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echocardiography in end stage renal disease patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904623/comparison-of-malnutrition-in-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-and-its-relationship-with-echocardiographic-findings
#1
Afsoon Emami Naini, Alireza Karbalaie, Mokhtar Abedini, Gholamreza Askari, Firouzeh Moeinzadeh
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who on peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD). This study aimed to compare the frequency distribution of malnutrition in HD and PD patients and its relationship with echocardiographic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a case-control study. Using the simple random sampling, 109 patients were selected among HD and PD patients based on the inclusion criteria. HD and PD groups included 55 and 54 patients, respectively...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878751/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-serum-paraoxonase-activity-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Emad Abdallah, Samya El-Shishtawy, Nevine Sherif, Ahmed Ali, Omnia El-Bendary
PURPOSE: Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a high-density lipoprotein-associated (HDL) enzyme, which has been shown to reduce susceptibility to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) peroxidation. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a marker of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between PON-1 activity and EAT in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 72 (43 males) HD patients with end-stage renal disease...
November 23, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873498/the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-vascular-biomarkers-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
Jeonggeun Moon, Chan Joo Lee, Sang Hak Lee, Seok Min Kang, Donghoon Choi, Tae Hyun Yoo, Sungha Park
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and an important risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease. We investigated the impact of DM on subclinical CV damage by comprehensive screening protocol in ESRD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiogram, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and central blood pressure with pulse wave velocity (PWV) were performed in 91 ESRD patients from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic disease Etiology Research Center-HIgh risk cohort...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871168/long-term-prognosis-of-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-normal-myocardial-perfusion-as-determined-by-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography
#4
Gun Ha Park, Jae Won Song, Chang Min Lee, Young Rim Song, Sung Gyun Kim, Hyung Jik Kim, Jwa Kyung Kim
Background/Aims: Normal myocardial perfusion is closely associated with very low rates of cardiac events and better long-term outcomes; however, little is known about its prognostic value in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: A total of 286 incident patients underwent baseline cardiac evaluations using echocardiography and stress-rest single-photon emission computed tomography. Perfusion scans for 177 patients (61.9%) who had a summed stress score (SSS) < 4 were normal...
November 22, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832685/treadmill-exercise-induced-e-e-elevation-as-a-predictor-of-cardiovascular-event-in-end-stage-renal-disease-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#5
Jong Ho Shin, Ki-Woon Kang, Jung Ho Kim, Jung Yeon Chin, Nae Yu Kim, Sang Hyun Park, Won Ho Kim, Yu Jeong Choi, Kyung Tae Jung
Background/Aims: Diastolic dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). However, conventional measurement of LA volume and E/e' using Doppler echocardiography has been limited to predict CV events in patients with ESRD on CAPD. Methods: From September 2007 to September 2008, 30 consecutive patients with exertional dyspnea in ESRD on CAPD and normal systolic function was prospectively enrolled and underwent laboratory testing, coronary angiography, and treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (TESE)...
November 11, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805514/relation-between-pulmonary-hypertension-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#6
Tülay Kıvanç, Öznur Kal, Öznur Çiftçi, Şule Akçay
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension has been reported to occur in a considerable proportion of patients with end-stage renal disease. End-stage renal disease affects the health-related quality of life of patients. There is a lack of specific information on the relation between pulmonary hypertension and health-related quality of life in patients with end-stage renal disease in the literature. We aimed to evaluate this relation in patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective case-control study included 68 patients treated with hemodialysis and 30 healthy participants as controls...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754125/os-24-06-high-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-heart-failure-in-children-with-hypertension-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Joo Hoon Lee, Jae Suk Baek, Jeong Jin Yu, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko, Young Seo Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac parameters on echocardiography. DESIGN AND METHOD: Echocardiography was checked at 6 months ∼ 1 year interval in children with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis, which was more frequently done in patients with hypertension or any heart problems. We reviewed blood pressure (BP) and echocardiographic findings of those children (since February 2005). Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation (median, minimum ∼ maximum)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661984/high-serum-phosphorus-level-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#8
Min Ye, Na Tian, Yanqiu Liu, Wei Li, Hong Lin, Rui Fan, Cuiling Li, Donghong Liu, Fengjuan Yao
OBJECTIVES: We initiated this study to explore the relationships of serum phosphorus level with left ventricular ultrasound features and diastolic function in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: 174 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving PD were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. Conventional echocardiography examination and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) were performed in each patient. Clinical information and laboratory data were also collected...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643052/os-24-06-high-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-heart-failure-in-children-with-hypertension-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
Joo Hoon Lee, Jae Suk Baek, Jeong Jin Yu, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko, Young Seo Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac parameters on echocardiography. DESIGN AND METHOD: Echocardiography was checked at 6 months ∼ 1 year interval in children with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis, which was more frequently done in patients with hypertension or any heart problems. We reviewed blood pressure (BP) and echocardiographic findings of those children (since February 2005). Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation (median, minimum ∼ maximum)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604659/renal-dysfunction-and-diastolic-impairment-among-british-ethnic-minorities-with-hypertension-the-ethnic-echocardiographic-heart-of-england-screening-study
#10
A Shantsila, E Shantsila, P S Gill, G Y H Lip
Renal dysfunction is frequently associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients. Limited data exist on renal dysfunction and diastolic impairment among British ethnic minorities with hypertension. We studied associations between renal impairment and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive subjects of African-Caribbean and South Asian origin. Five hundred and ten hypertensive subjects with ejection fraction ⩾55% and with no history of ischaemic heart disease/valve pathology were included from the original population of the Ethnic-Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening Study (E-ECHOES)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550915/associations-of-macro-and-microvascular-endothelial-dysfunction-with-subclinical-ventricular-dysfunction-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#11
Ruth F Dubin, Isabella Guajardo, Amrita Ayer, Claire Mills, Catherine Donovan, Lauren Beussink, Rebecca Scherzer, Peter Ganz, Sanjiv J Shah
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) suffer high rates of heart failure and cardiovascular mortality, and we lack a thorough understanding of what, if any, modifiable factors contribute to cardiac dysfunction in these high-risk patients. To evaluate endothelial function as a potentially modifiable cause of cardiac dysfunction in ESRD, we investigated cross-sectional associations of macro- and microvascular dysfunction with left and right ventricular dysfunction in a well-controlled ESRD cohort. We performed comprehensive echocardiography, including tissue Doppler imaging and speckle-tracking echocardiography of the left and right ventricle, in 149 ESRD patients enrolled in an ongoing prospective, observational study...
October 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543515/prevalence-etiology-and-clinical-implications-of-reduced-longitudinal-systolic-strain-in-renal-transplant-candidates
#12
Isaac B Rhea, Kathleen Morris, Stephen Sawada, Harvey Feigenbaum
AIMS: Reduced global longitudinal systolic strain (GLS) is a common finding in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with normal ejection fraction (EF), and GLS is a stronger predictor of mortality than EF. We sought to determine what factors may be responsible for the decreased strain in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group was comprised of 139 renal transplant candidates with a normal EF who had echocardiography with assessment of GLS and basal longitudinal systolic strain (BLS)...
November 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514769/inflammation-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-mortality-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#13
Majlinda Cafka, Merita Rroji, Saimir Seferi, Myftar Barbullushi, Genc Burazeri, Nereida Spahia, Alma Idrizi, Erjola Likaj, Joana Seiti, Jonida Lazaj, Artan Goda
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate ventricular geometry, its relationship with the inflammatory markers, and mortality of patients with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal and hemodialysis treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled adult patients on long-term dialysis (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) for more than 3 months. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed by an experienced cardiologist who was blinded to all clinical details of patients...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424685/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profiles-comparison-among-dialysis-patients
#14
Islam Sharabas, Nauman Siddiqi
This study was performed to assess the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in the prevalent peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients and their association with cardiovascular events (CVEs) in a Saudi end-stage renal disease cohort. This was a prospective, observational, single-center study. A total of 192 patients were screened of which 157 patients were eligible (HD = 121, PD = 36). All patients underwent assessment of cardiovascular risk factors at the time of enrollment including electrocardiogram and echocardiography, lipid profile, homocysteine, and insulin levels...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344674/left-atrial-dysfunction-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-treated-by-hemodialysis
#15
Jan Malik, Jana Lachmanova, Jaroslav Kudlicka, Katarina Rocinova, Anna Valerianova, Magdalena Bartkova, Vladimir Tesar
BACKGROUND: Repeated inter-dialysis water retention contributes to the development of left ventricular hypertrophy and failure, which is responsible for significant mortality of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The left atrium has a thin wall, which makes it even more prone to preload changes. In the general population with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), left atrial function is even worse than that in patients with reduced ejection fraction. We hypothesized that repeated water retention is related to left atrial dysfunction in ESRD patients treated by hemodialysis and that the expected changes would be related to the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels...
2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274170/pulmonary-hypertension-in-hemodialysis-patients-following-repeated-endovascular-thrombectomy
#16
Mu-Yang Hsieh, Lin Lin, Tsung-Yan Chen, Ren-Huei Wang, Su-Chin Huang, HsiuChiao Liu, Chao-Lun Lai, Shih-Yen Pu, Kuei-Chin Tsai, Chih-Cheng Wu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension is unusually high in Taiwanese patients with end-stage renal disease. Thrombosis of hemodialysis grafts is common and pulmonary embolism has been reported after endovascular thrombectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pulmonary hypertension and endovascular thrombectomy of hemodialysis grafts. METHODS: One hundred and ten patients on hemodialysis via arteriovenous grafts were enrolled in our study...
May 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189482/impaired-longitudinal-deformation-measured-by-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#17
Maike van Huis, Nikki J Schoenmaker, Jaap W Groothoff, Johanna H van der Lee, Maria van Dyk, Marc Gewillig, Linda Koster, Ronald Tanke, Marc Lilien, Nico A Blom, Luc Mertens, Irene M Kuipers
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular dysfunction is an important co-morbidity of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with a poor prognosis in the adult population. In pediatric ESRD, left ventricular function is generally well preserved, but limited information is available on early changes in myocardial function. The aim of this study was to investigate myocardial mechanics in pediatric patients with ESRD using speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE). METHODS: Echocardiographic studies, including M-mode, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and STE, were performed in 19 children on dialysis, 17 transplant patients and 33 age-matched controls...
September 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129390/electrophysiologic-substrate-and-risk-of-mortality-in-incident-hemodialysis
#18
Larisa G Tereshchenko, Esther D Kim, Andrew Oehler, Lucy A Meoni, Elyar Ghafoori, Tejal Rami, Maggie Maly, Muammar Kabir, Lauren Hawkins, Gordon F Tomaselli, Joao A Lima, Bernard G Jaar, Stephen M Sozio, Michelle Estrella, W H Linda Kao, Rulan S Parekh
The single leading cause of mortality on hemodialysis is sudden cardiac death. Whether measures of electrophysiologic substrate independently associate with mortality is unknown. We examined measures of electrophysiologic substrate in a prospective cohort of 571 patients on incident hemodialysis enrolled in the Predictors of Arrhythmic and Cardiovascular Risk in End Stage Renal Disease Study. A total of 358 participants completed both baseline 5-minute and 12-lead electrocardiogram recordings on a nondialysis day...
November 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069857/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-serum-soluble-klotho-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Emad Abdallah, Osama Mosbah, Ghada Khalifa, Amna Metwaly, Omnia El-Bendary
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between soluble Klotho (s-Klotho) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 88 patients with end-stage renal disease on regular HD. Serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, and C-reactive protein were measured. The serum levels of s-Klotho and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) were measured using an Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit...
March 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053900/evaluation-of-pulmonary-artery-pressure-and-resistance-by-pulsed-doppler-echocardiography-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis-therapy
#20
Noha Hassanin, Alkhateeb Alkemary
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is one of the most important comorbidities in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). The goal of the present work is to determine the possible etiologic factors for its occurrence. METHODS: The prevalence of PH was estimated by Doppler echocardiography in a cohort of 100 patients aged 49.3 ± 13.9 years on regular HD. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was estimated from pulmonary acceleration time by Mahan's regression equation...
April 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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