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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326373/hepatitis-a-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-hiv-prep-in-paris
#1
Pauline Penot, Marie-Alice Colombier, Sarah Maylin, Jean-Michel Molina
The current hepatitis A outbreak in Europe is largely involving men having sex with multiple male partners. The objective of the present report was to warn teams dealing against the persistent risk of viral and bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STIs) in patients receiving HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We have notified and investigated three cases of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in people receiving HIV PrEP in our clinic between December 2016 and March 2017. The patients were not epidemiologically related, had no recent travel history to HAV endemic areas, reported multiple STIs during this period and had not been vaccinated against HAV...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326177/stis-in-sex-partners-notified-for-chlamydia-exposure-implications-for-expedited-partner-therapy
#2
Fleur van Aar, Birgit H B van Benthem, Ingrid V F van den Broek, Hannelore M Götz
OBJECTIVES: Expedited partner therapy (EPT) may reduce chlamydia reinfection rates. However, the disadvantages of EPT for chlamydia include missing the opportunity to test for other STIs and unnecessary use of antibiotics among non-infected partners. As part of a larger study that investigated the feasibility of EPT in the Netherlands, we explored the frequency of STI among a potential EPT target population of chlamydia-notified heterosexual men and women attending STI clinics for testing...
January 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320494/sexually-transmitted-infections-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-based-hiv-prevention-priorities-for-discovery-research-implementation-science-and-community-involvement
#3
Jeanne M Marrazzo, Julia C Dombrowski, Kenneth H Mayer
Jeanne M. Marrazzo and colleagues join PLOS Medicine's Collection on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs with a Perspective on HIV research imperatives in our time of effective viral suppression and pre-exposure prophylaxis.
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320493/from-macro-to-microfactors-in-health-social-science-approaches-in-research-on-sexually-transmitted-infections
#4
Ruth Kutalek, Elena Jirovsky, Igor Grabovac
Ruth Kutalek and colleagues share their Perspective on Kipruto Chesang and colleagues' qualitative study of beliefs and practices among healthcare providers managing STIs in Kenya and discuss the value of this type of research for addressing biosocial challenges.
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320464/sti-knowledge-in-berlin-adolescents
#5
Frederik Tilmann von Rosen, Antonella Juline von Rosen, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Inken Damberg, Peter Tinnemann
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) pose a significant threat to individual and public health. They disproportionately affect adolescents and young adults. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed self-rated and factual STI knowledge in a sample of 9th graders in 13 secondary schools in Berlin, Germany. Differences by age, gender, migrant background, and school type were quantified using bivariate and multivariable analyses. A total of 1177 students in 61 classes participated. The mean age was 14.6 (SD = 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315111/the-growing-epidemic-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-neglected-population
#6
Chelsea L Shannon, Jeffrey D Klausner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence is on the rise in the United States. The increase is especially pronounced in adolescents (15-24 years of age). Despite making up only a quarter of the population, adolescents account for approximately half of new STIs in the United States every year. This review summarizes recent developments in the field of STIs, excluding HIV, in adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we examine the epidemiology, screening, management, and prevention of STIs in adolescents...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306870/gender-differences-in-the-well-being-of-patients-diagnosed-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Nirina Andersson, Helena Carré, Urban Janlert, Jens Boman, Elisabet Nylander
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate how an infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) influenced patients' well-being and whether there were differences due to gender, age or relationship status, in an effort to strengthen preventive measures and provide better healthcare for patients with CT. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with CT in the county of Västerbotten, Sweden, were asked to fill out a questionnaire about their feelings, thoughts and actions after CT diagnosis...
January 6, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304083/combined-evaluation-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-and-infant-hiv-transmission
#8
Kristina Adachi, Jiahong Xu, Nava Yeganeh, Margaret Camarca, Mariza G Morgado, D Heather Watts, Lynne M Mofenson, Valdilea G Veloso, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Mariana Ceriotto, Daisy Maria Machado, Yvonne J Bryson, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jack Moye, Jeffrey D Klausner, Claire C Bristow, Ruth Dickover, Mark Mirochnick, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Treponema pallidum (TP), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) may lead to adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. The role of combined maternal STIs in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) was evaluated in mother-infant pairs from NICHD HPTN 040. METHODOLOGY: Urine samples from HIV-infected pregnant women during labor were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for CT, NG, and CMV...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302554/sexual-behavior-of-adolescent-students-in-chandigarh-and-their-perceptions-regarding-family-life-education
#9
Dinesh Kumar, Naveen Krishan Goel, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Abhik K Ghosh
Background: With rapidly changing lifestyle and exposure to the Internet and mass media, lifestyle and sexual behavior of adolescent students are also changing rapidly. Objectives: To investigate the sexual behavior of adolescent students and to study misconceptions prevailing among them. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1022 adolescent students aged 14-19 years as a part of an Indian Council of Medical Research sponsored survey. Sexual behavior explored by interview method...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302531/need-for-revisiting-the-role-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-in-government-hospitals-in-india
#10
Madhulekha Bhattacharya, Hema Gogia
Introduction: The Government of India provides treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through government's sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics with the mandate of providing curative and preventive services for clients in the context of STIs. However, besides the patients suffering from STDs, other clients with problems related to reproductive and sexual health also attend these clinics. This study aimed to assess the profile and treatment-seeking behavior of clients attending STD clinics in government hospitals in India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301669/sexually-transmitted-infection-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#11
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Ya-Mei Bai, Nai-Ying Ko, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Tai-Long Pan, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is related to risky sexual behaviors, which have been regarded as a major risk factor of sexually transmitted infection (STI). However, the association between ADHD and subsequent STIs remains unknown. METHOD: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 17,898 adolescents and young adults who were diagnosed with ADHD by psychiatrists and 71,592 age- and sex-matched comparisons without ADHD were enrolled from 2001 through 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298252/adolescent-attitudes-toward-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Addison S Gearhart, Gia M Badolato, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents who seek care in emergency departments (EDs) are often at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The objective of this study was to assess adolescent attitudes toward ED-based STI screening. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study that evaluated STI screening acceptability and prevalence when STI testing was universally offered to asymptomatic adolescents presenting to the ED for care. Adolescents 14 to 21 years old completed a computerized survey and answered questions regarding attitudes toward ED-based STI screening and sexual behavior...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295809/feasibility-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-the-homework-intervention-strategy-ehis-program-to-enhance-male-condom-use-research-protocol
#13
Marta Glowacka, Lucy Yardley, Nicole Stone, Cynthia A Graham
BACKGROUND: Although condoms are effective in reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they are still often not used consistently and correctly. Negative impact on sensation and pleasure, ruining the mood, causing problems with maintaining erection, and condom slippage or breakage are some of the reasons given by men explaining why they do not want to use condoms. Although many interventions promoting condom use exist, some of them delivered online are complex and time- and resource-intensive...
January 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295020/disclosing-sex-trading-histories-to-providers-barriers-and-facilitators-to-navigation-of-social-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#14
Lara Gerassi, Tonya E Edmond, Vanessa Fabbre, Abby Howard, Andrea J Nichols
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV. Consequently, engagement with services that address addiction, mental health, and housing, and provide general advocacy is critically important to women's increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to service access and engagement with social services among women involved in CSE...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294709/masculine-gender-ideologies-intimate-partner-violence-and-alcohol-use-increase-risk-for-genital-tract-infections-among-men
#15
Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Balaiah Donta, Anindita Dasgupta, Paul J Fleming, Mohan Ghule, Battala Madhusudana, Saritha Nair, Jay G Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, Anita Raj
Masculine gender ideologies are thought to underlie alcohol use, intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, and sexual risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We extend on studies in the Indian context by examining the roles of masculine gender ideologies, alcohol use, and IPV on three outcomes of HIV risk (condom use, genital tract infection [GTI] symptoms, and GTI diagnosis). We applied logistic regression models to cross-sectional data of men and their wives in rural Maharashtra, India ( n = 1,080 couples)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284505/factors-related-to-healthy-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-in-undergraduate-students-at-university-of-seville-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Fátima Leon-Larios, Juana Macías-Seda
BACKGROUND: Young people are a group of population with sexual risk-taking behaviors. Despite efforts to inform them it is common for them to adopt risk conducts during their stay at University. The aim of this research was to assess knowledge, attitudes and experiences on sexual health and contraceptives and factors related to risk behaviors in university students. METHODS: A cross- sectional analytical study was carried out from February to April 2014 among undergraduate students at University of Seville...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281636/healthcare-provider-perspectives-on-managing-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-hiv-care-settings-in-kenya-a-qualitative-thematic-analysis
#17
Kipruto Chesang, Sureyya Hornston, Odylia Muhenje, Teresa Saliku, Joy Mirjahangir, Amanda Viitanen, Helgar Musyoki, Christine Awuor, George Githuka, Naomi Bock
BACKGROUND: The burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has been increasing in Kenya, as is the case elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, while measures for control and prevention are weak. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe healthcare provider (HCP) knowledge and practices, (2) explore HCP attitudes and beliefs, (3) identify structural and environmental factors affecting STI management, and (4) seek recommendations to improve the STI program in Kenya. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using individual in-depth interviews (IDIs), data were obtained from 87 HCPs working in 21 high-volume comprehensive HIV care centers (CCCs) in 7 of Kenya's 8 regions...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281632/the-vaginal-microbiome-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-are-interlinked-consequences-for-treatment-and-prevention
#18
Janneke H H M van de Wijgert
In a Perspective for our Collection on STI research, Janneke van de Wijgert discusses the latest on how the vaginal microbiota predisposes women to acquisition of STIs and discusses future potential for clinical intervention.
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262291/diagnosis-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-mycoplasma-genitalium-an-observational-study-of-testing-patterns-prevalence-and-co-infection-rates-in-northern-new-zealand
#19
Arlo Upton, Liselle Bissessor, Peter Lowe, Xiaoying Wang, Gary McAuliffe
Background: This study sought to determine community prevalence, epidemiology and testing patterns for sexually transmissible infections (STI) in northern New Zealand. Methods: A total of 2643 samples submitted for STI testing between 26 November 2015 and 7 December 2015 underwent analysis by Aptima Combo 2 (Hologic, San Diego, CA, USA), Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) assays. Results were analysed by patient demographics. Results: Four hundred and eleven pathogens were detected from 359 patients, with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), TV, and MG detected in 178 (6...
December 21, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259388/genital-tract-infections-in-an-isolated-community-100-women-of-the-pr%C3%A3-ncipe-island
#20
Pedro Vieira-Baptista, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Gert Bellen, Carlos Sousa, Conceição Saldanha, Davy Vanden Broeck, John-Paul Bogers, Gilbert Donders
Objective: To characterize the vaginal microbiome and the rate of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the women of Príncipe (São Tomé and Príncipe). Methods: Cross-sectional study of 100 consecutive women, invited for a free appointment and cervical cancer screening. A vaginal slide (wet mount microscopy) and a cervical sample (ThinPrep®) (Pap test, high risk human papillomavirus [HR-HPV], N. gonorrhea [NG], T. vaginalis [TV], and C. trachomatis [CT]) were obtained...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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