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Dong Hyun Kim, Do Hyoung Kim, Sang-Hyun Lee, Kyoung Heon Kim
Background: Laminarin is a potential biomass feedstock for the production of glucose, which is the most preferable fermentable sugar in many microorganisms by which it can be converted to biofuels and bio-based chemicals. Also, laminarin is a good resource as functional materials because it consists of β-1,3-glucosidic linkages in its backbone and β-1,6-glucosidic linkages in its branches so that its oligosaccharides driven from laminarin have a variety of biological activities. It is industrially important to be able to produce laminarioligosaccharides as well as glucose from laminarin by a single enzyme because the enzyme cost accounts for a large part of bio-based products...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Shuai Shao, Mei-Hsuan Tsai, Jiawei Lu, Tao Yu, Jin Jin, Di Xiao, Huanhuan Jiang, Mo Han, Min Wang, Jun Wang
Kadcyla® (T-DM1), an antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) for HER2+ breast cancer treatment, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2013. An ADC of random lysine conjugation, it has difficulties in DAR control and unsatisfactory PK due to uneven DAR distribution. It also gives rise to aggregation during conjugation because of the hydrophobicity nature of the cytotoxin, DM1. The linker-drug in T-DM1, SMCC-DM1 is hydrophobic and requires certain percentage of organic solvent such as DMA in the conjugation solution, limiting the manufacturing process in an organic-solvent-compatible device and adding extra costs...
March 3, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Caroline L Furness, Marcela B Mansur, Victoria J Weston, Luca Ermini, Frederik W van Delft, Sarah Jenkinson, Rosemary Gale, Christine J Harrison, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Marta Sanchez-Martin, Adolfo A Ferrando, Pamela Kearns, Ian Titley, Anthony M Ford, Nicola E Potter, Mel Greaves
Single-cell genetics were used to interrogate clonal complexity and the sequence of mutational events in STIL-TAL1+ T-ALL. Single-cell multicolour FISH was used to demonstrate that the earliest detectable leukaemia subclone contained the STIL-TAL1 fusion and copy number loss of 9p21.3 (CDKN2A/CDKN2B locus), with other copy number alterations including loss of PTEN occurring as secondary subclonal events. In three cases, multiplex qPCR and phylogenetic analysis were used to produce branching evolutionary trees recapitulating the snapshot history of T-ALL evolution in this leukaemia subtype, which confirmed that mutations in key T-ALL drivers, including NOTCH1 and PTEN, were subclonal and reiterative in distinct subclones...
March 20, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Stephen J Holland, Lesley M Berghuis, Justin J King, Lakshminarayan M Iyer, Katarzyna Sikora, Heather Fifield, Sarah Peter, Emma M Quinlan, Fumiaki Sugahara, Prashant Shingate, Inês Trancoso, Norimasa Iwanami, Elena Temereva, Christine Strohmeier, Shigeru Kuratani, Byrappa Venkatesh, Guillaume Evanno, L Aravind, Michael Schorpp, Mani Larijani, Thomas Boehm
Cytidine deaminases of the AID/APOBEC family catalyze C-to-U nucleotide transitions in mRNA or DNA. Members of the APOBEC3 branch are involved in antiviral defense, whereas AID contributes to diversification of antibody repertoires in jawed vertebrates via somatic hypermutation, gene conversion, and class switch recombination. In the extant jawless vertebrate, the lamprey, two members of the AID/APOBEC family are implicated in the generation of somatic diversity of the variable lymphocyte receptors (VLRs). Expression studies linked CDA1 and CDA2 genes to the assembly of VLRA /C genes in T-like cells and the VLRB genes in B-like cells, respectively...
March 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Qiang Guo, Ian T Major, Gregg A Howe
Induced plant resistance depends on the production of specialized metabolites that repel attack by biotic aggressors and is often associated with reduced growth of vegetative tissues. Despite progress in understanding the signal transduction networks that control growth-defense tradeoffs, much remains to be learned about how growth rate is coordinated with changes in metabolism during growth-to-defense transitions. Here, we highlight recent advances in jasmonate research to suggest how a major branch of plant immunity is dynamically regulated to calibrate growth-defense balance with shifts in carbon availability...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Frank Portillo, William R Branch, Werner Conradie, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Johannes Penner, Michael F Barej, Chifundera Kusamba, Wandege M Muninga, Mwenebatu M Aristote, Aaron M Bauer, Jean-François Trape, Zoltán T Nagy, Piero Carlino, Olivier S G Pauwels, Michele Menegon, Marius Burger, Tomáš Mazuch, Kate Jackson, Daniel F Hughes, Mathias Behangana, Eli Greenbaum
Members of the snake subfamily Aparallactinae occur in various habitats throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The monophyly of aparallactine snakes is well established, but relationships within the subfamily are poorly known. We sampled 158 individuals from six of eight aparallactine genera in sub-Saharan Africa. We employed concatenated gene-tree analyses, divergence dating approaches, and ancestral-area reconstructions to infer phylogenies and biogeographic patterns with a multi-locus data set consisting of three mitochondrial (16S, cyt b, and ND4) and two nuclear genes (c-mos and RAG1)...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Huihuang H Ding, Keying Qian, H Douglas Goff, Qi Wang, Steve W Cui
The structure of neutral fraction gum from flaxseed mucilage (FM-NFG) was studied for better understanding of the relationship between primary structure and conformation. Based on methylation/GC-MS, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the structure of FM-NFG was proposed as arabinoxylans. Flaxseed mucilage arabinoxylans contained β-1,4-linked xylose backbones, which were mainly substituted at O-2 and/or O-3 positions by 1-3 sugar residues. The possible branches included → 5)-α-l-Araf-(1 → (17...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Pedro A Vázquez, Alberto T Pérez, Philippe Traoré, Jian Wu
We study the linear stability and nonlinear behavior of the electroconvection between two concentric half-cylinders with no-slip conditions on all boundaries. The no-slip condition makes impossible to apply the standard modal approach. Hence, we apply a finite element technique similar to the one we have used in a previous paper about the electroconvection in a rectangular enclosed domain. When compared to the classical problem of electroconvection between two full concentric cylinders, the linear criterion is higher, due to the viscous shear introduced by the lateral walls...
February 2018: Physical Review. E
T S M Carvalho, L S Sousa, F A Nogueira, D P Vaz, M M Saldanha, M V Triginelli, M F V S Pinto, N C Baião, L J C Lara
This work aimed at evaluating the effects of 4 digestible Met+Cys levels on the diet of commercial layers and their influence on the productive performance, quality, and amino acid profile of eggs and economic viability of the activity. A total of 576 white Lohmann LSL-Lite layers was distributed into 6 replicates of 24 birds for each diet. The experimental design was completely randomized, with 4 treatments defined by levels evaluated in the feed (0.465, 0.540, 0.581, and 0.647%). The productive performance was measured for 30 weeks...
March 13, 2018: Poultry Science
A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, F Ambrogi, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, J Grossmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, N Krammer, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Madlener, I Mikulec, E Pree, N Rad, H Rohringer, J Schieck, R Schöfbeck, M Spanring, D Spitzbart, W Waltenberger, J Wittmann, C-E Wulz, M Zarucki, V Chekhovsky, Y Dydyshka, J Suarez Gonzalez, E A De Wolf, D Di Croce, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, I De Bruyn, J De Clercq, K Deroover, G Flouris, D Lontkovskyi, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, Q Python, K Skovpen, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, D Beghin, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, B Dorney, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, E Starling, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, C Roskas, S Salva, M Tytgat, W Verbeke, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, C Caputo, A Caudron, P David, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, A Saggio, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, J Zobec, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, M Correa Martins Junior, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, E Coelho, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, M Melo De Almeida, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, L J Sanchez Rosas, A Santoro, A Sznajder, M Thiel, E J Tonelli Manganote, F Torres Da Silva De Araujo, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Misheva, M Rodozov, M Shopova, G Sultanov, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, X Gao, L Yuan, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, C H Jiang, D Leggat, H Liao, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, E Yazgan, H Zhang, S Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, B Courbon, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, B Mesic, A Starodumov, T Susa, M W Ather, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, Y Assran, M A Mahmoud, A Mahrous, R K Dewanjee, M Kadastik, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, H Kirschenmann, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, E Tuominen, J Tuominiemi, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, J L Faure, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, C Leloup, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, G Negro, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Ö Sahin, M Titov, A Abdulsalam, C Amendola, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, C Charlot, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, A Lobanov, J Martin Blanco, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, R Salerno, J B Sauvan, Y Sirois, A G Stahl Leiton, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, A Zghiche, J-L Agram, J Andrea, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, M Jansová, A-C Le Bihan, N Tonon, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, R Chierici, D Contardo, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fay, L Finco, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, S Viret, A Khvedelidze, Z Tsamalaidze, C Autermann, L Feld, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, M Preuten, C Schomakers, J Schulz, T Verlage, V Zhukov, A Albert, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, D Teyssier, S Thüer, G Flügge, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A Bermúdez Martínez, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, V Botta, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, A Grohsjean, P Gunnellini, M Guthoff, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, T Lenz, J Leonard, K Lipka, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Savitskyi, P Saxena, R Shevchenko, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, Y Wen, K Wichmann, C Wissing, O Zenaiev, R Aggleton, S Bein, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, A Hinzmann, M Hoffmann, A Karavdina, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, S Kurz, T Lapsien, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, J Sonneveld, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, S Baur, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, D Haitz, M A Harrendorf, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, F Kassel, S Kudella, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, G Karathanasis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, K Kousouris, I Evangelou, C Foudas, P Kokkas, S Mallios, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, J Strologas, F A Triantis, M Csanad, N Filipovic, G Pasztor, O Surányi, G I Veres, G Bencze, C Hajdu, D Horvath, Á Hunyadi, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Choudhury, J R Komaragiri, S Bahinipati, S Bhowmik, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, N Dhingra, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, S Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, Aashaq Shah, A Bhardwaj, S Chauhan, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, A Kumar, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, K Ranjan, R Sharma, R Bhardwaj, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, U Bhawandeep, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhattacharya, S Chatterjee, P Das, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, F Errico, L Fiore, G Iaselli, S Lezki, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, A Sharma, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, L Borgonovi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, K Chatterjee, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, L Russo, G Sguazzoni, D Strom, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, E Robutti, S Tosi, A Benaglia, L Brianza, F Brivio, V Ciriolo, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, K Pauwels, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, N Redaelli, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, S Di Guida, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, W A Khan, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, M Biasotto, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, P Lujan, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, R Rossin, F Simonetto, E Torassa, S Ventura, M Zanetti, P Zotto, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, M Ressegotti, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, M Biasini, G M Bilei, C Cecchi, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, E Manoni, G Mantovani, V Mariani, M Menichelli, A Rossi, A Santocchia, D Spiga, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, T Boccali, L Borrello, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, G Fedi, L Giannini, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, E Manca, G Mandorli, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, N Daci, D Del Re, E Di Marco, M Diemoz, S Gelli, E Longo, F Margaroli, B Marzocchi, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M Monteno, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, J Lee, S Lee, S W Lee, C S Moon, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, H Kim, D H Moon, G Oh, J A Brochero Cifuentes, J Goh, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, J S Kim, H Lee, K Lee, K Nam, S B Oh, B C Radburn-Smith, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, Y Choi, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, R Reyes-Almanza, G Ramirez-Sanchez, M C Duran-Osuna, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, R I Rabadan-Trejo, R Lopez-Fernandez, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, A Saddique, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, A Pyskir, M Walczak, P Bargassa, C Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, A Di Francesco, P Faccioli, B Galinhas, M Gallinaro, J Hollar, N Leonardo, L Lloret Iglesias, M V Nemallapudi, J Seixas, G Strong, O Toldaiev, D Vadruccio, J Varela, S Afanasiev, P Bunin, M Gavrilenko, I Golutvin, I Gorbunov, A Kamenev, V Karjavin, A Lanev, A Malakhov, V Matveev, V Palichik, V Perelygin, S Shmatov, S Shulha, N Skatchkov, V Smirnov, N Voytishin, A Zarubin, Y Ivanov, V Kim, E Kuznetsova, P Levchenko, V Murzin, V Oreshkin, I Smirnov, V Sulimov, L Uvarov, S Vavilov, A Vorobyev, Yu Andreev, A Dermenev, S Gninenko, N Golubev, A Karneyeu, M Kirsanov, N Krasnikov, A Pashenkov, D Tlisov, A Toropin, V Epshteyn, V Gavrilov, N Lychkovskaya, V Popov, I Pozdnyakov, G Safronov, A Spiridonov, A Stepennov, M Toms, E Vlasov, A Zhokin, T Aushev, A Bylinkin, R Chistov, M Danilov, P Parygin, D Philippov, S Polikarpov, E Tarkovskii, V Andreev, M Azarkin, I Dremin, M Kirakosyan, A Terkulov, A Baskakov, A Belyaev, E Boos, M Dubinin, L Dudko, A Ershov, A Gribushin, V Klyukhin, O Kodolova, I Lokhtin, I Miagkov, S Obraztsov, S Petrushanko, V Savrin, A Snigirev, V Blinov, Y Skovpen, D Shtol, I Azhgirey, I Bayshev, S Bitioukov, D Elumakhov, V Kachanov, A Kalinin, D Konstantinov, P Mandrik, V Petrov, R Ryutin, A Sobol, S Troshin, N Tyurin, A Uzunian, A Volkov, P Adzic, P Cirkovic, D Devetak, M Dordevic, J Milosevic, V Rekovic, J Alcaraz Maestre, M Barrio Luna, M Cerrada, N Colino, B De La Cruz, A Delgado Peris, A Escalante Del Valle, C Fernandez Bedoya, J P Fernández Ramos, J Flix, M C Fouz, P Garcia-Abia, O Gonzalez Lopez, S Goy Lopez, J M Hernandez, M I Josa, D Moran, A Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J Puerta Pelayo, A Quintario Olmeda, I Redondo, L Romero, M S Soares, A Álvarez Fernández, C Albajar, J F de Trocóniz, M Missiroli, J Cuevas, C Erice, J Fernandez Menendez, I 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Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, C Smith, R Bartek, A Dominguez, A Buccilli, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, C West, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, D Cutts, A Garabedian, M Hadley, J Hakala, U Heintz, J M Hogan, K H M Kwok, E Laird, G Landsberg, J Lee, Z Mao, M Narain, J Pazzini, S Piperov, S Sagir, R Syarif, D Yu, R Band, C Brainerd, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, S Shalhout, M Shi, J Smith, D Stolp, K Tos, M Tripathi, Z Wang, M Bachtis, C Bravo, R Cousins, A Dasgupta, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, N Mccoll, S Regnard, D Saltzberg, C Schnaible, V Valuev, E Bouvier, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, S M A Ghiasi Shirazi, G Hanson, J Heilman, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, W Si, L Wang, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, S Cittolin, M Derdzinski, R Gerosa, D Gilbert, B Hashemi, A Holzner, D Klein, G Kole, V Krutelyov, J Letts, I Macneill, M Masciovecchio, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, N Amin, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, M Franco Sevilla, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, H Qu, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, J Yoo, D Anderson, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J M Lawhorn, H B Newman, T Nguyen, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, Z Zhang, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, T Ferguson, T Mudholkar, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, M Weinberg, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, S Leontsinis, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, K Mcdermott, N Mirman, J R Patterson, D Quach, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, L Soffi, S M Tan, Z Tao, J Thom, J Tucker, P Wittich, M Zientek, S Abdullin, M Albrow, M Alyari, G Apollinari, A Apresyan, A Apyan, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, A Canepa, G B Cerati, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, M Cremonesi, J Duarte, V D Elvira, J Freeman, Z Gecse, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, D Lincoln, R Lipton, M Liu, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, N Magini, J M Marraffino, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, B Schneider, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, J Strait, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, R D Field, I K Furic, S V Gleyzer, B M Joshi, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, K Kotov, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, K Shi, D Sperka, N Terentyev, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, Y R Joshi, S Linn, P Markowitz, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, T Adams, A Askew, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, T Kolberg, G Martinez, T Perry, H Prosper, A Saha, A Santra, V Sharma, R Yohay, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, R Cavanaugh, X Chen, O Evdokimov, C E Gerber, D A Hangal, D J Hofman, K Jung, J Kamin, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, M B Tonjes, H Trauger, N Varelas, H Wang, Z Wu, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, C Mantilla, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, S Boren, J Bowen, J Castle, S Khalil, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, C Royon, S Sanders, E Schmitz, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, Y Feng, C Ferraioli, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, G Y Jeng, R G Kellogg, J Kunkle, A C Mignerey, F Ricci-Tam, Y H Shin, A Skuja, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, V Azzolini, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, M D'Alfonso, Z Demiragli, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, M Hu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, B Maier, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Tatar, D Velicanu, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, P Hansen, J Hiltbrand, S Kalafut, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, J Turkewitz, M A Wadud, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, K Bloom, D R Claes, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, I Kravchenko, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, J Dolen, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, D Nguyen, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, O Charaf, K A Hahn, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Loukas, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, G Smith, S Taroni, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, S Cooperstein, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, S Higginbotham, D Lange, J Luo, D Marlow, K Mei, I Ojalvo, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, C Tully, S Malik, S Norberg, A Barker, V E Barnes, S Das, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, A Khatiwada, D H Miller, N Neumeister, C C Peng, H Qiu, J F Schulte, J Sun, F Wang, W Xie, T Cheng, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, S Freed, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, M Kilpatrick, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, J Roberts, J Rorie, W Shi, Z Tu, J Zabel, A Zhang, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, R Ciesielski, K Goulianos, C Mesropian, A Agapitos, J P Chou, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, R Montalvo, K Nash, M Osherson, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, A G Delannoy, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Castaneda Hernandez, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, J Damgov, F De Guio, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, E Gurpinar, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, T Peltola, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, K Padeken, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, R Hirosky, M Joyce, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, R Harr, P E Karchin, N Poudyal, J Sturdy, P Thapa, S Zaleski, M Brodski, J Buchanan, C Caillol, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, U Hussain, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
An inclusive search for the standard model Higgs boson (H) produced with large transverse momentum (p_{T}) and decaying to a bottom quark-antiquark pair (bb[over ¯]) is performed using a data set of pp collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb^{-1}. A highly Lorentz-boosted Higgs boson decaying to bb[over ¯] is reconstructed as a single, large radius jet, and it is identified using jet substructure and dedicated b tagging techniques...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Jennifer T Wang, Tim Stearns
The centriole is a defining feature of many eukaryotic cells. It nucleates a cilium, organizes microtubules as part of the centrosome, and is duplicated in coordination with the cell cycle. Centrioles have a remarkable structure, consisting of microtubules arranged in a barrel with ninefold radial symmetry. At their base, or proximal end, centrioles have unique triplet microtubules, formed from three microtubules linked to each other. This microtubule organization is not found anywhere else in the cell, is conserved in all major branches of the eukaryotic tree, and likely was present in the last eukaryotic common ancestor...
March 14, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology
Guo Xiu-Xia, Cheng Peng, Liu Li-Juan, Zhang Chong-Xing, Wang Hai-Fang, Wang Huai-Wei, Gong Mao-Qing, Ma Jun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of gene sequence of mtDNA-COⅠ of Culex pipiens pallens from different geographical regions in Shandong Province and different resistant strains from the lab and five common mosquito species, and analyze the genetic diversity of these mosquitoes. METHODS: Adult mosquitoes were collected from Jinan, Jining, Qingdao cities and other places in Shandong Province. The sensitive, dichlorvos-resistant, pyrethroid-resistant and propoxur-resistant strains were reared in the lab...
September 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
J Bennett, T Adriaenssens, K McCutcheon, J Dens, W Desmet, P Sinnaeve, M Vrolix, C Dubois
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated healing responses with optical coherence tomography, and long-term clinical outcomes after treatment with a dedicated stent versus a conventional culotte technique. BACKGROUND: Dedicated bifurcation stents have been proposed as an alternative treatment for coronary bifurcation lesions. The long-term performance of dedicated stents versus conventional dual-stent techniques for the treatment of complex coronary bifurcation lesions is unknown...
March 14, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Masoud Tajamolian, Parisa Kolahdouz, Parvaneh Nikpour, Seyed Khalil Forouzannia, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Ehsan Farashahi Yazd
Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a disorder that is inherited by autosomal dominant pattern. The main cause of FH disease is the occurrence of mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene sequence, as well as apolipoprotein B and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes, located in the next ranks, respectively. Materials and Methods: Forty-five unrelated Iranian patients with FH were screened using a high-resolution melting (HRM) method for exon 9 along with intron/exon boundaries of LDLR gene...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Kwok S Wun, Josephine F Reijneveld, Tan-Yun Cheng, Kristin Ladell, Adam P Uldrich, Jérôme Le Nours, Kelly L Miners, James E McLaren, Emma J Grant, Oscar L Haigh, Thomas S Watkins, Sara Suliman, Sarah Iwany, Judith Jimenez, Roger Calderon, Kattya L Tamara, Segundo R Leon, Megan B Murray, Jacob A Mayfield, John D Altman, Anthony W Purcell, John J Miles, Dale I Godfrey, Stephanie Gras, David A Price, Ildiko Van Rhijn, D Branch Moody, Jamie Rossjohn
The hallmark function of αβ T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) involves the highly specific co-recognition of a major histocompatibility complex molecule and its carried peptide. However, the molecular basis of the interactions of TCRs with the lipid antigen-presenting molecule CD1c is unknown. We identified frequent staining of human T cells with CD1c tetramers across numerous subjects. Whereas TCRs typically show high specificity for antigen, both tetramer binding and autoreactivity occurred with CD1c in complex with numerous, chemically diverse self lipids...
March 12, 2018: Nature Immunology
Unzue Leire, García Eulogio, Rodríguez Rodrigo Francisco José, Parra Jiménez Francisco Javier, Medina Peralta Juan, Díaz-Antón Belen, Rodríguez Del Río Miguel, Fontenla Adolfo, Teijeiro Rodrigo, Rubio-Alonso Belén
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe electrocardiographic changes and conduction abnormalities in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: 76 patients who underwent TAVI using Edwards Sapien 3 prosthesis were included, comparing electrocardiographic registries at admission, post-procedure and before discharge. RESULTS: Patients after TAVI presented a longer PR interval, a wider QRS, and a longer corrected QT, with a left deviation of QRS axis and T waves; reversible changes that tended to correct in the following days after TAVI...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
Gabriel T Gao, William Binder
Nexplanon is a long-acting 4cm radio-opaque rod shaped contraceptive device implanted in the subdermal layer of the inner, upper arm. Complications from implantation are uncommon and mostly local and minor, including infection at the implantation site with resulting cellulitis or abscess, hematoma, abnormal scar formation, or local damage to nerves and blood vessels. Intravascular insertion is estimated to be at 1.3 per million Nexplanon implants, and migration and embolization is a rare complication of this device...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Azza M EzzEl-Din, Sherif H Galal, Asmaa O Ahmed, Sherif I Kamel, Dalia T Kamal
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the one of the major causes of chronic liver disease. Individuals exposed to HBV show wide spectrum outcomes including immunized persons, asymptomatic carrier, chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis and HCC. The outcome of HBV infection and the severity of associated liver diseases are determined by the nature and strength of host immune responses against the virus. There is accumulating evidence that the innate branch of the host immune system plays an important role in the control of HBV infection...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Adam N Wallace, Jonathan A Grossberg, Josser E Delgado Almandoz, Mudassar Kamran, Anil K Roy, Yasha Kayan, Matthew J Austin, Brian M Howard, Christopher J Moran, C Michael Cawley, DeWitte T Cross, Jacques E Dion, Akash P Kansagra, Joshua W Osbun
BACKGROUND: Flow diversion of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysms has not been widely reported, possibly owing to concerns regarding parent vessel size and branch vessel coverage. OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and effectiveness of PCA aneurysm flow diverter treatment. METHODS: Retrospective review of PCA aneurysms treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; Medtronic Inc, Dublin, Ireland) at 3 neurovascular centers, including periprocedural complications and clinical and angiographic outcomes...
March 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
Ivan Grbatinić, Nebojsa Milosevic, Dusica Maric
The aim of this study is to determine whether the dentate neurons can be translaminary neuromorphotopologically classified as ventrolateral or dorsomedial type. Adult human dentate 2D binary interneuron images are used for the purposes of the analysis. The analysis is performed on the real and the virtual neuron sample. The total of 29 parameters is used. They can be divided into the classes: neuron surface, shape, length, branching and complexity. The clustering is performed through the algorithm consisted from of the steps of predictor extraction (matrix attractor analysis/non-negative matrix factorization and cluster analysis of predictor factors, separate unifactor analysis/Student's t-test and MANOVA) and multivariate cluster analysis set (cluster analysis, principal component analysis, factor analysis with pro/varimax rotation, Fisher's linear discriminant analysis and feed-forward backpropagation artificial neural networks)...
2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
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