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echocardiography in diabetic patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909280/-cardiac-failure-developing-eleven-years-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-report-of-a-case
#1
Shingo Taguchi, Takashi Hachiya, Katsuhisa Onoguchi, Makoto Hanai, Makoto Sumi, Masataka Yamazaki, Masahito Yamashiro
We report a rare case of cardiac failure for intrapericardial hematoma 11 years after coronary artery bypass grafting. A 59-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with cardiac tamponade. Echocardiography and computed tomography scan showed severe compression of the left ventricle(LV) by a large mass sized about 5×8 cm. Coronary angiography showed total occlusion at circumflex branch (Cx) #11. The mass was diagnosed with intrapericardial hematoma. We performed removal of hematoma in the pericardial cavity, and removed hematoma had 126 g...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894255/silent-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-everyday-practice-a-clinical-and-echocardiographic-study
#2
Brane Loncarevic, Danijela Trifunovic, Ivan Soldatovic, Bosiljka Vujisic-Tesic
BACKGROUND: Whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in the absence of hypertension (HTA) and coronary artery disease (CAD) affects left ventricular (LV) phenotype and function among asymptomatic DM patients that can be easily discovered in everyday practice, what is the clinical risk profile for diabetic cardiomyopathy and how HTA and CAD modulate LV structure and function above diabetic cardiomyopathy, are still incompletely answered questions. METHODS: In 210 DM patients (group I: 70 asymptomatic DM patients without HTA and CAD; group II: 70 DM patients with HTA and no CAD; group III: 70 DM patients with CAD and no HTA) and 80 healthy individuals, comprehensive echocardiography including speckle tracking strain and strain rate analysis, was done...
November 29, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886160/left-ventricular-end-diastolic-volume-as-an-early-indicator-of-trastuzumab-related-cardiotoxicity-in-patients-with-her2-positive-breast-cancer-results-from-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#3
Corinna Bergamini, Flavia Torelli, Luca Ghiselli, Andrea Rossi, Laura Trevisani, Giulia Vinco, Stella Truong, Giovanni Benfari, Francesca LA Russa, Giorgio Golia, Annamaria Molino, Corrado Vassanelli
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant Trastuzumab therapy increases survival rates in patients with early HER2 positive breast cancer, although it can be potentially cardiotoxic. Aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction; and the relationship between the presence of cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac therapy and/or echocardiographic parameters of systolic function at baseline and the development of cardiotoxicity in such patients. METHODS: 227 patients were retrospectively reviewed...
November 25, 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883283/usefulness-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-parameters-and-brain-natriuretic-peptide-as-mortality-predictors-in-hospitalized-acutely-poisoned-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Catalina Lionte, Victorita Sorodoc, Cristina Bologa, Cristina Tuchilus, Elisabeta Jaba
Acute poisonings represent a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The prognostic utility of the transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) parameters combined with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in acute poisoning with different xenobiotics, upon admission in the hospital was not evaluated. This prospective observational cohort study included 229 acutely poisoned non-diabetic adults, with a median age of 44 years (range 18-90 years), 50.7% women, with an in-hospital mortality rate of 8.7%. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, the left ventricle kinetic abnormalities, the E wave deceleration time (EDT) and BNP correlated significantly with mortality in acutely poisoned patients...
November 24, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882261/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-seropositivity-and-its-impact-on-coronary-artery-disease-among-egyptian-patients-referred-for-coronary-angiography
#5
Ragab Abd El Salam, Baher Nabil, Marawan Saber, Hany A AbdelWahab, Tamer Saber
Background. We tested the prevalence and impact of HCV seropositivity among Egyptian patients referred for coronary angiography. Subjects and Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Zagazig University hospitals including 509 patients scheduled for elective coronary angiography between June 2013 and June 2014. By taking full history on admission, laboratory workup including HCV Ab, echocardiography study, and coronary angiography, we calculated the mean number of coronary artery lesions and the mean number of affected coronary artery vessels for all patients...
2016: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879282/sex-related-discordance-between-aortic-valve-calcification-and-hemodynamic-severity-of-aortic-stenosis-is-valvular-fibrosis-the-explanation
#6
Louis Simard, Nancy Côté, François Dagenais, Patrick Mathieu, Christian Couture, Sylvain Trahan, Yohan Bossé, Siamak Mohammadi, Sylvain Pagé, Philippe Joubert, Marie-Annick Clavel
RATIONALE: Calcific aortic stenosis (AS) is characterized by calcium deposition in valve leaflets. However, women present lower aortic valve calcification (AVC) loads than men for the same AS hemodynamic severity. OBJECTIVE: We thus aimed to assess sex-differences in aortic valve fibro-calcific remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-five patients underwent Doppler-echocardiography and multidetector-computed-tomography within 3 months prior to aortic valve replacement...
November 22, 2016: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874948/epicardial-fat-thickness-is-associated-with-severity-of-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
K Kiraz, T Gökdeniz, E Kalaycıoglu, A Börekçi, S Akyol, A O Baykan, A Acele, S Karakoyun, T Seker, M Gür
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the BODE index is an important tool for the prognostic assessment of COPD patients. It is well known that epicardial fat thickness (EFT) is related to CVD. However, there are very few data about the relationship between EFT and BODE index. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between EFT and BODE index in patients with COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 157 patients with COPD and 45 controls in the present study...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873498/the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-vascular-biomarkers-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#8
Jeonggeun Moon, Chan Joo Lee, Sang Hak Lee, Seok Min Kang, Donghoon Choi, Tae Hyun Yoo, Sungha Park
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and an important risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease. We investigated the impact of DM on subclinical CV damage by comprehensive screening protocol in ESRD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiogram, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and central blood pressure with pulse wave velocity (PWV) were performed in 91 ESRD patients from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic disease Etiology Research Center-HIgh risk cohort...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871168/long-term-prognosis-of-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-normal-myocardial-perfusion-as-determined-by-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography
#9
Gun Ha Park, Jae Won Song, Chang Min Lee, Young Rim Song, Sung Gyun Kim, Hyung Jik Kim, Jwa Kyung Kim
Background/Aims: Normal myocardial perfusion is closely associated with very low rates of cardiac events and better long-term outcomes; however, little is known about its prognostic value in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: A total of 286 incident patients underwent baseline cardiac evaluations using echocardiography and stress-rest single-photon emission computed tomography. Perfusion scans for 177 patients (61.9%) who had a summed stress score (SSS) < 4 were normal...
November 22, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865191/inverse-association-between-type-2-diabetes-and-aortic-root-dimension-in-hypertensive-patients
#10
Emilio Nardi, Giuseppe Mulè, Chiara Nardi, Giulio Geraci, Maurizio Averna
BACKGROUND: Some data support the concept that aortic root diameter (ARD) in hypertension may be regarded as a marker of subclinical organ damage. The impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiac structure and function is known, although the relationship between DM and ARD is not clear. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of DM on ARD in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We enrolled 1693 hypertensive patients (aged 63.7±9.6years). The population was divided into two groups: the first one with DM (n=747) and the second one without DM (n=946)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862715/effect-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-in-patients-with-diabetes-randomized-in-echocrt
#11
REVIEW
Matthias P Nägele, Jan Steffel, Michele Robertson, Jagmeet P Singh, Andreas J Flammer, Jeroen J Bax, Jeffrey S Borer, Kenneth Dickstein, Ian Ford, John Gorcsan, Daniel Gras, Henry Krum, Peter Sogaard, Johannes Holzmeister, William T Abraham, Josep Brugada, Frank Ruschitzka
AIMS: As patients with heart failure (HF) and concomitant diabetes carry a poor prognosis, this post-hoc subgroup analysis aimed to compare the outcomes of patients with and without diabetes randomized in the Echocardiography Guided Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (EchoCRT) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: EchoCRT randomized patients with a QRS duration <130 ms and echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular dyssynchrony to CRT turned on (CRT=ON) vs. off (CRT=OFF) following device implantation...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858918/global-longitudinal-strain-predicts-incident-atrial-fibrillation-and-stroke-occurrence-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
Flemming Javier Olsen, Sune Pedersen, Jan Skov Jensen, Tor Biering-Sørensen
Patients with acute myocardial infarction are at increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation. We aimed to evaluate whether speckle tracking echocardiography improves risk stratification for atrial fibrillation in these patients.The study comprised of 373 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients had an echocardiogram performed at a median of 2 days after their STEMI. The echocardiograms consisted of conventional measurements and myocardial strain analysis by speckle tracking from 3 apical projections...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853970/the-relationship-between-heart-rate-variability-and-left-ventricular-layer-specific-deformation-in-uncomplicated-diabetic-patients
#13
Vladan Vukomanovic, Marijana Tadic, Jelena Suzic-Lazic, Vesna Kocijancic, Vera Celic
The aim of this study was to investigate heart rate variability (HRV) and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in uncomplicated diabetic patients. Furthermore, we sought to investigate the association between HRV indices and LV structural, functional and mechanical parameters. This cross-sectional study included 50 uncomplicated patients with type 2 diabetes and 40 healthy controls without cardiovascular risk factors. All study subjects underwent 24-h Holter monitoring, laboratory analyses and complete two-dimensional echocardiography examination (2DE)...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843105/dual-imaging-stress-echocardiography-for-prognostic-assessment-of-high-risk-asymptomatic-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Lauro Cortigiani, Sonia Gherardi, Michela Faggioni, Francesco Bovenzi, Eugenio Picano, Christina Petersen, Sabrina Molinaro, Rosa Sicari
BACKGROUND: In patients with diabetes, the utility of diagnostic screening cardiac tests in subjects without clinical coronary artery disease remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic meaning of dual-imaging stress echocardiography (conventional wall motion analysis and Doppler-derived coronary flow velocity reserve [CFVR] of the left anterior descending coronary artery) in high-risk asymptomatic individuals with diabetes. METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of 230 asymptomatic patients with diabetes (128 men; mean age, 66 ± 9 years) with no clinical evidence of coronary artery disease, no Q waves or deep negative waves on the electrocardiogram, and no wall motion abnormalities on resting echocardiography...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829587/pre-and-postoperative-predictors-of-long-term-prognosis-after-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-chronic-aortic-regurgitation
#15
Masashi Amano, Chisato Izumi, Sari Imamura, Naoaki Onishi, Jiro Sakamoto, Yodo Tamaki, Soichiro Enomoto, Makoto Miyake, Toshihiro Tamura, Hirokazu Kondo, Kazuaki Kaitani, Kazuo Yamanaka, Yoshihisa Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: There are few data on the long-term prognosis and chronological changes in left ventricular (LV) function after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with severe chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) among the Japanese population.Methods and Results:We retrospectively investigated the long-term prognosis in 80 consecutive patients with severe chronic AR who underwent AVR. Additionally, 65 patients with follow-up echocardiography at 1 year after AVR were investigated to evaluate chronological changes in LV function...
November 9, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822026/age-influence-on-renalase-and-catecholamines-concentration-in-hypertensive-patients-including-maintained-dialysis
#16
Edyta Zbroch, Dominika Musialowska, Ewa Koc-Zorawska, Jolanta Malyszko
BACKGROUND: Hypertension in elderly patients is one of the main problems in cardiovascular diseases. The sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity seen in older patients is a known risk factor for hypertension and other cardiovascular events as well as chronic kidney disease. Renalase, secreted by the kidney and circulated in blood, may regulate the sympathetic tone by catecholamine degradation and in this way has an impact on cardiovascular and renal complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of age on renalase and catecholamine concentration in hypertensive patients, including those on dialyses and its possible relation to blood pressure control and cardiovascular disease...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822022/sex-specific-predictors-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-untreated-hypertension
#17
Joanna Jaroch, Olga Vriz, Zbigniew Bociąga, Caterina Driussi, Maria Łoboz-Rudnicka, Barbara Rzyczkowska, Krystyna Łoboz-Grudzień
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the sex-specific differences in left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD) predictors. We hypothesized that arterial stiffness (AS) may play a different role in the etiology of LV DD in hypertensive men and postmenopausal women, acting independently from other established predictors of this condition, such as age, obesity, diabetes mellitus, LV remodeling, and systolic function. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze the sex-specific differences in AS and other predictors of LV DD in men and postmenopausal women with untreated hypertension (HTN)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818785/clinical-characteristics-of-asymptomatic-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-and-its-association-with-self-rated-health-and-n-terminal-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Nasser S Ahmadi, Louise Bennet, Charlotte A Larsson, Susanne Andersson, Jörgen Månsson, Ulf Lindblad
AIMS: Left ventricular hypertrophy, obesity, hypertension, and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) predict left ventricular diastolic dysfunction with preserved systolic function (DD-PSF). Self-rated health (SRH) is shown to be associated with chronic diseases, but the association of SRH with DD-PSF is unclear. In light of the clinical implications of DD-PSF, the following goals are of considerable importance: (1) to determine the role of SRH in patients with DD-PSF in the general population and (2) to study the association between Nt-proBNP and DD-PSF...
September 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815962/the-effects-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-on-cardiac-functions-in-children-evaluation-by-conventional-and-tissue-doppler-echocardiography
#19
Osman Ozdemir, Adem Yasin Koksoy, Ayse Derya Bulus, Nesibe Andiran, Elif Yagli
BACKGROUND: Several studies have pointed out the existence of cardiac dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) even in the absence of ischemic, valvular, or hypertensive heart disease. The present study evaluated cardiac dysfunction and the relationship between severity of disease and degree of cardiac dysfunction in children with type 1 DM. METHODS: In this prospective study, 31 patients with type 1 DM and 33 sex- and age-matched healthy children were evaluated with conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814268/mean-transaortic-gradient-is-an-emerging-predictor-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-patients
#20
Ingrid Platania, Valentina Terranova, Salvatore Davide Tomasello, Marouane Boukhris, Chiara Cilia, Salvatore Di Marca, Marcella Pisano, Gianluca Mastrosimone, Emanuela Cataudella, Benedetta Stancanelli, Lorenzo Malatino
Arterial hypertension (AH) is a major risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, whether AH maintains this role in the development of CKD in elderly patients with aortic stenosis (AS) or whether transaortic gradient influences CKD remains unclear. Consecutive hospitalized patients were prospectively recruited to evaluate the relationship between AS and CKD. In all patients, transthoracic 2-dimensional echocardiography was performed to evaluate AS; renal function was evaluated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula...
October 7, 2016: Angiology
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