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Chih-Hao Chin, Meng-Yeh Lin, Tzu-Ping Huang, Yu-Jong Wu
Electron bombardment during deposition of an Ar matrix containing a small proportion of allene generated allene cations. Further irradiation of the matrix sample at 385 nm destroyed the allene cations and formed propyne cations in solid Ar. Both cations were identified according to previously reported IR absorption bands. Using a similar technique, we recorded the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of allene cations in solid Ar. The vibrationally resolved progression recorded in the range of 266-237 nm with intervals of about 800 cm -1 was assigned to the A 2 E ← X 2 E transition of allene cations, and the broad continuum absorption recorded in the region of 229-214 nm was assigned to their B 2 A 1 ← X 2 E transition...
February 8, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Luigi Canullo, Marco Tallarico, Daniele Botticelli, Karol Alí Apaza Alccayhuaman, Evandro Carneiro Martins Neto, Samuel Porfirio Xavier
OBJECTIVE: To histologically assess the hard and soft tissue changes after insertion of cleaned and activated titanium implants using plasma of argon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight dogs were included in this study. The mandibular premolars and first molars were extracted. For each hemi-mandible, four implants, 7 mm long and 3.3 mm of diameter, with a ZirTi surface were used. The surface of two implants was randomly treated with argon plasma (test), while the other two implants were left untreated (control)...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
A J Gardner, D K Menon
Despite the global burden of brain injury, neuroprotective agents remain elusive. There are no clinically effective therapies which reduce mortality or improve long-term cognitive outcome. Ventilation could be an easily modifiable variable in resuscitation; gases are relatively simple to administer. Xenon is the prototypic agent of a new generation of experimental treatments which show promise. However, use is hindered by its prohibitive cost and anaesthetic properties. Argon is an attractive option, being cheaper, easy to transport, non-sedating, and mechanistically distinct from xenon...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Crenguța Feraru, Andrei Bâlha, Victor Aursulesei, Andrei Filip, Anca Pantalon
We present the therapeutic options and functional results in patients with plateau iris (syndrome or configuration) in consecutive case series. Material and method: Our study included newly diagnosed patients with acute angle closure by "plateau iris" (configuration or syndrome), between June 2016 and April 2017. Series of 8 consecutive patients met the inclusion criteria, all being females. All the patients underwent an individualized treatment according to the underlying mechanism and evolution...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Øivind Wilhelmsen, Thuat T Trinh, Anders Lervik
Density gradient theory for fluids has played a key role in the study of interfacial phenomena for a century. In this work, we revisit its fundamentals by examining the vapor-liquid interface of argon, represented by the cut and shifted Lennard-Jones fluid. The starting point has traditionally been a Helmholtz energy functional using mass densities as arguments. By using rather the internal energy as starting point and including the entropy density as an additional argument, following thereby the phenomenological approach from classical thermodynamics, the extended theory suggests that the configurational part of the temperature has different contributions from the parallel and perpendicular directions at the interface, even at equilibrium...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Mathias Winkler, Knut J Børve
Electron attenuation due to inelastic and elastic scattering in condensed media can often be described in terms of the effective attenuation length (EAL) of the electron. The EAL is thus an important parameter for describing electron transport processes as exemplified by dissipation of energy following radiolysis. Focusing on electrons at low electron kinetic energies (10-40 eV) in condensed argon, we determine EAL from x-ray photoelectron spectra of argon nanoparticles and compare to values obtained from valence ionization in thin argon films as well as from gas-phase electron-scattering data...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Kanka Ghosh, C V Krishnamurthy
The existence of the Frenkel line in the supercritical regime of a Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid shown through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations initially and later corroborated by experiments on argon opens up possibilities of understanding the structure and dynamics of supercritical fluids in general and of the Frenkel line in particular. The location of the Frenkel line, which demarcates two distinct physical states, liquidlike and gaslike within the supercritical regime, has been established through MD simulations of the velocity autocorrelation (VACF) and radial distribution function (RDF)...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Marco Antonio Ridenti, Jayr de Amorim, Arnaldo Dal Pino, Vasco Guerra, George Petrov
In this work we compute the main features of a surface-wave-driven plasma in argon at atmospheric pressure in view of a better understanding of the contraction phenomenon. We include the detailed chemical kinetics dynamics of Ar and solve the mass conservation equations of the relevant neutral excited and charged species. The gas temperature radial profile is calculated by means of the thermal diffusion equation. The electric field radial profile is calculated directly from the numerical solution of the Maxwell equations assuming the surface wave to be propagating in the TM_{00} mode...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Pavla Zurynková, Jiří Dědina, Jan Kratzer
Atomization conditions for antimony hydride in the plasma atomizer based on a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) with atomic absorption spectrometric detection were optimized. Argon was found as the best discharge gas under a flow rate of 50 mL min - 1 while the DBD power was optimum at 30 W. Analytical figures of merit including interference study of As, Se and Bi have been subsequently investigated and the results compared to those found in an externally heated quartz tube atomizer (QTA). The limit of detection (LOD) reached in DBD (0...
June 20, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Ashwin Ambi, Nisharg Parikh, Carolina Vera, Krystal Burns, Naidel Montano, Leonard Sciorra, Jessica Epstein, Debing Zeng, Christian Traba
Many research groups have attained slow, persistent, continuous release of silver ions through careful experimental design using existing methods. Such methods effectively kill planktonic bacteria and therefore prevent surface adhesion of pathogens. However, the resultant modified coatings cannot provide long-term antibacterial efficacy due to sustained anti-microbial release. In this study, the anti-infection activity of AgNP immobilized biomaterials was evaluated, facilitated by argon plasma grafting technology and activated by bacterial colonization...
February 15, 2018: Biofouling
Ayman Yousef, Robert M Brooks, Ahmed Abutaleb, Salem S Al-Deyab, Mohamed H El-Newehy
Electrospinning has been used to synthesize cobalt-chromium carbide nanoparticles (NPs)-doped carbon nanofibers (CNFs) (Composite). Electrospun mat comprising of cobalt acetate, chromium acetate and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) has been carbonized at low temperature (850 °C) for 3 h under argon atmosphere to produce the introduced composite. The process was achieved at low temperature due to the presence of cobalt as an activator. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) equipped with EDX techniques were used to determine the products characteristics...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sheng-Po Chang, Deng Shan
This paper presents the electrical characteristics of doping nitrogen in an amorphous InGaZnO thin film transistor. The IGZO:N film, which acted as a channel layer, was deposited using RF sputtering with a nitrogen and argon gas mixture at room temperature. The optimized parameters of the IGZO:N/IGZO TFT are as follows: threshold voltage is 0.5 V, field effect mobility is 14.34 cm2V-1S-1. The on/off current ratio is 106 and subthreshold swing is 1.48 V/decade. The positive gate bias stress stability of InGaZnO doping with nitrogen shows improvement compared to doping with oxygen...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Katarzyna Arkusz, Ewa Paradowska, Marta Nycz, Elżzbieta Krasicka-Cydzik
The morphology of self-assembled TiO2 nanotubes layer plays a key role in electrical conductivity and biocompatibility properties in terms of cell proliferation, adhesion and mineralization. Many research studies have been reported in using a TiO2 nanotubes for different medical applications, there is a lack of unified correlation between TNT morphology and its electrochemical properties. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of diameter and annealing conditions on TiO2 nanotubes with identical height and their behaviour as biosensor platform...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Nadia Shardt, Janet A W Elliott
At any given temperature, pressure, and composition, a compound or a mixture of compounds will exist either in a single phase, whether solid, liquid, or vapor, or in a combination of these phases coexisting in equilibrium. For multiphase systems, it is known that the geometry of the interface impacts the equilibrium state; this effect has been well-studied in single component systems with spherical interfaces. However, multicomponent phase diagrams are usually calculated assuming a planar interface between phases...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Pankaj Attri, Fumiyoshi Tochikubo, Ji Hoon Park, Eun Ha Choi, Kazunori Koga, Masaharu Shiratani
The rapid growth in world population brings with it the need for improvement in the current technology for water purification, in order to provide adequate potable water to everyone. Although an advanced oxidation process has been used to purify wastewater, its action mechanism is still not clear. Therefore, in the present study we treat dye-polluted water with gamma rays and dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma. We study the wastewater treatment efficiency of gamma rays and DBD plasma at different absorbed doses, and at different time intervals, respectively...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kazunori Takahashi, Christine Charles, Rod Boswell, Akira Ando
A specially constructed experiment shows the near perfect adiabatic expansion of an ideal electron gas resulting in a polytropic index greater than 1.4, approaching the adiabatic value of 5/3, when removing electric fields from the system, while the polytropic index close to unity is observed when the electrons are trapped by the electric fields. The measurements were made on collisionless electrons in an argon plasma expanding in a magnetic nozzle. The collision lengths of all electron collision processes are greater than the scale length of the expansion, meaning the system cannot be in thermodynamic equilibrium, yet thermodynamic concepts can be used, with caution, in explaining the results...
January 26, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Semra Bilaçeroğlu
Endobronchial ablative therapies, such as mechanical debulking, laser therapy, electrocautery, argon plasma coagulation, cryotherapy, brachytherapy, photodynamic therapy, microdebrider bronchoscopy, resector balloon deobstruction, and intratumoral chemotherapy, are performed through a rigid or flexible bronchoscope in palliating or curing symptomatic malignant and benign airway lesions to improve symptoms, quality of life, and survival. Technical factors together with patient- and lesion-specific features determine the therapy of choice, as each therapy is different in capacity, limitation, and complications...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
Artur Mardyukov, Dominik Niedek, Peter R Schreiner
We describe the isolation as well as IR and UV/Vis spectroscopic characterization of (4-methoxyphenyl)phosphine disulfide in argon matrices at 10 K. The title compound proved to be highly photolabile; irradiation with UV light (λ = 334 nm) led to rearrangement to the equally unreported 3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,2,3-dithiaphosphirane. Photoreversion can be achieved upon irradiation at λ = 465 nm.
February 12, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
André Kristopher Eckhardt, Peter Richard Schreiner
Although N-heterocyclic carbenes have been well-studied, the simplest aminocarbene, aminomethylene H-C̈-NH2, has not been spectroscopically identified yet. Here we report the gas phase prep-aration of aminomethylene by high-vacuum flash pyrolysis of cyclo-propylamine and subsequent trapping of the pyrolysate in an inert argon matrix at 12 K. Aminomethylene was characterized by matching matrix IR and UV/Vis spectroscopic data with ab initio coupled cluster computations. After UV irradiation of the matrix aminomethylene re-arranges to its isomer methanimine (formaldimine) H2C=NH...
February 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
G L Sharipov, A M Abdrakhmanov, B M Gareev, L R Yakshembetova
The sonochemiluminescence spectra of electron-excited ions *[Ru(bpy)3]2+ was registered for the first time during sonolysis of argon saturated aqueous solutions of Ru(bpy)3Cl2 with low concentration. At single-bubble sonolysis, the luminescence band of ruthenium is recorded at a concentration of Ru(bpy)3Cl2 from 10-6 M, and at multibubble from 10-5 M. Possible mechanisms for the appearance of the band of a tris-bipyridyl ruthenium(II) complex on the background of an structureless continuum of water in the spectra of sonoluminescence are analyzed...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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