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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812306/barber-led-sexual-health-education-intervention-for-black-male-adolescents-and-their-fathers
#1
Schenita D Randolph, Terrence Pleasants, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda
OBJECTIVE: To explore barbers' attitudes and beliefs regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a barber- led STI/HIV risk reduction intervention for fathers and their preadolescent and adolescent sons. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Twenty-two barbers were recruited from barbershops and a barber school in central North Carolina. MEASURES: A combination of five focus groups and two key informant interviews were conducted...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812057/screening-for-syphilis-in-cases-of-suspected-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-infections
#2
Kumara V Nibhanipudi, Kenneth Cody
Background. In all cases of suspected sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it has been routine practice to screen for syphilis with a blood sample. The incidence of syphilis seems to be lower than that of commonly screened STIs. Objective. The objective of our study was to determine whether it is cost-effective to screen for syphilis with serological testing in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. Hypothesis. Our hypothesis is that it is not cost-effective to screen for syphilis in cases of presumed gonorrhea and chlamydia infections...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809773/a-macaque-model-for-rectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-and-non-lymphogranuloma-venereum-chlamydia-trachomatis-impact-on-rectal-simian-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquisition
#3
Sundaram Ajay Vishwanathan, Rachael D Aubert, Monica R Morris, Chunxia Zhao, Christi Philips, George M Khalil, Frank Deyounks, Kristen Kelley, Jana M Ritter, C Y Chen, Ellen N Kersh, Janet M McNicholl
BACKGROUND: Sustained genital tract inflammation caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is known to increase risk of vaginal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections but, to our knowledge, there are no nonhuman primate studies that have evaluated its link to rectal HIV acquisition. METHODS: Rhesus macaques inoculated with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) (serovars LGV-L2 and CT-E; n = 7) or saline (n = 7) received up to 20 rectal challenges twice a week of simian/HIV immunodeficiency virus (SHIVSF162p3)...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806985/parents-and-teachers-views-on-sexual-health-education-and-screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-in-school-adolescent-girls-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#4
George Wanje, Linnet Masese, Ethel Avuvika, Anisa Baghazal, Grace Omoni, R Scott McClelland
BACKGROUND: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents' and teachers' attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs)...
August 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806354/trends-in-adult-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-prevalence-incidence-and-urethral-discharge-case-reporting-in-morocco-over-1995-2015-estimates-using-the-spectrum-sexually-transmitted-infection-model
#5
Amina El-Kettani, Guy Mahiané, Aziza Bennani, Laith Abu-Raddad, Alex Smolak, Jane Rowley, Nico Nagelkerke, Houssine El-Rhilani, Kamal Alami, Amina Hançali, Eline Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Evolving health priorities and resource constraints mean that countries require data on sexually transmitted infections (STI) trends to inform program planning and resource allocation. METHODS: The Spectrum modeling tool estimated prevalence and incidence of gonorrhea and chlamydia in Morocco's 15- to 49-year-old population, based on prevalence surveys. Incident cases, broken down between symptomatic and asymptomatic, and treated versus untreated, were compared with urethral discharge (UD) case reports, to estimate reporting completeness among treated UD cases...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801483/characteristics-of-youth-agreeing-to-electronic-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-assessment-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Fahd A Ahmad, Donna B Jeffe, Katie Plax, Kenneth B Schechtman, Dwight E Doerhoff, Jane M Garbutt, David M Jaffe
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents and young adults are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We previously reported an increase in STI testing of adolescents in our ED by obtaining a sexual history using an Audio-enhanced Computer-Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI). We now examine associations among demographics, sexual behaviour, chief complaint and willingness to be tested. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in a paediatric ED between April and December 2011...
August 11, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799824/high-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-pregnant-women-in-a-low-income-south-african-community
#7
Maanda Mudau, Remco P Peters, Lindsey De Vos, Dawie H Olivier, Dvora J Davey, Edwin S Mkwanazi, James A McIntyre, Jeffrey D Klausner, Andrew Medina-Marino
There is a lack of evidence on the burden of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of HIV-infected pregnant women in two healthcare facilities in a South African township to determine the prevalence of CT, NG and TV. HIV-infected pregnant women were recruited during the first antenatal care visit for their current pregnancy and requested to self-collect vulvovaginal swab specimens...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797278/hiv-prevalence-and-high-risk-behaviour-of-young-brothel-and-non-brothel-based-female-sex-workers-in-nigeria
#8
Uchenna Onyekachi Okafor, Rik Crutzen, Okekearu Ifeanyi, Sylvia Adebajo, Hubertus Van den Borne
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a core group in the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Young FSWs are particularly more vulnerable to HIV due to the combination of vulnerabilities associated with their youth and the sex work they engage in. This study aims to give more insight into HIV prevalence and sexual risk behaviour of young FSWs in Nigeria, by focusing on the differences between BB and NBB young FSWs. METHODS: Data was obtained from the Nigeria Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey (IBBSS) for high-risk groups conducted in 2010...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793851/protective-behaviours-among-young-african-american-women-with-non-monogamous-sexual-partners
#9
Ashley C Lima, Karen Hilyard, Teaniese Latham Davis, Kathleen de Marrais, William L Jeffries, Jessica Legge Muilenburg
In the USA, partner non-monogamy is reported to be more common among African American women than White women and may contribute to African American women's increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Few studies have explicitly and comprehensively described the protective behaviours that African American women employ with non-monogamous partners to reduce their HIV risk. We conducted interviews to examine protective behaviours among 11 African American women aged 18-24 years who perceived that a partner in the preceding 12 months had another sex partner...
August 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792280/social-stressors-and-intoxicated-sex-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-drawn-from-seven-countries
#10
Anna N Chard, Nicholas S Metheny, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, gay social network size, and social stress among an online sample of MSM drawn from seven countries. METHODS: Sexually-active MSM aged over 18 residing in Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Thailand, the United Kingdom, or the United States were recruited through Facebook for a quantitative survey (n = 2,403) in 2012...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776464/internet-recruitment-for-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-eastern-europe
#11
Cara Mangine, Aigi Kukk, Helen Noormets, Jaak Jänes, Kristi Rüütel
Men who have sex with men (MSM) face negative health outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) at disproportionate rates. Nonetheless, infections may be underestimated due to limited uptake in testing. To increase testing, screening interventions have been utilized in the past; however, some have resulted in limitations such as poor recruitment. To increase recruitment for screening of MSM in Estonia, two different recruitment strategies were examined. Recruitment was separated into two promotional periods: passive and active...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776463/prevalence-and-impact-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-pregnant-women-in-central-ethiopia
#12
Andreas Schönfeld, Torsten Feldt, Tafese B Tufa, Hans M Orth, André Fuchs, Million G Mesfun, Frieder Pfäfflin, Tamara Nordmann, Matthias Breuer, Monika Hampl, Dieter Häussinger
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue and omnipresent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the risk of HIV acquisition. Moreover, STIs and HIV in pregnant women can harm the unborn child. In this study, we systematically investigated the prevalence of HIV, relevant STIs and vaginal group B streptococcus colonization among pregnant women presenting at Asella Teaching Hospital in central Ethiopia and their effect on perinatal mortality. A follow-up was performed six weeks after delivery...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771856/does-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-change-risk-behavior-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Kellie Freeborn, Carmen J Portillo
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV has been available since 2012. Even so, PrEP has not been widely accepted among healthcare providers and MSM some of whom are convinced that PrEP decreases condom use, and increases sexually transmitted infections (STIs). DESIGN: A systematic review of the state of the evidence regarding the association of PrEP with condom use, STI incidence and change in sexual risk behaviors in MSM. A structured search of databases resulted in 142 potential citations, but only ten publications met inclusion criteria and underwent data abstraction and critical appraisal...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768469/novel-outreach-settings-to-enhance-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-awareness-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-hard-to-reach-populations
#14
T Lampejo, R Turner, C Roberts, K Allen, L Watson, L Caverley-Frost, P Scott, E Ostridge, G Cooney, J Hardy, K Nulty, S Day
Despite recent rises in the number of cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as syphilis and gonorrhoea in England and increasing rates of HIV diagnosis among several men who have sex with men populations, many individuals are still not engaging with sexual health services. The John Hunter Clinic for Sexual Health, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London set up outreach clinics at the two world's largest adult lifestyle exhibitions in 2013 and 2015. This was the first time that a sexual health screening and promotion service was available at these large-scale (over 10,000 attendees at each) adult lifestyle events...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767262/framing-our-social-disaster-narratives-of-disease-and-sexuality-in-turkey-s-early-republic
#15
Emine Ö Evered, Kyle T Evered
For the early Turkish republic, resource shortages, illiteracy, and geography combined to hamper any achievement of the immediate and universal diffusion of state-authored lessons in public health throughout the country's populace. One of the first steps taken to overcome these obstacles involved the production and publication of a medical atlas. Ideally, this text would serve both to standardize care provided by the state's health professionals and to inform the entire population of their public health obligations and compel their compliance; longer lives, prosperity, and a stronger nation were the promised outcomes...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766026/rectal-douching-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-paris-implications-for-hiv-sti-risk-behaviors-and-rectal-microbicide-development
#16
H Rhodes Hambrick, Su Hyun Park, William C Goedel, Jace G Morganstein, Noah T Kreski, Ofole Mgbako, Dustin T Duncan
Rectal douching is a common but potentially risky practice among MSM; MSM who douche may be ideal candidates for rectal microbicides as HIV prevention. Herein we explored rectal douching and its association with condomless receptive anal intercourse (CRAI), group sex, rates of HIV and other STIs, and likelihood to use rectal microbicide gels. We recruited a sample of 580 MSM from a geosocial-networking smartphone application in Paris, France in 2016. Regression models estimated adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) for associations between rectal douche use and (1) engagement in CRAI, (2) group sex, (3) self-reported HIV and STI diagnoses, and (4) likelihood to use rectal microbicide gels for HIV prevention...
August 1, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762558/mycoplasma-genitalium-an-agent-of-reemerging-sexually-transmitted-infections
#17
Sophie Edouard, Hervé Tissot-Dupont, Grégory Dubourg, Annick Bernard, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Isabelle Ravaux, Andreas Stein, Didier Raoult
M. genitalium is a reemerging microorganism, responsible for sexually transmissible infections (STIs), with prevalence which varies depending on the country and population group studied. We report here M. genitalium prevalence among the specimens received for STI diagnosis in our routine microbiological laboratory in the university hospital in Marseille, France. We tested 4 624 samples from 3 793 patients using qPCR for M. genitalium, C. trachomatis, N. gonorrheae, T. pallidum. Of these samples, 528 (13.6%) patients were tested positive for at least one pathogen and 126 (3...
August 1, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762120/-the-zanzu-web-portal-a%C3%A2-contribution-to-the-sexual-health-of-migrants
#18
REVIEW
Ilona Renner, Christine Winkelmann
BACKGROUND: "Zanzu - my body in words and images" - zanzu.de is a multilingual web portal that brings together information about different aspects of sexual health. It was developed to address specific needs of migrants, including barriers to access. Zanzu provides quality-assured information on the topics of body, sexuality, HIV/STIs, family planning, sexuality and rights. METHOD: A few months after launching the web portal, a formative evaluation was conducted...
July 31, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758569/association-between-self-reported-sexually-transmitted-infection-treatment-and-mental-health-symptoms-in-conflict-affected-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#19
Erica Koegler, Caitlin E Kennedy, Carol B Thompson, Peter J Winch, Remy M Mpanano, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
Although poor mental health has been associated with sexual risk behavior, few studies have examined the association between mental health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in conflict-affected settings. With elevated symptoms of poor mental health in conflict-affected settings, it is important to consider if and how mental health may be a risk factor for STIs in these settings. We used cross-sectional logistic regression to examine the association between symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with having been treated for an STI in rural South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754104/syphilis-and-hiv-prevalence-and-associated-factors-to-their-co-infection-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-viruses-prevalence-among-female-sex-workers-in-rwanda
#20
Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, David J Riedel, Joseph Ntaganira
BACKGROUND: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), syphilis, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) are sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and share modes of transmission. These infections are generally more prevalent among female sex workers (FSWs). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among female sex workers (FSWs) in Rwanda in 2015. Venue-Day-Time (VDT) sampling method was used in recruiting participants. HIV, syphilis, HBV, and HCV testing were performed...
July 28, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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