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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904428/collapsing-glomerulopathy-a-troublemaker-for-the-renal-allograft-lessons-learnt
#1
K V Kanodia, A V Vanikar, L K Nigam, R D Patel, K S Suthar, H V Patel, H L Trivedi
Collapsing glomerulopathy (CG) is a well-recognized distinct morphological pattern of proliferative parenchymal injury leading to rapid graft failure. We conducted a single-center retrospective study to evaluate the prevalence, clinicopathological features, and prognosis of CG in renal transplant recepient. We analyzed 2518 renal allograft biopsies performed from 2007 to 2015 and correlated their clinicopathological features. The prevalence of CG was 0.83% (21 out of 2518) of allograft biopsies with a higher prevalence of 1...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901213/hiv-prevalence-and-correlated-factors-of-female-sex-workers-and-male-clients-in-a-border-region-of-yunnan-province-china
#2
Jing Zhu, Rui Yuan, Dan Hu, Zhibin Zhu, Ning Wang, Bei Wang
Female sex workers (FSWs) and their male clients are vulnerable to HIV infection and serve as a bridge in HIV transmission from the high-risk population to the general, low-risk population. To examine the factors of FSWs and male clients that correlate with the prevalence of HIV infection in the Chinese-Vietnamese border region, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 in the Hekou county of the Yunnan province of China. We performed a questionnaire survey to collect data on demographics, sexual behavior, and drug use...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889029/veterinary-antibiotics-in-food-drinking-water-and-the-urine-of-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#3
Na Li, Keith W K Ho, Guang-Guo Ying, Wen-Jing Deng
Due to the harmful effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) residues in food on children's health, urine samples from 31 preschool and primary school children were analyzed for 13 common VAs. Samples of raw and cooked pork, chicken, fish, milk and drinking water from the children's living areas were also analyzed for residual VAs. Urinalysis revealed one to four target antibiotics in 77.4% of the sample group, with concentrations as high as 0.36ng/mL. Norfloxacin and penicillin had the highest detection rates (48...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875876/commercial-herbal-medicines-used-as-african-traditional-medicines-ngoma-herbal-tonic-immune-booster-interferes-with-a-rapid-urine-drug-screening-test
#4
M E Mothibe, E Osuch, C P Kahler-Venter
BACKGROUND: The prevalent use of African traditional medicine by the general public has been reported. With commercialisation and marketing, some of the herbal medicines (HMs) used are readily available over the counter, most of them promoted as immune boosters. These commercial HMs have not been taken through clinical trials and other tests that would validate their composition and safety, and other properties such as their effect on laboratory diagnostic tests. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cross-reactivity of selected HMs with commonly tested drugs of abuse (DoA) using a qualitative rapid urinalysis assay...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870685/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-a-genetically-modified-das-444%C3%A3-6-6-soybean-meal-and-hulls-in-a-90-day-dietary-toxicity-study-in-rats
#5
Sabitha Papineni, Jennifer A Murray, Ekmay Ricardo, Christina M Dunville, Radha Krishna Sura, Johnson Thomas
A 90-day sub chronic toxicity study was conducted in rats to evaluate the safety of genetically modified DAS-444Ø6-6 soybeans expressing herbicide tolerant proteins when compared with its conventional comparators (non-transgenic near isoline control soybean and three commercially available non-transgenic line control soybeans). Rats were given diets formulated with either 10% or 20% w/w of soybean meal and 1% or 2% hulls of DAS-444Ø6-6 soybean with an equivalent amount of hulls from an isoline non-transgenic control soybean for at least 90 days...
September 1, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869004/performance-assessment-of-urine-flow-cytometry-ufc-to-screen-urines-to-reflex-to-culture-in-immunocompetent-and-immunosuppressed-hosts
#6
Aleksandra Stefanovic, Diane Roscoe, Romali Ranasinghe, Titus Wong, Elizabeth Bryce, Charlene Porter, Adelina Lim, Jennifer Grant, Karen Ng, Morris Pudek
PURPOSE: Urine flow cytometry (UFC) is an automated method to quantify bacterial and white blood cell (WBC) counts. We aimed to determine whether a threshold for these parameters can be set to use UFC as a sensitive screen to predict which urine samples will subsequently grow in culture. METHODOLOGY: Urines submitted to our microbiology laboratory at a tertiary care centre from 22 July 2015-17 February 2016 underwent UFC (Sysmex UF-1000i) analysis, regular urinalysis and urine culture...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868933/comparison-of-vacuum-and-non-vacuum-urine-tubes-for-urinary-sediment-analysis
#7
Canan Topcuoglu, Sevilay Sezer, Arzu Kosem, Mujgan Ercan, Turan Turhan
Urine collection systems with aspiration system for vacuum tubes are becoming increasingly common for urinalysis, especially for microscopic examination of the urine. In this study, we aimed to examine whether vacuum aspiration of the urine sample has any adverse effect on sediment analysis by comparing results from vacuum and non-vacuum urine tubes. The study included totally 213 urine samples obtained from inpatients and outpatients in our hospital. Urine samples were collected to containers with aspiration system for vacuum tubes...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866266/subchronic-toxicity-study-of-yttrium-nitrate-by-90-day-repeated-oral-exposure-in-rats
#8
Yi-Mei Wang, Zhou Yu, Zeng-Ming Zhao, Li Jia, Hai-Qin Fang, Ting-Fen Zhang, Xiao-Yan Yuan, Yu-Lei Shu, Jun He, Hui Peng, Li-Zhong Li, Jun Zhao, Xu-Dong Jia, Shuang-Qing Peng
Concerns regarding the adverse effects of long-term exposure to low levels of rare earth elements (REEs) from foods on human health have arisen in recent years. Nevertheless, no official acceptable daily intake (ADI) has yet been proposed for either total REEs or individual REE. In accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) testing guideline, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the subchronic toxicity of yttrium, a representative heavy REE with higher contaminated level in foods in China, to achieve a no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) which is a critical basis for the establishment of an ADI...
September 1, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863205/bruises-on-the-ears-and-body
#9
Diana M Sarmiento, Thomas F Northrup, Yu Wah
Over the course of a month, this 34-year-old woman had sought care at our facility--and another--on 3 separate occasions for painful bruises (visits #1 and #3) and deep vein thrombosis (visit #2). The bruises first appeared acutely on her arms, prompting her first visit to our ED and leading to a hospital stay. Several weeks later, the patient developed new bruise-like lesions on her earlobes, face, trunk, and lower extremities. In between these 2 visits, the patient was seen in another ED (and admitted) for right upper extremity DVT and was started on enoxaparin, followed by warfarin...
September 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861143/artificial-urine-for-teaching-urinalysis-concepts-and-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-medical-microbiology-laboratory
#10
Latifa B Khan, Hannah M Read, Stephen R Ritchie, Thomas Proft
Dipstick urinalysis is an informative, quick, cost-effective and non-invasive diagnostic tool that is useful in clinical practice for the diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney diseases, and diabetes. We used dipstick urinalysis as a hands-on microbiology laboratory exercise to reinforce student learning about UTIs with a particular focus on cystitis, which is a common bacterial infection. To avoid exposure to potentially contaminated human urine samples, we prepared artificial urine using easily acquired and affordable ingredients, which allowed less-experienced students to perform urinalysis without the risk of exposure to pathogenic organisms and ensured reliable availability of the urine samples...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860935/usefulness-of-urinary-collagen-iv-excretion-for-predicting-the-severity-of-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-nephropathy-children
#11
Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Karolina Cichoń-Kawa, Jadwiga Małdyk, Elżbieta Górska, Urszula Demkow, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of urinary collagen IV (Col IV) excretion for predicting the severity of autoimmune renal inflammation in children with HSN (Henoch-Schönlein nephritis). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 26 children, in whom HSN was diagnosed based on kidney biopsy. In all patients, urinalysis was performed and 24-hour urinary protein excretion was measured at the onset of the disease. All kidney biopsies were also scored using the Oxford classification: M - mesangial hypercellularity score (M0 absent, M1 present); E - presence of endocapillary proliferation (E0 absent, E1 present), S - segmental glomerulosclerosis/adhesion (S0 absent, S1 present), T - tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis (T0 ≤ 25%, T1 26-50%, T2 > 50%)...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859750/acquired-idiopathic-true-transverse-leukonychia
#12
Ali Hadi, Dana Stern
A 34-year-old man from Djibouti presented with a 14-year history of relapsing and remitting transverse white bands on the fingernails with sparing of the toenails. Examination revealed several transverse, white bands following the contour of the lunula on seven of his fingernails that did not fade upon compression of the digits (Figure). There was no onycholysis. No other skin lesions were noted. The patient reported having lived for 4 years (2000-2004) in a house that had well water as its primary water supply...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855952/assessment-of-museum-staff-exposure-to-arsenic-while-handling-contaminated-exhibits-by-urinalysis-of-arsenic-species
#13
Amanda Mithander, Thomas Göen, Gitte Felding, Peter Jacobsen
Preservation of museum objects with inorganic arsenic compounds and contamination of the surroundings has previously been documented. The present study addresses the exposure of museum staff by measuring arsenicals in urine. After 1 week without exposure, urinary samples were taken before and after handling of preserved skins and analysed by HPLC-ICP-MS for inorganic arsenic, arsenic metabolites and arsenobetaine. The sum of inorganic arsenic and metabolites was an index of exposure. Information about work and seafood intake was obtained by questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853115/effects-of-mandatory-screening-labs-in-directing-the-disposition-of-the-apparently-healthy-psychiatric-patient-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Karyn E Kagel, Meghan Smith, Ilya V Latyshenko, Christopher Mitchell, Andrew Kagel
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether mandatory psychiatric admission laboratory tests yield results that change the disposition of a patient with primary psychiatric complaint from admission to a psychiatric service to admission to a medical service. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective cohort chart review study approved by the facility Institutional Review Board in which we used a records database maintained by the emergency department's social workers to access the records of every patient that presented to our emergency department with a psychiatric chief complaint between the dates of December 1, 2011, and December 1, 2013...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845945/-laparoscopic-antevasal-uretero-ureteral-anastomosis-for-treating-retrocaval-ureter
#15
B K Komyakov, B G Guliev, Sh N Idrisov, R G Shibliev
The article presents a case of laparoscopic antevasal correction of the retrocaval ureter in a 16 year old patient, who was admitted to the hospital with complaints of aching pain in the right lower back. His history was noteworthy of early age onset of intermittent fever accompanied by abdominal and lumbar pain. Blood count and urinalysis were within normal limits, and he was treated symptomatically. However, no renal ultrasound scan was done. Intravenous urography and MSCT showed a retrocaval ureter. The diagnosis was confirmed by retrograde ureteropyelography...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836972/access-to-medicines-and-diagnostic-tests-integral-in-the-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-uganda-insights-from-the-accodad-study
#16
Davis Kibirige, David Atuhe, Leaticia Kampiire, Daniel Ssekikubo Kiggundu, Pamela Donggo, Juliet Nabbaale, Raymond Mbayo Mwebaze, Robert Kalyesubula, William Lumu
BACKGROUND: Despite the burgeoning burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in low and middle income countries (LMIC), access to affordable essential medicines and diagnostic tests for DM and CVD still remain a challenge in clinical practice. The Access to Cardiovascular diseases, Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease, Diabetes mellitus and Asthma Drugs and diagnostics (ACCODAD) study aimed at providing contemporary information about the availability, cost and affordability of medicines and diagnostic tests integral in the management of DM and CVD in Uganda...
August 24, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833821/investigation-of-subclinical-bacteriuria-in-cats-with-dermatological-disease-receiving-long-term-glucocorticoids-and-or-ciclosporin
#17
Samantha L Lockwood, Anthea E Schick, Thomas P Lewis, Heide Newton
BACKGROUND: Dogs receiving long-term glucocorticoids or ciclosporin have an increased frequency of bacteriuria. No studies have investigated the frequency of bacteriuria in cats receiving long-term glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin. HYPOTHESES/OBJECTIVES: To document whether subclinical bacteriuria occurs in cats receiving long-term glucocorticoid and/or ciclosporin for management of chronic disease. ANIMALS: Thirty two cats treated with parenteral glucocorticoids and/or oral glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin were included...
August 18, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833548/evaluation-of-gastric-ph-and-serum-gastrin-concentrations-in-cats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
M K Tolbert, S Olin, S MacLane, E Gould, J M Steiner, S Vaden, J Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in cats. Advanced CKD is associated with hyporexia and vomiting, which typically are attributed to uremic toxins and gastric hyperacidity. However, gastric pH studies have not been performed in cats with CKD. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine if cats with CKD have decreased gastric pH compared to age-matched, healthy cats. Based on previous work demonstrating an association of hypergastrinemia and CKD, we hypothesized that cats with CKD would have decreased gastric pH compared to healthy, age-matched control cats...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828529/clinical-management-of-nocturnal-enuresis
#19
Eberhard Kuwertz-Bröking, Alexander von Gontard
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common health problem. Approximately 10% of 7-year-old children wet the bed regularly during sleep. Enuresis can be categorized into monosymptomatic (MEN) and nonmonosymptomatic (NMEN) forms. MEN occurs without any other symptoms of bladder dysfunction. NMEN is associated with dysfunction of the lower urinary tract with or without daytime incontinence. The rate of comorbid gastrointestinal, behavioral, and emotional disorders is elevated depending upon the subtype of NE. A careful clinical history is fundamental to the evaluation of enuresis...
August 21, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828169/comparison-of-renal-growth-proteinuria-and-graft-survival-between-recipients-of-pediatric-and-adult-cadaveric-kidney-transplants
#20
A Basiri, S Zare, N Simforoosh, A Tabibi, M H Shakibi
BACKGROUND: The shortage of cadaveric kidney donors has prompted transplant teams to expanding the donor selection criteria. The usage of pediatric cadaveric kidneys is one of those expanded criteria. But the main concern is the probability of hyperfiltration syndrome due to small renal mass of pediatric donors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the graft and patient survivals, post-transplantation complications, rate and severity of proteinuria secondary to hyperfiltration injury and the kidney growth of recipients who underwent transplantation from adult (group 1) and pediatric deceased donors (group 2)...
2017: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
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