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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318276/perception-of-partner-sexual-history-effects-on-safe-sex-intentions
#1
Talea Cornelius, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVE: Sexual intercourse is a dyadic activity, and intentions to engage in safe sex vary across partners. Because pregnant and newly parenting adolescents and young adults are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it is important to understand sexual decision-making in this population. METHOD: This cross-sectional study examined how participants' own risk behavior and their partners' risk behavior influence perceptions of partner risk, and the impact of risk perceptions on condom use intentions and monogamy intentions in 296 pregnant adolescent and young adult couples (MAgeFemale = 18...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314793/how-to-do-it-setting-up-an-asymptomatic-screening-pathway-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Sinead Cook, Nicola Lomax
Many STIs are known to disproportionately affect men who have sex with men (MSM) in the UK; therefore, regular asymptomatic screening that is easy to access is vital among this group. Asymptomatic screening pathways can reduce long clinic waits, which may encourage more people to attend for screening. We therefore developed and trialled an asymptomatic pathway for MSM within our service. This extended our previous pathway, which allowed asymptomatic service users to fill in a questionnaire and see a healthcare support worker, to include MSM, as it previously had not...
March 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303813/molecular-typing-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-an-overview
#3
REVIEW
Jyoti Rawre, Deepak Juyal, Benu Dhawan
Urogenital infection due to Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and is a major public health problem worldwide. Molecular characterisation of CT is important for understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of chlamydial disease and its transmission dynamics in sexual networks. Traditionally, strain typing of CT was based on serotyping methods characterising the major outer membrane protein (MOMP). With the advent of polymerase chain reaction and sequencing the era of molecular typing began...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302356/correlates-of-county-level-nonviral-sexually-transmitted-infection-hot-spots-in-the-us-application-of-hot-spot-analysis-and-spatial-logistic-regression
#4
Brian A Chang, William S Pearson, Kwame Owusu-Edusei
PURPOSE: We used a combination of hot spot analysis (HSA) and spatial regression to examine county-level hot spot correlates for the most commonly reported nonviral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the 48 contiguous states in the United States (US). METHODS: We obtained reported county-level total case rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis in all counties in the 48 contiguous states from national surveillance data and computed temporally smoothed rates using 2008-2012 data...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294529/sexual-risk-behavior-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-hiv-transmission-risks-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-approaches-for-medical-prevention
#5
Stefan Esser, Judith Krotzek, Henrike Dirks, Norbert Scherbaum, Dirk Schadendorf
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence rates of HIV and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) among MSM (men who have sex with men) in Germany since 2001 call for new approaches in medical prevention. The present study addresses appropriate parameters to identify those HIV-positive MSM who are at high risk for transmitting HIV and STIs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a two-year period, 223 HIV-positive MSM attending the HIV outpatient clinic at the University Medical Center Essen (Germany) were systematically surveyed with respect to their sexual behavior, substance abuse, and psychological well-being in the preceding year...
March 15, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293322/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-condom-use-and-its-cognitive-determinants-questionnaire-cucdq
#6
Arezoo Toopchian, Safieh Kanani, Towhid Babazadeh, Hamid Allahverdipour, Haidar Nadrian
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of Condom Use and its Cognitive Determinants Questionnaire (CUCDQ) among married women in Tabriz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, applying multistage cluster sampling 388 married women were recruited to participate in the study. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to develop CUCDQ. Face, content, and construct validity, as well as reliability, were investigated...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292454/adolescent-sexuality-updates-to-the-sexually-transmitted-infection-guidelines
#7
REVIEW
Zoon Wangu, Gale R Burstein
Adolescents are at high risk for acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STI) secondary to both cognitive and biological susceptibility. The prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs are a critical part of adolescent health care. This article discusses the most common bacterial, parasitic, and viral STIs encountered in this age group with an emphasis on new guidelines for screening and management.
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-experience-knowledge-and-problems-among-university-students-in-ambo-central-ethiopia
#8
Abenezer Yared, Zekariyas Sahile, Mulugeta Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Youths in universities are at high risk of STIs and SRH problems in Ethiopia. However, students did not perceive themselves at risk of STI/HIV infection though reports showed they were sexually active, had multiple sexual partners and reported symptoms of STIs. Having recognized the threat posed by SRH problems, this study aimed to assess the SRH experiences, knowledge, and problems among university students at Ambo University in Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambo University main campus from January to February 2015 using mixed approach of quantitative (survey) and qualitative (in-depth interview) methods...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291669/mycoplasma-genitalium-in-spain-prevalence-of-genital-infection-and-frequency-of-resistance-to-macrolides
#9
Alejandra Asenjo, Johannes G Kusters, Tim T Severs, Juan-Ignacio Alós
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium infection and the resistance to macrolides within a general population in Madrid in 2015. METHODS: We collected 359 urine samples from a general population with symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). All samples underwent a real-time PCR. For the detection of macrolide resistance, a 283bp fragment of region V of the 23S rRNA gene of M. genitalium was amplified and sequenced...
March 11, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285603/hiv-sti-risk-taking-sexual-behaviours-and-risk-perception-among-male-university-students-in-tehran-implications-for-hiv-prevention-among-youth
#10
Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani, Mohammad Mahdi Akhondi, Mehdi Shirzad, Ali Azin
Recent evidence indicates a rising trend in premarital sexual activity among young people in Iran. However, little is known about the extent to which young people's sexual behaviours expose them to HIV and STI risks. This study aimed to assess HIV/STI-related sexual risk-taking behaviours (correlates and determinants) and HIV/STI risk perception among male university students in Tehran. A representative sample of male university students (N=1322) studying in government and private Tehran universities completed an anonymous questionnaire survey in 2013-14...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282654/approach-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-men-at-an-urban-urgent-care-center
#11
Sarah B Schechter, Dina L Romo, Alwyn T Cohall, Natalie M Neu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates have increased among men. Urgent care centers are increasingly common sites for medical care. The objectives of this study are to describe practices surrounding STI testing at an urban urgent care center. METHODS: Electronic medical record data were analyzed for men ages 20 to 55 years seen at the urgent care center of a large urban hospital from June 7, 2011, to April 30, 2015 (n = 10,983). A subset of charts was reviewed to assess sexual history documentation (n = 906)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282646/point-of-care-sexually-transmitted-infection-diagnostics-proceedings-of-the-star-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinical-trial-group-programmatic-meeting
#12
Anthony D Cristillo, Claire C Bristow, Rosanna Peeling, Barbara Van Der Pol, Sasha Herbst de Cortina, Ivan K Dimov, Nitika Pant Pai, Dong Jin Shin, Ricky Y T Chiu, Catherine Klapperich, Purnima Madhivanan, Sheldon R Morris, Jeffrey D Klausner
The goal of the point-of-care (POC) sexually transmitted infection (STI) Diagnostics meeting was to review the state-of-the-art research and develop recommendations for the use of POC STI diagnostics. Experts from academia, government, nonprofit, and industry discussed POC diagnostics for STIs such as Chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Treponema pallidum. Key objectives included a review of current and emerging technologies, clinical and public health benefits, POC STI diagnostics in developing countries, regulatory considerations, and future areas of development...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281918/lifetime-sexual-assault-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-women-veterans
#13
Vinita Goyal, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, James C Torner, Craig H Syrop, Anne G Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Women veterans report a high prevalence of sexual assault. Unfortunately, there are limited data on the reproductive health sequelae faced by these women. Our objective was to evaluate the association between completed lifetime sexual assault (LSA) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among a cohort of women veterans, adjusting for sexual risk behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study among women veterans aged 51 years or younger who enrolled for care at two Veterans Administration (VA) healthcare sites between 2000 and 2008...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280394/addressing-intravaginal-practices-in-women-with-hiv-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#14
Maria L Alcaide, Violeta J Rodriguez, Margaret A Fischl, Deborah L Jones, Stephen M Weiss
Intravaginal practices (IVPs), include intravaginal cleansing (cleansing the inside of the vagina) or intravaginal insertion of products for hygiene, health or sexuality reasons. IVPs are associated with adverse female health outcomes, development of bacterial vaginosis, HIV acquisition and transmission. A mixed methods approach was used in this study to examine the prevalence of IVP, assess reasons for engagement, and perceptions of IVP among a sample of minority (African-American and Hispanic) women infected, or at-risk, for HIV in Miami, USA, a city with increasing numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276939/controlling-anxiety-mediates-the-influence-of-childhood-adversities-on-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-emerging-adults
#15
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Edmond Pui-Hang Choi, Claudia Kor-Yee Chan, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong
Relatively little research has assessed the exposure-response relationship of childhood adversities on engaging in risky sexual behaviors. Also, no previous research has examined the interrelationship among childhood adversities, adult anxiety and depressive symptoms, and risky sexual behaviors. This study aimed to investigate their interrelationships. We used data from a multisite survey of emerging adults aged 18 to 29 studying at four universities in Hong Kong between September and December 2015. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the pathways from childhood adversities to risky sexual behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276933/safer-sex-in-later-life-qualitative-interviews-with-older-australians-on-their-understandings-and-practices-of-safer-sex
#16
Bianca Fileborn, Graham Brown, Anthony Lyons, Sharron Hinchliff, Wendy Heywood, Victor Minichiello, Sue Malta, Catherine Barrett, Pauline Crameri
Rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are increasing in older cohorts in Western countries such as Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, suggesting a need to examine the safer sex knowledge and practices of older people. This article presents findings from 53 qualitative interviews from the study Sex, Age, and Me: A National Study of Sex and Relationships Among Australians Aged 60+. Participants were recruited through an online national survey. We consider how participants understood "safer sex," the importance of safer sex to them, the safer sex practices they used (and the contexts in which they used them), and the barriers to using safer sex...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270536/relationships-between-neighbourhood-characteristics-and-current-sti-status-among-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-women-living-in-the-southern-usa-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-analysis
#17
Danielle F Haley, Michael R Kramer, Adaora A Adimora, Regine Haardörfer, Gina M Wingood, Christina Ludema, Anna Rubtsova, DeMarc A Hickson, Zev Ross, Elizabeth Golub, Hector Bolivar, Hannah Lf Cooper
OBJECTIVES: Neighbourhood characteristics (eg, high poverty rates) are associated with STIs among HIV-uninfected women in the USA. However, no multilevel analyses investigating the associations between neighbourhood exposures and STIs have explored these relationships among women living with HIV infection. The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine relationships between neighbourhood characteristics and current STI status and (2) investigate whether the magnitudes and directions of these relationships varied by HIV status in a predominantly HIV-infected cohort of women living in the Southern USA...
March 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259621/long-term-improvements-in-knowledge-and-psychosocial-factors-of-a-teen-pregnancy-prevention-intervention-implemented-in-group-homes
#18
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Minggen Lu, Kristen D Clements-Nolle
PURPOSE: Youth in out-of-home care have higher rates of sexual risk behaviors and pregnancy than youth nationally. This study aimed to determine if Power Through Choices (PTC), a teen pregnancy prevention program developed for youth in out-of-home care, significantly improves knowledge and psychosocial outcomes regarding HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), sexual activity and contraception methods, long term. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted with 1,036 ethnically diverse youths (aged 13-18 years) recruited from 44 residential group homes in three states...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257513/effect-of-mycoplasma-hominis-and-cytomegalovirus-infection-on-pregnancy-outcome-a-prospective-study-of-200-mongolian-women-and-their-newborns
#19
Byambaa Otgonjargala, Kathrin Becker, Gunchin Batbaatar, Sandag Tsogtsaikhan, Jamsranjav Enkhtsetseg, Altangerel Enkhjargal, Klaus Pfeffer, Ortwin Adams, Chimeddorj Battogtokh, Birgit Henrich
In Mongolia, diagnostic tests for the detection of the sexually transmitted mycoplasmas, ureaplasmas, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) are currently not routinely used in clinical settings and the frequency of these STIs are enigmatic. The prevalence of these STI pathogens were prospectively evaluated among 200 Mongolian pregnant women and their newborns and correlated with pregnancy outcome. TaqMan PCRs were used to detect bacterial and viral STI pathogens in pre-birth vaginal swabs of the pregnant women and in oral swabs of their newborns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247621/-combination-therapy-of-chronic-bacterial-prostatitis
#20
A A Khryanin, O V Reshetnikov
The article discusses the possible etiological factors in the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis. The authors presented a comparative long-term analysis of morbidity from non-viral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Russia. Against the background of general decline in STIs incidence, a significant percentage of them is made up by urogenital trichomoniasis. The findings substantiated the advantages of combination therapy (ornidazole and ofloxacin) for bacterial urinary tract infections.
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
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