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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934000/impact-of-preexisting-mental-illness-on-all-cause-and-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-breast-cancer
#1
Kristy Iglay, Melissa L Santorelli, Kim M Hirshfield, Jill M Williams, George G Rhoads, Yong Lin, Kitaw Demissie
Purpose Limited data are available on the survival of patients with breast cancer with preexisting mental illness, and elderly women are of special interest because they experience the highest incidence of breast cancer. Therefore, we compared all-cause and breast cancer-specific mortality for elderly patients with breast cancer with and without mental illness. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using SEER-Medicare data, including 19,028 women ≥ 68 years of age who were diagnosed with stage I to IIIa breast cancer in the United States from 2005 to 2007...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932462/crystal-structure-of-the-tetra-hydro-furan-disolvate-of-a-94-6-solid-solution-of-n-2-n-6-bis-di-tert-butyl-phosphan-yl-pyridine-2-6-di-amine-dibromido-manganese-ii-and-its-monophosphine-oxide-analogue
#2
Markus Rotter, Matthias Mastalir, Mathias Glatz, Berthold Stöger, Karl Kirchner
The MnBr2 complex of N(2),N(6)-bis-(di-tert-butyl-phosphan-yl)pyridine-2,6-di-amine (1·MnBr2) co-crystallizes with 5.69% of the monophosphine oxide analogue (1O·MnBr2) and two tetra-hydro-furan (THF) mol-ecules, namely [N(2),N(6)-bis-(di-tert-butyl-phosphan-yl)pyridine-2,6-di-amine]-dibromido-manganese(II)-[bis-(di-tert-butyl-phosphan-yl)({6-[(di-tert-butyl-phosphan-yl)amino]-pyridin-2-yl}amino)-phosphine oxide]di-bromido-manganese(II)-tetra-hydro-furan (0.94/0.06/2), [MnBr2(C21H41N3P2)]0.94[MnBr2(C21H41N3OP2)]0...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932438/crystal-structure-of-bis-1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-quinolin-3-yl-imino-methyl-%C3%AE%C2%BAn-1h-pyrazol-5-olato-%C3%AE%C2%BAo-zinc-methanol-2-5-solvate-from-synchrotron-x-ray-diffraction
#3
Anatoliy S Burlov, Valery G Vlasenko, Pavel V Dorovatovskii, Yan V Zubavichus, Victor N Khrustalev
The title compound, [Zn(C20H15N4O)2]·2.5CH3OH, I, was synthesized via the reaction of zinc acetate with the respective ligand and isolated as a methanol solvate, i.e., as I·2.5CH3OH. The crystal structure is triclinic (space group P-1), with two complex mol-ecules ( A and B ) and five methanol solvent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit. One of the five methanol solvent mol-ecules is disordered over two sets of sites, with an occupancy ratio of 0.75:0.25. Mol-ecules A and B are conformers and distinguished by the conformations of the bidentate 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-[(quinolin-3-yl)imino-meth-yl]-1H-pyrazol-5-olate ligands...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932437/coordination-compounds-containing-bis-di-thiol-ene-chelated-molybdenum-iv-and-oxalate-comparison-of-terminal-with-bridging-oxalate
#4
Agata Gapinska, Alan J Lough, Ulrich Fekl
Two coordination compounds containing tetra-n-butyl-ammonium cations and bis-tfd-chelated molybdenum(IV) [tfd(2-) = S2C2(CF3)2(2-)] and oxalate (ox(2-), C2O4(2-)) in complex anions are reported, namely bis-(tetra-n-butyl-ammonium) bis-(1,1,1,4,4,4-hexa-fluoro-but-2-ene-2,3-di-thiol-ato)oxalatomolybdate(IV)-chloro-form-oxalic acid (1/1/1), (C16H36N)2[Mo(C4F6S2)2(C2O4)]·CHCl3·C2H2O4 or (N (n) Bu4)2[Mo(tfd)2(ox)]·CHCl3·C2H2O4, and bis-(tetra-n-butyl-ammonium) μ-oxalato-bis-[bis-(1,1,1,4,4,4-hexa-fluoro-but-2-ene-2,3-di-thiol-ato)molybdate(IV)], (C16H36N)2[Mo2(C4F6S2)4(C2O4)] or (N (n) Bu4)2[(tfd)2Mo(μ-ox)Mo(tfd)2]...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932419/crystal-structure-of-bis-acetato-%C3%AE%C2%BA-2-o-o-di-aqua-1-pyridin-2-yl-methyl-idene-%C3%AE%C2%BAn-2-pyridin-2-yl-%C3%AE%C2%BAn-hydrazine-%C3%AE%C2%BAn-1-terbium-iii-nitrate-monohydrate
#5
NDiaye Mbossé Gueye, Dieng Moussa, Elhadj Ibrahima Thiam, Aliou Hamady Barry, Mohamed Gaye, Pascal Retailleau
In the title compound, [Tb(C2H3O2)2(C11H10N4)(H2O)2]NO3·H2O, the Tb(3+) ion is nine-coordinated in a distorted tricapped trigonal-prismatic geometry by the three N atoms of the tridentate 1-(pyridin-2-yl-methyl-idene)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazine ligand, four carboxyl-ate O atoms of two chelating acetate groups and two O atoms of the coordinating water mol-ecules. The organic hydrazine ligand is disordered over two orientations with a refined occupancy ratio of 0.52 (3):0.48 (3). All bond lengths in the coordination environment of the Tb(3+) ion are slightly larger than those observed in the isostructural Y(3+) and Er(3+) complexes...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930553/fetal-nucleic-acids-in-maternal-plasma-from-biology-to-clinical-translation
#6
Neha Bunkar, Arpit Bhargava, Koel Chaudhury, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Lohiya, Pradyumna Kumar Mishra
Exposure to environmental contaminants during the critical window of pregnancy results in deregulation of highly coordinated genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involved in prenatal growth. Such disturbances significantly alter the fetal programming, and lead to various developmental disorders immediately, over the lifetime, or transgenerationally. During the process of placental development, fetal nucleic acids enter maternal plasma as a result of necrotic, apoptotic, and inflammatory mechanisms. These nucleic acids reflect normal or abnormal ongoing cellular changes during prenatal fetal development...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#7
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926189/environmental-peer-pressure-cd4-t-cell-help-in-tolerance-and-transplantation
#8
REVIEW
Dana Tedesco, Arash Grakoui
The liver participates in a multitude of metabolic functions that are critical for sustaining human life. Despite constant encounters with antigenic-rich intestinal blood, oxidative stress and metabolic intermediates, there is no appreciable immune response. Interestingly, patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation benefit from a high rate of graft acceptance in comparison to other solid organ transplant recipients. In fact, co-transplantation of a donor liver in tandem with a rejection-prone graft increases the likelihood of graft acceptance...
September 19, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924202/coupling-and-dynamics-of-cortical-and-autonomic-signals-are-linked-to-central-inhibition-during-the-wake-sleep-transition
#9
Christine Ulke, Jue Huang, Justus T C Schwabedal, Galina Surova, Roland Mergl, Tilman Hensch
Maintaining temporal coordination across physiological systems is crucial at the wake-sleep transition. As shown in recent studies, the degree of coordination between brain and autonomic arousal influences attention, which highlights a previously unrecognised point of potential failure in the attention system. To investigate how cortical and autonomic dynamics are linked to the attentive process we analysed electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram and skin conductance data of 39 healthy adults recorded during a 2-h resting-state oddball experiment...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922520/a-review-of-joint-attention-and-social-cognitive-brain-systems-in-typical-development-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Peter Mundy
This article provides a review of the increasingly detailed literature on the neurodevelopment of joint attention. Many findings from this literature support and inform the hypothesis that the neurodevelopment of joint attention contributes to the functional development of neural systems for human social cognition. Joint attention begins to develop by 5 months of age and is tantamount to the ability to adopt a common perspective with another person. It involves a whole-brain system with nodes in the: (a) dorsal and medial frontal cortex, (b) orbital frontal/insula cortex, (c) anterior/ posterior cingulate cortex, (d) superior temporal cortex, (e) precuneus/parietal cortex, and (f) amygdala and striatum...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920915/revisiting-local-structural-changes-in-geo-sub-2-sub-glass-at-high-pressure
#11
Juncai Dong, HuRong Yao, Zhiying Guo, Quanjie Jia, Yan Wang, Pengfei An, Yu Gong, Yaxiang Liang, Dongliang Chen
Despite the great importance in fundamental and industrial fields, understanding structural changes for pressure-induced polyamorphism in network-forming glasses remains a formidable challenge. Here, we revisited the local structural transformations in GeO2 glass up to 54 GPa using x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy via a combination diamond anvil cell and polycapillary half-lens. Three polyamorphic transitions can be clearly identified by XAFS structure refinement. First, a progressive increase of the nearest Ge-O distance and bond disorder to a maximum at ~5-16 GPa, in the same pressure region of previously observed tetrahedral-octahedral transformation...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920762/measuring-dynamics-of-eukaryotic-transcription-initiation-challenges-insights-and-opportunities
#12
Zhengjian Zhang, Robert Tjian
Transcription of protein-encoding genes in eukaryotic cells is a dynamically coordinated process. Many of the key transcription regulators contain functionally essential intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs), the dynamic nature of which creates extra challenges to traditional biochemical analyses. Recent advances in single-molecule fluorescence imaging technology have enabled direct visualization of these rapid, complex and dynamic molecular interactions in real time.
September 18, 2017: Transcription
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919664/developmental-coordination-disorders-and-sensory-processing-and-integration-incidence-associations-and-co-morbidities
#13
Susan Allen, Jackie Casey
INTRODUCTION: Children with developmental coordination disorder or sensory processing and integration difficulties face challenges to participation in daily living. To date there has been no exploration of the co-occurrence of developmental coordination disorders and sensory processing and integration difficulties. METHOD: Records of children meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - V criteria for developmental coordination disorder (n = 93) age 5 to 12 years were examined...
September 2017: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919554/revisiting-the-wandering-womb-oxytocin-in-endometriosis-and-bipolar-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Natalie L Dinsdale, Bernard J Crespi
Hippocrates attributed women's high emotionality - hysteria - to a 'wandering womb'. Although hysteria diagnoses were abandoned along with the notion that displaced wombs cause emotional disturbance, recent research suggests that elevated levels of oxytocin occur in both bipolar disorder and endometriosis, a gynecological condition involving migration of endometrial tissue beyond the uterus. We propose and evaluate the hypothesis that elevated oxytocinergic system activity jointly contributes to bipolar disorder and endometriosis...
September 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918308/appropriateness-of-different-pedagogical-approaches-to-road-safety-education-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#15
C Purcell, A R Romijn
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 29% of pedestrians killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain were under 15 years of age. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), a chronic disorder affecting the acquisition and execution of motor skills, may be more vulnerable at the roadside than typically developing (TD) children. Current methods used to teach road safety are typically knowledge-based and do not necessarily improve behaviour in real traffic situations. Virtual reality road crossing tasks may be a viable alternative...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917097/development-of-motor-imagery-and-anticipatory-action-planning-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-longitudinal-approach
#16
Imke L J Adams, Jessica M Lust, Peter H Wilson, Bert Steenbergen
Children with impaired motor coordination (or Development Coordination Disorder - DCD) have difficulty with the predictive control of movements, evidenced by cross-sectional studies that show impaired motor imagery and action planning abilities. What remains unclear is whether this deficit in predictive control reflects immaturity of the motor system (a developmental delay) or some deviation from normal development (a disorder). To advance this discussion the present study used a longitudinal design to examine the development of motor imagery and action planning in children with DCD...
September 13, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916633/systems-genetics-identifies-a-co-regulated-module-of-liver-micrornas-associated-with-plasma-ldl-cholesterol-in-murine-diet-induced-dyslipidemia
#17
Alisha R Coffey, Tangi L Smallwood, Jody Albright, Kunjie Hua, Matt Kanke, Daniel Pomp, Brian J Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy
Chronically altered levels of circulating lipids, termed dyslipidemia, is a significant risk factor for a number of metabolic and cardiovascular morbidities. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important regulators of lipid balance, have been implicated in dyslipidemia, and have been proposed as candidate therapeutic targets in lipid-related disorders including atherosclerosis. A major limitation of most murine studies of miRNAs in lipid metabolic disorders is that they have been performed in just one (or very few) inbred strains, such as C57BL/6...
September 15, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915657/the-prevalence-subtypes-and-associated-factors-of-hyperuricemia-in-lupus-nephritis-patients-at-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-1-3
#18
Simeng Liu, Yijun Gong, Hong Ren, Wen Zhang, Xiaonong Chen, Tong Zhou, Xiao Li, Nan Chen
There is a high prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. However, there's a dearth of research on HUA's prevalence, subtypes, early detection, and treatment strategies of HUA in lupus nephritis (LN) patients. The aim of this study is to address these knowledge gaps. LN patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital from January 2011 to January 2016 were recruited. The effective sample size was derived using the power analysis. The demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the LN patients with HUA were compared with those of patients without HUA...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915470/emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-exploring-parent-and-teacher-reports
#19
Laura Crane, Emma Sumner, Elisabeth L Hill
BACKGROUND: Although characterised by motor impairments, children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) also show high rates of psychopathology (anxiety, depression, low self-esteem). Such findings have led to calls for the screening of mental health problems in this group. AIMS: To investigate patterns and profiles of emotional and behavioural problems in children with and without DCD, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Teachers and parents completed SDQs for 30 children with DCD (7-10 years)...
September 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911049/aberrant-hyperconnectivity-in-the-motor-system-at-rest-is-linked-to-motor-abnormalities-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#20
Sebastian Walther, Katharina Stegmayer, Andrea Federspiel, Stephan Bohlhalter, Roland Wiest, Petra V Viher
Motor abnormalities are frequently observed in schizophrenia and structural alterations of the motor system have been reported. The association of aberrant motor network function, however, has not been tested. We hypothesized that abnormal functional connectivity would be related to the degree of motor abnormalities in schizophrenia. In 90 subjects (46 patients) we obtained resting stated functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for 8 minutes 40 seconds at 3T. Participants further completed a motor battery on the scanning day...
September 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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