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Amanda Schenatto Ferreira, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Liliam Barbuglio Del Priore, Carmen Lucia Gomes Garcia, Matheus Henrique Maiolini Ducatti, Ana Flavia Balotari Botta, Marina Cabral Waiteman, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate pain level and function limitation in adolescent athletes and physically active non-athletes with PFP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Adolescent athletes were recruited at a sport center complex. Adolescent non-athletes were recruited from upper secondary schools. PARTICIPANTS: 108 adolescents diagnosed with PFP: 42 adolescent athletes and 66 adolescent non-athletes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To evaluate the level of pain, a visual analog scale (VAS) was used and to evaluate the overall function, the Knee Outcome in Osteoarthritis Survey (KOOS) was used...
July 11, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Zachary Y Kerr, R Dawn Comstock, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the methods of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) and High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) system as a complement to the sport-specific manuscripts that will follow. BACKGROUND:   The NCAA-ISP and HS RIO collect injury and exposure data from samples of collegiate and high school sports programs, respectively. The NCAA-ISP, which the NCAA has maintained since 1982, was relaunched as a Web-based platform at the beginning of the 2004-2005 academic year...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Anthony Bryson, Rosemary Arthur, Chris Easton
Bryson, A, Arthur, R, and Easton, C. Prior knowledge of the grading criteria increases Functional Movement Screen scores in youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-We sought to determine whether familiarity with the grading criteria of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) impacted the outcome score in elite youth soccer players. Thirty-two trained male youth soccer players (aged 17 ± 1 years) participated in a randomized control trial. Participants were randomly assigned to evenly sized control and experimental groups, who each completed the FMS on 2 separate occasions...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jake Phillips, David Diggin, Deborah L King, Gary A Sforzo
Phillips, J, Diggin, D, King, DL, and Sforzo, GA. Effect of varying self-myofascial release duration on subsequent athletic performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Self-myofascial release (SMR) treatments can enhance joint range-of-motion and restore movement function. The effects of different SMR durations on athletic performance have yet to be examined. Twenty-four volunteers had ankle and knee joint range-of-motion assessed using modified weight-bearing and kneeling lunge (KL) tests. Vertical jump and pro-agility sprint performance were also examined...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
G Lorimer Moseley, John Baranoff, Ebonie Rio, Mike Stewart, Wayne Derman, Brian Hainline
Persistent pain is common in elite athletes. The current review arose from a consensus initiative by the International Olympic Committee to advance the development of a standardized, scientific, and evidence-informed approach to management. We suggest that optimal management of persistent pain in elite athletes requires an understanding of contemporary pain science, including the rationale behind and implementation of a biopsychosocial approach to care. We argue that athletes and clinicians need to understand the biopsychosocial model because it applies to both pain and the impact of pain with special reference to the sport setting...
July 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
William G Blakeney, Hervé Ouanezar, Isabelle Rogowski, Gregory Vigne, Meven Le Guen, Jean-Marie Fayard, Mathieu Thaunat, Pierre Chambat, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the appropriate timing of return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. A composite test was developed to assess the athlete's ability to return to sports after ACL reconstruction: the Knee Santy Athletic Return To Sport (K-STARTS) test. HYPOTHESIS: The K-STARTS test meets validation criteria for an outcome score assessing readiness for return to sports after ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic study...
July 1, 2018: Sports Health
Georgia Romyn, Michele Lastella, Dean J Miller, Nathan G Versey, Gregory D Roach, Charli Sargent
This study examined the efficacy of daytime napping to supplement night-time sleep in athletes. Twelve well-trained male soccer players completed three conditions in a randomised, counterbalanced order: 9 h in bed overnight with no daytime nap (9 h + 0 h); 8 h in bed overnight with a 1-h daytime nap (8 h + 1 h); and 7 h in bed overnight with a 2-h daytime nap (7 h + 2 h). Sleep was assessed using polysomnography. The total amount of sleep obtained in the three conditions was similar, i.e. 8.1 h (9 h + 0 h), 8...
June 2018: Chronobiology International
Toby M Enniss, Khaled Basiouny, Brian Brewer, Nikolay Bugaev, Julius Cheng, Omar K Danner, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster, Gregory Hawryluk, Hee Soo Jung, Felix Lui, Rishi Rattan, Pina Violano, Marie Crandall
Background: Awareness of the magnitude of contact sports-related concussions has risen exponentially in recent years. Our objective is to conduct a prospectively registered systematic review of the scientific evidence regarding interventions to prevent contact sports-related concussions. Methods: Using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology, we performed a systematic review of the literature to answer seven population, intervention, comparator, and outcomes (PICO) questions regarding concussion education, head protective equipment, rules prohibiting high-risk activity and neck strengthening exercise for prevention of contact sports-related concussion in pediatric and adult amateur athletes...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
Aurelio Olmedilla, Gema Torres-Luque, Alexandre García-Mas, Victor J Rubio, Eugenio Ducoing, Enrique Ortega
Psychological characteristics of athletes play a key role in sport performance and may moderate and mediate the influence of technical, tactical, and physical abilities athletes show. Different authors have emphasized the special attention such psychological characteristics should receive considering the extent they can influence athletes' behavior either in training or in competition. This paper is aimed at describing the psychological profiles of two cycling sports: triathlon and road cycling. One hundred and twenty-nine male and female professional and amateur cycling athletes (35...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Mohammad Qasem, Keith George, John Somauroo, Lynsey Forsythe, Benjamin Brown, David Oxborough
Athlete pre-participation screening is focused on detecting pathological conditions like arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). The diagnosis of ARVC is established by applying the revised 2010 ARVC Task Force Criteria (TFC) that assesses RV structure and function. Some athletes may meet structural TFC without having ARVC but we do not know the consequences for RV function. This study compared RV structural and functional indices in male athletes that meet the structural TFC (MTFC) for ARVC and those that do not (NMTFC)...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
José Inácio Salles, Lucas Rafael Lopes, Maria Eugenia Leite Duarte, Dylan Morrissey, Marilena Bezerra Martins, Daniel Escorsim Machado, João Antonio Matheus Guimarães, Jamila Alessandra Perini
BACKGROUND: Tendinopathy pathogenesis is associated with inflammation. Regulatory T (Treg) cells contribute to early tissue repair through an anti-inflammatory action, with the forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) transcription factor being essential for Treg function, and the FC-receptor-like 3 (FCRL3) possibly negatively regulating Treg function. FCRL3 -169T>C and FOXP3 -2383C>T polymorphisms are located near elements that regulate respective genes expression, thus it was deemed relevant to evaluate these polymorphisms as risk factors for tendinopathy development in athletes...
July 18, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
Chris Bishop, Dominic Thewlis, Susan Hillier
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are routinely used to treat plantar fasciopathy in clinical practice. However, minimal evidence exists as to the effect of both truly custom designed foot orthoses, as well as that of the shoe the foot orthoses are placed into. This study investigated the effect of wearing custom foot orthoses and new athletic footwear on first-step pain, average 24-h pain and plantar fascia thickness in people with unilateral plantar fasciopathy over 12 weeks. METHODS: A parallel, three-arm randomised controlled trial with blinding of participants and assessors...
July 18, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Lauren M Wink, Leendert Blankevoort, Daniel Haverkamp, Robert Hemke, Sjoerd Jens, Inger N Sierevelt, Mario Maas, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common result of an ankle sprain. Even though early surgical treatment yields the best results, overall only professional athletes are eligible for acute surgical stabilization. Treating all patients with early surgical stabilization leads to a high amount of unnecessary invasive interventions, as not all patients progress to CAI. If patients at risk of developing CAI can be identified, treatment policies may be applied more effectively and efficiently...
July 18, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Alexandre Abel, Bertrand Baron, Frédéric Grappe, Marc Francaux
The purpose of this study was to analyze the pacing strategy and its affective consequences during self-paced cycling time trials (TT) performed at different severity of hypoxia. Eight competitive cyclists performed five 30 min self-paced TTs at their best performance in the following conditions: 1) normobaric normoxia (NNSL ); 2) normobaric hypoxia under two simulated altitudes: 2000 m (NH2000 ) and 3500 m (NH3500 ) and 3) normobaric hypoxia but the cyclists were deceived and thought to be at sea level for 2000 m (DecNH2000 ) and 3500 m (DecNH3500 )...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Yun Wang, Yu Gu, Jiancong Chen, Wenhao Luo, Wanying He, Zhongyu Han, Jing Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Kinesio taping on ankle functional performance with that of other taping methods (non-elastic taping) in healthy individuals and patients with ankle sprain. METHODS: A search was performed in electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure) for studies published up to 31 March 2018 using the following keywords: ankle, Kinesio taping, KT, and tape. Studies on ankle functional performance were selected, and data on Star Excursion Balance Test results, vertical jump height, and range of motion were extracted...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis risk is high after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and arthroscopic meniscal surgery, and higher among individuals who undergo both. Although osteoarthritis development is multifactorial, altered walking mechanics may influence osteoarthritis progression. The purpose of this study was to compare gait mechanics after ACLR among participants who had undergone no medial meniscal surgery, partial medial meniscectomy, or medial meniscal repair...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Robert Diaz, Allison H Stoll, Monica E Rho, Cheri A Blauwet
Shoulder pain in wheelchair users that participate in competitive adaptive sports can be a troublesome condition. Shoulder pain not only affects athletic performance but also affects functional activities such as wheelchair propulsion and weight bearing during transfers. Managing pain in these athletes thus presents a unique challenge because of the difficulty in achieving relative rest and the need to modify athletic shoulder-focused rehabilitation strategies. In all athletes, it is vital to establish an early, accurate diagnosis and optimize conservative treatment before considering surgical interventions to avoid excessive shoulder-related morbidity, loss of function, and, worse, loss of independence...
August 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
William E Rudgard, Christine A Hirsch, Anthony R Cox
OBJECTIVE: To explore amateur endurance athletes' use and views about non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey of amateur athletes at four athletic clubs. KEY FINDINGS: Of a sample of 129 of amateur athletes, 68% (n = 88) reported using NSAIDs in the previous 12 months (84.4% in triathletes, 70.9% in runners and 52.5% in cyclists). Overall, ibuprofen was the most popular drug (n = 48). There was a lack of knowledge of adverse drug reactions, with only 26% of use advised by a doctor or pharmacist...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Bradley J Petek, Meagan M Wasfy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of female athletes participating in sports has increased exponentially over the past century. While cardiac adaptations to exercise have been well described, female athletes have been underrepresented in many prior studies. More recently, important research has embraced gender as an important biologic variable. We will review this work in order to examine how gender influences the impact of exercise on the heart. RECENT FINDINGS: Exercise-induced cardiac remodeling (EICR) manifests slightly differently in male and female athletes...
July 18, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Yann Shan Keh, Puay Joo Tan, Siang Chew Chai, Benedict Tan, Khim Leng Tong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
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