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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155976/description-of-a-mass-poisoning-in-a-rural-district-in-mozambique-the-first-documented-bongkrekic-acid-poisoning-in-africa
#1
Eduardo Samo Gudo, Kyla Cook, Amelia M Kasper, Alfredo Vergara, Cristolde Salomão, Fernanda Oliveira, Hamida Ismael, Cristovão Saeze, Carla Mosse, Quinhas Fernandes, Sofia Omar Viegas, Cynthia S Baltazar, Timothy J Doyle, Ellen Yard, Alaina Steck, Mayda Serret, Travis M Falconer, Sara E Kern, Jennifer L Brzezinski, James A Turner, Brian L Boyd, Ilesh V Jani
Background: On January 9, 2015, in a rural town in Mozambique, over 230 people became sick and 75 died from an illness linked to drinking pombe, a traditional alcoholic beverage. Methods: An investigation was conducted to identify cases and determine the cause of the outbreak. A case was defined as any resident of Chitima who developed any new or unexplained neurologic, gastrointestinal, or cardiovascular symptom from January 9 at 6:00 a.m. through January 12. We conducted medical record reviews; healthcare worker and community surveys; anthropological and toxicological investigations of local medicinal plants and commercial pesticides; and laboratory testing of the suspect and control pombe...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155288/investigation-of-the-practices-legislation-supply-chain-and-regulation-of-opioids-for-clinical-pain-management-in-southern-africa-a-multi-sectoral-cross-national-mixed-methods-study
#2
Eve Namisango, Matthew J Allsop, Richard A Powell, Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, Emmanuel Bk Luyirika, Fatia Kiyange, Edward Mukooza, Chris Ntege, Eunice Garanganga, Mavis Ntombifuthi Ginindza-Mdluli, Faith Mwangi-Powell, Lidia Justino Mondlane, Richard Harding
CONTEXT: Sub-Saharan Africa faces an increasing incidence and prevalence of life-limiting and life-threatening conditions. These conditions are associated with a significant burden of pain linked to high morbidity and disability that is poorly assessed and undertreated. Barriers to effective pain management partly relate to lack of access to opioid analgesia and challenges in their administration. OBJECTIVES: To identify country-specific and broader regional barriers to access, as well as the administration of opioids, and generate recommendations for advancing pain management in Southern Africa...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143571/enabling-positive-change-progress-and-setbacks-in-hiv-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights
#3
Purnima Mane, Peter Aggleton
At a point in history when the future of sexual and reproductive health including HIV looks particularly uncertain, it is helpful to recognise that many of the challenges currently faced are neither new nor insurmountable. Reflecting on past achievements and lessons learned helps us to have confidence that positive change is feasible. This paper reflects on some of the changes observed in countries like India and Mozambique and identifies a range of factors which need to coalesce to enable these developments, along with specific contextual factors...
November 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139069/piloting-the-effectiveness-of-pig-health-education-in-combination-with-oxfendazole-treatment-on-prevention-and-or-control-of-porcine-cysticercosis-gastrointestinal-parasites-african-swine-fever-and-ectoparasites-in-ang%C3%A3-nia-district-mozambique
#4
A G Chilundo, M V Johansen, A Pondja, R Miambo, S Afonso, S Mukaratirwa
A community-based intervention combining health education (HE) and treatment of pigs for control of porcine cysticercosis (PC), gastrointestinal (GI) helminths, African swine fever (ASF) and external parasites was tested involving six villages of resource-poor smallholder pig farmers. Farmers and pigs of six rural villages were randomly allocated into group 1 (HE), which served as controls, and group 2 (HE + OFZ) pigs received a single oral dose of 30 mg/kg OFZ. Farmers were trained in pig health, housing and feeding...
November 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137629/correction-to-molecular-surveillance-of-pfhrp2-and-pfhrp3-deletions-in-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates-from-mozambique
#5
Himanshu Gupta, Gloria Matambisso, Beatriz Galatas, Pau Cisteró, Lidia Nhamussua, Wilson Simone, Jane Cunningham, N Regina Rabinovich, Pedro Alonso, Francisco Saute, Pedro Aide, Alfredo Mayor
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that two of the authors have had their names spelt incorrectly in the original publication. The eighth author should be "N. Regina Rabinovich" but was previously spelt as "N. Regina Rabinovitch". The tenth author should be "Francisco Saute" but was previously spelt as "Franciso Saute". The original version of this article has now been revised to include these corrections.
November 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136001/a-combination-intervention-strategy-to-improve-linkage-to-and-retention-in-hiv-care-following-diagnosis-in-mozambique-a-cluster-randomized-study
#6
Batya Elul, Matthew R Lamb, Maria Lahuerta, Fatima Abacassamo, Laurence Ahoua, Stephanie A Kujawski, Maria Tomo, Ilesh Jani
BACKGROUND: Concerning gaps in the HIV care continuum compromise individual and population health. We evaluated a combination intervention strategy (CIS) targeting prevalent barriers to timely linkage and sustained retention in HIV care in Mozambique. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this cluster-randomized trial, 10 primary health facilities in the city of Maputo and Inhambane Province were randomly assigned to provide the CIS or the standard of care (SOC). The CIS included point-of-care CD4 testing at the time of diagnosis, accelerated ART initiation, and short message service (SMS) health messages and appointment reminders...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128381/early-impact-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-children-less-than-five-years-of-age-in-mozambique
#7
Nilsa de Deus, Jorfélia José Chilaúle, Marta Cassocera, Miguel Bambo, Jerónimo Sozinho Langa, Ezequias Sitoe, Assucênio Chissaque, Elda Anapakala, Júlia Sambo, Esperança Lourenço Guimarães, Diocreciano Matias Bero, Eva Dora João, Idalécia Cossa-Moiane, Jason M Mwenda, Goitom G Weldegebriel, Umesh D Parashar, Jacqueline E Tate
BACKGROUND: Mozambique introduced rotavirus vaccine (Rotarix, GSK Biologicals) in the National Immunization Program in September 2015 with the objective of reducing the burden of total diarrheal disease and specifically severe rotavirus disease. This study aimed to evaluate the early impact of rotavirus vaccine in reducing all-cause diarrhea and rotavirus-specific hospitalizations. METHODS: We analysed stool specimens collected from children under five years old, between January 2014 and June 2017 within the National Surveillance for Acute Diarrhea...
November 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126412/obstetric-fistulae-in-southern-mozambique-incidence-obstetric-characteristics-and-treatment
#8
Sibone Mocumbi, Claudia Hanson, Ulf Högberg, Helena Boene, Peter von Dadelszen, Anna Bergström, Khátia Munguambe, Esperança Sevene
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is one of the most devastating consequences of unmet needs in obstetric services. Systematic reviews suggest that the pooled incidence of fistulae in community-based studies is 0.09 per 1000 recently pregnant women; however, as facility delivery is increasing, for the most part, in Africa, incidence of fistula should decrease. Few population-based studies on fistulae have been undertaken in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Mozambique. This study aimed to estimate the incidence of obstetric fistulae in recently delivered mothers, and to describe the clinical characteristics and care, as well as the outcome, after surgical repair...
November 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118634/the-collection-of-birds-from-mozambique-at-the-instituto-de-investiga%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-cient%C3%A3-fica-tropical-of-the-university-of-lisbon-portugal
#9
Miguel Monteiro, Rui Figueira, Martim Melo, Michael Stuart Lyne Mills, Pedro Beja, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Manuela Ramos, Diana Rodrigues, Isabel Queirós Neves, Susana Consciência, Luís Reino
The Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical of the University of Lisbon, which resulted from the recent merger (in 2015) of the former state laboratory Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical in the University of Lisbon, holds an important collection of bird skins from the Portuguese-speaking African Countries (Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde), gathered as a result of several scientific expeditions made during the colonial period. In this paper, the subset from Mozambique is described, which was taxonomically revised and georeferenced...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118591/description-of-a-new-species-of-lamellothyrea-krikken-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-cetoniinae-from-the-isimangaliso-wetland-park-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Renzo Perissinotto
Recent data and material obtained from northern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Maputo Bay (Mozambique) have provided support for the description of a new species of the genus Lamellothyrea Krikken, 1980. The genus previously included only one species, L. descarpentriesi, with uncertain and poorly defined type locality, i.e. "Transvaal". It is now evident that two different species are actually involved, L. descarpentriesi with currently known distribution limited to the coastal area north of Maputo, and L...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117196/validity-of-a-minimally-invasive-autopsy-for-cause-of-death-determination-in-maternal-deaths-in-mozambique-an-observational-study
#11
Paola Castillo, Juan Carlos Hurtado, Miguel J Martínez, Dercio Jordao, Lucilia Lovane, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Fabiola Fernandes, Sibone Mocumbi, Zara Onila Jaze, Flora Mabota, Anelsio Cossa, Inacio Mandomando, Pau Cisteró, Alfredo Mayor, Mireia Navarro, Isaac Casas, Jordi Vila, Maria Maixenchs, Khátia Munguambe, Ariadna Sanz, Llorenç Quintó, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Quique Bassat, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: Despite global health efforts to reduce maternal mortality, rates continue to be unacceptably high in large parts of the world. Feasible, acceptable, and accurate postmortem sampling methods could provide the necessary evidence to improve the understanding of the real causes of maternal mortality, guiding the design of interventions to reduce this burden. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The validity of a minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) method in determining the cause of death was assessed in an observational study in 57 maternal deaths by comparing the results of the MIA with those of the gold standard (complete diagnostic autopsy [CDA], which includes any available clinical information)...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115966/malaria-surveys-using-rapid-diagnostic-tests-and-validation-of-results-using-post-hoc-quantification-of-plasmodium-falciparum-histidine-rich-protein-2
#12
Mateusz Plucinski, Rafael Dimbu, Baltazar Candrinho, James Colborn, Aida Badiane, Daouda Ndiaye, Kimberly Mace, Michelle Chang, Jean F Lemoine, Eric S Halsey, John W Barnwell, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar, Michael Aidoo, Eric Rogier
BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) positivity is supplanting microscopy as the standard measure of malaria burden at the population level. However, there is currently no standard for externally validating RDT results from field surveys. METHODS: Individuals' blood concentration of the Plasmodium falciparum histidine rich protein 2 (HRP2) protein were compared to results of HRP2-detecting RDTs in participants from field surveys in Angola, Mozambique, Haiti, and Senegal...
November 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101189/distribution-and-phylogeny-of-microsymbionts-associated-with-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-nodulation-in-three-agro-ecological-regions-of-mozambique
#13
Ifeoma N Chidebe, Sanjay K Jaiswal, Felix D Dakora
Cowpea derives most of its N nutrition from biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) via symbiotic bacteroids in root nodules. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the diversity and biogeo-graphic distribution of bacterial microsymbionts nodulating cowpea and other indigenous legumes are not well understood, though needed for increased legume production. The aim of this study was to describe rhizobial distribution and their phylogenies at different agro-ecological regions of Mozambique using BOX-PCR, ITS-RFLP and sequence analysis of housekeeping genes...
November 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081357/genetic-diversity-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-from-par%C3%A3-brazil-reveals-a-higher-frequency-of-ancestral-strains-than-previously-reported-in-south-america
#14
Emilyn Costa Conceição, Nalin Rastogi, David Couvin, Maria Luíza Lopes, Ismari Perini Furlaneto, Harrison Magdinier Gomes, Sidra Ezídio Gonçalves Vasconcellos, Philip Noel Suffys, Maria Paula Cruz Schneider, Maísa Silva de Sousa, Christophe Sola, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E Guimarães, Rafael Silva Duarte, Karla Valéria Batista Lima
There is only scarce information available on genotypic diversity of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) clinical isolates circulating in the Northern part of Brazil, a relatively neglected region regarding research on tuberculosis. We therefore characterized 980 MTBC clinical isolates from the state of Pará, by spoligotyping and data was compared with patterns from around the world, besides analyzing drug susceptibility, and collecting sociodemographic data. We also performed 24 loci MIRU-VNTR typing to evaluate phylogenetic inferences among the East-African-India (EAI) lineage strains...
October 30, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075043/temporality-and-positive-living-in-the-age-of-hiv-aids-a-multi-sited-ethnography
#15
Adia Benton, Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Ippolytos Kalofonos
Drawing on comparative ethnographic fieldwork conducted in urban Mozambique, United States, and Sierra Leone, the article is broadly concerned with the globalization of temporal logics and how specific ideologies of time and temporality accompany health interventions like those for HIV/AIDS. More specifically, we explore how HIV-positive individuals have been increasingly encouraged to pursue healthier and more fulfilling lives through a set of moral, physical, and social practices called "positive living" since the advent of antiretroviral therapies...
August 2017: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073202/questionnaire-survey-of-the-pan-african-trade-in-lion-body-parts
#16
Vivienne L Williams, Andrew J Loveridge, David J Newton, David W Macdonald
The African lion is in decline across its range, and consumptive utilisation and trade of their body parts and skins has been postulated as a cause for concern. We undertook a pan-African questionnaire and literature survey to document informed opinion and evidence for the occurrence of domestic and international trade and consumption in African lion body parts across current and former range states. Sixty-five people from 18 countries participated in the online questionnaire survey (run from July 2014 to May 2015), with information provided for 28 countries (including 20 out of 24 countries believed to have extant populations)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070079/implementation-strategies-to-increase-access-and-demand-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-a-before-and-after-study-and-scale-up-process-in-mozambique
#17
Jorge A H Arroz, Chandana Mendis, Liliana Pinto, Baltazar Candrinho, João Pinto, Maria do Rosário O Martins
BACKGROUND: The universal coverage bed nets campaign is a proven health intervention promoting increased access, ownership, and use of bed nets to reduce malaria burden. This article describes the intervention and implementation strategies that Mozambique carried out recently in order to improve access and increase demand for long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs). METHODS: A before-and-after study with a control group was used during Stage I of the implementation process...
October 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069378/the-effect-of-a-performance-based-financing-program-on-hiv-and-maternal-child-health-services-in-mozambique-an-impact-evaluation
#18
Yogesh Rajkotia, Omer Zang, Pierre Nguimkeu, Jessica Gergen, Iva Djurovic, Paula Vaz, Franscisco Mbofana, Kebba Jobarteh
Performance-based financing (PBF) is a mechanism by which health providers are paid on the basis of outputs or results delivered. A PBF program was implemented on the provision of HIV, prevention of mother-to child HIV transmission (PMTCT), and maternal/child health (MCH) services in two provinces of Mozambique. A retrospective case-control study design was used in which PBF provinces were matched with control provinces to evaluate the impact of PBF on 18 indicators. Due to regional heterogeneity, we evaluated the intervention sites (North and South) separately...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068089/application-of-hydrolysis-probe-analysis-to-identify-clade-types-of-the-malaria-vector-mosquito-anopheles-funestus-sensu-stricto-from-muheza-northeastern-tanzania
#19
E J Kweka, E A Mausa, N Venter, Y A Derua, E E Kimaro, M Coetzee
A hydrolysis probe analysis (TaqMan assay) was used to study clade types in Anopheles funestus sensu stricto Giles, a major malaria vector in sub-Saharan Africa, with specimens collected from Muheza in Tanga, northeastern Tanzania. A total of 186 An. funestus specimens were analysed, revealing that 176 (94.6%) were of clade I and 10 (5.4%) of clade II. These findings extend the distribution of clade type II from southern Mozambique and northern Zambia to northeastern Tanzania. The technique used can also be of great value in assessing the role and contribution of these clade types in malaria transmission and insecticide resistance frequencies for An...
October 25, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065166/genetic-diversity-and-connectivity-in-the-east-african-giant-mud-crab-scylla-serrata-implications-for-fisheries-management
#20
Cyrus Rumisha, Filip Huyghe, Diary Rapanoel, Nemo Mascaux, Marc Kochzius
The giant mud crab Scylla serrata provides an important source of income and food to coastal communities in East Africa. However, increasing demand and exploitation due to the growing coastal population, export trade, and tourism industry are threatening the sustainability of the wild stock of this species. Because effective management requires a clear understanding of the connectivity among populations, this study was conducted to assess the genetic diversity and connectivity in the East African mangrove crab S...
2017: PloS One
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