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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931269/endeavoring-to-carry-on-their-work-the-national-debate-over-midwives-and-its-impact-in-rhode-island-18901940
#1
Simone M Caron
This article analyzes the national discourse over the problem of midwifery in medical literature and examines the impact of this dialogue on Rhode Island from 1890 to 1940. Doctors did not speak as a monolithic bloc on this problem: some blamed midwives while others impugned poorly trained physicians. This debate led to curricula reform and to state laws to regulate midwifery. The attempt to eliminate midwives in the 1910s failed because of a shortage of trained obstetricians, and because of cultural barriers between immigrant and mainstream communities...
January 2017: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929328/association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-with-migraine-and-headache-after-a-natural-disaster
#2
Mariana C Arcaya, Sarah R Lowe, Asad L Asad, S V Subramanian, Mary C Waters, Jean Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows that migraine and general headache symptoms increase after traumatic events. Questions remain about whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) produces migraine/headache symptoms, or if individuals afflicted by migraine/headache are especially likely to develop PTSD. We test whether PTSD symptoms following a natural disaster are associated with higher odds of reporting frequent headaches/migraines postdisaster. We decompose PTSD into intrusion, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptom clusters to examine which, if any, are uniquely related to headache/migraine postdisaster...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929008/quantum-physics-focus-like-a-lens-not-like-a-laser
#3
Richard Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918785/the-timecourse-of-expression-aftereffects
#4
Nichola Burton, Linda Jeffery, Jack Bonner, Gillian Rhodes
Adaptation to facial expressions produces aftereffects that bias perception of subsequent expressions away from the adaptor. Studying the temporal dynamics of an aftereffect can help us to understand the neural processes that underlie perception, and how they change with experience. Little is known about the temporal dynamics of the expression aftereffect. We conducted two experiments to measure the timecourse of this aftereffect. In Experiment 1 we examined how the size of the aftereffect varies with changes in the duration of the adaptor and test stimuli...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916687/a-unique-combination-of-micronutrients-rejuvenates-cognitive-performance-in-aged-mice
#5
Sam D Perez, Kristy Du, Catarina Rendeiro, Lin Wang, Qian Wu, Stanislav S Rubakhin, Rema Vazhappilly, Jeffrey H Baxter, Jonathan V Sweedler, Justin S Rhodes
It is widely believed that diet can influence the onset and severity of cognitive aging, but the optimal combination of micronutrients and molecular and cellular mechanisms remain elusive. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of eight distinct diets, consisting of various concentrations of selected micronutrients, on learning and memory as well as markers of neuronal plasticity, and metabolic and neuro-immune status of the aged hippocampus. Eighteen-month-old male and female C57BL/6J mice were fed the diets for 16 weeks, followed by learning and memory trials on the active avoidance task...
December 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911995/allometry-data-and-equations-for-coastal-marsh-plants
#6
Meng Lu, Joshua S Caplan, Jonathan D Bakker, J Adam Langley, Thomas J Mozdzer, Bert G Drake, J Patrick Megonigal
Coastal marshes are highly valued for ecosystem services such as protecting inland habitats from storms, sequestering carbon, removing nutrients and other pollutants from surface water, and providing habitat for fish, shellfish, and birds. Because plants largely determine the structure and function of coastal marshes, quantifying plant biomass is essential for evaluating these ecosystem services, understanding the biogeochemical processes that regulate ecosystem function, and forecasting tidal wetland responses to accelerated sea level rise...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910687/a-frequency-tunable-eight-channel-correlation-ece-system-for-electron-temperature-turbulence-measurements-on-the-diii-d-tokamak
#7
C Sung, W A Peebles, C Wannberg, T L Rhodes, X Nguyen, R Lantsov, L Bardóczi
A new eight-channel correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic has recently been installed on the DIII-D tokamak to study both turbulent and coherent electron temperature fluctuations under various plasma conditions and locations. This unique system is designed to cover a broad range of operation space on DIII-D (1.6-2.1 T, detection frequency: 72-108 GHz) via four remotely selected local oscillators (80, 88, 96, and 104 GHz). Eight radial locations are measured simultaneously in a single discharge covering as much as half the minor radius...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910620/a-novel-technique-for-real-time-estimation-of-edge-pedestal-density-gradients-via-reflectometer-time-delay-data
#8
L Zeng, E J Doyle, T L Rhodes, G Wang, C Sung, W A Peebles, M Bobrek
A new model-based technique for fast estimation of the pedestal electron density gradient has been developed. The technique uses ordinary mode polarization profile reflectometer time delay data and does not require direct profile inversion. Because of its simple data processing, the technique can be readily implemented via a Field-Programmable Gate Array, so as to provide a real-time density gradient estimate, suitable for use in plasma control systems such as envisioned for ITER, and possibly for DIII-D and Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910576/measurement-of-local-internal-magnetic-fluctuations-via-cross-polarization-scattering-in-the-diii-d-tokamak-invited
#9
K Barada, T L Rhodes, N A Crocker, W A Peebles
We present new measurements of internal magnetic fluctuations obtained with a novel eight channel cross polarization scattering (CPS) system installed on the DIII-D tokamak. Measurements of internal, localized magnetic fluctuations provide a window on an important physics quantity that we heretofore have had little information on. Importantly, these measurements provide a new ability to challenge and test linear and nonlinear simulations and basic theory. The CPS method, based upon the scattering of an incident microwave beam into the opposite polarization by magnetic fluctuations, has been significantly extended and improved over the method as originally developed on the Tore Supra tokamak...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910380/simultaneous-measurement-of-magnetic-and-density-fluctuations-via-cross-polarization-scattering-and-doppler-backscattering-on-the-diii-d-tokamak
#10
T L Rhodes, K Barada, W A Peebles, N A Crocker
An upgraded cross-polarization scattering (CPS) system for the simultaneous measurement of internal magnetic fluctuations B̃ and density fluctuations ñ is presented. The system has eight radial quadrature channels acquired simultaneously with an eight-channel Doppler backscattering system (measures density fluctuations ñ and flows). 3-D ray tracing calculations based on the GENRAY ray tracing code are used to illustrate the scattering and geometric considerations involved in the CPS implementation on DIII-D...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903003/surveillance-of-suicide-and-suicide-attempts-among-rhode-island-youth-using-multiple-data-sources
#11
Yongwen Jiang, Deborah N Pearlman, Jeffrey Hill, Samara Viner-Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903002/ten-years-and-growing-medical-marijuana-in-rhode-island-where-are-we-now
#12
James V McDonald, Mike Simoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902530/cardiac-troponin-release-is-associated-with-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-ventricular-dilatation-during-critical-illness
#13
Marlies Ostermann, Salma Ayis, Emma Tuddenham, Jessica Lo, Katie Lei, John Smith, Barnaby Sanderson, Carl Moran, Paul Collinson, Janet Peacock, Andrew Rhodes, David Treacher
INTRODUCTION: Troponin release is common during critical illness. We hypothesized that there was an association between cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and biomarkers of systemic inflammation and ventricular dilatation. METHODS: In an observational prospective cohort study, we enrolled consecutive adult patients admitted for non-cardiac reasons to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in 2 tertiary care centers. We measured cTnT, C-reactive protein (CRP), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), procalcitonin (PCT) and N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) daily in the first week, and on alternate days in the second week...
November 29, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896069/evaluation-of-de-novo-assembly-technique-in-the-south-african-abalone-haliotis-midae-transcriptome-a-comparison-from-illumina-and-454-systems
#14
Barbara Picone, Clint Rhode, Rouvay Roodt-Wilding
Next generation sequencing platforms have recently been used to rapidly characterize transcriptome sequences from a number of non-model organisms. The present study compares two of the most frequently used platforms, the Roche 454-pyrosequencing and the Illumina sequencing-by-synthesis (SBS), on the same RNA sample obtained from an intertidal gastropod mollusc species, Haliotis midae. All the sequencing reads were deposited in the Short Read Archive (SRA) database are retrievable under the accession number [SRR071314 (Illumina Genome Analyzer II)] and [SRR1737738, SRR1737737, SRR1737735, SRR1737734 (454 GS FLX)] in the SRA database of NCBI...
December 2016: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895913/listening-in-the-dark-why-we-need-stories-of-people-living-with-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa
#15
EDITORIAL
Janet Conti, Paul Rhodes, Heather Adams
A bold step forward in our approach to Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa invites new paradigms for research and practice. It provides an opportunity for us to explore fault lines, both in our communities of practice and the social structures that inform them. This paper serves to question the medical metaphors on which treatment has been based, in favour of alternative perspectives that resonate more clearly with the lived experience of those for whom it has failed. We invite the consideration of alternative metaphors, which can disrupt the notion of heroic patients (and therapists), mediate against acts of self-silencing and sensitising us to more radical acts of listening...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894764/thoracoscopic-bilateral-t3-sympathectomy-for-primary-focal-hyperhidrosis-in-children
#16
Pablo Laje, Kali Rhodes, Leanne Magee, Mary Kate Klarich
AIM OF THE STUDY: Present our experience in the surgical treatment of primary focal hyperhidrosis of the hands by thoracoscopic bilateral T3 sympathectomy in pediatric patients. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients operated between 2013 and 2015. RESULTS: We operated and included in the study 28 patients, 22 females and 6 males. Mean age was 14 (6-21) years. All patients had previously tried at least one form of medical therapy with no success...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894311/access-to-substance-use-treatment-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#17
Elliott J Liebling, Jesse L Yedinak, Traci C Green, Scott E Hadland, Melissa A Clark, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use is a substantial public health problem in the United States, with 1.5 million new initiates annually. Only 746,000 people received treatment for NMPO use in 2013, demonstrating substantial disparities in access to treatment. This study aimed to assess correlates of accessing substance use treatment among young adult NMPO users in Rhode Island, a state heavily impacted by NMPO use and opioid overdose. METHODS: This analysis uses data from a study of 200 Rhode Island residents aged 18 to 29 who reported NMPO use in the past 30 days...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893846/cerebellum-transcriptome-of-mice-bred-for-high-voluntary-activity-offers-insights-into-locomotor-control-and-reward-dependent-behaviors
#18
Kelsey Caetano-Anollés, Justin S Rhodes, Theodore Garland, Sam D Perez, Alvaro G Hernandez, Bruce R Southey, Sandra L Rodriguez-Zas
The role of the cerebellum in motivation and addictive behaviors is less understood than that in control and coordination of movements. High running can be a self-rewarding behavior exhibiting addictive properties. Changes in the cerebellum transcriptional networks of mice from a line selectively bred for High voluntary running (H) were profiled relative to an unselected Control (C) line. The environmental modulation of these changes was assessed both in activity environments corresponding to 7 days of Free (F) access to running wheel and to Blocked (B) access on day 7...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893604/implementation-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-a-new-england-sexually-transmitted-diseases-clinic
#19
Philip A Chan, Tiffany R Glynn, Catherine E Oldenburg, Madeline C Montgomery, Ashley E Robinette, Alexi Almonte, Julia Raifman, Leandro Mena, Rupa Patel, Kenneth H Mayer, Laura S Beauchamps, Amy S Nunn
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is efficacious in preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among men who have sex with men (MSM). We assessed PrEP uptake among MSM presenting for services at a sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinic. METHODS: Men who have sex with men presenting to the Rhode Island STD Clinic between October 2013 and November 2014 were educated about, and offered, PrEP. We categorized PrEP engagement using an implementation cascade to describe gaps in uptake which described MSM who: (1) were educated about PrEP, (2) indicated interest, (3) successfully received follow-up contact, (4) scheduled an appointment, (5) attended an appointment, and (6) initiated PrEP (ie, received a prescription)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893130/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-on-quality-of-life-2-weeks-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Areej El-Jawahri, Thomas LeBlanc, Harry VanDusen, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Stephanie S Lee, Jennifer S Temel
Importance: During hospitalization for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), patients receive high-dose chemotherapy before transplantation and experience significant physical and psychological symptoms and poor quality of life (QOL). Objective: To assess the effect of inpatient palliative care on patient- and caregiver-reported outcomes during hospitalization for HCT and 3 months after transplantation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Nonblinded randomized clinical trial among 160 adults with hematologic malignancies undergoing autologous/allogeneic HCT and their caregivers (n = 94)...
November 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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