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Thayyath Sreenivasan Anirudhan, Anila Manasa Mohan
The aim of the present study was to develop a novel pH sensitive gelatin methacrylate hydrogel for the controlled delivery of Gentamicin (GS) and Ampicillin (Amp). GS and Amp having synergistic activity is effective in killing multi drug resistant bacteria. The hydrogel was well characterized using FTIR, XRD and SEM techniques. The drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were found to be 85.0 and 77.0% for GS, 79.0 and 88.0% for Amp, respectively. The invitro swelling, degradation and release profiles suggest the pH dependent behaviour of hydrogel...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
R Poonguzhali, S Khaleel Basha, V Sugantha Kumari
The present study was to develop a novel chitosan based symmetric and asymmetric bionanocomposite for potential wound dressing application. Chitosan (C)/Poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (P)/nanocellulose (NC) membrane were fabricated by salt leaching method with the addition of 3% and 5% wt of nanocellulose. To obtain asymmetric material one side of the membrane was coated by stearic acid (S) which could form hydrophobic surface and another side acts as a hydrophilic surface. Nanocellulose of size 2-10 nm was synthesized and characterized by TEM analysis...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
James Duehr, Silviana Lee, Gursewak Singh, Gregory A Foster, David Krysztof, Susan L Stramer, Maria C Bermúdez González, Eva Menichetti, Robert Geretschläger, Christian Gabriel, Viviana Simon, Jean K Lim, Florian Krammer
Recent reports in the scientific literature have suggested that anti-dengue virus (DENV) and anti-West Nile virus (WNV) immunity exacerbates Zika virus (ZIKV) pathogenesis in vitro and in vivo in mouse models. Large populations of immune individuals exist for a related flavivirus (tick-borne encephalitis virus [TBEV]), due to large-scale vaccination campaigns and endemic circulation throughout most of northern Europe and the southern Russian Federation. As a result, the question of whether anti-TBEV immunity can affect Zika virus pathogenesis is a pertinent one...
January 2018: MSphere
Aisha Kamal, Zafar Saeed Saify, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Priya Tufail, Aiman Kanwal, Faisal Khan, Sonia Siddiqui
In view of the well-documented medicinal properties of Calotropis procera (CP), the present study was designed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of the extract. We have prepared a methanolic extract of Calotropis procera and screen varying concentration of CP (20, 30, 40, 50 and 70μg/ml) for the stimulatory potency on neurite outgrowth. The stimulatory effect of CP on neurite outgrowth was assessed in primary hippocampal neurons. Neurite lengths were measured using optika provison analysis software. Neuritogenesis was further analyzed by immunostaining by using specific neuronal marker β III-tubulin...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
David E Maridas, Elizabeth Rendina-Ruedy, Phuong T Le, Clifford J Rosen
Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) constitute a cell population routinely used as a representation of mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. They reside within the bone marrow cavity alongside hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which can give rise to red blood cells, immune progenitors, and osteoclasts. Thus, extractions of cell populations from the bone marrow results in a very heterogeneous mix of various cell populations, which can present challenges in experimental design and confound data interpretation. Several isolation and culture techniques have been developed in laboratories in order to obtain more or less homogeneous populations of BMSCs and HSCs invitro...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Bogdan Panaitescu, Roberto Romero, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez, Yi Xu, Yaozhu Leng, Eli Maymon, Percy Pacora, Offer Erez, Lami Yeo, Sonia S Hassan, Chaur-Dong Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Upon inflammasome activation, the adaptor protein of the inflammasome apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) forms intracellular specks, which can be released into the extracellular space. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether: 1) extracellular ASC is present in the amniotic fluid of women who delivered at term; 2) amniotic fluid ASC concentrations are greater in women who underwent spontaneous labor at term than in those who delivered at term in the absence of labor; and 3) amniotic epithelial and mesenchymal cells can form intracellular ASC specks invitro...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Somenath Datta, Debanjali Dasgupta, Alip Ghosh, Suchandrima Ghosh, Alak Manna, Simanti Datta, Mitali Chatterjee, Abhijit Chowdhury, Soma Banerjee
Despite widespread distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-genotype D, the clinical implications of its ten subgenotypes (D1-D10) have not been well documented. Here, we have investigated the impact of two major circulating HBV/D subgenotypes, D1 and D3 in Eastern India towards pathogenesis of liver disease progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV subgenotypes were determined using full-length genome sequences of HBV isolates from patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis (LC) and HCC...
February 9, 2018: Carcinogenesis
Mohammad Mahdi Yaghooti Khorasani, Hamed Ebrahimnejad
Background. Digital radiography has widespread use in endodontics. Determining a correct working length is vital for a proper endodontic therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of conventional and digital radiographic techniques for root canal working length determination. Methods. After determining the real working lengths of 50 permanent maxillary central incisors (gold standard), the conventional (E- and F-speed films) and digital (CCD, PSP) images were obtained using the parallel technique...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Ankita Awasthi, Pharvendra Kumar, Chittur V Srikanth, Shakti Sahi, Rekha Puria
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancers diagnosed worldwide. Despite recent advances, resistance to cytotoxic and targeted therapy remains one of the greatest challenges in long-term management of colorectal cancer therapy. Recently established role of mTOR signaling in proliferation of CRC has incited for evaluation of mTOR kinase specific inhibitors in CRC therapy. Second generation mTOR kinase inhibitors including Torin2 has demonstrated efficient anticancer properties against variety of cancers and are in various stages of drug development...
November 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
S Ebrahimi, H Mollaei, R Hoshyar
The growing rate of cancer incidences and inefficiency of current therapies have made scientists to find novel agents such as medicinal plants. Ziziphus jujube is one of these plants whose pharmaceutical effects have been studied for a long time. Recent investigations have proved that bioactive compounds of Ziziphus jujube including triterpenic acids, flavonoids, cerebrosides, phenolic acids, α tocopherol, β carotene, and polysaccharides have anti-proliferative effects on several cancerous cell lines and animals...
October 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Suparna Rudra, Somnath Dasmandal, Chiranjit Patra, Biman Kumar Patel, Suvendu Paul, Ambikesh Mahapatra
The interaction between a synthesized dye with proteins, bovine, and human serum albumin (BSA, HSA, respectively) under physiological conditions has been characterized in detail, by means of steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence, UV-vis absorption, and circular dichroism (CD) techniques. An extensive time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopic characterization of the quenching process has been undertaken in conjugation with temperature-dependent fluorescence quenching studies to divulge the actual quenching mechanism...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Samiullah Khan, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Mahmood Ahmad, Mohammad Sohail
This study aimed to design a novel thermoreversible compact self-assembled host macromolecule based on β-cyclodextrin and low molecular weight ethylene glycol with a difunctional guest molecule i.e. poly (ethylene oxide)-poly (propylene oxide)-poly (ethylene oxide) tri-block co-polymer (Pluronic® 127) through host-guest inclusion complexation in aqueous media using cold method. The injectable thermoreversible self-assembled supramolecular hydrogel was developed to encapsulate hydrophobic curcumin as anti-malignant agent and for controlled delivery to systemic circulation after in vivo application through subcutaneous route...
January 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Olga Tšuiko, Maaike Catteeuw, Masoud Zamani Esteki, Aspasia Destouni, Osvaldo Bogado Pascottini, Urban Besenfelder, Vitezslav Havlicek, Katrien Smits, Ants Kurg, Andres Salumets, Thomas D'Hooghe, Thierry Voet, Ann Van Soom, Joris Robert Vermeesch
STUDY QUESTION: Is the rate and nature of chromosome instability (CIN) similar between bovine in vivo-derived and in vitro-cultured cleavage-stage embryos? SUMMARY ANSWER: There is a major difference regarding chromosome stability of in vivo-derived and in vitro-cultured embryos, as CIN is significantly lower in in vivo-derived cleavage-stage embryos compared to in vitro-cultured embryos. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: CIN is common during in vitro embryogenesis and is associated with early embryonic loss in humans, but the stability of in vivo-conceived cleavage-stage embryos remains largely unknown...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
Hee-Joo Choi, Hyeong-Seok Joo, Hee-Young Won, Kyueng-Whan Min, Hyung-Yong Kim, Taekwon Son, Young-Ha Oh, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Gu Kong
Background: Despite the benefit of endocrine therapy, acquired resistance during or after treatment still remains a major challenge in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We investigated the potential role of histone demethylase retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2) in endocrine therapy resistance of breast cancer. Methods: Survival of breast cancer patients according to RBP2 expression was analyzed in three different breast cancer cohorts including METABRIC (n = 1980) and KM plotter (n = 1764)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Bassir Leila, Saeid Nemati, Hajalizadeh Neda, Mashallah Khanehmasjedi
BACKGROUND: The remineralization of early caries lesion has an effective role on decreasing caries. For initial remineralization of caries lesion, using Compounds of Casein phosphopeptides (CPP) in different studies has been proposed. REMINPRO including Fluoride, Xylitol and Calcium phosphate has just been offered in the market. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of Reminpro and MI paste plus in terms of remineralization of early enamel lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 15 samples of healthy enamels of the maxillary first premolar teeth and 15 samples of Primary Mandibular First Molar under the effect of demineralized gel, artificial caries has been created...
2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
Tunyaluk Limsuwan, Prapaporn Boonme, Thanaporn Amnuaikit
The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for quantitative determination of phenylethyl resorcinol (PR) which was loaded in the novel vesicle carriers including ethosome, invasome and transfersome formulations, and permeated into pig skin membrane and receptor fluid for skin permeation study. The reverse-phase chromatography was carried out with a C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm2, 5 μm, HypersilTM, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc, USA) with the column temperature at 25°C. A mixture of acetonitrile-methanol-Milli-Q water in the ratio of 40:20:40%, v/v/v was used as a mobile phase by maintaining the flow rate at 0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Mitra Shokri, Reza Moradpour, Majid Malekzade Shafaroudi, Nourollah Rezaei, Shervin Ziabakhsh Tabary
INTRODUCTION: Integrity of the great saphenous vein (GSV) endothelium is the most important key element for long-term patency rate of grafts in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Storage solutions play an important role in maintaining viability of vein endothelium. Diminished nitric oxide (NO) because of endothelial dysfunction may facilitate vascular inflammation and formation of atherosclerotic plaque. AIM: So, we decided to find a reasonable alternative preservative solution instead of heparinized blood (HB) by measuring NO concentration with Griess assay...
June 2017: Medical Archives
Noam Erez, Einav Hubel, Roy Avraham, Raya Cohen, Sigal Fishman, Heike Bantel, Michael Manns, Boaz Tirosh, Isabel Zvibel, Oren Shibolet
Amiodarone is a commonly used antiarrhythmic drug and can cause liver steatosis. We investigated the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress/unfolded protein response in the pathogenesis of amiodarone-induced steatosis. Amiodarone-induced liver injury was obtained by 1 intraperitoneal injection to wild-type (WT) or C/EBP homologous protein knock-out mice (Ddit3-/-). Amiodarone directly reduced intracellular ATP and Ca2+ in hepatocytes invitro, inducing ER stress and lipid accumulation. In vivo, amiodarone-driven liver damage and lipid accumulation was accompanied by activation of ER stress/unfolded protein response, as demonstrated by up-regulation of genes encoding key ER stress mediators and by phosphorylation of eIF2α...
October 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Adriaan D Bastiaan Vliegenthart, Chunmin Wei, Charlotte Buckley, Cécile Berends, Carmelita M J de Potter, Sarah Schneemann, Jorge Del Pozo, Carl Tucker, John J Mullins, David J Webb, James W Dear
Triptolide is a vine extract used in traditional Chinese medicines and associated with hepatotoxicity. In vitro data suggest that inhibition of RNA synthesis may be the mechanism of toxicity. For studying drug-induced liver injury the zebrafish has experimental, practical and financial advantages compared with rodents. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of triptolide toxicity using zebrafish as the model system. The effect of triptolide exposure on zebrafish larvae was determined with regard to mortality, histology, expression of liver specific microRNA-122 and liver volume...
October 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Lei Yin, Hongye Wei, Shenxuan Liang, Xiaozhong Yu
Primary testicular cell coculture model has been used to evaluate testicular abnormalities during development, and was able to identify the testicular toxicity of phthalates. However, the primary testicular cell coculture model has disadvantages in employing animals for the isolation of testicular cells, and the complicated isolation procedure leads to inconsistent results. We developed an invitro testicular coculture model from rodent testicular cell lines, including spermatogonial cells, Sertoli cells, and Leydig cells with specified cell density and extracellular matrix (ECM) composition...
October 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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