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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917974/cross-cultural-analysis-of-medicinal-plants-commonly-used-in-ethnoveterinary-practices-at-south-waziristan-agency-and-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-fata-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Sufyan, Shahid Niaz Khan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In remote areas, medicinal plants have an imperative role in curing various livestock's ailments. In Pakistan, people residing in remote areas including South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency depend on traditional herbal remedies for treating their domestic animals. Medicinal plants are an important part of the medical system in these Agencies. The prime goal of the current study is to explore the ethnoveterinary practices in the two regions and discuss cross-cultural consensus on the use of medicinal plants...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902635/gc-ms-characterization-of-n-hexane-soluble-fraction-from-dandelion-taraxacum-officinale-weber-ex-f-h-wigg-aerial-parts-and-its-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-properties
#2
Ivan Ivanov, Nadezhda Petkova, Julian Tumbarski, Ivayla Dincheva, Ilian Badjakov, Panteley Denev, Atanas Pavlov
A comparative investigation of n-hexane soluble compounds from aerial parts of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) collected during different vegetative stages was carried out. The GC-MS analysis of the n-hexane (unpolar) fraction showed the presence of 30 biologically active compounds. Phytol [14.7% of total ion current (TIC)], lupeol (14.5% of TIC), taraxasteryl acetate (11.4% of TIC), β-sitosterol (10.3% of TIC), α-amyrin (9.0% of TIC), β-amyrin (8.3% of TIC), and cycloartenol acetate (5...
September 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855528/analysis-of-the-first-taraxacum-kok-saghyz-transcriptome-reveals-potential-rubber-yield-related-snps
#3
Zinan Luo, Brian J Iaffaldano, Xiaofeng Zhuang, Jonathan Fresnedo-Ramírez, Katrina Cornish
Taraxacum kok-saghyz (TK) is a potential alternative crop for natural rubber (NR) production, due to its high molecular weight rubber, short breeding cycle, and diverse environmental adaptation. However, improvements in rubber yield and agronomically relevant traits are still required before it can become a commercially-viable crop. An RNA-Seq based transcriptome was developed from a pool of roots from genotypes with high and low rubber yield. A total of 55,532 transcripts with lengths over 200 bp were de novo assembled...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805750/inositol-derivatives-and-phenolic-compounds-from-the-roots-of-taraxacum-coreanum
#4
Eun Jin Mo, Jong Hoon Ahn, Yang Hee Jo, Seon Beom Kim, Bang Yeon Hwang, Mi Kyeong Lee
In this study, the characterization of chemical constituents and biological activity of the roots of Taraxacum coreanum (Asteraceae) was attempted. Phytochemical investigation of the roots of T. coreanum led to the isolation of two new inositol derivatives, taraxinositols A (1) and B (2), and a new phenolic compound, taraxinol (16), together with twenty known compounds including four inositol derivatives, neo-inositol-1,4-bis (4-hydroxybenzeneacetate) (3), chiro-inositol-1,5-bis(4- hydroxybenzeneacetate) (4), chiro-inositol-2,3-bis (4-hydroxybenzeneacetate) (5) and chiro-inositol- 1,2,3-tris (4-hydroxybenzeneacetate) (6), nine phenolic compounds: p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (7), vanillin (8), syringaldehyde (9), vanillic acid (10), 4-methoxyphenylacetic acid (11), 4-hydroxy- phenylacetic acid methyl ester (12), optivanin (13), isoferulic acid (14) and dihydroconiferyl alcohol (15), four coumarins: nodakenetin (17), decursinol (18), prangol (19) and isobyakangelicin (20), and three lignans: syringaresinol-4'-O-β-d-glucoside (21), syringaresinol (22), and pinoresinol (23)...
August 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699009/bio-fabrication-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-the-leaf-extract-of-an-ancient-herbal-medicine-dandelion-taraxacum-officinale-evaluation-of-their-antioxidant-anticancer-potential-and-antimicrobial-activity-against-phytopathogens
#5
Rijuta G Saratale, Giovanni Benelli, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Dong Su Kim, Ganesh D Saratale
In recent years, the use of nanoparticle-based antimicrobials has been increased due to many advantages over conventional agrochemicals. This study investigates the utilization of common medicinal plant dandelion, Taraxacum officinale, for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (TOL-AgNPs). AgNPs were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against two important phytopathogens, Xanthomonas axonopodis and Pseudomonas syringae. The morphology, size, and structure of TOL-AgNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695334/arbuscular-mycorrhizas-are-present-on-spitsbergen
#6
K K Newsham, P B Eidesen, M L Davey, J Axelsen, E Courtecuisse, C Flintrop, A G Johansson, M Kiepert, S E Larsen, K E Lorberau, M Maurset, J McQuilkin, M Misiak, A Pop, S Thompson, D J Read
A previous study of 76 plant species on Spitsbergen in the High Arctic concluded that structures resembling arbuscular mycorrhizas were absent from roots. Here, we report a survey examining the roots of 13 grass and forb species collected from 12 sites on the island for arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonisation. Of the 102 individuals collected, we recorded AM endophytes in the roots of 41 plants of 11 species (Alopecurus ovatus, Deschampsia alpina, Festuca rubra ssp. richardsonii, putative viviparous hybrids of Poa arctica and Poa pratensis, Poa arctica ssp...
July 10, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687507/gastroprotective-actions-of-taraxacum-coreanum-nakai-water-extracts-in-ethanol-induced-rat-models-of-acute-and-chronic-gastritis
#7
Hye Jeong Yang, Min Jung Kim, Dae Young Kwon, Eun Seon Kang, Suna Kang, Sunmin Park
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Taraxacum coreanum Nakai has been traditionally used for treating inflammatory diseases including gastrointestinal diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: We studied whether water extracts of Taraxacum coreanum Nakai (TCN) had a protective effect on acute and chronic gastritis induced by ethanol/HCl in an animal model of gastritis and its mechanism was also explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the acute study, rats were orally administered 0...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653938/report-screening-of-the-anti-hyperglycemic-activity-of-some-medicinal-plants-of-jordan
#8
Ahmad S Alkofahi, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak, Karem H Alzoubi, Omar F Khabour
Diabetes represents a group of common diseases that are characterized by dysregulation of blood glucose levels. Plants are traditionally used for management of diseases including diabetes. In this study, we screened the anti-diabetic effect of extracts of 21 plants grown in Jordan. Extracts of plants were screened for their antihyperglycemic activity. Diabetes was induced in Sprague Dawley rats using Alloxan. Plant extracts were dosed at 1gm/kg. Blood glucose was measured at baseline and at every hour for 3 hours...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651306/heme-oxygenase-1-induction-and-anti-inflammatory-actions-of-atractylodes-macrocephala-and-taraxacum-herba-extracts-prevented-colitis-and-was-more-effective-than-sulfasalazine-in-preventing-relapse
#9
Kyu-Hyun Han, Jong-Min Park, Migyeong Jeong, Young-Min Han, Eun-Jin Go, Juyeon Park, Hocheol Kim, Jae Gab Han, Oran Kwon, Ki Baik Hahm
Background/Aims: In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), repeated bouts of remission and relapse occur in patients and can impose a risk of colitis-associated cancer. We hypothesized that plant extracts of Atractylodes macrocephala (AM) or Taraxacum herba (TH) may be better than sulfasalazine for treating this disease because these extracts can promote additional regeneration. Methods: Murine intestinal epithelial IEC-6 cells were pretreated with AM or TH before a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced challenge...
September 15, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578091/in%C3%A2-vitro-assessment-of-argemone-mexicana-taraxacum-officinale-ruta-chalepensis-and-tagetes-filifolia-against-haemonchus-contortus-nematode-eggs-and-infective-l3-larvae
#10
Gabriela Jasso Díaz, Glafiro Torres Hernández, Alejandro Zamilpa, Carlos Miguel Becerril Pérez, J Efrén Ramírez Bribiesca, Omar Hernández Mendo, Hussein Sánchez Arroyo, Manasés González Cortazar, Pedro Mendoza de Gives
Argemone mexicana, Taraxacum officinale, Ruta chalepensis and Tagetes filifolia are plants with deworming potential. The purpose of this study was to evaluate methanolic extracts of aerial parts of these plants against Haemonchus contortus eggs and infective larvae (L3) and identify compounds responsible for the anthelmintic activity. In vitro probes were performed to identify the anthelmintic activity of plant extracts: egg hatching inhibition (EHI) and larvae mortality. Open column Chromatography was used to bio-guided fractionation of the extract, which shows the best anthelmintic effect...
May 31, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573965/characterization-of-croatian-rape-brassica-sp-honey-by-pollen-spectrum-physicochemical-characteristics-and-multielement-analysis-by-icp-oes
#11
Blanka Bilić Rajs, Ivana Flanjak, Jelena Mutić, Vesna Vukojević, Slađana Đurđić, Ljiljana Primorac
Rape (Brassica sp.) unifloral honey from Croatia was characterized by certain physicochemical parameters, micro- and macroelement content, and pollen spectrum, as determined in 21 honey samples. The Brassica sp. pollen type was predominant in the analyzed samples and ranged between 60 and 98%, with Trifolium spp., Robinia pseudoacacia, Rosaceae, Helianthus annuus, Salix spp., and Taraxacum officinale as the main accompanying pollen types. The electrical conductivity mean value was 0.22 ± 0.05 mS/cm and the glucose/fructose ratio mean value was 1...
June 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570890/air-pollution-tolerance-index-and-heavy-metal-bioaccumulation-in-selected-plant-species-from-urban-biotopes
#12
Aleksandra Nadgórska-Socha, Marta Kandziora-Ciupa, Michał Trzęsicki, Gabriela Barczyk
This research was carried out on plants Taraxacum officinale, Plantago lanceolata, Betula pendula and Robinia pseudoacacia growing in urban biotopes with different levels of heavy metal contamination in the city of Dąbrowa Górnicza (southern Poland). Based on the pollution index, the highest heavy metal contamination was determined in the site 4 (connected with industry emitters) and 6 (high traffic). The metal accumulation index (MAI) values ranged within the biotopes in Dąbrowa Górnicza between 7.3 and 20...
September 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532507/isoprenoid-biosynthesis-in-dandelion-latex-is-enhanced-by-the-overexpression-of-three-key-enzymes-involved-in-the-mevalonate-pathway
#13
Katharina M Pütter, Nicole van Deenen, Kristina Unland, Dirk Prüfer, Christian Schulze Gronover
BACKGROUND: Latex from the dandelion species Taraxacum brevicorniculatum contains many high-value isoprenoid end products, e.g. triterpenes and polyisoprenes such as natural rubber. The isopentenyl pyrophosphate units required as precursors for these isoprenoids are provided by the mevalonate (MVA) pathway. The key enzyme in this pathway is 3-hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) and its activity has been thoroughly characterized in many plant species including dandelion. However, two enzymes acting upstream of HMGR have not been characterized in dandelion latex: ATP citrate lyase (ACL), which provides the acetyl-CoA utilized in the MVA pathway, and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (AACT), which catalyzes the first step in the pathway to produce acetoacetyl-CoA...
May 22, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523073/improved-axenic-hydroponic-whole-plant-propagation-for-rapid-production-of-roots-as-transformation-target-tissue
#14
Kyle Benzle, Katrina Cornish
BACKGROUND: Plant roots are used as an efficient target tissue for plant transformation assays. In root propagable species transformed roots are able to regenerate into whole plants without the addition of exogenous hormones, thus avoiding somaclonal variation associated with many plant transformation protocols. Plants grown in soil or soilless solid medium have roots that tend to be extremely delicate and are difficult to sterilize in advance of plant transformation experiments. Axenic tissue culture plants grown on semi-solid media are slow to produce large amounts of biomass compared to plants grown in solution-based media...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482898/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-traditional-healers-and-herbalists-for-treatment-of-some-urological-diseases-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#15
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Rowa Al-Ramahi, Malik A Alqub, Fatima Hussein, Zakaria Hamdan, Mahmoud Mustafa, Mohammad Qneibi, Iyad Ali
BACKGROUND: Throughout history, every civilization in the world used plants or their derivatives for treatment or prevention of diseases. In Palestine as in many other countries, herbal medicines are broadly used in the treatment of wide range of diseases including urological diseases. The main objective of this research is to study the use of herbal remedies by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urological diseases in the West Bank regions of Palestine and to assess their efficacy and safety through the literature review of the most cited plants...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480383/in-vivo-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-taraxasterol-against-animal-models
#16
Ying Wang, Guan-Hao Li, Xin-Yu Liu, Lu Xu, Sha-Sha Wang, Xue-Mei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine Taraxacum officinale has been widely used to treat various inflammatory diseases. Taraxasterol is one of the main active components isolated from Taraxacum officinale. Recently, we have demonstrated that taraxasterol has the in vitro anti-inflammatory effects. This study aims to determine the in vivo anti-inflammatory effects of taraxasterol against animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anti-inflammatory effects were assessed in four animal models by using dimethylbenzene-induced mouse ear edema, carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, acetic acid-induced mouse vascular permeability and cotton pellet-induced rat granuloma tests...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461119/taraxacum-mongolicum-extract-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-associated-apoptosis-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#17
Xiao-Hong Li, Xi-Ran He, Yan-Yan Zhou, Hai-Yu Zhao, Wen-Xian Zheng, Shan-Tong Jiang, Qun Zhou, Ping-Ping Li, Shu-Yan Han
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive and deadly breast cancer subtype with limited treatment options. It is necessary to seek complementary strategies for TNBC management. Taraxacum mongolicum, commonly named as dandelion, is a herb medicine with anti-cancer activity and has been utilized to treat mammary abscess, hyperplasia of mammary glands from ancient time in China, but the scientific evidence and action mechanisms still need to be studied. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was intended to investigate the therapeutic effect and molecular mechanisms of dandelion extract in TNBC cell line...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432976/cuticular-wax-coverage-and-composition-differ-among-organs-of-taraxacum-officinale
#18
Yanjun Guo, Lucas Busta, Reinhard Jetter
Primary plant surfaces are coated with hydrophobic cuticular waxes to minimize non-stomatal water loss. Wax compositions differ greatly between plant species and, in the few species studied systematically so far, also between organs, tissues, and developmental stages. However, the wax mixtures of more species in diverse plant families must be investigated to assess overall wax variability, and ultimately to correlate organ-specific composition with local water barrier properties. Here, we present comprehensive analyses of the waxes covering five organs of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion), to help close a gap in our understanding of wax chemistry in the Asteraceae family...
June 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411316/phytoextraction-of-rare-earth-elements-in-herbaceous-plant-species-growing-close-to-roads
#19
Patrycja Mikołajczak, Klaudia Borowiak, Przemysław Niedzielski
The aim of study was to determine the phytoextraction of rare earth elements (REEs) to roots, stems and leaves of five herbaceous plant species (Achillea millefolium L., Artemisia vulgaris L., Papaver rhoeas L., Taraxacum officinale AND Tripleurospermum inodorum), growing in four areas located in close proximity to a road with varied traffic intensity. Additionally, the relationship between road traffic intensity, REE concentration in soil and the content of these elements in plant organs was estimated. A. vulgaris and P...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378154/plant-derived-phosphocholine-facilitates-cellular-uptake-of-anti-pulmonary-fibrotic-hjt-srna-m7
#20
Jianchao Du, Zhu Liang, Jiantao Xu, Yan Zhao, Xiaoyun Li, Yanli Zhang, Dandan Zhao, Ruxuan Chen, Yang Liu, Trupti Joshi, Jiahui Chang, Zhiqing Wang, Yanxu Zhang, Jindong Zhu, Qiang Liu, Dong Xu, Chengyu Jiang
Pulmonary fibrosis, a progressive chronic disease with a high mortality rate, has limited treatment options. Currently, lung transplantation remains the only effective treatment. Here we report that a small RNA, HJT-sRNA-m7, from a Chinese herbal medicine Hong Jing Tian (HJT, Rhodiola crenulata can effectively reduce the expressions of fibrotic hallmark genes and proteins both in alveolar in vitro and in mouse lung tissues in vivo. We also discovered over one hundred oil-soluble chemicals from HJT decoctions, most of which are found in lipid extracts from other Chinese herbals decoctions, including Pu Gong Ying (PGY, Taraxacum mongolicum), Chuan Xin Lian (CXL, Andrographis paniculata), and Jin Yin Hua (JYH, lonicera japonica or Honeysuckle)...
March 31, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
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