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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921861/understanding-intra-vaginal-and-labia-minora-elongation-practices-among-women-heads-of-households-in-zamb%C3%A3-zia-province-mozambique
#1
Carolyn M Audet, Meridith Blevins, Charlotte Buehler Cherry, Lazaro González-Calvo, Ann F Green, Troy D Moon
Intra-vaginal drying and tightening and labia minora elongation are commonly practised in some parts of southern Africa. We sought to capture data on these practices among women living in Zambézia province, Mozambique. Information was gathered from 3543 female heads of household on > 500 variables, including vaginal practices, in 2014. Women who planned to use intra-vaginal tightening substances had 1.84 times higher odds of ever receiving an HIV test (p < 0.001) and 1.40 times higher odds of at least one antenatal care visit attended during last pregnancy (p = 0...
December 6, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920395/tetanus-immunity-gaps-in-children-5-14-years-and-men-%C3%A2-15-years-of-age-revealed-by-integrated-disease-serosurveillance-in-kenya-tanzania-and-mozambique
#2
Heather M Scobie, Minal Patel, Diana Martin, Harran Mkocha, Sammy M Njenga, Maurice R Odiere, Sonia Pelletreau, Jeffrey W Priest, Ricardo Thompson, Kimberly Y Won, Patrick J Lammie
Recent tetanus cases associated with male circumcision in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) prompted an examination of tetanus immunity by age and sex using multiplex serologic data from community surveys in three ESA countries during 2012-2013. Tetanus seroprotection was lower among children 5-14 years versus 1-4 years of age in Kenya (66% versus 90%) and Tanzania (66% versus 89%), but not in Mozambique (91% versus 88%), where children receive two booster doses in school. Among males ≥ 15 years of age, tetanus seroprotection was lower than females in Kenya (45% versus 96%), Tanzania (28% versus 94%), and Mozambique (64% versus 90%)...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919390/scaling-up-health-information-systems-to-improve-hiv-treatment-an-assessment-of-initial-patient-monitoring-systems-in-mozambique
#3
Mindy Hochgesang, Sophia Zamudio-Haas, Lissa Moran, Leopoldo Nhampossa, Laura Packel, Hannah Leslie, Janise Richards, Starley B Shade
INTRODUCTION: The rapid scale-up of HIV care and treatment in resource-limited countries requires concurrent, rapid development of health information systems to support quality service delivery. Mozambique, a country with an 11.5% prevalence of HIV, has developed nation-wide patient monitoring systems (PMS) with standardized reporting tools, utilized by all HIV treatment providers in paper or electronic form. Evaluation of the initial implementation of PMS can inform and strengthen future development as the country moves towards a harmonized, sustainable health information system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916459/molecular-characterization-of-sdf1-and-cxcr4-in-the-mozambique-tilapia-oreochromis-mossambicus
#4
Jorge Amat-Fernandez, Michael J Hammond, Di Liang, Tianfang Wang, Tomer Ventura, Abigail Elizur, Scott F Cummins
Animal sexual reproduction relies on primordial germ cells (PGCs), the predecessors of the germ cell lineage, giving rise to either spermatogonia or oogonia after the completion of gonadal differentiation. There is limited information on the mechanism of PGC migration leading to the formation of the primordial gonad in Perciform fish. Oreochromis mossambicus, a tilapiine species, was investigated that is a commercially important aquaculture species in many parts of the world while in other areas it has become an invasive pest...
November 21, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915286/presence-of-diverse-rhizobial-communities-responsible-for-nodulation-of-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-in-south-african-and-mozambican-soils
#5
Mwazuma K Zinga, Sanjay K Jaiswal, Felix D Dakora
The diversity and phylogeny of root-nodule bacteria isolated from common bean grown in Mozambique and different provinces of South Africa was studied by restriction fragment length polymorphism and phylogenetic analysis. The combined restriction banding pattern of 16S rRNA and nifH profile-generated dendrogram grouped all test isolates into four major clusters with XXI restriction group and three clusters with the VIII restriction groups. Location-based clustering was observed with the 16S-RFLP analysis. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA, glnII, gyrB and gltA sequences showed that common bean was nodulated specifically by Rhizobium etli in Mozambican soils, and by diverse of group of Rhizobium species in South African soils (e...
December 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914508/determinants-of-plasma-phospholipid-arachidonic-and-docosahexaenoic-acids-among-adolescent-girls-in-central-mozambique-possible-roles-of-iron-and-zinc
#6
Marja Mutanen, Riitta Freese, Bengt Vessby, Liisa Korkalo, Kerry Selvester, Sangita Kulathinal
We explored if linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) will be efficiently converted to arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the adolescent girls (aged 15-18 years, n=145) in Mozambique consuming habitually low fat diet and if low iron and/or zinc status predicts the conversion. Total fat, LA and ALA intakes were 15-19%, 1.2-3.5% and 0.2-0.3% of energy, respectively in three areas. Iron and zinc intake varied between 9.6-12.3mg/day and 3.6-5.0mg/day. Significant negative association of plasma AA was found with plasma LA and ALA and significant positive association with serum ferritin...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909211/application-of-material-flow-analysis-to-municipal-solid-waste-in-maputo-city-mozambique
#7
Leticia Sarmento Dos Muchangos, Akihiro Tokai, Atsuko Hanashima
Understanding waste flows within an urban area is important for identifying the main problems and improvement opportunities for efficient waste management. Assessment tools such as material flow analysis (MFA), an extensively applied method in waste management studies, provide a structured and objective evaluating process to characterize the waste management system best, to identify its shortcomings and to propose suitable strategies. This paper presents the application of MFA to municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in Maputo City, the capital of Mozambique...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907084/community-art-support-groups-in-mozambique-the-potential-of-patients-as-partners-in-care
#8
Kebba Jobarteh, Ray W Shiraishi, Inacio Malimane, Paula Samo Gudo, Tom Decroo, Andrew F Auld, Vania Macome, Aleny Couto
BACKGROUND: High rates of attrition are stymying Mozambique's national HIV Program's efforts to achieve 80% treatment coverage. In response, Mozambique implemented a national pilot of Community Adherence and Support Groups (CASG). CASG is a model in which antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients form groups of up to six patients. On a rotating basis one CASG group member collects ART medications at the health facility for all group members, and distributes those medications to the other members in the community...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893598/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-assisted-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-mozambique-results-from-a-pilot-program-in-a-public-urban-clinic
#9
R Serene Myers, Caryl Feldacker, Freide Cesár, Zulmira Paredes, Gerito Augusto, Chadreque Muluana, Sinesia Citao, Catarina Mboa-Ferrao, Esmeralda Karajeanes, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Assisted partner services (APS) involves offering persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) assistance notifying and testing their sex partners. Assisted partner services is rarely available in sub-Saharan Africa. We instituted a pilot APS program in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: Between June and September 2014, community health workers (CHWs) offered APS to persons with newly diagnosed HIV (index patients [IPs]). Community health workers interviewed IPs at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890775/expanding-the-neutralization-scope-of-the-echitab-plus-icp-antivenom-to-include-venoms-of-elapids-from-southern-africa
#10
Andrés Sánchez, Álvaro Segura, Mariángela Vargas, María Herrera, Mauren Villalta, Ricardo Estrada, Francisco Wu, Thea Litschka-Koen, Michael Alfred Perry, Alberto Alape-Girón, Guillermo León
EchiTAb-plus-ICP is an antivenom prepared from plasma of horses hyperimmunized with the venoms of the carpet viper (Echis ocellatus), the puff adder (Bitis arietans) and the black-necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis). Therefore, the use of this antivenom has been limited to Western Africa. In order to expand the neutralization scope of EchiTAb-plus-ICP, we supplemented the immunogenic mixture with the venoms of B. arietans, the black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis), the Mozambique spitting cobra (Naja mossambica), the snouted cobra (N...
November 24, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888321/genetic-characterization-of-canine-parvovirus-type-2-subtypes-in-maputo-mozambique
#11
J Figueiredo, C Miranda, R Souto, E Silva, J Fafetine, G Thompson
Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) comprises three antigenic subtypes (2a, 2b and 2c) that have been reported in many countries. These subtypes cause serious disease in dogs with characteristic gastroenteritis signs. Little information has been documented in Africa about the genetic characterization of CPV-2. The aim of this study was to detect and to characterize the CPV-2 subtypes circulating in dogs admitted to Veterinary Clinics from two cities of Mozambique, Maputo and Matola, in 2010. A total of 40 field fecal samples were collected and tested for CPV-2 by polymerase chain reaction assay...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886262/coastal-leatherback-turtles-reveal-conservation-hotspot
#12
Nathan J Robinson, Stephen J Morreale, Ronel Nel, Frank V Paladino
Previous studies have shown that the world's largest reptile - the leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea - conducts flexible foraging migrations that can cover thousands of kilometres between nesting sites and distant foraging areas. The vast distances that may be travelled by migrating leatherback turtles have greatly complicated conservation efforts for this species worldwide. However, we demonstrate, using a combination of satellite telemetry and stable isotope analysis, that approximately half of the nesting leatherbacks from an important rookery in South Africa do not migrate to distant foraging areas, but rather, forage in the coastal waters of the nearby Mozambique Channel...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876013/reduced-neonatal-mortality-in-a-regional-hospital-in-mozambique-linked-to-a-quality-improvement-intervention
#13
Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Paolo Lanzoni, Mazungo Olivier Wingi, Damiano Pizzol, Marco Daverio, Liviana Da Dalt, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality remains a serious health issue especially in low resource countries, where 99% of neonatal deaths occur. Doctors with Africa CUAMM is an Italian non-governmental organization in the field of healthcare that has been working in Africa since 1955. In Mozambique, at the Central Beira Hospital (CBH), it has a project with the aim of supporting the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and the Obstetrical Department of the CBH through a multi-level intervention...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875532/willingness-to-know-the-cause-of-death-and-hypothetical-acceptability-of-the-minimally-invasive-autopsy-in-six-diverse-african-and-asian-settings-a-mixed-methods-socio-behavioural-study
#14
Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Emily Zielinski-Gutiérrez, Frank O Odhiambo, Clarah Akello, Maureen Ondire, S Shujaat H Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kounandji Diarra, Mahamane Djitèye, Roukiatou Dembélé, Samba Sow, Pamela Cathérine Angoissa Minsoko, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Bertrand Lell, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez, Quique Bassat, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) is being investigated as an alternative to complete diagnostic autopsies for cause of death (CoD) investigation. Before potential implementation of the MIA in settings where post-mortem procedures are unusual, a thorough assessment of its feasibility and acceptability is essential. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a socio-behavioural study at the community level to understand local attitudes and perceptions related to death and the hypothetical feasibility and acceptability of conducting MIAs in six distinct settings in Gabon, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, and Pakistan...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875530/validity-of-a-minimally-invasive-autopsy-for-cause-of-death-determination-in-adults-in-mozambique-an-observational-study
#15
Paola Castillo, Miguel J Martínez, Esperança Ussene, Dercio Jordao, Lucilia Lovane, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Fabiola Fernandes, Rosa Bene, Antonio Palhares, Luiz Ferreira, Marcus Lacerda, Inacio Mandomando, Jordi Vila, Juan Carlos Hurtado, Khátia Munguambe, Maria Maixenchs, Ariadna Sanz, Llorenç Quintó, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Quique Bassat, Clara Menéndez, Jaume Ordi
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to identify tools able to provide reliable information on the cause of death in low-income regions, since current methods (verbal autopsy, clinical records, and complete autopsies) are either inaccurate, not feasible, or poorly accepted. We aimed to compare the performance of a standardized minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) approach with that of the gold standard, the complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA), in a series of adults who died at Maputo Central Hospital in Mozambique...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869589/rift-valley-fever-outbreak-in-livestock-mozambique-2014
#16
José M Fafetine, Peter Coetzee, Benjamin Mubemba, Ofélia Nhambirre, Luis Neves, J A W Coetzer, Estelle H Venter
In early 2014, abortions and death of ruminants were reported on farms in Maputo and Gaza Provinces, Mozambique. Serologic analysis and quantitative and conventional reverse transcription PCR confirmed the presence of Rift Valley fever virus. The viruses belonged to lineage C, which is prevalent among Rift Valley fever viruses in southern Africa.
December 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862301/participants-opinions-of-the-limited-impact-of-an-adapted-neonatal-resuscitation-course-in-a-low-resource-setting
#17
Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Marco Daverio, Paolo Lanzoni, Giulia Segafredo, Damiano Pizzol, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto
In Mozambique, midwives provide neonatal resuscitation at birth. On January 2014, we held an adapted one-day neonatal resuscitation programme (NRP) course, based on lectures, skill stations and practical scenarios, for the 16 midwives at the Central Hospital of Beira (1), the country's second largest hospital, with about 4,500 deliveries per year. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855168/chikungunya-in-mozambique-a-forgotten-history
#18
Eduardo S Gudo, James F P Black, Julie L Cliff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849217/leprosy-disease-isolation-and-segregation-in-colonial-mozambique
#19
Valdemir Zamparoni
Drawing on documents produced between the early nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries, mainly medical reports, this paper indicates the prevailing conceptions in the colonial medical community and local populations about leprosy, its manifestations, and how to deal with it. It focuses on the tensions concerning the practice of segregating lepers and its social and sanitation implications. To comprehend the roots of the discourses and strategies in the Portuguese and colonial medical environment, the trajectory of the definitions of isolation, segregation, and leprosy are traced, as are their use in or absence from the writings of missionaries, chroniclers, and doctors in Angola and Mozambique as of the second half of the seventeenth century...
November 16, 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848722/results-from-the-mozambique-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents
#20
António Prista, Timoteo Daca, Francisco Tchonga, Eduardo Machava, Cremildo Macucule, Edmundo Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: This article describes the procedures and development of the 2016 Mozambican Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Adolescents. METHODS: Following the procedures adopted in 2014 for that year's report card, comprehensive searches on new data related to indicators of physical activity (PA) were done. A committee composed of physical activity and sports specialists graded each indicator consistent with the process and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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