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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321529/multilayer-networks-reveal-the-spatial-structure-of-seed-dispersal-interactions-across-the-great-rift-landscapes
#1
Sérgio Timóteo, Marta Correia, Susana Rodríguez-Echeverría, Helena Freitas, Ruben Heleno
Species interaction networks are traditionally explored as discrete entities with well-defined spatial borders, an oversimplification likely impairing their applicability. Using a multilayer network approach, explicitly accounting for inter-habitat connectivity, we investigate the spatial structure of seed-dispersal networks across the Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. We show that the overall seed-dispersal network is composed by spatially explicit communities of dispersers spanning across habitats, functionally linking the landscape mosaic...
January 10, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320552/first-report-of-occult-hepatitis-b-infection-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-seropositive-individuals-in-maputo-mozambique
#2
Awa Abdul Carimo, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Cremildo Maueia, Nédio Mabunda, Lúcia Chambal, Adolfo Vubil, Ana Flora, Francisco Antunes, Nilesh Bhatt
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Mozambique is one of the highest in the world, though in spite of this the prevalence of occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the prevalence of OBI and frequency of isolated hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc alone) among antiretroviral (ART) naïve HIV-positive patients in Mozambique...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316983/urogenital-schistosomiasis-in-cabo-delgado-northern-mozambique-baseline-findings-from-the-score-study
#3
Anna E Phillips, Pedro H Gazzinelli-Guimarães, Herminio O Aurelio, Neerav Dhanani, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Arminder Deol, Alan Fenwick
BACKGROUND: The results presented here are part of a five-year cluster-randomised intervention trial that was implemented to understand how best to gain and sustain control of schistosomiasis through different preventive chemotherapy strategies. This paper presents baseline data that were collected in ten districts of Cabo Delgado province, northern Mozambique, before treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 19,039 individuals was sampled from 144 villages from May to September 2011...
January 10, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312815/satellite-tagging-highlights-the-importance-of-productive-mozambican-coastal-waters-to-the-ecology-and-conservation-of-whale-sharks
#4
Christoph A Rohner, Anthony J Richardson, Fabrice R A Jaine, Michael B Bennett, Scarla J Weeks, Geremy Cliff, David P Robinson, Katie E Reeve-Arnold, Simon J Pierce
The whale shark Rhincodon typus is an endangered, highly migratory species with a wide, albeit patchy, distribution through tropical oceans. Ten aerial survey flights along the southern Mozambican coast, conducted between 2004-2008, documented a relatively high density of whale sharks along a 200 km stretch of the Inhambane Province, with a pronounced hotspot adjacent to Praia do Tofo. To examine the residency and movement of whale sharks in coastal areas around Praia do Tofo, where they may be more susceptible to gill net entanglement, we tagged 15 juveniles with SPOT5 satellite tags and tracked them for 2-88 days (mean = 27 days) as they dispersed from this area...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305993/dietary-supplementation-of-probiotic-bacillus-licheniformis-dahb1-improves-growth-performance-mucus-and-serum-immune-parameters-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-as-well-as-resistance-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-tilapia-oreochromis-mossambicus
#5
Narayanan Gobi, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Jiann-Chu Chen, Ravichandran Rekha, Sekar Vijayakumar, Mahalingam Anjugam, Arokiadhas Iswarya
The present study evaluated the dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 on the growth performance, immune parameters and antioxidant enzyme activities in serum and mucus as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish (24 ± 2.5 g) were fed separately with three diets, 1) commercial diet (control), 2) diet containing probiotic at 105 cfu g-1 (D1), and 3) diet containing probiotic at 107 cfu g-1 (D2) for 4 weeks. Growth performance in term of final weight (FW), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), immune parameters of total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), lysozyme (LYZ), reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and antioxidant parameters of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in serum and mucus were evaluated after 2nd and 4th weeks...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304812/the-cradle-vital-signs-alert-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-novel-device-designed-for-use-in-pregnancy-by-healthcare-workers-in-low-resource-settings
#6
Hannah L Nathan, Helena Boene, Khatia Munguambe, Esperança Sevene, David Akeju, Olalekan O Adetoro, Umesh Charanthimath, Mrutyunjaya B Bellad, Annemarie de Greeff, John Anthony, David R Hall, Wilhelm Steyn, Marianne Vidler, Peter von Dadelszen, Lucy C Chappell, Jane Sandall, Andrew H Shennan
BACKGROUND: Vital signs measurement can identify pregnant and postpartum women who require urgent treatment or referral. In low-resource settings, healthcare workers have limited access to accurate vital signs measuring devices suitable for their environment and training. The CRADLE Vital Signs Alert (VSA) is a novel device measuring blood pressure and pulse that is accurate in pregnancy and designed for low-resource settings. Its traffic light early warning system alerts healthcare workers to the need for escalation of care for women with hypertension, haemorrhage or sepsis...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304066/burden-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-among-children-in-rural-mozambique-2001-2012
#7
Betuel Sigaúque, Jennifer R Verani, Sérgio Massora, Delfino Vubil, Llorenç Quintó, Sozinho Acácio, Inácio Mandomando, Quique Bassat, Tacilta Nhampossa, Fabiana Pimenta, Charfudin Sacoor, Maria da Gloria Carvalho, Eusebio Macete, Pedro L Alonso
BACKGROUND: Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is a major cause of illness and death among children worldwide. 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced as part of the Mozambican routine immunization program in April 2013. We characterized the IPD burden in a rural area of Mozambique before PCV introduction and estimated the potential impact of this intervention. METHODS: We conducted population-based surveillance for IPD, defined as S. pneumoniae isolated from blood or cerebrospinal fluid, among children <5 years old admitted to Manhiça District Hospital, a referral hospital in a rural area with high prevalence of human immunodiciency virus infection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302317/causes-of-death-among-women-aged-17-49-years-between-2007-and-2010-in-maputo-mozambique
#8
Saara Parkkali, Bright I Nwaru, Orvalho Augusto, Fatima Abacassamo, Julie Cliff, Elina Hemminki
Objectives: To describe causes of death among young women and estimate the role of HIV/AIDS as a cause in Maputo City, based on the civil death register. Methods: Death data of 17-49 year-old women were abstracted from January 2007-March 2010 from the civil death register in Maputo City, registering overall about 15 000 deaths per-year. Causes of death in the register were either based on physicians' diagnoses on death certificates or determined by asking questions to deceased relatives...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#9
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297401/improving-data-quality-across-3-sub-saharan-african-countries-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-cfir-results-from-the-african-health-initiative
#10
Sarah Gimbel, Moses Mwanza, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Cathy Michel, Lisa Hirschhorn
BACKGROUND: High-quality data are critical to inform, monitor and manage health programs. Over the seven-year African Health Initiative of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, three of the five Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia introduced strategies to improve the quality and evaluation of routinely-collected data at the primary health care level, and stimulate its use in evidence-based decision-making. Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) as a guide, this paper: 1) describes and categorizes data quality assessment and improvement activities of the projects, and 2) identifies core intervention components and implementation strategy adaptations introduced to improve data quality in each setting...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297352/tackling-the-hard-problems-implementation-experience-and-lessons-learned-in-newborn-health-from-the-african-health-initiative
#11
Hema Magge, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth F Jackson, Bradley H Wagenaar, Almamy Malick Kante
BACKGROUND: The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative supported the implementation of Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) Partnership health system strengthening interventions in designated areas of five countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia. All PHIT programs included health system strengthening interventions with child health outcomes from the outset, but all increasingly recognized the need to increase focus to improve health and outcomes in the first month of life...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297341/measuring-health-systems-strength-and-its-impact-experiences-from-the-african-health-initiative
#12
Kenneth Sherr, Quinhas Fernandes, Almamy M Kanté, Ayaga Bawah, Jeanine Condo, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Health systems are essential platforms for accessible, quality health services, and population health improvements. Global health initiatives have dramatically increased health resources; however, funding to strengthen health systems has not increased commensurately, partially due to concerns about health system complexity and evidence gaps demonstrating health outcome improvements. In 2009, the African Health Initiative of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation began supporting Population Health Implementation and Training Partnership projects in five sub-Saharan African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia) to catalyze significant advances in strengthening health systems...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297333/health-system-strengthening-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-implementation-experience-and-lessons-learned-across-five-african-countries
#13
Felix Cyamatare Rwabukwisi, Ayaga A Bawah, Sarah Gimbel, James F Phillips, Wilbroad Mutale, Peter Drobac
BACKGROUND: Achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in sub-Saharan Africa will require substantial improvements in the coverage and performance of primary health care delivery systems. Projects supported by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's (DDCF) African Health Initiative (AHI) created public-private-academic and community partnerships in five African countries to implement and evaluate district-level health system strengthening interventions. In this study, we captured common implementation experiences and lessons learned to understand core elements of successful health systems interventions...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297323/mentorship-and-coaching-to-support-strengthening-healthcare-systems-lessons-learned-across-the-five-population-health-implementation-and-training-partnership-projects-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
Anatole Manzi, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Kenneth Sherr, Cindy Chirwa, Colin Baynes, John Koku Awoonor-Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite global efforts to increase health workforce capacity through training and guidelines, challenges remain in bridging the gap between knowledge and quality clinical practice and addressing health system deficiencies preventing health workers from providing high quality care. In many developing countries, supervision activities focus on data collection, auditing and report completion rather than catalyzing learning and supporting system quality improvement. To address this gap, mentorship and coaching interventions were implemented in projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia) as components of health systems strengthening (HSS) strategies funded through the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297319/data-driven-quality-improvement-in-low-and-middle-income-country-health-systems-lessons-from-seven-years-of-implementation-experience-across-mozambique-rwanda-and-zambia
#15
Bradley H Wagenaar, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Catherine Henley, Artur Gremu, Ntazana Sindano, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: Well-functioning health systems need to utilize data at all levels, from the provider, to local and national-level decision makers, in order to make evidence-based and needed adjustments to improve the quality of care provided. Over the last 7 years, the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative funded health systems strengthening projects at the facility, district, and/or provincial level to improve population health. Increasing data-driven decision making was a common strategy in Mozambique, Rwanda and Zambia...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294729/area-level-normative-social-context-and-intimate-partner-physical-violence-in-mozambique
#16
Boaventura M Cau
Violence against women is considered a serious public health problem. It is estimated that about 30% of women who have been in a relationship in the world have experienced some form of physical or sexual violence from their intimate partners. In sub-Saharan Africa, one of the regions in the world with the highest prevalence of intimate partner violence, there have been studies of factors associated with intimate partner violence. However, few studies have explicitly examined the influence of the normative social context on women's accepting attitudes toward spousal abuse and their risk of experiencing intimate partner violence in the region...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276618/the-long-road-to-elimination-malaria-mortality-in-a-south-african-population-cohort-over-21-years
#17
P Byass, M A Collinson, C Kabudula, F X Gómez-Olivé, R G Wagner, S Ngobeni, B Silaule, P Mee, M Coetzee, W Twine, S M Tollman, K Kahn
Background: Malaria elimination is on global agendas following successful transmission reductions. Nevertheless moving from low to zero transmission is challenging. South Africa has an elimination target of 2018, which may or may not be realised in its hypoendemic areas. Methods: The Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System has monitored population health in north-eastern South Africa since 1992. Malaria deaths were analysed against individual factors, socioeconomic status, labour migration and weather over a 21-year period, eliciting trends over time and associations with covariates...
2017: Glob Health Epidemiol Genom
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260689/drug-resistant-polymorphisms-and-copy-numbers-in-plasmodium-falciparum-mozambique-2015
#18
Himanshu Gupta, Eusebio Macete, Helder Bulo, Crizolgo Salvador, Marian Warsame, Eva Carvalho, Didier Ménard, Pascal Ringwald, Quique Bassat, Sonia Enosse, Alfredo Mayor
One of the fundamental steps toward malaria control is the use of antimalarial drugs. The success of antimalarial treatment can be affected by the presence of drug-resistant populations of Plasmodium falciparum. To assess resistance, we used molecular methods to examine 351 P. falciparum isolates collected from 4 sentinel sites in Mozambique for K13, pfmdr1, pfcrt, and pfdhps polymorphisms and for plasmepsin2 (pfpm2) and pfmdr1 copy numbers. We found multiple copies of pfpm2 in 1.1% of isolates. All isolates carried K13 wild-type alleles (3D7-like), except 4 novel polymorphisms (Leu619Leu, Phe656Ile, Val666Val, Gly690Gly)...
January 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245453/astonishing-diversity-revealed-an-annotated-and-illustrated-inventory-of-nudipleura-gastropoda-heterobranchia-from-mozambique
#19
Yara Tibiriçá, Marta Pola, Juan Lucas Cervera
This paper provides the first comprehensive annotated and illustrated inventory of Nudipleura from Mozambique. A total of 267 species are recorded, including 61 putative new species, documented over a period of seven years from several localities along the coast. At least 20 species need further investigation through molecular and taxomic analysis. Of the 186 confirmed described species, 118 are new records for the Mozambican fauna. Sampling was carried in tidal reefs and depths up to 60m on the subtropical and tropical coast of Mozambique...
December 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242486/-i-entyposis-i-i-cordipenis-i-new-species-from-ethiopia-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-melolonthinae-schizonychini
#20
Richard Sehnal
Entyposis Kolbe, 1895 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Schizonychini) was established for Schizonycha cavicollis Fairmaire, 1887 and newly described Entyposis impressa Kolbe, 1895. Lacroix & Montreuil (2012) revised the genus, designated S. cavicollis Fairmaire, 1887 as the type species and described six new species: Entyposis bidentata, E. martinezi, E. rasplusi, and E. madogolelei from Mozambique; E. excavata from Tanzania; and E. squamulata from Kenya and Tanzania. They also synonymized E. nyukana (Kolbe, 1910) and E...
October 3, 2017: Zootaxa
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