keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urinalysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228837/heroin-induced-exodeviation-masking-a-baseline-decompensated-esophoria
#1
Tina M Hakimi, John J Chen
Heroin and other opiate intake have been shown to have various effects on the brain, including the documentation of a small number of cases of strabismus from intake and withdrawal. Prior reports of heroin have focused on its tendency to cause diplopia, especially esodeviation upon withdrawal. The authors describe a 25-year-old woman who developed double vision from a decompensated esophoria where heroin use induced an exodeviation that transiently improved her diplopia. Measurements after acute heroin use confirmed by urinalysis revealed an improvement in her decompensated esophoria, reducing the previously documented esodeviation by more than half...
February 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228792/malabsorption-syndrome-as-a-rare-cause-of-nephrocalcinosis
#2
Rui Abreu, Cláudia Bento, Luís Oliveira, Teresa Morgado
Nephrocalcinosis is characterized by calcification of kidney parenchyma and can be caused by an increased amount of calcium, phosphate or oxalate in urinary excretion. We report a 35-year-old female with nephrocalcinosis. She had fitful steatorrhea since last year. Physical examination was normal. Analytic exams found normal renal function and ionogram. Primary hyperparathyroidism, renal tubular acidosis and sarcoidosis were excluded. Urinalysis showed mild hematuria, without proteinuria and 24-hour urine collection exhibited hyperoxaluria...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222835/clinical-assessment-of-urinary-tract-damage-during-sustained-release-estrogen-supplementation-in-mice
#3
Dalis E Collins, Kathleen R Mulka, Mark J Hoenerhoff, Russell S Taichman, Jason S Villano
Estrogen supplementation is a key component of numerous mouse research models but can adversely affect the urinary system. The goal of this study was to develop a clinical scoring system and identify biomarkers of occult urinary tract lesions prior to the development of systemic illness in mice. Ovariectomized or sham-surgery SCID mice were implanted subcutaneously with a placebo pellet or one containing sustained-release estradiol (0.18 mg 60-d release 17β-estradiol). Mice were assessed twice weekly for 4 to 6 wk by using a clinical scoring system that included body condition, general activity, posture, hair coat, hydration, abdominal distension, urine staining of coat and skin, and ability to urinate...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212852/prevalence-of-proteinuria-and-other-abnormalities-in-urinalysis-performed-in-the-urology-clinic
#4
Adam Bezinque, Sabrina L Noyes, Samer Kirmiz, Jessica Parker, Sumi Dey, Richard J Kahnoski, Brian R Lane
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of proteinuria in the urology clinic with other outpatient settings. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is classified according to cause, GFR, and proteinuria. Proteinuria may be more prevalent patients with known CKD, renal disorders (benign or malignant), and/or after urologic surgery. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 3 populations undergoing urinalysis (UA) testing: general outpatients (n=20,334), urology outpatients (n=5,023), and kidney cancer patients (n=1,016)...
February 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210931/serotonin-syndrome-from-5-hydroxytryptophan-supplement-ingestion-in-a-9-month-old-labrador-retriever
#5
Hopkins Jennifer, Pardo Mariana, Bischoff Karyn
INTRODUCTION: 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplements are available over the counter and labeled as sleeping aids and anxiolytics for human use. 5-HTP is a serotonin precursor and overdose can lead to serotonin syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 9-month-old female Labrador retriever was evaluated after ingestion of a 5-HTP supplement. Signs of agitation developed within 1 h of ingestion, and emesis was attempted by the owner with  3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) orally. On presentation, the dog was obtunded, bilaterally mydriatic and salivating...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210838/urinary-ngal-deficiency-in-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#6
Catherine S Forster, Kathryn Johnson, Viral Patel, Rebecca Wax, Nancy Rodig, Jonathan Barasch, Richard Bachur, Richard S Lee
INTRODUCTION: Children with recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) often show no identifiable cause of their infections. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is known to be upregulated within the uroepithelium and kidney of patients with UTI and exhibits a localized bacteriostatic effect through iron chelation. We hypothesize that some patients with rUTI without an identifiable cause of their recurrent infections have locally deficient NGAL production. We therefore explored whether a lack of NGAL production may be a factor in the pathogenesis of rUTI...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210641/atypical-plasmacytic-proliferation-in-a-case-of-c3-glomerulopathy-pathophysiology-demystified
#7
Osama Elfituri, Nathan Aardsma, Suman Setty, Frederick Behm, Kimberly Czech
An 11-year-old Hispanic female underwent evaluation of asymptomatic proteinuria and hematuria. The patient denied fever, edema, and gross hematuria. Urinalysis showed mild proteinuria, and a urine microscopic examination revealed red blood cells. Screening tests for glomerulonephritis revealed a low C3 and negative ANA, ASO, DNAse-B, and ANCA. Histological examination of a renal biopsy specimen showed glomeruli with endocapillary proliferation, a predominant C3 deposition in the capillary loops by immunofluorescence, and electron dense deposits in the mesangium, paramesangium, and capillary walls by electron microscopy consistent with a diagnosis of C3 glomerulopathy...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207316/calcium-sulfate-dihydrate-urolithiasis-in-a-pet-rabbit
#8
Jaroslav Kucera, Tamara Koristkova, Barbora Gottwaldova, Vladimir Jekl
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-year-old sexually intact male rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was evaluated because of a 1-day history of signs of anorexia and depression. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical examination revealed signs of depression, hunched posture, low skin elasticity (suggesting dehydration), slightly distended abdomen, and penile and preputial edema. The owner reported that the rabbit had been fed a routine diet, received water via a sipper bottle, and was allowed free movement around the home. It had been observed by the owner to bite and chew gypsum-based plaster from the walls of the home...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195034/treatment-of-spinocerebellar-ataxia-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-a-phase-i-iia-clinical-study
#9
Yun-An Tsai, Ren-Shyan Liu, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Bang-Hung Yang, Chin-Hao Chang, YiChen Wang, Yu-Shan Wu, Jennifer Hui-Chun Ho, Oscar K Lee, Bing-Wen Soong
Ataxia is one of the most devastating symptoms of many neurodegenerative disorders. As of today, there isn’tany effective treatment to retard its progression. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown promise in treating neurodegenerative diseases. We hereby report the results of a phase I/IIa clinical study conducted in Taiwan to primarily evaluate the safety, tolerability and, secondarily, the possible efficacy of intravenous administration of allogeneic adipose tissuederived MSCs from healthy donors...
February 14, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188755/defining-the-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-microscopic-hematuria-among-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse-implications-for-recommending-subsequent-diagnostic-evaluation
#10
Brian J Linder, Stephen A Boorjian, Emanuel C Trabuco, John B Gebhart, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH) in women presenting with POP, as well as the relationship of POP stage with AMH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Charts of women evaluated in a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery clinic between January 2015 and July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence of AMH (≥3 red blood cells per high-powered field on 1 urinalysis) was compared for women with symptomatic POP and those with urinary incontinence (UI) without symptomatic POP...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178975/evaluation-of-dogs-with-genetic-hyperuricosuria-and-urate-urolithiasis-consuming-a-purine-restricted-diet-a-pilot-study
#11
Jodi L Westropp, Jennifer A Larsen, Eric G Johnson, Dannika Bannasch, Andrea J Fascetti, Vincent Biourge, Yann Queau
BACKGROUND: Urate urolithiasis is a common problem in breed homozygous for the mutation that results in hyperuricosuria. Low purine diets have been recommended to reduce purine intake in these dogs. METHODS: A higher protein, purine restricted diet with water added was evaluated in dogs with genetic hyperuricosuria and a history of clinical urate urolithiasis over a one year time period. Dogs were evaluated at baseline and 2, 6, and 12 months after initiating the test diet...
February 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176820/dipstick-proteinuria-level-is-significantly-associated-with-pre-morbid-and-in-hospital-functional-status-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-preliminary-study
#12
Chia-Ter Chao, Hung-Bin Tsai, Chih-Kang Chiang, Jenq-Wen Huang, Kuan-Yu Hung
Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with functional decline, whether proteinuria alone is associated with functional statuses over the course of acute illnesses independent of CKD is unclear. During 2014, we prospectively enrolled non-dialysis patients aged ≥65 years, and all participants underwent spot dipstick urinalysis on admission, divided into 3 groups according to the results (none, trace to 1 + , and 2 + or higher); functional status was evaluated using the pre-morbid and in-hospital Barthel index (BI) scores...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169050/the-importance-of-urine-concentration-on-the-diagnostic-performance-of-the-urinalysis-for-pediatric-urinary-tract-infection
#13
Pradip P Chaudhari, Michael C Monuteaux, Pinkey Shah, Richard G Bachur
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The presence of leukocyte esterase by urine dipstick and microscopic pyuria are both indicators of possible urinary tract infection. The effect of urine concentration on the diagnostic performance of the urinalysis for pediatric urinary tract infection has not been studied. Our objective is to determine whether the urinalysis performance for detecting urinary tract infection varies by urine concentration as measured by specific gravity. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of the urine laboratory results of children younger than 13 years who presented to the emergency department during 68 months and had a paired urinalysis and urine culture obtained...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168226/does-the-use-of-bedside-ultrasonography-reduce-emergency-department-length-of-stay-for-patients-with-renal-colic-a-pilot-study
#14
Yong Hoon Park, Ru Bi Jung, Young Geun Lee, Chong Kun Hong, Jung-Hwan Ahn, Tae Yong Shin, Young Sik Kim, Young Rock Ha
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding bedside ultrasonography to the diagnostic algorithm for nephrolithiasis on emergency department (ED) length of stay. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study was conducted from October 2014 to December 2014 with patients with acute flank pain. In the non-ultrasonography group (NUSG), non-contrast computed tomography was selected based on clinical features and hematuria in the urinalysis...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166521/rationale-and-design-of-a-clinical-trial-investigating-tolvaptan-safety-and-efficacy-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#15
Vicente E Torres, Olivier Devuyst, Arlene B Chapman, Ron T Gansevoort, Ronald D Perrone, John Ouyang, Jaime D Blais, Frank S Czerwiec, Olga Sergeyeva
BACKGROUND: In TEMPO 3:4, the vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist tolvaptan slowed kidney growth and function decline in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients with relatively preserved kidney function. METHODS: Prospective, phase 3b, multi-center, randomized-withdrawal, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of tolvaptan in ADPKD patients with late stage 2 to early stage 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary endpoint was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) change from pre-treatment baseline to post-treatment follow-up...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164659/analysis-of-four-automated-urinalysis-systems-compared-to-reference-methods
#16
Kamila Bartosova, Zdenek Kubicek, Janka Franekova, Gustav Louzensky, Petra Lavrikova, Antonin Jabor
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare four automated urinalysis systems: the Iris iQ200 Sprint (Iris Diagnostics, U.S.A.) combined with the Arkray AUTION MAX AX 4030, Iris + AUTION, Arkray AU 4050 (Arkray Global Business, Inc., Japan), Dirui FUS 2000 (Dirui Industrial Co., P.R.C.), and Menarini sediMAX (Menarini, Italy). METHODS: Urine concentrations of protein and glucose (Iris, Dirui) were compared using reference quantitative analysis on an Abbott Architect c16000...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161122/acute-and-repeated-dose-28-days-toxicity-studies-in-rats-and-dogs-of-recombinant-batroxobin-a-snake-venom-thrombin-like-enzyme-expressed-from-pichia-pastoris
#17
Ok Hwan Kim, Kil-Sang Cho, Young Seomun, Jong-Tak Kim, Kwang-Hoe Chung
Recombinant batroxobin is a thrombin-like enzyme of Bothrops atrox moojeni venom. To evaluate its toxicological effect, it was highly expressed in Pichia pastorisand successfully purified to homogeneity from culture broth supernatant following Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP). The maximum tolerated dose of the recombinant batroxobin was examined in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat and Beagle dogs following Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) regulations. The approximate lethal dose of recombinant batroxobin was 10 National Institute of Health (NIH) u/kg in male and female rats...
February 1, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158981/hypertension-management-in-rural-primary-care-facilities-in-zambia-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Lily D Yan, Cindy Chirwa, Benjamin H Chi, Samuel Bosomprah, Ntazana Sindano, Moses Mwanza, Dennis Musatwe, Mary Mulenga, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: Improved primary health care is needed in developing countries to effectively manage the growing burden of hypertension. Our objective was to evaluate hypertension management in Zambian rural primary care clinics using process and outcome indicators to assess the screening, monitoring, treatment and control of high blood pressure. METHODS: Better Health Outcomes through Mentoring and Assessment (BHOMA) is a 5-year, randomized stepped-wedge trial of improved clinical service delivery underway in 46 rural Zambian clinics...
February 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156165/preclinical-safety-assessment-of-furostanol-glycoside-based-standardized-fenugreek-seed-extract-in-laboratory-rats
#19
Pallavi Deshpande, Vishwaraman Mohan, Dilip Ingavale, Jyoti Mane, Mukul Pore, Prasad Thakurdesai PhD
The present work is aimed at studying acute oral toxicity (AOT), subchronic oral toxicity, mutagenicity, and genotoxicity of furostanol glycosides-based standardized fenugreek seed extract (Fenu-FG) using the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guidelines. The AOT and subchronic (90-day repeated dose) toxicity studies were performed on Wistar rats as per OECD 423 and OECD 408 guidelines, respectively. The mutagenicity (reverse mutation assay, Ames test) and genotoxicity (mammalian chromosome aberration test) were assessed in vitro using OECD 471 and OECD 473 guidelines, respectively...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151999/comparison-of-urine-dipstick-and-albumin-creatinine-ratio-for-chronic-kidney-disease-screening-a-population-based-study
#20
Ji In Park, Hyunjeong Baek, Bo Ra Kim, Hae Hyuk Jung
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is usually diagnosed using the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or kidney damage markers. The urine dipstick test is a widely used screening tool for albuminuria, a CKD marker. Although the urine albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) has advantages over the dipstick test in sensitivity and quantification of levels, the two methods have not been compared in the general population. A total of 20,759 adults with urinalysis data in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 were examined...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
66908
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"