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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921895/genetic-characterization-of-african-swine-fever-virus-isolates-from-soft-ticks-at-the-wildlife-domestic-interface-in-mozambique-and-identification-of-a-novel-genotype
#1
C J Quembo, F Jori, W Vosloo, L Heath
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is one of the most threatening infectious diseases of pigs. There are not sufficient data to indicate the importance of the sylvatic cycle in the spread and maintenance of the disease locally and potentially, globally. To assess the capacity to maintain ASF in the environment, we investigated the presence of soft tickreservoirs of ASFV in Gorongosa National Park (GNP) and its surrounding villages. A total of 1,658 soft ticks were recovered from warthog burrows and pig pens at the wildlife/livestock interface of the GNP and viral DNA was confirmed by nested PCR in 19% of Ornithodoros porcinus porcinus and 15% of O...
September 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911350/applying-the-care-group-model-to-tuberculosis-control-findings-from-a-community-based-project-in-mozambique
#2
A Brown, P Ernst, A Cambule, M Morrow, D Dortzbach, J E Golub, H B Perry
BACKGROUND: We describe the effectiveness of an innovative community-based social mobilization approach called Care Groups to improve the effectiveness of the national tuberculosis (TB) program by increasing TB testing and improving treatment outcomes in six districts of rural Mozambique. METHODS: The Care Group approach, which was implemented in a population of 218 191, enabled a facilitator to meet every 6 months with 10-12 community health volunteers (forming a Care Group) to share key TB messages and then for them to convey these messages over the subsequent 6 months to 10-12 households...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910562/the-epidemiology-of-trachoma-in-mozambique-results-of-96-population-based-prevalence-surveys
#3
Mariamo Abdala, Carlos C Singano, Rebecca Willis, Colin K Macleod, Sharone Backers, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Anselmo Vilanculos, Dantew Terefe, Moises Houane, Fitsum Bikele, Amir Bedri Kello, Philip Downs, Zulquifla Bay, Laura Senyonjo, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: Surveys are needed to guide trachoma control efforts in Mozambique, with WHO guidelines for intervention based on the prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) in children aged 1-9 years and the prevalence of trichiasis in adults aged 15 years and above. We conducted surveys to complete the map of trachoma prevalence in Mozambique. METHODS: Between July 2012 and May 2015, we carried out cross-sectional surveys in 96 evaluation units (EUs) covering 137 districts...
September 14, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910402/nasopharyngeal-bacterial-load-as-a-marker-for-rapid-and-easy-diagnosis-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-children-from-mozambique
#4
Pedro Brotons, Quique Bassat, Miguel Lanaspa, Desiree Henares, Amaresh Perez-Arguello, Lola Madrid, Reyes Balcells, Sozinho Acacio, Maria Andres-Franch, Maria Angeles Marcos, Ana Valero-Rello, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro
BACKGROUND: Current diagnostic methods for detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae in children with suspected invasive pneumococcal disease have limitations of accuracy, timeliness, and patient convenience. This study aimed to determine the performance of pneumococcal load quantified with a real-time polymerase-chain reaction in nasopharyngeal samples to diagnose invasive pneumococcal disease in children. METHODS: Matched case-control study of patients <5 years of age with invasive pneumococcal disease admitted to the Manhiça District Hospital (Mozambique) and asymptomatic controls recruited in different periods between 2006 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910284/caretakers-perspectives-of-paediatric-tb-and-implications-for-care-seeking-behaviours-in-southern-mozambique
#5
Carolina Mindu, Elisa López-Varela, Yara Alonso-Menendez, Yolanda Mausse, Orvalho Joaquim Augusto, Kizito Gondo, Jose Múñoz, Jahit Sacarlal, Alberto L García-Basteiro, Pedro L Alonso, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important public health concern, especially in poorly resourced settings. TB diagnosis is challenging, particularly for children, who are the most vulnerable to its' impacts. Lack of knowledge and awareness of the disease compromises prompt diagnosis and treatment compliance. OBJECTIVE: To gain insights regarding caretakers' knowledge of the aetiology and prevention of paediatric TB in southern Mozambique, to describe their care-seeking behaviours and to assess the acceptability of diagnostic procedures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906279/the-value-of-point-of-care-cd4-and-laboratory-viral-load-in-tailoring-antiretroviral-therapy-monitoring-strategies-to-resource-limitations
#6
Emily P Hyle, Ilesh V Jani, Katherine L Rosettie, Robin Wood, Benjamin Osher, Stephen Resch, Pamela P Pei, Paolo Maggiore, Kenneth A Freedberg, Trevor Peter, Robert A Parker, Rochelle P Walensky
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical and economic value of point-of-care CD4 (POC-CD4) or viral load monitoring compared with current practices in Mozambique, a country representative of the diverse resource limitations encountered by HIV treatment programs in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN/METHODS: We use the Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing AIDS Complications-International model to examine the clinical impact, cost (2014 US$), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio [$/year of life saved (YLS)] of ART monitoring strategies in Mozambique...
September 24, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905386/squalus-bassi-sp-nov-a-new-long-snouted-spurdog-chondrichthyes-squaliformes-squalidae-from-the-agulhas-bank
#7
S T de F L Viana, M R de Carvalho, D A Ebert
The long-snouted African spurdog Squalus bassi sp. nov. is described based on material collected from the outer shelf and upper continental slope off South Africa and Mozambique. Squalus bassi shares with S. mitsukurii, S. montalbani, S. chloroculus, S. grahami, S. griffini, S. edmundsi, S. quasimodo and S. lobularis a large snout with prenarial length greater than distance between nostrils and upper labial furrows, dermal denticles tricuspidate and rhomboid and elevated number of vertebrae. Squalus bassi can be distinguished from all its congeners by a combination of body and fin colouration, external morphometrics, vertebral counts and shape of dermal denticles...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893674/seroepidemiology-of-leptospirosis-among-febrile-patients-in-a-rapidly-growing-suburban-slum-and-a-flood-vulnerable-rural-district-in-mozambique-2012-2014-implication-for-the-management-of-fever
#8
Policarpo Ribeiro, Nilesh Bhatt, Sádia Ali, Vanessa Monteiro, Edmilson da Silva, Ilana Teruszkin Balassiano, Carolina Aquino, Nilsa de de Deus, Onelia Guiliche, Argentina Felisbela Muianga, Pascoal Jorge Alho, Virginia Lara Evaristo, Ivan Manhiça, Marco Medeiros, Eduardo Samo Gudo
OBJECTIVE: Leptospirosis, is one of most widespread zoonosis in the world and is caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. In Mozambique, the disease is heavily ignored and its epidemiology is unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate occurrence of leptospirosis in febrile patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among febrile patients between June 2012 and September 2015. A total of 373 paired samples were drawn from febrile patients, of whom 208 were from Caia District Hospital (rural setting) in Sofala province and 165 were from Polana Caniço General Hospital (suburban setting) in Maputo city...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886710/travel-patterns-and-demographic-characteristics-of-malaria-cases-in-swaziland-2010-2014
#9
Natalia Tejedor-Garavito, Nomcebo Dlamini, Deepa Pindolia, Adam Soble, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Victor Alegana, Arnaud Le Menach, Nyasatu Ntshalintshali, Bongani Dlamini, David L Smith, Andrew J Tatem, Simon Kunene
BACKGROUND: As Swaziland progresses towards national malaria elimination, the importation of parasites into receptive areas becomes increasingly important. Imported infections have the potential to instigate local transmission and sustain local parasite reservoirs. METHODS: Travel histories from Swaziland's routine surveillance data from January 2010 to June 2014 were extracted and analysed. The travel patterns and demographics of rapid diagnostic test (RDT)-confirmed positive cases identified through passive and reactive case detection (RACD) were analysed and compared to those found to be negative through RACD...
September 8, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884701/palliative-care-in-africa-a-scoping-review-from-2005-16
#10
REVIEW
John Y Rhee, Eduardo Garralda, Carlos Torrado, Santiago Blanco, Ibone Ayala, Eve Namisango, Emmanuel Luyirika, Liliana de Lima, Richard A Powell, Carlos Centeno
Since the last comprehensive review on the development of national palliative care in Africa was undertaken 12 years ago, in 2005, we did a scoping review of peer-reviewed, published articles on palliative care development between 2005-16 for each African country. The scoping review was conducted by assessing the medical literature and including local expert recommendations of suggested articles. We did a basic quality assessment of the articles using the journals' impact factor, journal quartile, and the number of citations as suitable metrics for quality consideration...
September 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882517/diagnosis-and-genetic-analysis-of-the-worldwide-distributed-rattus-borne-trypanosoma-herpetosoma-lewisi-and-its-allied-species-in-blood-and-fleas-of-rodents
#11
Paola A Ortiz, Herakles A Garcia, Luciana Lima, Flávia Maia da Silva, Marta Campaner, Carlos L Pereira, Sathaporn Jittapalapong, Luis Neves, Marc Desquesnes, Erney P Camargo, Marta M G Teixeira
Trypanosoma (Herpetosoma) lewisi is a cosmopolitan parasite of rodents strongly linked to the human dispersal of Rattus spp. from Asia to the rest of the world. This species is highly phylogenetically related to trypanosomes from other rodents (T. lewisi-like), and sporadically infects other mammals. T. lewisi may opportunistically infect humans, and has been considered an emergent rat-borne zoonosis associated to poverty. We developed the THeCATL-PCR based on Cathepsin L (CATL) sequences to specifically detect T...
September 4, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879162/mozambique-s-journey-toward-accreditation-of-the-national-tuberculosis-reference-laboratory
#12
Sofia O Viegas, Khalide Azam, Carla Madeira, Carmen Aguiar, Carolina Dolores, Ana P Mandlaze, Patrina Chongo, Jessina Masamha, Daniela M Cirillo, Ilesh V Jani, Eduardo S Gudo
BACKGROUND: Internationally-accredited laboratories are recognised for their superior test reliability, operational performance, quality management and competence. In a bid to meet international quality standards, the Mozambique National Institute of Health enrolled the National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory (NTRL) in a continuous quality improvement process towards ISO 15189 accreditation. Here, we describe the road map taken by the NTRL to achieve international accreditation. METHODS: The NTRL adopted the Strengthening Laboratory Management Toward Accreditation (SLMTA) programme as a strategy to implement a quality management system...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870148/accumulation-of-hiv-1-drug-resistance-in-patients-on-a-standard-thymidine-analogue-based-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-after-virological-failure-implications-for-the-activity-of-next-line-regimens-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-mozambique
#13
Andrea De Luca, Zita Jorge Sidumo, Giacomo Zanelli, Noorjehan Abdul Magid, Richard Luhanga, Davide Brambilla, Giuseppe Liotta, Sandro Mancinelli, Maria Cristina Marazzi, Leonardo Palombi, Susanna Ceffa
BACKGROUND: We describe the accumulation of HIV-1 drug resistance and its effect on the activity of next-line components in patients with virological failure (HIV-1 RNA >1000 copies/mL) after 1 year (t1) of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) not switching to second-line drugs for one additional year (t2) in low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected 48 patients from the DREAM cohort (Maputo, Mozambique); their median pre-ART CD4+ cell count was 165 cells/μl...
September 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865466/the-impact-of-a-supportive-supervision-intervention-on-health-workers-in-niassa-mozambique-a-cluster-controlled-trial
#14
Tavares Madede, Mohsin Sidat, Eilish McAuliffe, Sergio Rogues Patricio, Ogenna Uduma, Marie Galligan, Susan Bradley, Isabel Cambe
BACKGROUND: Regular supportive supervision is critical to retaining and motivating staff in resource-constrained settings. Previous studies have shown the particular contribution that supportive supervision can make to improving job satisfaction amongst over-stretched health workers in such settings. METHODS: The Support, Train and Empower Managers (STEM) study designed and implemented a supportive supervision intervention and measured its' impact on health workers using a controlled trial design with a three-arm pre- and post-study in Niassa Province in Mozambique...
September 2, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856544/molecular-detection-of-pathogens-in-ticks-infesting-cattle-in-nampula-province-mozambique
#15
Ana Marcília Matsimbe, Vlademiro Magaia, Gustavo Seron Sanches, Luís Neves, Emília Noormahomed, Sandra Antunes, Ana Domingos
Ticks are ectoparasites that can act as vectors of a large number of pathogens in wild and domestic animals, pets, and occasionally humans. The global threat of emerging or re-emerging tick-borne diseases supports the need for research focused in the zoonotic transmission, especially in countries like Mozambique where rural populations are in close contact with domestic animals. The present study aims to: (1) identify tick species infesting cattle from Monapo and Nacala Porto, districts of Nampula province, Mozambique; and (2) investigate the presence of pathogens in the collected ticks...
August 30, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845271/a3%C3%A2-genetic-analysis-and-natural-polymorphisms-in-hiv-1-gp41-isolates-from-maputo-mozambique
#16
Nália Ismael, Dulce Bila, Diana Mariani, Adolfo Vubil, Nedio Mabunda, Celina Abreu, Ilesh Jani, Amilcar Tanuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Virus Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834700/the-systematics-and-biogeography-of-african-tailorbirds-cisticolidae-artisornis-with-comment-on-the-choice-of-bayesian-branch-length-prior-when-analyzing-heterogeneous-data
#17
Rauri C K Bowie, Eric Pasquet, Jay P McEntee, Fadhili Njilima, Jon Fjeldså
The Long-billed Tailorbird (Artisornis moreaui), one of Africa's rarest birds, has a strikingly disjunct distribution, the origin of which has long puzzled biogeographers. One small population (subspecies moreaui) occurs in montane forest in the East Usambara Mountains, a montane sky island near the coast of northern Tanzania, and another (subspecies sousae) on Serra Jeci in northwestern Mozambique, 950 km away. At both sites, the Long-billed Tailorbird co-occurs with its putative sister-species the African Tailorbird (Artisornis metopias)...
August 20, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832541/aflatoxin-b1-contamination-in-chicken-livers-and-gizzards-from-industrial-and-small-abattoirs-measured-by-elisa-technique-in-maputo-mozambique
#18
Alberto Romão Sineque, Custódia Lina Macuamule, Filomena Rosa Dos Anjos
Aflatoxins are the most toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus species. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contamination in industrial and local chicken livers and gizzards in Maputo was investigated. One hundred boiler livers and 80 boiler gizzards were collected from industrial and local cutting poultry production sectors. The samples were analyzed by the ELISA method (MaxSignal(®), Bioo Scientific Corporation). AFB1 was found in 39% of liver samples and 13.8% of gizzards, with mean levels of 1.73 µg/kg and 1...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831688/socio-demographic-marital-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-condom-use-negotiation-self-efficacy-among-mozambican-women-at-risk-for-hiv-infection
#19
Ana Luísa Patrão, Teresa M McIntyre
PURPOSE: In Mozambique, women are the most affected by HIV/AIDS. Self-efficacy is one of the main predictors of effective use of a condom. Therefore, it is essential to identify the factors that influence condom-use negotiation self-efficacy in vulnerable women. The aim of this paper is to identify socio-demographic, marital, and psychosocial factors associated with condom-use negotiation self-efficacy among Mozambican women at risk for HIV infection. METHODS: Participants were women (173) who were patients at the Gynecology Department of the Central Hospital of Beira, Mozambique, and at risk for HIV infection...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831171/mapping-the-spatial-variability-of-hiv-infection-in-sub-saharan-africa-effective-information-for-localized-hiv-prevention-and-control
#20
Diego F Cuadros, Jingjing Li, Adam J Branscum, Adam Akullian, Peng Jia, Elizabeth N Mziray, Frank Tanser
Under the premise that in a resource-constrained environment such as Sub-Saharan Africa it is not possible to do everything, to everyone, everywhere, detailed geographical knowledge about the HIV epidemic becomes essential to tailor programmatic responses to specific local needs. However, the design and evaluation of national HIV programs often rely on aggregated national level data. Against this background, here we proposed a model to produce high-resolution maps of intranational estimates of HIV prevalence in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania based on spatial variables...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
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