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Firearms public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789981/research-driven-policy-is-financial-capacity-related-to-dangerousness
#1
Patrick H DeLeon, Maegan M Paxton, Tonya Spencer, Jouhayna E Bajjani-Gebara
Current Veterans administration policy directly links a Veteran's adjudged capacity to manage personal financial resources with their ability to purchase or possess a firearm, pursuant to the regulatory authority of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). Preventing Veterans' suicide is a highly laudable public health objective. Effectively utilizing scientific research to "inform" public policy is equally important. The authors should be congratulated for their efforts. However, it is important in utilizing large set population-based data, especially social science data, to evaluate policy alternatives that there be substantial face (i...
May 22, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771618/differences-between-new-and-long-standing-us-gun-owners-results-from-a-national-survey
#2
Joseph Wertz, Deborah Azrael, David Hemenway, Susan Sorenson, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the proportion of current US gun owners who are new to owning firearms and compare new versus long-standing gun owners with respect to their firearms and firearm-related behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative probability-based online survey conducted in 2015 in the United States. We defined new gun owners as current firearm owners who acquired all of their firearms within the past 5 years, but who lived in a home without a gun at some time over the past 5 years...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771611/firearm-ownership-storage-practices-and-suicide-risk-factors-in-washington-state-2013-2016
#3
Erin Renee Morgan, Anthony Gomez, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
OBJECTIVES: To characterize firearm ownership and storage practices in Washington State and assess their relationship with suicide risk factors. METHODS: Using Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 2013 to 2016, we conducted survey-weighted multivariable Poisson regression models to obtain prevalence ratios (PRs) and confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Of 34 884 adult respondents, 34.3% (95% CI = 33.7%, 35...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759795/children-and-firearms-a-public-health-crisis
#4
Karen Goldschmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727798/sex-and-age-modify-the-relationship-between-life-circumstances-and-use-of-a-firearm-in-suicide-deaths-across-17-u-s-states
#5
Bindu Kalesan, Laura Ann Sampson, Yi Zuo, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Suicides are of growing public health concern in the United States. Although the demographics of firearm suicides are well established, the sex and age differences in the role that life circumstances play in the risk for firearm suicide are not known. METHODS: We used suicide deaths from the National Violent Death Reporting System from 2003 to 2011 in 17 U.S. states to assess the difference in the relation between six life circumstances and risk of firearm versus non-firearm suicides across sex and age groups...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727316/gun-violence-two-medical-students-hometown-connection-to-this-public-health-crisis
#6
Nicholas O Kuhl, Monica P Lieberman
The school shooting in Parkland, Florida in February 2018 left 17 people dead and countless other children and teachers with physical and psychological trauma that will require decades of healing. As Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School alumni and current medical students, the authors of this Invited Commentary contend that they are in a unique position to advocate on behalf of their neighbors, classmates, and future patients. Since the authors began medical school in 2015, there have been 19 mass shootings in the United States resulting in 253 deaths...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703071/to-improve-homicide-firearm-information-reporting-rhode-island-state-crime-laboratory
#7
Yongwen Jiang, Dennis Lyons, Jane B Northup, Dennis Hilliard, Karen Foss, Shannon Young, Samara Viner-Brown
Information on homicide firearms can be used to help state and local communities understand the problems of violence and decrease injuries and deaths. However, it is difficult to collect these data. To our knowledge, in the public health arena, the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) is the only system that collects detailed firearm information. The Rhode Island State Crime Laboratory (RISCL) can provide detailed information about the firearms and cartridge cases\bullets involved in firearm deaths...
May 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680413/freedom-with-responsibility-a-consensus-strategy-for-preventing-injury-death-and-disability-from-firearm-violence
#8
Ronald M Stewart, Deborah A Kuhls, Michael F Rotondo, Eileen M Bulger
Reducing violence-related, intentional injury (including intentional firearm-related injury) requires a multifaceted, integrated public health approach. This requires engagement, responsibility and partnership across disciplines, geographic regions, and philosophic differences. A commitment to the values of civility, professionalism, humility and mutual respect are required.
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644535/a-secondary-spatial-analysis-of-gun-violence-near-boston-schools-a-public-health-approach
#9
Gia Barboza
School neighborhood violence continues to be a major public health problem among urban students. A large body of research addresses violence at school; however, fewer studies have explored concentrations of violence in areas proximal to schools. This study aimed to quantify the concentration of shootings near schools to elucidate the place-based dynamics that may be focal points for violence prevention. Geocoded databases of shooting and school locations were used to examine locational patterns of firearm shootings and elementary, middle, and high schools in Boston, Massachusetts...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625814/firearm-mortality-in-california-2000-2015-the-epidemiologic-importance-of-within-state-variation
#10
Veronica A Pear, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Rose M C Kagawa, Magdalena Cerdá, Garen J Wintemute
PURPOSE: Firearm mortality is a significant problem in the United States. Previous studies have largely focused on firearm mortality at the national or state level, leaving open the question of within-state variation. This study examined firearm mortality within California. METHODS: We used Multiple Cause of Death data files to identify all firearm fatalities in California from 2000 to 2015. We described firearm mortality rates and counts over time, by age and county, stratifying by intent, gender, and race/ethnicity...
March 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617301/an-ecological-study-on-the-spatially-varying-relationship-between-county-level-suicide-rates-and-altitude-in-the-united-states
#11
Hoehun Ha, Wei Tu
Suicide is a serious but preventable public health issue. Several previous studies have revealed a positive association between altitude and suicide rates at the county level in the contiguous United States. We assessed the association between suicide rates and altitude using a cross-county ecological study design. Data on suicide rates were obtained from a Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), maintained by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Altitude data were collected from the United States Geological Survey (USGS)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616901/issues-in-developing-a-surveillance-case-definition-for-nonfatal-suicide-attempt-and-intentional-self-harm-using-international-classification-of-diseases-tenth-revision-clinical-modification-icd-10-cm-coded-data
#12
Holly Hedegaard, Michael Schoenbaum, Cynthia Claassen, Alex Crosby, Kristin Holland, Scott Proescholdbell
Suicide and intentional self-harm are among the leading causes of death in the United States. To study this public health issue, epidemiologists and researchers often analyze data coded using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Prior to October 1, 2015, health care organizations and providers used the clinical modification of the Ninth Revision of ICD (ICD-9-CM) to report medical information in electronic claims data. The transition in October 2015 to use of the clinical modification of the Tenth Revision of ICD (ICD-10-CM) resulted in the need to update methods and selection criteria previously developed for ICD-9-CM coded data...
February 2018: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613871/a-new-tool-for-case-studies-in-epidemiology-the-synthetic-control-method
#13
David H Rehkopf, Sanjay Basu
With the publication of "Repeal of Comprehensive Background Check Policies and Firearm Homicide and Suicide," the synthetic control method joins a group of useful statistical methods for the analysis of observational data imported to the field of epidemiology from economics and political science. These approaches include fixed effects (2), difference in differences (2), regression discontinuity (3) and instrumental variables (4). This expansion of methodological tools has been critical for the development for epidemiology as the discipline has expanded to consider the analysis of exposures that are not easily subjected to true random assignment, and for which unmeasured confounders plausibly exist...
April 2, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549755/predictors-of-firearm-violence-in-urban-communities-a-machine-learning-approach
#14
Dana E Goin, Kara E Rudolph, Jennifer Ahern
Interpersonal firearm violence is a leading cause of death and injuries in the United States. Identifying community characteristics associated with firearm violence is important to improve confounder selection and control in health research, to better understand community-level factors that are associated with firearm violence, and to enhance community surveillance and control of firearm violence. The objective of this research was to use machine learning to identify an optimal set of predictors for urban interpersonal firearm violence rates using a broad set of community characteristics...
May 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512834/suicide-among-health-care-practitioners-and-technicians-in-colorado-an-epidemiological-study
#15
Sasha Mintz, Ethan Jamison, Kirk Bol
Suicide is a public health concern with risks that vary between occupation groups. Many suicide victims with a health care occupation die by poisoning, but few studies have epidemiologically studied this association. The objective of this study was to quantify the increased risk of suicide death by poisoning among health care professionals in Colorado. Eleven years (2004-2014, N = 8,753) of suicide deaths in Colorado were compiled from the Colorado Violent Death Reporting System. A retrospective cohort study using multivariate logistic regression was conducted to examine the risk associated with having a health care occupation and eventual suicide death by poisoning, compared independently to firearm and hanging methods...
March 7, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505275/identifying-potential-mass-shooters-and-suicide-terrorists-with-warning-signs-of-suicide-perceived-victimization-and-desires-for-attention-or-fame
#16
Adam Lankford
In the United States and Europe, the distinction between public mass shooters and suicide terrorists no longer seems particularly meaningful. A number of public mass shooters have considered using bombs and claimed to be sacrificing themselves for an ideological cause, and many suicide terrorists have attacked without organizational support, using firearms, for what appear to be largely personal reasons. Previous research has also documented several common factors in these offenders' lives, including (a) suicidal motives and life indifference, (b) perceived victimization, and (c) desires for attention or fame...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504465/twenty-three-year-trend-in-firearm-deaths-in-the-transkei-subregion-of-south-africa-1993-2015
#17
Banwari Meel
Background Firearm-related deaths are a serious public-health problem in South Africa, which has the second-highest rate of firearm-related deaths in the world. Objective The aim of this study was to examine the trend in firearm deaths in the Transkei subregion of South Africa. Method An autopsy record review study was conducted at the Forensic Pathology Laboratory at Mthatha over a period of 23 years (1993-2015). Results Over a 23-year period (1993-2015), 27,036 autopsies were performed at the Mthatha Forensic Pathology Laboratory on people who had died from unnatural causes...
April 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474678/society-of-behavioral-medicine-sbm-position-statement-restore-cdc-funding-for-firearms-and-gun-violence-prevention-research
#18
Pamela Behrman, Colleen A Redding, Sheela Raja, Tamara Newton, Nisha Beharie, Destiny Printz
The Society for Behavioral Medicine (SBM) urges restoration of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funding for firearms and gun violence prevention research. Gun violence in the United States is an important and costly public health issue in need of research attention. Unfortunately, there have been no concerted CDC-funded research efforts in this area since 1996, due to the passage of the Dickey Amendment. To remedy the information-gathering restrictions caused by the Dickey Amendment bans, it is recommended that Congress remove 'policy riders' on federal appropriations bills that limit firearms research at the CDC; expand NVDRS firearms-related data collection efforts to include all fifty states; fund CDC research on the risk and protective factors of gun use and gun violence prevention; fund research on evidence-based primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention and treatment initiatives for communities that are seriously impacted by the effects of gun violence; and support the development of evidence-based policy and prevention recommendations for gun use and ownership...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433468/suicide-and-deliberate-self-harm-in-pakistan-a-scoping-review
#19
Sualeha S Shekhani, Shagufta Perveen, Dur-E-Sameen Hashmi, Khawaja Akbar, Sara Bachani, Murad M Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global public health problem with more than 800,000 incidents worldwide annually. Seventy-five percent of the global suicides occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Pakistan is a LMIC where information on suicidal behavior is limited. The aim of the review is to map available literature on determinants, risk factors and other variables of suicidal behavior in Pakistan. METHOD: This study was based on Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework of scoping review, combining peer reviewed publications with grey literature...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389917/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-18-states-2014
#20
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
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