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Firearms public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850135/495-firearm-injuries-in-children-in-the-usa-a-persistent-pervasive-public-health-issue
#1
Veerajalandhar Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Marcelo Auslender, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Alexandre Rotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#2
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836155/mental-illness-and-firearms-legal-context-and-clinical-approaches
#3
REVIEW
Debra A Pinals, Lisa Anacker
Gun violence and mental illness is a major area of media attention, especially because highly publicized mass shootings seem to have become more commonly reported in the press. Gun access also is undergoing a highly politicized debate in the United States. It is important for mental health practitioners to understand the background and context of laws related to firearms access, and to understand data related to risk of suicide and violence toward others caused by gun violence among persons with mental illness...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761016/a-culture-gap-in-the-united-states-implications-for-policy-on-limiting-access-to-firearms-for-suicidal-persons
#4
Elizabeth Marino, Christopher Wolsko, Susan G Keys, Laura Pennavaria
Suicide is a critical public health problem worldwide. In the United States (US), firearm ownership is common, and firearms account for the majority of deaths by suicide. While suicide prevention strategies may include limiting access to firearms, the contentious nature of gun regulations in the US, particularly among members of rural communities, often gives rise to constitutional concerns and political polarization that could inhibit suicidal persons from seeking the help they need. We examine potential outcomes of public health strategies in the US that encourage limiting access to firearms for populations who both value firearm ownership and are vulnerable to suicide...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758830/the-scientific-agreement-on-firearm-issues
#5
David Hemenway, Elizabeth P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: No one has systematically collected the views of firearm researchers to determine if and where agreement exists on the scientific evidence about firearms and firearm violence. METHODS: We send a short monthly on-line survey to firearm researchers. Each survey asks respondents their level of agreement with a statement about firearms, their rating of the quality of the scientific evidence on the specific issue, their familiarity with that literature and their area of expertise...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743624/the-american-college-of-preventive-medicine-policy-recommendations-on-reducing-and-preventing-firearm-related-injuries-and-deaths
#6
Bethany L Strong, Sarah-Blythe Ballard, Wendy Braund
The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Committee makes policy guidelines and recommendations on preventive medicine and public health topics for public health decision makers. After a review of the current evidence available in 2016, the College is providing a consensus-based set of policy recommendations designed to reduce firearm-related morbidity and mortality in the U.S. These guidelines address seven general areas pertaining to the public health threat posed by firearms: gun sales and background checks, assault weapons and high-capacity weapons, mental health, research funding, gun storage laws, and physician counseling...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736217/urban-blight-remediation-as-a-cost-beneficial-solution-to-firearm-violence
#7
Charles C Branas, Michelle C Kondo, Sean M Murphy, Eugenia C South, Daniel Polsky, John M MacDonald
OBJECTIVES: To determine if blight remediation of abandoned buildings and vacant lots can be a cost-beneficial solution to firearm violence in US cities. METHODS: We performed quasi-experimental analyses of the impacts and economic returns on investment of urban blight remediation programs involving 5112 abandoned buildings and vacant lots on the occurrence of firearm and nonfirearm violence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from 1999 to 2013. We adjusted before-after percent changes and returns on investment in treated versus control groups for sociodemographic factors...
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673424/drugs-guns-and-cars-how-far-we-have-come-to-improve-safety-in-the-united-states-yet-we-still-have-far-to-go
#8
James Dodington, Pina Violano, Carl R Baum, Kirsten Bechtel
Significant breakthroughs in the field of injury prevention and childhood safety have occurred during the past half-century. For example, the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970 and the institution of child passenger safety laws are responsible for a significant reduction in injuries among children and adolescents. This review will focus on the following three topics because of their significant contribution to pediatric injury morbidity, especially among adolescents, and their promise for further effective prevention research...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638246/a-culture-gap-in-the-united-states-implications-for-policy-on-limiting-access-to-firearms-for-suicidal-persons
#9
Elizabeth Marino, Christopher Wolsko, Susan G Keys, Laura Pennavaria
Suicide is a critical public health problem worldwide. In the United States (US), firearm ownership is common, and firearms account for the majority of deaths by suicide. While suicide prevention strategies may include limiting access to firearms, the contentious nature of gun regulations in the US, particularly among members of rural communities, often gives rise to constitutional concerns and political polarization that could inhibit suicidal persons from seeking the help they need. We examine potential outcomes of public health strategies in the US that encourage limiting access to firearms for populations who both value firearm ownership and are vulnerable to suicide...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537325/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-17-states-2013
#10
Bridget H Lyons, Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Carter J Betz, Janet M Blair
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2013, more than 57,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 17 U.S. states for 2013. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: NVDRS collects data from participating states regarding violent deaths obtained from death certificates, coroner/medical examiner reports, law enforcement reports, and secondary sources (e...
August 19, 2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488481/the-effect-of-gun-control-laws-on-hospital-admissions-for-children-in-the-united-states
#11
Jun Tashiro, Rebecca S Lane, Lawrence W Blass, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: Gun control laws vary greatly between states within the United States. We hypothesized that states with strict gun laws have lower mortality and resource utilization rates from pediatric firearms-related injury admissions. METHODS: Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2012) was searched for accidental (E922), self-inflicted (E955), assault (E965), legal intervention-related (E970), or undetermined circumstance (E985) firearm injuries. Patients were younger than 20 years and admitted for their injuries...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455516/public-opinion-regarding-whether-speaking-with-patients-about-firearms-is-appropriate-results-of-a-national-survey
#12
Marian E Betz, Deborah Azrael, Catherine Barber, Matthew Miller
Background: Health care providers have been encouraged to discuss firearms with patients; whether patients view these discussions as appropriate is unclear. Objective: To estimate, in a national sample, the perceived appropriateness of provider discussions about firearms. Design: Probability-based online survey conducted in April 2015. Analyses used survey weights to generate nationally representative estimates. Setting: U...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256649/the-port-arthur-massacre-and-the-national-firearms-agreement-20-years-on-what-are-the-lessons
#13
Michael J Dudley, Alan Rosen, Philip A Alpers, Rebecca Peters
The 20th anniversary of the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) offers lessons for mental health and public health. Along with similar international legislation, the NFA exemplifies how firearms regulation can prevent firearm mortality and injuries. The gun lobby claims that mental illness underpins gun violence and should be a key site for intervention. A modest but significant link exists between mental disorders and community violence. However, the vast majority of mentally ill individuals are not violent...
June 6, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196643/firearm-ownership-and-suicide-rates-among-us-men-and-women-1981-2013
#14
Michael Siegel, Emily F Rothman
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between state-level firearm ownership rates and gender-specific, age-adjusted firearm and total suicide rates across all 50 US states from 1981 to 2013. METHODS: We used panel data for all 50 states that included annual overall and gender-specific suicide and firearm suicide rates and a proxy for state-level household firearm ownership. We analyzed data by using linear regression and generalized estimating equations to account for clustering...
July 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092641/are-psychologists-and-psychiatrists-assessing-work-capacity-part-of-the-problem-or-solution
#15
Hrvoje Lalić
The aim of this case study was to emphasise the importance of coordination between the members of occupational medicine teams who assess work capacity in persons whose jobs may involve responsibility for other people's safety and health. We have picked out four cases - three visiting nurses and one applicant for driving and firearms licence extension - where psychiatrists/psychologists and occupational health specialist disagreed in their assessment entirely. These cases illustrate how psychologists and psychiatrists tend to support patients' wishes to either remain at their workplace or take disability retirement, whereas occupational health specialists take a different, less easy course, relying on the medical condition of the patient, specific job requirements, and broader implications for public safety...
March 2016: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084566/predictors-and-outcomes-of-pediatric-firearm-injuries-treated-in-the-emergency-department-differences-by-mechanism-of-intent
#16
Michael C Monuteaux, Rebekah Mannix, Eric W Fleegler, Lois K Lee
OBJECTIVE: Firearm injuries among children are a major clinical and public health concern and one of the leading causes of pediatric fatalities. Our objective was to investigate differences in predictors and clinical outcomes between self-inflicted, violent, and unintentional pediatric firearm injuries for patients who present to pediatric emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients 0 to 21 years old treated in 37 pediatric academic EDs from 2004 to 2014...
July 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077214/discussing-firearm-ownership-and-access-as-part-of-suicide-risk-assessment-and-prevention-means-safety-versus-means-restriction
#17
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Megan L Rogers, Michael D Anestis, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVES: To describe the relative utility of the terms "means safety" versus "means restriction" in counseling individuals to limit their access to firearms in the context of a mock suicide risk assessment. METHOD: Overall, 370 participants were randomized to read a vignette depicting a clinical scenario in which managing firearm ownership and access was discussed either using the term "means safety" or "means restriction." RESULTS: Participants rated the term "means safety" as significantly more acceptable and preferable than "means restriction...
April 13, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075751/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-self-administered-questionnaire-to-assess-parental-attitudes-toward-firearms-and-related-parenting-decisions
#18
Amy B Davis, Marney A White
The study sought to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Parental Attitudes Toward Firearms Survey (PATFS), a self-report measure of parental attitudes about firearms and parenting behavior. The initial item pool was generated based on a literature review and discussion with experts in violence reduction, psychometrics, and public health. Data were collected online from 362 volunteers and subjected to exploratory factor analysis which revealed a 13-item, 3-factor solution accounting for 59...
2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836571/a-geospatial-analysis-of-severe-firearm-injuries-compared-to-other-injury-mechanisms-event-characteristics-location-timing-and-outcomes
#19
Craig D Newgard, Brittany J Sanchez, Eileen M Bulger, Karen J Brasel, Adam Byers, Jason E Buick, Kellie L Sheehan, Frank X Guyette, Richard V King, Jorge Mena-Munoz, Joseph P Minei, Robert H Schmicker
OBJECTIVES: Relatively little is known about the context and location of firearm injury events. Using a prospective cohort of trauma patients, we describe and compare severe firearm injury events to other violent and nonviolent injury mechanisms regarding incident location, proximity to home, time of day, spatial clustering, and outcomes. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of injured children and adults with hypotension or Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 8, injured by one of four primary injury mechanisms (firearm, stabbing, assault, and motor vehicle collision [MVC]) who were transported by emergency medical services to a Level I or II trauma center in 10 regions of the United States and Canada from January 1, 2010, through June 30, 2011...
May 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804777/distinctive-injury-deaths-the-role-of-environment-policy-and-measurement-across-states
#20
Sara E Heins, Cassandra K Crifasi
BACKGROUND: Maps identifying the most distinctive feature of each state have become popular on social media, but may also have important public health applications. A map identifying the most distinctive injury death in each state could be a useful tool for policymakers, enabling them to identify potential gaps in prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: To identify the most distinctive cause of injury death in each state and explore potential reasons for the geographical variation...
August 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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