keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mozambique

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441458/evidence-that-promotion-of-male-circumcision-did-not-lead-to-sexual-risk-compensation-in-prioritized-sub-saharan-countries
#1
Chyun-Fung Shi, Michael Li, Jonathan Dushoff
BACKGROUND: WHO and UNAIDS prioritized 14 eastern and southern African countries with high HIV and low male circumcision prevalence for a voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) scale-up in 2007. Because circumcision provides only partial protection against HIV infection to men, the issue of possible risk compensation in response to VMMC campaigns is of particular concern. In this study, we looked at population-level survey data from the countries prioritized by WHO for a VMMC scale-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438117/reproducibility-of-african-giant-pouched-rats-detecting-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#2
Haylee Ellis, Christiaan Mulder, Emilio Valverde, Alan Poling, Timothy Edwards
BACKGROUND: African pouched rats sniffing sputum samples provided by local clinics have significantly increased tuberculosis case findings in Tanzania and Mozambique. The objective of this study was to determine the reproducibility of rat results. METHODS: Over an 18-month period 11,869 samples were examined by the rats. Intra-rater reliability was assessed through Yule's Q. Inter-rater reliability was assessed with Krippendorff's alpha. RESULTS: Intra-rater reliability was high, with a mean Yule's Q of 0...
April 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426757/correction-community-art-support-groups-in-mozambique-the-potential-of-patients-as-partners-in-care
#3
Kebba Jobarteh, Ray W Shiraishi, Inacio Malimane, Paula Samo Gudo, Tom Decroo, Andrew F Auld, Vania Macome, Aleny Couto
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166444.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426116/portuguese-expatriates-health-in-angola-and-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-study-increasing-awareness-and-need-for-more-surveillance
#4
Ana Glória Fonseca, Sara S Dias, João Luis Baptista, Jorge Torgal
Background: Increasing numbers of expatriates are working in sub-Saharan Africa. There is little published data on the complex population and this survey aimed at understanding expatriate morbidity by accessing self-reported health problems and malaria preventive practices. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted targeting Portuguese expatriates in Angola and Mozambique. Logistic regression analysis explored factors associated with self-reported health problems and psychological symptoms in the previous 3 months...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421900/the-magnitude-and-factors-related-to-facility-based-maternal-mortality-in-mozambique
#5
Leonardo Chavane, Martinho Dgedge, Olivier Degomme, Osvaldo Loquiha, Marc Aerts, Marleen Temmerman
Facility-based maternal mortality remains an important public health problem in Mozambique. A number of factors associated with health system functioning can be described behind the occurrence of these deaths. This paper aimed to evaluate the magnitude of the health facility-based maternal mortality, its geographical distribution and to assess the health facility factors implicated in the occurrence of these deaths. A secondary analysis was done on data from the survey on maternal health needs performed by the Ministry of Health of Mozambique in 2008...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419352/dermatophytes-and-dermatophytosis-in-the-eastern-and-southern-parts-of-africa
#6
E I Nweze, I E Eke
Dermatophytosis is currently a disease of global importance and a public health burden. It is caused by dermatophytes, which attack and grow on dead animal keratin. Dermatophytes belong to three genera, namely, Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton. The predominant clinical forms and causative agents vary from one region of the world to another. Poor socioeconomic status, high population densities, and poor sanitary conditions are some of the factors responsible for the high prevalence of dermatophytosis in many developing countries, which include countries in southern and eastern Africa, the focus of this review...
April 17, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419149/mobile-health-treatment-support-intervention-for-hiv-and-tuberculosis-in-mozambique-perspectives-of-patients-and-healthcare-workers
#7
José António Nhavoto, Åke Grönlund, Gunnar O Klein
BACKGROUND: Studies have been conducted in developing countries using SMS to communicate with patients to reduce the number of missed appointments and improve retention in treatment, however; very few have been scaled up. One possible reason for this could be that patients or staff are dissatisfied with the method in some way. This paper reports a study of patients' and healthcare workers' (HCW) views on an mHealth intervention aiming to support retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and tuberculosis (TB) treatment in Mozambique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407813/adapting-an-adherence-support-workers-intervention-engaging-traditional-healers-as-adherence-partners-for-persons-enrolled-in-hiv-care-and-treatment-in-rural-mozambique
#8
Carolyn M Audet, José Salato, Sten H Vermund, K Rivet Amico
BACKGROUND: Systematic adaptation of evidence-informed interventions that increase retention in care and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are essential to ending the HIV epidemic in rural sub-Saharan Africa. We selected and adapted an adherence support worker intervention employed in Malawi for use by traditional healers in rural Mozambique. Given the levels of trust and dependence previously expressed by persons living with HIV (PLHIV) for traditional medicine, we adapted the program to engage traditional healers within the allopathic health system...
April 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405293/community-assembly-in-nothobranchius-annual-fishes-nested-patterns-environmental-niche-and-biogeographic-history
#9
Martin Reichard, Michal Janáč, Matej Polačik, Radim Blažek, Milan Vrtílek
The assembly of local communities from regional species pools is shaped by historical aspects of distribution, environmental conditions, and biotic interactions. We studied local community assembly patterns in African annual killifishes of the genus Nothobranchius (Cyprinodontiformes), investigating data from 168 communities across the entire range of regionally co-existing species. Nothobranchius are small fishes associated with annually desiccating pools. We detected a nested pattern of local communities in one region (Southern Mozambique, with Nothobranchius furzeri as the core and dominant species), but no nestedness was found in the second region (Central Mozambique, with Nothobranchius orthonotus being the dominant species)...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405198/mapping-water-stress-incidence-and-intensity-optimal-plant-populations-and-cultivar-duration-for-african-groundnut-productivity-enhancement
#10
Vincent Vadez, Oumarou Halilou, Halime M Hissene, Pierre Sibiry-Traore, Thomas R Sinclair, Afshin Soltani
Groundnut production is limited in Sub-Saharan Africa and water deficit or "drought," is often considered as the main yield-limiting factor. However, no comprehensive study has assessed the extent and intensity of "drought"-related yield decreases, nor has it explored avenues to enhance productivity. Hence, crop simulation modeling with SSM (Simple Simulation Modeling) was used to address these issues. To palliate the lack of reliable weather data as input to the model, the validity of weather data generated by Marksim, a weather generator, was tested...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403367/discourses-of-healthcare-professionals-about-health-surveillance-actions-for-tuberculosis-control
#11
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Luciana de Oliveira Sousa, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Pedro Fredemir Palha
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings produced in the Health Surveillance actions for tuberculosis control, carried out by healthcare professionals in Mozambique. METHOD: Qualitative study using the theoretical and methodological framework of the French Discourse Analysis. RESULTS: A total of 15 healthcare professionals with more than one year of experience in disease control actions participated in the study. Four discursive blocks have emerged from the analysis: tuberculosis diagnosis process; meeting, communication and discussion of treatment; local strategies for tuberculosis control; involvement of family and community leaders in the tuberculosis control...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400951/contribution-of-community-health-workers-to-improving-access-to-timely-and-appropriate-case-management-of-childhood-fever-in-mozambique
#12
Tanya Guenther, Salim Sadruddin, Karen Finnegan, Erica Wetzler, Fatima Ibo, Paulo Rapaz, Jeanne Koepsell, Ibad Ul Haque Khan, Agbessi Amouzou
BACKGROUND: Large scale evaluations in several settings have demonstrated that lay community health workers can be trained to provide quality case management of childhood illnesses. In 2010, Mozambique introduced the integrated community case management (iCCM) strategy to reach children in remote areas with care provided through Agentes Polivalentes Elementares (APEs). We assessed the contribution of the program to improved care-seeking and appropriate treatment of childhood febrile illness in Nampula Province...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397511/enhanced-diagnosis-of-rabies-and-molecular-evidence-for-the-transboundary-spread-of-the-disease-in-mozambique
#13
Andre Coetzer, Iolanda Anahory, Paula T Dias, Claude T Sabeta, Terence P Scott, Wanda Markotter, Louis H Nel
Rabies is a neglected zoonotic disease with veterinary and public health significance, particularly in Africa and Asia. The current knowledge of the epidemiology of rabies in Mozambique is limited because of inadequate sample submission, constrained diagnostic capabilities and a lack of molecular epidemiological research. We wanted to consider the direct, rapid immunohistochemical test (DRIT) as an alternative to the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) for rabies diagnosis at the diagnostic laboratory of the Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL), Directorate of Animal Science, Maputo, Mozambique...
March 24, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389985/a-malaria-transmission-model-with-temperature-dependent-incubation-period
#14
Xiunan Wang, Xiao-Qiang Zhao
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium parasites and is transmitted among humans by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Climate factors have significant impact on both mosquito life cycle and parasite development. To consider the temperature sensitivity of the extrinsic incubation period (EIP) of malaria parasites, we formulate a delay differential equations model with a periodic time delay. We derive the basic reproduction ratio [Formula: see text] and establish a threshold type result on the global dynamics in terms of [Formula: see text], that is, the unique disease-free periodic solution is globally asymptotically stable if [Formula: see text]; and the model system admits a unique positive periodic solution which is globally asymptotically stable if [Formula: see text]...
April 7, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380276/microscopic-observation-drug-susceptibility-assay-vs-xpert-%C3%A2-mtb-rif-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-a-rural-african-setting-a-cost-utility-analysis
#15
Philip Erick Wikman-Jorgensen, Jara Llenas-García, Tomàs María Pérez-Porcuna, Michael Hobbins, Jochen Ehmer, Manuel Aly Mussa, Carlos Ascaso
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-utility of Microscopic Observation Drug-Susceptibility Assay (MODS) and Xpert(®) MTB/RIF implementation for TB diagnosis in rural northern Mozambique. METHODS: Stochastic transmission compartmental TB model from the health care provider perspective with parameter input from direct measurements, systematic literature reviews, and expert opinion. MODS and Xpert(®) MTB/RIF were evaluated as replacement test of smear microscopy (SM) or as an add-on test after a negative SM...
April 5, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373036/efficacy-and-safety-of-artemether-lumefantrine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-falciparum-malaria-at-sentinel-sites-in-mozambique-2015
#16
Crizolgo Salvador, Bernardete Rafael, Francisco Matsinhe, Baltazar Candrinho, Rosália Muthemba, Eva De Carvalho, Eva Naueia, Jahit Sacarlal, Josephine Namboze, Armindo Tiago, Marian Warsame, Sónia Enosse
The resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to anti-malarial drugs continues to challenge malaria control. We assessed the therapeutic efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine (AL), the first-line treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria, in children under five years of age in Mozambique. We conducted a prospective one-arm study to evaluate the clinical and parasitological efficacy of AL over 28days at four sentinel sites, using the WHO protocol for assessing the efficacy of antimalarial treatment...
April 1, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367746/the-multidimensional-nature-of-hiv-stigma-evidence-from-mozambique
#17
Maria A Carrasco, Rosario Arias, Maria E Figueroa
HIV stigma continues to be a major challenge to addressing HIV/AIDS in various countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including Mozambique. This paper explores the multidimensional nature of HIV stigma through the thematic analysis of five qualitative studies conducted in high HIV prevalence provinces in Mozambique between 2009 and 2012. These studies included 23 interviews with people living with HIV (PLHIV) (10 women and 13 men); 6 focus groups with 32 peer educators (24 women and 8 men) working for community-based organisations (CBOs) providing services to PLHIV; 17 focus groups with community members (72 men and 70 women); 6 interviews (4 women and 2 men) with people who had family members living with HIV/AIDS; 24 focus groups (12 with men and 12 with women) and 6 interviews with couples...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367367/some-like-it-hot-a-differential-response-to-changing-temperatures-by-the-malaria-vectors-anopheles-funestus-and-an-gambiae-s-l
#18
Jacques Derek Charlwood
BACKGROUND: With the possible implications of global warming, the effect of temperature on the dynamics of malaria vectors in Africa has become a subject of increasing interest. Information from the field is, however, relatively sparse. We describe the effect of ambient temperature over a five-year period on the dynamics of An. funestus and An. gambiae s.l., collected from a single village in southern Mozambique where temperatures varied from a night-time minimum of 6 °C in the cool season to a daytime maximum of 35 °C in the hot season...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364935/when-are-solar-refrigerators-less-costly-than-on-grid-refrigerators-a-simulation-modeling-study
#19
Leila A Haidari, Shawn T Brown, Patrick Wedlock, Diana L Connor, Marie Spiker, Bruce Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Gavi recommends solar refrigerators for vaccine storage in areas with less than eight hours of electricity per day, and WHO guidelines are more conservative. The question remains: Can solar refrigerators provide value where electrical outages are less frequent? METHODS: Using a HERMES-generated computational model of the Mozambique routine immunization supply chain, we simulated the use of solar versus electric mains-powered refrigerators (hereafter referred to as "electric refrigerators") at different locations in the supply chain under various circumstances...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364931/root-cause-analysis-underscores-the-importance-of-understanding-addressing-and-communicating-cold-chain-equipment-failures-to-improve-equipment-performance
#20
Pat Lennon, Brian Atuhaire, Shahrzad Yavari, Vidya Sampath, Mercy Mvundura, Nithya Ramanathan, Joanie Robertson
Vaccine cold chain equipment (CCE) in developing countries is often exposed to harsh environmental conditions, such as extreme temperatures and humidity, and is subject to many additional challenges, including intermittent power supply, insufficient maintenance capacity, and a scarcity of replacement parts. Together, these challenges lead to high failure rates for refrigerators, potentially damaging vaccines and adversely affecting immunization coverage. Providing a sustainable solution for improving CCE performance requires an understanding of the root causes of failure...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
keyword
keyword
66910
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"