locoregional recurrence was found in 12 (9...
January 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Caterina Fontanella, Elisa De Carlo, Marika Cinausero, Giacomo Pelizzari, Ilaria Venuti, Fabio Puglisi
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement from breast cancer (BC) has been historically considered a relatively rare event. However, the development of new therapeutic strategies with a better control of extra-cranial disease and a longer overall survival (OS) has determined an increased incidence of brain metastases. Patients with HER2-positive or triple negative BC have higher occurrence of CNS involvement than patients with luminal-like disease. Moreover, after development of brain metastases, the prognosis is highly influenced by biological subtype...
May 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Roman Mezencev, Lilya V Matyunina, Neda Jabbari, John F McDonald
BACKGROUND: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been associated with the acquisition of metastatic potential and the resistance of cancer cells to therapeutic treatments. MCF-7 breast cancer cells engineered to constitutively express the zinc-finger transcriptional repressor gene Snail (MCF-7-Snail cells) have been previously shown to display morphological and molecular changes characteristic of EMT. We report here the results of a comprehensive systems level molecular analysis of changes in global patterns of gene expression and levels of glutathione and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in MCF-7-Snail cells and the consequence of these changes on the sensitivity of cells to radiation treatment and therapeutic drugs...
March 18, 2016: BMC Cancer
Ryota Tanaka, Kan Yonemori, Akihiro Hirakawa, Fumie Kinoshita, Naoki Takahashi, Jun Hashimoto, Makoto Kodaira, Harukaze Yamamoto, Mayu Yunokawa, Chikako Shimizu, Manabu Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Kenji Tamura
BACKGROUND: Bone-modifying agents (BMAs) reduce the incidence of skeletal-related events (SREs) and are thus recommended for breast cancer patients with bone metastases. However, the risk factors for SREs during BMA treatment are not well-understood. This study evaluated the number and timing of SREs from case studies to identify these factors. METHODS: The medical records of 534 women with breast cancer who developed bone metastases between 1999 and 2011 were reviewed...
April 2016: Oncologist
M Tumiati, P M Munne, H Edgren, S Eldfors, A Hemmes, S G Kuznetsov
Almost half of all hereditary breast cancers (BCs) are associated with germ-line mutations in homologous recombination (HR) genes. However, the tumor phenotypes associated with different HR genes vary, making it difficult to define the role of HR in BC predisposition. To distinguish between HR-dependent and -independent features of BCs, we generated a mouse model in which an essential HR gene, Rad51c, is knocked-out specifically in epidermal tissues. Rad51c is one of the key mediators of HR and a well-known BC predisposition gene...
September 1, 2016: Oncogene
Eunjin Jwa, Kyung Hwan Shin, Hyeon Woo Lim, So-Youn Jung, Seeyoun Lee, Han-Sung Kang, EunSook Lee, Young Hee Park
INTRODUCTION: The locoregional recurrence (LRR) rate was reported as high as approximately 20% in stage I-II breast cancer following mastectomy. To investigate the risk factors for LRR in pT1-2N0-1 breast cancer patients treated with mastectomy but not radiation, and to define a subgroup of patients at high risk of LRR who may benefit from postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In total, 390 patients with pT1-2N0M0 (n = 307) and pT1-2N1M0 (n = 83) breast cancer who underwent total mastectomy without adjuvant radiotherapy from 2002 to 2011 were enrolled in the study...
2015: PloS One
Janet K Horton, Sharareh Siamakpour-Reihani, Chen-Ting Lee, Ying Zhou, Wei Chen, Joseph Geradts, Diane R Fels, Peter Hoang, Kathleen A Ashcraft, Jeff Groth, Hsiu-Ni Kung, Mark W Dewhirst, Jen-Tsan A Chi
Although a standardized approach to radiotherapy has been used to treat breast cancer, regardless of subtype (e.g., luminal, basal), recent clinical data suggest that radiation response may vary significantly among subtypes. We hypothesized that this clinical variability may be due, in part, to differences in cellular radiation response. In this study, we utilized RNA samples for microarray analysis from two sources: 1. Paired pre- and postirradiation breast tumor tissue from 32 early-stage breast cancer patients treated in our unique preoperative radiation Phase I trial; and 2...
November 2015: Radiation Research
Javier F Torres-Roca, William J Fulp, Jimmy J Caudell, Nicolas Servant, Marc A Bollet, Marc van de Vijver, Arash O Naghavi, Eleanor E Harris, Steven A Eschrich
PURPOSE: Recently, we developed radiosensitivity (RSI), a clinically validated molecular signature that estimates tumor radiosensitivity. In the present study, we tested whether integrating RSI with the molecular subtype refines the classification of local recurrence (LR) risk in breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: RSI and molecular subtype were evaluated in 343 patients treated with breast-conserving therapy that included whole-breast radiation therapy with or without a tumor bed boost (dose range 45-72 Gy)...
November 1, 2015: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Yolanda D Tseng, Hajime Uno, Melissa E Hughes, Joyce C Niland, Yu-Ning Wong, Richard Theriault, Rachel C Blitzblau, Beverly Moy, Tara Breslin, Stephen B Edge, Michael J Hassett, Rinaa S Punglia
PURPOSE: To evaluate locoregional recurrence (LRR) after mastectomy and impact of postmastectomy radiation (PMRT) by breast cancer subtype. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 2000 and 2009, 5673 patients with stage I to III breast carcinoma underwent mastectomy and nodal evaluation; 30% received PMRT. Isolated LRR (iLRR) and LRR were compared across groups defined by biological subtype and receipt of trastuzumab: luminal A (estrogen [ER]/progesterone [PR]+, HER2-, low/intermediate grade), luminal B (ER/PR+, HER2-, high grade), HER2 with trastuzumab, HER2 without trastuzumab, and triple negative (TN; ER-, PR-, HER2-)...
November 1, 2015: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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