keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urinalysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790006/screening-urinalysis-in-detection-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Aditi Sinha, Arvind Bagga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780945/treatment-challenges-in-an-atypical-presentation-of-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-tinu
#2
Sonny Caplash, Sapna Gangaputra, Shilpa Kodati, Shamir Tuchman, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, H Nida Sen
Purpose: To describe an atypical presentation of Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Uveitis (TINU), with challenges in treatment course. Observations: A 12-year-old Hispanic female presented to the National Eye Institute's Uveitis clinic with bilateral blurred vision, red eyes and photophobia, not responsive to topical steroids. On exam, she had bilateral severe panuveitis with areas of subretinal fluid. During her evaluation, she was noted to have elevated serum creatinine...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777488/no-need-for-a-urine-culture-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-with-a-negative-dipstick-test-result
#3
Zvi Shimoni, Vered Hermush, Joseph Glick, Paul Froom
To determine the clinical utility/disutility of canceling urine cultures in elderly patients with a negative dipstick. The cohort included consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years hospitalized in internal medicine departments with an admission urinalysis and urine culture (January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016). We calculated the sensitivity of the dipstick (either a trace leukocyte esterase or a positive nitrite test result) to detect patients with bacteriuria, and the decrease in urine cultures resulting from cancelation in patients with a negative dipstick...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775561/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-anti-salbutamol-chicken-scfv-for-human-doping-urinalysis
#4
Warren Lee, Syed A Ali, Leow Chiuan Yee, Tan Soo Choon, Leow Chiuan Herng
Anti-salbutamol antibodies remain as important tools for the detection of salbutamol abuse in athletic doping. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficiency of the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) as an immunization host to generate anti-salbutamol scFv antibodies by phage display. A phage display antibody library was constructed from a single chicken immunized against salbutamol-KLH conjugate. After a stringent biopanning strategy, a novel scFv clone which was inhibited by free salbutamol recorded the highest affinity...
May 15, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774760/safety-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-copperhead-snakebite-patients
#5
Hoang X Pham, Michael E Mullins
INTRODUCTION: Current management guidelines for pit viper envenomations recommend against the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain control due to concern for platelet dysfunction and resulting coagulopathy. However, prior research suggests that copperhead snakes generally do not cause coagulopathy and they are responsible for most of the venomous snakebites in the USA. Thus, we compared the occurrences of clinically apparent bleeding and most abnormal laboratory values of coagulation between copperhead envenomation patients who received NSAIDs and those who did not...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#6
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769043/early-renal-damage-among-children-living-in-the-region-of-highest-burden-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-etiology-ckdu-in-sri-lanka
#7
S B Agampodi, G S Amarasinghe, P G C R Naotunna, C S Jayasumana, S H Siribaddana
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) in Sri Lanka is grouped with several other epidemics of similar nature across the world as Chronic Interstitial Nephritis in Agricultural Communities (CINAC). In CKDu endemic countries, the focus has mainly been on adults. We hypothesized that studying distribution and factors associated with elevated urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR), an early marker of kidney injury, among children living in a CKDu endemic area may provide important clues about the onset and progression of the disease...
May 16, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766467/thrombotic-microangiopathy-on-kidney-biopsy-in-a-patient-with-tafro-syndrome
#8
Toshikazu Ozeki, Masashi Tsuji, Junichiro Yamamoto, Chisato Shigematsu, Shoichi Maruyama
TAFRO syndrome represents a characteristic constellation of symptoms comprising Thrombocytopenia, Anasarca, myeloFibrosis, Renal dysfunction, and Organomegaly, and is considered to be a clinicopathologic variant of idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease. A 51-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital complaining of abdominal distension. Findings on physical examination were indicative of anasarca. Computed tomography revealed mild splenomegaly, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, ascites, and paraaortic lymphadenopathy...
May 15, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761139/prophylactic-antibiotics-after-stented-distal-hypospadias-repair-randomized-pilot-study
#9
Stephen Canon, Mary K Marquette, Adam Crane, Ashay Patel, Ismael Zamilpa, Shasha Bai
The usage of prophylactic oral antibiotics following distal hypospadias repair with stenting has been recently challenged. This study evaluated the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) following stented, distal hypospadias repair and the impact of prophylactic antibiotic therapy. Subjects 0 to 5 years of age with distal hypospadias were randomized to either Group 1 (antibiotics) or Group 2 (no prophylactic therapy). Urinalysis/urine culture was obtained intraoperatively with no preoperative antibiotics given...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752823/prenatal-diagnosis-of-megacystis-microcolon-intestinal-hypoperistalsis-syndrome-by-biochemical-analysis-of-fetal-urine
#10
Jonathan Rosenblatt, Sophie Dreux, Emmanuel Spaggiari, Cécile Morin, Bichr Allaf, Anne Sylvie Valat, Danny Halim, Jean-François Oury, Françoise Muller
OBJECTIVES: To determine a model of fetal urine biochemical markers to differentiate megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) from other megacystis. METHOD: Retrospective study of biochemical analysis of fetal urine in patients who presented prenatally with megacystis. We studied β2-microglobulin, sodium, calcium, and phosphorus. Twenty-six patients subsequently diagnosed with MMIHS were compared with two control groups: one of end-stage renal failure (ESRF, 64 fetuses) and the second of "good" postnatal renal function (control group, 64 fetuses)...
May 12, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746006/hypophosphatemia-in-a-malnourished-child-when-renal-fanconi-syndrome-does-not-stand-for-refeeding-syndrome
#11
Joseph Runde, Edgardo Rivera-Rivera, Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe, Christopher Clardy, Timothy Sentongo
Refeeding syndrome is diagnosed based on the onset of multiple laboratory abnormalities (most commonly hypophosphatemia) and clinical signs in the setting of nutrition rehabilitation of malnourished patients. Because definitions are not uniform, a broad differential diagnosis should always include renal tubular dysfunction. Our report details a 3 year-old child with undiagnosed renal tubular dysfunction who presented with the clinical picture of refeeding syndrome with refractory electrolyte abnormalities...
May 10, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738037/clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-young-infants
#12
Denise Swei Lo, Larissa Rodrigues, Vera Hermina Kalika Koch, Alfredo Elias Gilio
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in young infants. Signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical, demographic and laboratory features of UTI in infants ≤ 3 months old. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤ 3 months old with UTI diagnosed in a pediatric emergency department, for the period 2010-2012. UTI was defined as ≥ 50,000 colony-forming units per milliliter of a single uropathogen isolated from bladder catheterization...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737816/oral-health-behavior-as-a-risk-factor-for-high-urinary-sodium-among-korean-women
#13
Kyungdo Han, NamRyang Kim, Youngkyung Ko, Yong-Gyu Park, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between urinary sodium, urinary sodium/creatinine, and urinary sodium/urine specific gravity and oral health behavior using nationally representative data. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used; the sample analyzed in this study consisted a total of 15,013 respondents over 19 years old who had no missing values for the urinalysis or outcome variables...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737253/febrile-neutropenia-in-children-with-cancer-approach-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Rejin Kebudi, Hande Kizilocak
Febrile neutropenia is one of the major acute side effects of intensive treatment in pediatric cancer, necessitating prompt initiation of empirical broad-spectrum antibiotics. Patients may be classified as low or high risk according some risk factors (duration of neutropenia, depth of neutropenia, type of cancer, state of disease, bone marrow involvement, type of treatment, additional health problems). Initial evaluation of the febrile neutropenic child should include the history of the child, a detailed physical examination, blood culture (peripheral and catheter), urinalysis and culture, cultures of lesions...
May 8, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728434/focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-in-a-patient-with-prefibrotic-primary-myelofibrosis
#15
Gopal Krishana Bohra, Durga Shankar Meena, Nitin Bajpai, Abhishek Purohit
We report a case of 56-year-old man presented to us with chief complaints of frothy urine and leg swelling. A urinalysis revealed nephrotic-range proteinuria. Haematological investigations revealed thrombocytosis, leucocytosis and peripheral blood smear showed a leucoerythroblastic picture. JAK 2 mutation was positive. To confirm the diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasm, bone marrow biopsy was done, which was suggestive of primary myelofibrosis. The patient underwent kidney biopsy due to rapidly declining renal function and persistent proteinuria, which was suggestive of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis...
May 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725602/study-on-association-of-pentraxin-3-and-diabetic-nephropathy-in-a-rat-model
#16
Xuehai Chen, Jiao Luo, Minmin Wu, Zhuo Pan, Yue Xie, Hongwei Wang, Bicheng Chen, Hong Zhu
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a serious microvascular complication of diabetes. Compared with other therapies for diabetic patients, islet transplantation can effectively prevent and reverse diabetes-induced microvascular disease, such as diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy. PTX3 is the only long pentraxin that can be detected in renal tissue. In this study, we investigated the expression of PTX3 when early DN was reversed after islet transplantation. Methods . Diabetes was induced in rats by injecting streptozotocin (STZ)...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722491/-routine-preoperative-testing-in-adults-undergoing-elective-non-cardiothoracic-surgery
#17
REVIEW
N Benahmed, G Briat, K Rondia, J Vlayen
INTRODUCTION: The Belgian Health Care Knowledge Center (KCE) developed a guideline about routine preoperative testing in adults undergoing elective non-cardiothoracic surgery. The guideline is intended for all care providers involved in the preoperative and perioperative management (incl. anesthesiologists, surgeons, cardiologists, lung specialists, radiologists, clinical biologists, general practitioners, etc). METHOD: A recent English guideline published by NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) was used as a starting point and adapted to the Belgian context...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720217/chiluria-in-a-lymphatic-filariasis-endemic-area
#18
Paulo Sérgio Ramos de Araújo, Valter Romão de Souza Junior, Anderson de Souza, Luciana de Barros Correia Fontes, Eduardo Brandao, Abraham Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To establish clinical and laboratory data of individuals presenting chyluria in endemic areas. RESULTS: 75 individuals were studied. The majority were females with an average age of 45 years residing in the Metropolitan Region of Recife. The mean time between the beginning of the presentation of chyluria and the first care service in the Serviço de Referencia Nacional em Filarioses was approximately 5 years. The most frequent urinalysis changes were hematuria (27...
May 2, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708967/metabolite-profiling-for-biomarkers-in-schistosoma-haematobium-infection-and-associated-bladder-pathologies
#19
Adewale S Adebayo, Swapnil D Mundhe, Henrietta O Awobode, Olugbenga S Onile, Atinuke M Agunloye, Raphael D Isokpehi, Yogesh S Shouche, Bayatigeri Santhakumari, Chiaka I Anumudu
BACKGROUND: Metabolic fingerprinting analysis can offer insights into underlying reactions in a biological system; hence it is crucial to the understanding of disease pathogenesis and could provide useful tools for discovering biomarkers. We sought to examine the urine and plasma metabolome in individuals affected by urogenital schistosomiasis and its associated-bladder pathologies. METHODOLOGY: Blood and midstream urine were obtained from volunteers who matched our inclusion criteria among residents from Eggua, southwestern Nigeria...
April 30, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703056/methylprednisolone-and-plasmapheresis-are-effective-for-life-threatening-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-and-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Shen Ning, Xinhua Zhang, Cheng Xu, Xin Dang, Hao Cheng, Kejian Zhu, Yongmei Han
RATIONALE: The treatment of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) with life-threatening complications, such as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) and gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH), remains challenging. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old female presented with a 6-month history of a productive cough and a 10-day history of arthralgia that progressed to respiratory failure and massive hematochezia. DIAGNOSES: Chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) revealed multiple nodules, masses, and cavities...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
66908
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"