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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658978/innovation-and-entrepreneurship-perspectives-from-orthopedic-surgery
#1
Kevin J Campbell, Philip K Louie, Derek A Khorsand, Nicholas B Frisch, Tad L Gerlinger, Brett R Levine
Orthopedic surgeons are tasked with treating complex patients while employing critical surgical skills, clinical knowledge, and new technologies. The constant inundation of information, coupled with hours in the hospital setting, provides unique perspectives on various aspects of how health care is delivered, thereby creating a milieu ripe for innovation. The rigors of an orthopedic career make it challenging for physicians to translate an idea into a great product. Through the authors' experiences at a tertiary orthopedic practice, they review the process of taking an idea from concept to fruition...
April 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657390/market-potential-and-opportunities-for-commercialization-of-traditional-meat-products-in-north-east-hill-region-of-india
#2
REVIEW
G Kadirvel, Bandita B Banerjee, Surajit Meitei, S Doley, Arnab Sen, M Muthukumar
The North Eastern (NE) India is renowned for its preference for animal-based food. This region is known for its traditional meat products. However, the popularity of these products remains confined to the specific community/location. The knowledge on the traditional preparation methods is generally passed across generations through practice and word of mouth. The traditional style of preparation and the specific ingredients added to each product makes them unique. In this review, an attempt has been made to identify the initiatives, opportunities, and market potential for commercialization of the traditional meat products...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599999/innovation-for-the-future-of-irish-medtech-industry-retrospective-qualitative-review-of-impact-of-bioinnovate-ireland-s-clinical-fellows
#3
Elizabeth Kate McGloughlin, Paul Anglim, Ivan Keogh, Faisal Sharif
Clinicians have historically been integral in innovating and developing technology in medicine and surgery. In recent years, however, in an increasingly complex healthcare system, a doctor with innovative ideas is often left behind. Transition from idea to bedside now entails significant hurdles, which often go unrecognised at the outset, particularly for first-time innovators. The BioInnnovate Ireland process, based on the Stanford Biodesign Programme (Identify, Invent and Implement), aims to streamline the process of innovation within the MedTech sector...
January 2018: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596517/does-farmer-entrepreneurship-alleviate-rural-poverty-in-china-evidence-from-guangxi-province
#4
Eric Yaw Naminse, Jincai Zhuang
In recent years, entrepreneurship has been gaining more prominence as a potential tool for solving poverty in developing countries. This paper mainly examines the relationship between farmer entrepreneurship and rural poverty alleviation in China by assessing the contribution of farm entrepreneurs towards overcoming poverty. Data were collected from 309 employees of farmer entrepreneurships in Guangxi Province through survey questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was used to conduct an analysis of the effects of three identified capabilities of farm entrepreneurs-economic, educational and knowledge, and socio-cultural capabilities-on attitude towards farmer entrepreneurship growth and the qualitative growth of farmer entrepreneurship and how these in turn affect rural poverty, using AMOS 21...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541672/data-on-empirically-estimated-corporate-survival-rate-in-russia
#5
Evgeny A Kuzmin
The article presents data on the corporate survival rate in Russia in 1991-2014. The empirical survey was based on a random sample with the average number of non-repeated observations (number of companies) for the survey each year equal to 75,958 (24,236 minimum and 126,953 maximum). The actual limiting mean error ∆ p was 2.24% with 99% integrity. The survey methodology was based on a cross joining of various formal periods in the corporate life cycles (legal and business), which makes it possible to talk about a conventionally active time life of companies' existence with a number of assumptions...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504177/the-influence-of-personal-and-organisational-factors-on-entrepreneurship-intention-an-application-in-the-health-care-sector
#6
Carla S Marques, Sandra Valente, Marisa Lages
AIMS: This study sought to contribute to research on entrepreneurial intention by identifying which constructs of the entrepreneurial profile and internal conditions of health care organisations support entrepreneurship and contribute to the entrepreneurial intention of these organisations' employees. BACKGROUND: In addition to psychological attributes, cognitive processes, motivations, sociodemographic and professional characteristics, and entrepreneurial skills, the literature indicates that internal conditions of organisations also contribute to explaining entrepreneurial intention...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446534/habitat-maintenance-and-local-economic-ethics-in-rural-atlantic-canada
#7
Karen Foster
Inspired by Jane Jacobs's writing on "habitat maintenance," this paper seeks to identify the ethics that sometimes compel rural residents to act in ways that preserve their communities in the long run, despite short-term incentives to do otherwise. Data from focus groups in four rural Atlantic Canadian communities suggest shared ethics around entrepreneurship, market competition, buying local, and subsistence, some of which underlie the rural practices and perspectives that appear, to some outsiders, as irrational and "backwards...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423976/innovation-strategy-management-survey-of-the-chilean-biomedical-industry-assessment-of-windows-of-opportunities-to-reduce-technological-gaps
#8
Tomas Gabriel Bas, Carolina Alejandra Oliu
The convergence of different theories (ie, catch-up effect and windows of opportunities) allows for the interpretation of different "technological innovation gaps" in Chile's biomedical industry. It is common knowledge that Chile has always had an economy almost exclusively based on services, commodities, and mainly in the exploitation of natural resources with low value added. The literature confirms that countries that concentrate their economies on the knowledge, research, development, and commercialization of technology and innovation have a better and more stable growth rate in the medium and long run...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401015/palliative-care-leadership-centers-are-key-to-the-diffusion-of-palliative-care-innovation
#9
J Brian Cassel, Brynn Bowman, Maggie Rogers, Lynn H Spragens, Diane E Meier
Between 2000 and 2015 the proportion of US hospitals with more than fifty beds that had palliative care programs tripled, from 25 percent to 75 percent. The rapid adoption of this high-value program, which is voluntary and runs counter to the dominant culture in US hospitals, was catalyzed by tens of millions of dollars in philanthropic support for innovation, dissemination, and professionalization in the palliative care field. We describe the dissemination strategies of the Center to Advance Palliative Care in the context of the principles of social entrepreneurship, and we provide an in-depth look at its hallmark training initiative, Palliative Care Leadership Centers...
February 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378177/leadership-in-ophthalmology-the-role-of-physician-mbas
#10
Akhilesh S Pathipati, James C Tsai
PURPOSE: As American health care evolves, an increasing number of doctors are pursuing MBAs. However, relatively little is known about how business training translates into their future careers. This study characterizes ophthalmologists who have completed MBAs and identifies opportunities for physician leadership in the field. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: We identified 120 ophthalmologists who hold MBAs. We searched each individual's online profiles to collect information on demographics, training, and professional activities...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320943/management-training-in-global-health-education-a-health-innovation-fellowship-training-program-to-bring-healthcare-to-low-income-communities-in-central-america
#11
Andrea M Prado, Andy A Pearson, Nathan S Bertelsen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is increasingly recognized as essential for health education worldwide. Although effective management, innovation, and entrepreneurship are necessary to improve health systems, business schools have been underrepresented in global health education. Central America needs more health professionals trained in health management and innovation to respond to health disparities, especially in rural communities. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the impact of the Health Innovation Fellowship (HIF), a new training program for practicing health professionals offered jointly by the Central American Healthcare Initiative and INCAE Business School, Costa Rica...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300735/mapping-the-evolution-of-entrepreneurship-as-a-field-of-research-1990-2013-a-scientometric-analysis
#12
Yanto Chandra
This article applies scientometric techniques to study the evolution of the field of entrepreneurship between 1990 and 2013. Using a combination of topic mapping, author and journal co-citation analyses, and overlay visualization of new and hot topics in the field, this article makes important contribution to the entrepreneurship research by identifying 46 topics in the 24-year history of entrepreneurship research and demonstrates how they appear, disappear, reappear and stabilize over time. It also identifies five topics that are persistent across the 24-year study period--institutions and institutional entrepreneurship, innovation and technology management, policy and development, entrepreneurial process and opportunity, and new ventures--which I labeled as The Pentagon of Entrepreneurship...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250004/a-lifespan-perspective-on-entrepreneurship-perceived-opportunities-and-skills-explain-the-negative-association-between-age-and-entrepreneurial-activity
#13
Clarissa Bohlmann, Andreas Rauch, Hannes Zacher
Researchers and practitioners are increasingly interested in entrepreneurship as a means to fight youth unemployment and to improve financial stability at higher ages. However, only few studies so far have examined the association between age and entrepreneurial activity. Based on theories from the lifespan psychology literature and entrepreneurship, we develop and test a model in which perceived opportunities and skills explain the relationship between age and entrepreneurial activity. We analyzed data from the 2013 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), while controlling for gender and potential variation between countries...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234494/company-size-work-home-interference-and-well-being-of-self-employed-entrepreneurs
#14
Isabelle Godin, Pierre Desmarez, Céline Mahieu
Background: The impact of working conditions on the health and well-being of workers of large enterprises has been widely described. This influence has not been studied as extensively in very small and medium-sized enterprises mainly due to methodological difficulties. Smaller organisations nevertheless constitute a reality that needs to be better understood. Methodology: The aim of this article is to better understand the working conditions of entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprises, to describe the impact of these conditions on their health and well-being, and to learn how their work affects their private lives...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233445/entrepreneurship-skills-development-through-project-based-activity-in-bachelor-of-pharmacy-program
#15
Aliasgar Shahiwala
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To provide pharmacy students with an opportunity to develop entrepreneurial thinking and skills. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: A business proposal building project-based activity was integrated into a two-credit hour pharmacy management course during the eighth semester of the bachelor of pharmacy degree program. The student groups submitted their proposals, mimicking the process of submitting business proposals and obtaining approval in the real world...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208738/a-new-form-of-nicotine-retailers-a-systematic-review-of-the-sales-and-marketing-practices-of-vape-shops
#16
REVIEW
Joseph G L Lee, Elizabeth N Orlan, Kerry B Sewell, Kurt M Ribisl
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus)...
December 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206009/hydrotherapy-and-medical-entrepreneurship-the-water-spell-of-ricardo-jorge
#17
Rui Manuel Pinto Costa
Between 1886 and 1893, the doctor and hygienist Ricardo Jorge was linked to a commercial and medical project on the waters of Gerês. Known for many centuries and used for therapeutic purposes, they were administered on an empirical basis. When new chemical analyses were first published, the empirical properties of these waters took on a new role in hydrotherapy based on their now proven mineral and medicinal qualities. The article discusses in detail Ricardo Jorge's business venture, framing it in the context of the economic collection and treatment potential of mineral waters and the revival of the phenomenon of hydrotherapy, legitimized by new developments in the chemical analysis of waters...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130589/australia-s-health-star-rating-policy-process-lessons-for-global-policy-making-in-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling
#18
Medha Kumar, Deborah Gleeson, Simon Barraclough
AIM: This study explored factors that shaped the development of Australia's Health Star Rating system for front-of-pack labelling (FoPL) on packaged foods and whether insights could be drawn from this experience to inform the development of global FoPL standards. METHODS: Ten individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health or consumer advocates, academics in the field of nutrition labelling and policy, a food industry employee, and Australian public servants...
November 12, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104604/entrepreneurship-education-revisited-perceived-entrepreneurial-role-models-increase-perceived-behavioural-control
#19
Katharina Fellnhofer
Relying on Bandura's (1986) social learning theory, Ajzen's (1988) theory of planned behaviour (TPB), and Dyer's (1994) model of entrepreneurial careers, this study aims to highlight the potential of entrepreneurial role models to entrepreneurship education. The results suggest that entrepreneurial courses would greatly benefit from real-life experiences, either positive or negative. The results of regression analysis based on 426 individuals, primarily from Austria, Finland, and Greece, show that role models increase learners' entrepreneurial perceived behaviour control (PBC) by increasing their self-efficacy...
2017: International Journal of Learning and Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092897/careers-at-biotech-start-ups-and-in-entrepreneurship
#20
REVIEW
Susan Froshauer
The world of biotechnology "start-ups" and entrepreneurship offers exciting new avenues for driving state-of-the-art research using an arsenal of multidisciplinary skills, whether your role is as part of a team or as a leader. Although traditionally these positions may not be as secure as those offered by some of the larger companies, the small start-up culture provides opportunities for contributing at many levels to a wide range of responsibilities: from scientific discovery to delivery of proof of concept and intellectual property; from analysis of market opportunities and competitive intelligence to creation of time lines and business plans for a first product...
November 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
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