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Woongsik Jang, Sunyong Ahn, Soyun Park, Jong Hyeok Park, Dong Hwan Wang
The importance of conductive polymer electrodes with a balance between the morphology and electrical conductivity for flexible organic photovoltaic properties has been demonstrated. Highly transparent PEDOT:PSS anodes with controlled conductivity and surface properties were realized by insertion of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and a fluorosurfactant (Zonyl) as efficient additives and used for flexible organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) which are based on a bulk-heterojunction of polythieno[3,4-b]-thiophene-co-benzodithiophene (PTB7):[6,6]phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM)...
October 26, 2016: Nanoscale
Lewen Yang, James T Kindt
The umbrella sampling method has been used to evaluate the free energy profile for a large permeant moving through a lipid bilayer, represented using a coarse-grained simulation model, at and below its gel-fluid transition temperature. At the lipid transition temperature, determined to be 302 K for the MARTINI 2.0 model of DPPC, the permeation barrier for passage through an enclosed fluid domain embedded in a patch of gel was significantly lower than for passage through a fluid stripe domain. In contrast, permeation through a fluid domain in a stripe geometry produced a free energy profile nearly identical to that of a gel-free fluid bilayer...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Bruno Fabre, Gaozeng Li, Francis Gouttefangeas, Loic Joanny, Gabriel Loget
The electroless deposition of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) on hydrogen-terminated silicon (H-Si) surfaces is studied as a function of temperature and the immersion time. It is demonstrated that isolated Pt structures can be produced at all investigated temperatures (between 22 and 75°C) for short deposition times, typically within 1-10 min if the temperature was 45°C or less than 5 min at 75°C. For longer times, dendritic metal structures start to grow leading ultimately to highly rough interconnected Pt networks...
October 25, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sawanta S Mali, Hyungjin Kim, Sang Eun Shim, Chang Kook Hong
Here we report a solution processed nanostructured NiO as a hole transport layer (HTL) for efficient inverted MAPb(I1-xBrx)3 (x = 0.3) perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The best performing p-i-n PSC exhibits 15.35% power conversion efficiency with a current density (JSC) of 19.85 mA cm(-2), an open circuit voltage (VOC) of 1.056 V and a fill factor (FF) of 0.73. The developed method is simple and cost effective.
October 25, 2016: Nanoscale
Yuanyuan Zhou, Miao Li, Yijing Guo, Heng Lu, Jinsheng Song, Zhishan Bo, Hua Wang
With the efficient synthesis of the crucial dibenzopyran building block, a series of PDBPTBT polymers containing different alkyl side chains and/or fluorine substitution were designed and synthesized via the microwave assisted Suzuki polycondensation. Quantum chemistry calculations based on density functional theory indicated that different substitutions have significant impacts on the planarity and rigidity of the polymer backbones. Interestingly, the alkyloxy chains of PDBPTBT-4 tend to stay in the same plane with the benzothiadiazole unit, but the others appear to be out of plane...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ayyanar Karuppasamy, Kesavan Stalindurai, Jia-De Peng, Kuo-Chuan Ho, Chennan Ramalingan
Reported herein are six novel metal free organic dyes such as PCA1-PCA3 and PCTA1-PCTA3 featuring fused heterocyclic structural motifs such as phenothiazine and alkylcarbazole. Photophysical/electrochemical properties and nanocrystalline TiO2 based dye-sensitized solar cell performance of the same have been investigated. Electronic distribution within the molecules has been determined through a computational approach. The overall power conversion efficiencies of the devices with the utilization of dyes PCA1-PCA3 and PCTA1-PCTA3 as sensitizers ranges between 4...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Zhen Lei, Abdul Sami Shaikh, Wenshuai Zheng, Xiao Yu, Jingui Yu, Jingxin Li
Itch, the unpleasant sensation that evokes a desire to scratch, accompanies numerous skin and nervous system disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms of itch are unclear. Acid sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is a sensor of acidic and primary inflammatory pain. The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to determine the effect of Chloroquine (CQ)on ASICs currents in primary sensory neurons or the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with rat-ASIC1a or- ASIC3. Site-directed mutagenesis of plasmid was performed...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Fernando J Martinez, Jørgen Vestbo, Julie A Anderson, Robert D Brook, Bartolome R Celli, Nicholas J Cowans, Courtney Crim, Mark Dransfield, Sally Kilbride, Julie Yates, David E Newby, Dennis Niewoehner, Peter Ma Calverley
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids have been shown to decrease exacerbations in COPD patients with moderate to severe COPD. Their effect in patients with milder airflow obstruction remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This was an analysis of exacerbations in the Study to Understand Mortality and MorbidITy (SUMMIT) study. DESIGN: In a double-blind randomized controlled trial, once daily inhaled placebo, fluticasone furoate (FF, 100 μg), vilanterol (VI, 25 μg) or the combination (FF/VI) was administered...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Marcelo E Fuentes, Renato A Quinones
Facultative marine filamentous fungi have recently emerged as a functional component in coastal marine systems. However, little is known about their ecological role and functions in biogeochemical cycles. Penicillium decumbens, S. strictum, and F. fujikuroi were isolated from the coastal upwelling zone off south-central Chile. Their carbon profiles were characterized using Biolog FF MicroPlates. These species used a wide range of carbon sources, mainly carbohydrates, but also amino acids, suggesting the use of metabolic routes that include glycolysis/gluconeogenesis...
October 19, 2016: Mycologia
Yen-Sook Jung, Jun-Seok Yeo, Nam-Koo Kim, Sehyun Lee, Dong-Yu Kim
We report the effect of binary additives on the fabrication of polymer solar cells (PSCs) based on a bulk heterojunction (BHJ) system. The combination of 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO), a high-boiling and selective solvent, for fullerene derivatives and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) precursor, a nonvolatile insulating additive, affords complementary functions on the effective modulation of BHJ morphology. It was found that DIO and PDMS precursor each play different roles on the control of BHJ morphology, and thus, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) can be further enhanced to 7...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fengyang Xu, Jie Liu, Jian Tian, Lingfeng Gao, Xiaju Cheng, Yue Pan, Ziling Sun, Xinming Li
In this work, we reported the generation of a novel supramolecular hydrogelator from a peptide derivative which consisted of a structural motif (e.g., Fc-FF) for supramolecular self-assembly and a functional moiety (e.g., RGD) for integrin binding. Following self-assembly in water at neutral pH, this molecule firstly tended to form metastable spherical aggregates, which subsequently underwent a morphological transformation to form high-aspect-ratio nanostructures over 2 h when aged at room temperature. More importantly, because of the presence of nanoscale RGD clusters on the surface of nanostructures, the self-assembled nanomaterials (e...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Qiqian Gao, Shihan Sun, Xuesong Li, Xueyu Zhang, Lianfeng Duan, Wei Lü
In present work, two-dimensional g-C3N4 was used to modify TiO2 nanorod array photoanodes for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs), and the improved cell performances were reported. Single crystal TiO2 nanorods are prepared by hydrothermal method on transparent conductive glass and spin-coated with g-C3N4. CdS quantum dots were deposited on the g-C3N4 modified TiO2 photoanodes via successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method. Compared with pure TiO2 nanorod array photoanodes, the g-C3N4 modified photoanodes showed an obvious improvement in cell performances, and a champion efficiency of 2...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Qiang Xiao, Hongxia Guo
In this paper, we construct an efficient and simple coarse grained (CG) model for atactic polystyrene (PS) by using a 1 : 1 mapping scheme at 463 K and 1 atm pressure and derive the corresponding bonded and non-bonded potentials in the CG force field (FF) via a direct Boltzmann inversion approach and a combined structure-based and thermodynamic quantities-based CG method, respectively. For computational considerations, the non-bonded interaction between CG particles is described by Lennard-Jones (LJ) type potentials, and both the radial distribution function (RDF) and the bulk density of the atomistic simulations are taken as target properties in the parameterization of the two LJ parameters...
October 19, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Lu Chen, Courtney A Kurtyka, Eric A Welsh, Jason I Rivera, Brienne E Engel, Teresita Muñoz-Antonia, Sean J Yoder, Steven A Eschrich, Ben C Creelan, Alberto A Chiappori, Jhanelle E Gray, Jose Luis Ramirez, Rafael Rosell, Matthew B Schabath, Eric B Haura, Dung-Tsa Chen, W Douglas Cress
Clinicians routinely prescribe adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) for resected non-small cell lung cancer patients. However, ACT only improves five-year disease-free survival in stage I-III non-small cell lung cancer by 5-15%, with most patients deriving no benefit. Herein, deregulation of the E2F pathway was explored as a biomarker in lung adenocarcinoma patients. An E2F pathway scoring system, based on 74 E2F-regulated genes, was trained for RNA from two platforms: fresh-frozen (FF) or formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Panmela Soares, M Carmen Davó-Blanes, Suellen Secchi Martinelli, Leonardo Melgarejo, Suzi Barlleto Cavali
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of the school feeding program purchase criteria on the quantity, variety and origin of food products acquired for school meals in a municipality in Brazil. METHOD: Analysis of purchase lists for two years prior and two years after implementation of the purchase criteria (2010). The origin (family farms (FF)/other providers (OP)) and nutritional characteristics (recommended/controlled) of food products were studied, registering annual varieties (n) and daily quantities (kg/day); contrast of proportions was applied...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
Laure Vieillevigne, Sandra Bessieres, Monia Ouali, Christel Lanaspeze
PURPOSE: Flattening filter free (FFF) beams are frequently used for stereotactic body radiation therapy with various treatment modalities: conventional static fields, dynamic conformal arc (DCA) or Rapid Arc (RA). The goal of this study was to obtain some criteria to enable a conscious choice of the employment of FFF beams and of the DCA or RA technique, depending on the PTV size. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 24 PTVs from 1.52cm(3) to 445.24cm(3) were studied in various sites: virtual phantom, lung and liver...
October 15, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Bernard Omolo, Mingli Yang, Fang Yin Lo, Michael J Schell, Sharon Austin, Kellie Howard, Anup Madan, Timothy J Yeatman
BACKGROUND: The KRAS gene is mutated in about 40 % of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases, which has been clinically validated as a predictive mutational marker of intrinsic resistance to anti-EGFR inhibitor (EGFRi) therapy. Since nearly 60 % of patients with a wild type KRAS fail to respond to EGFRi combination therapies, there is a need to develop more reliable molecular signatures to better predict response. Here we address the challenge of adapting a gene expression signature predictive of RAS pathway activation, created using fresh frozen (FF) tissues, for use with more widely available formalin fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Genomics
Sara Barbiero, Alexandra Rink, Fabrizio Matteucci, David Fedele, Fabiola Paiar, Francesco Pasqualetti, Michele Avanzo
PURPOSE: To report on single-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy (RT) (SBRT) with flattening filter (FF)-free (FFF) volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) for lung cancer and to compare dosimetric results with VMAT with FF. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Overall, 25 patients were treated with 6-MV FFF VMAT (Varian TrueBeam STx LINAC) to a prescribed dose of 24Gy in a single fraction. Treatment plans were recreated using FF VMAT. Dose-volume indices, monitor units (MU), and treatment times were compared between FFF and FF VMAT techniques...
October 14, 2016: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
Meda Kondolot, Selim Doganay, Cüneyt Turan, Hasim Asil, Didem B Oztop, Caglar Ozdemir
Visceral injuries are not uncommon in nonaccidental trauma and often require emergent operative intervention. However, sometimes it can be difficult to assess the extent of injury. In this report, we present a case of child physical abuse resulting in bladder and rectal perforations, which was initially referred to our hospital as acute abdomen with intraperitoneal free fluid on ultrasonography. An exploratory laparotomy revealed the perforations and surgical repair was performed. The patient was evaluated by the Hospital Child Protective team and it was revealed that bladder and rectum perforations were due to insertion of rolling pin into the rectum by the stepmother...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ting Y Yeh
Unlike Ff-like coliphages, certain filamentous Inoviridae phages integrate their genomes into the host chromosome and enter a prophage state in their infectious cycle. This lysogenic life cycle was first reported for Xanthomonas citri Cf phage. However, except for the X. citri phages Cf and XacF1, complete genome sequence information about lysogenic Xanthomonas phages is not available to date. A proviral sequence of Xf109 phage was identified in the genome of Xanthomonas oryzae, the rice bacterial blight pathogen, and revived as infectious virions to lysogenize its host de novo...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Virology
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